Blue-winged Parrotlet
Forpus xanthopterygius

Cotorrita Aliazul



12 a 13 cm.. height.

The Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) has the forecrown, the crown, back of the neck and ear-coverts, green; cheeks, eye area and lores, emerald green. Upperparts and wings, green, except the part inferior of the back, rump, primaries and greater coverts, are cobalt blue and blue color toward the base of the secondaries. Under, the wings with the coverts a rich cobalt blue color; the flight feathers Matte metallic blue. the underparts of color green with shades yellow and with feathers of color red Emerald around the thighs and vent. Upper, the tail green; undertail, pale green.

Bill and cere Pink with gray base up to the upper jaw; bare periophthalmic pale grey: irises dark brown: legs Gris-Rosado pale.

Female all green.

Immature similar to the adult respective but the color blue of them males young mixed with green.

Subspecies description
  • Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens

    (Salvadori, 1891) – Similar to the species nominal but the males with the rump pale blue; underparts and facial area more yellowish; undertail, the tail more bluish.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens

    (Hellmayr, 1929) – Generally paler and more yellowish which the nominal. Forehead, throat and cheeks males, yellow.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius xanthopterygius

    (Spix, 1824) – The nominal

  • Forpus xanthopterygius crassirostris

    (By Taczanowsk, 1883) – As the species nominal but blue pale with emerald green in it forecrown. Primary coverts pale, of color grisaceo-violeta that contrast with the coverts more large of color blue more dark. Mandíbula superior laterally compressed in the Center.

    – Some authors like (Stotz et to the., 1996, Collar 1997) They have followed Pinto (1945) and considered this subspecies as especie monotípica bajo el nombre científico Forpus crassirostris


Frequent habitats woodlands more dry such as Open forests and riparian, closed and caatinga; at the edge of the range that is located in the Savannah, palm groves, scrub semiarid and pastures. In the Amazonía occidental parece estar principalmente distribuida a lo largo de los ríos en un crecimiento ribereño más ligero. Mainly in the land low, but reported to 1,200 m in the mountains of the southeast of Brazil. Gregaria, in herds of up to 50.


It nests, mainly, in the cavities of trees, Although also termite tree, posts in fences, nests Hornero Común (Furnarius rufus), which can be occupied by force and lined with grass stalks, or even nests of the Red-rumped Cacique (Cacique haemorrhous). Clutch 3-7 eggs.


Its diet includes fruit of Cecropia, seeds of Mikania and Trema micrantha and flowers of Ambrosia and Marcgravia; Forages in open areas, sometimes in land.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 5.780.000 km2

Its distribution is discontinuous in South America, since the Basin Amazon to the North of Argentina with people separated in the North of Colombia. Esta última ocurre en las tierras bajas del Caribbean arid from Cartagena through the valley bottom of the river Magdalena South to North of Bolívar and East to the base of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. The species reappears in the end South of Colombia about Leticia and possibly in the Putumayo, and records from the Northeast borders of the Ecuador and from the East of Peru to the East of Bolivia in El Beni and Santa Cruz; It extends through the basin of the Western Amazon of Brazil eastward to the East of amazon and in large part of the interior of the this of Brazil towards the Southeast, possibly up to Río Grande del Sur.

Apparently absent from parts of the East and northeast of Amazonas brasileñas con sus límites del nordeste en maranhão and Ceará.

Se distribuyen por el noreste de Argentina, in Missions, Northeast of Currents, Chaco oriental and Formosa Eastern.

Is located in the East of Paraguay and can be observed over the West in the chaco.

Apparently introduced in Jamaica, but the current situation is unknown.

Mainly resident Although migrant altitude in the southeast of Brazil, with seasonal movements in Argentina in relation to food supply. Común in the East of the cordillera, sometimes locally abundant (for example, in the northern parts of Bay), less abundant in the West, siendo poco común y local (Perhaps reducing) in the Northwest of Colombia and scarce throughout the East of Peru and Bolivia. Perhaps increasing in parts of the Amazonía occidental with cleared of forest dense, but probably in decline in Paraguay, donde anteriormente era común y ahora rara.

The Blue-winged Parrotlet have been caught for the trade, with captive birds fuera de los países del área de distribución. Is unlikely that the trade has been affected to their abundance in the Middle wild.

Subspecies distribution

With the aim of preserving the stability of the nomenclature, It has designated a lectotype for the name widely used xanthopterygius, What makes the correct name for the species present. Four subspecies currently recognized.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens

    (Salvadori, 1891) – Bolivia and Southeast Peru.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens

    (Hellmayr, 1929) – maranhão, Piauí, Ceará and Northeast South of Brazil to the North of Bay.

  • Forpus xanthopterygius xanthopterygius

    (Spix, 1824) – The nominal

  • Forpus xanthopterygius crassirostris

    (By Taczanowsk, 1883) – West amazon in South Colombia, este de Ecuador and this from Peru to center of amazon, Brazil.

    – Some authors like (Stotz et to the., 1996, Collar 1997) They have followed Pinto (1945) and considered this subspecies as especie monotípica bajo el nombre científico Forpus crassirostris


• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world's population of the Blue-winged Parrotlet It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

Suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

"Blue-winged Parrotlet" in captivity:

In captivity they are not very frequent. They are birds enable you require a large cage. Quiet and something Shy. Not is easy to accommodate them with other parrots.
Can be prone to it Obesity.


Among the various species of the Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius), There is, Unfortunately, a very extensive variety of colors mixed due to the crossing in captivity of the nominal species with several of their subspecies, así como de los diferentes cruces entre subspecies. Therefore, es bastante dudoso encontrar todavía species and subspecies properly colored, especially in the poultry raising European. Only the subspecies Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens, as pure subspecies, es todavía bastante fácil de reconocer.

Alternative names:

Blue-winged Parrotlet, Blue winged Parrotlet, Blue-winged, Large-billed or Turquoise-winged Parrotlet, Blue-winget parrotlet (English).
Toui de Spix, Perruche-moineau à ailes bleues, xT. à gros bec ou T. de Spengel (French).
Blauflügel-Sperlingspapagei (German).
Tuim, bate-cu, caturra, coió-coió, cu-cozido, cuiúba, cu-tapado, meudo, periquitinho, periquito, periquito-do-espírito-santo, quilim, tabacu, tapa-cu, tuietê, tuim-de-asa-azul, tuitiri (Portuguese).
Catita enana, Catita Enana Sudamericana, Cotorrita Aliazul, Periquito Azulejo, Viudita (español).
Catita enana (Argentina).
Catita enana (Colombia).
Periquito de Ala Azul (Peru).
Viudita (Paraguay).

Johann Baptist von Spix
Johann Baptist von Spix

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Forpus
Scientific name: Forpus xanthopterygius
Citation: (of Spix, 1824)
Protonimo: Psittaculus xanthopterygius

Images Blue-winged Parrotlet:

Videos of the "Blue-winged Parrotlet"


Blue-winged Parrotlet (The xanthopterygi of Forp)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – A male Blue-winged Parrotlet in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil By Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) Vale do Ribeira, São Paulo (state), Brazil By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A male Blue-winged Parrotlet in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil By Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A male Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) looking out from a nest in the Vale do Ribeira, Brazil By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) at Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil By Arthur Chapman [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

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