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Turquoise-winged Parrotlet
Forpus spengeli

Turquoise-winged Parrotlet



Turquoise-winged Parrotlet

12–13 cm. length and 28 g. of weight.
The male of the Turquoise-winged Parrotlet (Forpus spengeli) It has shades of blue at the bottom of the back, still it rump of a turquoise hue; turquoise / blue with purple on the underwing-coverts and axillary.

The wing coverts are dark green. Primary coverts are violet; wing edge bright green. Supracaudals coverts are bright green; undertail-coverts, bright yellow. Dark brown eyes with iris gray; flesh-colored legs; peak light colored horn.

The female It is green instead of blue; their face is green / yellow, It is his forecrown yellower.


Until now treated as conspecific the species Forpus xanthopterygius, or sometimes as a subspecies of Forpus passerinus, or a subspecies of Forpus cyanopygius. differs, However, of the Forpus xanthopterygius in pale turquoise against the rich color tone blue rump and of the wing-coverts of the male; in the dark blue, against the rich blue color in underwing-coverts of the male; the forecrown and lores yellow in female.

  • Sound of the Turquoise-winged Parrotlet.


they prefer forested habitats drier as open forests and riparian, closed caatinga; Also they found in savannas, palm groves, semiarid scrub and grassland areas.

With feed in open areas and sometimes on the floor. Highly social; found in groups of up 50 individuals.


Breeding season, May-August. Clutch, 3-7 eggs.


Diet Turquoise-winged Parrotlet in their natural environment it is composed of fruit of Cecropia, seeds of Mikania and tremble mirantha and flowers of Ambrosia and Marcgravia.


Size of its range (breeding/resident): 29.200 km2

Restricted north of Colombia, from the coastal region Caribbean western and southern mountains Santa Marta, Atlantic, south along the Magdalena river in Bolívar and César.


• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the Red List of the Category

State of conservation ⓘ

Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

Although this species may have a small range, It not believed to approach the thresholds for vulnerable under the range size criterion (extent of occurrence <20.000 km2 combinan con un tamaño gama disminución o fluctuante, hábitat medida / calidad, o tamaño de la población y un pequeño número de localidades o fragmentación severa). La tendencia de la población no se conoce, pero la población no se cree que esté disminuyendo con la rapidez suficiente como para acercarse a los umbrales del criterio tendencia de la población (> 30% decrease of more than ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable according to the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estima en> 10% in ten years or three generations, or a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least concern.

Justification of the population

The world's population has not been quantified, but this species is described as rare and local (Juniper and Parr 1998).

Justification trend

The population trend is unknown, but according to some reports, the species may be declining. (Juniper and Parr 1998).

"Turquoise-winged Parrotlet" in captivity:


Alternative names:

Blue-winged Parrotlet (spengeli), Blue-winged Parrotlet (Turquoise-winged), Green-rumped Parrotlet (spengeli), Turquoise-winged Parrotlet (English).
Toui de Spengel, Toui de Spix (spengeli), Toui été (spengeli) (French).
Türkisflügel-Sperlingspapagei (German).
Turquoise-winged Parrotlet (Portuguese).
Cotorrita aliturquesa (español).

scientific classification:

Gustav Hartlaub

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Forpus
Scientific name: Forpus xanthopterygius spengeli
Citation: (Hartlaub, 1885)
Protonimo: Psittacula spengeli

Images Turquoise-winged Parrotlet:

Species of the genus Forpus
  • Forpus modestus
  • —- Forpus modestus modestus
  • —- Forpus modestus sclateri
  • Forpus cyanopygius
  • —- Forpus cyanopygius cyanopygius
  • —- Forpus cyanopygius insularis
  • Forpus passerinus
  • —- Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus
  • —- Forpus passerinus cyanophanes
  • —- Forpus passerinus deliciosus
  • —- Forpus passerinus passerinus
  • —- Forpus passerinus viridissimus
  • Forpus spengeli
  • Forpus xanthopterygius
  • —- Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens
  • —- Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens
  • —- Forpus xanthopterygius xanthopterygius
  • Forpus crassirostris
  • Forpus conspicillatus
  • —- Forpus conspicillatus caucae
  • —- Forpus conspicillatus conspicillatus
  • —- Forpus conspicillatus metae
  • Forpus coelestis
  • Forpus xanthops

  • Turquoise-winged Parrotlet (Forpus spengeli)


    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


    (1) – Forpus xanthopterygius spengeli (24-3-15 Loro Parque) by barFlickr
    (2) – (above) Psittacula spengleri [sic] = Forpus xanthopterygius spengeli (Hartlaub, 1885), ?♂ (below) Psittacula cyanochlora = Forpus passerinus cyanochlorus (Schlegel, 1864), ♂ by Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: ndrew Spencer, XC165598. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/165598

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