Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)
Holanda FCI 314 . Flushing Dogs

Kooikerhondje

The Kooikerhondje initially it was registered among the companion dogs. Outside Holland it is practically unknown.

Content

History

This puppy with an unpronounceable original name has a long history, that begins in the Middle Ages, more specifically in the fifteenth century, when the Spanish brought the first Spaniels a los Países Bajos. Several crosses with local dogs resulted in the Kooikerhondje (Kooiker). The dog quickly spread, appearing in many paintings by 17th century Dutch masters, como Jan Steen (1626-1679), but also in literature, especially in the Dutch Historian Stories Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft (1581-1647).

It was his special talent for hunting ducks that made him famous. Dutch for "small cager dog" (other name of Kooikerhondje – Kooiker). He was trained to lure ducks with his white plumed tail into trapped channels that ended in a cage (“eendenkooi“, in Dutch), where the hunters (“kooiker“) podían capturarlos fácilmente. The specimens used for this hunting technique were called “hondjes de Kooiker“, and the name has remained in this breed.

Apart from the Kooikerhondje (Kooiker), few breeds are capable of learning this hunting technique. A notable exception is the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, which appeared in the 19th century and is generally considered to be a descendant of the Kooiker.

However, la utilidad del perro no terminaba ahí: when it wasn't duck hunting season, it was used to hunt vermin.

Its population declined rapidly between the two wars, mainly due to the abandonment of this hunting method (que requería un gran trabajo para mantener los canales de las trampas) in favor of the use of the rifle, facilitated by the greater precision of firearms. Like this, en vísperas de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, la raza casi había desaparecido, con un número total de individuos estimado en sólo una treintena.

Tras la invasión de los Países Bajos en 1940, the baronessa von Hardenbroek of Ammerstol, con espíritu de resistencia a la ocupación alemana, decidió salvar a este perro típicamente holandés. Delivered a black and white photo to several street vendors, asking them to notify you if they encountered such an animal. Así encontró a Tommy, una hembra Kooiker del norte de los Países Bajos, which was the reason for the rebirth of the breed as we know it today.

Among 1942 and 1976, the baroness raised 52 layers of Dutch foxhounds that were named after his kennel, from Valhalla, and obtained the recognition of the breed by the Raad van Beheer (la organización canina oficial del país) in 1971. Later, the breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1990 and by the United Kennel Club (UKC) American in 1996. The other leading American organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2004.

If he Kooikerhondje (Kooiker) se ha convertido en un perro relativamente común en su país de origen, todavía no es el caso en el resto del mundo, where remains unknown. However, things seem to be changing since the decade of 2010.

Like this, en el Reino Unido, where it is recognized by The Kennel Club, Enrollments have increased considerably since 2013, to the point of already exceeding fifty copies a year.

Also in France there is a certain madness for this breed: while in 2007 and 2012 they only signed up 5 specimens in the LOF (Libro de Orígenes Francés), between 2013 and 2018 there were more than 200.

In United States, the Dutch for "small cager dog" still very weird, but the Dutch Kooikerhondje Club of America (NKCUSA) registered 11 new breeders in 2018 and 2019, lo que sugiere que la raza también está disfrutando de un creciente interés allí, and that its population will increase rapidly.

Photo: Kooikerhondje puppy by Petful

Physical characteristics

The Kooikerhondje – Kooikerhondje is a medium-sized dog with a harmonious build, with a general appearance reminiscent of a Spaniel. Her body, slightly longer than tall, he is muscular but thin: they are dogs made for speed and agility. La cola sigue la línea de la espalda y refuerza su aspecto esbelto.

The head is carried high, which gives it an aristocratic air. The skull is quite wide and rounded, while the muzzle, ending in a black nose, is slightly truncated. His dark brown almond eyes express intelligence and kindness. The ears are medium in size, colocadas en una línea que parte de la nariz y pasa por el ojo, falling down the cheeks.

The coat is of medium length and can be smooth or slightly wavy. The legs have a longer plumage on the hind legs than on the front ones., pero es el plumaje de la cola lo más característico del Kooikerhondje: long and white, giving the tail a feathery look. The long black hairs on the tips of the ears, known as “pendientes”, they are highly sought after.

The coat is predominantly white, with large well-marked orange-red spots on the body. The rule Kooiker accepts small marks of this color on the legs, así como la presencia de algunos pelos negros mezclados con el color rojo anaranjado. La cabeza debe tener una línea blanca clara que llegue hasta la nariz.

Sexual dimorphism is moderately marked, the male being slightly larger than the female, that tends to shed more hair during the shedding period.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 38 – 42 cm.
▷ female size: 36 – 40 cm.
▷ Male weight: 10 – 13 kg.
▷ female weight: 9 – 12 kg.

Character and skills

The Kooikerhondje It is a loyal dog, very attached to his family, from which he does not like to part. However, they are not effusive and prefer to stay quietly by their master's side rather than jump up to show their attachment. You also need a quiet environment, and does not bear stress well: las fiestas o las disputas frecuentes correrían el riesgo de perturbarle de forma duradera.

Logically, not a recommended breed of dog for young children, ya que los llantos de un bebé o los caprichos de un niño pequeño difícilmente son de su gusto. They are much better suited to a family that shares their calm and relaxed approach to life..

They are quite suspicious of people they do not know, but they quickly accept those who pay them a little attention, especially if they take the trouble to offer them a reward.

Although it accepts other dogs of a similar character, no busca especialmente la compañía de otros perros. Regarding coexistence with other animals, especially with cats or rodents, puede resultar especialmente difícil por su fuerte instinto de caza. Even if he is able to get along with the household animals he has been raised with, el riesgo de que un día empiece a perseguir al gato de la familia es muy real.

Si su carácter plácido podría hacerlo apto para las personas mayores, he forgets a bit quickly that he is also very active, necesitando al menos dos horas de ejercicio al día. Having said that, he is not very demanding with what he does, y es tan probable que acompañe a su dueño en un largo y tranquilo paseo como que juegue a perseguir una pelota con los niños en el jardín o a buscarla. However, prefers water activities: to swim, jumping into the water or just playing in a pond are activities that make this water-loving dog happy, since he was originally bred to work on the canals.

If you can live in an apartment as long as your daily need for activity is met, the Kooikerhondje prefiere en gran medida tener un jardín en el que retozar. However, you need to make sure the space is well fenced because, even if I do not have a special predisposition to flee, his hunting instinct is likely to push him to run after all the animals in the region and, Therefore, to move away from your residence.

In any case, although it is generally calm, pueden surgir problemas si no tiene la oportunidad de gastar su energía y se le deja solo con demasiada frecuencia. In particular, the owner may face inopportune barking and / or destructive dog behavior.

Smart and attentive, to the Kooikerhondje he likes to be stimulated intellectually; they especially like obedience exercises or learning new tricks. However, your intelligence is a double-edged sword, as they quickly pick up on any hesitation on the part of their master, and they can decide to assume the leadership of the family pack. Therefore, It is a breed reserved for a master who already has experience, in addition to being able to provide you with the stable environment you need.

Education

Like all dogs, the Kooiker needs to be socialized from a young age to get used to people, places, noises, smells… that you will know during your life. It is especially advisable to introduce the small animals that share your home as soon as possible, to minimize the risk of lawsuits or even accidents once you are an adult.

The Kooikerhondje, very sensible, reacts poorly to stressful situations and can be traumatized by traditional training methods. Therefore, their training should be based on positive reinforcement: the compliments, accompanied by caresses and some sweets, they work much better than reprimands. However, your teacher must stand firm and consistent, para no confundirlo y hacerle perder la confianza en la capacidad de su líder para dirigir.

It is important that all family members are involved in their education, to assimilate and accept your authority.

Active, smart and eager to please, the Kooikerhondje es un alumno ideal para los ejercicios de obediencia así como para el aprendizaje de diferentes deportes caninos: flyball, agility, dogs-cross…

Health

The Kooiker has a small gene pool and, Therefore, is prone to many life-threatening genetic diseases. Fortunately, the work of selecting the breeders responsible for Kooiker has resulted in the practical elimination of these risks today.

These diseases with which the breed has often been associated are:

  • The von Willebrand disease, which causes blood clotting problems and can lead to death from bleeding. Widespread DNA testing since the years 90 make that today we hardly find more affected subjects;
  • Mielopatía necrotizante hereditaria, a neurological problem that affects the spinal cord and causes paralysis. Gracias a una política de cría responsable, now there is less than one case a year worldwide;
  • The hereditary epilepsy, which can cause seizures that range from a few seconds to several minutes. El número de perros afectados está disminuyendo de forma constante, to the point that this disease only affects between 1 and 5 dogs a year;
  • The miositis, o polymositis, es una inflamación crónica de uno o varios músculos que puede provocar síntomas muy diferentes según los músculos afectados. Potentially deadly, this disease is still relatively widespread, affecting about the 1% of the population;
  • The waterfall, an opaque filter in the eyes that can cause blindness in dogs, that has been practically eliminated;
  • The patellar dislocation moderate, which is disabling but not dangerous, y es con mucho la afección más común. In fact, almost the 15% of the breed representatives are affected.
  • Another risk to the health of the Dutch for "small cager dog" is obesity, so the owner should regularly check that the dog is not overweight, in addition to giving him enough exercise.

    Last, like all breeds of dogs with hanging ears, tienen un mayor riesgo de sufrir infecciones de oído.

    Life expectancy

    12 a 14 years

    Grooming

    The Kooikerhondje it is a low maintenance breed of dog. A quick weekly brushing is more than enough to keep the coat healthy. However, during the shedding periods in spring and fall, brushing more frequently is recommended to remove dead hair.

    Bathing your dog is seldom necessary. In any case, you should not bathe your dog more than twice a year, so as not to damage your skin. On the other hand, después de que el Kooikerhondje have fun in a pool, in the sea or in a doubtful-looking pond, it is advisable to rinse it with fresh water to remove any traces of chlorine, shall, algae or bacteria.

    On the other hand, it is advisable to take advantage of the weekly brushing session to check the eyes, teeth and, above all, the dog's ears, to ensure that there is no dirt that could cause the start of an infection or otitis.

    Last, the claws of Kooikerhondje are tough and grow relatively quickly: natural wear and tear is often not enough, and then you have to trim them manually when they have become too long.

    Utility

    Historically used for duck hunting in the canals of the Netherlands, the Kooiker es hoy en día principalmente una mascota.

    His high level of activity and intelligence also allow him to obtain excellent results in dog sports competitions, and a patient and dedicated trainer can turn you into a flyball or agility champion.

    Characteristics "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

    Photos:

    1 – Kooikerhondje by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kooikerhondje-kooiker-3917568/
    2 – Kooikerhondje by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kooikerhondje-mascotas-4744089/
    3 – Dutch Decoy Dog puppy by Jeroenzwaan, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – KOOIKERHONDJE PUPPY by https://pixy.org/4695950/
    5 – Kooikerhondje by Burner83 / from wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Kooiker – petsadviser.com by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

    Kooiker – 16 weeks – MOOS
    Carino in der Hundeschule

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASIFICACIÓN FCI:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


      • FCI breed standard "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

        FCIFCI - Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)
        Spaniel

        Alternative names:

          1. Kooiker, Dutch Spanie (English).
          2. Petit chien hollandais de chasse au gibier d’eau (French).
          3. Kooikerhondje (German).
          4. (em neerlandês: Kooikerhondje) (Portuguese).
          5. Kooikerhondje, Pequeño Perro Holandés para la caza acuática (español).

    Welsh Springer Spaniel
    Gran Bretañaa Gales- FCI 126 . Flushing Dogs

    Welsh Springer Spaniel

    The Welsh Springer Spaniel tends to be quite shy, and for that reason he needs a good socialization when he is a puppy.

    Content

    History

    Se sabe poco sobre los orígenes del Welsh Springer Spaniel, but it is considered a very old breed, whose ancestors date back to Roman Britain. Renaissance tapestries show spaniels that look a lot like today's Welsh Springer; similar red and white Spaniels appear in some 18th century portraits. In the 19th century, dogs were little known, except in the Neath Valley region, in south wales.

    The preponderance of dog shows at the end of the 19th century led to a renewed interest in the breed, who made his appearance at the first Kennel Club show, held in 1873. It was judged alongside the black and white Spaniel and the Welsh Springer Spaniel white. With the time, the two races parted.

    For a long time he was mistaken for the English Cocker Spaniel and was not recognized until 1902.

    It is an ancient race of pure origin, which was used for a time as a herding dog. Thanks to its enormous adaptability, the Welsh Springer Spaniel It is also an excellent companion dog..

    The American Kennel Club recognized the Welsh Springer in 1906, but few people were interested in race. At the end of the Second World War, prácticamente no existían en Estados Unidos, until they were imported 11 copies in 1949. A dozen years later, the Welsh Springer Spaniel Club of America was founded. In the news, the Welsh Springer Spaniel still a well kept secret, since it occupies the position 127 between breeds registered by the AKC, in front of 113 a decade.

    Photo: Welsh Springer Spaniel, Pozlovice by Pavel Ševela, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Welsh Springer Spaniel differs from his cousin, the English Springer Spaniel, by a flowing red and white coat, a somewhat more relaxed personality and a slightly smaller size that ranges between 15 and 20 Kg.

    With its moderate size, can be a good option for households with children: the Welsh Springer Spaniel not big enough to accidentally harm little ones, and he's not small enough to risk being hurt by overly enthusiastic kids.

    Size and weight

    ▷ Male size: 45 – 48 cm.
    ▷ female size: 43 – 47 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 15 – 20 kg
    ▷ female weight: 16 – 20 kg

    Character and skills

    The Welsh Springer Spaniel is loving, Intelligent, quick to learn and usually good at remembering what you have learned. Compared to many other Spaniels, he is protector of his family and his property, and prone to barking at anything that catches his eye. The Welsh Springer Spaniel can become very attached to his people, but a second dog can help you give an additional outlet to your affection.

    However, with strangers, tends to be a reserved dog. No tiende a ser tímido o antipático, but it takes time to get comfortable with new people. Children and other pets see your friendly side, especialmente cuando se cría con ellos. But keep in mind that a Welsh Springer Spaniel boisterous may unintentionally knock over a young child, así que supervise siempre el juego con los niños pequeños.

    In the countryside, the Welsh Springer Spaniel he is a great worker able to function in any terrain, y está más que feliz de estar al aire libre todo el día, always staying close to his hunter. Its olfactory ability is excellent and it can hunt any type of game. If you live with a non-hunter family, two or three long walks a day will also satisfy your exercise needs.

    Regarding training, opt for accolades, not by force. Although it may be stubborn, the Welsh Springer Spaniel responds well to constant training and rewards. Planee empezar a entrenar a su cachorro el día que lo traiga a casa. It is able to absorb everything you teach it even at seven to eight weeks of age.. One Welsh Springer Spaniel young man will test him to see what he can do, así que intente llevarlo a la clase de jardín de infancia para cachorros cuando tenga 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, note that many puppy training classes require that certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, y muchos veterinarios recomiendan limitar la exposición a otros perros y a lugares públicos hasta que se hayan completado las vacunas de los cachorros (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus). Instead of formal training, you can start house training your puppy and socialize with family and friends until puppy vaccinations are completed.

    Health

    The Welsh Springer Spaniel are predisposed to some diseases, such as hip and elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism and eye diseases such as entropion, glaucoma, progressive retinal atrophy and inherited cataracts.

    Not all of these diseases are detectable in a growing puppy, y puede ser difícil predecir si un animal estará libre de estos males, so you should find a trusted breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Debería poder presentar un certificado independiente de que los padres del perro (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

    Los criadores cuidadosos examinan a sus perros en busca de enfermedades genéticas y sólo crían a los ejemplares de mejor aspecto, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy can develop one of these diseases. In most cases, can still have a good life, thanks to advances in veterinary medicine. Y recuerde que usted tiene el poder de proteger a su Welsh Springer Spaniel one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping it at a suitable weight is a simple way to extend the life of your pet.

    Life expectancy:

    12 a 15 years.

    Grooming

    The Welsh Springer Spaniel has a smooth, silky coat that needs to be brushed and combed at least twice a week - and every time he returns from hunting- to avoid entanglement. Las mejores herramientas para esta tarea son un cepillo de púas y un peine de acero inoxidable. Brush the fur on the paws, the body and ears with the brush to remove dead hairs and use the comb for the rest of the body. You should also ask your breeder to show you how to do detailed trimming with razor and scissors to achieve a neat look..

    The rest is basic care: Trim nails as needed, usually every one to two weeks. And keep your ears clean and dry, especially if your Welsh Springer Spaniel is a swimmer. Cepille los dientes con frecuencia con un dentífrico para mascotas aprobado por el veterinario para que tenga una buena salud general y un aliento fresco.

    Characteristics "Welsh Springer Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Welsh Springer Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Welsh Springer Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – Welsh Springer Spaniel by Siri, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Our Welsh Springer Spaniel “One more time” (Sassa) from the Trigger kennel in Scania, Suecia by Local_Profile, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Welsh Springer Spaniel by https://pixy.org/161994/
    4 – Welsh Springer Spaniel, with 8 meses by echnoview
    5 – Welsh Springer Spaniel by Siri Spjelkavik, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Welsh Springer Spaniel by Wikipedia

    Videos "Welsh Springer Spaniel"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Welsh Springer Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - Welsh Springer Spaniel
    Springer

    Alternative names:

      1. Welsh Springer, Welsh Starter, Welshie (English).
      2. Springer Gallois (French).
      3. Welsh Springer Spaniel (German).
      4. (em inglês: Welsh Springer Spaniel) (Portuguese).
      5. Springer Galés (español).

    English Springer Spaniel
    Inglaterra FCI 125 . Flushing Dogs

    The English Springer Spaniel it is the oldest of all British hunting dogs.

    Content

    History

    The English Springer Spaniel is a distant descendant of dogs Spaniel type who arrived from Spain to the British Isles more than 1.500 years.

    Already in 1576, the Dr. John Caius describió a los descendientes de estos perros procedentes de la Península Ibérica en su Treaty of English Dogs, but it wasn't until 1801 and Cynographia Britannica de Sydenham Edwards, naturalist and illustrator, when a distinction was made between Cockers smaller and Springers Taller.

    However, las camadas solían ser una mezcla de ambos tipos, and the difference in names was simply based on the size. Both types were used to hunt game birds; su trabajo consistía en detectar y hacer salir al animal, which was then caught in a net, shot with a bow or, sometimes, captured by a specially trained hawk. Los nombres actuales de las razas derivan de estas cacerías: the Cockers excelled in hunting woodcock, While the English Springer Spaniel sobresalían en encontrar, make the game birds fly and collect the prey for the armed hunter.

    In the 19th century, breeders began to select dogs, de modo que las líneas de perros diferían de una región a otra. The most imposing dogs were found in the region of Norfolk and they took the name of Norfolk Spaniel about 1850. This was the name by which all the greats were shown Spaniels at dog shows.

    This changed in 1902, When the Kennel Club (KC), Britain's leading organization, recognized the English Springer Spaniel as an independent race. It was given its own standard, very different from other similar looking dogs, y el programa de cría se hizo más estricto.

    Only eight years later, in 1910, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The reputation of the breed grew considerably in North America from the decade of 1920. In 1932, was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC), la otra organización líder en Estados Unidos. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) followed him in 1954. In the news, the English Springer Spaniel is accepted by all major canine organizations, including Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

    With a little less than 10.000 registrations per year in the CKC, the English Springer Spaniel is still one of the 10 Britain's most popular dog breeds. However, has been in decline since the early 1990s 2010, cuando nacían casi 13.000 each year.

    The trend is much more stable in France, where some 1.700 births in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) since the early years of the 21st century. Esta cifra se había duplicado anteriormente en apenas una década, since at the beginning of the years 90 it was rather around the 800, and even below 500 in the early 80.

    The same stability is found in the United States, where it has fluctuated, at least since the beginning of the 21st century, between the post 25 and the 30 AKC Breed Classification, basada en el número de inscripciones anuales en la organización. El UKC también elabora una clasificación basada en el número de nacimientos que se le comunican, in which it is among the 20 first.

    Photo: An eight year-old, male, liver and white English Springer Spaniel named by Xandercary, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The English Springer Spaniel has a compact and harmonious appearance. However, existe una diferencia real en cuanto a la morfología entre los individuos de las líneas destinadas a las exposiciones caninas y aquellos cuya especialidad es la caza y las pruebas de campo: the former are much more massive than the latter

    In both cases, the English Springer Spaniel he is tall on legs, so much so that it is the tallest of the Spaniels of British origin. Her body, slightly rectangular, muscular and symmetrical, exudes power and agility. The legs are muscular and of solid bones, and end in round, compact legs.

    The tail has fringes, it is short and very mobile. It has long been docked to avoid hunting accidents, pero ahora el atraque está prohibido en la mayoría de los países.

    The head of the English Springer Spaniel it is quite wide, with a well-proportioned muzzle and well-developed nostrils. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, with a lively and soft expression. They must be dark hazel in color, but a light color is also possible, although it is considered a fault. The ears are long, wide and lobed. They fall back along the head and have attractive fringes.

    The undercoat is short, smooth and dense, while the top layer is longer, smooth and closed. The set is made to withstand inclement weather, pero también le protege de las diversas espinas y ramitas que podrían herirle en la maleza. Los individuos de las líneas de trabajo tienen sin embargo en general un pelo más corto que los de las líneas de belleza-

    Su pelaje es blanco y negro o hígado y blanco, and may have tan markings. Also in this case there is a certain divergence between show dogs and those intended to be pets or hunting dogs., since the fur of the former has more marked colors.

    Last, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males are only slightly larger and heavier than females.

    Size and weight
      ▷ Male size: 48 – 51 cm.
      ▷ female size: 48 – 49 cm.
      ▷ Male weight: 18 – 22 kg
      ▷ female weight: 18 – 19 kg

    Varieties:

    From the age 40, the breeders of English Springer Spaniel han tendido a distinguir entre las líneas destinadas a las exposiciones caninas y las destinadas a la caza o a la compañía.

    In effect, when it became apparent that the individuals who stood out on beauty pageant podiums and those who won job tests were never the same, this led some breeders to specialize, seleccionando sus reproductores bien por su estética o por sus aptitudes físicas.

    In fact, individuals destined for podiums are generally more massive, have stronger colors and less need to strain. However, no official organization considers them a variety in their own right: ningún estándar distingue entre perros de exposición y perros de trabajo.

    Character and skills

    The English Springer Spaniel es increíblemente sociable, open and loving. Les encanta la compañía de los humanos en general, and his family in particular. If left alone for a long time, may suffer from separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior and incessant barking.

    On the other hand, puede expresar su alegría al ver a su amo regresar orinando en la alfombra. To get rid of this bad habit, it is necessary to avoid that the return home is an event. Therefore, it is advisable not to pay immediate attention to the dog, but take a few minutes to take off your shoes, hang up the coat, keep the keys… encouraging you to wait without undue excitement.

    If you bark when a person approaches, generally it is less to warn him than to invite him to come and pet him and play with him. Therefore, can play the role of a warning dog, because he is listened to in every visit, but certainly not that of a guard dog that drives malicious people back. Welcomes both adults and children, con los que puede pasar horas corriendo y jugando en el jardín. However, it is important to remember that, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child, even though i have known him for years; all interactions must be under adult supervision.

    His sociable character also extends to his fellow men, although some signs of aggressiveness may appear, especially between individuals of the same sex. Living with cats and rodents is also usually without problems, but the same cannot be said for birds. Cualquiera que adopte a este perro mientras tiene gallinas o patos en el jardín entenderá rápidamente por qué sus dotes de cazador son unánimemente reconocidas

    To feel good and show the full range of your interpersonal skills, the English Springer Spaniel need to be able to exercise. Una hora de ejercicio físico intenso (footing, juegos…) is necessary for your well-being, and appreciates taking long walks of several hours from time to time. It is, because, from a perfectly adapted companion for a person who wants to regularly take their dog for a walk. On the other hand, your outings in an urban environment should always be done on a leash, to prevent him from rushing after all the pigeons and birds he finds. During long walks in nature, it is better to let it evolve freely so that it can fully enjoy, but then it is wise to equip him with a GPS collar to be able to locate him at any time, for example if you wander off in search of woodcocks or other game.

    Although they have a reputation for being less active, los perros de las líneas de exposición también deben hacer ejercicio durante un mínimo de una hora al día.

    As long as its owner is active and takes it out enough, can live in an apartment, even if it is not ideal for him: es mejor que tenga acceso a un jardín. Es mejor que tenga acceso a un jardín, pero éste debe estar bien vallado para evitar que se escape si ve pájaros o sigue a un transeúnte amable que le da alguna golosina. In any case, no debe pasar la mayor parte del tiempo solo en el jardín: its place is inside, with his family.
    What's more, el ejercicio físico no es suficiente para que esté equilibrado: you also have to stimulate it mentally, especially because he is very intelligent and has a desire to learn just as great. If these qualities are not stimulated, you are likely to get bored, and then he can find something to do biting his master's shoes, tirando cosas o cavando en el jardín.

    Los deportes para perros son una forma estupenda de mantenerlo ocupado tanto física como mentalmente. Any activity works, but they are especially good at obedience competitions, rastreo y búsqueda.

    Last, although some individuals never give voice to their dogs, the English Springer Spaniel tends to bark quite frequently. They do it to signal the approach of a person or to greet him, to warn of boredom or simply to attract attention. If this trend is not stopped at an early age, can cause problems with neighbors.

    Education

    Like any dog, the English Springer Spaniel must be socialized from the first weeks of life. If you don't have the opportunity to meet different people, to meet other animals and to face all kinds of situations, corre el riesgo de volverse tímido o, on the other hand, to develop some aggressiveness.

    It is also necessary to get used to walking on a leash as soon as possible, así como enseñarle a no ladrar de forma intempestiva. If their masters are absent often or for a long time, they should also help you understand that you can spend several hours alone without worrying, because his family will always return to him.

    With his above-average intelligence and willingness to do anything to please, the English Springer Spaniel is capable of achieving wonders, even under the guidance of a novice trainer. Like this, beyond the basic teachings, his thirst for learning allows him to assimilate many tricks. However, you have to be patient and be constant, as with any dog, and know how to detect when he starts to get bored to stop the session or move on to something else.

    In any case, traditional training methods are not at all suitable for this emotional dog, who has unlimited trust in humans, ya que podrían traumatizarlo. Better to use positive reinforcement, that allows you to learn while having fun and takes advantage of your natural sociability.

    Health

    The English Springer Spaniel is generally quite robust and has a good life expectancy, to the point that many representatives of the breed reach the 15 years.

    Originally from Great Britain, the English Springer Spaniel has a waterproof coat that is not affected by the weather. Su subpelo es más o menos denso según el clima de la región en la que viven, y son igualmente resistentes al frío y al calor. However, they do not like extremes and should be able to shelter in the shade when it is hot, and have a cozy place to stay when the temperature drops.

    Given its popularity around the world for more than a century, no wonder so many different diseases have been recorded in this dog. The most frequent problems are :

    • The Hip Dysplasia, a malformation in the joint that is usually inherited and can cause locomotor difficulties. Genetic testing can greatly reduce risk;
    • Patellar luxation (or dislocation of the patella), when the kneecap moves out of position, causing a limp. It can be congenital or occur after an impact;
    • Progressive retinal atrophy, leading to retinal degeneration and total loss of vision. This disease appears to be increasing in the breed's population, although it is still rare;
    • The retinal dysplasia, a congenital malformation of the retina that, In most cases, does not affect vision;
    • The entropion, when the eyelid folds over the eye and causes irritation. Este problema puede corregirse mediante una sencilla intervención quirúrgica;
    • Phosphofructokinase deficiency, an enzyme responsible for the assimilation of glucose in the blood, that usually has no consequences and is often undetected. However, in severe cases, can lead to muscle loss, fever and hyperventilation;
    • Skin problems, either hereditary or due to an allergy.

    Other rare diseases have been reported in some individuals, like autoimmune diseases, the fucosidosis canina y el muy raro y sorprendente síndrome de la rabia (not to be confused with rabies disease), cuando un perro pacífico se ve repentinamente embargado por un ataque de hyperagression for no apparent reason.

    What's more, dogs used for hunting are more prone to accidents, lesions and parasites than other dogs.

    However, do not be fooled by the long list of diseases that can affect a English Springer Spaniel, la mayoría de las cuales son muy raras. A study conducted by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association in 2004 about almost 100 breed deaths showed that the main causes of death in this breed are various forms of cancer and advanced age.

    In any case, adopt from a breeder of English Springer Spaniel serious and responsible maximizes the chances of getting a healthy puppy, above all thanks to the tests that the animal or its parents will continue to carry out to ensure the absence of congenital or hereditary diseases -or susceptible to being so- like dysplasia, for example. The professional must also provide a certificate from a veterinarian who has examined the puppy and certifies that it is in good health., así como los datos de las vacunas administradas, registered in your health or vaccination card.

    However, There is no use adopting a healthy puppy if you do not do what is necessary to keep it healthy, especially through appropriate preventive actions. One of the points to pay more attention in this matter is your ears: like any dog ​​with hanging ears, has a higher risk of infections at this level.

    Regular vet visits are another essential part of prevention. Deben programarse al menos una vez al año para detectar los inicios de un posible problema de salud y para asegurarse de que su perro está al día en sus vacunas.

    Life expectancy

    Of 12 a 14 years

    Grooming

    The maintenance of the coat of the English Springer Spaniel is simple, but it takes some effort. In fact, molts throughout the year, and it should be brushed once or twice a week to keep its coat in good condition. During spring and fall molts, it is even necessary to brush it daily to remove excess dead hair.

    What's more, as his fur is quite tight, does not hesitate to get into the puddles, por lo que puede ser útil bañarlo después de una excursión de caza o de una salida al bosque especialmente embarrada, to prevent it from getting dirty and / or smells bad. Entonces hay que tener cuidado de utilizar un champú suave específicamente concebido para los perros, at the risk of damaging your skin.

    In general, It is also strongly recommended that you get into the habit of thoroughly inspecting your dog every time you spend long hours outdoors, either during a hunting day or a long excursion. This allows any injury to be detected immediately, spoilage or parasites, and act accordingly.

    What's more, although he doesn't really tend to drool, not a very clean diner, mostly because it turns out that her long ears get soaked in her bowl. Therefore, it is advisable to get in the habit of wiping your face with a towel after every meal.

    Sus orejas caídas merecen especial atención, ya que esta característica morfológica hace que la humedad y la suciedad se acumulen fácilmente en ellas, with an increased risk of infection. Therefore, should be examined and washed at least once a week.

    Take advantage to check that the eyes are clean, y limpiarlos con un paño húmedo si no lo están.

    Your weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush your teeth, to prevent the formation of dental plaque. Plaque can cause bad breath, tooth decay and other oral diseases. Ideally, do it more often..

    Last, even if your activity level makes natural wear and tear is enough to file your nails, it is advisable to take a look at them every 4 or 6 weeks to make sure they're not too long. Yes they are, podrían estorbarle al caminar, or even break and hurt you, por lo que deben recortarse manualmente con un cortaúñas para perros. The first time, it may be a good idea to do this under the eye of a vet or groomer to make sure you are doing it right.

    Utility

    The English Springer Spaniel was developed for hunting, especially birds (mainly the woodcock), and it must be admitted that he continues to excel in the location and the fright of the hunt, and then return it to the hunter once he has killed it. Todavía se utilizan para cazar en todo el mundo, tracking both small game birds and small game animals.

    También son excelentes perros de compañía, loyal and loving, suitable for a home active enough to satisfy your need for plenty of exercise.

    His propensity to bark also makes him a good alert dog.. However, as it does more to welcome intruders (or even to be happy if they give him some goodies) that to repel them, he's a poor guard dog.

    When not used for hunting, las cualidades físicas y mentales del English Springer Spaniel can be admired at dog sports competitions. They tend to excel in disciplines such as flyball, obedience, agility, crawl and crawl.

    They have long been used in law enforcement and the military, and are currently used in Great Britain, United States, Canada, Sweden and Finland. In fact, his excellent sense of smell makes him a very good dog at detecting explosives, drugs, but also illegal immigrants at the borders.

    También es frecuente encontrarlos como perros de rescate y búsqueda de víctimas de accidentes, either in the mountains or in urban areas.

    Last, su cercanía a los humanos y su carácter sociable también lo convierten en un muy buen perro de terapia, sometimes found in hospitals and nursing homes.

    Price "English Springer Spaniel"

    The price of a puppy English Springer Spaniel is of some 800 EUR, without much difference in price between males and females. This average hides a range of values ​​that go from about 500 euros para los ejemplares con características alejadas del estándar hasta aproximadamente el doble para los que tienen una ascendencia prestigiosa y están destinados a las exposiciones caninas.

    El precio varía en función de la reputación del criador, the prestige of the lineage from which the animal comes, pero también y sobre todo de sus características físicas intrínsecas.

    Characteristics "English Springer Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Springer Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "English Springer Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – English Springer Spaniel by Heinz Höfling, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Coffee, English-Springer-Spaniel, 8 Months by photo taken by Heinz Höfling [User:Hhoefling], CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – A black English Springer Spaniel named Oliver. by racermd5, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – English Springer Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/hund-englisch-springer-spaniel-317039/
    5 – Mimi, English Springer Spaniel by Pedro Lopez
    6 – Tallinn, Estonia, duo CACIB 2013 August 17-18 by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "English Springer Spaniel"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASIFICACIÓN FCI:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "English Springer Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - English Springer Spaniel
    Springer

    Alternative names:

      1. Springer Spaniel (English).
      2. English Springer Spaniel (French).
      3. English Springer Spaniel (German).
      4. (em inglês: English Springer Spaniel) (Portuguese).
      5. (en inglés English Springer Spaniel) (español).

    German Spaniel
    Alemania FCI 104 . Flushing Dogs

    German Spaniel

    The German Spaniel it is very appreciated especially for hunting.

    Content

    History

    El estudio de la historia de la caza nos enseña que hace siglos ya existían perros de caza muy similares al actual German Spaniel. At that time they were used to hunt.

    La cría de la raza controlada en un libro genealógico comenzó a principios del siglo XX, with a few suitable bitches. The first representative of the German Spaniel was Mr. Augusta 1834 L, a Staufenberg dog in Upper Bavaria.

    Al principio sólo había perros marrones con marcas blancas parciales y perros con marcas blancas. Este último tenía pequeñas manchas rojas en la cabeza y las extremidades, calls “fire marks”. It was the bitch Baby auf de Schanze 1838 L the one that introduced the roan in the race. Rudolf Friess, un aficionado a los perros que durante décadas tuvo una gran influencia en la cría del German Spaniel, introdujo la cría por separado de las variedades marrón y ruana.

    A pesar de la estrecha base de cría inicial, put in place an essential requirement to avoid damage due to inbreeding through selective mating. The separation of the two colors is also justified by a certain disparity in the natural qualities of the German Spaniel. Chestnut trees were easier to drive over short distances and more persistent on the track, mientras que los ruanos tenían una penetración muy desarrollada en las distancias largas.

    Estos distintos dones naturales ya no son un criterio diferencial fiable hoy en día, since in the meantime, for many reasons, there have been repeated crosses between the two color varieties. However, in principle, the separation still maintains a certain reserve of unrelated blood within the race today.

    The German Spaniel it is and continues to be bred by hunters and for hunters as a hunting dog with great versatility.

    Photo: “German Spaniel” by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/wachtelhund-jagdhund-st%C3%B6berhund-4604508/

    Physical characteristics

    The German Spaniel it is a medium sized hunting dog, longhair, very muscular, with a noble head and strong bones. In general, they are longer than they are tall, but they should never give the impression of being tall.

    Lively and very passionate about hunting, amistoso y seguro de sí mismo en su entorno natural, very docile and very adaptable; ni tímido ni agresivo.

    The German Spaniel in some points:

    – Has a well developed piercing,

    – follow the path of hunting big and small with will and perseverance,

    – give voice without hesitation,

    – has a fine nose,

    – he likes rapport and water,

    – has a bite for hunting and vermin,

    – Trained and properly managed, hunt without deviating from course over long distances; funciona como Sabueso y en la búsqueda de piezas perdidas; is a versatile hunting dog for tracking and hunting in ditches, heavily wooded areas and in the water. Desde el inicio de la cría vigilada, the ability to stop has not been taken into account.

    The coat is strong, glued, mostly wavy, occasionally also curly (Astrakhan), or long, flat with thick undercoat; not too long, especially not fine or silky; on the nape, often curled on the ears and rump; well furnished hindquarters and tail; the presence of a frill around the neck is frequent; the belly is also well provided with hair; muzzle and cranial region have short but tight hair; the ears are covered with curls or tight, wavy hair that extends beyond the edge of the pinna; the interdigital spaces have a tight hair but not too long.

    The “German Spaniel” se cría en dos variedades de color:

    – Solid brown, more rarely also red; often with white or mottled markings on the chest and toes.
    – Brown roan, more rarely also red roan; the background color consists of brown hairs, possibly red, íntimamente mezclados con pelos blancos; often the head is brown, possibly red, with spots or also a mantle that extends all over the back ; this color variety includes variegated coats with a white background and large brown spots, possibly red, also the so-called dogs “Tiger”, in which the white background is also mottled or mottled with small tufts of brown hair, possibly red; estos últimos pueden descender perfectamente de padres monocolores.

    All shades and variations of red are included in this term (red fox, red deer, red deer).

    TAMAÑO Y PESO :

  • Males 48-54 cm.
  • females 45-52 cm.
  • Varía en relación con el tamaño, between some 18 and 25 kg.

    Character and skills

    Robust, brave, can work on all terrains, mainly forests and swamps. Active tracker, bush hunter, screaming on the road, he specializes in hunting small game but also in tracking foxes and large animals. He is a good collector, it is also a trail dog, able to search for wounded game. Loving, is appreciated as a companion. Se muestra seguro de sí mismo en su entorno natural, while being endowed with a great capacity for adaptation.

    No son tímidos ni agresivos, but they need a strong education that starts soon.

    Education

    Kind, affectionate and docile, the German Spaniel has these wonderful predispositions by nature. But with one condition, and not the least. Because this dog needs a lot more exercise, education and activity from the beginning of what a family or active people can offer. Being on the go is not enough. The German Spaniel want more. It can and should do more than just be a family dog. Idleness goes against their nature. Necesita un entrenamiento cualificado como perro de caza que le suponga un reto mental y físico. If you are successful, this passionate hunter will prove to be an obedient and loyal companion.

    Health

    The German Spaniel have a slight predisposition to hip dysplasia. Breeders are very careful not to breed animals with this predisposition. This will greatly reduce this deficiency.

    On the other hand, sus orejas caídas predisponen a este perro a las infecciones de oído (and more for dogs used to getting into the water).

    Grooming

    The coat of the German Spaniel is perfectly adapted to your lifestyle. Dirt doesn't seem to stick to hair, even if he walks through the bushes for hours. A weekly brushing is enough. Él suele decidir cuándo es el momento de bañarse. Showering in summer is a moment of well-being that you enjoy.

    Characteristics "German Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "German Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "German Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – Deutscher Wachtel by Steffen Heinz (Caronna), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4748569/
    3 – German Spaniel by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Deutscher_Wachtel.jpg
    4 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-hund-haustier-5753477/
    5 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4763510/
    6 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4905048/

    Videos "German Spaniel"

    German Spaniel (Deutscher Wachtelhund)
    Training German Spaniel

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers


    FCI breed standard "German Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - German Spaniel
    Perdiguero

    Alternative names:

      1. Deutscher Wachtelhund (German quail dog) (English).
      2. Chien d’oysel (French).
      3. Deutscher Wachtel (German).
      4. (em alemão: Deutscher Wachtelhund) (Portuguese).
      5. Spaniel alemán, (en alemán deutscher wachtelhund) (español).

    Sussex Spaniel
    Inglaterra FCI 127 . Flushing Dogs

    Sussex Spaniel

    The Sussex Spaniel it is a meek and thoughtful dog when it is at rest.

    Content

    History

    The Sussex Spaniel gets its name from the county of England where it was favored as a hunting dog. It comes from the farm of Rosehill Park, where it was developed in the 18th century, and it was already mentioned in 1803 in a magazine called Sportsmen’s Cabinet.

    The Knights of Sussex created a dog adapted to its heavy clay soil, to the dense undergrowth and thick hedges, un perro que podía pasar todo el día y ladrar con tonos de campana para alertar a los cazadores de que estaban en la pista correcta. The dogs were exposed in the dog show of the Crystal Palace in 1862 and they were among the 10 first breeds admitted to the registry of the American Kennel Club in 1884.

    Because they were primarily confined to the county of Sussex, the Sussex Spaniel they were necessarily inbred, con sólo una cría ocasional con el Field Spaniel to bring new blood. With the passage of time, the hunters developed new interests and the Sussex stayed on the road. Podría haberse perdido en la historia, like so many other dogs, but the breeders Moses Woolland y Campbell Newington intervened to bring them off the brink of extinction and even improved. The breed again faced extinction during WWII, but it was saved thanks to the efforts of the breeder Joy Scholefield.

    Today the Sussex still weird, but in no danger of disappearing. Occupies the position 155 between breeds registered by the AKC.

    Physical characteristics

    The Sussex Spaniel It is a short dog with a compact and rectangular body and a weight between 16 and 20 kg. It stands out for the color of its fur, un hígado dorado intenso, and for his big sad hazel eyes, tan típicos de la familia de los Spaniel. Historically, However, there have also been examples of Sussex black, black and tan, y de color hígado dorado y blanco.

    The fur is thick (sometimes with a slight wave), with fringes on the chest, legs and ears and consists of a weather-resistant underlay, the outside being silky.

    The long, silky ears are lobe-shaped, típicas del Spaniel, and are moderately low

    In the countryside, it's slow but steady, making his way through the thick canopy to make the birds disappear and retrieve for a hunter on foot.

    Character and skills

    Appearances can be deceptive when it comes to the Sussex Spaniel. Bajo una expresión sombría y seria se esconde un perro amistoso y alegre con un carácter plácido. Loves being around people and joins any activity with controlled enthusiasm. More than many Spaniels, the Sussex has a protective character, always keeping her big sad eyes on her family to make sure all is well. She loves the children, and his calm demeanor makes him an excellent therapy dog.

    As a hunting dog, the Sussex moves at a slower pace than other sporting dogs, but that doesn't mean i'm lazy or i don't need a lot of exercise. Not much less. Le encanta cazar y tiene mucha energía y resistencia. Thanks to its ability to avoid the thicket, it is an excellent companion for walks or excursions, wagging the tail all the time. If you are a bird watcher, will help you find your prey. With its great olfactory capacity, puede que le guste ponerle un título de rastreador o dos.

    It is a very intelligent dog that is not always easy to train. Can be stubborn, but his soft Spaniel nature can make him cringe at any correction. Be firm but kind, rewarding the behavior you like with praise, games and goodies. Keep in mind that it matures slowly. You will not be instantly trained, and that includes home training. Se trata de una raza que requiere paciencia para sacar lo mejor de sí misma, por no mencionar el sentido del humor para los momentos en los que se burle de tí o te avergüence, that there will be.

    Empieza a adiestrar a tu cachorro el día que lo lleves a casa. Even with 8 weeks of age, is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Don't wait until he is six months old to start training him, or you will have to deal with a bigger and stubborn dog. If possible, take him to a trainer when he has between 10 and 12 weeks, and socialize him.

    Talk to the breeder, descríbele exactamente lo que buscas en un perro y pídele ayuda para seleccionar un cachorro. Los criadores ven a los cachorros a diario y pueden hacer recomendaciones increíblemente precisas una vez que saben algo sobre su estilo de vida y su personalidad. Regardless of what you want from a Sussex, look for one whose parents have a pleasant personality and who has been well socialized since he was a puppy.

    Education

    He is very smart, but can be stubborn, so it is not always easy to train. Having said that, if the right motivation is found - how to take advantage of your great olfactory capacity- can be taught to Sussex to do almost anything. Train him with positive reinforcement techniques. He especially likes food rewards. Be patient in training. One Sussex, especially the females, it may take a long time to be reliable in this regard.

    The Sussex walks at a slow pace and doesn't require the frantic levels of exercise some other sporting breeds need, but he's not a couch potato either, at least not when he's young. You will enjoy moderate or long walks or hikes, although not the companion of a runner or jogger. Its versatility and athleticism make it suitable for a number of dog sports, like hunting trials, freestyle, obedience, the rally and the crawl. The Sussex easily learn to recover, making it a great playmate for the kid who likes to play ball. Once it reaches maturity, his calm demeanor makes him a natural for therapy work.

    When a Sussex Spaniel se cría con niños, both usually go together like strawberries and cream. However, the puppies of Sussex can be too unruly for families with young children, and Sussex Spaniel adults unfamiliar with children may not feel comfortable with them.

    Como la mayoría de los perros, the Sussex Spaniel get bored when left alone, and the damage they can do is considerable. Do not give them control of the house until they have reached trustworthy maturity.. Cubs Sussex tend to develop slowly, so they may not reach maturity until 2 or 3 years of age. And keep your Sussex busy with training experiences, play and socialization. One Sussex boring is a Sussex destructive.

    Health

    The Sussex Spaniels they are healthy in general, but some conditions can be worrisome, especially if you are not careful when buying. Entre ellas se encuentran algunos problemas cardíacos, como la cardiomiopatía y la estenosis pulmonar, así como un síndrome de intolerancia al ejercicio llamado deficiencia de piruvato deshidrogenasa (PDH). Hip dysplasia has also been reported, deafness and eye problems (such as entropion and retinal dysplasia). Females may have difficulty giving birth and often require cesarean sections.

    PDH deficiency is present in the 20 percent of Sussex Spaniel, but there is a genetic test to identify normal dogs, carriers and affected. Ask the breeder to show proof that at least one of the puppy's parents is free of PDH deficiency.

    Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation that the parents are free of health problems that affect the breed.. Veterinary examination of dogs is not a substitute for genetic health tests.

    Grooming

    The Sussex has thick fur, smooth or slightly wavy, with fringes on the legs and tail and a nice curl under the neck. The coat can be cared for by brushing it at least once or twice a week to remove tangles or mats and distribute skin oils. Bathe him when necessary. The Sussex changes moderately, and daily brushing will reduce the amount of hair that falls on the floor, the furniture and clothes.

    The rest is basic care. Trim nails when needed and keep hanging ears clean and dry. Good dental hygiene is also important. Cepille los dientes con frecuencia con un dentífrico para mascotas aprobado por los veterinarios para conseguir una buena salud general y un aliento fresco.

    Characteristics "Sussex Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Sussex Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 25 reviews)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Sussex Spaniel"

    Sussex Spaniel
    Sussex_spaniel at the World Dog Show in Poznan by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    Sussex Spaniel
    Grupp 8 SUSSEX SPANIEL, Marquell Replay MyDOG, Nordens största hundevenemang: www.mydog.seby by Svenska Mässan from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Sussex Spaniel"

    Sussex Spaniel / Razas de Perro – Dog Breed
    Bean the Sussex Spaniel wins the 2019 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show Sporting Group | FOX SPORTS

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASIFICACIÓN FCI:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Sussex Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - Sussex Spaniel
    Sussex

    Alternative names:

      1. Sussex (English).
      2. Sussex (French).
      3. Sussex (German).
      4. Spaniel de Sussex (Portuguese).
      5. Sussex (español).

    Field Spaniel
    Inglaterra FCI 123 . Flushing Dogs

    The Field Spaniel It takes its name “field” of its great ability to work in the open field.

    Field Spaniel

    Content

    Characteristics "Field Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Field Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Field Spaniel (Field) is an example of what can go wrong when trying to breed sporting dogs for their looks without considering their use in the field. In the early days of the breed, in the XVIII century, the Spaniels se definían por su tamaño, and it was considered Field Spaniel to any dog ​​that weighed more than 11 kg (25 pounds). The Spaniels más pequeños se conocían como “Cockers”, y ambos tamaños podían nacer en la misma camada. Su pelaje solía ser hígado, hígado y blanco, red, Red and white, yellow or black and white.

    The advent of dog shows in the mid-19th century motivated dog breeders to start considering both appearance and function.. The different was good. Así nació el “Black Spaniel”. That was good, but unfortunately the dogs that were long and short – as the “Sussex Spaniel“- they were popular at dog shows at the time. The breeders began to cross Field Spaniel with “Sussex Spaniels“. How the size of the dogs was so different, the results were disastrous, converting to Field en un perro pesado y poco atractivo que apenas podía moverse. Even so, exaggerated-looking dogs won at shows.

    Finally, people came to their senses and the fashion of Field Spaniel finished. Los perros podrían haberse extinguido, but they were revitalized after World War I through crosses with the “English Springer Spaniel”, that were more suitable for the size of the Field Spaniel. Mediante una cuidadosa cría, their usefulness as hunting dogs was restored, con la capacidad de atravesar la maleza que era demasiado difícil para el “Springer”, y la velocidad de la que carecían elSussex” and the “Clumber“.

    La raza aún no estaba salvada. La Segunda Guerra Mundial puso fin a la cría, and then only a few good dogs were left. In United States, there was no Field Spaniel until the age of 60. The Field Spaniel Society of America was formed in 1978. Los perros siguen siendo poco conocidos hoy en día, but they are no longer in danger of extinction. The Field Spaniel ranks 132 between breeds registered by the AKC.

    Physical characteristics

    The Field Spaniel is closely related to the Cocker Spaniel and the “English Springer Spaniel”. In the beginning, the three races were separated mainly by size. With a weight range of 15 a 22 Kg, the Field Spaniel is bigger than him “Cocker” but smaller than the “Springer“. Además de cazar, competes in field tests and uses his excellent nose in tracking tests. Se trata de una raza poco común, but if you are looking for a solid hunter in addition to a family companion, the Field Spaniel is one of those you should consider.

    Peso y tamaño:

    Females have an approximate size of 43 cm., While the males measure approximately 45 cm.. Its approximate weight varies from 18 – 25 kg.

    Character and skills

    The Field Spaniel tiene los rasgos típicos del Spaniel: sensitivity, affection for his family and willingness to learn. With strangers, is reserved, incluso tímido si no está bien socializado, but their owners will experience a playful and mischievous side. Puede ser ladrador cuando muestra alegría o inquietud.

    Its medium size and docile character can make it a good choice for families with children.. He also gets along well with pets, as cats, if he grew up with them. However, es posible que los pájaros de compañía deban vigilar su cola. Even though i don't hunt, the Field Spaniel he will take every opportunity to hunt birds and will do his best to go after them. Unless you are in an area with no traffic, keep it on a leash or you'll lose it in the chase.

    The Field Spaniel is a dog that needs a job. No es el tipo de perro que se pasa el día comiendo galletas. Take a daily leash walk of at least an hour, llévelo a zonas seguras y sin tráfico donde pueda correr sin correa y apúntelo a deportes caninos como agilidad, obedience, rally and crawl.

    Education

    The Field Spaniel is intelligent and accepts training well. Como la mayoría de los Spaniels, has a mild temperament and responds best to positive reinforcement techniques, like the compliments, the game and the food rewards. Tends to mature slowly, so you must be patient and constant. In the field he has a natural tendency to explore, that can be stopped by teaching commands like “Venz”, “Wait” and “stay”.

    Empiece a adiestrar a su cachorro el día que lo traiga a casa. Incluso con ocho semanas de edad, is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Don't wait for you to have 6 months to start training or you will have to deal with a stubborn dog. If possible, take him to a kennel school for puppies when he is between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes.

    Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, like all people have the potential to inherit diseases. Huya de cualquier criador que no ofrezca una garantía de salud para los cachorros, to tell you that the breed has no known problems or to keep puppies isolated from the main part of the house for health reasons. Un criador reputado será honesto y abierto sobre los problemas de salud de la raza y la incidencia con la que se producen.

    The Field Spaniel They have some health conditions that may be of concern, especially if you are not cautious with breeder selection. Among them are the Hypothyroidism and eye problems such as cataract, progressive retinal atrophy and retinal dysplasia.

    Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation that the parents have been exempted from health issues affecting the breed. Make the dogs are “reviewed by the veterinarian” not a substitute for genetic health testing.

    Los criadores cuidadosos examinan a sus perros de cría en busca de enfermedades genéticas y crían sólo a los ejemplares más sanos y de mejor aspecto, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas. Un cachorro puede desarrollar una de estas enfermedades a pesar de las buenas prácticas de cría. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, In most cases, dogs can still have a good life. If you are getting a puppy, pregunte al criador sobre las edades de los perros de sus líneas y cuáles son las causas más comunes de muerte.

    Remember that after welcoming a new puppy into your home, you have the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping the dog at an adequate weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life. Take advantage of your prevention skills to ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Grooming

    The Field Spaniel has only one coat, that is to say, does not have undercoat. Silky hair is moderately long and can be straight or slightly wavy. The front of the chest, the belly, the back of the legs and the rear are fringed like those seen in breeds “Setter”.

    The coat is not heavy and it is easy to maintain. You have to brush it weekly and comb its fringes a couple of times a week, or whenever the dog has been outside or has twigs or other debris stuck to the hair. Trim the hair between the paw pads and inside the ears. Bathe the dog only when necessary; un cepillado regular debería mantenerlo bastante limpio. The Field Spaniel they molt moderately.

    If you plan to expose your Field Spaniel, ask the breeder for advice on how to present the dog at a dog show. You must have a natural look, but may need a little more razor cleaning, tijeras y cuchillas de peluquería de lo que recibiría un perro de compañía.

    The rest is basic care. Trim nails as needed, usually every few weeks. Yes to your Field Spaniel he likes to swim - and even if he doesn't like- keep hanging ears clean and dry to avoid bacterial or fungal infections. Brush your teeth frequently for general good health and fresh breath.

    Images "Field Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – Field Spaniel by Peter, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – A Grupp 8: FIELD SPANIEL, Winterbourne Itsy Bitsy Spider by Svenska Mässan
    3 – My dog, Lily, after enjoying a smelly romp through a fetid swamp close to home. what a plague. Lily is a Field Spaniel. by Jo-Anna Ghadban, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Daisy – Field Spaniel by Peter, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Field Spaniel In Liver Color by RishiBali, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Field Spaniel The Westminster Kennel Club 137th Annual All Breed Dog Show February 11-12, 2013 New York, NY by Andrea Arden

    Videos "Field Spaniel"

    Field spaniel Molly
    Playing with Jekku
    Valpelek Field Spaniel
    Field Spaniel Bite jumps into water

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Field Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - Field Spaniel
    Field

    Alternative names:

      1. Field (English).
      2. Field (French).
      3. Field (German).
      4. Field (Portuguese).
      5. Field, Spaniel de campo (español).

    American Cocker Spaniel
    USA FCI 167 . Flushing Dogs

    Cocker Spaniel Americano

    The American Cocker Spaniel will go is easy to train, friendly and playful, and loves to splash around in the water.

    Content

    History

    References to “Spanyells” dating from the fourteenth century. Different types of spaniels They evolved over the centuries, some working on collecting land and other water birds. the Cocker, hunting and hunting under the command retrieves, It derives its name from his skill in hunting woodcock, a type of wader.

    The spaniels solían ser clasificados por tamaño, and different types of spaniels podían nacer en la misma camada. Eventually, The different types of spanieles They became individual races, y así fue con el Cocker. Para 1946 the size and appearance of the Cocker and what is now the English Cocker Spaniel habían cambiado lo suficiente como para que los dos se dividieran en razas separadas.

    The popularity of the Cocker se disparó después del lanzamiento de la clásica película de Disney “The Lady and the Tramp” in 1955. The immense popularity fueled an increase in bad parenting that resulted in some bad temperaments, but the breeders American Cocker Spaniel They have worked hard to correct the situation. However, todavía es importante hoy en día encontrar un criador responsable que mantenga la alegre disposición del sello de la raza en lugar de seguir sacando a los temerosos y bruscos perros que casi arruinaron la raza.

    Until 1990, the American Cocker Spaniel It was the most popular breed registered by the American Kennel Club. Today it is ranked 25, but you will always have a place among people who appreciate its moderate size, sweet nature and intelligence.

    Physical characteristics

    The American Cocker Spaniel It is the smallest member of the sporting dogs hunting. His body is strong, compact, delicately modeled head and refined. As a whole, It is a dog well balanced and ideal size. Well shoulders upright on a straight forelegs, su línea superior desciende ligeramente hacia unos cuartos posteriores fuertes, muscled and moderately angulated. A dog is able to develop a considerable speed, combined with a lot of resistance. Above all, It must be a brash and cheerful dog, healthy and well balanced in all its parts; vehement action shows inclination towards work. Un perro bien equilibrado en todas sus partes es más deseable que un perro con buenas características y defectos que contrastan fuertemente.

    The females weigh on average 9 a 12 kg and have a size of 34 a 36 cm., While males weigh in 10 a 13 kg and measure of 37 a 39 cm..

    Character and skills

    Cheerful and lively, the American Cocker Spaniel It's also smart and confident. Aunque todavía conserva un fuerte instinto de caza, It is often a housemate. With her family is loving and docile. It may be a bit reserved at the beginning with strangers, but soon makes friends. Cockers can be good companions for children. Cuando se crían juntos, They can make friends with other pets, including cats, but birds can be an irresistible lure – and not in a good way.

    The Cocker It is highly trainable, but it has a sensitive soul. La socialización temprana es crítica, and even with it some Cockers submissively urinate when your people get home or when they meet new people or dogs or go to new places. Focused training with positive reinforcement methods, especially praise and food rewards.

    The Cocker It can be good in the field tests and as a hunting dog, although for years he thought of it as “only” a companion. One Cocker It is versatile and can do much more than walk around the house, but he is happy to do it because you love being with you.

    any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavations and other undesirable behavior if you are bored, He is not trained or are unsupervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence. In the case of the Cocker, years “adolescence” comienzan a los seis meses y continúan hasta que el perro tiene un año de edad. Barking can be a problem unless the frenes.

    Empieza a entrenar a tu cachorro el día que lo traigas a casa. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach. No esperes hasta que tenga 6 months to start training him or you'll have to deal with a more stubborn dog. If possible, llévelo a la clase del jardín de infancia para cachorros cuando tenga entre 10 and 12 weeks, y socialize, socialize, socialize.

    However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccinations (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

    Talk to the breeder, It describes exactly what you are looking for a dog and asks for help to select a puppy. Los criadores ven a los cachorros diariamente y pueden hacer recomendaciones increíblemente precisas una vez que sepan algo sobre su estilo de vida y personalidad.

    The American Cocker Spaniel Perfect not fully formed out of the whelping box. It is a product of his background and upbringing. Cockers are bred too much in the past, sometimes resulting in a fearful dog, slightly scary in no way represents a good breeding Cocker. Look for one whose parents have good personalities and has been well socialized from an early age puppy.

    Grooming “American Cocker Spaniel”

    Beautiful silky coat Cocker seen in dogs in the exhibition circuit does not occur by chance. It takes a lot of work to keep it shiny and tangle. For good reason, la mayoría de la gente mantiene a sus mascotas en un recorte por todas partes, known as cut puppy. Even that requires some maintenance. Dogs with cuts puppy should be bathed, brushed and cut approximately every two weeks.

    If you want long flowing coat, You must be more careful and time, and usually the bathroom, brushing and trimming are done once a week. La mayoría de la gente elige llevar su Cocker a professional groomer, pero tú puedes aprender a hacerlo tú mismo. The cost of the equipment amounts to only a few grooming sessions, no tendrás que solicitar citas y descubrirás que aumentas tu vínculo con tu Cocker. However, the toilet is not for everyone, así que si no quieres hacerlo, find a hairdresser you like because it is an absolute requirement for a Cocker.

    Like the ears of Cocker They are prone to infections, revísalas semanalmente para asegurarte de que el interior es de un color rosa intenso y saludable y no tiene mal olor. If that is not the case, vete al veterinario rápidamente antes de que la infección de oído se convierta en un problema importante. Ten especial cuidado al revisar los oídos de un cachorro ya que hay una acumulación significativa de cera mientras se desarrolla el canal auditivo. Limpiar los oídos con una solución recomendada por el veterinario.

    The rest is basic care. Cut toenails every few weeks. Should never last long enough to drown out the noise from the floor. Long nails can make uncomfortable walking in the Cocker, and they can get caught on things and tear. That is so painful, and bleed much. Brush your teeth often for good dental health and fresh breath.

    Health “American Cocker Spaniel”

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, not walk, from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, tell you that race is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that their puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. Un criador de buena reputación será honesto y abierto sobre los problemas de salud de la raza y la incidencia con la que se producen en sus líneas. Aquí hay un breve resumen de lo que debes saber sobre la salud del Cocker.

    The American Cocker Spaniel son susceptibles a un número de problemas de salud que son, at least in part, genetic. These include many different eye disorders, including cataracts and glaucoma, así como defectos dolorosos de las caderas y rodillas.

    Disc disease can cause the movement is painful for the American Cocker Spaniel, which it is by nature an active dog who loves to run and play. Enfermedades cardíacas, liver, epilepsy… the Cocker It is at risk of all.

    The variety of eye problems that can afflict the Cocker Spaniel ranging from the aesthetic – a condition called “Eye Cherry” que puede ser corregida mediante cirugía – and sight-threatening, including cataracts and glaucoma. While many Cocker completely lose vision in old age, some may already losing two years of age due to progressive retinal atrophy. The Cockers They are also prone to keratoconjunctivitis sicca, a condition known as dry eye, a deficiency of tears that can lead to corneal problems.

    Asegúrate de que un oftalmólogo veterinario certificado examine los ojos de tu Cocker Spaniel once a year and seeking veterinary attention immediately for any signs of vision loss, cloudiness, redness, eye irritation or if the dog squints or bumble.

    The Cockers They may also have hypothyroidism, It is underproduction of thyroid hormone. This can cause weight gain, lethargy, loss of hair, escalofríos e infecciones de la piel. a blood test whenever a suspected thyroid disease should be. Skin problems also may indicate allergies, which they are common in the breed, As to the skin masses, which may be benign or cancerous.

    Some Cocker Spaniels They seem to be prone to congenital deafness, associated with white hair and blue eyes. At the age of three or four weeks, en algunos de estos perros el suministro de sangre al oído interno se degenera. Puede ocurrir en uno o ambos oídos y es permanente.

    Esos largos oídos de spaniel tienden a atrapar aire caliente y húmedo dentro de los canales auditivos, creating the perfect environment for the growth of bacteria and yeast, que conducen a infecciones de oído. Las infecciones de oído pueden ser crónicas en algunos perros con orejas largas, por lo que es necesario estar al tanto del cuidado de los oídos y limpiarlos religiosamente. Repeated infections can cause so much damage to the ear canal that the dog will lose their hearing. Los oídos gravemente afectados pueden requerir cirugía. El seguimiento de los cuidados es especialmente importante en lo que se refiere al oído para prevenir nuevos brotes de viejos problemas.

    Many Cocker Spaniels son propensos a la anemia hemolítica autoinmune (AIHA), in which the immune system attacks the dog its own red blood cells to the point that the dog becomes anemic. Although there is treatment, the mortality rate is high.

    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, y es imposible predecir si un animal estará libre de estas enfermedades, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. They should be able to provide an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been examined for common defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

    Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., pero a veces la madre naturaleza tiene otras ideas y un cachorro desarrolla una de estas enfermedades a pesar de las buenas prácticas de cría. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you're going to have a puppy, pregunta al criador sobre las edades de los perros de sus líneas y de qué murieron.

    Remember that after getting a new puppy at home, You have the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Cocker Spaniel with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Characteristics "American Cocker Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "American Cocker Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "American Cocker Spaniel"

    credits:

    1. golden-american-cocker-spaniel by www.localpuppybreeders.com
    2. American Cocker Spaniel at the Cloisters City Park in Morro Bay, California by "Mike" Michael L. Baird / CC BY
    3. Golden American Cocker SpanielRyan Johnson / CC BY-SA
    4. American Cocker in Tallinn duo CACIB, 17-18 Aug 2013 by Thomas / CC BY-SA
    5. AMERICAN COCKER SPANIEL PUPPY 7 WEEKS – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AMERICAN_COCKER_SPANIEL_PUPPY_7_WEEKS.jpg
    6. A black American Cocker Spaniel. By Yoko / CC BY-SA

    Videos "American Cocker Spaniel"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

    FCI standard of the breed "American Cocker Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - American Cocker Spaniel
    Cocker

    Alternative names:

      1. Cocker Spaniel, Cocker, Merry Cocker (English).
      2. Cocker (French).
      3. American Cocker Spaniel, Cocker (German).
      4. American Cocker Spaniel, Cocker (Portuguese).
      5. Cocker americano, Cocker spaniel, Cocker (español).

    English Cocker Spaniel
    Inglaterra FCI 5 . Flushing Dogs

    Cocker Spaniel Inglés

    The English Cocker Spaniel he is a sweet and affectionate dog. Excellent guard and loving with children.

    Content

    History

    The term spaniel it applied to any dog ​​that hunted game birds and pulled. Usually they distinguished by their size or the way they work. For example, there was spaniels land and spaniels water. The dogs that hunted woodcocks were known as Cockers, while the larger spaniels that “drew” cover hunting by pulling the chain were known as Springers. At any given time, different types could be born in the same litter, but eventually they separated in races: Cocker Spaniels and English Springer Spaniel.

    In the United States and Britain, the Cocker They developed a different aspect, while began to be considered separate races. The Club of the English Cocker Spaniel America was formed in 1935 for people who appreciate the look and the different skills of the English Cocker. The American Kennel Club recognized him as an individual race 1946. The American Cocker It became more popular, but fans of the English Cocker consider their dogs a well kept secret. Today, the English Cocker ranks 66 between breeds registered by the AKC.

    Physical characteristics

    The English Cocker Spaniel, It has the benefit of having many coat colors, and each can have their favorite color. However the selection of the color does not have any influence or precedent on health.

    There are two varieties of Cocker Spaniel, the English Cocker Spaniel, from Wales and the American Cocker Spaniel, It is resulting from the adjustment of the English Cocker Spaniel to United States.

    The English Cocker Spaniel It is a strong dog, Atlético, Compact and balanced, they weigh in 12 a 15 Kg. In them, the extent of the ground to the cross (39 a 41 cm.) and this at the tail is equal, approximately. The body of the dog is compact, with a well developed chest and possess a slight tilt from the back to the tail.

    The legs are strong and muscular, especially the rear. The wide head, Lightweight aspect, with a large truffle. The English Cocker Spaniel ears are lobular shape and low insertion, at the height of the eyes. It has large eyes. They tend to be Brown, almost dark, although some Cocker they have clear.

    The expression of eyes is intelligent, alert, bright and cheerful. You can see this dog in multiple colors. Copies of solid color only allows a white patch on the chest.

    Character and skills

    The English Cocker Spaniel, It is currently a very popular dog as a companion pet., for those who enjoy the countryside. To develop this race in Wales The aim was to get a dog that would chase the chickens, herding them from their hiding places in the bushes.. Its versatility grew up and went when they realized that this dog was happy in a different position and was also able to swim.

    They enjoy playing with children (especially the females) provided that these comply, It should educate the can so that it does not jump on infants.

    While they are dogs that like to play is recommended to be very careful in dealing with these animals due to his hyperactive character.

    It is a sweet and affectionate dog. Excellent guard and loving with children. Although it is sometimes dominant. Why should be severe education from the beginning. It is a very active dog, cheerful and curious. He likes to be in family or accompanied by. It is a very sensitive breed, If it is many hours alone will be sad. You need love, care in your coat if you want to leave the long skirt.

    Grooming

    Your fur needs cut and this must be done by a professional, or the owner can acquire appropriate equipment and learn to do it himself, on the instructions of the breeder. Depending on each country, There are generally different options of professionals specialized in the grooming of pets in each city, and usually they also provide the service to pick them up and bring them back home when the Cocker It is elegantly trimmed.

    The upper teeth close over the lower teeth and are square in the jaw, and they must be cleaned regularly. Nails should be trimmed as needed. The long ears should be revised weekly and special attention, cleaning up any dirt, grass, seeds, excrement, and other waste that have been able to adhere to the same, Since as you said, they are very susceptible to suffering otitis by his excessive Seborrheic secretion. It is also common for them to have a large number of warts..

    Health

    All purebred dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit diseases. Avoid any breeder who does not offer a health guarantee on puppies., I say that race has no known problems, or keep the cubs isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and incidence occurring with.

    The English Cockers They have some health conditions that may be of concern. They include progressive retinal atrophy, the patellar luxation, cataracts, immune-mediated hemolytic anemia, ear infections, kidney failure juvenile onset, Hypothyroidism and, in particular, hearing loss.

    Remember that after bringing a new puppy to your home, You have the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a English Cocker with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of your preventative abilities to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Characteristics "English Cocker Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Cocker Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "English Cocker Spaniel"

    credits:

    1. An English Cocker Spaniel at a dog show by Pleple2000, corected by Torn
    2. Cocker Spaniel Inglés by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1204664
    3. English Cocker Spaniel, 8 months old by John / CC BY
    4. English Cocker Spaniel by Loyalty4life / Public domain
    5. English Cocker Spaniel by https://www.needpix.com/photo/983524/cocker-spaniel-english-cocker-spaniel-coker-spaniel-dog-doggy-it-lies-resting-their
    6. A red and white ticked male English Cocker Spaniel. by eNil / CC BY

    Videos "English Cocker Spaniel"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

    FCI standard of the breed "English Cocker Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - English Cocker Spaniel
    Cocker

    Alternative names:

      1. English Cocker Spaniel, Cocker (English).
      2. Cocker spaniel anglais (French).
      3. English Cocker Spaniel (German).
      4. English Cocker Spaniel (Portuguese).
      5. Cocker Spaniel Inglés, Cocker (español).