American Cocker Spaniel
USA FCI 167 . Flushing Dogs

Cocker Spaniel Americano

The American Cocker Spaniel will go is easy to train, friendly and playful, and loves to splash around in the water.



References to “Spanyells” dating from the fourteenth century. Different types of spaniels They evolved over the centuries, some working on collecting land and other water birds. the Cocker, hunting and hunting under the command retrieves, It derives its name from his skill in hunting woodcock, a type of wader.

The spaniels solían ser clasificados por tamaño, and different types of spaniels podían nacer en la misma camada. Eventually, The different types of spanieles They became individual races, y así fue con el Cocker. Para 1946 the size and appearance of the Cocker and what is now the English Cocker Spaniel habían cambiado lo suficiente como para que los dos se dividieran en razas separadas.

The popularity of the Cocker se disparó después del lanzamiento de la clásica película de Disney “The Lady and the Tramp” in 1955. The immense popularity fueled an increase in bad parenting that resulted in some bad temperaments, but the breeders American Cocker Spaniel They have worked hard to correct the situation. However, todavía es importante hoy en día encontrar un criador responsable que mantenga la alegre disposición del sello de la raza en lugar de seguir sacando a los temerosos y bruscos perros que casi arruinaron la raza.

Until 1990, the American Cocker Spaniel It was the most popular breed registered by the American Kennel Club. Today it is ranked 25, but you will always have a place among people who appreciate its moderate size, sweet nature and intelligence.

Physical characteristics

The American Cocker Spaniel It is the smallest member of the sporting dogs hunting. His body is strong, compact, delicately modeled head and refined. As a whole, It is a dog well balanced and ideal size. Well shoulders upright on a straight forelegs, su línea superior desciende ligeramente hacia unos cuartos posteriores fuertes, muscled and moderately angulated. A dog is able to develop a considerable speed, combined with a lot of resistance. Above all, It must be a brash and cheerful dog, healthy and well balanced in all its parts; vehement action shows inclination towards work. Un perro bien equilibrado en todas sus partes es más deseable que un perro con buenas características y defectos que contrastan fuertemente.

The females weigh on average 9 a 12 kg and have a size of 34 a 36 cm., While males weigh in 10 a 13 kg and measure of 37 a 39 cm..

Character and skills

Cheerful and lively, the American Cocker Spaniel It's also smart and confident. Aunque todavía conserva un fuerte instinto de caza, It is often a housemate. With her family is loving and docile. It may be a bit reserved at the beginning with strangers, but soon makes friends. Cockers can be good companions for children. Cuando se crían juntos, They can make friends with other pets, including cats, but birds can be an irresistible lure – and not in a good way.

The Cocker It is highly trainable, but it has a sensitive soul. La socialización temprana es crítica, and even with it some Cockers submissively urinate when your people get home or when they meet new people or dogs or go to new places. Focused training with positive reinforcement methods, especially praise and food rewards.

The Cocker It can be good in the field tests and as a hunting dog, although for years he thought of it as “only” a companion. One Cocker It is versatile and can do much more than walk around the house, but he is happy to do it because you love being with you.

any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavations and other undesirable behavior if you are bored, He is not trained or are unsupervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence. In the case of the Cocker, years “adolescence” comienzan a los seis meses y continúan hasta que el perro tiene un año de edad. Barking can be a problem unless the frenes.

Empieza a entrenar a tu cachorro el día que lo traigas a casa. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach. No esperes hasta que tenga 6 months to start training him or you'll have to deal with a more stubborn dog. If possible, llévelo a la clase del jardín de infancia para cachorros cuando tenga entre 10 and 12 weeks, y socialize, socialize, socialize.

However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccinations (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Talk to the breeder, It describes exactly what you are looking for a dog and asks for help to select a puppy. Breeders see puppies daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.

The American Cocker Spaniel Perfect not fully formed out of the whelping box. It is a product of his background and upbringing. Cockers are bred too much in the past, sometimes resulting in a fearful dog, slightly scary in no way represents a good breeding Cocker. Look for one whose parents have good personalities and has been well socialized from an early age puppy.

Grooming “American Cocker Spaniel”

Beautiful silky coat Cocker seen in dogs in the exhibition circuit does not occur by chance. It takes a lot of work to keep it shiny and tangle. For good reason, la mayoría de la gente mantiene a sus mascotas en un recorte por todas partes, known as cut puppy. Even that requires some maintenance. Dogs with cuts puppy should be bathed, brushed and cut approximately every two weeks.

If you want long flowing coat, You must be more careful and time, and usually the bathroom, brushing and trimming are done once a week. La mayoría de la gente elige llevar su Cocker a professional groomer, pero tú puedes aprender a hacerlo tú mismo. The cost of the equipment amounts to only a few grooming sessions, no tendrás que solicitar citas y descubrirás que aumentas tu vínculo con tu Cocker. However, the toilet is not for everyone, así que si no quieres hacerlo, find a hairdresser you like because it is an absolute requirement for a Cocker.

Like the ears of Cocker They are prone to infections, revísalas semanalmente para asegurarte de que el interior es de un color rosa intenso y saludable y no tiene mal olor. If that is not the case, vete al veterinario rápidamente antes de que la infección de oído se convierta en un problema importante. Ten especial cuidado al revisar los oídos de un cachorro ya que hay una acumulación significativa de cera mientras se desarrolla el canal auditivo. Limpiar los oídos con una solución recomendada por el veterinario.

The rest is basic care. Cut toenails every few weeks. Should never last long enough to drown out the noise from the floor. Long nails can make uncomfortable walking in the Cocker, and they can get caught on things and tear. That is so painful, and bleed much. Brush your teeth often for good dental health and fresh breath.

Health “American Cocker Spaniel”

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, not walk, from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, tell you that race is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that their puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the breed's health problems and the incidence with which they occur in their lines.. Aquí hay un breve resumen de lo que debes saber sobre la salud del Cocker.

The American Cocker Spaniel son susceptibles a un número de problemas de salud que son, at least in part, genetic. These include many different eye disorders, including cataracts and glaucoma, así como defectos dolorosos de las caderas y rodillas.

Disc disease can cause the movement is painful for the American Cocker Spaniel, which it is by nature an active dog who loves to run and play. Enfermedades cardíacas, liver, epilepsy… the Cocker It is at risk of all.

The variety of eye problems that can afflict the Cocker Spaniel ranging from the aesthetic – a condition called “Eye Cherry” que puede ser corregida mediante cirugía – and sight-threatening, including cataracts and glaucoma. While many Cocker completely lose vision in old age, some may already losing two years of age due to progressive retinal atrophy. The Cockers They are also prone to keratoconjunctivitis sicca, a condition known as dry eye, a deficiency of tears that can lead to corneal problems.

Asegúrate de que un oftalmólogo veterinario certificado examine los ojos de tu Cocker Spaniel once a year and seeking veterinary attention immediately for any signs of vision loss, cloudiness, redness, eye irritation or if the dog squints or bumble.

The Cockers They may also have hypothyroidism, It is underproduction of thyroid hormone. This can cause weight gain, lethargy, loss of hair, escalofríos e infecciones de la piel. a blood test whenever a suspected thyroid disease should be. Skin problems also may indicate allergies, which they are common in the breed, As to the skin masses, which may be benign or cancerous.

Some Cocker Spaniels They seem to be prone to congenital deafness, associated with white hair and blue eyes. At the age of three or four weeks, en algunos de estos perros el suministro de sangre al oído interno se degenera. Puede ocurrir en uno o ambos oídos y es permanente.

Esos largos oídos de spaniel tienden a atrapar aire caliente y húmedo dentro de los canales auditivos, creating the perfect environment for the growth of bacteria and yeast, que conducen a infecciones de oído. Las infecciones de oído pueden ser crónicas en algunos perros con orejas largas, por lo que es necesario estar al tanto del cuidado de los oídos y limpiarlos religiosamente. Repeated infections can cause so much damage to the ear canal that the dog will lose their hearing. Los oídos gravemente afectados pueden requerir cirugía. El seguimiento de los cuidados es especialmente importante en lo que se refiere al oído para prevenir nuevos brotes de viejos problemas.

Many Cocker Spaniels son propensos a la anemia hemolítica autoinmune (AIHA), in which the immune system attacks the dog its own red blood cells to the point that the dog becomes anemic. Although there is treatment, the mortality rate is high.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict if an animal will be free of these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. They should be able to provide an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been examined for common defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you're going to have a puppy, pregunta al criador sobre las edades de los perros de sus líneas y de qué murieron.

Remember that after getting a new puppy at home, You have the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Cocker Spaniel with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Characteristics "American Cocker Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "American Cocker Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "American Cocker Spaniel"


1. golden-american-cocker-spaniel by
2. American Cocker Spaniel at the Cloisters City Park in Morro Bay, California by "Mike" Michael L. Baird / CC BY
3. Golden American Cocker SpanielRyan Johnson / CC BY-SA
4. American Cocker in Tallinn duo CACIB, 17-18 Aug 2013 by Thomas / CC BY-SA
6. A black American Cocker Spaniel. By Yoko / CC BY-SA

Videos "American Cocker Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. Without working trial..



FCI standard of the breed "American Cocker Spaniel"

FCIFCI - American Cocker Spaniel

Alternative names:

    1. Cocker Spaniel, Cocker, Merry Cocker (English).
    2. Cocker (French).
    3. American Cocker Spaniel, Cocker (German).
    4. American Cocker Spaniel, Cocker (Portuguese).
    5. Cocker americano, Cocker spaniel, Cocker (español).
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