Spanish Water Dog
España FCI 336 . Water Dogs

Perro de Agua Español

The Spanish Water Dog is a faithful dog, obedient, joyful, laborious, courageous and balanced. It is a breed little seen outside of Spain.

Content

History

Little is known about the origins of the Spanish Water Dog. Some dog experts believe they are descended from African dogs or are related to other European spaniels., as the Portuguese Water Dog, or with Turkish or Hungarian herding and herding breeds.

Dogs of this type were hardworking helpers on Spanish farms., in the mines and in the fishing villages, where they performed many functions, like grazing, the recuperation, rat patrol and protection. Its physical characteristics, especially its fur, they are adapted to the variations of humidity and dryness of the marshy regions. This makes him a versatile dog., able to adapt to the needs not only demanded of a shepherd dog, but also a fishing dog and a waterfowl hunter.

With mechanization and migration of people to cities from rural areas, dogs were less necessary for their traditional work, but people interested in the breed strove to preserve it, starting in 1975 with collecting a variety of dogs from various areas, selective breeding to maintain their appearance and work ability, and directing their talents towards new jobs such as search and rescue and drug and bomb detection.

In the news, its densest population is in Andalusia, where it is usually used as a sheepdog. In this part of Spain it is often known as “Turkish dog”.

Physical characteristics

The Spanish Water Dog it's rustic, Middleweight eumétrico, sublogilíneas proportions, Harmonic, Athletic complexion and muscular well due to the constant functional gym exercising; Sub-convex profile with a tendency to straight; view, smell and very developed ear.

The appeal to the cross is situated between 44 and 50 cm for males and 40 to 46 cm., for females. Males weigh in 18 to 22 kg and females in 14 to 18 kg.

His head is strong, of elegant porte; the relationship between length of skull and face will be approximately 1.5 / 1. Flat skull with some marked occipital Crest. Soft and little sharp frontal trough. Sub-convex profile with a tendency to rectilinear face. Nose with nostrils well defined, It truffle pigmented equal to or stronger than the darker tone of his coat. Lips; the maxilla and mandibular contact in a very defined lip corner.

Well formed teeth, soft, developed tusks. Slightly oblique eyes, very expressive look; Hazelnut color to Brown IRIS, still desired a tonality according to the layer; apparent ocular conjunctiva. Triangular ears and fall of average insertion. Short and muscular neck, with perfect Union to the trunk without jowl. Robust trunk, arched ribs, with great breathing capacity bicostal diameter. Little pronounced cross. Powerful chest, collected belly, well linked to the rump steak, slightly inclined grupa.

The tail is of average insertion. Puppies are born with or without, in his case it must amputate from the second to the fourth vertebra coccyx. The preferred way is the trot, Although he develops a range of careers, jumps, twists and turns great showmanship that shows an inexhaustible energy.

Its skin is flexible, fine and well attached to the body. Can be pigmented in chestnut, black, or despigmentada according to the darker tone of his coat, like all the mucous membranes.

The hair is long and uniform in all its bodily forms always curly and Bristly consistency. Copies of long hair will be accepted, well sheared, as well as those who have also cut the hair of face, hands and feet; under no circumstances the aesthetically esquilados.

With regard to the fur, all monocolores layers and bi-coloured compound uniforms are allowed, being always present white. Any Spanish Water Dog puppy should be skinned between three and four months of age wherever it is, North or South. The following bare will be per year, namely, to the 15 or 16 months of the animal. Until we get as a rule a peeled annual spring.

Character and skills

The Spanish Water Dog belongs according to the FCI classification to Group VIII, section 3, namely, It is considered as a collection and more - dog specifically- a water dog. However, they have traditionally been used as shepherds dogs, in the conduct of sheep and goats, as well as in the pigmeat and beef.

Because of their great capacity for learning it is currently used by the bodies of Spanish firefighters in their rescue and rescue teams, having spoken specimens of this breed in the disaster caused by Hurricane Mitch. It is also possible to see them in the company of the Civil Guard in search for drugs and explosives in airports, ports and customs.

Within the canine sport, the Spanish Water Dog is finding a place in the world of agility, with some Spain champions and world runner-up in Elite Finland, Ubrique. The agility, It is not a classical proof of work in which copies of race can only participate, but that is rather a combination of competition and show open to all sorts of dogs. The owner also participates in the proof accompanying your dog. Cooperation and good friendship between the members of the team are determinants (dogs and people).

It is a faithful dog, obedient, joyful, laborious, courageous and balanced; of great capacity for learning by his extraordinary understanding, amoldable to different situations and conditions.

Thanks to its appearance of Teddy, as well as his active nature, Intelligent, cheerful and balanced, It has achieved a position in the company breeds, they are highly valued in Northern Europe and United States.

Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, like all people have the potential to inherit a certain disease. Huya, do not walk, from any breeder who does not offer a health guarantee on their puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100% healthy and has no known problems, or tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the house for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the breed's health problems and the incidence with which they occur in their lines..

The Spanish Water Dog can develop certain health problems, among them

  • Allergies
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Glaucoma
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Progressive retinal atrophy

The main problems observed in the breed are hip dysplasia and allergies. Other problems seem to occur less frequently. Other conditions that can be seen in the breed are exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, Addison's disease, congenital hypothyroidism with goiter, myasthenia gravis and seizures.

These conditions are not necessarily widespread in the breed., but you must know them when looking for your puppy.

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best-looking dogs., but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, in many cases, dogs can live well. If you are getting a puppy, ask the breeder about the age of the dogs in your line and what they have died of.

Will your Spanish Water Dog some or all of these diseases? Not necessarily, but it's smart to know the possibilities.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, you have the power to protect him from one of the most common health problems in all dogs: the obesity. The breed standard requires that the Spanish Water Dog weigh between 9 and 15 kg. If you can't see the waist of your Spanish Water Dog the feel (but not see) his ribs, it's time to talk to your vet about a weight management program. Keep a Spanish Water Dog at a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to protect your overall health. Take advantage of diet and exercise to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Grooming

The Spanish Water Dog has only one coat, which means it has little or no undercoat. Does not change much, although it does lose hair, just like people. The unique, curly coat often leads people to believe that the Spanish Water Dog it is hypoallergenic, but all dogs produce allergens to some extent in their dander, saliva and urine. If you have allergies, you should spend time with several dogs of this breed to determine if you react to them.

The toilet of the Spanish Water Dog It is easy. Usually, the coat is trimmed once or twice a year to about 2 centimeters all over the body, including head and ears. Between one cut and another, no need to comb, brushing or drying the coat, as all this can damage the texture and shape of the curls.

However, it is important to check the coat regularly for specks and hot spots, especially behind the ears and in the area where the legs join the body. The incidence of mats can be reduced by separating the fingers when stroking the dog and not rubbing the coat in a circular motion.

If it is allowed to grow, the fur of the Spanish Water Dog can be cordoned off, forming long tight curls that look like dreadlocks. Some work and supervision is needed to ensure the laces are formed properly and groomed properly. Your dog's breeder can explain how it is done and how to maintain a corded coat..

When your Spanish Water Dog get dirty, bathe with a mild, pet-safe shampoo. Apply it to the coat gently, like hand washing a cashmere sweater. Rinse well with lukewarm water and, then, use your hands to wring out excess water. Dry the fur with a towel, being careful not to rub it roughly. Let your dog air dry in a warm, draft-free place.

The rest are basic care. Trim his nails every one to two weeks and brush his teeth often - with a vet-approved pet toothpaste- for good general health and fresh breath.

Characteristics “Spanish Water Dog”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Spanish Water Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Spanish Water Dog”

Videos “Spanish Water Dog”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 3: Water Dogs
  • AKCSporting
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Spanish Water Dog"

FCIFCI - "Spanish Water Dog"
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. SWD, Perro de agua español (English).
    2. Perro de Agua Español, Chien turc (French).
    3. Perro de Agua Español, Türkenhund, Andalusischer Türke (German).
    4. (em castelhano perro de agua español) (Portuguese).
    5. Turco andaluz, Perro turco, Churrino (Spanish).

Warren hound breeds
Italia España Portugal Grecia Francia Túnez Malta Warren hound

Razas de Podenco

The different “Warren hound breeds” are characterized by being little barking, extremely clever and agile for hunting.

Content

It is called Hound a type of dog of ancient origins. There are several breeds today throughout the entire Mediterranean: is believed to be the origin of these modern breeds in old Egypt (specifically in the Tesem race) and that the dogs were broadcast by the Mediterranean coast by the Phoenicians. Its appearance slightly recalls a Jackal or the image of the Egyptian Dios Anubis.

Various genetic studies in recent years have come to conclude that contrary to widespread belief that the hound is a type of imported primitive dog makes a 3.000 the area of middle years, These dogs really are close genetic relationship with the rest of European hunting dogs and are not more “primitive” the majority of them.

The Federation Cynologique Internationale brings together the Podencos within section 7 (“Primitive type - Hunting Dogs”) Group v, the Pharaoh Hound which in its place of origin is used for rabbit hunting is not included in this section, If not in the section 6 (“Primitive type”).

Podenco breeds recognized by the FCI

:


Not recognized by the FCI

.

Other races, that despite not being recognized by the FCI have typical use and morphological characteristics of the Podencos, are:

According to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, the difference between Greyhound, Lebrel and poodle is based on the following definitions:

  • Greyhound: Lightweight dog breed, with small head, large eyes, the pointed snout, the ears are thin and hanging, the slim body and neck, the long legs and tail.
  • Hound: Variety of dog that stands out in having upper lip and drooping ears, the strong muzzle, straight back, the long body and legs removed back. It was given this name for being very suitable for hunting hares.
  • Hound: The somewhat lower body, but more robust than the hound, with round head, the ears stiff, straight back, moderately long hair, the coiled tail and hands and feet small, but very strong. It is little barking and extremely shrewd and Agile for hunting, by its great view, smell and resistance.

Warren hound breeds

Burgos Pointer
España FCI 90 . Braque Type

Perdiguero de Burgos

The Burgos Pointer is smart and learns easily, above all, tracking tasks.

Content

History

The Burgos Pointer It is a breed of dog Spain. Originally from Castile, especially in the province of Burgos, this rustic breed goes hunting, and has exceptional characteristics for small game.

It is an ancient breed from the Castilian tableland, is widespread, and according to some familiar with the breed it is likely that you have participated in the creation of other breeds of hunting dog, not only Spain.

The truth is that lot of documented material that speaks of this breed there is. Veterinary geneticist, José Manuel Sanz rudder, several lines dedicated to the history of this race and a document that appears in a multitude of web, speaking of the origins and early history (Until 1911). You can read the complete material on the website of the Spanish Association of el Perro Perdiguero de Burgos. Here only let quoted that refers to the word “Perdiguero” and the different theories on the origin but very briefly…

“The word ‘perdiguero‘ It occurs frequently in classical texts on venatoria and its reference corresponds to the generic Hunter dog of partridges, «perdicero» or «perdiguero», but it cannot be lightly assumed that this dog was a Burgos Pointer. In many current texts we read various theories about the origin of the breed. The more absolute confusion arises from a whole once analysed separately. The most common mistakes that demonstrate a poor work of research are as follows:

  • Associate the word perdiguero the race Burgos Pointer.
  • Believing that the Pointing Dogs, as we speak the Spanish classics, they were Burgos Pointers and forget that they were other races.
  • Define like Burgos Pointer to the dogs that authors from Velázquez to Goya have been captured in numerous canvases where hunting dogs are reproduced.
  • Define incomprehensibly and lightly when Burgos Pointer as the origin of English Pointer, either in a display of patriotic enthusiasm, consider him further as the father of all European Braques“.

“The authors, as often happens, they cannot agree on the theories about origins of animals and while some assert the sample dog originates from Italy, others say that France or Spain (According to the nationality of the author) which they were born.

On the formation of the current dog Burgos Pointer the news is null and we can only apply the parameters that are studied to form a race, they are:

  • Time and place of training.
  • Genetic basis provided the race.
  • Adaptation to the environment in which is born.
  • Geographical isolation and inbreeding operated.

With regard to the first of them, not a breed created by man ex process are being, with measured doses of one or another blood, both the time and the place of training are uncertain. A race not be based in short periods of time and having no initial selection at a single point, can not think of that place of birth has been only a particular place”

(Author: José Manuel Sanz rudder).

Physical characteristics

While the Burgos Pointer, It is not as robust and defined muscular level, like its relative the English Pointer, their appearance shows the strength of the race.

It has the ears long and the tail It tends to be cut one-third of its original length.

Its fur It has variants that can form different ranges within the basic color. The basic colors of the hair are the white and the liver. These colors mingle regularly, giving checked layers which tend to liver, hoary liver, mosqueados in liver and other various combinations, as predominant color liver or white and are white or more open or closed stains.

It tends to be a very common feature (Although non-binding layer), have a distinct white spot on the forehead and the ears always stained color homogeneous liver. The liver hairs can form such sharp well-defined spots, regularly distributed by the layer of the animal

Its the mantle is short, thick and soft. The hair is thinner in the head, ears and limbs.

The skin is elastic, but not printing, thick, abundant, pinkish spotless. All the Oris they will be Brown, never black.

The height males will of 62 to 67 cm and females 59 to 64 cm to the cross. Thinking of 25 to 30 kg.

It is an animal that as all, It requires a dose of daily exercise. A long walk, and a few races in the open air will keep you happy.

Character and skills

It is a very friendly and quiet dog, not afraid easily. It is smart and learns easily, especially in tracking work.

It is not a dog that adapts very well to urban environments.

It is used for small game (rabbits, hares, etc.).

It's perfect for hunting in any field (difficult to be), It has an enviable physical resistance and a high speed.

The Burgos Pointer it is highly appreciated by hunters who want a rustic dog, hard in any terrain and type of hunting, obedient, strong and above all excellent winds and method of hunting, because of its tranquility and poise in the search, as to your sample and its impeccable collection.

Although used for small game pieces not dismisses pieces of hunting trail, in which he demonstrates great bravery.

Characteristics “Burgos Pointer”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Burgos Pointer” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images: Burgos Pointer

Videos: Burgos Pointer

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 90
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type

FCI breed standard “Burgos Pointer”

FCIFCI – “Burgos Pointer”
Perdiguero de Burgos FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Perdiguero de Burgos, Burgalese Pointer (English).
    2. Retriever de Burgos, Braque de Burgos, Perdiguero (French).
    3. Burgos-Hühnerhund (German).
    4. Pointer espanhol, Pointer de Burgos (Portuguese).
    5. Perdiguera (Spanish).

Carea Leonés
España Not recognized by the FCI

Pastor Leonés

The raison d ' être of the Carea Leonés It is the management and guidance of herds.

Content

History

The Carea Leonés (or Leonese Sheepdog) is a dog whose morphology and character have been shaped by its environment, both physical and human. Regarding the physical, it can be said that this breed is rooted in the regions of the province of León and Zamora. This was so because they are agricultural areas where crops shared their existence with flocks of sheep.. So that this coexistence would come to fruition, and due to the shortage of shepherds that there were at all times, and that the number of heads could be high, It was necessary to call on an assistant to control the cattle by feeling, and this was the Carea Leonés.

Physical characteristics

It is a dog of medium size with a height to the cross between 48 and 55 cm in males and 45 and 52 cm in females.

It is a lightweight and agile dog in order to start after the flock avoiding their dispersion, or jogging in search of the sheep that is separated from the Group.

As regards the basic layer or coloring of hair, There are animals with black hair all over his body and others who, In addition, they are tawny color stains (reddish) in the extremities, the side and above the eyebrows.

In some specimens, the black color of the hair is clarified by dissolution of the pigment giving rise to an irregular patchwork of bluish-grey spots more or less clear, and even white spots, throughout the body of the animal.

Character and skills

The Carea Leonés it is a dog very attached to its owner and without adequate socialization, is distrustful and even urano with strangers, something that does not correspond so much to specimens raised between humans, showing these, much more receptive and sociable. It is a very alert and intelligent dog, with great learning capacity and predisposition to work. It is a dog with personality but it submits well to the orders it receives from its owner.

It is a race not yet officially recognized, but you are trying to get official recognition as a native breed.

You are planning to develop a plan for recovery and promotion of the Leonese Pastor, because otherwise, their future will be threatened by the unstoppable reduction in the number of herds of sheep grazing and the increasing spread of alien dog races which could lead soon to the replacement, miscegenation, absorption or, the extinction of the Leonese Pastor.

As a curiosity, PAS, was a Carea Leonés that appeared in the famous movie shot in Spain “The Kingdom of heaven“, Ridley Scott.

Source of the photo and more information about this race by clicking on Leonese Sheepdog (Blog dedicated to the race with very interesting information!).

Federations:

  • RSCE

Proposal of racial standard according to the fci pattern of the race “Carea Leonés”

FCIFCI – “Carea Leonés”
Leonese Shepherd FCI

Alternative names:

    Perro de Pastor Leonés, Perro de Aqueda, Carea leonés, Leonese Sheepdog

Garafian Shepherd
España Not recognized by the FCI

Pastor Garafiano

The Garafian Shepherd It is a very docile and friendly dog.

Content

History

The Garafian Shepherd is a breed of dog indigenous native to La Palma Canary, Canary Islands. The name receives it from the North of the island, specifically in the Garafía municipality, as the place where this race was more common, Despite the fact that copies are found throughout the island.

The Garafian Shepherd has been linked from its origins to grazing, activity for which shows special aptitude, Although it has nowadays gained great importance as a pet.

For some time, This race was on the edge of his disappearance due to miscegenation with other breeds of dog.

Successive crossings, especially from the age 60 20th century with other breeds of dogs pastors, They show the need to work for their recovery and selection from the exemplary few pure breed that retained the pastors of the island.

It's a differentiated canine population, originally from the region of Garafía, on the island of la Palma where was used by shepherds to raise herds of goats. Because of this, the animal performs very well in steep and rocky areas.

It has a very homogenous characteristics, Since only a functional selection has carried out. His main ability is the grazing of sheep and goats in steep terrain, the geographical characteristics of La Palma.

Its origin lies in pre-Hispanic times, although the crosses with other races after the conquest have contributed to the development of the Garafian Shepherd.

To prevent this disappearance, the working group for the recovery of the Garafian Shepherd, which would become in the Spanish dog association Garafian Shepherd, whose current President is Antonio Manuel Díaz Rodríguez.

Among the objectives of the Association is the development of census, Creating nuclei of reproduction, participation in exhibitions and fairs canine, etc.

The Garafian Shepherd was officially recognized as a Spanish breed in the year 2004, by the Royal Canine society of Spain.

The Garafian Shepherd It has been presented in the samples of native breeds that have been held in the Canary Islands, as well as in the international exhibitions held in Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

The Department of Ethnology of the Faculty of veterinary medicine University Las Palmas de Gran Canaria has carried out several studies on the race to, they were presented at the Symposium of native races held in Córdoba in March of 1992.

In the news, this breed is very abundant in the island and the future looks rosy due to the growing interest in these animals, not only by shepherds but also people who are looking for a pet.

Physical characteristics

His body is format Lupoid, mediolíneo or moderately longuilíneo, eumétrico, of medium-size to large, slightly higher than the cross grupa, rather short neck and small head on the body. Exemplary well care usually weigh between 28 and 35 kg males and 24 and 30 kg females.

These are the weights that antesandse gave, currently in the males is of 35 to 46 kg and females in 25 to 35 kg. The height to the cross males range between the 57 and 64 cm., While that in females 55 and 62 cm..

Currently these data have also changed still normal in males of 60 to 70 cm and females 55 to 65 cm..

Its head is conical, small in relation to the body, slightly convex front, What highlights by the introduction something separate and rear of the ears, that may have items or with a tendency to go forward.

They may also appear enhiestas, then noting a tendency to keep them folded before any stimulus, showing its inner face. Truffle always black. Oblique eyes, Brown macaroons, and something coming. Brief lips, collected. Bite in clamp. Soft and little pronounced stop.

The legs they are strong, good heaviness, Emphasizing the later by its proportions. Sometimes they have Spurs, that it often doubles and some implanted.

The layer is likens or alobada. The puppies are born Brown, color that changes to reach adults, appearing in some cases hair or white spots on the chest, fingers or tip of the tail, disappearing generally grow.

The hair is abundant and more or less long. Sometimes is smooth while in other cases it is rough. It tends to accumulate at the base of the ears, neck, skirts, tail and on the edges of the legs. The tail usually very populous hairs, bearing sword being slightly coiled, Although never on the back.

Character and skills

The character of Garafian Shepherd It docile and friendly.

When encounters strange shows a typical attitude of barking, folding of ears, movements of tail and spins on his head showing the corner of the mouth in the form of smile.

Is quiet and leisurely appearance although becomes very active while he carries out any type of physical activity.

You need exercise as well as all dogs.

Images “Garafian Shepherd”

Videos “Garafian Shepherd”

Federations:

  • RSCE – Royal Canine society of Spain

Alternative names:

    1. Pastor Garafiano (English).
    2. Pastor Garafiano (French).
    3. Pastor Garafiano (German).
    4. Pastor garafiano (Portuguese).
    5. Pastor de Garafia (Spanish).

Basque Shepherd
España Not recognized by the FCI

Pastor Vasco

There are two varieties of Basque Shepherd: the “Gorbeiakoa” and “Iletsua“.

Content

History

The Basque Shepherd (in Basque: Euskal Artzain Txakurra) It is a breed of dog originally from the Basque country. Is a breed traditionally used as a sheepdog and guard livestock. There are two varieties, the Gorbeiakoa and Iletsua.

The breed was officially recognized by the Royal Canine society of Spain the 1 in June of 1995. The official name of the breed is not "Pastor Vasco", as it is known mostly, but "Euskal Artzain Txakurra".

From the official club of the breed is referred to “Basque Shepherd” the mongrel dog of wool that is seen in the hamlets of Euskal Herría, mostly white, Tan or black, have nothing to do with the reddish or tawny of the pure specimens of Euskal Artzain Txakurra.

The “Shepherd dog” is the oldest dog. Since that man evolved from nomadic farmer and livestock has been using dogs to the work of grazing. Some skeletal remains found in the Neolithic caves attest that, 12.000 years ago, the farmers in the region were using these animals to grazing. We can find the “Euskal Artzain Txakurra” in Basque popular mythology. Later, had it been recognized in various pictorial frescoes of the 16th century, witnessing a popularity that came to transcend from rural environments to the highest circles of the Court of the time. From the 18th century they appear painted or drawn on the canvas of Paret y Alcazar, Doré, Guiard, Arrue and others.

Since the end of the 19th century to the early decades of the 20th century was an era of regression in Guipúzcoa and Navarra breed due to the strong attacks of the Wolf to the flock, reason why pastors replaced careadores dogs with the Artzanoras or mastiffs. In Alava and Vizcaya, However this decline was not as marked, and the work of grazing they alternated with custody and notice in the villages when they were not with the herds. This know-how combining work, He was one of the keys for that race is not extinct.

Today, the Basque Shepherd has only 413 copies recognized since the holding of the first monograph of the race.

Later they began to organize international competitions of pastoral dogs. Due to the admiration that sparked this breed among those who witnessed his task, a plan via scholarship and research project was initiated to study these dogs with ethnological methodology, Biochemistry, Genetics, reproductive and etological in 1991. After a thorough review of more than three thousand copies of the whole Basque country, the recognition of the Basque Shepherd – “Euskal Artzain Txakurra”.

Unfortunately, the localism of a canine species generates, in most cases, multiple barriers to their survival.

Photo: elexartza

Physical characteristics

As we said above, there are two varieties in the breed Basque Shepherd, the "Iletsua" and "Gorbeiakoa" and the standard brand differences.

The differences between the two varieties most important morfoestructurales are as follows:

In the Iletsua:

  • Longer hair on the back
  • Longer hair on the front limbs.
  • Greater width of the face in the female.
  • Greater width of the chest.
  • Most cephalic index.
  • The typical color of layer blond or tawny
  • Most with fallen ears.

As to the general appearance, has a trunk strong and rectangular. It has the body covered with a typical mantle of bristle hair, blondes or leonadas and canelas layers.

Has the head elongated, cover of hair shorter than in the rest of the body, and uncovered eyes. The nose is always black. The snout color is more intense than the rest of the body or black cinnamon. Short hair. Firm lips, Pigmented in black. Scissor bite. Eyes oval, with black eyelids and Brown iris and amber.

It has the limb strong and covered with short hair on the front and back fringes. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.

The fur is moderately long, rough, rustic-looking. As mentioned above, It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.

Height in males of 47 to 63 and in females, of 46 to 58 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 to 33 Kg., and in females, of 17 to 30 Kg.

In the Gorbeiakoa:

  • The male has a greater height at the withers.
  • Greater length of head.
  • Longer hair on the belly.
  • Greater width of the rump in the female.
  • The typical color of the layer is red fire.

As to the general appearance, the trunk is elongated appearance. The layer red fire, known as "pink", with frequent darkening on snout.

The head It has a pyramidal shape and is equipped with very short hair. Frequent presence of three Lunar, one next to each of the corners of the lips, and the other in the central and ventral part of the jaw, all of them with black setae of greater length than the rest of the head. Truffle always black. Snout elongated and thin, with frequent pigmentation. Eyes macaroons, Brown and amber.

The limb they are strong. With one or two spurs or none in the hind limbs.

The fur is moderately long and soft texture. It is shorter in front of the extremities and face.

The height males will of 47 to 61 and in females, of 46 to 59 cm.. The weight of the males is of 18 to 36 Kg., and in females, of 17 to 29 Kg.

Character and skills

Regarding the temperament of Basque Shepherd, We can find special characteristics of each variety (Gorbeiakoa and the Iletsua):

  • Gorbeiakoa: It is safe to, balanced and above all very sociable, Sometimes it is considered to be one member of his family and his talent for grazing can be added. His instinct, as described, It focuses more on tasks of grazing.
  • The Iletsua: It has a territorial instinct, but always maintains a strong link with his master, as always happens with him and rarely is separated from it. His instinct, as described, It focuses more care tasks.

All training can start with a small basic education course (the dog learn to stay quiet, sitting, that moves when the owner order). Regardless of age you can start socializing so you can get confidence with his master and others.

The Basque Shepherd lets touch, caress and runs like a champ for what you need from a field where can romp freely over long periods of time. Give some walks and stay active either playing with the ball or small but intense session of game with the family. Its longevity is of 11 to 13 years.

Images Basque Shepherd

Videos Basque Shepherd

Alternative names:

    1. Basque: Euskal Artzain Txakurra, Basque Sheepdog
    Basque Herder
    (English).
    2. (en basque : Euskal artzain txakurra) (French).
    3. (spanisch) oder Euskal Artzain Txakurra) (German).
    4. (em basco: Euskal artzain txakurra) (Portuguese).
    5. Artzain Txakurra, Euskal Artzain Txakurra (Spanish).

Euskal Artzain Txakurra
España Not recognized by the FCI

Euskal Artzain Txakurra

The Euskal Artzain Txakurra is not recognized by any international Cynological organization.

The Euskal Artzain Txakurra) It is a breed of dog originally from the Basque country. Is a breed traditionally used as a sheepdog and guard livestock. There are two varieties, the Gorbeiakoa and Iletsua.

The breed was recognised by the Royal Canine society of Spain the 1 in June of 1995.

From the official club of the breed, the “Euskal Artzain Txakurra” refers to those mixed-breed wool dogs that are seen in the villages of Euskal Herría., mostly white, Tan or black, have nothing to do with the reddish or tawny of the pure specimens of Euskal Artzain Txakurra.

Today, the Euskal Artzain Txakurra has only 413 copies recognized since the holding of the first monograph of the race.

Canarian Warren Hound
España FCI 329 . Primitive type - Hunting Dogs

Podenco Canario

The Canarian Warren Hound is brave, decided to, generous and extremely loyal to his master.

Content

History

The Canarian Warren Hound It is a breed canine Spanish Canary.

The Canarian Warren Hound, It is one of the oldest breeds that are known today, According to scholars of race data of ago 7000 years. This realize the numerous found vestiges of its representation in engravings, statues and bas-reliefs.

A native of Egypt, probably, He was taken by the Phoenicians, Greek, the same Egyptians to the Canary Islands and Carthaginian, where it is currently easy to see in the larger islands (Gran Canaria and Tenerife).

Since its inception, the Canarian Warren Hound has been placed in the wild and in the possession of the peasant who needed to hunt to survive. Given the perfect hunting qualities of this dog: his sense of smell, his ear and sharp vision, as his great speed in the race after the dam, the peasant has had, always, a wonderful ally, It has been able to take advantage of.

The Canarian Warren Hound, as its name suggests it is found in the Canary Islands, and a dog is little known and disseminated outside their place of origin, It is not easy to find puppies.

To the present day, is perfectly adapted, both the flat lands as stony and mountainous, sandy, or soft as meadows or swingeing; You can both enter caves that penetrates in Lava Tubes or galleries, in thickets or forests, in the end, not arredra before no obstacle.

Outside the hunting season, the living conditions of animals are very different: Well-kept dogs can be found and fed on clean kennels, as well as miserably neglected and malnourished chain dogs. Animals that are not or are no longer fit for hunting often suffer a cruel fate.
For this reason, dogs are increasingly placed abroad by animal protection organizations and individuals – an understandable and well-meaning activity, What, However, brings with it some problems: Dogs, who are usually already grown up, sometimes they are taken out of their simple rural living environment and taken to big cities. Noise and haste can be very harsh for them, his frequent lack of confidence in humans complicates him even more. His pronounced passion for hunting makes free will, that would be absolutely necessary for animal maintenance and to reduce stress, it's often difficult or impossible. In addition, in many cases are infected with so-called travel or Mediterranean diseases, that often require long and costly treatment.

Physical characteristics

The Canarian Warren Hound, is a dog from size medium, very light but tough.

The height to the cross males will of 55 to 64 cm and the females of 53 to 60 cm.. These measures have 2 cm tolerance up or down.

Has the muscles hyper developed and not adipose panniculus present is easy to appreciate the ribcage, the spine and hip bone.

Has the head elongated with little pronounced stop, the eyes are small, almond-shaped and oblique.

Their ears they are rather large, When the Earth State of arousal keeps them in erect and fall backwards when it is at rest, they are wide at the base and end up in tip.

The limb perfectly Plumb, they are straight, has fine but strong bones. The tail is low, You can take the low or sickle-shaped, but does not exceed Hock.

The hair the Podenco Canario is smooth, tight and short. In the layer color combinations within the following are supported colors: Red and white, with more or less intense red, and finally, Orange to mahogany.

Comments

:

These dogs start to hunt from an early age, giving cases of animals less than three months that show strong hunting instinct.

When they discover and/or they chase prey, they emit a characteristic short and repetitive bark, local hunters known as "sing a rabbit".

Character and skills

The Canarian Warren Hound is an animal that shows no aggression normally, extremely loyal and noble to teammate, restless, independent, stubborn, worker and intelligent.

It´s brave and decided to, the race is fast and very agile, generous and extremely fell to its owner.

There are no guard and defense attitudes, at home it is "all unknown friend", What makes it ideal as a pet.

If you are raised inside of a Home, Once overcome the first six months of hyperactive life, shown as a quiet animal and customize, attitude changes drastically once comes to the field of hunting.

In its role of Hunter He has always dedicated to the House of the rabbit and its most important feature is the ability that has to adapt to any type of terrain. It is capable of detecting the presence of the press inside cracks thorny bushes or stone walls, Podenco Canario only to follow the trail of the dam with the smell but not catch it.

Comments:

In the Canary Islands is used in conjunction with the huron, Since the latter catches the rabbit by the throat.

Caring for Canarian Warren Hound

As already mentioned, the dog should be given a housing environment that corresponds to its predisposition. Rural areas with low traffic and a manageable hunting density are appropriate.
Proper exercise in any weather with as much free running as possible is a must for this active dog.

The short coat is very easy to care for; just brush from time to time.

Canarian Warren Hound Health

The breed is basically a robust dog with low susceptibility to disease; therefore, breed-specific diseases are largely unknown.

However, the Canarian Warren Hound can suffer from the typical travel or Mediterranean diseases of dogs (among others, leishmaniosis, dirofilariasis, babesiosis, ehrlichiosis) like all the other dogs.
Many animals are chronically infected without showing symptoms of disease. However, these dogs are unhealthy and can infect other animals through vectors (ticks and blood-sucking insects).
Therefore, imported dogs should always be thoroughly examined for the diseases mentioned (the call “travel profile”).

The average life expectancy is about 12 years.

Images Canarian Warren Hound

Canarian Warren Hound videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 329
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 7: Primitive type – Hunting Dogs. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 7: Primitive type - Hunting dogs..

FCI standard Canarian Warren Hound

Canarian Warren Hound FCI Canarian Warren Hound FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Canary Island Podenco, Canary Island Hound, Podenco Canario (English).
    2. Podenco canario (French).
    3. Podenco Canario (German).
    4. Podenco Canario (Portuguese).
    5. Podenco Canario (Spanish).
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