Shetland Sheepdog
Escocia FCI 88 . Sheepdogs.

Shetland Sheepdog

The Shetland Sheepdog it's really friendly, lovely with children, intelligent and loyal.

Content

History

In the 19th century, in the North Shetland Islands of Scotland, the ancestors of Shetland Sheepdog, often called Sheltie, they helped flocks of sheep and sounded the alarm when strangers approached their farm.

However, the exact origins of this dog are as dark as the mist that covers his homeland. Its resemblance to him Rough Collie supports the theory that it is descended from these dogs, believed to have been imported from Scotland. However, Colleys breeders and various specialists refute this claim.

For them, the Sheltie would have developed in isolation on these islands, and they would be the result of different crosses. The races most frequently cited as contributors to its creation are the Icelandic Sheepdog, the Yakki de Groenlandia (an extinct race), the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, the Pomeranian and the Border Collie.

In any case, at the beginning of the 20th century it was often crossed Rough Collie, which reinforced the resemblance between the two races.

What is certain is that its small size was the result of the most rational selection work. Similar to the “Pony of Shetland”, known for its miniature size, locals gave preference to animals that needed little food, a rare commodity in this difficult region.

Although the Shetland Sheepdog it was especially appreciated in its native islands for its qualities of a sheepdog and alert, it was mainly his appearance that allowed him to get out of there. Visitors to England in the late 19th century were delighted with the small size and texture of the dog's coat. Shetland Sheepdog, and soon they wanted to take something home, which they did. Soon, some locals decided to start breeding for export, selecting breeders for height and coat. More and more individuals set out to conquer Britain and then the rest of the world. However, there were neither breed standards nor consultations between the different breeders, so the race developed in directions sometimes very distant from each other.

Things changed after the official recognition in 1909 by the Kennel Club, the leading organization in Great Britain. The name chosen was simply the name by which the dog had been known until then, the Shetland Sheepdog. This recognition helped to stabilize the breed by establishing a well-defined framework in which the different breeders had to work..

However, the chosen name was not to the liking of the colleys breeders, who pressured them and won their case in 1914: then it was officially renamed as Shetland Sheepdog.

In the meantime, the first specimens had arrived in the United States and, already in 1911, the American Kennel Club (AKC) also accepted it. Was not up 1948 that the United Kennel Club (UKC), the other reference organization in the United States, he did the same. It was followed by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1954, as well as by all other important institutions, including the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC).

Although the Shetland Sheepdog is now common all over the world, paradoxically it has become rare on its home island, where it has been replaced by the Border Collie for grazing.

This decline can also be seen in the rest of Britain. For example, Annual Kennel Club enrollments have dropped from more than 1300 less than 800 in less than a decade.

The phenomenon is also occurring in the United States, where he now occupies the position 25 (of a little less than 200) on the AKC popularity rankings, based on the annual number of people registered in the organization. In other words, has lost a lot of ground compared to the decades of 1980 and 1990, in which he was almost constantly among the 10 first, reaching a maximum of 40.000 records in 1993. The fall is slow but steady, since at the beginning of 2010, I was still in the 20 first positions.

The race “Father” of the Shetland Sheepdog "o"Sheltie"how often nickname", they are the Border Collie.

Physical characteristics

The Sheltie they have a double mantle, What makes this breed peleche much more than other dogs. Long hair covering the thick and soft layer base, is repellent to water, While the layer base provides relief to heat and cold.

There are three main colors: Sable, It ranges from the Golden to mahogany; Tri-color, formed by the black, White and Tan, and blue mirlo, composite grayscale, white, black and Tan.

Black and white: is less common but still acceptable.

Sand: the best-known color, dominates over other colors. The shadow Sabre, or mahogany can sometimes be confused with the Sheltie tricolor because of the large amount of dark shading in their coats. Another name for him Sheltie “shading”, is trifactorado sable and white. This name comes from the mixture of a tricolor and a sable and white. Other acceptable but less common color is Sable Merle, which sometimes can be difficult to distinguish between the regular sable after the time of puppy. The saber mirlo has patches of dark brown on a light brown background compared to the black and grey blue Merle.

There are other two colors that are a bit rare, which are unacceptable in the ring. The White Color-headed (most of white head “normally” marked), It is the product of two dogs crossed white facotrados. Double Merle, the product of the crossing of two Sheltie bluebird, they can be crossed but have a high incidence of deafness or blindness than other colors.

The ideal height at the cross, in males 37,5 cm.. The females. 35,5 cm.. One greater diversion of 2,5 cm above or below these measures is regarded as highly undesirable.

Character and skills

It is an excellent companion dog, highly loyal. It is joyful, intelligent and always ready to obey. The Sheltie is love, loyal and affectionate with the family and of course, on the sidelines, with strangers; for this reason the Sheltie must be socialized. Some may be very reserved. This breed is very well with children if they raise with them from an early age; However, its small size makes it easy for a child to accidentally harm them, This monitoring is necessary. Well consider bringing an adult Sheltie for a House with young children, they may not be compatible.

Some Sheltie tend to show a similar to a Terrier personality that tends to be hyperactive, and always ready, However this temperament is not sanctioned in the breed standard. Some may be shy, but this temperament is specifically discouraged by the standard. The trend towards shyness, It can be reduced with proper socialization. The average Sheltie is an excellent watch dog, giving alarm barks when a person is at the door or pass a car on the street.

The herding instinct is strong in many Sheltie. Love to chase and pasture including, squirrels, ducks, pigeons and children. The Sheltie love run in large open areas.

They normally love to play. They are better with a sensitive owner, but firm. The Sheltie is, first and foremost, a smart pastor and love to keep them busy, Although his level of activity, usually, It coincides with the level of its owner. As they are very intelligent, they are highly trainable. Lack of exercise and intellectual stimulation, It can lead to undesirable behaviors, including excessive barking, phobias and nervousness. Fortunately the annoying behaviors may decrease largely by an hour of exercise to make the dog with its owner.

In its category, the breed dominates Dog Agility competition. They also look at obedience competition, Flyball, Grazing, Tracking and proof of talent.

It is a very intelligent dog, According to Dr. Stanley city, expert on animal intelligence. The Sheltie It is one of the dogs brightest occupying the position number 6 in the Ranking of 132 evaluated races. His research found that an average Sheltie could understand a new command in less of 5 repetitions and yields to the command for the first time the 95% of the times or more.

Health

Similar to the Rough Collie, There is a tendency to inherit malformations and diseases in the eye. Each puppy should have his eyes examined by a qualified eye veterinarian. Some lines may be susceptible to hypothyroidism, Epilepsy, Hip Dysplasia, or skin allergies. The life expectancy of the Sheltie is between 10 and 15 years, Although some in some it may be more, and in others may be less.

Von Willebrand disease is an inherited bleeding disorder. The Sheltie breed, affected dogs, as a general rule, they do not live long. The Sheltie carry type III Von Willebrand, which, It is the most severe of the three levels. There are DNA tests that were developed to find the disease in dogs Sheltie. It can be done at any age and will showcase one of the following results: affected, carrier or affected not. The Sheltie may also suffer from hypothyroidism, It is the low functioning of the thyroid gland. Clinical symptoms include, loss of hair, on low weight and faintness.

Although small breed dogs are unlikely to be affected by hip dysplasia, It has been identified in some specimens of Sheltie. Occurs when the head of the femur and the acetabulum do not fit correctly, This causes pain and/or lameness. Hip Dysplasia is thought to be genetic; Many breeders sent to test their dogs to certify that they are free from this.

Characteristics "Shetland Sheepdog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Shetland Sheepdog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • AKC – PASTORAGE
  • ANKC – Group 5 (Working dogs)
  • CKC – Group 5 (Pastoral)
  • ​KC – Pastoral
  • NZKC – Work
  • UKCScenthounds


FCI breed standard "Shetland Sheepdog"

FCIFCI - Shetland Sheepdog
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Shetland Collie, Dwarf Scotch Shepherd, Sheltie (English).
    2. Shetland, Sheltie (French).
    3. Sheltie (German).
    4. Sheltie (Portuguese).
    5. Miniature Collie, Sheltie (Spanish).

Skye terrier
Escocia FCI 75 .Small sized Terriers.

Skye terrier

The Skye It is a typical Terrier: tenacious hard with a propensity to bark and dig.

Content

History

The Skye terrier it is one of the oldest Scottish breeds. The Skye was known as the Western Isles Terrier which comprised the Skye Terrier with a mixture of races like their ancestors, including prototypes of the Cairn Terrier.

References to a terrier Scottish island of Skye back to long ago. In his book of the sixteenth century “Ingleses Dogs”, Johannes Caius wrote that the Skye Terrier was “out of the barbarous borders of the countries farthest north… what, because of the length of hair, does it look or face or body”. That certainly sounds like a description of profuse coat Skye.

The dogs were bred to hunt and kill foxes, badgers and otters that threatened livestock farm or property damage caused. His long coat and his facial hair were meant to protect them from injuries and rainy weather typical of Scotland.

Three centuries later, the Queen Victoria, dogs lover, he became interested in the race during one of his visits to Scotland, and dogs became fashionable pets noblewomen. It was said that even a duchess would be ashamed to show his face in the park without the company of a Skye. A portrait of Queen Victoria with one of his Skyes, Rona II, was painted by William Nicholson, and other Sykes appeared in paintings Sir Edwin Landseer.

Under threat of extinction

There is concern that the breed could disappear entirely, since during 2012 only 44 puppies were born in the UK. The particularly lowest period for this breed was in 2005, when they registered only 30 Puppies. Today this is the most threatened canine breed within the UK Kennel Club classification of Vulnerable Breeds3, and it is calculated that if we continue like this within 40 years the breed could go extinct.

Did You Know?

One of the best known and loved Skye Terrier It was Greyfriars Bobby, who faithfully he watched the grave of his owner, John Grey, during 14 years after the death of man. A statue honoring the loyalty of the dog is visited Edinburgh for dog lovers around the world.

Physical characteristics

The Skye terrier it's a long-bodied dog. Its length is twice its size with good length hair. It moves seemingly effortlessly. its members, body and jaws are strong. His head is long and powerful. It has a long body and under. The flat edges occur because the coat that falls straight.

The mantle is double layer. The inner layer should consist of short hair, thick, soft and fleecy. The outer layer for reasonably long hair, hard, straight, flattened without curls that should never prevent movement. On the head the hair is shorter, softer and falls over his forehead eyes watching but not preventing vision. He meets the hair on the sides of the head, surrounding ears like a fringe allowing appreciate the way.

Its color can be black, dark or light gray, Griffon, cream, all with black markings.
Its ideal height is 25 – 26 cm..
Length from tip of nose to tip of tail: 105 cm.. Females are slightly smaller in the same proportions.

Health

The Skye Terriers They may be affected by various medical conditions, including eye problems (as glaucoma and dislocation of the lens), hipotiriodismo, of von Willebrand disease (a disorder of blood clotting), allergies and ulcerative colitis.

The “lameness of Skye” or “cojera dog” sometimes it occurs in puppies between 3 and 10 months of age. You can resolve without treatment, but some veterinarians suggest that activity is restricted. The Skye Terriers They can also undergo genetic forms of liver and kidney disease. The breeder of your puppy should be willing – in fact, anxious – to review health records of their dogs and discuss the prevalence of these and other health problems in their lines.

Character and skills

The Skye It is a classic Terrier: bold to, good, anything, friendly people who know, reserved and cautious with strangers. An old Scottish word, “clever”, It applies to him too. It is an intelligent dog and prudent people will consider carefully before deciding whether granted his affections. However, Once you are given, They are given lifetime.

It may not seem like a great athlete at first sight, but Skye has resistance, strength and agility galore. You'll find it by participating in agility, obedience and tracking, but it is also a partner willing sofa. Two or three rides 15 minutes or day games meet your exercise needs, but he is willing to further game if you are. If your temperament permits, Skye can also be a therapy dog ​​cheerful, visiting people in facilities such as nursing homes and children's hospitals.

Like all terrier, the Skye has a mind of its own, but learns well. Train this sensitive dog with loving firmness and enjoy their trust and respect will win.

Characteristics "Skye terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Skye terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Skye terrier"/h2>

Videos "Skye terrier"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI breed standard "Skye terrier"

FCIFCI - Skye terrier
Skye

Alternative names:

    1. Skye (English).
    2. Skye (French).
    3. Skye (German).
    4. Skye (Portuguese).
    5. Skye (Spanish).

Photos:

1 – Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
2 – Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3 – A Skye terrier at the 2019 Kelso Dog Show © Copyright Walter Baxter and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
4 – Skye Terrier, Gold Country Kennel Club Dog Show, Grass Valley by Larry Miller – Flicker