Cairn Terrier - Dogs breeds | Pets

Posted by tiadoc | 22 April 2011

- Escocia FCI 4

Cairn Terrier

The Cairn Terrier It was originally bred as a hunting dog, to kill rats, Badgers, foxes
HistoryPhysical characteristicsCharacter and skillsImagesVideos

The Cairn Terrier It is one of the oldest breeds of Terrier, originating in Scotland and recognized as one of the first Scottish working dogs. It was created for hunting and the prey's burrow. The Cairn Terrier are buzzards. In Scotland they hunted rats and other rodents.

In our country house, will do the job of a cat, often hunting mice, rabbits and squirrels.

Cairn Terrier belongs to the family of the Scottish Terrier. They are five:

  • The Scottish.
  • The Westie.
  • Dandie Dinmont.
  • The Skye.
  • The Cairn.

The characteristics of the current breed are carefully modeled on his ancestor, the Terrier of the Isle of Skye 17th century. It is believed that this dog was the basis for developing races such as the lion and the Scottish.

The history of the Cairn Terrier is reinforced by the fact that the modern Cairn is an attempt to preserve the typical form of the Terrier of the old days, a dog of work of the Isle of Skye. Known in his native Scotland for more than 500 years, It is believed that it is the oldest of the Terrier.
Cairn Terrier was originally bred as a hunting dog, to kill rats, Badgers, foxes, weasels, and other small insects. He is a native of the Isle of Skye, but to avoid confusion with the current Skye Terrier, He was appointed Cairn Terrier, in honor of rock piles and where used to search for their prey in their Scottish lands.

Physical characteristics

These dogs of short legs have a countenance of stooped appearance. Its thick cloak of hair is usually greyish in colour, light brown or sand, Although they are allowed all colors other than white.

A notable feature of Cairns Terrier is the change in color of the fur throughout his life. Is not uncommon to its striped pass to be increasingly more grey or silver, as you age. The fur has two layers, a soft, dense stuck to the skin, and other hard and rough, external. It is the smallest of the Terrier (the largest is the Scottish), its weight is of 6 to 7,5 kg. And its appeal is in 28 to 31 cm..

Many times, is defined to the Cairn Terrier as a “big dog trapped in the body of a small dog”, is an ex-officio adventurer, Intelligent, strong, loyal and hard, It is not at all a delicate and lap dog.

Standard FCI

HEAD : Small but proportionate to the body. Well covered head hair.


Skull : Width, with a well-marked indentation between the eyes.

Depression links (Stop) : Well defined.


Truffle : Black.

Snout : Powerful.

JAWS / teeth : Big teeth. Strong JAWS, but never long or large, with regular scissor bite, perfect and complete, that is to say that the internal face of the maxillary incisors is in close contact with the outer side of the lower incisors and placed at right angles to the jaws.

Eyes : Placed well apart, medium-sized, dark brown, slightly sunken and abundant eyebrows.

Ears : Small and finished in tip, well erect, not very long hair covers or gaskets.

NECK : With good implementation in the backs and not very short.



Back : Straight and medium-long.

Pork loin : Strong and elastic.

Breast : Ribs well arched and deep.


TAIL : Short, provided, well covered with hair but not forming fringes. Its implementation should not be high or low, It must be carried happily but never stooped toward the back.




FORMER MEMBERS : Cutlery to wire-haired. Medium length and good bone but not very heavy.

Back : Oblique.

Elbows : Never returned outward or inward.



Thighs : Very strong and muscular.

Knees : Good, but not excessive angulation.

Hocks : Well descended, seen from the rear never inclined outward or inward.


FEET : The previous larger than the later ones, and may be slightly deviated outward. The pads should be thick and strong. Small feet, Straits, extended separate fingers with long nails is a defect.


MOVEMENT : Walking should be easy and free movements. Front members should have a good breadth forward. Subsequent members must provide a strong driving power. Hocks should not be close together or far apart.




HAIR : The texture of the hair is very important. You must withstand the weather and have a double layer: The outer layer is formed by hair, hard but not rough, the subhair should be short, smooth and dense. The hollow hair is a defect. Allowed a slight ripple.

COLOR : Cream, yellow, red, gray or nearly black. Accepted the Brindle in all these colors, but not so solid black, white or black and fire. Are very typical dark spots on the ears and muzzle.


HEIGHT AND WEIGHT : Approximately 28 – 31 cm. (11-12 inches) at the height of the cross, but in proportion to the weight, being the ideal weight between 6 and 7,5 kg (14-16 English pounds).


FAULTS : Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the seriousness is considered to the extent of the deviation to the standard and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog.


Any dog showing clear signs of physical abnormalities or behavior should be disqualified.


N.B. : Los machos deben tener dos apariencia testiculos normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.

TRANSLATION: SR. Lic. Oscar Valverde Calvo (Costa Rica) and Dr. Federico del Valle

Character and skills

Are commonly active, resistant, they are always on alert and cheerful, they are prized as pets because they are relatively easy to train and adapt well to small houses or apartments that do not require more than one vigorous hike per day.

As most of the Terrier, they love to dig looking for real or imagined prey. Therefore, If you want to keep your lawn in conditions, It is not advisable to leave it many hours only.

Usually, they mix well with other dogs, But if there is possibility of confrontation they will defend their territory, they can't go back and face whatever lack. With the family they are very protectors and they usually get along with children, Although they do not hold any gross game, as pulling of ears, Rabo…

Walking is an excellent exercise for Cairns and their owners. It is advisable to give long daily walks.

The life expectancy of these dogs is of 12-14 years, they tend to have the fairly delicate skin (and as they grow older, even more).

Cairn Terrier pictures
  • Alternative names: Cairn
  • Group 3 / Section 2 – Small sized Terrier

Dogs breeds: Cairn Terrier


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