Icelandic Sheepdog
Islandia FCI 289 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

Icelandic Sheepdog

The muzzle expression of the Icelandic Sheepdog recalls a smile that highlights your cheerful temperament.



¿De dónde viene el Perro de pastor islandés?

For many centuries the Icelandic Sheepdog was the “Swiss knife” of the lonely farms and workshops of the great North Atlantic island. En el clima extremadamente duro tenían que arrear ovejas, keep small vermin, help in hunting, así como cuidar de la casa y la granja y especialmente de los niños. On the one hand they are considered as shepherd dogs and on the other hand as Nordic Spitz. In any case, they're extremely smart, ágiles, flexible and robust man's aides.

Its existence was in grave danger only recently. Debido a las enfermedades introducidas y a la mezcla con perros de pedigrí importados legal e ilegalmente a la isla, parecían ya extinguidos. Entonces los islandeses reconocieron el peligro que rodeaba a su único perro nativo y tomaron medidas específicas contra él.

Today, esta raza de perro única parece estar por encima de la colina en su población. The Icelandic Sheepdog enjoys increasing popularity outside Iceland. Genetically speaking, has been able to maintain his Nordic identity. This is confirmed by at least a thorough genetic analysis from 2017 of more than 100 breeds of dogs by a team of geneticists led by Heidi Parker.

The Icelandic dog has become very popular outside of his original home as a friendly, excitante y fascinante perro de compañía y de familia. Aún conserva gran parte de su capacidad original de actuación, expressed in his desire to move, to work with friends and to be very alert. In 1972 was officially recognized by the FCI (International Cynological Federation).

Physical characteristics

The Icelandic Sheepdog of “Islenskur Fjárhundures una raza de perro muy antigua y la única en Islandia. The Icelandic dog is a medium-sized dog, which is coughy and only at first glance resembles a medium-sized dog. It has a dense fur, weather insensitive and robust. The top layer is medium or long, with a dense, soft sub-hair. There are Icelandic dogs with short and long hair. Different colors are allowed, from tanning to cream, chocolate brown, grey or black. Dogs should always have white markings.

The standard describes its overall appearance in this way:

The Icelandic Sheepdog is a Nordic grazing Spitz; it's a little less than medium-sized and has pointed ears and a screwed tail. Seen on side, has a rectangular format, that is to say, the length of your body from the tip of your nose to the tip of your buttock exceeds your height to the cross. The depth of the chest box is equal to the length of the front legs.

¿Qué tamaño tiene un Perro de pastor islandés?

Males must have a height at the cross of some 46 centimeters, the females 42 centimeters. The standard does not give any information about weight.

Longevity of an Icelandic Sheepdog

One Icelandic dog seriously raised must have a life expectancy of 12 years or more.

Character and skills

The Icelandic Sheepdog remains an agile grazing dog and a watchdog at the center of his being. However, outside Iceland, por lo general sólo se cría como perro de compañía. This is not a disadvantage. Rather he finds very well in his current role as family dog and companion. But it's still very agile and needs your workload. He feels comfortable watching and protecting and also likes to bark. At the same time it is a very friendly family dog that turns to people. He is considered very fond of children.

The official rule correctly describes its character as follows:

The Icelandic Sheepdog it's a sturdy grazing dog, agile and noisy and, therefore, extremadamente útil para el pastoreo y la conducción de ganado en los pastos y en las montañas, así como para el rastreo de ovejas perdidas. He is alert by nature and welcomes every visitor enthusiastically without being aggressive. His hunting instinct is underdeveloped. The Icelandic Sheepdog is happy, friendly, curious, playful and not afraid.

The Icelandic Sheepdog is definitely suitable for the ambitious beginner.

Cuidado, health and diseases

¿Cuánto cuidado necesita un Perro de pastor islandés?

An Icelandic dog needs to be roasted during fur change. The top and bottom layer should be brushed intensely.

¿Hay alguna enfermedad típica de la raza en los perros islandeses?

The Icelandic Sheepdog it's essentially a healthy and robust breed of dog.

¿Qué comida es mejor para un perro islandés?

The Icelandic Sheepdog is a trouble-free and unre demanding food. Of course, High quality food is good for your health and test. Como a la mayoría de los perros, sometimes he likes a bone of fleshy beef and fresh meat.

Considerations before purchase

¿Dónde puedes comprar un perro islandés?

If you are interested in a Icelandic Sheepdog, deberías buscar un criador de perros islandés local que esté afiliado a algún club oficial de perros nórdicos. Deberías arreglar esto a tiempo, because puppies are rare.

Icelandic Sheepdog Education and Maintenance

¿Me conviene un perro islandés?

The Icelandic Shepherd Dog is a friendly and breus dog. He wants to integrate into the family and can fit in without problems. Lo ideal es una casa con un jardín en el campo. But that's not an obligation.. You can also keep it in an apartment in the city, whenever you deal with him every day.

The Icelandic Sheepdog is a loving member of the family and a great companion for children. Welcome visitors amicably and stormily. Their cordiality is contagious. If you get too bored, puede gastar su energía en los muebles o se convierte en un ladrón.

Since the Icelandic Sheepdog tiene poco instinto de caza hoy en día, the excursions with him to nature are quite relaxed. With an Icelandic dog you can go on a trip without problems. In the car – just by the hair – an aluminum transport box is recommended.

One Icelandic Sheepdog needs to be looked after by fur. Es muy importante que los humanos y los perros tengan un interés común en mucho movimiento y en explorar la naturaleza. Icelandic dog is not a sofa stuffed animal.

He can be trained very well. He is open and honest and likes to work alongside his master or carer. El arte radica en encontrar el nivel correcto de consistencia y guía para este perro muy animado y al mismo tiempo sensible e inteligente. La base decisiva es siempre un estrecho vínculo emocional y de confianza mutua. Because of their good behavior, you can easily do, a certain amount of work is a basic requirement. A frustrated Icelandic dog won't thank you as an obedient companion. But this is only in the possession of your caregiver. From puppy, you have to keep an eye on your eagerness to report, que está relacionado con el ladrido de alegría. Aquí debe ponerle las riendas estrictas, if you don't live on a lonely, lonely property. Once again, the Icelandic Sheepdog is more effective than any alarm system.

Characteristics "Icelandic Sheepdog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Icelandic Sheepdog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

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Suitability of the apartment ?

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Can be alone all day ?

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Suitable as a first dog ?

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Weight gain ?

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Health ?

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Intelligence ?

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Kindness with child ?

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Tendency to bite ?

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Tendency to bark ?

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Tendency to flee ?

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Fuerza de caída del cabello ?

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Suitable as a guard dog ?

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Joy ?

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Cat friendliness ?

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Nivel de energía ?

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Images "Icelandic Sheepdog"


1 – Icelandic Sheepdog, remembering a Corgis by Thomas Quine / CC BY-SA
2 – Icelandic Sheepdog by
3 – Icelandic Sheepdog by Canarian / CC BY-SA
4 – Icelandic Sheepdog by
5 – Icelandic Sheepdog by Alan Levine / CC BY
6 – Icelandic Sheepdog by Svenska Mässan from Sweden / CC BY

Videos "Icelandic Sheepdog"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..
  • AKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
  • CKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
  • UKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

FCI breed standard "Icelandic Sheepdog"

FCIFCI - Icelandic Sheepdog

Alternative names:

    1. Icelandic Spitz, Iceland Dog, Íslenskur fjárhundur, Islandsk, Fårehund, Friaar Dog, Canis Islandicus (English).
    2. Berger islandais, Berger d’IslandeFrench).
    3. Isländischer Spitz, Isländischer Schäferhund (German).
    4. Islenskur fjárhundur (Portuguese).
    5. Íslenskur Fjárhundur (español).
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