The Border Collie It was developed in the Highlands of Scotland lands with the end of pasture for days in the toughest terrain and more variable climate.
The forerunner of this breed arrived in the British Isles between the 5th century BC. and I BC. now that some of the communities Celts who crossed Europe settled in Ireland with their cattle and their dogs. Hence comes the name Collie, “useful” in Welsh, language of these people.
These groups were then moved to the Scottish region where arose the race of the Highland Collie giving it birth later in the area between Scotland and England, to the Border Collie (the English: “The useful dog of the border“).
The Border Collie is a dog of medium size, well proportioned, that can weigh between 16 and 23 kg. It has a double cloak of hair that supports various colors, variations of black, toasted and white though white should never be the predominant color, the fur is impermeable, It can be dense and coarse, or dense, soft. The body has athletic appearance, low chest, strong and agile.
The altitude varies between 46,5 and 56 cm for males and between 46 and 53 centimeters in females. The tail is moderately long, slightly curved, well populated, with a lock of his hair white at the end of the same.
There are two coat varieties, moderately long and short. In both, the outer layer is dense and has a medium texture; the inner layer is dense and soft, which gives it good protection against the inclement weather. In dogs that have a moderately long fur, the abundant hair is Manes, fringes and tail brush. In the face, lores, previous members (except for the fringes) and later members from hocks to the ground, the hair should be short and smooth.
He is loyal to his own and especially who take as leader, with who comes to forge an unconditional link. His gaze is one of its main features, in the moments of work never apart from its leader, denoting a capacity of rare focus on the rest of dog breeds. He is happy when working, enjoy doing it.
According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges (“"The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Border Collie is the No. 1 from the list.
It is a clever dog, very acute hearing, with a broad response capacity but, above all, It has a great agility and is owner of extreme intelligence, both functional and obedience.
His strong herding instinct, coupled with his tenacity and resistance, It places it among the most required to bring races, controlling and driving flocks, proving the best breed of dog existing pastor.
It´s awake, vigilant, responsive and intelligent. Affectionate and docile, sociable with humans and other animals. He possesses an innate curiosity. It is a working dog and requires exercise in large or open spaces. You need to feel that it is part of a group and it has a function in the same. As it is a breed of grazing need daily physical activity.
Slender, regular and easy, raising little toes, which gives the impression that move furtively and at high speed. The Agility It is a sport open to all those people who have one or more dogs (Whatever your race, with or without pedigree). It consists of dogs led by their guides are able to overcome a series of obstacles in order to put in evidence the intelligence, obedience, concentration, sociability and agility.
Border Collie stands out in this sport for both physical and mental characteristics. If any of these tests has been occasionally observed, It has not been avoided to realize that the Border Collie are present in many of them and they end up always doing well.
- Alternative names: Scotch Sheep Dog / Sheepdog
- Group 1 / Section 1 – Shepherd dogs
Dogs breeds: Border Collie