Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
England FCI 136

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is small, loving and playful.
HistoryPhysical characteristics

Small spaniels dogs have been popular for hundreds of years company. They were found in royal courts and noble houses in Spain (whence the name of the spaniel), France, England and Scotland, and they were often featured in portraits of their owners. A Scottish Stuarts were especially fond of dogs. Maria, Queen of Scots, He had a spaniel at his side when he was executed, to the same as their offspring, King Charles I of England. Were Carlos and his son Charles II who lent his name to the dogs that eventually became known as the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels.

The popularity of the toy Spaniels began to decline after a new king, Guillermo, replace Jaime II (Stuart also) on the throne of England. William was the Netherlands, and favored Pugs. People began crossing pugs and Spaniels, and eventually he changed his appearance, becoming flatter with a domed head. Dogs like those seen in old portraits practically disappeared, except for a few lines here and there, such as guarding the Churchill family at Blenheim Palace.

Dogs could have vanished in the past except for Roswell Eldridge, a rich American who offered a prize to anyone who could produce a dog like those he had seen in the paintings of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

New Spaniels

British breeders accepted the challenge and rebuilt race, working with English Toy Spaniels long nose (called King Charles Spaniels in England). The first of the “new” Spaniels was exhibited in 1928 Crufts Dog Show in. Unfortunately, Eldridge did not live long enough to see, but his estate paid the prize. Since then, Cavalier has evolved into what it is today: a robust and very popular companion, combining the curiosity of a hunting dog with the affection of a toy dog ​​by people.

The Cavalier is ranked 23rd among the breeds registered by the American Kennel Club, against the 54th Year 2000. This is one of the biggest jumps in popularity in the last decade.

Physical characteristics

Various health issues affect this race in particular, especially the mitral valve disease, that leads to heart failure. This will appear in the majority of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel at some point in their lives and is the most common cause of death. Also, a high number of copies usually present a genetic condition called Syringomyelia, which causes the brain to grow in greater proportion than the skull of the dog, i.e. the brain remains tight inside the skull causing havoc neuronal causing severe pain to the animal and uncontrollable tremors.

Measures vary between the different dog federations in the world. But there is a certain consensus that allows us to get an idea of the standard.

The eyes are large, round, well separated in the face. Dark brown. The ears are placed high on the head, well separated, they are long with many fringes and moderately long hair (pen). Snout and bite: Slightly cropped. Length of the base of the stop to the tip of the nose must be of a 3,8 cm.. It prefers the Scissor bite. The tail has moderated with long fringe hair length (well defined pen). It keeps it behind the body, rarely higher than the back. It is always her moving when it is in action.

The height at the cross or the shoulders is of 30 to 33 cm and the weight of 4,5 to 8,2 kg.

The life expectancy of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is of 11 to 12 years. Although there have been documented several cases that have managed to live until the 16 years.

The mantle is composed of soft hair, silky, of moderate length. It may be slightly hondeado. Should not cut you and has to be brushed frequently.

The colors of the mantle of this breed are basically four: Blenheim, Tricolor, Ruby, Black and Brown.

  • The Blenheim: base is White Pearl with well-defined chestnuts marks. The ears are the chestnut.
  • The Tricolor: base is White Pearl with well defined black markings. The ears are black. On the eyes, cheeks, inside the ears and at the bottom of the tail is brown.
  • Ruby: Ruby is called the solid reddish brown color. Is considered a lack if you have white markings.
  • The black and Brown: is basic black with Brown markings above the eyes, cheeks, inside of the ears, on the chest, at the bottom of the tail and legs. Is considered a lack if you have white markings.
Standard according to FCI of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

General appearance

active dog, graceful and well balanced, with a friendly expression.

Temperament/behavior

It is a sporting dog, affectionate without any shyness. Cheerful, friendly, nonaggressive without any hint of nervousness.

Head

Cranial region

  • Skull: Almost flat between the ears.
  • Depression nasal fronto (Stop): shallow.

Facial region

  • Truffle: Well developed and black in color, without flesh marks.
  • Snout: The distance from the base of the fronto nasal depression to the tip of the nose is 3,8 cm.. The muzzle gradually decreases toward the tip. The face is well filled under the eyes. Any hint of undesirable snipiness.
  • Lips: well developed, but without hanging.
  • JAWS/teeth: Strong JAWS, with perfect scissor bite, regular and complete, namely, that the inner face of the upper incisors is in close contact with the outer face of the lower incisors; teeth should be set square in the jaws.
  • Eyes: Large, dark, round but not protuberant, fairly wide apart.
  • Ears: long, set high and covered with plenty of feather.

Neck

Moderately long and slightly arched.

Body

  • Back: Level.
  • Pork loin: Short.
  • Breast : Moderately developed with well sprung ribs.

Tail

The length of the tail should be in harmony with the body, well established, carried gaily but never over the back line. Amputation is optional. If you cut, should not amputate his third over.

Tips

Former members

straight members and bones moderately developed.

  • Shoulder: well laid.

Later members

Bones moderately developed.

  • Knees: Well angulated.
  • Hocks: They shall show no trace of having a cow or sickle.

Feet

Compact, footpads with thick and well covered with long hair flecoso.

Movement

Movement of moving and elegant with a lot of drive from hindlimbs. Seen from the front from behind, the forelimbs and later move in a plane parallel.

Fur

Hair

Long, silky without curling. A slight undulation is allowed. With many fringe. Do not cut at all.

Color

The colors are recognized:

  • Black and Tan: glossy black with tan markings over eyes, cheeks, inside of the ears, on the chest, in the extremities and the lower part of the tail. Tan should be bright. The white spots are undesirable.
  • Ruby: Bright red uniform. The white spots are undesirable.
  • Blenhein: Brown spots well distributed live on a white background. The spots should be divided equally over the head, leaving a space between the ears for a brand (lunar, lozenge mark) much valued (distinctive characteristic of the breed).
  • Tricolor: Black and white well spaced, broken, blotchy fire on the eyes, cheeks, inside of the ears, on the inside of the lower limbs and tail.

Any other color or combination of colors is very undesirable.

Weight

Between 5 and 9 kg. a small well-balanced dog that is between these weights is desirable.

Fouls

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault, and the seriousness of it is considered to the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on health and welfare of the dog.

Any dog showing clear signs of physical abnormalities or behavior should be disqualified.

Note: Males should have two apparently normal testicles, fully descended into the scrotum.

 

Character and skills

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is small, loving and playful. The typical Cavalier is always cheerful, confident and carefree, friend of everyone you know. True to its heritage “protective dogs”, the Cavaliers love to be in a lap.

Cavalier temperament ranges from sweet and placid until hard and stubborn. Sweet and placid Cavaliers sometimes have the reputation of being fools, and stubborn for not being trainable, but in general, These dogs are intelligent and learn quickly. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, especially when they offered food rewards, but the harsh words will leave them or even try to hide. A Cavalier should never be shy or aggressive towards people or other dogs.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, ranks 44 "designed by Stanley Coren's list of"The intelligence of dogs”.

Cavaliers live to be with his people. Dogs generally love children and do well in families with older children who throw them a ball, They teach them tricks or just hang out with them. However, due to its small size, Cavaliers should be protected from clumsy toddlers can fall on them or “fondle” too hard.

Some things you should know about the Cavaliers: love to lick, love to chase moving objects (especially Feathered) and can be manipulative when they want food (those eyes!). It is difficult or impossible to stop these behaviors, so it is necessary to find a way to avoid, as always keep the dog tied up in the cities and be firm when the Cavaliers want to share the fries.

The Cavaliers is not perfect. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, You may develop obnoxious barking levels, digging and other undesirable behavior if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised.

Training of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start training or have to deal with more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer so that when it is between 10 and 12 weeks old is a sociable dog. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until immunizations are completed for puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus).

Instead of formal training, you can start training your puppy at home and socialize with family and friends until immunizations are completed for puppies.

Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make amazingly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.

Images Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Vídeos Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Facts

CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL || DEPORTIVO Dog Race, carià ± bears and quiet || Historia amide © ????

Dogs 101- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

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Ratings of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Plantearte before acquiring a dog race “Cavalier King Charles Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Exercise Needs ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Otros nombres: Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel, Cav, Cavie, Cavalier

Group 9 ➝ pet dogs / Section 7 ➝ Spaniels English Company.
Without working trial.

Images:

-Picture of Alexas_Fotos inPixabay 
Mario Simoes
– Kfiatek4300 [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
– Bru-no(pixabay.com)

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