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- Alemania FCI 97

Pomerania

The Pomerania very active, independent, Intelligent, brave and loyal.

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History

The Pomerania (Dwarf German Spitz, Lulu from Pomerania or Deutscher Zwergspitz) It is a dog of the Spitz family, named for the region of Pomerania Central, Eastern Germany, and is classified as a dog “Toy” because of its small size.

The ancestors of the Pomerania were Iceland and Lapland sled dogs, He came to Europe because of Pomerania.

The region of Pomerania, washed to the North by the Baltic Sea and bounded westward by the island of Rügen and on the East by the Vistula River, It was occupied by many peoples, Celtic, Slavs, Poles, Swedes, Danish and Prussian. Its name comes from Pomore or Pommern, what it means “by the sea”, and it was given in times of Charlemagne. Is in Pomerania where the Spitz won fame as a pet and dog work.

Dog breeders improved fur and adapted to the dog to urban life, but the Pomeranian still weighed more than 10 kg to arrive in England.

The reduction of size of the animal and the development of its variety of colors is attributed to breeders, following methods of trial and error and by applying the genetic theories of Gregor Mendel. The current Pomeranian is small due to selective breeding, but retains the robustness and coat typical of dogs in cold climates.

It was Queen Charlotte of England which introduced the Pomeranian among the nobility of his country, but the Pomeranian only achieved international fame when her granddaughter Victoria returned from a vacation in Florence, Italy with a Pomeranian named Marco.

It should be noted that, the Pomeranian as a modern race did not exist until the 19th century. The dogs of the Queens Charlotte and Victoria were much larger, probably a German Spitz and a Spitz Volpino. The same can be said of other historical owners of pre-19th century Pomeranian dogs.

However this nomination can be discussed already in a painting of the 15th century by the author Jan Van Eyck, entitled “The Arnolfini marriage” There is a dog with the same characteristics of the Pomeranian. The closest relatives of the Pomeranian are the Norwegian Elkhound Hunter, the Samoyed, the Schipperke and the family of the Spitz.

According to official documents, in the sinking of the Titanic, on the morning of the 15 in April of 1912, only 3 dogs were able to be rescued, being two of them race Pomerania. Is known that one of them was called “Lady”, and was owned by Margaret Hays, who also saved his life.

Physical characteristics

According to the rules, the Pomeranian must be balanced; in other words, all parts of your body must be proportionate. You must also have a warning reflex expression of his temperament, that tends to make them very indicated as guard dogs.

Its head is triangular in shape, What gives true zorruno aspect. The ears are small and raised. The tail, characteristic of the breed, You must bend on back and behave high and horizontal.

With a weight of 1.4 to 3.2 kg and a height to the cross of 18 to 22 cm., According to the AKC standards, the Pomerania is the smaller Nordic race.

The coat of the Pomeranian has two layers, the internal, dense and smooth, and the foreign, long, LaCie and more rough. Males move the bottom once a year; intact females do during heat, After giving birth, and in times of anxiety.

The Pomeranian are generally a healthy breed, resistant and long, they live between 12 and 16 years. Its main problem is the dislocation of patella. There may also be Legg-Calvé-Perthes syndrome and hip dysplasia, Although they are less frequent in this small breed.

They are also prone to suffer dry keratoconjunctivitis, unrest in the lacrimal ducts and falls, It can appear in young adults and lead to blindness.

Are common skin diseases, especially allergies (It tend to produce acute moist dermatitis or moist eczema) and follicular dysplasia. Other problems include hypothyroidism, epilepsy and hypoglycemia. Occasionally, Hydrocephalus can occur in puppies.

The Pomeranian, like most of the races “Toy”, they are prone to dental problems, It is recommended to brush their teeth every week and, If it is possible, daily.

The care of the hair of the Pomeranian is similar to the Peking. It is essential to brush them daily or at least twice per week to the thick fur is not enmarañe, seasonal moulting. Recommended care newspaper of ears and nails, as well as seasonal baths. However, is better to not bathe them too, the loss of essential oils can damage skin and fur.

Pomerania: Standard FCI

HEAD

CRANIAL REGION:

  • Skull: The skull of the Spitz is size medium; viewed from above seems to swell back becoming more narrow wedge shaped to the tip of the nose.
  • Depression links (Stop): Little steep until marked, but never abrupt.

FACIAL REGION:

  • Truffle: Round, small, black; in all Brown Spitz is dark brown.
  • Snout: Not very long, Neither coarse nor pointed; It presents a good proportion in relation to the skull (in the Spitz type Keeshond/Wolf, in the large Spitz and medium Spitz the ratio snout/skull is approximately 2/3, in the small Spitz and the Spitz/Pomeranian dwarf is approximately 2/4).
  • Lips: They are not hanging; they are well bonded and do not form folds in the corners. They are black in all colours, the Brown Spitz are brown.
  • JAWS / Teeth: The jaws have a normal development and show a complete scissor bite with 42 teeth, It is to say that the upper incisors fall closely ahead of the lower, teeth being implemented perpendicularly to the jaws. In small and dwarf Spitz / Pomeranian is tolerable, the loss of a few premolars. One bite iron on all varieties of Spitz.
  • Cheeks: The cheeks are slightly round and are not prominent.
  • Eyes: The eyes are medium-sized, elongated, a little oblique, Dark. The eyelids have a black pigmentation in all varieties of color and are only dark brown in the Brown variety Spitz.
  • Ears: Sharp sharpness triangle-shaped ears are small and rather closely placed together. Its inclusion is high. Remain always erect with the rigid tip.

NECK: The neck is moderately long and presents a broad inclusion with shoulders; the neck is slightly convex, without dewlap and covered with a mane shaped collar.

BODY:

  • Top line: The top line starts at the tip of the erect ears and passes as a soft arc on the back straight and short. The deployed and with abundant fur tail partially covers the back and rounded silhouette.
  • Cross / Back: The high cross falls imperceptibly on the short back, straight and strong.
  • Pork loin: Short, wide and strong.
  • Rump: The rump is short and wide, unexpired.
  • Breast : Deep chest, well arched; the apron is well developed.
  • Bottom line and belly: The chest is expanded as much as possible back; the abdomen is moderately retracted.

TAIL: The tail has a high insertion and a medium length; bent upward from the roots and winds on the back extending firmly. Well covered with thick hair. A double loop in the tip of the tail is acceptable.

LIMBS

PREVIOUS MEMBERS:

  • As a whole: Straight, large on the front.
  • Shoulder: The scapula is long, placed backwards at an angle. The arm, showing almost the same length, with the scapula forms an angle of approximately 90 degrees. Shoulders with good musculature are closely linked with the chest.
  • Arm: Medium length, robust and fully straight on the trunk, covered with long hair in the form of pen in the posterior region.
  • Elbows: The elbow joint is strong, close to the chest without bending inward or outward.
  • Metacarpus: The Metacarpus strong and medium length, It forms an angle of 20 ° to the perpendicular line.
  • Front feet: The front feet are as small as possible, round, Compact, as cat with well arched toes feet. Pads and nails are black in all varieties of Spitz, and they are only dark brown on brown dogs.

LATER MEMBERS:

  • As a whole: The hindquarters are very muscular, covered with very long hair up to the Hock joint. The hind limbs are straight and parallel with each other.
  • Thigh and leg: They have approximately the same length.
  • Knee: The knee joint is strong, slightly angled and, during the movement, It does not twist outward or inward.
  • Metatarsus: Medium length, very strong, maintains a position perpendicular to the ground.
  • Rear feet: The hind feet are as small as possible, round, with toes well arched and together, as cat feet. Pads are hard. The color of nails, pads is much darker.

MOVEMENT: The Spitz moves with enough coordination, with a good push and almost floating in light trot.

SKIN: The skin should be well attached to the body, without kinking.

FUR

HAIR: The Spitz have a double layer of hair-covered: the outer layer is long-haired, straight and separate and the inner layer is short-haired, dense and woolly. The head, lores, front face of the anterior and posterior members and toes are covered by short dense pile (velvety). The rest of the body is long and abundant hair. The hair should not be wavy, Chinese, or form hair, You must not present a stripe on the back. A thick mane covers the neck and shoulders. The rear face of the forelimbs has hair in the form of feathers. The hindquarters should be covered with long hair from the rump to the Hock joint. The queue must be covered with hair is long and abundant.

  • Black Spitz: The fur of the black Spitz should be dark in the skin as well as internal NAP and the color of the outer layer should be jet black color without any white spot.
  • Brown Spitz: The Brown Spitz should have a uniform dark brown color.
  • White Spitz: The hair should be pure white, no yellowish tones that can often occur in the ears.
  • Orange Spitz: The Orange Spitz should have a single uniform colour in the average range of the RAL (Registration International of the color scale).
  • Grey Spitz / Keeshond: Gray is understood as grey silver with black hair tips. Snout and ears are dark. Around the eyes is a drawing in the form of glasses consisting of a delicate black line (It extends from the outer corner of the eye to the lower part of the inclusion of the ear) or in dashed lines and a shader that draw short eyebrows, but expressive. Mane and ring shoulders are a tone clear. The anterior and posterior members are grey silver unmarked black below the elbows and knees, except delicate stripes on your fingers (pencilling). The tip of the tail is black. The lower part of the tail and the buttocks are grey Silver clear.
  • Spitz other colours: Under this description all tones are included as: cream-coloured, Crema-Sable, anaranjado-Sable, Black with fire, and stained. The spotted must have a white background color. Black stains, Brown, grey or Orange must be distributed throughout the body.

COLOR:

  • to) Spitz type Wolf / Keeshond: Grey.
  • b) Large Spitz: Black, Brown, white.
  • c) Spitz medium: Black, Brown, white, orange, grey, other colors.
  • (d)) Small Spitz: Black, Brown, White Orange, grey, other colors.
  • and) Dwarf Spitz / Pomeranian: Black, Brown, white, orange, grey, other colors.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height to the cross:

  • to) Spitz type Wolf / Keeshond: 49 cm ± 6 cm.
  • b) Large Spitz: 46 cm ± 4 cm.
  • c) Spitz medium: 34 cm ± 4 cm.
  • (d)) Small Spitz: 26 cm ± 3 cm.
  • and) Dwarf Spitz / Pomeranian: 20 cm ± 2 cm. (are undesirable specimens measuring less than 18 cm.).

WEIGHT: Any variation in the size of the German Spitz should have a corresponding variation in weight.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the above criteria is considered missing and the seriousness is considered the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS:

  • Defects in the Constitution.
  • Head too flat or sharp Apple-shaped.
  • Truffle, eyelids and lips of flesh-colored.
  • Defects in the premolars in Spitz Wolf/Keeshond, Medium and large Spitz.
  • Eyes too big or clear or very outgoing.
  • Defects in the movement.
  • Absence of classic drawing of the face in greyish Spitz.

MISS PLAYOFFS

  • Aggressive or fearful dog.
  • Open fontanel.
  • Upper or lower prognathism.
  • Entropion or ectropion.
  • Ear falls.
  • Visible white stains on all non-white Spitz.
  • Any dog showing clear physical abnormalities or behavioral signs shall be disqualified.

N.B.: Los machos deben tener dos apariencia testiculos normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.

Character and skills

The Pomeranian adapts easily to the urban life and they are excellent for the field, where wakes up the deep Hunter instinct of their wild ancestors.

The Pomeranian is very active, Intelligent, courageous and loyal. However, You can to not interact well with young children, and because of their small size may suffer child abuse. It must be borne in mind that it is a spiteful dog, and strong-willed, like all Spitz, so it will not tolerate the mistreatment by the small, and will bite. If you reach this situation, the animal will remember him always, and displays elusive, and uncomfortable in the presence of children.

The Pomeranian can be trained as guard dog are able to announce the arrival of intruders with barking sound and sharp.

Unfortunately, the lack of a thorough training has given them a reputation of ladradores constants and without reason.

The Pomeranian dog is a dog of independent, and sometimes gives the impression of being a solitary animal.

They do not like - especially- physical contact, Although Yes grateful fondling, and that they rasquen them back and ears, where are more sensitive.

Due to its small size, and its appearance of Teddy, people have the tendency to pick up the dog in her arms, which the animal disliked. That is why before reach out to touch any dog alien, It's always good to ask for approval to his master.

They are extremely faithful, and they like to spend long time lying at the foot of their masters. Feel preference by a person of the family, Although faithful will be displayed, and obedient to all the people of the core. It is not uncommon that display suspicious, and aggressive in the presence of strangers.

The Pomeranian is a dog jealous, capricious, and territorial, and because of its small size, owners tend to pamper them, and consent to them. If you want to introduce another dog, along with the Pomeranian, It is best done when the animal is still puppy, because otherwise it will not tolerate the presence of other animals.

Due to its thick cloak of hair, double layer, It is not uncommon to find the Pomeranian dog resting on hard surfaces, and fresh.

We need special caution in summer, because they tend to seek fresh and dark corners where lie, and there is a risk of stepping on it.

The Pomeranian images
  • Otros nombres: Deutscher Zwergspitz / Lulú de Pomerania / Spitz enano alemán / Deutsche Spitze / Spitz Allemands / German Spitz Klein / Pomeranian.
  • Group 5 / section 4 -European Spitz.

Dogs breeds: Pomerania


 
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Maria
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Maria

This is a KLEINSPITZ not a Pomeranian..
The Pome is even more small.

Maca
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Maca

Hello I am interested in your page I want to buy a toy pomeranian and seen by internet and is like a bear but I get up with that dog, was if I you could help comparalo a greeting.

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