Red-necked Parrot
Amazona arausiaca

Red-necked Parrot
Red-necked Parrot (Amazona arausiaca) | By mikko.pyhala

Content

Description:


Anatomy-parrots-eng

40 cm.. length and 650 g. of weight.

The Red-necked Parrot (Amazona arausiaca) has the lores, forecrown, front of crown, orbital area and upper cheeks, bright blue; back of the crown, nape and sides neck, with dark blue or blackish margins.

Mantle, back and scapulars, green with narrow faint dark margins giving subtle barred effect. Wing coverts green; carpal edge brighter yellowish green. Primaries green with blue tips; the three outer secondaries, red at the base, yellow and blue at the tips; four secondaries yellow and blue tips. The remaining secondary they are green. Under the wings, the coverts green; flight feather Bluish.

Red-necked Parrot

Chin and top of the throat, blue; the bottom throat and, sometimes, upper region chest, with patch resizable bright red; remaining chest and of the belly, green; undertail-coverts, brighter yellowish green. Tail bright green in the center, their outer feathers green tip yellowish green and red marks on the basis of the innerwebs. Bill horn; iris orange; legs grey

Ambos sexos son similares. It is thought that the immature It is similar to adult but with irises brown. The young fledglings They are significantly smaller than of adults during its first year.

  • Sound of the Red-necked Parrot.

Habitat:

Video "Red-necked Parrot"

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

The Red-necked Parrot inhabits the canopy mountain rainforest, preferring forest areas with trees Tabonuco (Dacryodes excelsa), especially among 300-800 m (the highest density is found and altitudes 500-600 m) although occasionally they reported to 1.200 meters and formerly was a regular visitor (agosto-octubre ) of the Coast zones.

Usually in small flocks or pairs; more numerous flocks feeding areas, fuera de la temporada de cría. Communal roosting in traditional sites, for example in large trees Dacryodes excelsa or Sloanea berteriana, They are using from year to year (but not necessarily all year).

Reproduction:

Nests en la cavidad de un gran árbol con la mayoría de los nidos reportados en Dacryodes or Sloanea. ëpoca de cría febrero-junio. low productivity probably just a clutch every two years and usually only one young per nest.

Food:

The diet It includes fruits of Dacryodes excelsa, Licania ternatensis, Richeria grandis, Amanoa caribaea, Simarouba amara, Symphonia globulifera, Chimarrhis cymosa, Pouteria pallida, Cordia elliptica, C. laevigata, Pithecellobium jupunba, Byrsonima martinicensis, Dussia martinicensis, Ormosia monosperma, Buchenavia capitata and Palmas Euterpes, egg yolks of Anacardium occidentale and fruits and buds of Lonchocarpus, as well orange crops, etc. Forages mainly in the canopy but also in sub-canopy and occasionally ground level. Usually it is fed in the morning and evening.

Distribución y estatus:

Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 190 km2

The Red-necked Parrot It is endemic to the Dominica Island in the Lesser Antilles. Formerly it spreads through the mountainous interior, incluyendo la península del norte. Contraction range from about 1950 with the existing population centered Morne Diablotin (1.447 m, the highest mountain Dominica) which it may have always been his main strength but whose southern slopes birds have been absent from the hurricane 1992.

small populations, reportedly, en el norte de la península (where apparently they are resident) and in the eastern center of the island. They can remain very small populations in the south. Recent sporadic observations of birds in low-lying areas of the north and east; other towns in the south suggest the gradual recolonization of the parts of the former range.

mainly residents but maybe (at least once) algunos movimientos estacionales regulares de forrajeo y algún nomadismo de noviembre-enero. Although historical accounts tell of the abundance of this species, the drastic contraction in range and population have occurred since the mid-twentieth century with its gradual retreat in the most remote forests of northern and eastern. The decline is due to the loss of habitat, the hunting and capture bird cage.

The small existing population It is especially vulnerable to the loss of food plants and nesting sites due to daños causados ​​por los huracanes. Although the effects of habitat loss may have been especially severe because of the preference of birds through the forests of low level (which it has been under pressure) They tolerate any disturbance and returned to the old feeding areas recently after conversion to plantations of fruit trees. The hunting It was probably the greatest threat to the seventies. Capture for local pet trade now under control due to a successful education campaign.

The population 1977 It was at least 350 birds (probably), but halved by the effects of hurricanes between 1979 and 1980. Una cierta Recovery since then 350 estimated birds 1990 and evidence of further increases to more than 500 in 1992. The remaining habitat is partially protected in the North Forest Reserve, pero no se incluyen las áreas vecinas de importancia crítica para la conservación. Completely protected by national legislation.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Increasing.

• Population size: 850-1000.

  • Rationale for the Red List category

The conservation actions He has helped this species to recover a population down from 1980. Todavía calificada como vulnerable because its population is still very small and its range of small extent and restricted to a single island. However, if future declines in habitat available, se podría recalificar como en danger of extinction.

  • Justification of the population

Estimating population most recent is 850-1,000 mature individuals (PR Reillo a slightly. 2012), more or less equivalent to 1.200-1.500 individuals in total.

  • Justification trend

The population size has increased possibly only 150 birds in 1980, possibly even 1.200 birds currently, based on recent surveys and density estimates (PR Reillo in some. 2016). There is no new data on the evolution of the population, but the species is supposed to still rising.

Threats
    The loss of habitat in the lower elevations has been caused mainly by clearance for agriculture (Collar 1997). Although replanting fruit crops has benefited the species (Reillo y Durand 2008), la dieta frugivoría de la Red-necked Parrot, conflict is causing local farmers (Douglas 2011). Damage caused by hurricanes has also been important: otro huracán de la magnitud del huracán David podría revertir los recientes aumentos de población. Hunting and illegal trade are now low-level threats, but the illegal wildlife trade throughout the Caribbean is a constant concern and there is increasing pressure from illegal wildlife trade centered in Europe (PR Reillo in some. , 2016).
Conservation Actions Underway
    CITES Appendix I and II. It is fully protected by national legislation. Much of the remaining habitat is in the northern and central forest reserves, national parks and Morne Trois Pitons and Morne Diablotin, but adjacent areas, de importancia crítica, They are not protected (Juniper and Parr 1998). Since 1980, It has benefited from the joint efforts of government and non-governmental organizations to protect their habitat and sensitize the local population of the needs of this species. Research methods have recently improved to maximize ecological information acquired, while minimizing the disturbance of birds, and the study has provided important information on nesting behavior and parental care. In the same way, las metodologías de censo han mejorado para dar estimaciones más precisas de la densidad y el tamaño de la población (Reillo y Durand 2008). The population is monitored annually. A recent doctoral thesis project examined the interaction of species with fruit crops in Dominica (PR Reillo in some. 2012).
Conservation Actions Proposed
    Continue the implementation of the protection of national parks Morne Diablotin and Morne Trois Pitons and forest reserves in central and northern. Continue to monitor the population each year. To investigate the effects of nest site (and the food) competition between this species and Imperial Parrot (Amazona imperialis). Continue to prohibit the trade in this species, las exportaciones de ex situ de cría en cautividad, and importation of non-native parrots as pets in Dominica (PR Reillo in some. 2012).

Red-necked Parrot in captivity:

CITES Appendix I and II. It is fully protected by national legislation.

Alternative names:

Bouquet’s Parrot, Dominican Blue-faced Amazon, Dominican Blue-faced Parrot, Jacquot, Red necked Parrot, Red-necked Amazon, Red-necked Parrot (English).
Amazone à cou rouge, Amazone de Bouquet (French).
Blaukopfamazaone, Blaukopfamazone (German).
Papagaio-de-colar-vermelho (Portuguese).
Amazona de Cuello Rojo, Amazona Gorgirroja, Amazona gorjirroja, Jaco, loro de cuello rojo (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona arausiaca
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: parrot arausiacus

Images Red-necked Parrot:



Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Red-necked Amazon (Amazona arausiaca) – Author: mikko.pyhalaHBW
(2) – Red-necked Amazons at the Parrot Conservation and Research Centre Botanical Gardens, Roseau, Dominica By Andrew Szymanski (originally posted to Flickr as DSCF0031) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Red-necked Amazons at the Parrot Conservation and Research Centre Botanical Gardens, Roseau, Dominica By Amazona_arausiaca_-Roseau_-Dominica_-aviary-6a.jpg: Andrew Szymanskiderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Amazona arausiaca Sunday, West Indies by Don FaulknerFlickr
(5) – BARRABAND, Jacques (1767/8-1809) [Parrot Bouquet (Red-necked Amazon, Amazona arausiaca)] From Natural History of Parrots (by François Levaillant, 1801-1805) – Wikimedia
(6) – Natural history of parrots /. In Paris :chez Levrault … ;an IX (1801)-an XIII (1805).. by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

Sounds: Aristides Elias Elias, XC211593. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/211593

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