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Yellow-billed Parrot
Amazona collaria

Yellow-billed Parrot




28 cm.. length and 260 g. of weight.

The Yellow-billed Parrot (Amazona collaria) It has a distinctive narrow band on forecrown white; lores and upper cheeks, with pale blue feathers; crown blue with black tips, merging on hindcrown; the sides of neck and nape into green feathers with black tips; feathers on the sides of neck sometimes basally pink; ear-coverts greyish-blue with black tips.

Mantle and back, green apple with black tips (estas últimas se vuelven menos pronunciadas más abajo); lower back, the rump and uppertail-coverts, brighter yellowish green. Grandes coberteras, blue; the rest, green apple. Alula and outerweb of the flight feather, blue; innerwebs, dark gray. Under, the wings green, flight feather, bluish green.

Yellow-billed Parrot

Throat and lower cheeks, Rosaceae, sometimes with green tips; top of the chest to belly, yellowish green apple; undertail-coverts brighter yellowish green. Upper, the tail It is green with yellow and red points on the basis; undertail, paler and olive. Bill yellowish; irises brown; legs Rosaceae.

En la época de cría, the throat pink male it becomes brighter and plumage acquires green metallic tones. Both sexes are similar. Perhaps males average slightly larger. Immature similar to adult.

  • Sound of the Yellow-billed Parrot.


Video "Yellow-billed Parrot"

The Yellow-billed Parrot inhabit, mainly, en el nivel medio de bosques húmedos de piedra caliza (annual rainfall between 1.900-4.500 mm) with (for example) Terminalia latifolia emerging and Cedrela odorata, most arid forests and upland areas planted with trees, especially the edge of the forest; from sea level up 1.200 metres in Cockpit Country.

Usually in pairs or flocks of up to about 40 individuals; larger gatherings where food is plentiful (for example, a report of 60 birds feeding on orange). They form large communal shelters fuera de época de cría y a veces vistas en asociación con la Black-billed Parrot (Amazona agilis) and Olive-throated Parakeet (Eupsittula nana). They forage más cerca de los dormideros a medida que avanza el día.


They nest in tree cavities, at higher altitudes the 15 m, frequently Brosimum, with enlarged holes in successive years. Often used initially cavity excavated by the Jamaican Crow (Corvus jamaicensis). Nesting also observed in rock cracks. Courtship registered in January laying of eggs, between 4-5, in March-May.


Foods reported include catkins of Cecropia, Anacardium occidentale dried fruits, fruits of Pimenta dioica and figs, and seeds of Melia azedarack; feeding birds took only orange seeds, squandering the fleshy part. They forage in middle and high levels.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 7.200 km2

The Yellow-billed Parrot It is endemic to Jamaica, this species remains widespread, more than the other species of Jamaican Amazona, the Black-billed Parrot (Amazona agilis), aunque aún no se han realizado extensas encuestas a lo largo de toda la isla. They are observed flocks of 50 to 60 individuals throughout the year, particularmente en la época de no cría, moving from inside the forest to the edge habitat to feed.

This species is particularly Cockpit Country, Mt. Diablo, and John Crow Mountains. A small population (presumably wild) also it sets to Hope Gardens in Kingston.

Recent studies indicate that Amazona collaria it is less abundant than Amazona agilis, possibly as a result of Amazona collaria It is a more colorful and preferred species in trade. while the Amazona agilis It is currently nested in all Cockpit Country, including plantation disturbed along the edges areas, the Amazona collaria now nests almost exclusively in relatively remote hinterlands.

Local reports suggest a significant overall decrease in collaria Amazona in Cockpit Country and a greater degree of threat to other species, the Amazona agilis.

The preliminary population counts suggest 5.000 individuals in Cockpit Country, Mt. Diablo, and John Crow Mountains (C. Levy in lilt, 1999).

Difícil de distinguir de la Amazona agilis distance and possible misidentification, They may have affected the validity of some previous reports on their abundance and distribution.


State of conservation ⓘ

Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

• Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: decreasing.

• Population size : 6000-15000

Rationale for the Red List category

This species is classified as Vulnerable because it has a small and fragmented range, with suitable habitat decline in extent, area and quality, mainly due to speak and forest clearing for minería de bauxita. Los números también están disminuyendo debido al trampeo.

Justification of the population

The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall in the band between 10.000 and 19.999 individuals. This is equivalent to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Justification of trend

No new data on population trends; However, It suspected that the species is declining at a slow pace, as a result of the loss and degradation of habitat and capture.

Conservation Actions Underway

CITES Appendix II.

protected under the Act Wildlife Protection Jamaica and Endangered Species Act of 2000, which together prohíben mantener la especie como animal doméstico y el comercio local e internacional.

• Se la ha declarado como threatened in Jamaica from 1986 (Juniper and Parr 1998).

• Since 1995 He has worked to delineate its distribution, estimate the size of the population, identify factors limiting reproductive performance and train local people in research methods and techniques for long-term monitoring (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little 1998, 2000).

• Hábitat en las montañas Blue and John Crow It has been declared National Park, but the implementation and management are weak (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little 1998, 2000).

• Existe una campaña de public awareness high profile to prevent bauxite mining in Cockpit Country, al declarar la zona cerrada a la minería por la Discreción del Ministro (S. Koenig in some. 2007).

• Se han iniciado discusiones que, we wait, will lead to ban the importation of psittacine to Jamaica (S. Koenig in a bit., 2007).

• Existen poblaciones de cría en cautividad.

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Encuesta para delineate the range y evaluar los números (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little 1998, 2000).

• Declare a Cockpit Country closed to mining.

• Asegurar la protección de facto del Blue Mountains National Park and John Crow (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little 1998, 2000).

• Diseñar e implementar Educational programs in the occupied area of ​​the species (BirdLife Jamaica Parrot Project in little. , 1998, 2000) and develop poblaciones de cría en cautividad.

Apply legal protection.

Prohibit the importation of non-native parrots.

The Yellow-billed Parrot in captivity:

CITES Appendix II. protected under the Law on Protection of Wildlife Act Jamaica and Endangered Species 2000, que en conjunto prohíben mantener a esta especie como animal doméstico, así como el comercio local e internacional.
Exist poblaciones de cría en cautividad.

any trade should be avoided with this rare Amazona.
Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It is placed in a well managed captive breeding program and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:

Yellow-billed Parrot, Jamaican Amazon, Jamaican Parrot, Red-throated Parrot, Yellow billed Parrot, Yellow-billed Amazon (English).
Amazone sasabé (French).
Jamaicaamazone, Jamaikaamazone, Jamaikamazone (German).
Papagaio-da-jamaica (Portuguese).
Amazona de Pico Amarillo, Amazona Jamaicana Piquiclara (español).

scientific classification:

Carl Linnaeus

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona collaria
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus collarius

Images Yellow-billed Parrot:

Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona festiva
  • —- Amazona festiva bodini
  • —- Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona vinacea
  • Amazona tucumana
  • Amazona pretrei
  • Amazona agilis
  • Amazona albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons albifrons
  • —- Amazona albifrons nana
  • —- Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona collaria
  • Amazona leucocephala
  • —- Amazona leucocephala bahamensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
  • —- Amazona leucocephala hesterna
  • —- Amazona leucocephala leucocephala
  • Amazona ventralis
  • Amazona vittata
  • —- Amazona vittata gracilipes †
  • —- Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona finschi
  • Amazona autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis autumnalis
  • —- Amazona autumnalis lilacina
  • —- Amazona autumnalis salvini
  • Amazona diadema
  • Amazona viridigenalis
  • Amazona xantholora
  • Amazona dufresniana
  • Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Amazona arausiaca
  • Amazona versicolor
  • Amazona oratrix
  • —- Amazona oratrix belizensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix hondurensis
  • —- Amazona oratrix oratrix
  • Amazona tresmariae
  • Amazona auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
  • —- Amazona auropalliata caribaea
  • —- Amazona auropalliata parvipes
  • Amazona ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
  • —- Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema
  • Amazona barbadensis
  • Amazona aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva aestiva
  • —- Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona mercenarius
  • —- Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
  • —- Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae guatemalae
  • —- Amazona guatemalae virenticeps
  • Amazona farinosa
  • Amazona kawalli
  • Amazona imperialis
  • Amazona brasiliensis
  • Amazona amazonica
  • Amazona guildingii

  • Sources:

    Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


    (1) – Yellow-billed Amazon in the St. Andrew, Jamaica By Amazona_collaria_-St.Andrew-Jamaica-8a.jpg: Wayne Sutherland from Kingston, Jamaicaderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Amazona_collaria at Vienna Zoo, Schonbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria By Alois Staudacher (Jamaica Amazone) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Yellow-billed Amazons in the Kingston, St. Andrew, Jamaica By Wayne Sutherland from Kingston, Jamaica (Pair of Yellow Billed Parrots) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Yellow-billed Amazon (Amazona collaria) in Cockpit Country by Ron KnightFlickr
    (5) – Yellow-billed amazon parrot (Amazona collaria), Jamaica By Charlesjsharp (Own work, from Sharp Photography) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Parrots in captivity by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

    Sounds: Nick Komar, XC255118. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/255118.

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