Yugoslavia FCI 41 - Molossoid . Mountain


The Šarplaninac is a brave dog, quiet, safe and reserved with strangers.

The Šarplaninac (ШАРПЛАНИНАЦ) (pronounced “sharplanínatz”), Macedonian Šarplaninac, in Albanian Qen i Sharrit) is a dog of medium size in the region of the Balkans pastor.

As it is the case with many breeds, the true origins of this agility is unknown, Although there are theories that attempt to approach them. Some authors raised that their ancestors were the ancient molossians, especially from Greece and cattle dogs natives of Turkey dogs.

Other authors believe that the Šarplaninac, drift of Asian dogs that arrived in Europe accompanied by migration of peoples who were engaged in raising them. This theory is currently the most widely accepted.

The race was initially recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1939 under the name Illyrian Shepherd Dog, demonstrating the ancient name of the native region of these dogs.

In 1957, at the request of the Yugoslav Canine Federation (JKS), the FCI changed the name by the of Yugoslav Shepherd Dog-Šarplaninac, because it is in the mountains Šar (Šar Planina in the South Slavic languages, is a chain of mountains located on the border south of Serbia in the province of Kosovo and in the northwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia), where is concentrated the largest number of specimens of the breed.

If there is something indisputable is that the Šarplaninac, lives since ancient times in the mountainous regions of the former Yugoslavia, from where it has spread throughout the Balkan Peninsula and recently, beyond these borders.

Escudo de DragasThe Šarplaninac image appears on the obverse of the coin 1 Denar, issued in the Republic of Macedonia in the year 1993, and also is the emblematic character of the coat of arms of Dragaš, a city in the South of Kosovo, found in the region of the mountains Šar.

The Šarplaninac ranches in North America as an estimated dog and guardian of cattle. The problems of predators have been largely diminished once that a Šarplaninac , takes the responsibility of a herd. The Šarplaninac is one of the few dogs that can scare a wolf or a bear.

Physical characteristics

The Šarplaninac, is a large size dog, It is quite above average when it comes to large breeds. It is also robust and equipped with a strong Constitution.

The height males average is of 56 to 62 cm and females is of 54 to 58 cm.. The length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers.

Although some authors speak of the existence of individuals whose actions were between 75 and 85 cm. of height and a weight of 65 to 100 kg.

The huge head is proportional to the body, It has the skull slightly convex and slightly longer than the muzzle.

The eyes the Šarplaninac are almond-shaped and Brown (light or dark), transmit an expression of serenity but the look is penetrating.

The ears they are medium-sized, flat and hang on the cheeks.

The tail It is long and Sabre-shaped, If it is in a State of alert takes high just beyond it the line of the spine.

The fur It is long in some parts of the body and short in others. In the head, the ears and the anterior part of the extremities, is short. The length of the neck, the body and the back of the limbs and tail, is long.

Regard to the the fur color, all uniform colors are supported but it is preferable to be gray iron and gray very dark. Also, at the top of the head, the neck and the trunk have darker hair.

Šarplaninac: Standard FCI


HEAD: Is provided to the body and measures about 25 cm., or a 40% the height at the withers. The skull is slightly longer than the muzzle, 58 and 42% respectively of the total length of the head. The female has a little longer snout (57 and 43%). The top of the skull is slightly convex and the profile of the nasal helm is straight. Both lines are converging.


Skull: The cranial region is wide, with a medium marked Groove. Seen from side and from above is slightly convex and little bulky.
Depression links (stop) : It is little pronounced.


  • Snout: It is shorter than the skull. Wide and deep at the base, light and gradually are reduced. The nasal helm is straight and wide. The lower jaw profile begins with a bow and is confirmed by a divergent straight line in relation to the profile of the nasal helm.
  • Truffle: Is wide and black.
  • Lips: They are moderately thick and stretched. The upper lip slightly exceeds the lower. The corners are well connected, and they are not never reversed.
  • Teeth: They are comprehensive and applied in scissor bite.
  • Eyes: Almond biscuits; or large, or sunk. Are dark or light brown, and calm expression, but penetrating and never afraid. Both the eyelids and visible mucous membranes are black.
  • Ears: Located at the level of the prolongation of an imaginary line that part of the tip of the nose and goes through the inner corner of the eye, or below. They are hanging and fall glued along the cheeks. They have "V" shape and are of medium length; When stretched them slightly arriving to the inner corner of the eye. They are covered with short dense pile.

NECK: The upper profile is slightly convex or straight at the top of the neck. The lower profile is straight. The neck is of medium length, but due to the long and bushy hair seems shorter. It is wide, deep and muscular, well attached to the head and body, no sharp demarcation. It is slightly high in relation to the dorsal line. Your skin is stretched and does not double chin. The hair is dense, long and rough, and arriving at the head it forms a sort of well marked necklace, which apparently increases the breadth and depth of this part of the head.

BODY: As a whole, the top line is horizontal, or slightly inclined starting from the cross to the rump. In dogs bred in the mountain, be tolerated that the height of the rump is just greater than the height at the withers, Although this is not desirable. The body is slightly longer than the height at the withers.

  • Cross: Slightly marked and wide. It is strongly attached to the neck and the demarcation is inconspicuous.
  • Back: Straight and wide; is not too long.
  • Pork loin: The lumbar region is shorter than, wide and well muscled.
  • Rump: Is medium length, oblique, wide and well muscled.
  • Breast : The chest is deep and medium length; along with the bottom edge reaches the elbow. The ribs are slightly arched. The chest is wide and muscled. The perimeter of the chest must be at least 20% greater than the height at the withers.
  • Belly: Built and muscular. Bottom line rises slightly from front to back. The legs are fairly short. The depression of the rump is marked.
  • Tail: It is long and at least reaches the tip of the Hock. The top margin of the rump, that it does not have a sharp demarcation, It extends in the margin of the tail. This is large at the base and gradually reduces towards its end. The hair of the tail is dense and its bottom edge is longer, forming bangs. The oxtail Sabre-shaped and when the dog is moving is raised. When the dog is moving the tail can be found on the back line.

FORELIMBS: Seen as a whole are well shaved and commensurate with the body. The height of the tip of the elbow is a 55% the height at the withers. Different parts of the extremities commensurate among themselves and with the rest of the body.

  • Shoulder: It is sufficiently long and wide and is well attached to the body. It is slightly oblique and forming an angle of 65 ° with the horizontal line.
  • Arm: It is more oblique than shoulder, at an angle of 55 ° with the horizontal line. The angle of the elbow (humeral-radial angle), is 145 °. The elbow is wide, It is well located and very little separated ribs.
  • Forearm: Is vertical, of bones, and well-developed musculature. It is long, and his back is covered with long hairs that are fringe.
  • Carpus: Width, thickness and presents a slight demarcation.
  • Metacarpus: It is wide, strong and slightly oblique.
  • Feet: Strong, oval-shaped, with fingers arched and well together. The nails are black and solid. Digital pads and Plantar are firm, though flexible. Are black or a dark pigmentation.

HIND LIMBS: Seen from the back, the position of the hind legs is uniform and slightly larger than the forelimbs. In profile, is also uniform, with the angles of the joints sufficiently closed.

  • Thigh: Muscled, strong and rounded. It is oblique, a similar to the shoulder angle with the horizontal line. The angle of the knee (stifle-tibial angle) It is a little more open than the scapular-humeral angle (around 125 °). The knee is solid and wide.
  • Leg: It is oblique, strong, with a long enough musculature and well-marked bangs.
  • Hock: Wide and fairly open (an angle of approximately 130 °).
  • Metatarsus: It is a bit less oblique to the Metacarpus. Rarely presents Spurs, But if this is low, they should be disposed.

MOVEMENT: The step is long and agile. Preferred movement is the trot, high strides and medium length. During the Gallop motion is somewhat heavy, but long jumps well covering the field.

SKIN: Is of medium thickness; elastic and well stretched on different parts of the body. There is no presence of dewlap. All visible mucous membranes are black, or a dark pigmentation.

Hair: The head, the ears and the outer parts of the limbs are covered with short hairs. The neck, the body, later parts of the limbs and tail are covered with long hairs almost stretched and slightly thick. The inner layer of hair presents a short hair, finest, very thick and abundant. Dl hair is in the cross the length of 10 to 12 cm.; cannot be shorter than for 7 cm..

Color: This is a dog of a single color. All the shades of colors are supported, from white, until dark brown, almost black. The most valued colors are greenish gray (grey iron), the dark grey. The pious coat or white spots are not allowed. Pigmented dogs allow small white markings on the chest region and fingers, Although this is not desirable. The background color is more pronounced on the upper parts of the head in all pigmented dogs, the neck and trunk.

On the lower parts of the body, There is a degradation of color, and the color is lighter in the lower parts of the extremities, arriving at the gray beige or dirty. In any case these degradations should appear well delimited, providing a clear markings or pious fur look.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the above mentioned criteria is considered an absence and severity of this refers to the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.


  • Insufficient breadth of the cranial region, and the slightly longer snout.
  • Well developed JAWS.
  • Length and depth of chest insufficient.
  • Too flat ribs, or too arched.
  • Pronounced aplomb defects.
  • A bit shorter hair, as long as the fringes are clearly visible.
  • White markings on the chest region and feet.
  • A slight reduction of the tail.
  • The foot of Hare, as well as other minor physical offences.


  • Too long snout, or too sharp.
  • High set ears, or they deviate from the head (they are not enough stuck to the cheeks).
  • Bite in the form of iron.
  • Sunken back.
  • Tail that falls to the side.
  • Lymphatic Constitution, as well as other serious physical offences.


  • Aggressive or fearful dog.
  • Absence of premolars.
  • A difference marked between body length and the height at the withers.
  • Insufficient Withers height.
  • The lower hair length to 7 cm..
  • Large white markings (pio color coat), stripes (atigrados), depigmentation of the visible mucous membranes and eyes.
  • Signs of degeneration (braquignatismo or prognathism, short birth tail, or lack thereof, too depressed back, and other signs of degeneration.
  • Any dog showing clear physical abnormalities or behavioral signs shall be disqualified.

N.B.: Los machos deben tener dos apariencia testiculos normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.

TRANSLATION: Rafael Santiago (Puerto Rico).

Character and skills

The temperament of the puppy is described as an independent, distant with strangers, and quiet until, He is a threat to the flock, When in early the Šar bursting with rapid ferocity. The breed has a protective nature.

It is very affectionate with the family and adapts very well to home life.

It is a dog easy to train because he likes to learn new things. It is mainly a watchdog, While it is known as a typical dog.

If it is trained to defend, You will need a quiet and strong person not transmitted not shred of nervousness, to be a reactive super dog might develop aggressive behavior, especially if the coach supports and welcomes those reactions.

The name comes from the Šar mountain (Šar Planina) spanning the border of the Republic of Macedonia and Serbia, where is it found generally accompanying and keeping large herds of sheep when they graze.

The animal can work with cattle and serves as a watchdog. He was raised and used as dog military under the Government of Josip Broz Tito and is still used by the army of Serbia.


Similar to the Caucasian Shepherd Dogthat is very much– He has a temperament more characteristic of a dog guard to a lead dog herds.

Let us not forget that this agility, He was selected to defend the herds of the attack of wolves that were previously very numerous in their homeland.

It is necessary that the owner of this dog is a person responsible and very conscious of the copy that is in charge of, the Šarplaninac, It has a specially developed and powerful teeth, It can be a real danger if the dog is not given a correct and healthy education.

Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina Images

Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina videos
  • Otros nombres: Perro de pastor de Charplanina / Jugoslovenski Pas-Sarplaninac / Charplaninatz / Perro ovejero ilirio / Perro Pastor Ilirio / Perro montañés de Kosovo / Perro pastor de Kosovo / Perro montañés macedonio / Perro pastor macedonio / Šar Planinac / Šar Planinec / Perro Pastor Yugoslavo / Perro Montañés Yugoslavo.
  • Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Šarplaninac

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Sarplaninac FCI 4302
10 February, 2019 6:45 pm

A sarplaninac is a dominant dog and very intelligent. He never barks without reason! They are extremely committed to the children and defend their master in cost of living. The excellent guardians and friends.

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