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Yugoslavia FCI 41 - Molossoid . Mountain


The Sharplaninac is a brave dog, quiet, safe and reserved with strangers.


The Sharplaninac (Šarplaninac) (pronounced “sharplanínatz”), in Macedonian Šarplaninec, in Albanian Qen i Sharrit) is a dog of medium size in the region of the Balkans pastor.

As it is the case with many breeds, the true origins of this big guy are unknown, although there are theories that try to approach them. Some authors raised that their ancestors were the ancient molossians, especially dogs from Greece and livestock guarding dogs from Turkey.

Other authors believe that the Šarplaninac, drift of Asian dogs that arrived in Europe accompanied by migration of peoples who were engaged in raising them. This theory is the most widely accepted today..

The race was initially recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1939 under the name Illyrian Shepherd Dog, demonstrating the ancient name of the native region of these dogs.

In 1957, at the request of the Yugoslav Canine Federation (JKS), the FCI changed the name to Yugoslav Shepherd Dog-Šarplaninac, because it is in the Šar Mountains (Šar Planina in South Slavic languages, is a mountain range located on the southern border of Serbia in the province of Kosovo and in the northwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia), where is concentrated the largest number of specimens of the breed.

If there is something indisputable, it is that the Šarplaninac, lives since ancient times in the mountainous regions of the former Yugoslavia, from where it has spread throughout the Balkan Peninsula and recently, beyond these borders.

Escudo de DragasThe image of the Šarplaninac appears on the obverse of the coin 1 Denar, issued in the Republic of Macedonia in the year 1993, and also is the emblematic character of the coat of arms of Honey, a city in the South of Kosovo, which is located in the region of the Šar Mountains.

The Šarplaninac has found its way to North American ranches as an esteemed sheepdog and guardian of livestock.. Predator problems have been greatly diminished once a Šarplaninac , takes the responsibility of a herd. The Šarplaninac is one of the few dogs that can chase away a wolf or a bear.

Physical characteristics

El Šarplaninac, is a large size dog, It is quite above average when it comes to large breeds. It is also robust and equipped with a strong Constitution.

The height males average is of 56 to 62 cm and females is of 54 to 58 cm.. The length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers.

Although some authors speak of the existence of individuals whose actions were between 75 and 85 cm. of height and a weight of 65 to 100 kg.

The huge head is proportional to the body, It has the skull slightly convex and slightly longer than the muzzle.

The eyes of the Šarplaninac are almond-shaped and brown in color (light or dark), transmit an expression of serenity but the look is penetrating.

The ears they are medium-sized, flat and hang on the cheeks.

The tail It is long and Sabre-shaped, if it is in a state of alert, it carries it high, barely exceeding the line of the back.

The fur It is long in some parts of the body and short in others. In the head, the ears and the anterior part of the extremities, is short. The length of the neck, the body and the back of the limbs and tail, is long.

Regard to the the fur color, all uniform colors are supported but it is preferable to be gray iron and gray very dark. As well, at the top of the head, the neck and the trunk have darker hair.

Sharplaninac: Standard FCI


HEAD: Is provided to the body and measures about 25 cm., or a 40% the height at the withers. The skull is slightly longer than the muzzle, 58 and 42% respectively of the total length of the head. The female has a little longer snout (57 and 43%). The top of the skull is slightly convex and the profile of the nasal helm is straight. The lines of both profiles are convergent.


Skull: The cranial region is wide, with a medium marked Groove. Seen from side and from above is slightly convex and little bulky.
Depression links (stop) : It is little pronounced.


  • Snout: It is shorter than the skull. Wide and deep at the base, light and gradually are reduced. The nasal helm is straight and wide. The profile of the lower jaw begins with an arch and is confirmed by a straight line that diverges from the profile of the nasal bridge..
  • Truffle: Is wide and black.
  • Lips: They are moderately thick and stretched. The upper lip slightly exceeds the lower. The corners are well connected, and they are not never reversed.
  • Teeth: They are comprehensive and applied in scissor bite.
  • Eyes: Almond biscuits; or large, or sunk. Are dark or light brown, and calm expression, but penetrating and never afraid. Both the eyelids and visible mucous membranes are black.
  • Ears: Located at the level of the prolongation of an imaginary line that starts from the tip of the nose and passes through the inner corner of the corresponding eye, or below. They are hanging and fall glued along the cheeks. They are V-shaped and medium in length.; When stretched them slightly arriving to the inner corner of the eye. They are covered with short dense pile.

NECK: The upper profile is slightly convex or straight at the top of the neck. The lower profile is straight. The neck is of medium length, but due to the long and bushy hair seems shorter. It is wide, deep and muscular, well attached to the head and body, no sharp demarcation. It is slightly elevated in relation to the dorsal line. Your skin is stretched and does not double chin. The hair is dense, long and rough, and arriving at the head it forms a sort of well marked necklace, which apparently increases the breadth and depth of this part of the head.

BODY: As a whole, the top line is horizontal, or slightly inclined starting from the cross to the rump. In dogs bred in the mountain, be tolerated that the height of the rump is just greater than the height at the withers, Although this is not desirable. The body is slightly longer than the height at the withers.

  • Cross: Slightly marked and wide. It is strongly attached to the neck and the demarcation is inconspicuous.
  • Back: Straight and wide; is not too long.
  • Pork loin: The lumbar region is shorter than, wide and well muscled.
  • Rump: Is medium length, oblique, wide and well muscled.
  • Breast : The chest is deep and medium length; along with the bottom edge reaches the elbow. The ribs are slightly arched. The chest is wide and muscled. Chest girth should be at least 20% greater than the height at the withers.
  • Belly: Built and muscular. Lower profile line rises slightly from front to back. The legs are fairly short. The depression of the rump is marked.
  • Tail: It is long and at least reaches the tip of the Hock. The top margin of the rump, that it does not have a sharp demarcation, It extends in the margin of the tail. This is large at the base and gradually reduces towards its end. The hair of the tail is dense and its bottom edge is longer, forming bangs. The oxtail Sabre-shaped and when the dog is moving is raised. When the dog is in motion, the tail may be above the line of the back..

FORELIMBS: Seen as a whole are well shaved and commensurate with the body. The height of the tip of the elbow is a 55% the height at the withers. The different parts of the limbs are in proportion to each other and to the rest of the body..

  • Shoulder: It is sufficiently long and wide and is well attached to the body. It is slightly oblique and forms an angle of 65° with the horizontal line..
  • Arm: It is more oblique than shoulder, forming an angle of 55° with the horizontal line. The angle of the elbow (humeral-radial angle), is 145°. The elbow is wide, It is well located and very little separated ribs.
  • Forearm: Is vertical, of bones, and well-developed musculature. It is long, and his back is covered with long hairs that are fringe.
  • Carpo: Width, thickness and presents a slight demarcation.
  • Metacarpus: It is wide, strong and slightly oblique.
  • Pies: Strong, oval-shaped, with fingers arched and well together. The nails are black and solid. Digital pads and Plantar are firm, though flexible. Are black or a dark pigmentation.

HINDQUARTERS: Seen from the back, the position of the hind legs is uniform and slightly larger than the forelimbs. In profile, is also uniform, with the angles of the joints sufficiently closed.

  • Thigh: Muscled, strong and rounded. It is oblique, forming with the horizontal line an angle similar to that of the shoulder. The angle of the knee (stifle-tibial angle) It is a little more open than the scapular-humeral angle (around 125°). The knee is solid and wide.
  • Leg: It is oblique, strong, with a long enough musculature and well-marked bangs.
  • Hock: Wide and fairly open (an angle of about 130°).
  • Metatarsus: It is a bit less oblique to the Metacarpus. Rarely presents Spurs, But if this is low, they should be disposed.

MOVEMENT: The step is long and agile. Preferred movement is the trot, high strides and medium length. During the Gallop motion is somewhat heavy, but long jumps well covering the field.

SKIN: Is of medium thickness; elastic and well stretched on different parts of the body. There is no presence of dewlap. All visible mucous membranes are black, or a dark pigmentation.

Fur: The head, the ears and the outer parts of the limbs are covered with short hairs. The neck, the body, later parts of the limbs and tail are covered with long hairs almost stretched and slightly thick. The inner layer of hair presents a short hair, finest, very thick and abundant. Dl hair is in the cross the length of 10 to 12 cm.; cannot be shorter than for 7 cm..

Color: This is a dog of a single color. All the shades of colors are supported, from white, until dark brown, almost black. The most valued colors are greenish gray (grey iron), the dark grey. Piebald fur or white spots are not allowed. Pigmented dogs allow small white markings on the chest region and fingers, Although this is not desirable. The background color is more pronounced on the upper parts of the head in all pigmented dogs, the neck and trunk.

On the lower parts of the body, There is a degradation of color, and the color is lighter in the lower parts of the extremities, arriving at the gray beige or dirty. In no case should these degradations appear well delimited, imparting a light marking or piebald appearance.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the above mentioned criteria is considered an absence and severity of this refers to the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.


  • Insufficient breadth of the cranial region, and the slightly longer snout.
  • well developed jaws.
  • Length and depth of chest insufficient.
  • Too flat ribs, or too arched.
  • Pronounced aplomb defects.
  • A bit shorter hair, as long as the fringes are clearly visible.
  • White markings on the chest region and feet.
  • A slight reduction of the tail.
  • The foot of Hare, as well as other minor physical offenses.


  • Too long snout, or too sharp.
  • High set ears, or they deviate from the head (they are not enough stuck to the cheeks).
  • Bite in the form of iron.
  • Sunken back.
  • Tail that falls to the side.
  • Lymphatic Constitution, as well as other serious physical offenses.


  • Aggressive or fearful dog.
  • Absence of premolars.
  • A difference marked between body length and the height at the withers.
  • Insufficient Withers height.
  • The lower hair length to 7 cm..
  • Large white markings (piebald fur), stripes (atigrados), depigmentation of the visible mucous membranes and eyes.
  • Signs of degeneration (braquignatismo or prognathism, short birth tail, or lack thereof, too depressed back, and other signs of degeneration.
  • Any dog ​​showing clear signs of physical or behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified..

N.B.: Males should have two normal-appearing testicles fully descended into the scrotum..

TRANSLATION: Rafael Santiago (Puerto Rico).

Character and skills

The temperament of the puppy is described as an independent, distant with strangers, and quiet until, He is a threat to the flock, When in early the Shar bursting with rapid ferocity. The breed has a protective nature.

He is very affectionate with the family nucleus and adapts very well to home life..

It is a dog easy to train because he likes to learn new things. It is mainly a watchdog, despite being known as a typical sheepdog.

If it is trained to defend, You will need a quiet and strong person not transmitted not shred of nervousness, since being a super reactive dog could develop aggressive behavior, especially if the coach supports and welcomes those reactions.

The name comes from the cadena montañosa Šar (Shar Mountain) spanning the border of the Republic of Macedonia and Serbia, where is it found generally accompanying and keeping large herds of sheep when they graze.

The animal can work with cattle and serves as a watchdog. It was bred and used as a military dog ​​under the government of Josip Broz Tito and is still employed by the Serbian Army..


Similar to the Caucasian Shepherd Dogthat is very much– has a temperament more characteristic of a guard dog than a herd dog.

Let us not forget that this agility, He was selected to defend the herds of the attack of wolves that were previously very numerous in their homeland.

It is necessary that the owner of this dog is a person responsible and very conscious of the copy that is in charge of, el Šarplaninac, It has a specially developed and powerful teeth, It can be a real danger if the dog is not given a correct and healthy education.

Pictures of the Sarplaninac

Videos del Šarplaninac
  • Otros nombres: Perro de pastor de Charplanina / Jugoslovenski Pas-Sarplaninac / Charplaninatz / Perro ovejero ilirio / Perro Pastor Ilirio / Perro montañés de Kosovo / Perro pastor de Kosovo / Perro montañés macedonio / Perro pastor macedonio / Šar Planinac / Šar Planinec / Perro Pastor Yugoslavo / Perro Montañés Yugoslavo.
  • Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Sharplaninac

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Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka
Rusia FCI 328 Molossoid . Mountain

The Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka It is a strong dog, quiet, balanced but extremely reactive.

The Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka (Caucasian Shepherd Dog) It is a very popular breed of dog in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, and other countries where herders need a lot of protection for their herds and properties.

A dog Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka well bred should be a healthy animal, for strong bones, muscular build and stable temperament.

The very calm and very aggressive temperaments, they are considered to be serious flaws in a dog of this breed.

Otros nombres: Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka / Circassian sheep dog / Caucasian Ovcharka / Armenian Khobun / Georgia Nagazi / Sage Ghafghazi / Kars Çoban Köpeği / კავკასიური ნაგაზი / Kavkasiuri nagazi / Caucasian Ovcharka / Caucasian Mountain Dog / Kars Çoban Köpeği / Kavkazty Uasahichala / Circassian Sheep dog / Адыгэ Мэлыхъуахь (Adyghe melekhuah).

Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka

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Brazilian Mastiff
Brazil FCI 225 - Molossoid - Dogo

Mastín Brasilero

The Brazilian Mastiff with their masters and the family is docile, obedient and tolerant with children.

The Brazilian Mastiff (also known as: Fila Brasileiro, Fila Dog and Cabeçudo Boiadeiro or Brazilian Mastín) It is a breed of dog of Brazil of large and imposing appearance. For his temper, He is considered one of the best guardian.

This breed was created from the old Bulldog cross (aggressive temperament), English mastiff (body strength and vigour to bite) and of the Bloodhound (large capacity of smell to track).

Otros nombres: Fila Brasileño / Cão de Fila / Cabeçudo Boiadeiro / Mastín Brasilero.

Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Brazilian Mastiff

Read all about the race by clicking on: Fila Brasileiro.

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Mastiff danés
Dinamarca FCI 315 - Molossoid - Dogo

Mastín Danés

The Mastiff danés is calm, with good temperament and friendly.

The Mastiff danés (or Broholmer) It is a breed of molosser type dog, originally from Denmark.

It is a dog of Doge of large size type, rectangular and strong Constitution; its motion is regular and energetic. His appearance is dominated by the powerful forelimbs.

The head is broad and solid; strong neck with some loose skin, and the chest wide and deep.

Otros nombres: Danish mastiff / Broholmer.

Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Mastiff danés

Read all about the race by clicking on: Broholmer.

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Ca de Bou
España FCI 249 - Molossoid - Dogo

The Ca de Bou It is a very rare breed outside their homeland.

Dogo Mallorquín

The Ca de Bou (also called Majorcan Bulldog) It is a breed of dog native of Mallorca. The molosser is closely related with the Dogo Canario.

In the Book of Spanish Origins of the year 1923, longer the Ca de Bou as a breed of dog. In 1928 Enroll to the first copy and the year 1929 the Ca de Bou was winner at the Barcelona dog show exhibition.

Read all about the race, by clicking on: Majorca Mastiff

  • Otros nombres: Presa mallorquín / Ca de Bou / Mallorquin Mastiff / Mallorquin Bulldog / Majorca Mastiff / Majorcan Bulldog / Majorca-dogge.
  • Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Ca de Bou

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Bordeaux Mastiff
Francia FCI 116 - Molossoid - Dogo

The Bordeaux Mastiff It is very faithful to its owner and loving with children.

Mastín de de Burdeos

The Bordeaux Mastiff (Dogue de Bordeaux) is of French origin, is part of the large family of Mastiffs that even being of medium size turns out to be a dog of great strength and power, as a firm and determined to make it a great guard dog.

It is one of the most ancient French breeds, coming from the Eastern mastiffs arrived in Europe with the barbarian hordes. In more recent times, other races have contributed to the definition of this: the Mastiff, the English Bulldog, and the German Dogue.

The Bordeaux Mastiff is also called the "Doge of Bordeaux".

Otros nombres: Dogo de Burdeos / Dogue de Bordeaux / Bordeauxdogge

Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Bordeaux Mastiff

Read all about the race by clicking on: Dogue de Bordeaux.

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Italian mastiff
Italia FCI 343 - Molossoid - Dogo

The Italian mastiff It is a versatile and balanced dog that can adapt to all.

Mastín Italiano

Something small and elegant that the Neapolitan mastiff, the Italian mastiff (or Cane Corso) It was used in the past not only as a Cattle Dog but also in wild boar hunting., and as dog escort on long journeys of traders and, even, as a grip of Bull Dog.

Otros nombres: Cane Corso / Italianischer Corso-Hund / Italian Corso Dog / Italian Mastiff

Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Italian mastiff

Read all about the race, by clicking on: Cane Corso.

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Japanese Mastiff
Japón FCI 260 - Molossoid - Dogo

The Japanese Mastiff is quiet, serene, dignified and extraordinarily peaceful.

Mastín Japonés

The Japanese Mastiff (Tosa) It is a breed of dog originating in Japan. Molosser imposing aspect, It is one of the favorite breeds for the lovers of dogs large size around the world. The breed emerged in the mid-19th century, When crossing various European breeds of large size (Great Dane, Mastiff, St. Bernard, Bulldog, German Shorthaired) with the native Shikoku Inu.

In Spain it is listed as a potentially dangerous breed of dog by Royal Decree, by which to his possession must obtain the licence for possession of dangerous dogs and register it in the corresponding Municipal registry of potentially dangerous animals. One of the things that are required for this license is insurance of civil liability to third parties.

Otros nombres: 土佐 / Tosa Inu / Tosa Ken / Tosa Tōken / Japanese Fighting Dog / Japanese Mastiff / Tosa Fighting Dog

Crupo 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

Dogs breeds: Japanese Mastiff

Read all about the race by clicking on: Tosa.