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Neapolitan mastiff
Italia FCI 197 - Molosoids – Doge

Mastín Napolitano

Despite his fierce appearance, the Neapolitan mastiff It is a balanced dog and friend of children.

Content

History “Neapolitan mastiff”

The Neapolitan mastiff, like all broadcast, most likely descends from the molossus Tibetan. According to historical data, Italy has been inhabited since very remote times, which could date back to the second millennium before Christ..

This shows that this architect of Campania (South Italy region, on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, whose capital is Naples) brings lot of history under its belt.

All European mastiffs descend from the Tibetan Mastiff, the oldest representative of dog breeds.
Probably the first Asian mastiffs were carried in the India Greece by Alexander the great, around the year 300 a.C.

Some historians argue that it was the Greeks who were known to the Romans these dogs so spectacular, to see them is struck and (for a change) they used them in their famous circuses like fighting dogs. The Neapolitan mastiff fought with Lions, bears, Tigers, He was also a dog bred for war.

According to the English cinofilia, on the other hand, the mastiff was taken to Britannia (term designated to the island of Great Britain before that occurred the Germanic invasions) by the Phoenicians in the year 500 to. C. from that moment the spread throughout Europe would have begun.

Beyond disagreements as to the diffusion of the breed you can ensure, years. At that time, that the “Neapolitan mastiff” has lived in Campania for at least two thousand years, Although its first official appearance in the cinophilia data of 1946 and its official standard was approved in the year 1949.

During the course of World War II, the race was on the verge of extinction but was recovered by a writer and called cinólogo Piero Scanziani that between 1941 and 1980 published a dozen volumes of fiction and nonfiction, including various Cynology treatises. He was responsible for the reconstruction of the Neapolitan mastiff during the postwar period, and he did so on the basis of the few copies remaining.

Physical characteristics

Videos “Neapolitan mastiff”

Neapolitan Mastin ALACRAN
Neapolitan Mastin bruce dello stradone (Leonardo lopez)Lightbox for Video by VideoLightBox.com v1.11

The Mastino Napoletano impresses even from a distance with its impressive physique. Especially the huge head stands out. It is a typical molossoid head, but he has particularly pronounced full lips. His facial expression is cool and relaxed, his overall impression is impressive. Its coat is short and smooth.

Modern breeding has given the Mastino Napoletano an excess of loose skin, that borders on the torture of the brood. For animal welfare reasons only, one must make sure that the skin is taut and there are not too many wrinkles and folds. Only slight wrinkles should be allowed in the neck area and on the dewlap.. Especially the head has grown an overabundance of skin and wrinkles in recent decades, partly so extreme that dogs can barely see due to all the wrinkles. It also, severe wrinkles are a treasure for infections and itchiness.

According to him standard official of the breed the males of Neapolitan mastiff They must be measured of 66 to 72 cm in the cross and his weight is of 70 kg, males can easily reach up 90 kg, females should be measured in 60 to 68 cm.. The weight of the males due of 60 to 70 Kg and females of 50 to 60 kg.

The head is huge and short, the rounded and flattened skull between the ears. It has the straight snout, a great truffle and fat lips it fall heavily.

It has the eyes well separated and the accumulation of skin seems they were oval shaped but in reality are round. The ears are triangular, medium and high insertion.

The body, in general, It is longer than high with the neck well massif and the Pope and grupa broad. The tail is amputated two-thirds of its length.

The favorite colors they are the lead, the grey and black (sometimes with small white markings on the chest and the tip of the fingers), the fawn, the mahogany, the Fawn and stag.

All cloaks can be atigrados, but the possibility that a Neapolitan mastiff come out color "tabby" is one in a million.

Observations

Despite its large size, no need for large spaces to be happy, because it moves shortly. although yes, It is important to establish a relaxed routine of daily walks that help keep your muscles toned.

Another issue to highlight is that they significantly drool-worthy.

Character and skills

Despite his surly and even fierce aspect, the Neapolitan mastiff he is a peaceful dog, balanced, sweet, fell, very affectionate with the master and friend of children.

Never behaves aggressively without a real reason, But if he were to have the answer, could be terrible.

Its temperament is peaceful, but it may become aggressive if its owner is not able to educate him with wisdom and responsibility.

Due to its structure it solid, its movement is heavy and clumsy, but appearance because it is aware of its size and enough to see him interact with children to confirm (disarms in delicacy).

Has been dog of war, combat in the circus, police assistant, dog sledge drag, companion and self-defense dog. Currently it is trained as a guardian of houses and farms and is increasingly appreciated as a companion dog..

In fact, it is more a guard dog than a companion or exhibition dog. Of the molossians foster, It is the quietest character.

One Neapolitan mastiff serious upbringing is, therefore, educated, an extremely simple dog. Here and there the fat man is a bit stubborn. Only if it is good to persuade and ask for help, then it will do everything for its owner or caretaker. As a family member, is extremely adorable. He seeks the proximity of his humans and is a reliable protector.

In case of acute threat to your humans, will try to keep danger away from them by facing the attacker with his body, but it won't attack him anymore. Does all of this quietly. Barks very rarely. His calm and serene temperament makes him a loyal and child-friendly companion, who forgives everything. Towards strangers, However, is initially waiting and watching. The Neapolitan mastiff he's a cool guy and a fascinating dog.

Not an easy dog ​​to keep just because of his strength. By its nature it has very few demands. A daily walk, sometimes brushing the coat, that is all. Only the food is a certain challenge in terms of quantity and quality. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. A small apartment on the nth floor would not be suitable. The Neapolitan mastiff he's a great partner, but it is not a companion for runners, dog athletes or performance junkies.

Education

It must be remembered that in a Neapolitan mastiff adult, the line is just a symbolic control. Large dog easily has the power to maneuver the other end of the leash at will. But he doesn't want, at least if you have enjoyed the basics of a good education. The Neapolitan mastiff it is very easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness.. He wants to follow his master and mistress and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of an owner of Neapolitan mastiff pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only education and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this calm four-legged friend they become a balm for the soul of agitated people.

Care and health “Neapolitan mastiff”

Caring for a Neapolitan mastiff healthy breed is not problematic. Brushing the coat here and there is enough.

Bad habit of extremely strong folding of the head and body often leads to chronic inflammation. They are usually a source of constant itching for dogs.. Sometimes it even makes vision difficult. Such dogs need expensive time and care.

Nutrition “Neapolitan mastiff”

You need a lot of high quality food. It is helpful to have an elevated feeding bowl to counteract the risk of stomach churning. Weight must always be carefully considered.

Life expectancy “Neapolitan mastiff”

Breeding mistakes have cost this dog, formerly robust, many years of his life expectancy. Before they were 12, today they are more likely to be 6 to 9 years. But, exact data not available.

For sale “Neapolitan mastiff”

The purchase of a Neapolitan mastiff it must be long-term and well considered. You should check carefully if you have all the requirements in order to spend many wonderful years together with this strong friend.. Also financially the attitude is a challenge. If you are looking for a puppy, you must make sure that the dogs are not too massive and wrinkled. You must ask about the ancestors, its appearance, their illnesses, your age. To get a Neapolitan mastiff solid character, you should just look directly at a serious breeder. For animal welfare reasons you should refrain from buying puppies from parents with severe wrinkles. A puppy Neapolitan mastiff from a good breeder costs about 2.500 EUR.

Characteristics "Neapolitan mastiff"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Neapolitan mastiff" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Neapolitan mastiff”

Videos “Neapolitan mastiff”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • AKC – Dogs working
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Neapolitan mastiff"

FCIFCI - Neapolitan mastiff
Mastiff

Alternative names:

1. Mastino Napoletano Italian (English).
2. Mâtin de Naples, Napolitain (French).
3. Neapolitanischer Mastiff (German).
4. Mastino napoletano, Neapolitan mastiff (Portuguese).
5. Mastín napolitano (español).

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Bulldog
Gran Bretaña FCI 149 - Molossoid - Dogo

Bulldog

The Bulldog Currently he is a dog known for having a good humor.

Content

History

The race Bulldog or English Bulldog, It was initially used for betting in dog fights, during the 17TH century (in 1835 This practice was banned in England). In the news, this dog is one of the symbols of England.

Its origin is in the "ancient Greek dog", Kelb Thal Bulldog, or bulls Maltese dog: an imported breed to England, with ancient mastiffs crossed gave rise to the Old English Bulldog.

The Bulldog of yesteryear was lighter and similar to the Boxer than the chubby current Bulldog; was a purely sporting animal. It was used in the creation of other races as: Bullmastiff, Boxer, Bull Terrier, and some hounds like him Beagle old type. As a fighting dog, it was an animal that only accepted the challenge of larger animals such as bears., bulls and even Lions.

The origin of the name is due to the fact of being a dog butchers, that is to say, its function was to run the bulls, for believing that his meat was softer that way. Although it is probably a deformation of the name Band Dog or "Hardened Dog".
It must be borne in mind that the old Bulldog have nothing to do with the current, they were only modified with crosses with other races like the Pug or Dutch bulldog; race of which Bulldog inherited its flattened snout as well as its plump muscles.

Former Bulldogs were dogs of varied appearance, sometimes dogs elongated snout and all colors. It has to be taken into account that the former Bulldog was a working animal by which attached great importance to the character.

Physical characteristics

The Bulldog is a breed that is characterized by thick shoulders and a head large in proportion to their body. Generally thick folds of skin on his forehead, followed by a few black, large, round eyes. It has a short snout with folds above the nose, with a pendant Chin under neck, along with sagging lips and pointed teeth. The big legs give an idea, how strong is the dog that you have to deal with. Even a well-trained bulldog with an ideal weight seems to the uninitiated observer that it is a dog with excess pounds. He's really loaded with muscle and shouldn't have any fat on his ribs. All this translates into a very powerful and imposing appearance.

Its pelage is short, smooth and elegant red color, beige, white, striped (color mixing, sometimes in irregular stripes) and various colors of these.

Weight and height standard varies by country, but in general terms and averages, These dogs are usually measured in 30 to 40 cm. and weigh in 18 to 25 Kg. Some dog breeds need them they cut off the tail or her call after birth, the bulldogs are the few races that have naturally short and curly tail. A long, upright tail it is flaw in a Bulldog.

Character and skills

The Bulldog is friendly and courteous. There is hardly a quadruped that is so wholeheartedly devoted to humans. He greets his family and all the people he has held close to his heart at some point in his life with exuberant warmth.. It´s, mostly, a cool guy who can't be bothered by anything so quickly, not by a barking dog or by the vacuum cleaner running through its muzzle. But it can literally explode in an instant when it seems necessary. Then shoot like a rocket towards the front door and pile up with a dark bass in front of the alleged troublemaker.. In this situation, literally goes through the wall. The direct path is then his creed.

But do not worry, the Bulldog can be controlled and bite accidents are practically impossible. When you realize you've scared a friend, almost embarrassed. Once the “danger”, he lies down comfortably on his couch again seconds later and growls like nothing happened. At these extremes his mental heritage comes out once again. The Bulldog has a sovereign character, making it the ideal companion even in hectic big cities and a balm for our often stressed psyche.

Care “Bulldog”

The Bulldog has no special demands on your posture. It is a frugal and low maintenance companion, as long as you are healthy. The most important thing is that you feel the love of your humans. It can be easily kept in a small apartment as long as it has its place on the sofa with a cushion. This is sacred to him. But there shouldn't be too many stairs to climb. He loves his daily walks, you also need to stay fit, and is a smooth companion when traveling or in the restaurant. The Bulldog behaves perfectly and can also be left in the room for a few hours.

But, when is hot, you have to let her rest. You have to be careful that you are neither physically nor mentally stressed. You should avoid long car trips even with air conditioning. Otherwise, it is perfectly suitable for traveling. to most of the Bulldogs they love to travel by car. Since he doesn't have a strong hunting instinct, you can walk with him relaxedly through the landscape, what he also likes Bulldog. You have to control yourself with food. Most of the Bulldogs they are voracious eaters, who empty their bowl in no time and then look at us with an innocent expression: “What, Thats not all, I'm supposed to starve here?” Being overweight is bad for your health, even in the Bulldogs.

No special coat care necessary; occasional brushing is good for fur and psyche.
Regular cleaning is necessary in case of exaggerated wrinkles.

Nutrition / Food

The Bulldog he's a greedy dog. He hurriedly empties the bowl and then asks with a disapproving look if that was it.. In the interest of your health and your tendency to be overweight, must keep short and always watch the total ration of sweets included. It is advisable to feed the English Bulldog with high quality food with a high meat content.

Life expectancy

Due to over-exploitation and exaggeration in its appearance, the Bulldog has a life expectancy of only 6,3 years according to the standard leading Kennel Club static. A typical Bulldog of serious breeding without exaggeration can easily reach the 10-12 years.

Health “Bulldog”

There is probably no dog, nor any animal, that was so deeply shaped and unfortunately deformed by us humans. This caused considerable health problems. In 2009 the Kennel Club of London, who is responsible for him, revised the standard of Bulldog in the sense of a healthier upbringing. Among other things, nose wrinkles are expressly prohibited. Unfortunately, these regulations are ignored in much of the breeding. Natural births are a rarity and mating is increasingly being replaced by artificial insemination by the vet. The Bulldog healthy is very easy to care.

Many Bulldogs suffer from a deformation of the respiratory tract, it doesn't allow them to breathe freely. As a result, the heart is occasionally overloaded. It also, inflamed wrinkles, entropion (eyelid turned inward) and narrow ear canals are common clinical pictures of the Bulldog. It also tends to cause allergies..

Education

The basis of your education is a relationship of love and trust with your master and caregiver. Humans must take their stubbornness and occasional stubbornness with humor.. Otherwise, we have a problem. Not a receiver of orders. But, needs clear boundaries and rules that must be strictly adhered to. Because when you want something, can be very stubborn. The Bulldog wants to please his people, but check the meaning of each order. If you don't want something, there is no way to enter. The only way to get in is by asking.. But then he will do what he is asked. A relationship of trust, a good understanding of your individual personality and respect for him can be the basis of an extremely harmonious team, where the Bulldog follows its caregiver with only facial expressions and eye movements.

Ideal family dogs

The Bulldogs they are ideal family dogs. Social integration in the human family and participation in his life is the greatest for him. Also for us, the humans, your warm affection is always a cause for joy, smile and good mood. Does not have an innate behavior, like the herding or protective instinct, that could turn into trouble. It is an ideal playmate for children. Although at first glance it seems a bit awkward, he is surprisingly kind even to young children. He also gets along well with other pets..

For sale “Bulldog”

Find a Bulldog healthy is not easy
Buy a puppy from Bulldog it's not easy. Although there is a wide range of offers on the relevant Internet portals, these are mostly doubtful. Many of the Bulldogs offered there come from Eastern European or even German multipliers. Breeding dogs lead a miserable life and puppies often show their illnesses days after purchase. This can become a very expensive matter, not to mention suffering. The Bulldog seriously bred is an expensive dog to buy, precisely because their upbringing requires a lot of effort. Please, buy your Bulldog only from the local breeder from long ago, preferably breeders with all certifications. Take a close look at the breeder: Serious breeders like to show you their breeding dogs and document the health and age of their ancestors. But it is also recommended to take a look at the refuge – there may be an opportunity to offer a Bulldog a new home. The puppies of a serious breeder cost from 2500 EUR. No special maintenance costs are necessary, but the Bulldog has a high risk of disease and therefore a high risk of cost.

Characteristics "Bulldog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bulldog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Bulldog”

Videos “Bulldog”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI breed standard "Bulldog"

FCIFCI - Bulldog
Bulldog

Alternative names:

1. British Bulldog, English Bulldog (English).
2. Bulldog (French).
3. Bulldog (German).
4. Bulldog-inglês (Portuguese).
5. Bulldog inglés (español).

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Pyrenean Mountain Dog
Francia España FCI 137 - Molossoid . Mountain

Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims.

Content

History

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is an ancient watchdog of the mountainous world of the Pyrenees. There it is officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées. The people of the Pyrenees call him the cute little one Patou. The pyrenees, like a vast, deserted and rugged, previously inaccessible mountain range, form the natural border between France and Spain. Here there were and there are wolves and bears, with the consequent problem for ranchers. It also, sheep used to be one of the few livelihoods of the people here. While in Germany and other Central European countries people lament the return of the wolf and complain about the damage caused to game and sheep herds, in the Pyrenees dogs such as the Patou from time immemorial. And there are no complaints. Guard dogs are an integral part of every flock of sheep in the Pyrenees mountains.

On the French side, they are officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées or Pyrenäenberghund, on the Spanish side Perro de montaña de los Pirineos or Gran Pirineo. In addition to protecting herds against thieves, wolves and bears, also protected large estates. His powerful figure, his determination and ability to attack in an emergency were not without effect. The impression must have been so lasting that his work was already documented in writings from antiquity and the Middle Ages.. It is reported that the dogs would have recognized people from afar by their clothes. In 1391 it is said that the Count of Foix did a test. If he came disguised as a tramp, the dogs attacked him from afar without hesitation. If he came dressed as a count, he wasn't bothered.

The Patou was not a uniform race in the past. In very remote valleys there were often local breeds, genetically isolated, optimized for your job task naturally, but in the end the same dogs came out with a very similar appearance and character, though they might have been genetically separated for generations. Extremely harsh living conditions obviously outweighed the disadvantages of inbreeding. Modern pedigree dog breeding took an interest in these impressive dogs very early on. Already at the first dog show in France, in 1863, a separate class was established for the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.

An attempt was made to establish the Patou also outside the Pyrenees as a watchdog and protection. In 1907 the first standard was established in France. But, due to the two world wars and the associated famine period, the population of Patou outside the mountains suffered serious setbacks. In 1955 obtained the official recognition of the FCI – International Cynological Federation.

Physical characteristics

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a big dog, imposing, powerful and at the same time athletic and agile. Doesn't seem clumsy or massive, but rather elegant piecework. It has a medium length coat, very dense and flexible, which can be slightly wavy. The bottom layer is also very dense. To the colors that the official standard says:

White or white with gray spots (badger gray or wolf gray), pale yellow or orange (rusty) in the head, ears and base of tail, sometimes also in the body.

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it has a majestic height at the withers 70 and 80 centimeters in males and 65 to 75 in females. The weight must be between 60 and 70 kg. The measurements are quite similar to those taken by the Conde de Bylandt when he first described the breed in 1897, when he just called the dogs “Chien des Pyréneés“. The head of the Patou remember the contours of a molosser. Shows a very alert and attentive facial expression. It is a dog that rests in itself, who first of all observes everything, seemingly listless. This is underlined by his eyes, they're supposed to be sweet and dreamy, with its dark amber color.

Character and skills

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims. He looks cute and calm looking, sublime and imposing almost like a blank teddy bear, but you must not be wrong. It has a strong character combined with a very own but clear idea of ​​how it should behave – and the others in their domain. This idea is naturally shaped by its use throughout the centuries, where he had to defend his flock to life or death as a guard without the presence of the shepherd and, therefore, had to make decisions independently. The official standard classifies his character qualities as follows:

Since the dog was used exclusively to protect herds against attacks by predators, its selection for breeding was based on its suitability as a guardian, their respectable appearance and also their relationship with the herd. The resulting characteristics are strength and agility., as well as the sweetness and attachment to his protégés. This watchdog has a tendency to independence and initiative, which requires some authority from his master.

One Pyrenean Mountain Dog should only be held by an experienced and mentally strong person. First of all, not a family dog. But, it can become so if it has extremely competent guidance from its master or caretaker and if the external conditions are right. Only then can he be a good family dog ​​and lovingly protect all members of the family., including other four-legged friends. It also, is a good guardian and extremely reliable protector of the house and all those who, in your opinion -which should be clarified-, belong to it. Towards strangers he is suspicious.

Fitness

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it is extremely undemanding in its maintenance – if one ignores the aforementioned restrictions due to its nature as a watchdog. It is undemanding in its nutrition as well as in its accommodation. You can spend the whole year outside without problems – as long as you have a suitable hiding place and “suitable” does not mean neither kennel nor chain, because he must be able to move in his territory. This large, self-confident dog is quite sensitive and places great importance on a close emotional bond with his human family.. You need a trusting relationship with your master or caregiver.

Thanks to modern pedigree dog breeding, the Patou is better prepared for a big city life than other herd protection dog breeds like the Kangal or the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. So if you have a large, well-fenced property in the country, if you have joy, fun, experience and the possibility of getting involved with these dogs, you can experience a particularly impressive and beautiful facet of the human-dog association.

Pyrenean Mountain Dog Education

The education of Pyrenean Mountain Dog belongs to the hands of a teacher or lover with deep experience and canine knowledge. Like any other race, Pyrenean mountain dogs must be well socialized and educated since they are puppies. It would be irresponsible to want to keep such a dog as a beginner.

Care and health of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Absolutely easy to care for and undemanding. The Pyrenean Mountain Dog generally enjoys very robust health. Some health problems may include hip dysplasia; heart problems such as tricuspid valve dysplasia; cancers like osteosarcoma (bone cancer); eye problems such as persistent pupil membranes, progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts; dissecting osteochondritis (an orthopedic problem), patellar dislocation (dislocation of the patella) and swelling.

Nutrition / Food

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog he has no problem with his diet.

Life expectancy of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog have a very high life expectancy of 12 and sometimes more years relative to its size.

Characteristics "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed"Pyrenean Mountain Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

Photos:

1 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/774692
2 – Pyrenees Mountain Dog, XI International Dog Show in Kraków by I, Lilly M / CC BY-SA
3 – Great Pyrenees Mountain Dog by HeartSpoon / CC BY-SA
4 – Pyrenees mountain dog by Arnaud 25 / CC BY-SA
5 – Pasture of Anterne, Sixt-Fer-a-Cheval, Pyrenean Mountain Dog among the sheeps by Jerome Bon from Paris, France / CC BY
6 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by Emma.Martinet / CC0
7 – Pyrenees mountain dog by I, Beninho / CC BY-SA

Videos "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – Working dogs
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Sheepdogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog


  • FCI breed standard "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"

    FCIFCI - Pyrenean Mountain Dog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Great Pyrenees, Patou, Montañés del Pirineo, Perro de Montaña de los Pirineos, Can de Montaña de os Perinés, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Pyr, GP, PMD, Gentle Giant (English).
    2. montagne des Pyrénées, pastou, patou (French).
    3. Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Patou (German).
    4. Chien de Montagne des Pirénées (Portuguese).
    5. Gran Pirineo, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Gigante de los Pirineos, Gran Pirineu, Muntanya dels Pirineus, Patou (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)
    Tíbet FCI 230 - Molossoid . Mountain


    Mastín Tibetano

    The Tibetan Mastiff It is not a dog to live with children.

    Content

    Characteristics "Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History of “Tibetan Mastiff”


    The Tibetan Mastiff o Doge of Tibet (Do-Khy), is a dog native to Tibet, It appeared to the year 8000 to. C.

    The “Mastin Tibetano” It is an ancient race of work of the pastoralists of the Himalayas and a traditional guardian of Tibetan monasteries. Its history has been surrounded by great mysticism since it was discovered in ancient times.. Since its mention by Aristotle (384 – 322 to. C.) at the famous writings of Marco Polo, who went to Asia in 1271, all historical reports praise the natural strength and grandeur of the Doge of Tibet, both physically and mentally.

    Until his barking It has been described as unique and as a characteristic of the highly treasured breed.

    The outstanding European cinófilos of the past like Martin and Youatt, Megnin, Beckmann, Siber as well as Strebel, Bylandt have intensively investigated the Tibetan Mastiff, being fascinated with their origin and role in the Tibetan culture.

    One of the first Tibetan doges to reach the western shores was a male specimen sent to Queen Victoria by Lord Hardinge. (at that time viceroy of the India) in 1847. Later in 1880 Edward VII (then Prince of Wales), took 2 dogs return to England. One of the earliest records of litter of Doges Tibetans was in 1898, born in the Berlin Zoo.

    Considered as the race led all large mountain races and all mastiffs.

    According to testimonies dating back to 2.000 years before Christ, the Tibetan Mastiff was used by the Assyrians as a war dog and for the custody of prisoners..

    It still appears with the same appearance as in the Babylonian bas-reliefs, Egyptians and Greeks, showing in this way the great diffusion in very ancient times.

    The Roman conquests and invasions of Asian peoples, It spread quickly to the basin of the Mediterranean giving rise to all the races of molossians Europeans, many of pastor and other rescue as the St. Bernard, the Newfoundland and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.

    Characteristics Tibetan Mastiff

    Videos "Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)"

    mastin tibetano

    Mastín tibetano

    Mastin Tibetano

    It is a companion dog, Guard and protection; slow to mature, females only reach their apogee between 2 and 3 years and males at least the 4 years.

    It is a dog powerful, heavy, good bone structure. Impressive, solemn but kindly appearance.
    They have the feet quite large, strong and compact. They have the shape of the feet of cat with long hair between the toes. Its walk is strong, free, always light and elastic. In fast walks it tends to bring the members closer in a medium line. When walking, It seems slow and careful.
    Males have, notably, more hair than females. The quality of the hair is of greater importance than quantity. Primarily the hair should be fairly long and dense.

    When the weather is cold it should have a layer of hairs, internal and thick that becomes sparse in the hot months.

    The hair is fine but hard, straight and roughness. Never silky, curly or wavy. The hair of the inner layer, When it has, is quite woolly. The neck and shoulders are covered with hair giving the appearance of a mane. The tail is covered with dense and bushy hair. The upper rear of the hindlimbs is pretty long hair forms fringes.

    They are of color intense Black, black and tan, brown, various shades of gold, grey and blue; grey and blue and fire. The fire color varies from a very intense hue to lighter colors.

    It allows a White Star on the chest. Minimal white spots are acceptable on the feet. Heat stains appear on the eyes, in the lower extremities, on the underside of the tail, around the snout, and in the form of sunglasses around the eyes.

    Character “Tibetan Mastiff”

    Respect to temperament, the race many experts agree that is a dog difficult in nature or complex..., is distant, and too independent to the point of being unpredictable because rarely leaves knowing their true intentions.

    The Tibetan Mastiff It is a very brave dog that not afraid of anything, and that makes it in a excellent guardian.

    His family is very love and abiding, but it is completely distrustful to strangers, and that can lead it to bite a stranger, for that reason it is not usually a dog suitable for novices... Since, If do not have education and training appropriate and responsible, It can be a real danger.

    By that peculiar and especially unpredictable nature, race scholars pose that not is a dog ideal to live with children.

    It is one of the oldest breeds of origin and is still used today in the Himalayan chain for the custody of herds and as a guardian of monasteries..

    In the discharge of this function is safe and incorruptible, fierce and dangerous with strangers, as almost all races that can be defined as “old” and whose character has been forged in the course of the centuries.

    It has little spread outside of Asia, even in the world of the cinophilia, It is little frequent to see copies of this race to participate in international dog shows.

    Observations

    Even in Tibet it is on the verge of extinction due to the difficulties involved in raising dogs of that size..

    The price of a Mastin Tibetano currently ranges between 1500 and 2000 EUR, a few 1700 and 2400 $.

    In the news, the breeding of the Tibetan Mastiff develops almost exclusively in England.

    Health “Tibetan Mastiff”

    The Tibetan Mastiff have some health conditions that may be worrisome. These include hip and elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, the persistence of the pupillary membranes (an eye disorder) and demyelinating neuropathy inherited from canines.

    Not all of these diseases are detectable in a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free of these ailments., so you should find a trusted breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

    Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases the dog can still live a good life.. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in your line and the cause of death.

    Keep in mind that Tibetan Mastiffs mature very slowly. They will not reach their full size until they have 3 to 5 years of age.

    Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Tibetan mastiff at an appropriate weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong its life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    The toilet “Tibetan Mastiff”

    The Tibetan Mastiff has a long, thick double coat, with males having more luxurious coverage than females. The heavy undercoat is soft and woolly; the top layer is straight with a hard texture. The amount of hair on the neck and shoulders gives the Tibetan Mastiff the appearance of having a mane. Its tail and “britches” (the rear thighs) they are also heavily covered. There is no need to trim any part of the coat unless you want to give your feet a cleaner look. With regular brushing, should not need frequent baths.

    Brush to Tibetan Mastiff several times a week to remove dead hair and maintain healthy skin and coat. During the molting season, you'll want to brush it daily to keep your hair down under control.

    The rest is basic care. Trim nails as needed, usually every week or two. Brush your teeth frequently with a veterinarian-approved pet toothpaste for overall good health and fresh breath.

    Images “Tibetan Mastiff”

    Videos “Tibetan Mastiff”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

    FCI breed standard "Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)"

    FCIFCI - Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)
    Mastiff

    Alternative names:

    1. Mastiff (English).
    2. Mastiff du Tibet (French).
    3. Tibetdogge, Tibetanische Dogge, Tibetmastiff (German).
    4. Mastiff tibetano (Portuguese).
    5. Dogo del Tíbet (español).

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    Bullmastiff
    Gran Bretaña FCI 157 - Molossoid - Dogo

    Although affectionate and sweet nature, the Bullmastiff he's a great watchdog with a mind of his own.

    Bullmastiff

    Content

    Characteristics "Bullmastiff"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bullmastiff" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 30 reviews)

    Affection level ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Bullmastiff It is a British breed of dog, as believed, comes from the crossing between races English mastiff and Bulldog.
    The race originated official in Britain at the end of the 19th century and the first standard (description of the set of racial characteristics) data of 1924, date on which was adopted by the British Kennel Club. Subsequently, the American Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club, the Kennel Club Sheiko, the Australian Kennel Club and the Federation Cynologique Europèene itself drafted other standards, similar in concept, although, some of them show some differences.

    In the past, the Bullmastiff It was used in England as guardian of the large private landowners hunting grounds, in order to pursue and apprehend poachers; the dog Peiki developed its activity of harassment and demolition pushing the thieves with the weight of his body and throwing them on top, to immobilize them, without using his powerful mouth. The reason why the attack of this dog materialized in the use of bodily force but not in the bite was given by the Forest Laws that have prevailed since the 12th century in England..

    It should be said that even when the breed is officially defined as originating in the United Kingdom, the truth is that long before its adoption as such race by part of the Kennel Club and the making of his racial standard (that has changed very little since its adoption in the year 1924), the truth is that in the Iberian Peninsula there were specimens of similar morphology, as evidenced by engravings by Goya (c.1800) and, even more so the oil of great proportions, entitled “Courtyard of horses in the ancient square of Madrid, before the Bullfight”, Manuel Castellanos, dating of 1853 and that it portrays two dogs that well could pass through Bullmastiff modern.

    In fact, much earlier, they already existed “Bull dogs” in the Iberian Peninsula who were highly appreciated for their bravery and might; so much so that Catherine of Aragon herself, When he travelled to England to marry Henry VIII took, as part of his regalia, several of these animals to be used beyond, hobby that became very fashionable then and that continued to be highly appreciated in the times of Elizabeth I and Mary Stuart.

    Physical characteristics

    Aspect imposing and eminently deterrent, the Bullmastiff is an animal's good bones, chest wide and deep and powerful back. His head, square viewed from any angle, with ears darker than the mantle and preferably black color v, on which dominates a nose medium length and width, covered with a black mask that extends towards and around the eyes which have to be equally dark (preferably color hazelnut, Brown, dark brown or black, never yellow or amber), intense and deep look, is its main and most characteristic hallmark. Short hair, his cloak can be Griffon, covering all shades from sand to liver red, or striped.

    the typical male, when it reaches its full physical development, for the three and a half years of age, comes to measure between 63,5 and 68,5 cm to the cross with a weight between 49,5 and 59,5 kg. The adult female, completed eighteen months, usually weigh in 41 to 49,5 kg and measured between 61 and 66 cm..

    Observations

    Cleaning and maintenance of a Bullmastiff is simple, because it is a short hair dog, with an annual moult in spring. A session of vigorous brushing hair and against the grain, three times in a week will be enough to keep your hair clean and bright and prevent body odor. The baths, alter the pH of the skin are fully desaconsejados and if you ever needed to bathe him, it is essential to do it with neutral pH shampoo and warm water, abundantly clarified to remove all SOAP residue and then drying thoroughly throughout the body.

    Character and skills

    still today, its form of attack and defense is characteristic, and it is very much appreciated, because well measured its strength and never attacks to draw blood. And it is this trait that distinguishes it from other trotting breeds that are much more easily and prompt in the bite, inferring great damage to their prey, whether other dogs, other animals or people.

    It is essential that the exercise is very controlled during the critical stage of growth (until the 15-16 months males and the 10 months females), to prevent musculoskeletal problems in adults. For this reason you must avoid overweight in the puppy.

    Training in attack is totally discouraged.

    Smart guardian, discreet, effective and with great capacity of discrimination, is little barking, very home, and only moderately active, so it adapts perfectly to the floor and city life.

    Unlike other trotting races, It is characterized by accepting orders imposed all the members of the House, even the little ones and not be “dog for an owner only”, which facilitates its coexistence with the family.

    Did you know??

    Although affectionate and sweet nature, The Bullmastiff is a great guard dog with mind of its own. Assertive need an experienced owner and. The Bullmastiffs can be willful and is not likely to be put off once they wake.

    Bullmastiff Education

    What is important is loving but consistent parenting from day one. A dog school with puppy training and further development are very important for Bullmastiffs in socialization. Especially if you are kept as a single dog. All environmental situations should be practiced with him at first so that he can handle them later with confidence.. The Bullmastiff can be well motivated with his voice and can train with goodies. Once you have internalized a command, will be happy to do it.

    Bullmastiff Care and Health

    The Bullmastiff's coat is short and thick. A pimple glove is ideal for removing loose hair and an appropriate brush is suitable for grooming the coat. Ears should be checked regularly. It is also important to check regularly for ticks, fleas and other parasites. After each ride, clean the dog. If you find a tick that has already bitten your dog, you can remove it with tick tweezers. If you don't dare to do this, you should go to the vet. If the dog often shakes its head or tries to scratch with its paw, a walk to the vet is recommended.

    Breed-specific diseases

    The Bullmastiff belongs to the heavy dog ​​breeds. Hip joint dysplasia is a typical disease of this breed. The so-called rolling songs (ectropión/entropión) can also occur, bitches can suffer from tumors of the mammary gland. Tears of the cruciate ligaments can occur if they occur too early and too much stress on the puppy / young dog's age.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Bullmastiff is a “omnivorous” and eat any type of food. Unfortunately also what you find outside. Otherwise, is satisfied with dry food or BARF and tasty extras in the bowl. These include cottage cheese, eggs and noodles.

    Bullmastiff life expectancy

    Bullmastiff life expectancies vary.. As long as the Bullmastiff is healthy and is maintained and treated accordingly, has a high life expectancy of 10 years or more.

    Buy a Bullmastiff

    A Bullmastiff's decision should be long and well considered. Serious breeders can be found through the FCI (Federation Cynologique intenationale). It is advisable to contact several breeders and organize a visit. A serious breeder will accept a visit to himself and his dogs. He will answer any questions that may arise and will have all the documents available for inspection.. So both parties have the chance to get to know each other and exchange information and get a picture of the upbringing of dogs and puppies.. A responsible breeder will continue to accompany and support their puppies and their families..

    Once you have decided on a breeder and all questions have been clarified to your satisfaction, nothing stands in the way of a new family member moving out.

    Bullmastiff pictures

    bullmastiff videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

    FCI breed standard "Bullmastiff"

    FCIFCI - Bullmastiff
    Bullmastiff

    Alternative names:

    1. Bullmastiff (English).
    2. bull mastiff (French).
    3. Bullmastiff (German).
    4. Bullmastiff (Portuguese).
    5. Bullmastiff (español).

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    Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina
    Yugoslavia FCI 41 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina

    The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina is a brave dog, quiet, safe and reserved with strangers.

    Content

    History

    As it is the case with many breeds, the true origins of this big guy are unknown, although there are theories that try to approach them. Some authors raised that their ancestors were the ancient molossians, especially dogs from Greece and livestock guarding dogs from Turkey.

    Other authors believe that the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, drift of Asian dogs that arrived in Europe accompanied by migration of peoples who were engaged in raising them. This theory is the most widely accepted today..

    The race was initially recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1939 under the name Illyrian Shepherd Dog, demonstrating the ancient name of the native region of these dogs.

    In 1957, at the request of the Yugoslav Canine Federation (JKS), the FCI changed the name to Yugoslav Shepherd DogYugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, because it is in the Šar Mountains (Šar Planina in South Slavic languages, is a mountain range located on the southern border of Serbia in the province of Kosovo and in the northwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia), where is concentrated the largest number of specimens of the breed.

    If there is something indisputable it is that the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, lives since ancient times in the mountainous regions of the former Yugoslavia, from where it has spread throughout the Balkan Peninsula and recently, beyond these borders.

    Escudo de DragasThe image of the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina appears on the obverse of the coin 1 Denar, issued in the Republic of Macedonia in the year 1993, and is also the emblematic protagonist of the Dragaš shield, a city in the South of Kosovo, which is located in the region of the Šar Mountains.

    The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina has reached the ranches of North America as an esteemed sheepdog and cattle guardian. Predator problems have been greatly diminished once a Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina , takes the responsibility of a herd. You are one of the few dogs that can chase away a wolf or bear.

    Physical characteristics

    The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, is a large size dog, It is quite above average when it comes to large breeds. It is also robust and equipped with a strong Constitution.

    The height males average is of 56 to 62 cm and females is of 54 to 58 cm.. The length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers.

    Although some authors speak of the existence of individuals whose actions were between 75 and 85 cm. of height and a weight of 65 to 100 kg.

    – The huge head is proportional to the body, It has the skull slightly convex and slightly longer than the muzzle.
    – The eyes of the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina they are almond-shaped and chestnut-colored (light or dark), transmit an expression of serenity but the look is penetrating.
    – The ears they are medium-sized, flat and hang on the cheeks.
    – The tail It is long and Sabre-shaped, if it is in a state of alert, it carries it high, barely exceeding the line of the back.
    – The fur It is long in some parts of the body and short in others. In the head, the ears and the anterior part of the extremities, is short. The length of the neck, the body and the back of the limbs and tail, is long.
    – Regard to the the fur color, all uniform colors are supported but it is preferable to be gray iron and gray very dark. As well, at the top of the head, the neck and the trunk have darker hair.

    Character and skills

    The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina it is silent, active and very protective, extremely bright, but very independent. It is an extremely good watchdog, and very reserved with strangers. The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina they are calm sheepdogs, very smart, which is why, wisely, they choose their friends, trust no one too fast. They are naturally fearless defenders of the pack, as well as his master and his property, so everything he considers his property is jealously and unconditionally guarded. This is a dog with character and very dominant that requires work.. If we just want this dog to be a companion, constant professional education from an early age is essential.

    The animals that live with him on the farm will be under his protection and there is no need to fear for them.. But, does not tolerate strange and unknown animals, often aggressive, and the same problems can happen with smaller pets, that can be seen as prey.

    She will get along well with the children she will be together with from an early age, will be devoted and protective of them, and you may consider children you don't know as uninvited guests, so we must be very careful. You must be especially careful with younger children, since he will watch over them all the time due to the shepherd's instinct, but if the children want to get away, will drag them back, so you can injure them without realizing it.

    Observations

    Similar to the Caucasian Shepherd Dogthat is very much– has a temperament more characteristic of a guard dog than a herd dog.

    Let us not forget that this agility, He was selected to defend the herds of the attack of wolves that were previously very numerous in their homeland.
    It is necessary that the owner of this dog is a person responsible and very conscious of the copy that is in charge of, the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, It has a specially developed and powerful teeth, It can be a real danger if the dog is not given a correct and healthy education.

    Education “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”

    This is not a suitable dog for beginners. He is very suspicious and incorruptible. Usually, is completely loyal to a single owner. Education must be clear, consistent and should be carried out from the first meeting with the puppy. Early socialization is mandatory. With an inadequate education, this dog can become uncontrollable, very aggressive, dangerous even to the owner.

    Required activity

    These dogs really need a lot of exercise. If the dog goes to work on a farm, will meet your daily career needs while working, otherwise, need a longer walk or daily run.

    Suitable environment

    This is a dog suitable exclusively for outdoor life. You will feel better on a farm or in a larger rural fenced yard because you will be able to run freely and perform your primary role as a sheepdog..

    Care “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”

    Your care is not too demanding. Thick hair just needs brushing once in a while, once a week will be enough, except when you change your coat that more frequent brushing is recommended. As with other dogs, this breed also needs to clean their ears, eyes and shorten their claws.

    Health “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”

    No known genetic health problems, it is considered a relatively healthy breed. As with other large breeds, hip dysplasia can occur in this breed.

    Images “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”

    Videos “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • CKC – Miscellaneous list
    • UKC – Watchdog


    FCI breed standard "Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina"

    FCIFCI - Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Illyrian Shepherd Dog, Šarplaninac (English).
    2. berger yougoslave, charplanina, charplaninatz berger albanais, sarplaninac (French).
    3. Šarplaninac, Jugoslovenski Ovčarski Pas – Šarplaninac, Jugoslawischer Hirtenhund – Šarplaninac, Illyrischer Schäferhund (German).
    4. Šarplaninac, Charplaninatz, Sarplaninac (Portuguese).
    5. Charplaninatz, Perro ovejero ilirio, Perro pastor ilirio, Perro montañés de Serbia, Perro pastor de Serbia, Perro montañés macedonio, Perro pastor macedonio, Šar Planinac (o Šar Planinec), Perro pastor yugoslavo, Perro montañés yugoslavo (español).

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    Cimarrón uruguayo
    Uruguay FCI 353 - Molossoid - Dogo

    Cimarrón

    The Cimarrón uruguayo also called Cimarrón dog or Creole cimarrón is the only breed developed entirely in Uruguayan territory.

    Content

    History

    The Cimarrón uruguayo Bulldog is a dog type molosoide, medium-sized, compact and strong, the fur can be striped or also bayo (cream-coloured) and snout black. His temperament is docile, cunning and guardian, ideal for guard, company or big game. It is recognized as a race in Uruguay from 1989 and internationally by the Federation Cynologique Internationale – FCI, from the 21 in February of 2006.

    Etymologically Cimarron is a term applied in America (originally on the island of Hispaniola) to everything that having been domestic or civilized returned to the wild or wild state, by referring in this case to their refuge in the heights (Indeed in the mountains and valleys hidden) Sierras, with which cimarrón would be “who lives in the tops or hidden in them”.

    The original specimens of the wild dog descended from the dogs introduced by the Spanish and Portuguese conquerors..
    The natural crosses that were taking place in the wild is that it evolved in the course of two centuries a native variety perfectly adapted to the environment of the Uruguayan Plains.

    «Tell your master that when I lack men to fight his henchmen, I have to fight them with Maroon dogs»: José Gervasio Artigas to the Gral. Carlos Federico Lecor.

    The dog breed called Cimarrón dog or Criollo cimarrón is the only breed developed entirely in Uruguayan territory.

    Non-domestic dogs in the world, Whether original species or breeds produced by the feralization of domestic breeds that returned to the natural environment and managed to readapt to it, they show a physical development that is totally different from this one., so it is highly arguable that this breed produced in the Uruguay as a supposed model maroons dogs mentioned in ancient chronicles and documents reflect the natural demeanor of those. All wild dogs of the world, by what is known as “convergence” evolutionary level they have long legs, erect ears, slender body, exceptions that occur in extreme climates (enormous ears of certain dogs of African deserts or small ears of Arctic foxes).

    There are detailed chronicles of attacks by packs of these dogs on caravans and people, that led to the authorities of the time (end of the 18th century) they already have and encourage major massacres, reaching count by tens of thousands dead dogs.

    Each dead animal was paid by the authorities of the time, requiring proof of death presented the jaw or the pair of ears of the animal. From this practice would derive the characteristic ear cut that is performed on many newborn pups., in the form of “ear of puma”.

    Despite these massacres, «…a good number of mothers with their offspring conquered the mountains of Olimar and especially in the Sierra de Otazo and in the Cerros Largos», in what is now known as departments of Cerro Largo and Treinta y Tres, where many ranchers and landowners in this place, they took advantage of the virtues of this breed for working with cattle and defense of his property, beginning to raise it, preserving the mixing.

    Modern traces of the breed begin to become more public in the early 1990s. 1980, When numerous breeders of Montevideo, attracted by the remarkable characteristics some specimens, they begin to develop their parenting and standardization.

    It is in 1989 When this work begins to pay its fruits, to being the Cimarrón Uruguayo officially recognized by the Association of the Rural Uruguay (A.R.U.) and the Kennel Club Uruguayo (K.C.U.), 20 years after the first exposure of a specimen of the breed in the K.C.U.
    Thus, the Association of Uruguayan Cimarrones Breeders was created and together with the K.C.U.. It prepares the official roll of the race, selecting the base dogs of the same and registering their pups, being tattooed for the first time with this registration number.

    Today the character attributes of this breed called Cimarrón They make it increasingly popular in Uruguay and region, being employed as a companion dog, Guard and hunting, especially the wild boar.

    Physical characteristics

    The Cimarrón Bulldog is a dog of medium size type, balanced, strong, compact, with good osatura, muscular, shrewd and great courage. The size and weight of the males is of 58 to 61 cm. of height and 38 to 45 weight kg. And of 55 to 58 cm. of height and 33 to 40 weight kg, in females.

    Character and skills

    It is excellent to work with cattle dog, hunting and guard. Predominant livestock activity of these lands and the consequent abundance of food without great competition with other natural predators, the bighorn reproduced in large numbers becoming – according to historical documents – in a true plague and scourge for the inhabitants of the countryside and the livestock.

    This race since its standardization has attracted a growing interest both within the Uruguay border, having copies of this dog in various countries of America, from United States to Argentina, counting this last country with several breeders of Cimarrón Uruguayo.
    Another of the steps achieved for the genetic improvement of the breed called Cimarrón Uruguayo is the signing of an agreement between the University of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, through its Faculty of veterinary medicine with the Maroons breeders society for the study of the zootechnical status and consanguinity of the exemplary enrolled in their rolls.

    This long process of standardization was crowned the 21 in February of 2006 When the International Bureau of the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) gives international recognition to the Uruguayan Cimarron.

    The breed standard states that the dog must have great courage. Like all large dogs, Cimarron Uruguayo should be well socialized when very young if you want to be kept as a companion. It is a very friendly dog ​​with children and other animals.

    Cimarron Uruguayo is sometimes used for surveillance, hunting and all dog sports in his native Uruguay. Being a very intelligent dog has been used for all kinds of jobs, as rescue or grazing.

    A dog is fairly quiet and stable, rarely bark unless the threat is real.

    The primitive Cimarrón dog, by its roots in the Uruguayan territory, It has been from the very beginning of the national identity of this town a symbol of the independence struggle, faithfully reflected in the letter sent by General José Gervasio Artigas in response to General Carlos Federico Lecor, Count of la Laguna and Governor of the Provincia Cisplatina (current Uruguay) in which Artigas expressed that if it was left without soldiers to fight, I would do it with the Cimarron dog.

    It is because of this tradition that this breed is currently a symbol and mascot of the National Army of Uruguay., having a preferential place in the annual military parades of the 18 July. On this occasion, a soldier of the battalion of Blandengues (the company that Artigas himself knew how to lead at the time) He rides leading the parade carried a Moorish Steed without along rider which is a sheep dog by the flange.

    Images "Cimarrón uruguayo"

    credits:

    1. Cimarron Uruguayo – Kennel La Bonfire by Leonardo Botião Fonseca / CC BY-SA
    2. Cimarron Uruguayo by brindle / CC BY-SA
    3. The Finnish Winner Show, Helsinki, 2015. By Thomas / CC BY-SA
    4. Nbistolfi / CC BY-SA

    Videos "Cimarrón uruguayo"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , UKC

    FCI breed standard "Cimarrón uruguayo"

    FCIFCI - Cimarrón uruguayo
    Cimarrón

    Alternative names:

    1. Cimarron, Uruguayan Cimarron, Cimarron Creole, Maroon Dog, Cerro Largo Dog, Perro Cimarron, Cimarron Dog (English).
    2. Cimarrón uruguayo (French).
    3. Cimarrón Uruguayo (German).
    4. Cimarron uruguaio (Portuguese).
    5. Perro Gaucho, Perro criollo, Cimarrón (español).

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    Broholmer
    Dinamarca FCI 315 - Molossoid - Dogo

    Broholmer

    The Broholmer It was used as a watchdog for large farms and feudal lands.

    Content

    History

    The Broholmer it's interesting, partly because it is a very old breed of dog whose ancestry in the Danish royal house dates back to the time of Frederick II and Christian IV. King James I of Scotland reportedly, in relation to his marriage to the daughter of Frederick II in 1589, graced the Danish court with some magnificent mastiff-type dogs. These English dogs were mated with the dogs that Frederick II already had. The type of dog was named “The Great Danish Dog” since the Viking Age, that is to say, a few 400 years before Frederick II.

    We begin our historical review around 1850 at the Renaissance castle of Broen Broenne in Gudme. This is where the chamberlain Niels Frederik Bernhard Sehested (1813-1882) decided to reinstate and re-breed the old Danish dog, since the breed was about to become extinct at this time.

    To promote dog breeding, ordered to raise puppies to ten people in the country. But, there was a condition that one should promise to continue breeding. In this way, the dog became widely used and became a very common and prized dog.

    An old newspaper said: The Broholmer it has become an ordinary dog ​​in Denmark and especially on the streets of Copenhagen.

    The Broholmer also had its importance among royalty. King Frederick VII and Countess Danner had several broholmers. Both the king and the countess appreciated the breeder and were represented with their dogs on numerous occasions..

    Unfortunately, early twentieth century, this breed lost a lot of ground. Dog disease, epidemics and inbreeding problems killed many dogs. After that, the tracks of these adorable dogs almost disappeared, until in 1974 The alarm rang.

    The Danish Kennel Club began a national search for broholmers, and he found some dogs similar to broholmers, so that a real breeding job can be started.

    Although only a few dogs were found, managed to start a breeding job. The result of this work are the dogs that exist today in Denmark, whose owners are recommended to be members of the Broholmerselskabet.

    Since 1974, a breeding committee under the Danish Kennel Club has been responsible for the breeder's breeding planning. In 1996, el Broholmerselskabet, in collaboration with the Danish Kennel Club, obtained a valid cooperation agreement from the 1 in January of 1997, which meant that the members and dogs of the Broholmerselskabet were on their way to becoming a formal part of the Danish dog job. The cooperation agreement with DKK fulfilled the wishes of its members expressed at member meetings across the country in 1995. The race was on the way to recognition.

    The Broholmer has been recognized as a Danish national breed and has been granted international approval, the FCI pedigree, so breed approved dogs can now be showcased at DKK shows. This means that it can display broholmers on par with other breeds of dogs. This has now resulted in the fact that several broholmers have already received the title of Danish Champion and International Champion..

    The Broholmer it has also been internationally approved, meaning puppies can be sold to foreign stakeholders.

    Many breeds of dogs changed their appearance in the years around the last century and had to bow to various models., which in some cases caused problems that they then had to deal with. The Broholmer has not been the subject of any fashion illusion of any kind. The standard is, with some changes, the same one that Sehested wrote.

    Curiosities

    After the reconstruction of the race, the black color was difficult to recover, but at present it breeds without problems.

    Physical characteristics

    Large dog that can be inscribed in a rectangle; his walks are regular and energetic. The exterior appearance is dominated by a powerful front axle. The head is broad and solid. The neck is strong and has some folds (Spada). The chest is wide and well formed. At rest, his head is very low, leaning towards the ground. If the dog is attentive or excited, raises its head and tail rises above the horizontal. The eyes are round, not too big: color ranges from light amber to dark amber. His expression shows security. The ears, medium size inserted high, fall on the cheeks. At rest, the tail falls in the shape of a saber; on the other hand, when the dog is active it takes it higher, but without reaching the back.

    • Fur: short, with quite thick undercoat.
    • Color: leonado with black mask, golden red or black.
    • Size: males, 75 cm.; females, 70 cm..

    Character and skills

    The Broholmer he is a very kind and devoted dog. He is very receptive and just wants to make his owner happy. He is a watchful dog and will have a lump in his throat when there are strangers at the door. Act slowly and confidently. The Broholmer It is an excellent family dog ​​that, because of his kind mind, must be treated very carefully.

    How much exercise does a Broholmer require?

    Because the Broholmer is a big dog, it's important to keep it running. Hours of walking every day are not required, but the dog is always happy to go outside and exercise its muscles.

    How to best activate a Broholmer besides walks?

    The Broholmer it is a robust and strong dog that is very suitable for pulling. You can make your Broholmer successfully pull a cart or sled. Due to his kind mind, show a lot of affection with the people in their environment. There are examples of Broholmer that are rescue dogs, tracking dogs, shooting, etc.

    Is there skin care or the like to pay attention to?

    Skin care is minimal. A brush trip once a month is enough. In the molting season it can shed a lot of hair.

    Tips for People Considering Buying a Broholmer

    As an adult, the Broholmer have a medium level of activity, but the young dog has much more energy, that you; therefore, you must take into account its large size before deciding to purchase a Broholmer. We are talking about a puppy of 40 – 60 kg, who wants to explore the world. The dog must be respected for his great kindness and, therefore, develops best in homes where there is mutual respect between home and dog.

    The Broholmer it is for you that …

    You want a devoted dog, solid and calm

    You want a family dog ​​that you can feel comfortable with

    You want a dog that has a good temperament

    Images Broholmer

    broholmer videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC (The AKC does not have an official breed standard; currently uses the FCI standard) , UKC

    FCI breed standard "Broholmer"

    FCIFCI - Broholmer
    Broholmer

    Alternative names:

    1. Danish Broholmer, Danish Mastiff (English).
    2. Broholmer (French).
    3. Broholmer (German).
    4. Mastiff dinamarquês (Portuguese).
    5. Mastín Danés (español).