Finnish Lapphund
Finlandia FCI 189 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

Finnish Lapponian Dog

In southern Europe it has been known for very recently, and is likely to succeed when its qualities are discovered.

Content

History

The Finnish Lapphund is a robust archetype of dog. In his native Finland he is called Suomenlapinkoira, which is also his official name. In Germany his friends call him Lappi To abreviate. He originally comes from the herding dogs for the reindeer herds of the Sami, Laponia, the settlement area of ​​the Alone, extends over large parts of the northern Scandinavian peninsula. It's no easy task herding the fast and agile reindeer in the rugged landscapes around the Arctic Circle. Like this, over many centuries, an extremely robust and reliable working dog was created. Apart from grazing, the Finnish Lapphund accompanied humans during the hunt. In the fields he guarded and protected the families of the Sami, who had lived as nomads for a long time. In the shops he warmed his people at night.

This dog, that we hardly know today, it is one of the oldest dog breeds described in literature. Already the great Swedish naturalist scientist Carl von Linné described the Lapp dog about 1750 with the highest recognition, to mention just one example. Around 1900 the Finnish Lapphund was discovered by Finnish and Swedish dog lovers in the city as a companion dog. It had already gotten really weird then. First was the problem of finding the right dogs to create a kennel based on the ideas of modern pedigree dog breeding.. Because the Finnish Lapphund it was a little different in each sami tribe and as in all ancient races, it was quite diverse in itself.

A first definition of race was made in 1945 by the Finnish Kennel Club. There he was still called the lappish herding dog. In 1955 was officially recognized by the fCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale). In 1967 the name was changed to Lapphund. In 1993 received its current name from Finnish Lapphund. Like the name, also changed the determination of this original and ancient type of dog. Of the herding and hunting dog, modern breeding of purebred dogs made a companion. The appearance was unified and her coat was made considerably longer. However, has remained the herding dog, since he has lived for thousands of years as a companion of samis.

This rustic and very exciting dog is enjoying, with good reason and luck, growing popularity in recent years.

Physical characteristics

The Finnish Lapphund is a medium-sized representative of the original type dogs. It is a classic Nordic dog, which still shows its former role as a reindeer herd herding dog, hunting dog and guard dog. His charisma is breathtakingly sovereign. The Finnish Lapphund currently has a long and robust coat, insensitive to weather. It is a double coat with a rough top coat. It should not be curly. Males also have abundant mane. All coat colors are allowed, but a basic color must be clearly recognizable.

The Finnish Lapphund It has a height at the withers of about 49 cm in males and 44 centimeters in females. It is valid that the type is more important than the size. Weight is not prescribed by the standard. Their ears are usually upright. The tail is of medium length and abundantly provided with long hair.. In movement the tail should be curved over the back or to one side, at rest it can be carried hanging. The official standard describes the current Finnish Lapp in this way:

A little smaller than the average size dog, of strong constitution in relation to its size, whose body length slightly exceeds the height at the withers.

Character and skills

The Finnish Lapphund has remained a typical northern dog in nature. He combines originality and familiarity with his humans in a special way. The Lapp is not a “one man dog”, Although initially reserved with strangers. Usually announced with loud barks . It is a friendly member of the whole family. Has the qualities of a working dog and a family dog ​​at the same time. However, this requires certain storage conditions (see below). The Finnish Lapphund he still has the characteristics that have made him indispensable as a versatile helper of the Sami people for thousands of years. Thus it can be understood that this original dog finds its way into the modern world without any problem and is even used successfully as an assistance or therapy dog..

The Finnish Lapphund he is a great companion, simple and docile that radiates a fresh character, rustic and sovereign. It's very peaceful. In general, there is still a lot of hunting instinct alive in Lapps dogs. However, this is pronounced individually very differently. In any case, it should generally be easy to control with a little common sense. The official standard briefly describes its nature as:

“Sparkly, brave, calm and eager to learn. Peaceful and reliable”. The Lapp is a great friend who deserves a much more important role in the world of dogs. The Finnish Lapphund caresses the soul of his master and caretaker.

Attitude

The Finnish Lapphund easy to train and manage. He is very willing and sometimes forgives mistakes. So it is suitable like almost no other Nordic dog also for a committed beginner. The Finnish dog it is not a dog for a flat. The ideal would be a house with a garden. Because at Lapp he likes to stay out, where you want to spend the night or in winter you like to roll up and have it snow. A great experience. The garden should not be thought of as an ornamental garden. To the Lapps they like to dig and dig a little cave.

The Finnish Lapphund they still have the qualities of a herding dog and can still do this job today. However, unlike many other ancient herding dog breeds, is undemanding and does not need constant employment. However, he likes to accept challenges, also in the different disciplines of sport for dogs. To the Lapps they do very well as tracking dogs. The lush fur of the Finnish Lapphund requires intensive grooming, especially during the change of coat in spring and summer. Then, especially your house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair, even if you brush it every day. The Lapps they are very family oriented and very child friendly. They are excellent companions and at the same time bring a piece of wild nature into our lives..

Education

The Finnish Lapphund is very eager to learn and to learn and turns to us humans. So that I can be well trained. However, you have to accept the challenge, even love him, to mentally engage with this original dog, self-confident, to empathize with his character. Not only will you accept your caregiver, it will also be dedicated to him. You have to be fully involved in the experience with this confident breed, typically Nordic herding and guard dogs.

Through a loving but consistent upbringing, you Lappi must be aware of his position in the family from puppyhood. It is ideal if you are active with your Lapp dog in dog sports or follow-up work. In this way, you can experience this wonderful experience of an intimate bond between man and dog, especially when you have a close and intimate relationship with your dog.

Care and health

The lush, double coat of the Finnish Lapphund requires intensive care, especially during the change of coat in spring and summer.

Typical diseases

The Finnish Lapphund it is a robust breed of dog. Due to the very small breeding base, be aware of consanguinity and the results of predisposition tests for inherited diseases. Serious breeders will be happy to provide this data.

Nutrition / Food

The Finnish Lapp he has no problems in his nutrition.

The life expectancy of a Finnish Lapland Dog

The breed has a life expectancy of more than 12 years according to the Kennel Club.

Buy a Finnish Lapphund

If you are interested in a Finnish Lapphund, you should get information from a local breeder affiliated with a Nordic Dog club. You should plan here long term, because puppies from serious kennels – and only the ones you should buy – they are hard to come by. A puppy of this breed costs around 1.200 EUR.

Ratings of the Finnish Lapland Dog

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Finnish Lapphund” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Finnish Lapland Dog

Photos:

1 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/721341
2 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/676715
3 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1136704
4 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://flic.kr/p/cuPwW
5 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-perro-de-pastoreo-frontera-1806039/
6 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/frontera-perro-pastor-brit%C3%A1nico-1913373/

Videos of the Finnish Lapland Dog

Swedish Lapphund
Suecia FCI 135 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

Content

Origin and history

The Swedish Lapland Dog shares his ancestors with him Finnish Lapphund. They are descended from dogs bred by the Lapps and Sami specifically to herd their large herds of reindeer. For centuries they have served as indispensable working dogs in this way.

The breeding became more and more specialized in weather resistance and independence. The dogs had to perform physically very well. Persevering and willing to work, They formed the perfect partners for the herd owners. With this they ensured their livelihood for these people.

Only in the 20th century were three independent dog breeds formed and recognized from these dogs. In addition to the Swedish and Finnish Lapphound, there is also the Lapponian Herder today. This one has a shorter coat and short hair.

As technology progressed, the Swedish Lapphund was gradually replaced by snowmobiles. Due to its faithful and pleasant character, the breed remained, however, preserved. Today they are highly regarded as family and companion dogs. But they are also suitable for hunting, like watchdogs, and even as search and rescue dogs.

Physical characteristics

The breed is recognized by the FCI and belongs to the group 5 of the “Dogs type Spitz and primitive type”. The relationship with Spitz can be easily seen in the appearance of the Swedish Lapphund. Characteristic triangular head and ears frame large, alert eyes. With a height between 43 and 48 centimeters, belongs to the breeds of medium-sized dogs.

His coat is always black. Only occasionally can small white markings be found on the legs or chest. Like all Nordic dogs, has a double coat with a very dense undercoat and a long coat. This coat makes it very insensitive to almost all weather conditions.

Character and skills

Swedish Lapphund
The Nordic region's largest dog event: www.mydog.se

In his character, the Swedish Lapphund he is very attentive, lively and friendly. It is well adapted as a family dog. But it is often used for dog sports too, hunting or as a watchdog. Your original task as a herding dog is, Unfortunately, hardly necessary nowadays.

Like an intelligent and persistent dog, it is important that you are always physically and mentally disabled. Due to its independent character, consistent training is necessary. In experienced hands the Swedish Lapphund is a loyal and robust companion.

The Swedish Lapphund tends to bark, what is beneficial to use as a watchdog. If you start early with education, the barking can also be well contained. Generally friendly with other animals.

Correct nutrition

The Swedish Lapphund has no special restrictions on feeding. It can be well fed with any quality food. Attention should be paid to a good nutrient composition. The sugar, However, has no place in feeding.

Awards are not absolutely necessary for the motivation and education of the Swedish Lapphund. However, is particularly happy with the natural chewy sticks, like cowhide or pig's ears. Attention should also be paid to dental care.

Swedish Lapphund Care

Although the coat of Swedish Lapphund it is as abundant as it is impressive, his toilet is not elaborate. The coat is very dense and offers perfect protection against the weather. Firm structure of the top layer is dirt repellent. Therefore, it is enough to brush the Swedish Lapphund from time to time to remove coarse dirt or sticks.

Only during the change of coat is daily brushing necessary. One should use the dog shampoo very sparingly with this dog. Therefore, should only be bathed in the absolutely exceptional case. In addition, a haircut is not normally necessary. Like any other dog, their claws should be checked regularly and, if required, cut. The ears should also be cleaned from time to time to avoid infection.

Videos of the Swedish Lapphund

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 135
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..

    FCI breed standard Swedish Lapphund

    Swedish Lapphund FCI Swedish Lapphund FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Svensk lapphund (English).
      2. Chien suédois de Laponie (French).
      3. Schwedischer Lapphund (German).
      4. Lapphund (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor lapón de Suecia (Spanish).

    Icelandic Sheepdog
    Islandia FCI 289 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

    Icelandic Sheepdog

    The expression of the snout recalls a smile that highlights his cheerful temper.

    Content

    History

    Where does the Icelandic Shepherd Dog come from?

    For many centuries the Icelandic Sheepdog was the “Swiss knife” of the lonely farms and workshops of the great North Atlantic island. In the extremely harsh weather they had to herd sheep, keep small vermin, help in hunting, as well as taking care of the house and the farm and especially the children. On the one hand they are considered as shepherd dogs and on the other hand as Nordic Spitz. In any case, they're extremely smart, Agile, flexible and robust man's aides.

    Its existence was in grave danger only recently. Due to the diseases introduced and the mixing with pedigree dogs imported legally and illegally to the island, seemed already extinct. Then the Icelanders recognized the danger surrounding their only native dog and took specific measures against him.

    Today, this unique breed of dog seems to be above the hill in its population. The Icelandic Sheepdog enjoys increasing popularity outside Iceland. Genetically speaking, has been able to maintain his Nordic identity. This is confirmed by at least a thorough genetic analysis from 2017 of more than 100 breeds of dogs by a team of geneticists led by Heidi Parker.

    The Icelandic dog has become very popular outside of his original home as a friendly, exciting and fascinating companion and family dog. It still retains much of its original acting ability, expressed in his desire to move, to work with friends and to be very alert. In 1972 was officially recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale).

    Physical characteristics

    The Icelandic Sheepdog of “Islenskur Fjárhundur” it is a very old breed of dog and the only one in Iceland. The Icelandic dog is a medium-sized dog, which is coughy and only at first glance resembles a medium-sized dog. It has a dense fur, weather insensitive and robust. The top layer is medium or long, with a dense, soft sub-hair. There are Icelandic dogs with short and long hair. Different colors are allowed, from tanning to cream, chocolate brown, grey or black. Dogs should always have white markings.

    The standard describes its overall appearance in this way:

    The Icelandic Sheepdog is a Nordic grazing Spitz; it's a little less than medium-sized and has pointed ears and a screwed tail. Seen on side, has a rectangular format, namely, the length of your body from the tip of your nose to the tip of your buttock exceeds your height to the cross. The depth of the chest box is equal to the length of the front legs.

    How big is an Icelandic Sheepdog?

    Males must have a height at the cross of some 46 centimeters, the females 42 centimeters. The standard does not give any information about weight.

    Longevity of an Icelandic Sheepdog

    A Icelandic dog seriously raised must have a life expectancy of 12 years or more.

    Character and skills

    The Icelandic Sheepdog remains an agile grazing dog and a watchdog at the center of his being. However, outside Iceland, usually only raised as a companion dog. This is not a disadvantage. Rather he finds very well in his current role as family dog and companion. But it's still very agile and needs your workload. He feels comfortable watching and protecting and also likes to bark. At the same time it is a very friendly family dog that turns to people. He is considered very fond of children.

    The official rule correctly describes its character as follows:

    The Icelandic Sheepdog it's a sturdy grazing dog, agile and noisy and, therefore, extremely useful for grazing and driving cattle in pastures and mountains, as well as for tracking lost sheep. He is alert by nature and welcomes every visitor enthusiastically without being aggressive. His hunting instinct is underdeveloped. The Icelandic Sheepdog is happy, friendly, curious, playful and not afraid.

    The Icelandic Sheepdog is definitely suitable for the ambitious beginner.

    Care, health and diseases

    How much care does an Icelandic Sheepdog need?

    An Icelandic dog needs to be roasted during fur change. The top and bottom layer should be brushed intensely.

    Is there a typical breed disease in Icelandic dogs?

    The Icelandic Sheepdog it's essentially a healthy and robust breed of dog.

    What food is best for an Icelandic dog?

    The Icelandic Sheepdog is a trouble-free and unre demanding food. Of course, High quality food is good for your health and test. Like most dogs, sometimes he likes a bone of fleshy beef and fresh meat.

    Considerations before purchase

    Where can you buy an Icelandic dog?

    If you are interested in a Icelandic Sheepdog, you should look for a local Icelandic dog breeder who is affiliated with an official Nordic dog club. You should fix this in time., because puppies are rare.

    Icelandic Sheepdog Education and Maintenance

    Do I want an Icelandic dog?

    The Icelandic Shepherd Dog is a friendly and breus dog. He wants to integrate into the family and can fit in without problems. Ideally a house with a garden in the countryside. But that's not an obligation.. You can also keep it in an apartment in the city, whenever you deal with him every day.

    The Icelandic Sheepdog is a loving member of the family and a great companion for children. Welcome visitors amicably and stormily. Their cordiality is contagious. If you get too bored, you can spend your energy on furniture or become a thief.

    Since the Icelandic Sheepdog has little hunting instinct these days, the excursions with him to nature are quite relaxed. With an Icelandic dog you can go on a trip without problems. In the car – just by the hair – an aluminum transport box is recommended.

    A Icelandic Sheepdog needs to be looked after by fur. It is very important that humans and dogs have a common interest in a lot of movement and in exploring nature. Icelandic dog is not a sofa stuffed animal.

    He can be trained very well. He is open and honest and likes to work alongside his master or carer. Art lies in finding the right level of consistency and guidance for this very lively and at the same time sensitive and intelligent dog. The decisive basis is always a close emotional bond and mutual trust. Because of their good behavior, you can easily do, a certain amount of work is a basic requirement. A frustrated Icelandic dog won't thank you as an obedient companion. But this is only in the possession of your caregiver. From puppy, you have to keep an eye on your eagerness to report, which is related to the bark of joy. Here you must put the strict reins, if you don't live on a lonely, lonely property. Once again, the Icelandic Sheepdog is more effective than any alarm system.

    Icelandic Sheepdog Review

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Icelandic Sheepdog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitability of the apartment ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Can be alone all day ?

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a first dog ?

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Weight gain ?

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Kindness with child ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bite ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bark ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to flee ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss force ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a guard dog ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Joy ?

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendliness ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Power level ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Icelandic Sheepdog

    Photos:

    1 – Icelandic Sheepdog, remembering a Corgis by Thomas Quine / CC BY-SA
    2 – Icelandic Sheepdog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/237527
    3 – Icelandic Sheepdog by Canarian / CC BY-SA
    4 – Icelandic Sheepdog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/237516
    5 – Icelandic Sheepdog by Alan Levine / CC BY
    6 – Icelandic Sheepdog by Swedish Fair from Sweden / CC BY

    Icelandic Sheepdog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 289
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..
    • AKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
    • CKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
    • UKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

    FCI breed standard Icelandic Sheepdog

    Icelandic Sheepdog FCI Icelandic Sheepdog FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Icelandic Spitz, Iceland Dog, Íslenskur fjárhundur, Islandsk, Fårehund, Friaar Dog, Canis Islandicus (English).
      2. Berger islandais, Berger d’IslandeFrench
      ).
      3. Isländischer Spitz, Isländischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Islenskur fjárhundur (Portuguese).
      5. Íslenskur Fjárhundur (Spanish).

    Finnish Spitz
    Finlandia FCI 49 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Finnish Spitz

    It is a dog that can annoy the neighbors, because he barks a lot and with a particularly penetrating voice.

    Content

    This four-legged friend of the Finnish fox color with the typical terse character of the Spitz is a Nordic hunting dog, who has gathered a small but loyal following around the world. It is especially popular in its homeland, Finland. Below you can read interesting facts about the Finnish Spitz, which in Finnish is called “Suomenpystykorva“.

    History

    Finnish national dog

    For centuries, the Finnish Spitz has been used as a hunting companion in northern and eastern Finland. In particular, has helped hunt small predators, moose and waterfowl, and later this dog became more and more specialized in grouse and black grouse: Scare these large birds into the surrounding treetops. Now him Finnish Spitz barks persistently until its two-legged partner is close enough to shoot prey.

    Little is known about the exact development of the breed. However, the Finnish Spitz probably descended from dogs Spitz, who have been the everyday helpers of the people in Russia for more than 1.000 years. Towards the end of the 19th century, finnish Hugo Roos observed the original Spitz in northern Finland while hunting and recognized its extraordinary abilities. He advocated selective breeding and thus developed the modern Finnish Spitz – although the standard has been changed several times since then. In Russia, the four-legged friend is also known as the Karelo-Finnische Laika, but in 2006 the Finnish and Russian breeding associations agreed that the two names are the same breed. This means that Finland has been recognized as the breed's country of origin and is responsible for the standard.

    From 1979 the Finnish Spitz has been the national dog of Finland.

    Physical characteristics

    Compact body, upright ears and a bushy tail curled over the back: The Finnish Spitz medium-sized is optically a typical Spitz and stands out especially for its red or golden brown fur. This consists of two layers: The soft, dense undercoat and the hard top coat. The undercoat is always a little lighter.

    Males can reach a height at the withers of about 47 cm., the females some 42 cm.. Depending on its size, the dogs weigh between 10 and 15 kg.

    Character and skills

    If you want a stuffed dog that always strives for recognition from his two-legged friends, you are wrong with a Finnish Spitz. This independent and sovereign dog knows better than anyone where he is going, and therefore never fully subordinate. He is extremely intelligent and loves to learn, if you can teach him something new. Frequent repetitions quickly bore you, so your willingness to cooperate can decrease rapidly. He is brave and very keen to bark: one of its characteristics is a penetrating voice – More on this later. A Finnish Spitz can be used as a guard dog, but he needs to be connected to his human pack. He is friendly with his caregiver or family and enjoys spending time with children.

    Attention: It is a very Barking Dog.

    At this point we would like to point out a special characteristic of this dog, the bark of joy from Finnish Spitz. Please, consider it: In finland, with a population density of about 16 Inhabitants per square kilometer, the closest neighbor usually lives far away. Here the dog is not only known for its strong voice, but also positively emphasized and encouraged in the form of barking competitions.

    This skill is extremely important for hunting, so that the dog can offer good guidance to the two-legged hunter who cannot move so easily through partially snowy forest. The Finnish Spitz they don't just bark, they also dominate different variations, from short sounds to a kind of song.

    Many Finnish Spitz they can do up 160 sounds per minute. So if you are thinking about the arrival of such a dog, first you must inform yourself about his joy of barking. Even if you can control or reduce it, some Finnish Spitz will continue to bark more than most other dogs – this is simply in their genes. If you live in a rural area, you can use the Finnish Spitz as an excellent guardian of the house and the yard.

    Activities with the Finnish Spitz

    To the Finnish Spitz he loves the time he spends with his reference person, as well as being outside. Therefore, it's better to combine both as often as possible and take it for long, long walks. It is a wonderful companion on walks, if you keep him on a leash or have his hunting instinct under control. This last, However, it's a challenge with this breed, if recoverability is not trained from the beginning. Frequent repetitions are not fun for him Finnish Spitz, they are looking for a common activity that also trains their smart little head. The trace job, for example, it's a pleasure for him Finnish Spitz. In all sports activities, you must ensure that your partner does not overexert himself., so you stay motivated and injuries don't occur.

    Finnish Spitz education

    If you are thinking that a Finnish Spitz move in with you, You should already have some canine experience to guide this independent companion to the required basic obedience. Don't expect me to be completely subordinate to you, race is too independent for that. Be consistent with everything that is important to you, but leave the Finnish Spitz his own head (testaruda) elsewhere.

    With a loving consistency and positive reinforcement you can train this dog well as a rule. Anyway, he is very intelligent and likes to learn new things – then it is also, as a result, cooperative. Use this for your training. With a young man Finnish Spitz it makes sense to visit the puppy school, to establish positive contacts with puppies of other breeds and to strengthen or develop your social streak. Also basic command training in a dog school can be very helpful with him – it's best if you find a dog school that already has experience with the idiosyncratic character of Spitz.

    Robust health

    The typical Finnish Spitz is a robust and weather resistant dog: the breed is considered to be hardly affected by specific inherited diseases. If you are thinking of acquiring a dog of this type, it is important that you buy it from reputable breeders, as these reduce the risk of genetic diseases through responsible breeding. An example would be the predisposition of some dogs to Hip Dysplasia or problems with the knee and elbow joints. Talk to the breeder in question about the health care of parental animals.

    You can contribute greatly to the health of your dog yourself by providing a healthy diet and exercising appropriately for his age and level of training..

    This breed of Spitz it is quite sensitive to heat due to its origin in the far north… The walks in winter, on the other hand, are to the taste of this four-legged friend. The breed reaches an average age of 12 a 13 years.

    The Finnish Spitz diet

    In addition, a balanced diet adapted to the needs of your four-legged friend is an important component for their health. Like all dogs, the Finnish Spitz requires a meat-based diet. Therefore, make sure meat is the first ingredient for the pet food you choose. The grain should not be included. This applies regardless of whether wet or dry food is chosen. With a pure diet of dry food, you should pay special attention to the fact that your quadruped gets enough liquid.

    Water must always be freely available. After meals, their Finnish Spitz definitely must have time for a digestive nap, so it is better to feed after the joint excursions. Remember that treats must be added to the daily ration, otherwise your dog's slim waist will be in danger. It is also possible to bring dry food as a reward.

    Dry chews, like cattle ears, satisfy your partner's chewing needs. Dental care treats or freeze-dried meat snacks especially for dogs are other sensible rewards that you can give your four-legged friend a tasty little treat with..

    Care for the Finnish Spitz

    Although caring for this dog's coat is quite easy, should not be careless, especially during coat change. In spring and autumn the Finnish Spitz usually has a lot of hair – help him get rid of dead hairs by brushing him regularly – preferably daily. This way you can prevent skin irritation, which can develop rapidly if too many hairs from the dense undercoat remain on the dog. Outside the coat change, just brush your partner once a week. During this grooming ritual, that you should already practice with your puppy, it is better that I also look in the ears, that you should clean with a dog ear cleaner if necessary. A brief claw check should also be performed at regular intervals – usually older quadrupeds or those that only walk on soft ground need support from you in the form of a pedicure. Here a dog gripper provides valuable services.

    Does a Finnish Spitz suit me?

    A dream home for a Finnish Spitz It is a large plot of land in the field to watch over her, including family connection. The breed is suitable for dog lovers with a great sense of independence, who like to move in nature with their partner and who can impart basic obedience to the stubbornness of their four-legged friend thanks to the skill, consistency and calm. It is not a city dog ​​and its barking of joy alone could make it unsuitable for keeping indoors, even if you can have a quiet Finnish Spitz as a roommate through lots of activity and patient training.

    As a family dog ​​it is very suitable, provided you have the appropriate occupation and education. In addition, is patient and trusting with children with whom he usually has a good relationship – but make sure the four-legged friend can retreat if he feels like it. The Finnish Spitz not suitable for hot regions and also not a companion for a beach holiday – loves cooler climates, what is much better for him.

    Talking about vacation: Before deciding on this dog, Please also consider that you should be well looked after in case of illness and on vacation. Preferably from someone who already knows you and is familiar with the characteristics of a Spitz. Of course, you can also take it on vacation with you, but before registering it in a hotel, you must be sure that you do not want to charm every hotel guest with your loud voice. Therefore, this type of trip is only possible with a very well bred Finnish Spitz.

    Also consider in advance the one-time costs and especially the regular costs that you will have to pay when your new pet roommate moves in.: In addition to the basic equipment and purchase price of a dog from a reputable breeder, there may be considerable travel expenses for a puppy bought abroad. Once your Spitz lives with you, there will be high quality food costs, taxes and insurance for the dog and expenses for regular visits to the vet, including vaccinations and deworming.

    Where can I find my Finnish Spitz?

    Like many other races from the far north, the Finnish Spitz is a rarity in southern Scandinavia. In many countries not a single litter of Finnish Spitz in a year, so if you have fallen in love with this breed, you will usually have to travel long distances to get a puppy as a new member of the family. Contact the Nordic dog breed clubs, that can help you find a dog of this breed, which is especially popular in your home country, and possibly establish contacts with breeders in Scandinavia. If you adopt a puppy from abroad, there are some things you should consider… Get informed in time! Remember: It always makes sense to visit the puppy in the kennel to meet the parents and the circumstances in which the four-legged friends live.. If possible, you should also visit the breeder personally before deciding to buy a puppy from abroad. Here there is also the possibility of sniffing and asking questions without time pressure. After all, buying a puppy is a matter of trust.

    If you want a Finnish Spitz adult as companion, there is little chance in most Central European countries of getting a matching dog – maybe you are considering a trip to Finland in the near future and find it there. Otherwise, Nordic dog breed clubs will help you in your search. Maybe a Nordic cross or another breed of Spitz can conquer your heart.

    advice: Start looking for your new partner with watchful eyes and an open heart, because many hybrids of Spitz have similar characteristics.

    Ratings of the Finnish Spitz

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Finnish Spitz” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ?

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitability of the apartment ?

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Can be alone all day ?

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a first dog ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Weight gain ?

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Kindness with child ?

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bite ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bark ?

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to flee ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss force ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a guard dog ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Joy ?

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendliness ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Power level ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Finnish Spitz

    Spitz finlandes

    Spitz finlandés by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA / CC BY

    Spitz finlandes

    Spitz finlandés by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA / CC BY

    Finnish Spitz Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 49
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway and Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • ANKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • CKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • ​KC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • NZKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs

    FCI standard of the Finnish Spitz breed

    Finnish Spitz FCI Finnish Spitz FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Finnish Hunting Dog, Finnish Spets, Finsk Spets, Loulou Finois, suomalainen pystykorva, suomenpystykorva (English).
      2. Spitz finlandais (French).
      3. Karelo-Finnische Laika, Suomenpystykorva (German).
      4. Spitz finlandês (Portuguese).
      5. Loulou Finois, Suomalainen pystykorva, Finsk Spets (Spanish).

    Karelian Bear Dog
    Finlandia FCI 48 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Karelian Bear Dog

    The Karelian Bear Dog is a very independent and intelligent dog.

    Content

    History

    The Karelian Bear Dog, which also bears the name of zyrians dog, is considered the progenitor of the breed. But the basic strain of the breed came from the Carelia de Ladoga, the Olonets and the Carelia Rusa, where these dogs were used to hunt in different ways. The breeding started in 1936 with the aim of developing a robust dog that could make noise when hunting big game. At that time it was agreed that the breed name should be Karelian Bear Dog. The first standard was created in 1945. In 1946 the first dogs were registered in the stud book. Today the breed is well established in Finland.

    Physical characteristics

    This four-legged friend has a great similarity to the Laika related to him.

    With a height at the withers of up to 60 cm., males weigh about 28 kg. Bitches are slightly smaller and should not weigh more than 20 kg. The Karelian Bear Dog has a strong trunk and generally a compact and dynamic stature. On his head there are medium and erect ears and he wears a folded tail on his back. The icing on the cake is usually a white tip. In all other respects, dense coat color is usually black with white markings. The rough top layer is very close to the dense undercoat, that glows with a slight brown hue.

    Character and skills

    The freedom-loving character

    This dog loves the vastness of the forest and its independence, a combination that combines his attitude with some challenges, because he'll take any chance to roam free. As this four-legged friend acts very independently during the hunt and must place the hunt alone, it is also, for the rest, a confident companion, who gladly takes command when the opportunity presents itself.

    He is considered brave and is always ready to defend his loved ones. Contact with other dogs can be problematic without extensive socialization, because some Karelian Bear Dog show aggressiveness when meeting other dogs. However, other owners report their dogs great balance and praise their social compatibility. It is a fact that many Karelian Bear Dog they are also working together as hunting assistants – so with good conditioning and socialization this shouldn't be a problem.

    They are excellent watchdogs, that reliably indicate intruders. Despite all the lovely nooks and edges, the Karelian Bear Dog they also have their soft sides: They are not aggressive with people, they like to be petted at home and they love to be petted by their caregivers.

    Karelian Bear Dog Education<

    Education without subordination

    Its independent nature requires a lot of knowledge, but it should be clear from the start to anyone considering having a Karelian Bear Dog: that this proud quadruped will never be subordinate. Their independence reaches such a point that many Karelian Bear Dog they disappear in the forest for days in their native country, just to show up again when it suits him.

    Harshness and yelling are absolutely out of place in training this sensitive dog, which will then retreat or crawl. However, with the right mix of positive reinforcement, empathy and consistent behavior, good daily obedience can be achieved.

    It is important to socialize extensively with other four-legged friends from puppy age onwards., since some Karelian Bear Dog are considered incompatible with other dogs of the same species, what can become problematic on daily trips. It is a challenge to keep this dog available and away from independent hunting trips. Specialists with experience in dogs of this breed are definitely needed.

    Karelian Bear Dog Health and Nutrition

    The original breed is considered very robust. If you buy it from a serious breeder and pay attention to a balanced and age-appropriate diet- plenty of exercise, your four-legged friend can reach a age up to 13 years.

    Important for a healthy dog ​​life is, of course, also the daily food content. give to you Karelian Bear Dog a high quality food with a high proportion of meat and little grain. The energy needs of your four-legged friend depend on their constitution and daily exercise. So be sure to adjust the food accordingly and keep an eye on her slim waist.

    As in humans, extra kilos increase the risk of various diseases, including painful joint problems. Always provide fresh water. On the longest trips, you should also have enough water for your partner, which is also more sensitive to heat. Visit the vet at least once a year for a checkup with your pet and talk to him about necessary vaccinations and regular deworming.

    Caring for the Karelian Bear Dog

    The skin of this weather resistant quadruped is easy to care for. However, loses more hair during coat change, so it may be helpful to brush it every day, so that less hair is spread around the house. Otherwise, brush it every few days; This ritual also reinforces the bond and should already be practiced with the puppy for a relaxed routine.

    Always check the eyes, your puppy's ears and claws and use a special eye and ear cleaner if necessary. The claws can become too long in dogs that walk a lot on soft ground – or they move too little, what in this quadruped, However, should only occur in very old or diseased specimens. In this case, shorten them with special tweezers.

    Many dog ​​owners brush their quadrupeds' teeth regularly with dog toothpaste and brush to prevent tartar and associated secondary diseases.. You can now practice this with your puppy. Alternatively, you can offer your dog dental care snacks.

    Activities with the Karelian Bear Dog

    Occupation: Go out to the forest!

    This four-legged friend's favorite hobby is clearly hunting.: extensive travels through the forest and hunting tracking are his passion. The Karelian Bear Dog seek the game to be hunted almost silently. Once you have reached your destination, barks long and persistently at the hunt to keep it in place until the hunter arrives.

    The Karelian Bear Dog sometimes they hunt in threes, so they can also keep bigger animals like bears at bay. The breed does not necessarily have to be hunted. As an alternative to hunting, the karelian bear dog also suitable for dog sports, but in this case you can only do activities that you like. If you enjoy it, Agility sports can be a good activity for a Karelian Bear Dog adult. Also suitable as a companion for jogging or cycling – but you must keep his hunting instinct in check. Most of these excellent trackers like tracking work of all kinds.

    Is a Karelian Bear Dog Right for Me?

    The Karelian Bear Dog belong to the hands of seasoned enthusiasts, preferably hunters. Alternatively, need a lot of exercise and outdoor work. Only then is it possible to keep them as family dogs. Experience with dogs should be available in any case. You must also be clear that this quadruped can only be trained conditionally. Does not belong to the group of dogs that subordinate themselves – as a dog owner you must respect this, but still be able to direct his power in a controlled way.

    The Karelian Bear Dog not in any way suitable for a city apartment. Ideally, offer you a leak-proof garden, in addition to the daily run in forests and fields, but beware: the Karelian Bear Dog freedom lover is considered a fugue artist and can jump up to two meters high.

    This four-legged friend likes to befriend children, but they should be older and have learned to treat animals with respect.

    Cats in the same household are not necessarily a good idea, not to mention rabbits or other small animals. The norse hunter you will always see potential prey in them. Of course there are exceptions to the rule and there may even be friendships between Karelian Bear Dog and cats socialized at a young age – but you won't be able to get a guarantee before you move in. So you must bring a lot of time, space and experience if you want this proud dog to move in with you.

    The Karelian Bear Dog is a four-legged friend for connoisseurs, not to be chosen as a new roommate for its rustic look. If you are not looking for a true character head, you will have little joy with this animal roommate. Of course, before moving, one-time expenses also need to be calculated (buy creator, basic team, travel expenses) and regular expenses (food, veterinary, dog tax and insurance).

    Where can I find a Karelian Bear Dog?

    This breed of dog is found naturally mainly in Scandinavia, especially in finland. Further south there are only a few dogs of this very special hunting breed. In Germany, for example, not a single cub of Karelian Bear Dog in recent years. Special Nordic dog clubs can help you find the dog of your dreams. However, There are some things to consider if you are interested in a puppy from abroad. It's always better if you can get a picture of the puppies' house and meet their parents. The Nordic Dog Experts, who you should contact through the appropriate associations, can advise you if there are possible alternatives to Karelian Bear Dog that suit you, to your life situation and your wishes. Or you can refer them to the breeders of Karelian Bear Dogs, if there is currently no one in your country who has a litter in the near future.

    Ratings of the Karelian Bear Dog

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Karelian Bear Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitability of the apartment ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    He can be alone all day ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a first dog ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Weight gain ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Kindness with child ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bite ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bark ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to flee ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss force ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a guard dog ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Kindness with cat ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Energy level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Karelian Bear Dog Images

    A 10-year-old male Karelian Bear Dog. Head shot with tracking collar around neck by Uusijani / CC0

    Karelian bear dog by Friesian.marcin / CC BY-SA

    Karelian Bear Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 42
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway and Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • CKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs

    FCI breed standard Karelian Bear Dog

    FCI Karelian Bear Dog FCI Karelian Bear Dog

    Alternative names:

      1. Karjalankarhukoira, Karelsk Björnhund (English).
      2. Karjalankarhukoira (French).
      3. Karjalankarhukoira, Björnhund (German).
      4. Karjalankarhukoira (Portuguese).
      5. Karjalankarhukoira (Spanish).

    Norrbottenspets
    Suecia FCI 276 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Norrbottenspets

    The Norrbottenspets is also used as a draft dog.

    Content

    History

    The Norrbottenspets (Spitz from the North Bothnia country) probably originates from the small spitz-type Laika that was known to live with hunters in the North Cape area, already in prehistoric times. Little hunting spitz have survived for thousands of years through natural selection - survival of the fittest. In the very harsh and difficult areas of the northern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, hunting for food and skins was a necessity in order to survive. Precious skins like saber, Sable fur and ermine were the only valid currency for centuries. When fur prices fell drastically after WWII, so did the interest in him Norrbottenspets.

    The breed disappeared and there were no records for many years, hence the Kennel Club of Sweden (SKK) declared it extinct. But only a decade later news came that true-type specimens had been found living as pets and watchdogs in small inland homes in North Bothnia.. Due to the very dedicated work of a few men, this ancient hunting spitz was saved.
    In 1967 the Norrbottenspets was introduced to the Registries and a new standard was drawn up.

    Source: http://www.fci.be/en/nomenclature/NORRBOTTENSPITZ-276.html

    Physical characteristics

    It is a small spitz-type dog with a rather square appearance, compact and plump, with a lean and strong musculature. The bearing is handsome, with head and tail high. The breed has a strong sexual dimorphism, although the ideal specimen for both sexes is a well-characterized small spitz, attentive, good guardian, of harmonious construction and good character.

    The skull is sharp, with the ears set high and relatively small, eyes are dark and bright, and express calmness and predisposition towards work.

    Ears are slightly below average size with sparse hair and erect bearing. The tail is set relatively high, fairly tall in a semicircle, with the tip touching the sides of the thighs. When it stretches, must not exceed the tip of the hock.

    Hair: hard, short, straight and quite bushy, with fine and dense undercoat. The length varies depending on the body area: longer around the neck and on the thighs and shorter on the skull and front of the extremities.

    Color: all colors are allowed. The ideal is white with yellow or brownish red spots.

    Size: males 45 cm.; females, 42 cm.

    Character and skills

    Norrbottenspets

    The pretty white colored Spitz, medium size and short hair is very rare in his native country and practically unknown outside of Sweden.

    He is an excellent guard with a lot of drive, temperament and stubbornness. With proper physical and mental tension, it is also a nice and friendly companion dog.

    As a born hunter, the Norrbottenspets He is very Brave, fearless and alert. He is extremely lively and has a lot of temperament and self-confidence. The Norrbottenspets it is very suitable as a guard dog, because it reports everything I miss immediately without being aggressive. In the family he is very sociable, friendly and gentle. But the intelligent and self-confident dog can also be stubborn and needs a sensitive education and clear guidance..

    The Norrbottenspets he is very docile, but it needs a lot of movement and a lot of demanding and varied activity. The ideal are, for example, tests with companion dogs, sports tournaments with dogs or rescue dog training. Only with appropriate mental and physical activity will Norrbottenspets it is also a nice and friendly family companion dog. As a pure house dog or for a life in the city it is not the right dog.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 276
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI standard of the Norrbottenspets

    Norrbottenspets FCI Norrbottenspets FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Nordic Spitz, Norrbottenspitz, Pohjanpystykorva (English).
      2. Spitz nordique (French).
      3. Norrbottenspets, Pohjanpystykorvat (German).
      4. Spitz nórdico (Portuguese).
      5. Spitz nórdico (Spanish).

    Black Norwegian Elkhound
    Noruega FCI 268 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Black Norwegian Elkhound

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound is closely attached to his people and is very loyal

    .

    Content

    History

    Among the three moose hunters of the North (Black Norwegian Elkhound, Gray Norwegian Elkhound and Jämthund), the Black Norwegian is probably the one receiving the least attention. But the agile and friendly hunter is an attractive breed to many dog ​​owners..

    Its origins go back a long way along with those of the Gray Norwegian Elkhound: These self-confident four-legged Spitz-type friends belong to the time-honored breeds, because a similar dog look can be tried up to the stone age in Scandinavia.

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound is a modern variant of Gray Norwegian Elkhound and has been officially recognized as an independent breed since 1877. An advantage of him Black Norwegian Elkhound during hunting is that it is clearly visible in the white snow. However, These clever four-legged friends have always been used as guard dogs or pack protection dogs.

    Physical characteristics

    Despite the similarity of name, the Black Norwegian Elkhound it's a separate breed, but closely related to the Gray Norwegian Elkhound. However, the Black Norwegian Elkhound it is much less common.

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound it is optically a typical Spitz and has a compact, square build with erect ears. He wears his tail rolled up on his back like other dogs Moose hunter from adulthood. It is smaller and more agile than the Gray Norwegian Elkhound and weighs around 18 kg with a height of 47 cm to the cross. As the name already indicates, this dog's short coat is black, but white spots on legs and chest are allowed as per standard. Also the eyes are dark. The pelage is dense, very sticky and consists of a rough top coat with a soft bottom coat.

    Character and skills

    Multifaceted character

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound he is very loyal to his people. This does not mean that this independent partner is subordinate. Abroad, these dogs are lively, curious and open to all common adventures. However, the busy Black Norwegian Elkhound they also enjoy cozy hugs on a quiet afternoon.

    They are playful, brave and very smart. Like many Nordic dogs, are good “alarm systems”, but only limited good watchdogs: They indicate to strangers – loudly and persistently – but it may happen that they then run towards a potential intruder with a wagging tail. These proud four-legged friends don't always get along with other dogs of the same species. Proper conditioning and socialization is important

    Educating the Black Norwegian Elkhound

    Easily educated with knowledge

    His intelligence and humanity contribute to the education of this Black Norwegian Elkhound don't present big obstacles.

    Likes to work with “their” people and do what they say, as long as you also find it useful. Because you always have to take into account the small stubbornness of this independent hunter when training him. Be consistent and pay special attention to recoverability and bark control. Strength and toughness are absolutely out of place in the upbringing of this sensitive four-legged friend.

    Usually reacts very quickly and strongly to harsh words and reproaches, so use them sparingly. The Black Norwegian Elkhound can be better motivated by the principle of positive reinforcement – clicker training can also be of great help here. A visit to the puppy school helps improve this companion's social streak, which is sometimes a bit belligerent compared to other dogs. It can also be very helpful to attend training classes at the dog school – it is better to choose a suitable dog school where you and your companion feel comfortable before the puppy arrives.

    Black Norwegian Elkhound Health

    In general, the breed is considered to be quite robust and, provided he is raised responsibly, is largely free of genetic diseases. Representatives of the breed can reach the 13 years old in good health. This energetic four-legged friend needs a species-appropriate diet, which should consist mainly of meat: Therefore, you must choose a food in which meat is the first element of the declaration and preferably cereals are not included. Your dog's energy needs depend on his constitution and how much he consumes through exercise, so keep an eye on your slim waist and adjust daily servings as needed.

    Important: Just like us humans, small snacks move quickly to the hips too – plan your dog's snacks in the general ration. Healthy snacks include dry dog ​​chews or sugar-free dental care snacks and freeze-dried meat snacks. Water must always be freely available.

    Caring for the Black Norwegian Elkhound

    The coat of the Black Norwegian Elkhound it is very important to the furry four legged friend, because it performs an outstanding protective function in the harsh Nordic climate and protects you from extensive autumn rains as well as freezing winds. Help your partner keep their hair always in a clean condition and brush it every few days to remove dead hair. You can also brush daily during the coat change, so your roommate loses less hair in the apartment. Coat dirt can be brushed off as soon as it has dried.

    You should only bathe your roommate if it can't be helped, use a mild dog shampoo for this purpose. When brushing, routinely check the ears and clean them with a mild shampoo if necessary. Some dog owners have chosen to brush their roommates' teeth with a dog toothbrush and toothpaste.. It is a good way to prevent tartar and its secondary diseases until the dog is old enough. However, you should already accustom your puppy to the ritual. Also check the claws of older dogs from time to time – if they no longer wear enough, you need to shorten them accordingly with a pair of dog claw pliers.

    Activities with the Black Norwegian Elkhound

    Although his original task was to accompany the hunter when hunting moose and bears, but also smaller animals like foxes, the Black Norwegian Elkhound it is a versatile all-rounder: Loves outdoor exercise and is considered very persistent. This is why you can easily take your four-legged adult friend with you to training sessions. jogging.

    Outdoor activities can be relaxed, especially if you have trained your Black Norwegian Elkhound so it doesn't run away with every rabbit. Apart from recovery exercises – that only very few moose hunters enjoy – the docile and energetic dog can get excited about many things: For example, can find great fun in agility sports and quest games. In addition, It is suitable for the work of rescue dogs. Some owners of moose hunters they also report on beautiful experiences with their partner, trained as a visiting dog, with whom they visit, for example, retirement homes or nursing homes and give the residents of those places an animal joy. Try together what you like, The chances are great!

    Is a Black Norwegian Elkhound Right for Me?

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound suits athletes who like to be outside and keep their dog busy. If you can make this possible for your dog, it is also possible to keep it in an apartment, as long as the apartment offers enough space. Education can be mastered by beginners if they are willing to deal with the hunting characteristics of the breed and adjust education accordingly..

    The Black Norwegian Elkhound it can be a wonderful companion for children. This original hunter can live normally with cats, sometimes even in a friendly way, if you have already gotten used to them as a puppy. Otherwise there could be problems, because the dog sees the cat as prey. Small animals like rabbits are not ideal companions, since they can always trigger prey drive.

    A Black Norwegian Elkhound can also sleep outside, what can be a sensible alternative for these heat sensitive animals in summer. However, needs close family connections and does not like to be alone. Before the dog moves, clarify not only the one-time and permanent expenses you will have to pay, but also if you are willing to spend several hours a day actively with your new partner for years to come. You should also take care of your dog in case of illness or during the holidays – many destinations today also offer holidays with a dog.

    Where can I find my desired Black Norwegian Elkhound?

    It doesn't matter which of the two Norwegian Elkhound has won your heart: Outside Scandinavia, big game hunters from the far north are rarely seen. This is even more difficult with the black Norwegian than with the gray. Therefore, if you are interested in this animal rarity, please contact the Nordic dog breed clubs in your country. If required, they can contact breeders at home and abroad. However, you will usually have to take into account waiting times and long distances to travel to the desired puppy. In his native country, Norway, only a few are born 120 puppies every year.

    As a result, becomes difficult or impossible if you look for a Black Norwegian Elkhound outside scandinavia, that is already grown. It is very unlikely that you will find a four-legged dog of this type in the animal shelters of your country; However, a visit there can be helpful if it's open to other breeds.

    Ratings of the Black Norwegian Elkhound

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Black Norwegian Elkhound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of Black Norwegian Elkhound

    Black Norwegian Elkhound Puppy by Eirik Newth / CC BY

    Black Norwegian Elkhound running through the snow by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1602973

    Black Norwegian Elkhound Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 268
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway and Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI standard of the breed Black Norwegian Elkhound

    FCI Black Norwegian Elkhound FCI Black Norwegian Elkhound

    Alternative names:

      1. Norsk Elghund Svart, Norsk Elghund Black, Black Elkhound, Norwegian Moose Dog (black) (English).
      2. Chien d’élan norvégien noir (French).
      3. Norsk Elghund Sort (German).
      4. Norsk elghund sort (Portuguese).
      5. Elkhound noruego negro (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Black Norwegian Elkhound About 1 years old by Rvenes / CC BY-SA

    Jämthund
    Suecia FCI 42 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Swedish Elkhound

    Still very old, the breed was not recognized until the year 1946, previously it was confused with the Gray Norwegian Elkhound

    Content

    History

    Only in 1946 the Jämthund (Swedish Elkhound) was recognized as a breed. However, the Jämthund it is a very old breed of dog, which is already known since the north of Sweden is populated.

    The reason for this late recognition is that the little Gray Norwegian Elkhound and the jämthund they were judged by the same race. At the end, this trial turned out to be untenable. The Jämthund mainly used to hunt moose, but it has also been used to hunt bears and lynxes, especially in the past.

    Today the FCI recognizes three different moose dogs:

    All three are assigned to buffers and dogs of the original type (Group 5) and in them they are assigned to the section 2 “Nordic Hunting Dogs”.

    Physical characteristics

    The Jämthund He is respected for his wolf-like appearance and his great and powerful stature. With a height at the cross of 57 a 65 centimeters and a weight of about 30 kg, It is the largest and heaviest of the three moose dogs recognized and at the same time the largest Nordic hunting dog. Throughout its long history, the Jämthund not only faced wolves, lynx and elk, but also adult bears, whom he faced fearlessly when hunting.

    Character and skills

    Blind obedience is absolutely far from this self-assured and independent pedigree dog from the far north. After all, the Jämthund in Sweden has been hunting moose, lynxes and even bears bravely and on their own for thousands of years. Although he always keeps in touch with his hunter, this smart and independent breed doesn't need your orders.

    Strong dog personality with many talents

    Dog lovers who are interested in this breed should know that the practice of certain commands sometimes requires some effort. With stupid repetitions or even with force and violence you will not achieve anything with the Jämthund.

    However, if you accept his character and thoughtful nature and have the skills to deal with such a strong personality, you can certainly train him to be a versatile working and companion dog. With inventiveness, patience, consistency and sensitivity, the persistent and powerful Jämthund can be trained not only to be a versatile hunting dog, but also an excellent herding dog, Guard, sled and rescue.

    Very experienced hunting dog

    Despite relatively late recognition as a separate breed, the origin of Jämthund goes back a long time. In the province of Jämtland, in central Sweden, which is decisive for his name, the type of dog has been known for thousands of years.

    Even the first settlers in northern and central Sweden had dogs to hunt bears, Moose, lynxes and wolves. Hunters especially appreciated his enormous stamina and physical strength., with which the dog, independently and bravely, went out in search of hunting.

    Today he is considered in hunting circles as an intrepid and energetic search dog., which is not only suitable for hunting loose hounds, It can also be used for guide dog hunting. Search and pursue game in the dense forests of Scandinavia and remain silent until you have placed the animal. Only then does he give the hunter a signal through his barking that he can hit the target.. This type of hunting is called “standing still“.

    The Jämthund as a family dog

    Also as a family dog ​​the Jämthund it is very suitable, as long as enough space is given to the independent nature and great desire for freedom of this original hunting dog. So it is considered friendly, balanced, calm and fond of children. After an appropriate period of acclimatization, also accepts conspecific, cats and other pets without any problem.

    He meets strangers with a certain distrust according to his natural instinct for vigilance and protection. Does not act nervous or aggressively. There is also no denying a certain joy in barking at this Nordic hunting dog..

    Breeding and buying a Jämthund

    In Sweden the Jämthund has long been known beyond hunting circles and is popular as a versatile utility and companion dog. In other countries of the world, However, the Swedish pedigree dog is very rare. Although you can find breeders in Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands and North America, finding and waiting for a purebred puppy can sometimes take years. Therefore, it is advisable to contact a registered association for Nordic dogs, that can help you find breeders in Scandinavia.

    What do I have to consider when buying a Jämthund?

    Although the distance to the breeder is long, those interested should take the time to get to know the kennel, the animals and the breeder in detail before buying. Don't take home the first best puppy, Before making several visits, convince yourself that it is a serious parenting, that dogs are raised with a lot of experience and love.

    In addition to health tests, vaccines and the presence of all important papers and a pedigree, animals must grow up in a close relationship with their breeder from birth. The socialization of a Jämthund already begins in the first weeks of life. Living with his mother and brothers, but also with the breeder's family, puppies learn the most important rules of the hierarchy.

    What demands does the Jämthund to the owner?

    A Jämthund need plenty of exercise. You must also be sufficiently disabled both physically and mentally. A life in gated communities, in the city and without a garden, it certainly doesn't do this kind of dog justice.

    The Jämthund feels more comfortable in rural areas. There you can move freely and spend a lot of time in nature. If not used for hunting purposes, you should definitely offer alternative activities. Possible are exams for companion dogs, dog tournaments or rescue dog training. Also bike rides, long walks or sledding shots in winter are suitable to satisfy the great momentum of movement of the Jämthund.

    Is a Jämthund?

    Before you start looking for a suitable breeder, you should ask yourself the following question: Is this Nordic pedigree dog right for me and my life??

    This becomes especially important if you don't want to keep Jämthund like a hunting dog, but exclusively as a family dog. In this case you must make sure that you have enough experience, time and space to satisfy this demanding and energetic four-legged friend.

    Asking if this dog is a good match for me, of course you should also watch the costs. After all, owning a dog costs not only time but also money. In addition to the purchase price, dog tax and insurance, there are also equipment expenses, watch out, food and visits to the vet.

    You may be interested in our article on this topic: Getting the puppies used to the new home: Basic equipment and tips.

    What food does the Jämthund need?

    More important than the price of the food should be the price of the ingredients. This does not mean that the most expensive food is always the best.. Much more important is that the composition is adjusted to the needs of your dog and these depend on quite individual criteria such as weight, age, activity level and health status.

    Basically, the food of Jämthund, like all the other dogs, should consist mainly of meat. It is the most important energy supplier for the descendant of the wolf and must constitute at least the 80 percent of the diet. The meat is complemented with vegetables, important fruits and fats, that provide an optimal supply of nutrients.

    The cereals, the sugar, artificial flavor enhancers and chemical preservatives, on the other hand, have no place in dog food, either dry food, wet food, even cooked or raw food (BARF).

    Jämthund care

    The waterproof coat of the Jämthund repels dirt and moisture well, but it still needs to be brushed regularly. It is best to comb your hair daily, especially during the layer change phase. This way you can remove dead hair in time and at the same time ensure that the amount of hair in your home is kept within limits.. However, you should not expect meticulous cleaning in your home as the owner of this dog.

    In addition to the toilet, claws should be trimmed regularly to avoid injury. Your roommate's ears and teeth should also be cleaned and checked at regular intervals., about two or three times a week.

    Jämthund Health

    The Jämthunde they are very robust

    Careful grooming is not just for cleanliness and hygiene, but above all for the health of your dog. Brush your dog regularly and check his ears, claws, eyes and teeth. This way you can quickly detect any changes and make an appointment with the vet on time.

    Being overweight is a problem for all dog breeds and quickly causes more complaints. Therefore, it is advisable to check your pet's weight regularly. Hand palpation is also a good way to determine if your dog is of normal weight.. You shouldn't be able to see your dog's ribs from a distance, but I should be able to feel them.

    In all other respects, the health of Jämthund is very robust, and there is no need to fear the hereditary diseases typical of the breed. If you have time, experience, money and the desire to fully adapt to this breed, you will surely have many years of pleasure with him Jämthund.

    Ratings of the Swedish Elk Hunting Dog

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Jämthund” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Jämthund

    Photos:

    1 – Jämthund by Jörgen Blom / CC BY-SA
    2 – Jämthund (Swedish Elkhound) in the woods. 2 years old male. by User:Arto Pääkkönen / CC BY-SA
    3 – Jämthund by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/644232
    4 – Jämthund by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/619009
    5 – Jämthund by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1289323
    6 – Jämthund village https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-tronco-mascota-animales-2064314/
    7 – Jämthund by HTTPS://pxhere.com/es/photo/753453

    Jämthund Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 42
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway and Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    STANDARD FCI breed Jämthund

    FCI Jämthund FCI Jämthund

    Alternative names:

      1. Swedish Elkhound (English).
      2. Jämthund (French).
      3. Jämthund (German).
      4. Jämthund, Elkhound sueco (Portuguese).
      5. Elkhound sueco, Jämthund (Spanish).

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