Central Asian Shepherd Dog
Rusia FCI 335 - Molossoid . Mountain

Pastor de Asia Central

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It is a cat with dog skin, sensitive and partner.

Content

History

The dog Central Asian Shepherd Dog (среднеазиатская овчарка or Sredneaziatskaya Ovtcharka, also known as, Volkodav or The Crusher Wolf) is recognized by the FCI, as a breed of molosser dog Russia, where most of the copies.

The Russian cinológicos clubs agree that this is one of the most popular in the country races, on many occasions, considering it the number 1 in the ranking of Russian dog breeds.

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It probably originated in a geographical area between the Urals, the Caspian Sea, Asia minor, and the Northwest of the border of China. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, as well as mixing with other races, yet, can be found in their countries of origin, as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and neighbouring countries.

Some serve as guardians of livestock, some protect their owners, and some are used for dog fighting, It is a national tradition in many countries of the region. Russia biologists and scientists have studied the local canine population since the 18th century, so far.

After the Communist revolution, the Soviet Government focused on the working dog breeds for the Red Army, and imported the best representatives of the race to Russia accordance with the requirements of the army and guard dogs. For decades, This practice has harmed the local population. In addition to a large number of casualties, the introduction of new breeds to the region led to crossbreeding. With the time, purebred dogs were only left with some pastors and race enthusiasts, but in other places there was an excess of crosses.

However, and despite all, Today the population of dogs Central Asian Shepherd Dog remains stable, in general, and the reproduction of some true quality dogs that do honor to his capacity for work has been, regardless of country of origin.

In Europe, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is relatively unknown, but in Central Asian countries it is still used as a working dog and accompanies shepherds on their walks in the steppes.

Physical characteristics

This breed has many varieties that differ in the size, the color, head types, and the types of fur. For these reasons it is very difficult to establish an official standard of the breed.

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog it is a dog of large or medium size, of rough constitution and strong musculature. Its coat is composed of the hard and smooth top layer and the abundant and dense inner layer. The top layer can be short (3 – 5 cm.) or slightly longer (7 – 10 cm.). With a longer top layer forms a distinctive mane around the neck. Due to a well developed undercoat and different lengths of the top coat, dogs adapt well to different weather conditions.

The coat color of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's very diverse: it comes in the colors white, black, grey, red fox, Brown grey, straw yellow, mackerel, spotted and mottled.

The ears are triangular, low-set and pendulous. The tail is thick at the base and set quite high. The natural tail is long and is carried like a sickle tail. Tail and ear cutting is still practiced in the countries of origin.

Although there are unique characteristics of the thoroughbred dog breed Central Asian Shepherd Dog, such as being extremely flexible, This is very notable in their joints, have false ribs, the very strong neck and a large Chin.

Some have a black mask. The head is very solid, the neck is of low insertion, short, with double chin. The body is quite comprehensive and provided with good flat muscles. The ribcage appears very long, because they have their famous false ribs. The legs are straight, the typical movement is a gallop.

He has expressive eyes, almost human, revealing his inimitable intelligence.

According to the qualities of work required by the owners, the modern Pastor of Central Asia has been raised in different directions, trying to highlight specific skills. Within the traditional area of origin of these canes, the dog fights were always, but they were never so cruel and destructive as the fights of type Pit Bull Terrier.

Every year the shepherds in the area met to organize Central Asian Shepherd Dog fights, But unlike the bloody and ruthless struggles of which we are used to hear news, in this case they were fighting for the tutelage of a herd, and the winner was the dog that eventually, was done with the command of the same. It was 'domination' rather than destroying between own species.

Dogs rarely were injured each other, it caused scratches less in most cases. Only true leaders, In fact, You medías a real fight, but that was not the most common. The primary task of these dogs has always been the defence of the flock to the attacks of various predators and venomous snakes.

The Pastor of Central Asia, It is one of the most powerful group of livestock guardian dogs dogs, After the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, the Kangal, Akbash, for example.

The height at the cross 60 - 65 cm.. And weigh in 37 - 50 kg.

Character and skills

In the news, rural people continue to demand and use the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like cattle watchdog, Although not as well as old.

These dogs, to varying degrees, are protectors against human intruders, they are very territorial, excellent with children, shall ensure them as if were his flock were. The love and respect for the elderly are some of its features, to protect all small animals from predators, they are very kind and attached with the members of the family.

They do not need any complicated training to learn the basic rules of the House but they are very independent and a little stubborn dogs, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog It must be able to work as a team to protect sheep against predators, therefore, If the animal has an overly aggressive character, both other dogs as with people outside the family, they cannot be members of a Pack, and it would not be the simple test for compliance with the object of the race.

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog may come from creation lines that print a very different character: of work, combat, and livestock guardian, and act accordingly, regardless of the country of origin.

According to the different canine clubs classification groups varies, the Russia Kennel Club classifies the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like a working dog, that is reflected in the exceptional results in obedience, protection and training relating to the army.

Modern reproduction of the main Canine Clubs of Russia requirements, require to register copies of Central Asian Shepherd Dog a compulsory temperament test and an accredited training degree, Besides show rating. In these tests the ability of the dog stands for fit and adapt to dog guardians shepherds of other flocks, not be cause for conflict between dogs. The FCI classifies Central Asian Shepherd Dog in the group of dogs Molossoid.

While it is a good dog to live, We must not forget that the Pastor of Central Asia is a livestock protection dog, people and possessions, He was raised to solve single problems, is independent-minded, strong, brave and responsible.

It is a large but agile dog, sometimes described as a cat with dog skin, for that reason, and taking into account his strong instinct for protection and territoriality, It may not be a recommended breed for a novice owner.

Sensitive and Intelligent, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog You will respond better to someone who can inspire loyalty in you as well as strong leadership..

Heavy-handed training will be counterproductive with this breed, but respectful training, reflexive will result in a dedicated and inseparable companion.

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog he spent a considerable amount of time moving around in his homeland, and this kind of slow but steady exercise is what he likes more.

With a work to be done and a piece of property to protect, is the highest point of happiness and will always keep an eye on everything that happens.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Health

the breed is still considered very healthy and extremely robust. Owners should not fear typical diseases of the breed. However, from time to time, like in all big dogs, joint problems occur, especially on the knees.

Central Asian Shepherd Nutrition

Although many joint diseases are inherited, symptoms can often be prevented or at least alleviated with the help of proper diet and posture. Particularly in the growth phase of dogs, care must be taken that animals do not shoot too fast. Growth too fast due to excessive protein intake in the growing months is considered one of the most common causes of subsequent joint disease. In addition to a fairly low protein food, given in small amounts three to four times a day, young dogs must also be physically preserved during this phase. Stairs or long walks should be avoided..

Meat as the main component of food

When the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is fully developed, the protein content of the food can be increased again. The main component of dog food should be – like in all dogs – high quality meat. It can be cooked or raw or, if industrially produced food mixtures are used, can come in dry or wet form. Regardless of the feeding method preferred by the respective owner, it is important that the content and composition of the food is adapted to the needs of the dog. According to age, sex, size, activity level and living environment, the composition of the necessary nutrients can vary considerably. There is no correct food for Central Asian Shepherd Dog.

How much food does the Central Asian Shepherd Dog?

Nor can the question of the amount of food for all dogs of this breed be answered in general. If the composition of the food is correct, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog can cope with surprisingly small portions. Therefore, two meals a day are usually enough for an adult dog, which should be given at fixed times if possible. Portions too large, too many “sandwiches” between meals and lack of rest after feeding can increase the risk of stomach torsion.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog care

Like nomadic dog, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's quite undemanding, this applies not only to the size of your food portions, but also in your care. Short to medium length coat proves to be very resistant and requires little grooming. However, should be brushed regularly to remove dirt and maintain healthy hair structure. The claws should also be trimmed to avoid injury and teeth, ears and eyes should be checked and cleaned regularly.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Education

Buying a Central Asian Shepherd Dog must be well considered – although this applies to all breeds of dogs, it is especially true for this breed from Central Asia. It is not a family dog ​​in the classical sense nor is it suitable for a city life. This freedom-loving and independent dog finds it difficult to cope with living conditions in European industrial nations.

Who is this breed suitable for??

In the hands of livestock keepers and keepers who live in remote and isolated places, this protective dog of the pack is still in the best hands. Also people who live far from the city, own a large lot and wish to have a capable watchdog, can be considered as owners of this Central Asian Shepherd Dog. However, experience and some knowledge in dog training should be prerequisites for keeping this breed. In addition, an owner needs above all time and patience, because the socialization and education of this self-assured four-legged friend, who doesn't think much about blind obedience, It is hard work. How Central Asian dogs tend to dominate, they need a trainer who constantly sets limits for them and shows them with the necessary empathy (not to be confused with willingness to compromise) that it is worth trusting and following your human.

Can a harmonious coexistence succeed?

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog certainly not a family dog ​​in the classical sense, reason why its maintenance like pure house and company dog ​​is absolutely inadvisable. This does not mean that a Owtscharka can't live together with humans. In a family that appreciates its natural instinct for vigilance and protection and gives it its original task of guarding the house, the yard and the cattle, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is quite adaptable and human-oriented. A basic socialization, namely, early contact with other people and animals, is as important to harmonious coexistence as sufficient opportunities for running and consistent parenting.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Pictures

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 335
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI breed standard "Central Asian Shepherd Dog"

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog FCI Central Asian Shepherd Dog FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Alabai, Central Asian Ovtcharka, CAO Aziat (English).
      2. Chien de berger d’Asie centrale (French).
      3. Zentralasiatischer Owtscharka (German).
      4. Türkmen Alabaý, mastim-da-ásia-central (Portuguese).
      5. Perro Pastor de Asia Central (Spanish).

    Ovtcharka
    Rusia FCI 328

    The Ovtcharka is a strong dog, quiet, balanced but extremely reactive.

    The Ovtcharka (Caucasian Shepherd Dog) It is a very popular breed of dog in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, and other countries where shepherds need much protection for their flocks and properties.

    A well bred Ovtcharka dog should be a healthy animal, for strong bones, muscular build and stable temperament.

    The very calm and very aggressive temperaments, they are considered to be serious flaws in a dog of this breed.

    Otros nombres: Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka / Circassian sheep dog / Caucasian Ovcharka / Armenian Khobun / Georgia Nagazi / Sage Ghafghazi / Kars Çoban Köpeği / კავკასიური ნაგაზი / Kavkasiuri nagazi / Caucasian Ovcharka / Caucasian Mountain Dog / Kars Çoban Köpeği / Kavkazty Uasahichala / Circassian Sheep dog / Адыгэ Мэлыхъуахь (Adyghe melekhuah).

    Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.

    Dogs breeds: Ovtcharka

    Samoyed
    Rusia FCI 212 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

    Samoyedo

    The Samoyed, Although it may seem a teddy, It is a true athlete who needs exercise daily.

    Content

    History

    Where does he come from Samoyed originally?

    The Samoyed is the archetype of a dog from the far north. It belongs to the archetypes of the dog in general. The Samoyed it is one of the oldest dog breeds. Type dogs Samoyed have accompanied the peoples of Siberia for thousands of years. The Samoyeds (or nenets) are various indigenous peoples who have lived for thousands of years throughout Siberia to the Arctic Ocean. Most live as nomads and follow the herds of wild or semi-wild reindeer. Their dogs have different tasks. They pull the sleds with the household goods or with the hunters for the hunt. They pull the boats over the snow into open water. They help with the reindeer herds. They guard and protect people as if they were herds.

    They defied death even when facing the polar bear, the world's largest land predator. The Samoyeds provide an excellent navigation system that makes its way through icy deserts even in fog or snow storms, avoiding cracks and ice holes. They often sleep in the tents of the Samoyedos. They keep each other warm. So it is not surprising that peoples Samoyeds have an extremely intimate relationship with their dogs, and not only because their existence in the far north depends on these dogs.

    The Countess Aga von Hagen reports in his book on dog breeds from 1933 that the “Samoyed Spitz” was treated as a sacred dog in his homeland and that no family Samoyed voluntarily separated from his dogs. On the other hand, the Countess explains that the Samoyed Spitz, through this close connection, show a “high development of mental characteristics despite their ferocity”. Was not up 2017 that a report by Russian archaeologists was published, who had found remains of 9000 years old ten dogs in Siberia. In the permafrost these were so well preserved that they could be closely examined and classified as sled dogs.

    Only in 1889 English Ernest Kilburn-Scott managed to import the first Samoyeds from Siberia. So these dogs entered modern pedigree dog breeding. Immediately one turned to their outer appearances. The white color rose as a characteristic of a Samoyed basically arbitrarily to standard. At that time, like today, se and take Samoyed original in many colors, only rarely in pure white. To impose the pure white color, inbreeding was carried out according to this dubious criterion and thus much of the real character and extreme robustness of the Samoyed. In addition, the breeding base was already very small anyway, because Siberian peoples were reluctant to give up their dogs for breeding in England.

    At last, in the Decade of 1950 they also crossed the original line, these being very different in character and, if you look closely, also in appearance. Although the Samoyed current European breeding has lost much of the original character of the true Siberian dog, still an original breed. The most exciting thing about him is that he shows at the same time a close connection with humans. Not without reason, the Samoyed is one of the founders of other breeds of dogs such as the Eurasian. The first standard for Samoyed it was created in 1909, in 1913 was recognized in England. The FCI, Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized her in 1959.

    Physical characteristics

    Males tend to have more size females usually weigh between 20 and 32,5 kg, while females usually weigh between 17 and 25 kg.

    The eyes of the Samoyed they are usually black or brown, and slanting. The nose or truffle must be well developed and preferably black. At some times of the year you can clarify giving rise to the commonly call “nose in winter”. Some other factors such as age or climate can clarify it, but it is important to always keep the edges of black. On the contrary it would mean a veterinary visit.

    The ears they should be thick and completely covered with hair, form triangular, and upright. In most cases they are white, but occasionally they can be Brown clear (known as color “cookie”).

    The tail of the Samoyed it is one of the most distinctive features of this breed. As the Mally, the tail hanging hook-shaped on his back; However, and unlike the Malamute, the tail of Samoyed touches back and leans over, slightly, on one side and must not be a very closed hook or in the form of “flag”.

    In cold climates, some Samoyed sleep with their tails over their noses to provide additional protection. The majority of the Samoyed, They allow the tail to fall when they are relaxed, but they back to its original position when they are alert.

    The Samoyed, they have a dense double coat of hair. The top layer has a dense, straight and thick hair, It seems the white but it has some dyes of silver. This top layer keeps the Undercoat relatively clean and free of debris. The bottom layer is a soft, dense and short hair that keeps the dog warm.

    The bottom layer is changed from one to two times a year, process known as shedding of hair. This in no way means that they move hair only on these occasions, year-round fine hair it is moved and replaced, which - usually- sticking it on your clothes or simply air fleet.

    The Samoyed standard can have a mix of color White and biscuit, Although dogs completely white or completely color cookie are not rare. Males are generally longer than females fur.

    The Samoyed, they are good to aseando themselves, not too many baths still needed. Dirt typically falls easily from the outer layers of hair, making the dog show clean.

    The hair of the puppies is more porous, so it is easier to you manche with the grass and mud if they are long time outdoors. The aspect of brushing is more difficult, that by their thick fur in some areas like the back of the ears tend to tangle is if not brushes weekly.

    The Samoyed will require that, cut the hair that grows between their feet bearing, but with this exception the rest can stay so, course.

    Except for reasons medical or hair is extremely entangled, it is not recommended that the Samoyed be shaved, If your hair acts as both the cold and moderate heat insulation, in addition to protecting fair skin from Samoyed before burns by the rays of the sun.

    An important feature of this breed is hardly to present the characteristic odor to dog, making them good dogs live indoors. The lack of dander, also, makes them hypoallergenic.

    The thick layer of hair can make you feel uncomfortable in the summer in locations where the climate is warm, where prefer the Interior because the air is colder. The coat also acts as a natural repellent against lice and ticks.

    When moving the hair, most of the outer layer falls and is replaced, the old man can fall into large bundles, leaving hollow spaces in extreme cases. You can brush the hair, with a metal comb, with which we can speed up the process of moving and help the Samoyed to regain your appearance more quickly. Brushing frequently help him is not enrede.

    Give a bath to Samoyed it's a long process, because the hair is almost "water proof", so it will take time that is completely wet and then completely wet. The hair Samoyed should be dried with cold forced air (using a hair dryer), because the water can become trapped in the bottom layer of hair thick making it difficult to evaporate.

    It is important that you rinse well, Since shampoo or SOAP remnant can lead to infection by fungi, difficult removal without having to shave the affected area. To keep the hair from Samoyed Radiant, brushing and a healthy diet may not be disparaged.

    How big is a “Samoyed”?

    The samoyed have a height at the withers of about 57 cm in males and 53 centimeters in females. Weight is not prescribed by the standard, but it is usually between 18 and 30 kg.

    How long can a “Samoyed”?

    A Samoyed healthy can reach the 12 years and more, and this with a good physical condition.

    Character and skills

    The provision of play of the Samoyed makes it a dog not recommended as a guardian; a Samoyed aggressive is very rare. However, with their tendency to bark can be dog watches diligently, barking when something or someone approaches their territory.

    The Samoyed, they are one excellent company, especially for small children or even other dogs, remaining also playful until advanced age. The Samoyed, also, they are known to be somewhat fools sometimes difficult to train due to their lack of diligence and not for lack of intelligence, so it must be persuaded obey orders which are given.

    His inheritance by pulling sleds, the Samoyed, has no problems to pull objects, and Samoyed who has not been trained has no problem with dragging his owner on the leash when they take him out for a walk instead of walking beside him.

    Running is a special passion of the samoyed, more precisely: pull sleds. If you are interested in a Samoyed, you should definitely visit the sled dog races in winter. It is deeply impressive and fascinating.

    You can feel the extreme tension of the dogs much earlier in the field of Musher. When you go to the exit, there is hardly a stop. Like in an explosion, this tension of these rather heavy looking dogs dissolves in the acceleration of the sled. The strength of Samoyed it's not your speed, but its unusual resistance.

    Instinctively act as herding dogs, so when playing, especially with children, they tend to try to guide them.

    This breed is characterized by its expression alert and smiling, What has earned him the nickname of “smile of “Samoyed”” or “smiling dog“. They have great vitality, which is why, well care retain her youth and that youthful spirit until his old age. Their average lifespan is of 12 - 18 years, Although some can live a little longer.

    As a working breed, they have an excellent resistance and without daily exercise, they become bored and/or depressed they, that can lead to it barking excessively, destroyed or have a worthy of a master of escape behavior. While they are healthy dogs they have tendency to certain diseases.

    Care, health and diseases

    The Samoyed for show breeding is affected by numerous hereditary diseases due to one-sided breeding in outward appearance and today's very small breeding base. You should avoid parenting, that values ​​the exhibition championships.

    How much care does a “Samoyed”?

    The lush double coat of the Samoyed needs regular care. Especially during the coat change in spring and summer, his house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair even though our Samoyed brush daily.

    What food is best for a “Samoyed”?
    The Samoyed you have no special requirements in your diet. How most dogs like a meaty beef bone and fresh meat. The Samoyed it is very suitable for barbecues.

    Activities with your “Samoyed”

    How much exercise does a Samoyed?

    With a Samoyed you can do winter sports very well, ideally as a sled dog. The Samoyed needs an appropriate workload for each species.

    Considerations before purchase

    Where can you buy a “Samoyed”?

    If you are interested in a Samoyed, the first thing you should do is visit some sled dog races. Here you can experience the heart of these dogs live. Then you should get information from a local breeder who does not breed Samoyed plush for exhibition. The breeder should have examined their dogs for special risks of inherited diseases. This is a natural in serious parenting.. In addition, there should be no inbreeding, that can be estimated by looking at the pedigree, if no name appears there twice. The breeder must have his litter well documented by photo. You should be able to see the litter together with the mother bitch, after the fix, in the place. Please, Do not buy Samoyedos by Internet, because there is a high risk that the puppy comes from a seller or breeder of dogs, normally well camouflaged.

    Education and maintenance of a “Samoyed”

    The Samoyed easy to train and guide, but it is not a dog for beginners. You have high demands on your attitude, derived from its destiny as an original working and sled dog. So you need a lot of occupation and activities, ideally in the sport of sledding.

    If you don't exercise and are even left alone without a deep connection to your family, can become a nervous and upset dog, that can even destroy the apartment or the garden.

    The Samoyed not a dog for a flat or the big city. The ideal would be a house with a garden. To the Samoyed they like to sleep outside and roll their head under their tail even in the biggest snowstorm. The garden, where do these dogs stay, should not be an ornamental garden.

    The luxurious coat of the Samoyed needs regular care. Especially during the change of layer in spring and summer an intensive grooming is indicated. Then the house, the car and clothes will be full of her long hair even if you brush it daily. You don't have to be picky here. In the car, it is best to transport it in a box from a specialized store.

    The Samoyed can be trained very well by an experienced owner. You have to accept the challenge, It even has to motivate you to fight mentally with this original and confident race. They will gladly accept their masters or caregivers, will be loyal to them, but they have to demonstrate leadership qualities combined with a lot of knowledge of the breed. You have to be fully involved in the experience with these typical Nordic dogs, rustic.

    Through a gentle but disciplined upbringing, a Samoyed must be aware of its position in the ranking as early as puppy age. There should be no question who determines the rules of the house.

    Characteristics "Samoyed"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Samoyed" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Samoyed”

    Videos “Samoyed”

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • ANKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • CKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • ​KC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • NZKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • UKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs

    FCI breed standard "Samoyed"

    "Samoyed" FCI [xyz-ips snippet=

    Alternative names:

      1. Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya, Sobaka, Smiley, Sammy (English).
      2. SAMOYEDE (French).
      3. Samojedenhund, Samojedenspitz (German).
      4. Samoieda, Samoiedo (Portuguese).
      5. Samoiedskaya Sobaka, Nenetskaya Laika, Samoiedskaïa Sabaka (Spanish).

    Caucasian Shepherd Dog
    Rusia FCI 328 Molossoid . Mountain

    Pastor del Cáucaso

    The Caucasian Shepherd Dog It is a healthy animal and stable temperament.

    Content

    History “Caucasian Shepherd Dog”

    A Caucasian Shepherd Dog it is a large and very strong sheepdog that is very widespread in Russia. In the official standard it is called Kavkazskaya ovčarka. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog they spread over a huge area, which includes the territory of Russia as well as the former Soviet Union. Only in the polar areas you can hardly see. In his homeland., theCaucasian Shepherd Dog are, therefore, quite different in detail and different types have been developed. In the steppe areas this breed is lighter and taller, in mountainous regions heavier and more compact. But in type and character it is the same everywhere. This is the result of your work task, which was and is the sole criterion for breeding there for many centuries. At the end, the same requirements resulted in the same dogs. Their tasks are to herd and protect the herds, monitor and protect property and its people. They are archaic dogs, they probably came into existence in this form with the introduction of animal husbandry in the first place, and that was a few 10.000 years.

    You can't fool a Caucasian Shepherd Dog. Has a clear understanding of their role. Typically, lies down in a high place next to his flock, to be able to observe everything around him. Her flock, their shepherds, his family and his properties are sacred to him. He is faithful and lovingly devoted to them. He is suspicious of everything else and does not hesitate to attack any sign that he interprets as hostile. It is extremely defensive and fearlessly opposes even wolves and bears. In this way it has protected the herds of cattle and the lonely properties of the shepherds, farmers, hostels, artisans and merchants from time immemorial. This extremely useful function, even necessary for the operation of such a society in the vast and lonely country, does not fit into today's tight and hectic society. There is hardly a piece of land large enough to provide the dog with Caucasian Shepherd Dog a workspace. He is used to other scales of the vastness of Russia.

    In addition, the spirit of the times in today's world demonizes all forms of aggression emanating from a dog. While it only takes one or two generations, larger property owners were proud that their dog was reliable and, in case of emergency, acute, fearlessly chase away a thief, such a feature is potentially life threatening for today's dog. You risk being classified as a “dangerous dog” and in extreme cases euthanasia. This is not an environment for a Caucasian Shepherd Dog. And so you can find it almost everywhere on the supposedly dangerous dog lists.. It is an archetype of dog to which man owes a lot in his development. As a dog breed it has been described for a long time and in the oldest specialized books on dogs. However, in modern pedigree dog breeding, it was only officially recognized by the FCI in August 1984.

    Physical characteristics “Caucasian Shepherd Dog”

    The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a dog of harmonious structure, big and strong with plenty of bone and a powerful muscular system and a somewhat rectangular format. Well pronounced sexual dimorphism.
    Males are masculine with a well-developed cross and a larger head compared to that of females. This is why they are more massive, bigger and sometimes their body is shorter than that of the females.
    In dogs with a longer coat variety, the male has a distinguished mane.

    Size and weight:

    Height to the cross:

    • Males: Desired height 72 – 75 cm.. Minimum 68 cm..
    • Females: Desired height 67 – 70 cm.. Minimum 64 cm..

    Higher heights are accepted as long as the conformation is harmonic.

    Weight:

    • Males: Minimum 50 Kg
    • Females: Minimum 45 Kg.

    Character and skills “Caucasian Shepherd Dog”

    The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a guardian and protector. The official standard classifies his character qualities unequivocally: “It must be strong, balanced and calm with a well-developed defensive reaction, which is actively expressed. Sharpness and mistrust towards strangers are typical”. A Caucasian Shepherd Dog is generally incompatible with other dogs! These traits, especially with a big and very strong dog that claims a large territory, are hardly compatible with the social conditions of today's world. It is a great experience to be able to bond closely with such a dog. This also allows you to experience a completely different side of the dog than Caucasian Shepherd Dog, that of an extremely loving friend, loyal and affectionate. However, if one does not have the space and financial means to offer them in our latitudes an environment appropriate to their nature, this will hardly be possible.

    Attitude

    The Caucasian Shepherd Dog he is extremely undemanding in his attitude, if the general conditions already mentioned are ignored. A Caucasian Shepherd Dog does not need heating, toys or a harness on a leash. This breed is undemanding in its nutrition. That also applies to your accommodation.. You can spend the whole year outside without problems, yes he wants to spend the whole year outside – as long as there is a suitable place to hide and “suitable” here decidedly means neither kennel nor even chain. Must be able to move in your territory. A Caucasian Shepherd Dog you accept, it even sensitively protects all the two- and four-legged friends it sees as belonging to its pack or family. But you need a clear boss. At first he is suspicious or even hostile towards everyone else.

    Close relationship and competent guidance is required to walk on this dog's leash., which is definitely always stronger, and then be able to seamlessly move on to an aggressively barking terrier. it's possible, but it requires serious upbringing, a good socialization and an experienced teacher or lover, competent and very sensitive and at the same time thorough. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is widely on the dangerous dog lists. Travel to the Netherlands or Denmark is prohibited, since there is a risk that the dog will be confiscated on the streets and euthanized. A Caucasian Shepherd Dog not much of a beginner dog. That would be even irresponsible. Even from the hand of an experienced connoisseur, it requires in any case the basic external conditions for an attitude appropriate to its nature.

    Education “Caucasian Shepherd Dog”

    Raising a Caucasian Shepherd Dog in today's social conditions it is a very special challenge, only proven experts can master with the right framework conditions.

    Care and health “Caucasian Shepherd Dog”

    The Caucasian Shepherd Dog it has a double layer composed of a bottom layer and a top layer. The inner layer is soft and fine, while the outer coat hairs are long and thick. (The coat of a Caucasian Shepherd Dog It should never feel smooth or appear wavy.) Regarding the length, the coat can be long, medium or short. Dogs with long fur have a mane that surrounds their necks, as well as extensive plumage on the hind legs and tail, that looks thick and fluffy. Dogs with medium length fur do not have as much mane, and they have fewer feathers on the rest of the body. A short coat, the least common type, has no mane or fringe. Twice a year, when you change your coat, you have to brush it well.

    Dogs of this breed enjoy very robust health.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Caucasian Shepherd Dog does not demand anything from your diet. Probably one of the dogs with less demands in this regard.

    Life expectancy “Caucasian Shepherd Dog”

    In relation to its size, a Caucasian Shepherd Dog has a very high life expectancy of 12 and sometimes more years.

    Buy a “Caucasian Shepherd Dog”

    Buying a Caucasian Shepherd Dog it should only be considered by experts who know exactly what they do, they have the right experience and have the right breeding conditions. The puppies of this breed of dog cost around 1.000 EUR.

    Characteristics "Caucasian Shepherd Dog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Caucasian Shepherd Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Caucasian Shepherd Dog”

    Videos “Caucasian Shepherd Dog”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 328
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS (Foundation Stock Service)
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI breed standard "Caucasian Shepherd Dog"

    CAUCASIAN SHEPHERD DOG FCI CAUCASIAN SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Nagazi, Caucasian Mountain Dog, Caucasian Ovcharka (English).
      2. kavkazskaïa ovtcharka (French).
      3. Kaukasischer Owtscharka, Kawkasskaja Owtscharka (German).
      4. mastim-do-cáucaso, Pastor-caucasiano, Ovcharka caucasiano, Mastim do cáucaso, Cão montanhês caucasiano, Cão-urso-russo (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor caucásico, Mastín del Cáucaso, Perro de montaña del Cáucaso, Perro Pastor caucásico (Spanish).

    Yakutian Laika
    Rusia FCI 365 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

    Laika de Yakutia

    The Yakutian Laika they are very intelligent dogs, with a prodigious sense of smell and an exaggerated sense of direction

    Content

    History

    The story of him “Yakutian Laika” is very extensive. For centuries, sleds pulled by dogs was something very important for the majority of peoples of the North of Russia, due to their way of life and the climate to which they were subjected. In the Neolithic, in the line of the coast of Northeast Asia, These dogs were used for transportation and hunting.

    At the beginning of the year 90, There was a finding on Zhokhov Island (Novosibirsk Islands, Yakutia), they found an archaeological site of hunters and dogs. It was investigated by an archaeologist from St. Petersburg, Vladimir Pitulko, There he found remains of archaeological sleds, harnesses and they still kept the bones of dogs. Using the method of radiocarbon dating demonstrated that these remains had a length of 7.800 - 8.000 years. This, It is the oldest discovery that has taken place in the Arctic.

    Ethnographers MG Levin (1946), Smolyak AV (1978) and other authors, they share that since ancient times (up until the present day), for the Aboriginal peoples of the North, the sled dogs were always universal animals: they were shooting animals, they were used also as food, and their skins were used for the manufacture of clothing and the rituals of worship. Times, the dogs were sacrificed and were used for religious ceremonies.

    Many Arctic geographical discoveries were made possible, with the sled dogs. The two poles of the Earth were discovered with the help of these dogs, in 1907, F. Cook and 1909 R. Piry reached the North Pole. In 1911, Amundsen was a Norwegian flag at the South Pole, in hostile climatic conditions, made 2.980 miles in 99 days with sled dogs.

    Yakutian Laika
    Yakutian Laika

    Until 1960 sleds pulled by dogs teams were important and, Sometimes the only available form of transport of winter in the regions of North Russia. They were used not only by the local population, but also by government agencies, including troops from the border, the postal service and scientific expeditions. According to data from file, at the end of the 50 years of 20th century, in Northern Uluses of Yakutia, the total number of dogs was of 33 000. The decrease in sledges pulled by dogs in Russia was initiated during the last thirty years of the 20th century, When appeared on the market the snowmobiles, This led to a decline of fur and the local fishing industry, that little by little led to the extinction of the use of sledge dogs

    “Give me the winter and a team of dogs, and take all” they are words of the famous traveller from North Knut Rasmussen, who made the trip longer on sledges pulled by dogs. This phrase describes the importance that have had these dogs to the length and breadth of history, and that in turn, It shows that without them much of what we know today belonged to our ignorance.

    The first written record of the dogs in the Yakutian territory dates of 1633. In the documents of the time, Olenek River, the Yana and Kolyma River is referred to as “Rivers of dogs”. In Siberia, the rivers are divided in “rivers of dog” and “Deer River”. In the fish-rich rivers, It was easy to capture and store enough fish (dry fish – yukola) to feed the dogs and so called dog River. When there are fish no, It was difficult to use dogs for transport and the reindeer were used, What are the rivers of reindeer. The journey along the "rivers of dogs" was more difficult, due to the continued need for fishing and hunting to obtain enough food for dogs.

    In 1843, published the “Manual of geography of the Russian Empire” from Ivan Yakovlevich Pavlovsky, in this book, described the Yakutian Laika as a special race, as “a domesticated animal used to pull sleds and hunting”.

    Physical characteristics

    Yakutian Laika
    Yakutian Laika

    The Yakutian Laika, is an excellent hunting companion, they are not usually very large, its height is of 50 - 60 cm., and the reason of its size due to food, given the hostile climate, Sometimes food was really poor, However in other areas in which the race has developed, its size increases significantly. The expression of the side leaves us a cunning air mixed with melancholy.
    Vladimir Ilyich Mikhelson was the first to describe the breed Yakutian Laika and differentiated her from other dogs in Northeast Asia.

    The Yakutian Laika is a robust, built proportionally, a little tall and slim, the dog of medium size and with highly developed layers of hair, which is enough to survive under harsh conditions of the Arctic. The Yakutian Laika is an active dog, the agile, curious, with a friendly and obedient nature, very sociable and nothing aggressive.

    Its main purpose is to pull the sled and hunting. It is robust, with well developed muscles and bones.
    The Yakutian Laika is bold, Extrovert, Active, friendly and sociable, an excellent companion but needs freedom, space and is very happy the cold climates.

    Character and skills

    Dogs Yakutian Laika, they live outdoors all year round, in the summer cavan pits in the Earth to keep fresh, or looking for the water trying to get rid of mosquitoes. In winter, They also tend to dig, they seek shelter, hiding under the snow.

    Good nutrition and training of Yakutian Laika for transport has always been a main activity of the fishing population.

    They are very smart dogs, with a prodigious sense of smell and an exaggerated sense of direction, It replaces a compass, prodigious hearing and sight.

    All those added to his highly developed survival instinct, they are that they are able to travel in a snow storm, mist, on dark nights and foggy, and find the nearest shelter, If they have been once, enough to register it in your memory. And we think that we are talking about a desert snow, no points of referencia…

    Exercises with “Yakutian Laika”

    The Yakutian Laika it is a sled dog with a well defined prey. The breed thrives on regular exercise and sufficient training. With a medium-high energy level, they love to run alongside a bicycle, do sled or tackle races, or play pickup in the yard. They play well with other dogs they are familiar with., but they distrust dogs and strange people. Usually, heat up quickly, but supervision is a good idea in new situations. The Yakutian Laika they are not suitable for people who cannot spend time with their dogs.

    Training “Yakutian Laika”

    Train him Yakutian Laika It is quite a pleasant and easy task thanks to his docile nature and sharp intelligence. This dog has a strong penchant for independent thinking, so you will not follow the trainer's orders unless you fully trust him. Pulling a sled is an innate talent of this breed, and does not need much training in this regard.

    The Yakutian Laika seek leadership and human guidance, but does not respond well to corrective training techniques. Work more enthusiastically if the learning process is based on positive reinforcement and tasty treats. Like any other dog, the Yakutian Laika must learn certain rules and norms of decent behavior in human society, so elemental obedience training is imperative.

    Grooming

    The Yakutian Laika experiences a seasonal shedding that can get out of control if not brushed regularly. Generally, should be brushed weekly to avoid tangles and matting. When a lot comes off, it is a good idea to brush it every day to prevent the hair from sticking to everything. Use a bristle brush and metal comb when brushing. A tousler or detangler can make your job a little easier too. Since the Yakutian Laika he's a working dog, no need to over-trim their fur. Trim between your foot pads to prevent snow, ice and other debris build up and cause irritation. Their fur naturally repels dirt and is odorless, so the bath should only be done two or three times a year. Trim your nails when necessary, usually every two to three weeks. Clean your ears every week as part of your grooming routine.

    Videos “"Yakutian Laika"“

    THE YAKUTIAN LAIKA DOG – EARTH’S COLDEST SUPERMODEL

    YAKUTIAN LAIKA DOG – RUSSIA’S SUPER SLED DOGS
  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 365
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs

    FCI breed standard "Yakutian Laika"

    FCIFCI – "Yakutian Laika"
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