Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)
Alemania FCI 97 . European Spitz

Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

The small Spitz is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented.

Content

History

The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) (Kleinspitz) is a variety of German Spitz, which today is available in five different sizes and in numerous colors. The exact origin of dogs spitz it is difficult to determine. In many regions there are indications of an early appearance of the breed. For example, in the terracotta pieces Mycenaean or in the Greek vases you can already find illustrations of similar dogs. From the Middle Ages, the Spitz guard and court dogs were popular, especially among the rural population. The obedient dogs took their duties as court protectors so seriously that they pinched the “intruders” on her calves. For this reason, Spitz was formerly considered a loved one.

At the beginning of directed breeding, all representatives of the breed with a height at the withers less than 29 centimeters were summarized under the term Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz). As it was mainly in the area of Mannheim, he was also known as “Mannheimer Spitz“. Only later did the Dwarf Spitz (Pomeranian) with a height at the withers of up to 22 centimeters developed as a separate variety. Internationally the breed belongs to the group 5 from FCI “Spitz and dogs of the original type” in the section 4 “European Spitz“.

Physical characteristics

With a height at the cross of 23 a 29 centimeters, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) is the second smallest of the five varieties of German Spitz. Just the Pomeranian (Zwergspitz) is smaller. His pointed ears and mischievous eyes resemble those of a fox and give him a playful and mischievous look. It has a dense and protruding coat, consisting of two layers. The top layer is soft and long, while the undercoat is soft and dense. Around the neck the fur forms a mane like that of a lion and the bushy tail is carried over the back. Most of the coat color is black, brown, white, orange and cloudy gray. But some tips are cream too, cream-saber, orange-saber, black and tan.

Character and skills

The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented. Like all German Spitz, does not like to be alone and is glad of the full attention of their owners. They are quite reserved and distrustful of strangers. Puppies defend their territory with force and tend to bark when they are not trained. However, due to its charming nature and lack of hunting instinct, the little ones spitz they are also easy to train for beginners. With proper training you can take the dog off leash without any problem. Although he can sometimes be a bit rebellious and cheeky, the four-legged friend gets along with other dogs.

Kleinspitz Education

Despite its small size, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a dog to be taken seriously and needs constant training. Therefore, show the puppy the basic rules from day one and do not allow him to do anything that he is not allowed to do as an adult dog. Don't let her charm and cuteness bewitch you. In the young years, dogs learn better and want to please their owner. When training the puppy, you should not rush anything and allow time for new orders. Success is best achieved with consistency and praise. Early socialization is very important, especially for the cheeky ones Spitz. In this way he learns to deal with other dogs and remains more relaxed in everyday life.. It is recommended to attend a puppy school or a trainer.

Activities with the little Spitz

The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a lively and attentive dog that loves to be by your side at all times. Daily walks are the order of the day with him in any weather. Dog sports such as agility are also suitable for sports workload. For the mental load you can provide with the intelligence toy. Smart tops are also known for their love of learning tricks and tricks. The loving Spitz is with a good education a pleasant companion dog. You can easily take it with you on vacation or on small trips.

Health and care Kleinspitz

Despite its long fur, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) it is not a breed that requires much care. Protruding hairs give it a natural firmness, that hardly tangles. Therefore, just comb the coat from time to time and remove any dirt. Your dog will be pleased with the extra care. However, during the coat change, the small spitz also need your help to get rid of superfluous hair. The Spitz it is also one of the least susceptible breeds in terms of health. Some members of the breed are susceptible to tartar, but it can be prevented by using chewing bone or a dog toothbrush.

Buy a Kleinspitz

Due to its size, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) it is also suitable for smaller homes and will be happy both in a city apartment and in a house. The most important thing is to give him enough exercise and not treat him like a lap dog. The cheerful and affectionate dog is well suited to singles or pensioners, but also fits in a family without problems. The puppy needs one or more caregivers who take care of it daily. So you should think carefully about buying a puppy from Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) and not rush anything.

If you are sure that the breed suits you, you have to find a serious breeder. For a purebred puppy with papers and vaccines, many breeders charge up to 1.500 EUR. A laudable alternative is, therefore, a shelter dog. As the German Spitz they only differ in size, you will also be happy with a Pomeranian or a Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz).

Kleinspitz Videos

Puppies Spitz Aleman. Kleinspitz

Our kennel of Kleinspitz

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)
Alemania FCI 97 - European Spitz

Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)

The Mittelspitz is by nature a bit like the old guard dog.

Content

History

The Spitz, officially called “German Spitz“, It is a classic breed of dog in Germany and Central Europe. The Spitz used to be found everywhere. They belonged to all properties, guarded warehouses and transport carts. Its standard variant is also called “Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)“. This breed of dog has an ancient tradition, which is closely related to our history at least since the Middle Ages. Although this variant is the type of its breed bred from primitive times, the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) did not receive an official place in the standard of the German Spitz until 1969.

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz), on the other hand, only has 100 puppies per year in the VDH (German Canine Federation), the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) has even less. For this reason, from 2003, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) and the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) have been declared a pet breed in danger of extinction by the “Society for the Conservation of Ancient and Endangered Breeds of Pets”. The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) is classified as extremely endangered, the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) as highly endangered.

Physical characteristics

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) is raised in the colors black, brown, white, orange, gray cloud and other colors. Other colors include shades like cream, cream- March, orange- March, black-brown and pinto. Like all Spitz has a double layer: a long top coat, straight and protruding and a short undercoat, thick and padded.

With a shoulder height of between 30 and 38 centimeters, the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) is the representative of the breed with the classic tip size.

Character and skills

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) is by nature a bit like the old guard dog. She is an incorruptible guard, fell, resistant and persevering. He is very smart, curious and energetic. The standard describes its nature:

This German Spitz is always alert, lively and extraordinarily affectionate with his owner. It is very docile and easy to train. His distrust of strangers and his lack of hunting instinct make him the ideal guardian for the house and yard.. It is neither fearful nor aggressive. Insensitivity to the weather, robustness and longevity are its most outstanding characteristics.

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) it is suitable for dog sports, as the agility. Has a fairly low stimulus threshold and can become a barker in certain circumstances, especially when bored. At the same time you want to please your caregiver and bond with him closely. If the emotional relationship is correct, the Spitz He will do his best not to do anything that his owner does not like., and for example, at least largely, dispense with his barking. However, intelligent breed of dog hates boredom. Combined with your intelligence, wit and docility, it's just fun to practice tricks or agility with him. He will then do everything to please humans. Is very playful, friendly and closely related to people, especially with the children.

How long can a Mittelspitz live?

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) It is robust and durable and can reach a very high age of 15 years and more.

Mittelspitz care

Caring for the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) it is extremely easy and undemanding. To keep the long coat healthy it is enough to brush it from time to time. Only when the coat is changed should it be additionally cleaned.

Regarding their salus, the medium spitz is also a robust breed without any breeding related diseases.

Nutrition of the Mittelspitz

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) has no special dietary requirements. For centuries, has become used to using human food scraps. However, this does not mean that we should not give him high quality food today, either dry or wet, and regularly fresh meat.

Education Mittelspitz

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) easily adapts to the lifestyle of its people. You can live in the country or in the big city. You also feel comfortable in a small apartment in the city. You don't need a strong hand on the other end of the strap, because he follows willingly and does not show any dominance or even aggressiveness towards other dogs. Remain sovereign and neutral, if he is ever bothered. Your attitude is not problematic in all respects due to external circumstances. However, here he hardly demands anything in terms of the relationship and common activities with his caregiver. She is not a couch dog and always wants to experience something new. Want the mental challenge, that can be offered for example with sports for dogs.

Is willing and able to learn and adapt to the habits of their caregivers. Well mannered, it is a very practical companion when visiting a restaurant, when traveling and when on vacation. It is a good and reliable companion for children. He is playful and above all good-natured. He is insensitive to the weather and wants to go on his daily walk in any weather. Either a single person or a family with or without children, young or old: the Spitz is an ideal companion.

The Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) must be trained like a great dog in all seriousness from puppyhood. One is always tempted to underestimate these little dogs., especially like dogs. The Spitz needs clear announcements and rules, In summary: guidance from the teacher. He gladly accepts this. The Spitz immediately notices carelessness and inconsistency. With a little responsibility in their upbringing, that every owner should assume from the beginning, the Spitz will easily become a well-trained adult companion dog. After training, a Spitz can be trained very well in various dog sports. It is also very suitable for beginners.

Buy Mittelspitz

If you want to buy a puppy Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz), you should visit a breeder affiliated with the VDH (German Canine Federation). You can also find your Spitz or one of the mixes in the shelters.

Mittelspitz Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)
Alemania FCI 97 . European Spitz

Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)

Although I do not necessarily suspect it at first glance, the large Spitz is also extremely robust and weather resistant.

Content

History

While the small and medium varieties of the German Spitz (Pomeranian, Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) and Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz), Keeshond) were more common among common people in the Middle Ages, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) , with its impressive and elegant shape, found its way into the homes of the noble and middle classes. The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) white enjoyed great popularity even among representatives of the English nobility. The “German Spitz” He was also able to make a name for himself in America and was kept mainly by German immigrants. In the course of the negative image of Germany after the 1st World War, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) was renamed as “American Eskimo

The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) black, on the other hand, used to be more common in vineyards in Baden Württemberg. His excellent wakefulness instinct was a great help to the winegrowers in keeping off the grape thieves, both animals and humans, away from the valuable vines.

According to Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen e. V. (Society for the Conservation of Ancient and Endangered Breeds of Domestic Animals), to the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) is considered today in danger of extinction. Over the years 2000 a 2002, for example, there was only 11 Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) blacks in Germany and 38 white dogs. To preserve this breed of enterprising and cheerful dogs, there are initiatives to mate the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) white and black with each other and to cross them with Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) and the Keeshond.

Physical characteristics

The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) is characterized by its special double layer. The long straight top layer looks very bushy due to the thick, padded undercoat and stays away from the body. Particularly striking is the strong horsehair fur collar and the bushy tail that curls over the back. The fox head with the agile eyes and the pointed ears, small and narrow give this Spitz its characteristic appearance.

With a shoulder height of up to 50 cm and a weight of 15-20 kg, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) is the second largest representative of the German Spitz after the Keeshond. It is raised in black colors, White and Brown.

Males and females category “Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) ” they are very similar in weight and size. However, the males representing the breed mostly appear heavier and larger. This is due to the fact that their coat is slightly longer and therefore appears more voluminous than that of female dogs..

Character and skills

The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) needs a lot of movement and exercise. Therefore, long walks and running games and slides should always be on the agenda. In addition, dog sports such as agility, obedience or tracking can bring additional variety to the dog's life and make optimal use of the breed.

Breed-specific character traits

The Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) He is very affectionate by nature and would like to accompany his family everywhere. Staying home alone does not suit them at all and can make dogs experience their grief intensely. As a rule, the more attention and affection a Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) , more comfortable feels. That's why they like to be with the family, since they also get along very well with children. But, of course, every four legged friend, no matter how sociable I am, he also needs his rest. It is important that all members of the family respect these phases, which are usually quite rare with the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) . Thanks to his kind and loving character, many representatives of this breed of dog are also suitable as therapy dogs.

Although I do not necessarily suspect it at first glance, the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) it is also extremely robust and weather resistant. Due to its distinctive protective instinct, they are also considered ideal guardians for the house and yard. However, without proper training, can become a very barking dog. Through an appropriate workload for each species, good socialization and a consistent but loving upbringing, desirable behavior can be encouraged, namely, “don't bark”.

Grossespitz training

Get enough attention and feel well integrated into family life. As they have almost no hunting instinct, they are usually relatively easy to train and can be recommended for beginners. However, it is important to inform yourself widely about the breed and its requirements beforehand.

Like all the other spitz, to the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) likes to be in contact with children and loves to play with and protect them. Therefore, fits well in a lively little family, in which there is always something to do and much to discover.

So that the Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) can exercise your favorite activity as a watchdog, the ideal would be to keep it in a house with a patio and garden. If the four-legged friend moves regularly and has mental problems, you can also consider keeping it in a city apartment, as long as there are enough opportunities for exercise nearby.

Grossespitz videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

German Spitz
Alemania FCI 97 - European Spitz

German Spitz

Your hair requires certain care, especially for exhibitions.

Content

History

The Spitz it is one of the oldest German domestic dog breeds, although its origins are not completely clear. There is evidence that dogs Spitz lived together with humans ago 4.000 years. Due to its wide diffusion as a guard dog on farms and in the homes of the petty bourgeoisie it also found its way into literature and painting..

Especially in rural areas, a German Spitz was ubiquitous in the old days as a house and garden dog. Smaller Spitz were popular as lap dogs with ladies.

The popularity of the Spitz decreased so much in the recent past that it was declared an endangered breed of pet in 2003.

Physical characteristics

All the German Spitz, regardless of size or color, form a family and should have similar characteristics and a typical lace look.

The Spitz impresses with his beautiful coat. The abundant undercoat and long top coat, straight and outstanding give them their unmistakable appearance. Particularly striking is the strongly mane-like collar around the neck and the bushy, furry tail., that is carried boldly on the back. The fox-like head with quick eyes and small, narrow pointed ears give the Spitz its characteristic disturbing expression. The body of the Spitz is square.

Measurements:

a) Wolfspitz / Keeshond : 49 cm ± 6 cm..
b) Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) : 46 cm ± 4 cm..
c) Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) : 34 cm ± 4 cm..
d) Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) : 26 cm ± 3 cm..
and) Zwergspitz (Toy or Dwarf Spitz) / Pomeranian : 20 cm ± 2 cm..
(are undesirable specimens measuring less than 18 cm.).

Weight

Any variation in the size of the German Spitz should have a corresponding variation in weight.

Character and skills

A German Spitz has a reputation for being a talkative. In fact, the dogs bark a lot; for a guard dog, making a sound is a desirable feature, that today cannot be reconciled with all the neighbors.

A natural distrust, along with incorruptibility and loyalty, is inherent to German Spitz. This makes it predestined to be a watchdog that patrols its territory and reports suspicious incidents.. A German Spitz reliably stands up for the things entrusted to it. When not on guard, a is a very friendly and affectionate dog, sometimes a little possessive, who follows his humans closely and enjoys being petted. A German Spitz is generally regarded as a child.

The education and attitude of the German Spitz

With cheerful romp and docility, a German Spitzn is a dog that absolutely needs a task. Find your place as a working watchdog, but also as a companion and family dog. With a lot of positive encouragement and loving consistency, breeding is not problematic and can also be managed if you have little experience with dogs.

For a German Spitz be respectful of animals, must be weather resistant: The Spitz it just feels really comfortable outdoors, either with sun, rain or snow. It is an ideal companion for runners, riders and cyclists. He is also an agility sports enthusiast. As the Spitz only has a weakly developed hunting instinct, does not tend to go its own way when outdoors and is easy to recover. It is less suitable for intensive accommodation, especially because he likes to bark a lot. Similar to the Poodle, the spitz is available in different sizes, from the Zwergspitz (Toy or Dwarf Spitz) / Pomeranian to Wolfspitz / Keeshond. The best known variant is the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) with a shoulder height of 34-38 cm and weighing up to 10 kg. Apart from its format, the types do not differ visually.

Caring for the German Spitz

Surprisingly, the fluffy coat of the Spitz does not require much grooming. The hair is dirt repellent, so an occasional brushing is enough. In addition, a German Spitz it is very clean and cleans itself. Also in terms of health, the Spitz they are quite robust dogs.

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 4 European Spitz.

FCI standard German Spitz

German Spitz FCI German Spitz FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Deutscher Spitz (English).
    2. Spitz allemand (French).
    3. Deutsche Spitze (German).
    4. Deutsche Spitze (Portuguese).
    5. Spitz alemán (Spanish).

Photos

1- Szpic_miniatura at the national show in Rybnik – Stone to Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

German Spitz varieties

a) Wolfspitz / Keeshond.
b) Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) .
c) Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz).
d) Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz).
and) Zwergspitz (Toy or Dwarf Spitz) / Pomeranian.

European Spitz

1 Keeshond

Keeshond

Even today the Keeshond is known for its faithfulness and loyalty.

Are Wolfsspitz and Keeshond identical?

This question repeatedly leads to

Read more

2 Pomeranian

Pomeranian

The Pomeranian very active, independent, Intelligent, brave and loyal.

The Pomeranian (Deutscher Spitz;, Pom-Dog or Deutscher Zwergspitz) is a dog

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3 Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)

Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)

Although I do not necessarily suspect it at first glance, the large Spitz is also extremely robust and weather resistant.

While the varieties

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4 Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)

Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)

The Mittelspitz is by nature a bit like the old guard dog.

The Spitz, officially called “German Spitz“,

Read more

5 Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

The small Spitz is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented.

The little Spitz (Kleinspitz) is a variety of

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Pomeranian
Alemania FCI 97 . European Spitz

Pomerania

The Pomeranian very active, independent, Intelligent, brave and loyal.

Content

History

The Pomeranian (Deutscher Spitz;, Pom-Dog or Deutscher Zwergspitz) It is a dog of the Spitz family, named for the region of Pomerania Central, Eastern Germany, and is classified as a dog “Toy” because of its small size.

The ancestors of the Pomerania were Iceland and Lapland sled dogs, He came to Europe because of Pomerania.

The region of Pomerania, washed to the North by the Baltic Sea and bounded westward by the island of Rügen and on the East by the Vistula River, It was occupied by many peoples, Celtic, Slavs, Poles, Swedes, Danish and Prussian. Its name comes from Pomore or Pommern, what it means “by the sea”, and it was given in times of Charlemagne. Is in Pomerania where the Spitz won fame as a pet and dog work.

Read morePomeranian

Volpino Italiano
Francia FCI 195 - European Spitz

Volpino Italiano

Despite the temperament of the Volpino, and its small size, It is a very committed and energetic dog. Cheerful and playful and very attached to their masters.

Content

History

The Volpino Italiano (that means little Fox, in Italian) It is a dog of very ancient origins, as the strain that belongs to the Spitz. It was a very widespread breed of dog in the Renaissance in which appears in some of the representations of the period. Unfortunately, the race, in 1965 was in danger of extinction (The Italian Club Cinológico, only five copies that year), and for a short time, recovering numerical and qualitative.

The Volpino, It has been recognized and loved by Italian royalty for centuries, being a favorite especially of women.

Even bearing a strong resemblance with the Pomeranian, the breed is much older and thus has a different historical background. Northern dogs found their way South very early in the history of domestic dogs.

The Italian word for wolf is lupo, and the Keeshond it is called so much Lupino and Volpino in Italian. Volpe, means Fox in Italian, from there "Volpino" what, to say, little Fox in Italian. Despite its long history, the Volpino is unknown outside of Italy and is now rare, even in his homeland..

Despite its small size, This dog was originally as a watchdog. Its function was to alert the Mastiffs (Big Dogs) the presence of an intruder. However, due to his lovely temper and great intelligence, also, they became very popular as pets, dog company.

For unknown reasons the popularity of the breed fell in 1965. In 1984 an attempt was made to revive the race. Y, currently, can see the race Volpino living as guard dogs on breeding farms, or as a companion dog, but still the Volpino they are considered a rare breed, position that there are only about 2000 copies to the length and breadth of the world.
The majority of the Volpino, It is found in Italy but some people are raising them in Scandinavian countries, in the United Kingdom and the United States.UU.

Physical characteristics

The Volpino Italiano he is a small but compact dog with a harmonious physique. Can grow up to 30 cm tall and weigh 5 kg. His long, silky coat is soft and lined with a dense undercoat. It can be white, red, brown or black. There are also champagne colored animals, but they are not very popular in breeding.

Character and skills

The Volpino Italiano has a very individual character, which means that even as a puppy you need a lot of patience and enough consistency in your upbringing. Due to its high intelligence it is very teachable and therefore very good for training. Has a very lively temperament, is curious and therefore available for all kinds of fun. Therefore, it is particularly suitable for any type of dog sport and needs sufficient mental and physical activity.

In the family it is a very affectionate dog, loving and vigilant. Has a natural distrust of strangers.
It is an ideal dog for the family and its character also makes it very suitable to live with children.

With it you can spend a lot of time in nature. Despite its size, the Volpino Italiano it is a very robust dog that is not deterred by the rain, snow and cold to do your daily need for exercise.

Volpino care

The puppy's coat requires a lot of care: should not only be brushed regularly, but also bathed from time to time.

Life expectancy of the Volpino Italiano

The Volpino Italiano, which originally descends from German Spitz, he is a very robust dog, which can have a high life expectancy of up to 15 years.

Typical Volpino Italiano Diseases

Also in terms of health, the Volpino he is a very robust dog, who does not have any common inherited diseases.
In rare cases the breed is affected by an eye disease, which can happen especially in old age. May lead to lens shift of the eye, what can lead to glaucoma.

Images of the Volpino Italiano

Photos:

1 – Volpino Międzynarodowa Wystawa Psów Rasowych w Katowicach 28 – 30. 03.2008 by Lilly Mreal name: Małgorzata Miłaszewska / CC BY-SA
2 – Volpino Italiano by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/833618
3 – Volpino Italiano by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1428909
4 – Volpino Italiano by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/863623
5 – Volpino Italiano by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1273902
6 – Volpino Italiano owned by Kennel Hedehuset – Denmark by © Mete Appel / Kennel Hedehuset

Volpino Italiano Videos

Volpino Italiano – Breed of dog

Volpino Italiano Dog Breed – Facts and Information

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 195
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 4 European Spitz.

FCI standard of the Italian Volpino breed

Volpino Italiano FCI Volpino Italiano FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Volpino, Cane del Quirinale, Cane di Firenze (English).
    2. Volino (French).
    3. Italienischer volpino (German).
    4. Volpino italiano (Portuguese).
    5. Zorrito italiano, volpino (Spanish).

Keeshond
Holanda FCI 97 . European Spitz

Keeshond or Wolfsspitz

Even today the Keeshond is known for its faithfulness and loyalty.

Content

History

Are Wolfsspitz and Keeshond identical?

This question repeatedly leads to confusion among experts and laymen alike.. Although most cynologists today use the Dutch name Keeshond and the german name Wolfsspitz as a synonym for the same breed of dog, a closer look reveals some differences between Wolfsspitz and Keeshond. For example, the Wolfsspitz is usually slightly larger than the Keeshond, while the latter has a slightly longer and even bulkier coat. But how is it possible that such differences exist?

A look at history helps

To understand the development of Wolfsspitz or Keeshond, the origin of the dog breed is worth taking a look at. Because it is true that both variants have a common origin and this goes back a long time. The Spitz, probably descended from the Stone Age peat dog, It is considered one of the oldest dog breeds in Germany and, thanks to his outstanding achievements as a house dog, yard and guard, has become an indispensable everyday companion for many generations.

Dutch People's Party mascot

The dutch Cornelis “Kees” of Geyzelar, the leader of the Dutch People's Party, he also had an extremely loyal companion in his Wolfspitz. In 1781 the dog of Kees became a symbol of the patriotic revolution. Since then dogs of this type were called “Keeshond” in Holland. Today this name is used in the Netherlands as a generic term for the five variants of the German Spitz. For a more exact differentiation, name extensions are used here, as “Dwergkeeshond” (= spitz enano), “Grote Keeshond” (= large spitz) or “Wolfsgrijze Keeshond” (= spitz lobo).

From Germany and the Netherlands to the whole world

From Germany and the Netherlands, the breed eventually made its way to other European countries and the US., where, depending on the origin of the dogs, the name of Keeshond or Wolfsspitz. Over time, two different breeding lines were developed, each of which preferred different characteristics. In direct comparison with the Keeshond dutch and the Wolfsspitz German, subtle differences are observed, like a smaller stick size and a longer fur on the Keeshond against longer runs and a slightly shorter coat on the Wolfsspitz. However, an exact differentiation of both phenotypes was never successful due to the abundance of similarities.

Depending on the country, the terms Keeshond or Wolfsspitz are therefore used very differently. While “Keeshound” is used in the Netherlands as a generic term for “Spitz“, the name in Great Britain and in the US. refers exclusively to the variant of the Wolfsspitz. In scandinavia, both names are common and represent different variants. German cynologists and breeders often use the name “Wolfsspitz” to describe both types. To differentiate it from “Keeshound“, that was developed more abroad, the German Wolfsspitz is sometimes also called the “old german type”.

Physical characteristics

The docile and friendly nature of the Keeshond contrasts with its original appearance, almost wild. The dense coat, average length, has abundant undercoat and is silver gray with black hair tips. The cloudy gray fur, reminiscent of the drawing of a wild wolf, is typical of this breed of dog, which also carries the “Wolf” in her name.

With a height at the cross of 43 a 55 cm el Keeshond is one of the largest representatives of the German Spitz. Compared to other dog breeds, is of medium height.

As is typical of a Spitz, the Keeshond also has a pointed snout, like that of a fox. The muzzle and ears are usually black, the bushy mane surrounding the shoulder ring is a lighter silver gray and darkens again on the back and belly. The tail is very bushy and is carried confidently from the back.

Character and skills

In order not to cause further confusion in the following breed description, we use the names of the breed “Keeshond” and “Wolfsspitz” as synonyms at this point. After all, both variants are hardly distinguished in the description of their character and appearance. But what is it that really distinguishes the character of these dogs?

Faithful and loving guard dog

Even today the Keeshond is known for his faithfulness and loyalty. Along with their high level of care, his distrust of strangers and his early attack, these characteristics made it an excellent and extremely popular watchdog among farmers and other large landowners. Even as today's family dog ​​and companion, has retained his loyal and caring nature and vigilance. The Keeshond he is extremely in need of love and always seeks the closeness of his humans. Of course, being alone is not in his nature. Thanks to its pronounced “will to please”, namely, the desire to please their humans and their undemanding nature, can fortunately accompany his humans (almost) everywhere. It is capable of adapting to the living conditions and daily life of its owners and hardly demands anything from its owners., as long as you know your loved ones closely.

Uncomplicated family dog

Properly, it also does not demand much of its movement and is also satisfied with “laziest days”. However, is very open to long walks or even dog sports. If you are allowed to share these experiences together with your human, the Keeshond proves to be an extremely lively and spirited companion, who is sometimes even said to have a certain high spirit. Therefore, in the case of young children it is better not to leave it unattended (which applies to almost all dog breeds). However, the Keeshond it is an uncomplicated family dog, who tends to get along very well with children and other pets.

Education

However, so that your balance and frugality are developed to the maximum, a good and consistent education is required, and this applies to all dogs in principle. Apart from learning the most important basic commands, it is often a matter of limiting your barking pleasure. The Keeshond, that carries the guard in the blood, attacks early and tends to become a thief, especially when bored. However, by socializing as soon as possible, consistently showing their limits and working harder to use their temperament, you can significantly reduce their barking and make sure your Keeshond only hit when really necessary. At the same time, you would do well to accustom your loving four-legged friend to being alone as soon as possible, even for a short time.

Basically, the Keeshond is considered very docile, intelligent and above all people-oriented. If the dog-human relationship is correct, namely, if the necessary mutual trust prevails, you Keeshond will always try to please you and will soon dismiss any behavior you don't like.

Care

Despite the dense fur, spending on care is kept within limits with the Keeshond. The undercoat is not prone to knots or tangles, so it is enough to brush it regularly and briefly. An advantage of Keeshond is that their fur has very little odor. So you don't have to worry about strong dog smells with this breed.

As with all dogs, the eyes, the legs, teeth and ears should be checked and cleaned regularly. You should also get annual checkups at the vet, vaccinations and deworming.

Keeshond Health

Breed-typical diseases are not known to occur in the Keeshond. The original dog breed is very robust and undemanding. An age of 15 years and more is not uncommon for him. This is probably due to the fact that the breed has never been overgrown. Although it was quite popular in difficult times, especially during WWII, due to its frugality, the wild and original Keeshond never became a “fashion dog”.

Breeding and buying Keeshond

Until today, the Keeshond it is a rather rare breed of dog. So it may take a while to find breeders of Keeshond they are expecting puppies. Use this time to optimally prepare for your new four-legged roommate.. In addition to the necessary initial equipment, like a bowl and a blanket for the dog, it should also clarify important issues like: “Who will take care of my dog ​​if I have to travel or I am sick?”, “What vaccines are necessary?” and “What food does my dog ​​need?”. If he Keeshond it's your first dog, you should learn the most important basics about dog training and breeding before you buy it. In addition to informational texts from the Internet or books, It is often very helpful to talk to experienced dog breeders or owners. You can make contacts, for example, with a registered dog club for him German Spitz, dog schools and breeders.

Wolfsspitz nutrition

An important question that dog owners must ask themselves over and over again is, What dog food does my four legged friend need? Although it is considered that Keeshond It is not very demanding and it is said that they were content with a potato a day during World War II, you need to make sure your dog receives all the important nutrients. Nutritional requirements don't just vary from dog to dog, they also depend on the age of the dog. For example, a puppy that is still growing will naturally need a different food than an adult dog or an elderly man who spends most of his time lying on his blanket. In addition, the amount and type of exercise, as well as the size, weight and health, will affect the dog's needs. In case of doubt, consult your veterinarian or breeder to determine your dog's exact needs.

Dry food, wet food or BARF method?

There are now several dry or wet food suppliers offering food mixes that are specifically tailored to the needs of a breed., specific age or body size. Pay attention to the high proportion of high quality meat and vegetables in the feed. You should avoid meat scraps in the feed that do not provide the dog with any significant content. Another indication of inferior quality is an excessively high proportion of cereals. Although the risk of being overweight in the Keeshond bigger is not as high as in the spitz enano, for example, also starts comparatively fast – like all German Spitz. A healthy alternative to conventional dog food is the BARF, but this feeding method requires some knowledge and experience.

Keeshond reviews

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Keeshond” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

3.0 rating
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Suitability of the apartment ?

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Can be alone all day ?

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Suitable as a first dog ?

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Weight gain ?

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Health ?

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Intelligence ?

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Kindness with child ?

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Tendency to bite ?

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Tendency to bark ?

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Tendency to flee ?

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Hair loss force ?

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Suitable as a guard dog ?

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Joy ?

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Cat friendliness ?

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Power level ?

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Suitable as a family dog. ?

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Energetic ?

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Tendency to drool ?

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Hunting instinct ?

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Hold the heat ?

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Hold out the cold ?

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Suitable as a sniffer dog ?

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Suitable as an assistance dog. ?

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obedience. ?

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Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 4 European Spitz.
  • AKC – Non-Sporting
  • ANKC – Non-Sporting
  • CKC – Non-Sporting
  • ​KC – Utility dogs
  • NZKC – Non-Sporting
  • UKC – Northern races

Alternative names:

    1. Kees, Dutch Barge Dog, Smiling Dutchman, German Spitz, Deutscher Wolfspitz, Wolfspitz (English).
    2. spitz loup, keeshond (French).
    3. (German).
    4. Spitz alemão, Chien Loup, Spitz lobo (Portuguese).
    5. Wolfspitz, Deutscher Wolfsspitz, Dutch Barge Dog (Spanish).

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