Keeshond
Holanda FCI 97 . European Spitz

Keeshond

Even today the Keeshond is a breed known for its faithfulness and loyalty.

Content

History

¿Son “Wolfsspitz” and “Keeshond” identical?

This question repeatedly leads to confusion among experts and laymen alike.. Aunque la mayoría de los cinólogos de hoy en día utilizan el nombre holandés Keeshond and the german name Wolfsspitz as a synonym for the same breed of dog, a closer look reveals some differences between Wolfsspitz and Keeshond. For example, the Wolfsspitz is usually slightly larger than the Keeshond, mientras que este último tiene un pelaje ligeramente más largo e incluso más voluminoso. ¿Pero cómo es posible que existan tales diferencias?

A look at history helps

To understand the development of Wolfsspitz or Keeshond, the origin of the dog breed is worth taking a look at. Porque es cierto que ambas variantes tienen un origen común y esto se remonta a mucho tiempo atrás. The Spitz, probably descended from the Stone Age peat dog, It is considered one of the oldest dog breeds in Germany and, thanks to his outstanding achievements as a house dog, yard and guard, has become an indispensable everyday companion for many generations.

Dutch People's Party mascot

The dutch Cornelis “Kees” of Geyzelar, el líder del Partido Popular Holandés, también tenía un compañero extremadamente leal en su Wolfspitz. In 1781 the dog of Kees se convirtió en un símbolo de la revolución patriótica. Since then dogs of this type were called “Keeshond” in Holland. Hoy en día este nombre se utiliza en los Países Bajos como un término genérico para las cinco variantes del German Spitz. For a more exact differentiation, se utilizan aquí extensiones de nombres, as “Dwergkeeshond” (= spitz enano), “Grote Keeshond” (= large spitz) or “Wolfsgrijze Keeshond” (= spitz lobo).

Desde Alemania y los Países Bajos a todo el mundo

Desde Alemania y los Países Bajos, la raza finalmente llegó a otros países europeos y a los EE.UU., where, depending on the origin of the dogs, the name of Keeshond or Wolfsspitz. Over time, se desarrollaron dos líneas de cría diferentes, cada una de las cuales prefería características diferentes. In direct comparison with the Keeshond dutch and the Wolfsspitz German, subtle differences are observed, like a smaller stick size and a longer fur on the Keeshond against longer runs and a slightly shorter coat on the Wolfsspitz. However, an exact differentiation of both phenotypes was never successful due to the abundance of similarities.

Dependiendo del país, the terms Keeshond or Wolfsspitz are therefore used very differently. While “Keeshoundse utiliza en los Países Bajos como un término genérico paraSpitz“, the name in Great Britain and in the US. refers exclusively to the variant of the Wolfsspitz. In scandinavia, both names are common and represent different variants. German cynologists and breeders often use the name “Wolfsspitz” to describe both types. To differentiate it from “Keeshound“, that was developed more abroad, the German Wolfsspitz is sometimes also called the “old german type”.

Physical characteristics

The docile and friendly nature of the Keeshond contrasts with its original appearance, almost wild. The dense coat, average length, has abundant undercoat and is silver gray with black hair tips. The cloudy gray fur, reminiscent of the drawing of a wild wolf, es típico de esta raza de perro, which also carries the “Wolf” in her name.

With a height at the cross of 43 a 55 cm el Keeshond is one of the largest representatives of the German Spitz. Comparado con otras razas de perros, is of medium height.

Como es típico de un Spitz, the Keeshond also has a pointed snout, like that of a fox. The muzzle and ears are usually black, the bushy mane surrounding the shoulder ring is a lighter silver gray and darkens again on the back and belly. The tail is very bushy and is carried confidently from the back.

Character and skills

In order not to cause further confusion in the following breed description, we use the names of the breed “Keeshond” and “Wolfsspitz” as synonyms at this point. Después de todo, both variants are hardly distinguished in the description of their character and appearance. ¿Pero qué es lo que realmente distingue el carácter de estos perros?

Faithful and loving guard dog

Even today the Keeshond is known for his faithfulness and loyalty. Along with their high level of care, his distrust of strangers and his early attack, estas características lo convirtieron en un excelente y extremadamente popular perro guardián entre los granjeros y otros grandes terratenientes. Even as today's family dog ​​and companion, has retained his loyal and caring nature and vigilance. The Keeshond está extremadamente necesitado de amor y siempre busca la cercanía de sus humanos. Of course, being alone is not in his nature. Thanks to its pronounced “will to please”, that is to say, the desire to please their humans and their undemanding nature, can fortunately accompany his humans (almost) everywhere. It is capable of adapting to the living conditions and daily life of its owners and hardly demands anything from its owners., as long as you know your loved ones closely.

Uncomplicated family dog

Properly, it also does not demand much of its movement and is also satisfied with “días más perezosos”. However, is very open to long walks or even dog sports. If you are allowed to share these experiences together with your human, the Keeshond proves to be an extremely lively and spirited companion, del que a veces incluso se dice que tiene un cierto espíritu elevado. Therefore, in the case of young children it is better not to leave it unattended (which applies to almost all dog breeds). However, the Keeshond it is an uncomplicated family dog, who tends to get along very well with children and other pets.

Education

However, so that your balance and frugality are developed to the maximum, a good and consistent education is required, and this applies to all dogs in principle. Apart from learning the most important basic commands, it is often a matter of limiting your barking pleasure. The Keeshond, that carries the guard in the blood, attacks early and tends to become a thief, especially when bored. However, by socializing as soon as possible, mostrando consistentemente sus límites y trabajando más duro para usar su temperamento, you can significantly reduce their barking and make sure your Keeshond only hit when really necessary. At the same time, harías bien en acostumbrar a tu cariñoso amigo de cuatro patas a estar solo lo antes posible, even for a short time.

Basically, the Keeshond is considered very docile, intelligent and above all people-oriented. If the dog-human relationship is correct, that is to say, if the necessary mutual trust prevails, you Keeshond will always try to please you and will soon dismiss any behavior you don't like.

Care

Despite the dense fur, el gasto en cuidados se mantiene dentro de los límites con el Keeshond. The undercoat is not prone to knots or tangles, so it is enough to brush it regularly and briefly. An advantage of Keeshond is that their fur has very little odor. Así que no tienes que preocuparte por los fuertes olores de perro con esta raza.

as with all dogs, the eyes, the legs, los dientes y los oídos deben ser revisados y limpiados regularmente. You should also get annual checkups at the vet, vaccinations and deworming.

Keeshond Health

No se sabe que las enfermedades típicas de la raza ocurran en el Keeshond. The original dog breed is very robust and undemanding. An age of 15 años y más no es poco común en él. This is probably due to the fact that the breed has never been overgrown. Aunque fue bastante popular en tiempos difíciles, especially during WWII, due to its frugality, the wild and original Keeshond never became a “fashion dog”.

La cría y compra de Keeshond

Until today, the Keeshond it is a rather rare breed of dog. Así que puede tomar un tiempo encontrar criadores de Keeshond they are expecting puppies. Use this time to optimally prepare for your new four-legged roommate.. In addition to the necessary initial equipment, like a bowl and a blanket for the dog, it should also clarify important issues like: “¿Quién cuidará de mi perro si tengo que viajar o estoy enfermo?”, “¿Qué vacunas son necesarias?” and “¿Qué alimento necesita mi perro?”. If he Keeshond it's your first dog, deberías aprender lo básico más importante sobre el entrenamiento y la cría de perros antes de comprarlo. In addition to informational texts from the Internet or books, suele ser muy útil hablar con criadores o propietarios de perros experimentados. You can make contacts, for example, with a registered dog club for him German Spitz, dog schools and breeders.

Wolfsspitz nutrition

An important question that dog owners must ask themselves over and over again is, ¿qué comida para perros necesita mi amigo de cuatro patas? Although it is considered that Keeshond no es muy exigente y se dice que se contentaban con una patata al día durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, you need to make sure your dog receives all the important nutrients. Los requisitos nutricionales no sólo varían de un perro a otro, they also depend on the age of the dog. For example, un cachorro que todavía está creciendo necesitará naturalmente un alimento diferente al de un perro adulto o un anciano que pasa la mayor parte del tiempo acostado en su manta. What's more, the amount and type of exercise, así como el tamaño, weight and health, will affect the dog's needs. In case of doubt, consult your veterinarian or breeder to determine your dog's exact needs.

¿Comida seca, comida húmeda o método BARF?

En la actualidad hay varios proveedores de alimentos secos o húmedos que ofrecen mezclas de alimentos que se adaptan específicamente a las necesidades de una raza, specific age or body size. Pay attention to the high proportion of high quality meat and vegetables in the feed. Debe evitar los desechos de carne en el alimento que no proporcionen al perro ningún contenido significativo. Another indication of inferior quality is an excessively high proportion of cereals. Although the risk of being overweight in the Keeshond bigger is not as high as in the spitz enano, for example, also starts comparatively fast – like all German Spitz. A healthy alternative to conventional dog food is the BARF, but this feeding method requires some knowledge and experience.

Characteristics "Keeshond"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Keeshond" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

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Suitability of the apartment ?

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Can be alone all day ?

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Suitable as a first dog ?

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Weight gain ?

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Health ?

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Intelligence ?

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Kindness with child ?

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Tendency to bite ?

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Tendency to bark ?

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Tendency to flee ?

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Fuerza de caída del cabello ?

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Suitable as a guard dog ?

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Joy ?

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Cat friendliness ?

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Nivel de energía ?

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Suitable as a family dog. ?

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Energetic ?

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Tendency to drool ?

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Hunting instinct ?

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Hold the heat ?

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Aguanta el frío ?

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Suitable as a sniffer dog ?

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Suitable as an assistance dog. ?

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obedience. ?

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Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 4 European Spitz.
  • AKC – Non-Sporting
  • ANKC – Non-Sporting
  • CKC – Non-Sporting
  • ​KC – Utility dogs
  • NZKC – Non-Sporting
  • UKC – Northern races


FCI breed standard "Keeshond"

FCIFCI - Keeshond
Keeshond

Alternative names:

    1. Kees, Dutch Barge Dog, Smiling Dutchman, German Spitz, Deutscher Wolfspitz, Wolfspitz (English).
    2. spitz loup, keeshond (French).
    3. (German).
    4. Spitz alemão, Chien Loup, Spitz lobo (Portuguese).
    5. Wolfspitz, Deutscher Wolfsspitz, Dutch Barge Dog (español).
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