Rafeiro of Alentejo
Portugal FCI 96 - Molossoid . Mountain

Rafeiro of Alentejo

It is an excellent watchdog in the farms and homes of the Alentejo.

Content

History

The Rafeiro of Alentejo (Alentejo Mastiff), as its name suggests, comes from the Portuguese region of Alentejo, which extends south of the Tagus river to the Algarve. The pedigree dog, that within the FCI belongs to the Group 2 (Molossoid), Mountain Dogs subsection, has a long history as a herding dog. Although little is known about the exact origin of this rare breed, their parents are supposed to be found in the molossian dogs of the Middle East. The Estrela Mountain Dog (Star Mountain Dog), also from portugal, was probably also involved in its origin.

In the Alentejo lowlands, shepherds used the Rafeiro of Alentejo to herd and drive cattle. In addition, the intrepid four-legged friend protected the flock entrusted to him by reliably avoiding attacks by wild animals or rustlers. Especially at night the Rafeiro of Alentejo defended his flock to the blood. The wealthy large landowners appreciated the imposing dog not only as a vigilant protector, but also as a status symbol of strength and power.

As industrialization progressed and large estates declined, the rafeiro it got weirder. In the early 20th century, dogs of this type were almost extinct. However, a small circle of enthusiasts ensured that the breed was preserved. In 1940 a first breed standard was established. 14 years later, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) finally recognized the breed.

Physical characteristics

When the Rafeiro of Alentejo, cattle thieves and wild animals quickly flee: Who would want to mess with such a big and powerful dog?

With a height at the withers of up to 76 cm and a weight of approximately 50 kg, the Portuguese breed dog has a very striking appearance. His massive head and strong, muscular body give a defensive impression.. Look calmly at your opponent with small brown eyes, between which there is a slight groove, but nothing escapes your watchful eye.

Despite its bulky shape and somewhat heavy and slow gait, the body of the Rafeiro of Alentejo seems to be rather long than wide. The neck offers a good transition to the shoulder, the back is straight. The tail is well furnished and thickened at the base, rather low and forms a slight upward curve when excited. In rest position it reaches to the hock. Ears of the Rafeiro they are medium in size and fall to one side when folded.

The dense and smooth coat of the Portuguese Sheepdog is short to medium length and has abundant undercoat, giving you reliable protection in all weather conditions. The Rafeiro of Alentejo it is available in black, Grey Wolf, leonado or yellow with or without white spots. A white base color with yellow spots is also allowed., as well as the brindle specimens according to the breed standard.

Character and skills

At night, the Rafeiro of Alentejo he is in his best moment: nothing escapes your watchful eye, his good nose and his excellent ears. Anyone who dares to enter their territory is captured without notice and, if required, wholesale. Pastors who have a Rafeiro they no longer have to fear rustlers or poachers.

Like a purebred dog, whose only task is to accompany and protect his family, the Portuguese breed dog is completely unsuitable. Although he is faithful and loyal to his family, his innate sharpness is difficult to control even with a consistent education. After all, the smart and self-confident Rafeiro of Alentejo has always been used to working and acting independently. However, the will to subordinate and obedience are not among its strong points.

Who wants to keep a Rafeiro of Alentejo it must be able to offer you a large territory in which you can live your vigilant and protective instincts according to your mood. This does not mean, of course, that one should just let this dog go. A responsible owner socializes and educates his dog from the beginning. Clearly shows you who is holding the reins in their hand and where their limits are. At the same time, he also accepts that his four-legged friend needs his freedom. The Rafeiro will never become a “good lap dog”.

Purchase of a Rafeiro of Alentejo

Those interested in a purebred Ranteiro del Alentejo sometimes have to go a long way to find a suitable breeder. However, people who want to buy this dog on a whim, should refrain from buying it. The Rafeiro it is and continues to be an excellent herd dog and should be kept in that context. Who wants to make it into a family friendly companion dog, he does himself and the dog no favors.

Health and life expectancy of Rafeiro of Alentejo

The typical diseases of the breed are hardly known due to the low spread of the breed. The Rafeiro it is a very robust dog whose life expectancy is comparatively high, of 12 a 14 years. However, like all dogs of their size and format, You may also have joint problems such as hip joint dysplasia or elbow dysplasia.

Rafeiro of Alentejo diet

In principle, this breed has no specific dietary needs. However, a balanced and healthy diet is, of course, also important for this dog – also or especially regarding possible joint problems. Therefore, following the high-energy puppy diet, a fairly low protein food should be given first to prevent the young dog from growing too fast. In the adult dog, the energy value of the food can increase again. Now, fresh meat, through which the necessary amount of animal protein is absorbed, should mainly fill the feeding bowl. Fresh vegetables and rice are suitable as a healthy garnish. Fish can be given as an alternative to meat.

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 96
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Rafeiro of Alentejo breed

    RAFEIRO OF ALENTEJO FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Alentejo-Mastiff, alentejo mastiff (English).
      2. mâtin de l’Alentejo, mastiff de l’Alentejo (French).
      3. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Rafeiro, Alentejo-Mastiff (German).
      4. Mastim Português, Mastim do Alentejo (Portuguese).
      5. Mastín del Alentejo (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Rafeiro del Alentejo by https://brit-petfood.com/hr/node/8006

    Rottweiler
    Alemania FCI 147 - Molosoids - Mastiff

    Rottweiler

    The Rottweiler is a quiet dog, docile and faithful family.

    Content

    History

    The Rottweiler is one of the breeds of German origin that is recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI). The Rottweiler is a dog trotting type.

    The history of the Rottweiler dates back to the 19th century. The city of Rottweil in present-day Baden-Württemberg was known for its livestock trade. To keep animals under control on their way to pasture, farmers and butchers had to use smart and persistent companion dogs. At the beginning, these dogs were therefore called butcher dogs, later they were finally given the name Rottweiler due to its proximity to the city of Rottweil. Other theories on the history of the Rottweiler breed say that the canine breed was already used for livestock farming in Rome and therefore arrived with the Romans through the Alps to the city of Rottweil. In the early 20th century, when people were looking for a suitable police dog, it soon became clear that the Rottweiler, with his strong, muscular stature and intrepid temperament, was particularly suitable. In 1910 the Rottweiler was officially recognized as a police dog.

    These characteristics, they made it an indispensable both for farmers and butchers Assistant.

    Physical characteristics

    The Rottweiler is a medium to large dog, muscular, sturdy and strong with powerful teeth. Although its shape is quite robust, the Rottweiler has great resistance and is very agile. According to the breed standard, the height at the withers of a male dog is 68 cm., that of a female dog 63 cm.. The weight of a Rottweiler is between approx. 42 kg ( female) and approx. 50 kg (male). Rottweiler coat consists of a black top layer and bottom layer. The black top layer is described by the VDH (German Canine Federation) as “average length, thick, dense and tight”, while the bottom layer should not protrude from the top layer. The Rottweiler's coat is slightly longer on the hind legs. Characteristic for the Rottweiler is also the so-called blight, which means clearly defined brown-red markings on the lips, the snout, the eyebrows, under the tail root and on the chest.

    In this race we can find two lines of aging, the European, considered the original and the American. The American line is characterized by examples of greater height and more stylized bodies, on the other hand, European line dogs present a more robust with a lower height and compact body.

    Character and skills

    Although the Rottweiler is a race that has been used for defence work, his work and typicity requires that they are described as friendly, happy talk, quiet, faithful, obedient and willingness to work. In recent studies of aggressiveness in races this was not among the top ten.

    In addition the Rottweiler dog is located within the ten most intelligent dogs, they are dogs of great trust and kindness, You can be glad that it will meet the desired objective.

    An important attribute that has the Rottweiler is his adiestrabilidad. It is a very intelligent and obedient dog, able to learn many tasks.

    According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Rottweiler is the No. 9 from the list.

    Its history as a shepherd, as military dog and care as well as dog obedience and exhibition, speaks highly of his versatility.

    The Rottweilers are ideal as protectors of the family and property. You agree to all the members of the family and protect both the father and the son. The Rottweilers usually do not have Favorites, Although there are exceptions. They tend to be individualists, and this is due, Once again, are creatures with discernment and lists.

    His intelligence “affects” to your adiestrabilidad. As, frequently, It is said of the cats, they are too ready to wait for repetition of an order. Once they have executed her once or twice as you like, Surely they tired of the game and seek a better output. "Why insist human to do these things so many times?"? "I have already grasped the idea the first time and was not so exciting" it seems that he thinks the Rottweiler.

    Some need more help than others, but patience is always required when you train a dog, regardless of what race.
    Please understand that nothing wrong with owning a Rottweiler there is. They are incredible dogs and wonderful pets. This is not an issue of race, but rather individuals who are involved with the canine behavior modification.

    Rottweiler maintenance

    Since the Rottweiler was bred as a persistent working dog and therefore needs a lot of leash in order to function properly, keeping him in the kennel is out of the question. However, due to its robustness, can stay out if there is a good family connection and corresponding workload. It is important to socialize the Rottweiler from the beginning through specific training and attendance at a dog training school and to get him used to different situations and people. Due to its character, the Rottweiler can be used very well as a service dog, guard dog, rescue dog or guide dog for the blind. Although it is not the classic family dog, living with children is usually not a problem. Due to its size and strength, wild games with children should be avoided, and children should not walk alone with the Rottweiler due to its enormous traction. Proper maintenance a Rottweiler includes not only a demanding occupation but also a good education.

    The life expectancy of a Rottweiler

    The life expectancy of a Rottweiler is with 8-10 years somewhat below average value. Unlike small dog breeds, the musculoskeletal system of larger dog breeds is already under great stress during the growth phase, causing signs of wear earlier.

    Buy a Rottweiler

    Before deciding on a Rottweiler, one must closely examine their attitude and character and carefully consider whether this breed is really suitable. The following questions must be answered affirmatively: Can I offer the Rottweiler enough space and exercise? Do I have time to take care of the animal enough? Do all family members agree with the dog? Do I trust the education of a Rottweiler? Can I take my dog ​​on vacation or what alternatives are there? If you finally decide to get a Rottweiler, doesn't necessarily have to come from a breeder. Why don't you visit the animal shelter?- Maybe you will find a Rottweiler there that you can give a good home. Here the purchase is also much cheaper than with a breeder.

    Rottweiler Education

    The correct education is very important for a Rottweiler to promote its generally human and balanced character.. Your position in the family hierarchy must be clear to the dog from the start, so that he learns to obey and respect his master. Consistency is extremely important in Rottweiler education, and it should be dominant, but without harshness. As a responsible dog owner, you must act with sovereignty, calm and especially with consideration when training a Rottweiler. The Rottweiler recognizes these positive leadership qualities, which ultimately makes him a loyal companion. As in the case of any other dog, training should begin at the puppy's age, where positive behavior is rewarded with praise, for example in the form of sweets. Caution: With insufficiently dominant leadership or erroneous and inconsistent education, Rottweiler can develop dangerous behavior – this shows the great role that the correct education of the Rottweilers plays.

    Rottweiler Health and Care

    Since the Rottweiler's coat is rather short to medium long, the toilet is not very complex. However, due to its agile nature, impurities can quickly accumulate on the coat, so grooming should not be neglected entirely. Occasional brushing is completely sufficient. For Rottweiler coat length, special brushes for dogs, but also cotton gloves have proven to be very effective. In addition to the toilet, foot care, as well as eye care, ears and nails should be considered as usual.

    Breed specific diseases

    As with many other large dogs, certain diseases occur more frequently in Rottweiler dogs. These include hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, both are poor development of the respective joints. Because this is due to a genetic disposition, an X-ray examination must be presented in a breed aptitude test. To prevent disease, care must be taken that the animal is not overweight and gets enough exercise. Leukoencephalomyelopathy is also an inherited disease. It leads to progressive paralysis in young animals and is not curable., although it occurs quite infrequently. On the other hand, in recent years, heart disease has been recorded more frequently in this breed. Constriction of the nerves of the heart, for example, is inherited and affects the reflux of blood from the heart, which ultimately leads to limited performance of the Rottweiler.

    Rottweiler feed

    Like any other dog, the Rottweiler needs a species-appropriate diet. To prevent overweight and resulting breed diseases, such as hip and elbow dysplasia, dog food should not be too fatty and especially low in protein. It is also important that the Rottweiler feeds in moderation and has limited access to the feeding bowl. Instead of being able to use a large portion of food, dog owners should distribute food appropriately for their “Rotti”. Whether dry or wet food is better for the Rottweiler, the dog owner must decide for himself.

    Rottweiler puppies prefer to eat what they are used to eating from their breeder. Therefore, it makes sense to continue feeding this food for the time being and only change food when the dog is older and may have different needs than its food. It's best to just try what the Rottweiler likes best: in addition to wet and dry food, also a healthy alternative to barking at the dog.

    Rottweiler reviews

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rottweiler” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Rottweiler Images

    Rottweiler Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 147
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, doge type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Group 3 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Rottweiler breed FCI standard

    ROTTWEILER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Rott, Rottie (English).
      2. Rottweiler (French).
      3. Rottweiler Metzgerhund (German).
      4. Rottweiler Metzgerhund (Portuguese).
      5. Rottie, Rott (Spanish).

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