The Dog of the Sierra de la Estrela (Cão da Serra da Estrela) It is a breed of dog native of Portugal, in the mountainous region that bears the same name. It has all the qualities required in this wild region, is intelligent, loyal and brave.
Hay quienes sostienen la teoría de que fueron introducidos en Portugal por los visigodos y lentamente a varias partes de Europa. The Estrela Mountain Dog se utilizaba –principalmente- in mountainous areas to accompany shepherds and flocks on their annual migrations, defending the wolves and thieves.
It is believed that the two varieties of existing hair: short hair and Longhair, they are due to regional variations. Contrariamente a lo que cabría esperar, the warmest region, the region of Manteigas, es donde se podrían encontrar los perros de pelo largo, While short hair varieties were most frequent in the North, in Gouveia e Seia. Crosses between these two varieties were frequent.
In 1934 the standard of the breed was drafted, que fue establecido según sus dos variedades de capa. From this point, the cross between two varieties became undesirable. The publication of the rule in 1966 and the recognition of the breed by the FCI, no han traído más popularidad a la raza. Over the years 60 and 70, the Portuguese emigrated looking for escape from the regime of poverty. The population of dogs Serra da Estrela declined drastically in that period, but the dedication of some breeders allowed the continuity of the breed.
Today, the Estrela Mountain Dog is highly requested, especially the variety of long hair. While the variety of short hair was more numerous at the beginning of the last century, is the variety of long hair that stands out, especially for being more eye-catching, stylish, with a larger. This made the breeders will focus primarily on the variety of long hair. Hoy en día la variedad de pelo corto es particularmente vulnerable y rara.
The Estrela Mountain Dog is a big dog, rough lines and powerful appearance. The head is huge, rounded and with a stunning skull. It has oval eyes, very expressive, Smart and serene.
The ears they are small and pendants, covered with a soft skin.
Molosoide de tipo mastín, el perro de montaña de Estrela cuenta con un amplio pecho y una grupa ligeramente caída. The members are strong and muscular. The tail is long, gruesa y ligeramente caída.
There are two varieties of Estrela Mountain Dog: long hair and short hair. The hair is strong, thick, but not too rough. In some regions it is longer than others, especially in the queue, around the neck and back.
Only allowed the tawny colors, Lupine and yellow, monochrome or marbled.
Estrela Mountain Dog is a healthy dog, due to the strong natural selection which was exposed. However, There are some diseases of large animals with a higher incidence in this breed. The Dysplasia is one of them, especially that of hip. Due to this trend, owners must use quality diets, not exercise too your dog when he is young, avoid the steep stairs, breaks and slippery floors.
The variety of long hair they require more maintenance: brushed daily to untangle hair.
The variety of short hair only needs weekly brushings. Bathing should only be administered, únicamente, When cannot be avoided,Since the protective greasiness of the skin can be damaged by cleaning products.
Character and skills
The Estrela Mountain Dog has always been kept with the sheep, While pastor was away from his flock the dog developed an independent organization and this led to his character of excellent guard dog.
It is also used for self defense and as a dog shot.
The Estrela Mountain Dog, por su aislamiento y difícil acceso, It has become the home of this breed of dog. His hard hair helps you survive the harsh winters of the region. Cada raza tiene su carácter específico desarrollado a lo largo de su existencia, of their own history.
This more or less independent nature makes this breed adapts well to modern times, where instead of caring won, espera a que sus propietarios regresen del trabajo al final del día. Tienen muchísima paciencia.
The beauty of this dog, his intelligence and strength, son las características que le permiten ser además de un guardia de excelente, a good family dog and very tolerant with children.
Habitat Estrela Mountain Dog
The Estrela Mountain Dog it's a big dog with a big boost. Therefore, an apartment in the city is not ideal for him. Fluctuations of time and temperature do not bother him much, así que prefiere pasar el día al aire libre. Therefore, lo ideal es una casa con un gran patio o jardín en el que pueda moverse libremente. What's more, does not want to do without his long walks. For many other canine sports, requiring reliable obedience, es sin embargo difícilmente adecuado debido a su obstinación.
Nutrition Estrela Mountain Dog
The Estrela Mountain Dog requires a correspondingly large serving of food, which should also be considered when buying it. Proper dog feeding helps keep it healthy for a long time. Si uno quiere usar comida seca o húmeda es una cuestión de preferencia personal. In particular, nutrition during growth, especially in large dogs, sets the course for later life.
Mientras que los cachorros y los perros adultos necesitan suficiente energía, young dogs need an adapted diet, rica en proteínas, para asegurar que sus músculos y su esqueleto crezcan de manera uniforme. Si el joven perro crece demasiado rápido con comida demasiado rica en energía, there is a risk of permanent joint problems and malpositions. What's more, It should be noted that all large breeds of dogs are at risk of stomach upset if the daily ration is administered at one time.. Therefore, it is better and healthier to divide the food into at least two servings in the morning and at night and then give the animal a break for digestion.
Education and care
Due to the close connection of the Estrela Mountain Dog with humans and their good understanding, good conditions are created for purposeful education. However, the race's own head should not be underestimated. The Hound of the Sierra de la Estrela dog stubbornly reacts to too much hardness in training and the orders he considers meaningless. Por consiguiente, the right key to a successful workout is patience, la empatía y una mano consistente. During training special attention should be paid to the tendency to dominate, especially in males.
Although this is rarely directed against humans, but mainly against other big dogs, can disturb harmonious interaction and, above all, The walking. Ideally, great importance should be given to socialization already in the breeder. También deberías practicar el encuentro con otros perros lo antes posible después de que tu perro se haya mudado. You can learn that other dogs are an enrichment and not a danger and that dominant behavior is not tolerated. In a good dog school you will receive many tips when in doubt, which will facilitate the management of your Dog from the Sierra de la Estrela.
The Estrela Mountain Dog has a dense coat with a lot of undercoat, that adapts to weather conditions. The change of coat is therefore strong in this breed. To facilitate this process for the animal and reduce the amount of dog hair at home, should be brushed sufficiently and correctly, especialmente durante el período. Ideal for this purpose are the special brushes, they can comb the bottom layer. Outside the change of coat phase, brush once a week.. El resto de la preparación se limita al mínimo. Especially if the dog is outside and a lot in the meadows and forests, should be checked regularly for parasites. If required, claws must be shortened with claw pliers.
La salud y las enfermedades típicas
The Estrela Mountain Dog es un animal muy robusto que no tiene que luchar con las enfermedades típicas de la raza. However, being a very large breed, you may suffer from dysplasia of the hip joint. Los criadores reconocidos por la FCI sólo utilizan a los progenitores que no están afectados por esta enfermedad con fines de cría, which also greatly reduces the risk to offspring.
Estrela Mountain Dog life expectancy
As a healthy race, the Estrela Mountain Dog reaches an age of 10 a 12 years without difficulty and generally without many visits to the vet. Proper nutrition and parenting are the prerequisites for a long and healthy life.
Photos Estrela Mountain Dog
Videos Estrela Mountain Dog
Type and recognitions:
- FCI CLASSIFICATION: 173
- Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
- Section 2: Molossoid - 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type. Without working trial..
FCI ⓘ, AKC ⓘ, ANKC ⓘ, KC ⓘ, NZKC ⓘ, UKC ⓘ – The AKC does not have its own standard and instead is linked to the FCI
FCI breed standard "Estrela Mountain Dog"
FCI - Estrela Mountain Dog
1. Portuguese Shepherd (English).
2. Chien de montagne portugais (French).
3. Serra da Estrela Berghund (German).
4. Perro de la sierra de la Estrela (Portuguese).
5. Perro de la Sierra de la Estrela (español).