Rough Collie
Gran Bretañaa FCI 156

It is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

Content

History

The Rough Collie is one of the Collie breeds medium-sized and long-haired who was born in Scotland in the early 1800.

Both the Long-haired Collie and the Smooth Collie , they are descended from a variety of grazing dogs from Scotland and Wales.

  • The variety of Scotland, It is characterized for being a strong dog, large, aggressive, raised to care for flocks of sheep in the Highlands, an all terreno…
  • The variety of Wales, However, was a small dog, Agile, home and cuddlier, and also pastor of goats.

These two varieties of dogs crosses shepherds are born the precious Collie that we call today Rough Collie and Smooth Collie.

After the industrial revolution, owning a dog became fashionable, people began to acquire copies and began to expand and cross with other breeds. Y, there is a theory that says those first Collie, were crossed with a Borzoi (Russian Greyhound) in order to obtain a more "noble" head (finest), What is today one of the true characteristics of the Rough Collie. But in reality, is not known conclusively if it crosses with the Borzoi It took place on the main stream of the race.

But trends are changing according to blowing the wind... Like for example, When the Queen Victoria acquired a Border Collie, After seeing one in the Balmoral Castle, the Collie is transformed into something like an article of fashion.

The issue is that, the Collie they were distributed around the map and continuous reproduction in order to improve the breed for exhibitions, He carried that drastically changed the appearance of the dogs, in the Decade of 1960, the Collie was much higher than today.

At the first dawn of the breed the dogs were more robust and resistant, they could travel long distances during the whole day and retained energy...

While many theories attempt to explain them, Unfortunately, the exact origins of the Collie have a dark veil. The race has been the subject of much research and speculation. The origin of the word “Collie” It is as uncertain as the origin of the breed information. In the century 18, the natural home of the Long Haired Collie was on the Highlands of Scotland lands, where had it been used for centuries as a herding dog. Dogs were bred with great care in order to assist their masters in grazing and the monitoring of their flocks.

In the UK the Longhair Collie is no longer used for grazing cattle, After having been replaced by the Border Collie. Although in United States and several European countries, there has been a revival in the use of Collie like a working and performance dog, already not are seen as old.

The Club Collie of America was founded the 26 in August of 1886, What makes it one of the oldest clubs in the race. The objective of the original club was "the promotion and the improvement of the breed of Border Collie". From there the first official breed standard was carved Collie. The celebration of the centenary of the club took place in 1986. Y, Although much time has passed and many things cambiado… the objective of the Club is still the same. The Collie Club in England dates of 1881 (Although officially, is oldest club americano…).

The Collie's long hair was exhibited for the first time in 1860 in the Birmingham, England, in the dogshow “Scotch Shee-pdog“. In 1879 the first hair long Collie was imported to England. And from there are the pillars of the breed.

With the turn of the century, this breed was already in a state of continuous development. This dog continued to flourish in England. As a result of imports, the race progressed rapidly between the years 1900 a 1920. These dogs built the foundation on which the Rough Collie of today and paved the way for the emergence of large and famous American dog kennels in the years 1920 and 1930.

One of them and perhaps the one that catapulted the Rough Collie, He was the author Albert Payson Terhune devoted almost all his life to these dogs. Albert Payson Terhune (21 December 1872 until 18 February 1942) was an American author, Collie dog breeder, and journalist. The public is known both for his novels relating the adventures of his beloved Collie, "as for its famous breeding sites"Sunnybank”, from which the bloodlines of specimens of Rough Collie who live among us today.

Physical characteristics

One of the characteristic features of the Collie's long hair is his head and delicately pointed snout. It resembles a wedge decline gently from the ears until the black nose. The snout is rounded and never square. The eyes are of medium size and Pacific way. The ears are supposed to be semi-erectas, folded in the upper third. In appearance they are very similar to the Shetland Shepherd Dog, but larger.

Regarding the coat of hair of the Rough Collie, the admitted colors are:

  • Sable color: Where sable or grey goes from Pale to mahogany.
  • Blackbird: the blue Merle, It is a mottled grey.
  • Tricolor: It is mainly Tan.

All have white areas, in the neck, the back of the legs, and usually the tip of the tail. Some may have white fringes on the face. The American Kennel Club supports white, where is the dog predominantly white with spots of the sable color, Tricolor and blue Merle, in the head and patches in the body as a.

It has dual layer, the woolly, dense subpelo, It is covered by a layer of hair is long and rough exterior with a remarkable necklace around the neck, feathers on the legs, a skirt in the abdomen, and a steering wheel in the rear quarters.

The outer layer needs brushing frequent, careful to keep it free from spikes and thorns, He has long hair and it seems a velcro… Shearing it is something very harmful to the skin and some not again them grow a significant amount of hair after having been shaved.

The desired size and weight vary between the standards of the breed of dog clubs, but trying to balance the medidas… a long hair male Collie measured 55,8 a 66 cm in height to the cross, females tend to be a 5 lowest centimeters. Males weigh in 20 a 34 Kg and females are generally lighter (of 2 a 5 fewer kilos).

Character and skills

The Rough Collie it is a dog that never shows nervousness or aggression, and they are generally good with children and other animals. However, They must be well socialized to prevent shyness. Although they are medium-sized to large dogs, It adapts very well to life in small apartments, because of his quiet nature.

Like many dogs grazing, the Rough Collie can be very vocal (ladrador…), and in some cases it is difficult to correct them. They are very loyal and excellent with children, provided have been well socialized and trained. They are always eager to learn and respond better to a gentle hand. They enjoy human company and home heat.

For yeah "The character of"Lassie"created by the British author Eric Knight was a Collie of long hair", It is probably the most famous dog in the world, fictional character that appeared in various films, TV series and books for years.

"That character inspired screenwriter Hugo Butler in the film"Lassie Come Home”, under the direction of Fred M. Wilcox, in the year 1943. Film that definitely launched to fame to the beautiful long hair Collie.

Collie Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines. Collie is prone to a host of health problems. Here is a brief summary of what you should know.

Collies can be affected by a number of genetic health problems, including multiple drug sensitivities to a mutation in the multi-drug resistance gene (MDR1). Dogs with this mutation can have serious or fatal reactions to a number of common drugs., such as preventive ivermectin against heartworm and loperamide, a human antidiarrheal agent that is sometimes used in dogs. Detecting these diseases not only in the parents of your puppy, but also in your dog, it's a life-saving need. The test is simple and only requires a cheek smear.; information on how to test your dog can be found here.

Eye problems are also a serious concern in the breed. One of the most intractable is progressive retinal atrophy (ARP), but luckily the gene for detection was recently identified and a genetic screening test will be available as soon as this year, after which all breeders should have ARP authorizations on all their breeding dogs.

Collie eye abnormality is a group of eye disorders that range from mild to severe. They are present at birth, and can be detected in puppies between five and eight weeks of age. Your puppy's breeder should examine the eyes of all dogs in the litter before selling them.. Have a Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist regularly examine your Collie's eyes. Reputable Collie breeders don't just check their breeders' eyes, but also those of all puppies offered for sale. Do not buy a Collie from a breeder who has not examined puppies' eyes or does not offer a certificate of their eye status.

Unfortunately, Collies can also be affected by a number of health conditions for which there are no screening tests. These include epilepsy, as well as a condition called bloating, in which the stomach expands with air. This can become the most serious condition, gastric torsion, if the stomach twists on itself, cutting off blood flow. Gastric torsion suddenly hits, and a dog that was fine a minute can die a few hours later. Watch for symptoms like restlessness and step, babeo, pale gums and lip licking, try to vomit but without bringing out anything, and signs of pain. Gastric torsion requires immediate veterinary surgery, and most dogs that have swollen once will swell again. This means that it is prudent to opt for the procedure known as “gastric torsion”, which will prevent the stomach from twisting in the future.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and raise healthier copies only and best looking, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Collie at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Collie grooming

Both varieties of Collie have double layer, which means they have a thicker, softer inner layer and a thinner, flatter outer layer. The Rough Collie has a beautiful and voluminous coat that seems to need a lot of care, but it's not like that. Thorough brushing every one to two weeks will keep the coat healthy and tangle free. The Smooth Collie’s coat is a piece of cake to care for. Brush it weekly with a rubber brush or soft brush to remove dead hair. Your Collie should not need a bath more than once a month.

Rough Collie go through a heavy molt twice a year, floating dumb call. During this time, brush daily to keep all hair down under control. The Smooth Collie doesn’t blow his coat, but throughout the year it loses more hair than the Rough Collie.

The rest are basic care. Cut nails as needed, usually every few weeks. It shouldn't take so long for the click to be heard on the floor. Brush your teeth daily to improve overall health and breath.

Rough Collie Characteristics

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rough Collie” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Shepherd Dogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss boyeros). / Section 1 –> Shepherd Dogs. Without working trial.
  • FCI 156
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • FCI Standard of the Rough Collie breed
  • COLLIE ROUGH FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, “Lassie” dog (English).
    2. Colley à poil long, berger écossais (French).
    3. Rough Collie, LANGHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
    4. Rough collie (Portuguese).
    5. Pastor escocés de pelo largo (Spanish).

Smooth Collie
Escocia FCI 296

Content

The Smooth Collie It is a breed of dog developed originally for herding. It is a variety of the Border Collie. Some canine organizations, copies of soft hair and wire-haired, classified them as variations of the same race.

History

The early history of the Collie's short hair, like many breeds of dogs, It is largely a matter of speculation. The most common view of the race is that they are descendants of a population of shepherds dogs brought to Scotland by the Romans in the 5th century ("See more information about the race"Collie”).

The modern history of both Collie, soft layer and rough layer, It began in the reign of Queen Victoria, He turned his attention in the dogs of the shepherds and ordered that they bring to their Balmoral Castle in Scotland, some specimens. In 1860 years. At that time, the interest of the Queen, It became fashionable breed Collie of short hair. Thus began the transformation of the breed of dog of farm, similar to the modern Border Collie, Pet highlighting its aesthetics and preparation for dog competitions, sample, for example.

The Collie's short hair, today is considered a variety of Border Collie in countries such as United States and Canada, which means that they can sit and statistical records, register as "Collie" without specifying if it is 'Rough (rough)’ o ‘Smooth (soft)’.

In other countries, such as United Kingdom and Australia, they are classified as separate breeds, but for a very short time, the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom allowed the crossing of the two varieties until 1993.

Physical characteristics

Smooth Collie is a dog of medium size pulling big, the females measure of 56 a 61 cm. to the cross and the males of 61 a 66 cm.. Y, they weigh in 20 a 34 kg. The standard size of the breed varies by country, is the far larger in the range United States and Canada, and the smallest elsewhere.

The Collie's short hair is slightly longer than high, with a straight back and a deep chest. The characteristics of the head, especially of expression “sweet”, are considered very important in the ring. The breed has long snout, the flat skull and semi-erectas ears.

The layer is two-fold, one is soft and dense stuck to the body, and the outer layer is smooth and hard for a length of 2,54 centimeters, with the most dense hair around the neck forming a collar, and in the back of the thighs. The coat requires a weekly brushing. Unlike other Collie, It presents non bangs…, the hair is short.

The Smooth Collie coat can be of the following colors:

  • Sand: the colour of the famous Lassie, that it goes golden light to dark mahogany. With white areas on the chest, neck, feet, legs, and the tail.
  • Tricolor: black, with spots of color fire and white. With white areas on the chest, neck, feet, legs, and the tail.
  • Blue Merle: that color is a gray marble silver black with spots of color fire. With white areas on the chest, neck, feet, legs, and the tail.

Character and skills

The Smooth Collie is generally a sociable dog, easy to train family. Although it is not an aggressive breed, It is always alert and barking when he noticed something unusual, It is therefore a great watchdog.

Collie dogs - General- they are agile dogs, assets and need regular exercise. It is easy to train, due to their high intelligence and eagerness to please their owners. The formation of this breed requires exclusive dedication and patience, they are sensitive to correction and hide if they feel badly treated or it sobre required.

They get along well with children, they tend to harmonize well with other animals that live in the House, they usually mix well with other dogs.

The Smooth Collie is - mainly- a family pet, You can compete in obedience, agility, grazing trials, and other canine sports. Some are still used as working dogs in tasks of grazing (but less and less). They are also very useful as assistance dogs for people with disabilities.

It has a life expectancy of 12 a 14 years.

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> / Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • FCI 296
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • FCI Standard Smooth Collie breed
  • COLLIE SMOOTH FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Collie, Smooth Coat (English).
      2. Colley (French).
      3. Smooth Collie, KURZHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
      4. Collie de pelo curto, Smooth collie (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor escocés de pelo corto (Spanish).

    Bearded collie
    Escocia FCI 271

    Collie Barbudo

    Collie Barbudo is an energetic dog. They need exercise and homework to do, How to care for children.

    Content

    History

    The Bearded collie It is a breed of dog of medium size and long coat, It was originally used in tasks of grazing by Scottish shepherds. He is originally from Scotland, and their closest ancestors are a race of imported Polish shepherds in 1514.

    The history of the Collie-as we have said in another post of race– is a mixture of reality and legend. One story recounts that Kazimierz Grabski, a Polish merchant, went to Scotland in 1514 in order to negotiate a shipment of grain for sheep in several pastors, apparently brought six copies of pastoral dogs (Poles) it performed tasks of grazing in his native Poland, and at the destination they would help to move the cattle. A Scottish Shepherd, He was so impressed with the ability of herding dogs of Kazimierz Grabski, which changed several sheep by some of those six dogs. Y, was that, These Polish shepherds dogs were bred with the local dogs from Scotland and from there was born the beautiful Bearded Collie. This is one of the theories.

    Read moreBearded collie

    Border Collie
    Gran Bretaña FCI 297

    Border Collie

    The Border Collie He is regarded as the most intelligent dog breed that exists

    Content

    History

    The Border Collie It was developed in the Highlands of Scotland lands with the end of pasture for days in the toughest terrain and more variable climate.

    The forerunner of this breed arrived in the British Isles between the 5th century BC. and I BC. now that some of the communities Celts who crossed Europe settled in Ireland with their cattle and their dogs. Hence comes the name Collie, “useful” in Welsh, language of these people.

    These groups were then moved to the Scottish region where arose the race of the Highland Collie giving it birth later in the area between Scotland and England, to the Border Collie (the English: “The useful dog of the border“).

    Physical characteristics

    The Border Collie is a dog of medium size, well proportioned, that can weigh between 16 and 23 kg. It has a double cloak of hair that supports various colors, variations of black, toasted and white though white should never be the predominant color, the fur is impermeable, It can be dense and coarse, or dense, soft. The body has athletic appearance, low chest, strong and agile.

    The altitude varies between 46,5 and 56 cm for males and between 46 and 53 centimeters in females. The tail is moderately long, slightly curved, well populated, with a lock of his hair white at the end of the same.

    There are two coat varieties, moderately long and short. In both, the outer layer is dense and has a medium texture; the inner layer is dense and soft, which gives it good protection against the inclement weather. In dogs that have a moderately long fur, the abundant hair is Manes, fringes and tail brush. In the face, ears, previous members (except for the fringes) and later members from hocks to the ground, the hair should be short and smooth.

    Character and skills

    He is loyal to his own and especially who take as leader, with who comes to forge an unconditional link. His gaze is one of its main features, in the moments of work never apart from its leader, denoting a capacity of rare focus on the rest of dog breeds. He is happy when working, enjoy doing it.

    According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges (“"The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Border Collie is the No. 1 from the list.

    It is a clever dog, very acute hearing, with a broad response capacity but, above all, It has a great agility and is owner of extreme intelligence, both functional and obedience.

    His strong herding instinct, coupled with his tenacity and resistance, It places it among the most required to bring races, controlling and driving flocks, proving the best breed of dog existing pastor.

    El Border Collie está considerado como la raza de perros más inteligente que existe, next to the Golden Retriever and to the German Shepherd, that is why it is so easy to train.

    It´s awake, vigilant, responsive and intelligent. Affectionate and docile, sociable with humans and other animals. He possesses an innate curiosity. It is a working dog and requires exercise in large or open spaces. You need to feel that it is part of a group and it has a function in the same. As it is a breed of grazing need daily physical activity.

    Slender, regular and easy, raising little toes, which gives the impression that move furtively and at high speed. The Agility It is a sport open to all those people who have one or more dogs (Whatever your race, with or without pedigree). It consists of dogs led by their guides are able to overcome a series of obstacles in order to put in evidence the intelligence, obedience, concentration, sociability and agility.

    Border Collie stands out in this sport for both physical and mental characteristics. If any of these tests has been occasionally observed, It has not been avoided to realize that the Border Collie are present in many of them and they end up always doing well.

    Did You Know?

    The Border Collies are known as herding dogs, but a Border Collie currently holds the Guinness World Record for the fastest open window car for a dog. Striker, a Border Collie Hungary, non electric opened window 11,34 seconds. Awesome!

    The Border Collie Ratings

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Border Collie” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Exercise Needs ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Border Collie pictures

    Vídeos Border Collie

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs ) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial.
    • FCI 297
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • FCI nomenclature of the Border Collie breed
    • BORDER COLLIE FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Scottish Sheepdog (English).
      2. Border collie (French).
      3. Border collie (German).
      4. collie da fronteira (Portuguese).
      5. Collie de la frontera, Collie fronterizo (Spanish).

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