Golden Retriever
Escocia FCI 111 . Retrievers

Golden Retriever

The development of Golden Retriever it's quite slow. He does not physically become an adult until 18 months of age.



The origin of the “Golden Retriever”, a specialized hunter in charge of returning the hunted game, it is quite discussed.

It may have originated in the Caucasus Mountains, where he was raised from a group of dogs related to him Leonberger, and then brought to Britain in the 19th century, or that it descends from a couple of dogs bought in 1858 to a Russian circus for a future English lord, Sir Dudley Marjoribanks.

Wavy Coated Terrier
Wavy Coated Terrier (We)

Behind the myth, we know that this man, also known as Lord Tweedmouth, I raised dogs since 1835. It is said that he made a decisive crossing between two subjects destined to become the great ancestors of the Golden Retriever. In fact, tenía un Wavy Coated Terrier yellow, called Nous, así como una hembra Tweed Water Spaniel, called belle. En una fotografía en la que Nous posa, we discovered a curly dog, whose size, bone structure and head appear powerful.

In 1868, Lord Tweedmouth apareó a Nous y Belle. The historic litter is born. It is made up of a male, called crocus, and three females, There is, Primrose y Cowslip. El criador continúa entonces un paciente trabajo de selección endogámica con dos hembras amarillas y otro Tweed Water, a male named Tweed. In this lineage there are two black Retrievers, Sambo and Tracer, a Irish Setter, Sampson, así como un Bloodhound sand-colored. Este trabajo de selección quedó registrado en su libro de cría, preserved today by the English Kennel Club.

The Lord's goal was to create a race that would meet the requirements of a “gentleman farmer“, that is to say, a dog with an impeccable nose for hunting waterfowl, but also with excellent skills in fields as varied as rescue or assistance to people with disabilities. Tenía que ser un compañero inteligente y leal, be patient with children and calm at home.

In 1903, the English Kennel Club accepted the registration of the first Goldens, registered as Flat-coated Retriever variety Golden.

El inglés Winifired Charlesworth, which contributed greatly to the recognition of the Flat-coated Retriever like a different race, wrote the first standard for the breed Golden Retriever in 1910.

In 1911 created the Golden Retriever Club of England and the English Kennel Club recognized the Golden Retriever as a race in its own right.

In France, the Retrievers most common were Labradors, and only in the decade of 1930, a través de la cría, the first appeared Golden Retriever in the territory. A first French litter was officially registered with the English Kennel Club in 1934, produced by the Conde Jules de Bonvouloir (with affix “of Saint-Jean-du-Bois“). Este último llegó a ser presidente del Retriever Club de Francia en los años 40.

The popularity of the Golden Retriever grew dramatically from the end of the years 80, becoming one of the favorite dogs of the French for its friendly nature, franco, playful and helpful.

Physical characteristics

The Golden Retriever is similar in appearance to Labrador Retriever. It is a harmonious dog, powerful and robust, but with a soft expression. His head is wide, his nose is black and his eyes, very separate, are dark brown. His ears are medium in size and hanging, placed at eye level. The tail is carried over the back, does not curl and reaches the hock.

The coat of the Golden it's thick and silky. Hair is straight or wavy, fringed. The undercoat is thick and the exudate (a kind of fat secreted by the skin) lo hace muy impermeable y lo protege del frío, so the Golden puede permanecer mucho tiempo en arroyos y ríos sin ningún problema, even in winter.

The webbed shape of its legs also makes it easy to retrieve waterfowl.

The coat colors accepted by the standard are creamy white to dark gold. Snow white colors are not supported, Mahogany, chocolate or black.

Size and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 56 a 61 cm.
    ▷ female size: Of 51 a 56 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: Of 29 a 31 kg
    ▷ female weight: Of 25 a 27 kg

Character and skills

The Golden Retriever he is naturally meek, friendly and devoted to his caretaker. If as a puppy it can be exuberant, as an adult it is a calm and serene dog, who feels true passion for his family, of which he is considered a full member, to the point of overflowing with love for children. For its gentle character, suits young families and older people alike.

He is a tireless playmate, a dog full of life, who cannot stand loneliness and needs a presence by his side. Therefore, will be unhappy if separated too often from their masters. Sometimes has a side “sticky”, he likes to please his master by bringing slippers or mail, for example. To put it plainly, complacer a su dueño también se complace a sí mismo.

The Golden Retriever do not have a natural guardian instinct and come into contact with strangers, both humans and animals, quite easily.

The Golden Retriever it is one of the most intelligent dog breeds, since he understands everything that happens around him.

Although they prefer the countryside, the Golden Retriever they also adapt very well to living in an apartment, siempre que se les den largos paseos varias veces al día. In fact, whether it rains or it is windy, you need to do exercise.


Despite her soft mischievous eyes, the Golden Retriever needs a gentle and firm education at the same time. In effect, he is a real comedian, and before her charming eyes, uno pronto se deja abrumar por un amor que crece cada día, but what can make one go blind.

As the Golden Retriever he's a bit stubborn when he's young, su educación debe hacerse mediante el estímulo y no la coacción. Otherwise, his stubborn and somewhat independent character will resurface, making it difficult to re-establish trust between the owner and the dog.

Last, the Golden Retriever usually have a very good relationship with others Golden Retriever, but it is important to socialize it as soon as possible.


The development of Golden Retriever it's quite slow. He does not physically become an adult until 18 months of age, and your character will stabilize around the 4 years, or even more in some individuals. Its growth must be closely monitored, especially in the skeleton. As with all large dog breeds, es preferible evitarle los saltos y las escaleras mientras es un cachorro para no arriesgarse a dañar el cartílago de sus articulaciones.

The Golden Retriever is also predisposed:

  • Patella dislocation and torn cruciate ligaments;
  • certain diseases of the musculoskeletal system (Hip Dysplasia, elbow dysplasia);
  • Certain eye diseases (congenital and hereditary cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy…);
  • Certain skin diseases (atopia, dermatitis piotraumática, ictiosis…);
  • Piometrio, a severe uterine infection affecting older, unspayed females.

What's more, the Golden Retriever is especially prone to Hip Dysplasia. It is advisable to ensure that the parents are free of these conditions when buying a puppy, requesting the creator of Golden Retriever radiografías y pruebas de detección de los padres.

Last, in regards to the atopia, there is a racial component and not only a family. Therefore, this condition can be triggered even if the parents are free of it.

Life expectancy

Of 10 a 12 years


The Golden Retriever have moderate hair loss, even during its annual molt.

However, it is advisable to brush it weekly to detect possible parasites and spikelets, and even daily during the shedding period.

On the other hand, it is preferable not to wash the dog too often, as there is a risk of damaging the natural protection formed by its rough undercoat and oozing.

Last, like the ears of the Golden Retriever están caídas, they are fragile. Thus, se recomienda limpiarlos regularmente con productos adecuados para evitar las infecciones de oído.


The Golden Retriever, a race created for this purpose, is primarily a hunting dog, who likes to return game pieces to his master, preferably dead, y a menudo caídas en el agua. What's more, naturally gifted for work, swimming is his favorite sport.

But the Golden Retriever es también uno de los perros de compañía más populares.

What's more, It is often used for its qualities as a support dog for patients, disabled assistance dog, perro guía para ciegos, but also as a rubble dog, de búsqueda de drogas o de bombas.

Last, the Golden Retriever también son muy solicitados hoy en día como perros de exposición.


The purchase price of a Golden Retriever oscila entre los 500€ y los 1000€ y su mantenimiento oscila entre los 1400 and 1500 EUR.

Characteristics "Golden Retriever"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Golden Retriever" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Golden Retriever"


1 – One Golden Retriever male with a tennis ball by Scott Beckner, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Golden Retriever by
3 – Golden Retriever by
4 – Golden Retriever by I, Willybu, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Puppy Golden Retriever / young dog in the North Sea (Scheveningen, Hague, Netherlands) by Dirk Vorderstraße, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Portrait of male Golden Retriever of 3 years by Johan Spaedtke, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Golden Retriever"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 1: Retrievers. With proof of work..


  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs

FCI breed standard "Golden Retriever"

FCIFCI - Golden Retriever

Alternative names:

    1. Golden (English).
    2. Retriever Golden (French).
    3. Golden (German).
    4. Golden (Portuguese).
    5. Cobrador dorado (español).
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