Golden Retriever
Escocia FCI 111 . Retrievers

Golden Retriever

The development of Golden Retriever it's quite slow. He does not physically become an adult until 18 months of age.

Content

History

The origin of the “Golden Retriever”, a specialized hunter in charge of returning the hunted game, it is quite discussed.

It may have originated in the Caucasus Mountains, where he was raised from a group of dogs related to him Leonberger, and then brought to Britain in the 19th century, or that it descends from a couple of dogs bought in 1858 to a Russian circus for a future English lord, Sir Dudley Marjoribanks.

Wavy Coated Terrier
Wavy Coated Terrier (We)

Behind the myth, we know that this man, also known as Lord Tweedmouth, I raised dogs since 1835. It is said that he made a decisive crossing between two subjects destined to become the great ancestors of the Golden Retriever. In fact, had a Wavy Coated Terrier yellow, called Nous, as well as a female Tweed Water Spaniel, called belle. In a photograph in which Nous poses, we discovered a curly dog, whose size, bone structure and head appear powerful.

In 1868, Lord Tweedmouth apareó a Nous y Belle. The historic litter is born. It is made up of a male, called crocus, and three females, There is, Primrose y Cowslip. The breeder then continues a patient inbreeding selection work with two yellow females and another Tweed Water, a male named Tweed. In this lineage there are two black Retrievers, Sambo and Tracer, a Irish Setter, Sampson, as well as a Bloodhound sand-colored. This selection work was recorded in his breeding book, preserved today by the English Kennel Club.

The Lord's goal was to create a race that would meet the requirements of a “gentleman farmer“, namely, a dog with an impeccable nose for hunting waterfowl, but also with excellent skills in fields as varied as rescue or assistance to people with disabilities. He had to be a smart and loyal companion, be patient with children and calm at home.

In 1903, the English Kennel Club accepted the registration of the first Goldens, registered as Flat-coated Retriever variety Golden.

English Winifired Charlesworth, which contributed greatly to the recognition of the Flat-coated Retriever like a different race, wrote the first standard for the breed Golden Retriever in 1910.

In 1911 created the Golden Retriever Club of England and the English Kennel Club recognized the Golden Retriever as a race in its own right.

In France, the Retrievers most common were Labradors, and only in the decade of 1930, through breeding, the first appeared Golden Retriever in the territory. A first French litter was officially registered with the English Kennel Club in 1934, produced by the Conde Jules de Bonvouloir (with affix “of Saint-Jean-du-Bois“). The latter became president of the Retriever Club of France in the years 40.

The popularity of the Golden Retriever grew dramatically from the end of the years 80, becoming one of the favorite dogs of the French for its friendly nature, franco, playful and helpful.

Physical characteristics

The Golden Retriever is similar in appearance to Labrador Retriever. It is a harmonious dog, powerful and robust, but with a soft expression. His head is wide, his nose is black and his eyes, very separate, are dark brown. His ears are medium in size and hanging, placed at eye level. The tail is carried over the back, does not curl and reaches the hock.

The coat of the Golden it's thick and silky. Hair is straight or wavy, fringed. The undercoat is thick and the exudate (a kind of fat secreted by the skin) makes it very waterproof and protects it from the cold, so the Golden can stay long in streams and rivers without any problem, even in winter.

The webbed shape of its legs also makes it easy to retrieve waterfowl.

The coat colors accepted by the standard are creamy white to dark gold. Snow white colors are not supported, Mahogany, chocolate or black.

Size and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 56 - 61 cm.
    ▷ Female size: Of 51 - 56 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: Of 29 - 31 kg
    ▷ Female weight: Of 25 - 27 kg

Character and skills

The Golden Retriever he is naturally meek, friendly and devoted to his caretaker. If as a puppy it can be exuberant, as an adult it is a calm and serene dog, who feels true passion for his family, of which he is considered a full member, to the point of overflowing with love for children. For its gentle character, suits young families and older people alike.

He is a tireless playmate, a dog full of life, who cannot stand loneliness and needs a presence by his side. Therefore, will be unhappy if separated too often from their masters. Sometimes has a side “sticky”, he likes to please his master by bringing slippers or mail, for example. To put it plainly, pleasing its owner also pleasing himself.

The Golden Retriever do not have a natural guardian instinct and come into contact with strangers, both humans and animals, quite easily.

The Golden Retriever it is one of the most intelligent dog breeds, since he understands everything that happens around him.

Although they prefer the countryside, the Golden Retriever they also adapt very well to living in an apartment, provided they are given long walks several times a day. In fact, whether it rains or it is windy, you need to do exercise.

Education

Despite her soft mischievous eyes, the Golden Retriever needs a gentle and firm education at the same time. In effect, he is a real comedian, and before her charming eyes, one is soon overwhelmed by a love that grows every day, but what can make one go blind.

As the Golden Retriever he's a bit stubborn when he's young, their education should be done through encouragement and not coercion. Otherwise, his stubborn and somewhat independent character will resurface, making it difficult to re-establish trust between the owner and the dog.

Last but not least, the Golden Retriever usually have a very good relationship with others Golden Retriever, but it is important to socialize it as soon as possible.

Health

The development of Golden Retriever it's quite slow. He does not physically become an adult until 18 months of age, and your character will stabilize around the 4 years, or even more in some individuals. Its growth must be closely monitored, especially in the skeleton. As with all large dog breeds, it is preferable to avoid jumps and stairs while he is a puppy so as not to risk damaging the cartilage of his joints.

The Golden Retriever is also predisposed:

  • Patella dislocation and torn cruciate ligaments;
  • certain diseases of the musculoskeletal system (Hip Dysplasia, elbow dysplasia);
  • Certain eye diseases (congenital and hereditary cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy…);
  • Certain skin diseases (atopia, dermatitis piotraumática, ictiosis…);
  • Piometrio, a severe uterine infection affecting older, unspayed females.

In addition, the Golden Retriever is especially prone to Hip Dysplasia. It is advisable to ensure that the parents are free of these conditions when buying a puppy, requesting the creator of Golden Retriever X-rays and screening tests of parents.

Last but not least, in regards to the atopia, there is a racial component and not only a family. Therefore, this condition can be triggered even if the parents are free of it.

Life expectancy

Of 10 - 12 years

Grooming

The Golden Retriever have moderate hair loss, even during its annual molt.

However, it is advisable to brush it weekly to detect possible parasites and spikelets, and even daily during the shedding period.

On the other hand, it is preferable not to wash the dog too often, as there is a risk of damaging the natural protection formed by its rough undercoat and oozing.

Last but not least, like the ears of the Golden Retriever they are down, they are fragile. For this reason, it is recommended to clean them regularly with suitable products to avoid ear infections.

Use

The Golden Retriever, a race created for this purpose, is primarily a hunting dog, who likes to return game pieces to his master, preferably dead, and often falls into the water. In addition, naturally gifted for work, swimming is his favorite sport.

But the Golden Retriever it is also one of the most popular companion dogs.

In addition, It is often used for its qualities as a support dog for patients, disabled assistance dog, guide dog for the blind, but also as a rubble dog, search for drugs or bombs.

Last but not least, the Golden Retriever they are also in high demand today as show dogs.

Price

The purchase price of a Golden Retriever ranges between € 500 and € 1000 and its maintenance ranges between 1400 and 1500 EUR.

Characteristics “Golden Retriever”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Golden Retriever” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Golden Retriever”

Photos:

1 – A Golden Retriever male with a tennis ball by Scott Beckner, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Golden Retriever by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Golden_retriever.jpg
3 – Golden Retriever by https://es.m.wikiquote.org/wiki/Archivo:Callie_the_golden_retriever_puppy.jpg
4 – Golden Retriever by I, Willybu, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Puppy Golden Retriever / young dog in the North Sea (Scheveningen, Hague, Netherlands) by Dirk Vorderstrasse, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Portrait of male Golden Retriever of 3 years by Johan Spaedtke, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Golden Retriever”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 111
  • Group 8: Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
  • Section 1: Retrievers. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs

FCI breed standard “Golden Retriever”

FCIFCI – “Golden Retriever”
Golden Retriever FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Golden (English).
    2. Retriever Golden (French).
    3. Golden (German).
    4. Golden (Portuguese).
    5. Cobrador dorado (Spanish).
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