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Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog
Marruecos FCI 247 - Molossoid . Mountain

aidi

The Aidi is highly energetic, protective and extremely vigilant. Despite its resemblance to Sheepdogs, The Aidi is not one of them because there are no sheepdogs from the Atlas.

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Rafeiro of Alentejo
Portugal FCI 96 - Molossoid . Mountain

Rafeiro of Alentejo

The Rafeiro of Alentejo It is an excellent watchdog in the haciendas and houses of the Alentejo.

Content

History

The Rafeiro of Alentejo (Alentejo Mastiff), as the name reflects, comes from the Portuguese region of Alentejo, extending south of the Tagus River to the Algarve. The pedigree dog, that within the FCI belongs to the Group 2 (Molossoid), Mountain Dogs subsection, has a long history as a herding dog. Although little is known about the exact origin of this rare breed, their parents are supposed to be found in the molossian dogs of the Middle East. The Estrela Mountain Dog (Star Mountain Dog), also from portugal, was probably also involved in its origin.

In the Alentejo lowlands, shepherds used the Rafeiro of Alentejo to herd and drive cattle. It also, the intrepid four-legged friend protected the flock entrusted to him by reliably avoiding attacks by wild animals or rustlers. Especially at night the Rafeiro of Alentejo defended his flock to the blood. The wealthy large landowners appreciated the imposing dog not only as a vigilant protector, but also as a status symbol of strength and power.

As industrialization advanced and the large latifundia decreased, the rafeiro it got weirder. In the early 20th century, dogs of this type were almost extinct. But, a small circle of enthusiasts ensured that the breed was preserved. In 1940 a first breed standard was established. 14 years later, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) finally recognized the breed.

Physical characteristics

When the Rafeiro of Alentejo, cattle thieves and wild animals quickly flee: Who would want to mess with such a big and powerful dog?

With a height at the withers of up to 76 cm and a weight of approximately 50 kg, the Portuguese breed dog has a very striking appearance. His massive head and strong, muscular body give a defensive impression.. Look calmly at your opponent with small brown eyes, between which there is a slight groove, but nothing escapes your watchful eye.

Despite its bulky shape and somewhat heavy and slow gait, the body of the Rafeiro of Alentejo seems to be rather long than wide. The neck offers a good transition to the shoulder, the back is straight. The tail is well furnished and thickened at the base, rather low and forms a slight upward curve when excited. In rest position it reaches to the hock. Ears of the Rafeiro they are medium in size and fall to one side when folded.

The dense and smooth coat of the Portuguese Sheepdog is short to medium length and has abundant undercoat, giving you reliable protection in all weather conditions. The Rafeiro of Alentejo it is available in black, gray wolf, leonado or yellow with or without white spots. A white base color with yellow spots is also allowed., as well as brindle specimens according to the breed standard.

Character and skills

At night, the Rafeiro of Alentejo he is in his best moment: nothing escapes your watchful eye, his good sense of smell and his excellent ears. Anyone who dares to enter their territory is captured without notice and, if required, wholesale. Pastors who have a Rafeiro they no longer have to fear rustlers or poachers.

Like a purebred dog, whose sole task is to accompany and protect his family, the Portuguese breed dog is completely unsuitable. Although he is faithful and loyal to his family, his innate sharpness is difficult to control even with consistent upbringing. After all, the intelligent and self-confident Rafeiro of Alentejo has always been used to working and acting independently. But, the will to subordinate and obedience are not among its strong points.

Who wants to keep a Rafeiro of Alentejo You must be able to offer him a large territory in which his watchful and protective instinct can live according to his mood. This does not mean, of course, that one should just let this dog go. A responsible owner socializes and educates his dog from the beginning. Shows you clearly who holds the reins in your hand and where your limits are. At the same time, he also accepts that his four-legged friend needs his freedom. The Rafeiro will never become a “good lap dog”.

Buy a “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

Those interested in a Rafeiro of Alentejo Purebreds sometimes have to go a long way to find a suitable breeder. But, people who want to buy this dog on a whim, should refrain from buying it. The Rafeiro it is and continues to be an excellent herd dog and should be kept in that context. Who wants to make it a suitable companion dog for the family, You are not doing yourself or the dog any favors..

Health and life expectancy of “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

The typical diseases of the breed are hardly known due to the low propagation of the breed. The Rafeiro it is a very robust dog whose life expectancy is comparatively high, of 12 to 14 years. But, like all dogs of their size and format, You may also have joint problems such as hip joint dysplasia or elbow dysplasia.

The diet of the “Rafeiro of Alentejo”

In principle, this breed has no specific dietary needs. But, a balanced and healthy diet is, of course, also important for this dog – also or especially regarding possible joint problems. So, following the high energy puppy diet, a fairly low protein food should be given first to prevent the young dog from growing too quickly. In the adult dog, the energy value of the food can increase again. Now, fresh meat, through which the necessary amount of animal protein is absorbed, should mainly fill the feeding bowl. Fresh vegetables and rice are suitable as a healthy garnish. Fish can be given as an alternative to meat.

Characteristics "Rafeiro of Alentejo"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Rafeiro of Alentejo" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – FSS
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Rafeiro of Alentejo"

FCIFCI - Rafeiro of Alentejo
Rafeiro

Alternative names:

1. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Alentejo-Mastiff, alentejo mastiff (English).
2. mâtin de l’Alentejo, mastiff de l’Alentejo (French).
3. Rafeiro do Alentejo, Rafeiro, Alentejo-Mastiff (German).
4. Mastim Português, Mastim do Alentejo (Portuguese).
5. Mastín del Alentejo (español).

Photos:

1 – Rafeiro of Alentejo by https://brit-petfood.com/hr/node/8006

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Hovawart
Alemania FCI 190 - Molossoid . Mountain

Hovawart

The term Hovawart derived from medieval german, in which -hova- meant “Court” and -wart-, “guardian”.

Content

History

The dog as guardian of the house and the courtyard has an ancient tradition in the history of humanity. Maybe thousands of years ago, private ownership of the house and yard, goods and workshops could only be established with the help of the protective role of dogs. The four-legged court guards were already highly regarded by the Teutons, which is reflected in the various laws of the last Teutonic. Of the 24 articles of the Law of Baiuvariorum, an entire article is dedicated only to dogs. Here, plus a dozen other dog breeds, the court dog is explicitly mentioned as “Houvavart”. The Houvavart was valued at 3 shillings. It was a huge amount, if you consider that in the same body of law a horse “mediocre” was valued at only half a shilling. The Hovawarts are also mentioned in various writings from the Middle Ages.

The Hovawart Today is in the intellectual and functional tradition of these old court dogs. Regarding their genetic offspring, will not be more or less related to them than the other breeds of guard dogs and native dogs. Building a direct line of descent to the old Hovavart would not be permissible, especially since it is not known at all what these dogs looked like.

After 1910 the Hovawart but without a description of the appearance. Over the years 20 established itself as a breed of dog.

In the FCI breed standard of 1998 It is said that:

“Since 1912 the reproduction of this breed has been using similar type dogs that are still in farms to restore the breed. apart from this, at the beginning of the crossing, you cross them with German shepherds, Newfoundland, Leonberger and other races were admitted. In addition to the strict measures taken in the breeders, the type of work was obtained again.”

It also, crossed the hungarian watchdog Kuvasz, what is important to understand the nature of Hovawart. After having almost died out, after the first world war, the breed was recovered by the kinophile K. F. König. In a span of time, what had been done very successfully thousands of years before was rebuilt here. Like, but mostly of the nature the right dogs were mated. The decisive criterion was performance for the intended purpose, so to speak, the work championship. It is quite possible that the Hovawart current look like the old ones Hovawart of our ancestors by this procedure of appearance and nature, but that is speculation. Only in 1944 breeding book closed. So a vast gene pool was created as the basis for this breed of dog., which is still very useful for your health and fitness today.

Physical characteristics

The Hovawart is a big dog, strong and at the same time quite thin. With the Hovi nowadays three strokes of color are allowed: Rubio, black marks (black with gold brown markings) black and white. Males have a height to the cross of 63 to 70 cm.. Considering its type and size, the Hovawart is thinner than it appears underneath its medium long wavy coat. So, a weight of 30 to 45 kg is considered normal for males. Despite this not so high weight, it is a very powerful and strong dog. Only for its strength and size it belongs to a hand with experience in dogs. The Hovawart he's a working dog, Guard and protection.

Character and skills

The character of Hovawart demands a person with a strong dog mind. He has a strong will, a head of its own and is very independent. Probably an heir to the pack guard dog, Kuvasz, who is one of his ancestors. He is self-assured and self-assured at the same time. The “desire to please” not as strong on him as on many other working dog breeds. Your master or caretaker still has to work and earn it. then a Hovawart well educated he is an extremely efficient off-roader and a lovely friend. Master the role of companion dog suitable for everyday life, as well as your challenges in dog sports or even as a rescue and tracking dog. He has a very good nose. Yes, and the Hovawart it is also an excellent watchdog and protection dog.

He is a defensive protector of his family and diligently protects his territory. He moves silently on the ground and faces an intruder suddenly but persistently. With built-in yard dog, the Hovawart not fully occupied, especially since today you have to monitor hardly a large enough area. He is intelligent and seeks true association with his caregiver. At the same time it is affectionate and sensitive and at the same time it radiates something primitive, archaic.

Wants and seeks connection with family. Like a well-behaved and demanded working dog, the Hovawart it is also an excellent family dog. Often rejoices with petting and hitting like a little lapdog. He is very friendly and gentle with the people he has taken to his heart. Once you meet them, will never forget them. When he is young he shows his affection sometimes very stormy.

The Hovawart it is a low maintenance dog. Apart from the change of coat, it does not need to be brushed every day., because her coat doesn't tend to tangle due to the small amount of undercoat. Well educated and managed he is an excellent companion. But, cannot be recommended as a family dog ​​without further ado. If you are thinking of having a puppy Hovawart for the first time, must first consider practical challenges, they are only related to their strength and size. Not a beginner dog.

Hovawart Education

The Hovawart develops creativity and perseverance to realize his ideas about the world and its order. Here the owner of the dog is challenged with all the consequences, but paired with patience and empathy. And this already with the puppy. Hardness alone does not help the Hovawart at all. It is important to create and maintain trust, that the Hovawart wants to show his pack leader. By the way, pack leader: One Hovawart usually test thoroughly, who will take this position. Here its owner must assert himself with the consequent insouciance, then he will follow faithfully and with good behavior and accept the leadership of his humans without problems.

One must bring with him time and knowledge for an intensive education and, the best of all, training. If one loses the basic elements of education, you will hardly be able to go for a walk with him without stress. Then your self-confidence could even become a leadership statement.. Otherwise, the Hovawart it's the ideal companion dog image. He wants his humans to guide him, but without ever being submissive. The Hovawart maintains its own head and its own will. For some people this is perhaps too much of their own personality. But only this profile of the Hovawart can be an excellent basis for a respectful and intense human-dog relationship.

Hovawart Health and Care

The Hovawart it is a low maintenance dog. Except in times of coat change, twice a year, needs to be brushed regularly but not every day, because his coat does not tend to tangle due to the low amount of undercoat.

The Hovawart it is considered a completely healthy breed. Hereditary diseases are systematically fought, such as knee joint cartilage disease (OCD), which is more common in Hovawarts. Dysplasia of the hip joint (HD) “often a problem especially with large dogs” has been under control for a long time.

Nutrition / Food

The Hovawart they don't make any special demands. He is consistently straightforward. For a dog of its size and strength it needs little food.

Hovawart life expectancy

The Hovawarts can reach 12 years and not rarely even more with a good physical condition. It is a good life expectancy for such a large dog.

Buy a Hovawart

Puppies should only be purchased from an FCI registered breeder. For a puppy you should plan to 800 to 1000 EUR. The adult dogs of Hovawart they can also be taken out of shelter or emergency aid and offered a loving home..

Images "Hovawart"

Photos:

1 – Hovawart by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hovawart-perro-perro-de-raza-pura-2611448/
2 – Hovawart black and tan by Faigl.ladislav / CC BY-SA
3 – Hovawart by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-hovawart-negro-marrón-1194081/
4 – The three permitted colours of the Hovawart by Oxborrow / Public domain
5 – Blond Hovawart female (10 months) by Faigl.ladislav / CC BY-SA
6 – Hovawart by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xxpba

Videos "Hovawart"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – FSS
  • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Hovawart"

FCIFCI - Hovawart
Hovawart

Alternative names:

1. Hovie (English).
2. Hovawart (French).
3. Hovawart (German).
4. Hovawart (Portuguese).
5. Hovie (español).

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Karst Shepherd
Eslovenia FCI 278 - Molossoid . Mountain

Karst Shepherd

The Karst Shepherd a typical guard dog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd.

Content

History

The Karst Shepherd It is a breed that has existed for several centuries and belongs to the group of molosoids. Probably, This dog followed the Illyrian tribe in their migration through Styria and the Dalmatian islands and settled in the Slovenian region of the Karst Massif.. The first time that race is referred to in writing is in 1689, in the book of Baron Janez Vajkart Valvasor entitled « The glory of the duchy of Carniole ». The breed and its standard were officially recognized on 2 in June of 1939 with the name of " Iliria Shepherd » during the general assembly of the F.C.I. in stockholm. During the F.C.I general assembly. in Bled-Slovenia in 1948, the standard was completed and the breed recognized again. But, to 16 in March of 1968, the Iliria Shepherd from the Karst massif, bore the same name as the Shepherd of the Sarplanina massif. In front of two shepherd dogs with the same name, the Yugoslav Central Society decided to name the one from the Karst region "Shepherd of the Karst Massif" and the other " Sarplaninac ». Since then, these two races are totally independent.

Physical characteristics

Externally, the Karst Shepherd they are hardly distinguishable from those of Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina. They are on average slightly smaller than their relatives who live further south, but the height at the withers accepted for breeding is the same for both breeds.

It is a dog's size medium, harmoniously built, robust, with well-developed muscles and a strong constitution.

The head is big, with powerful teeth. The eyes are almendrados, brown or almost black. The ears are inserted moderately high and fall flat in the form of “V”. The tail, wide at the base, takes the form of a saber, drawing a light hook with the tip should reach the hock.
Fur: quite long, reaches the 14 cm.; the undercoat is well developed.

  • Color: grey iron. A dark shade is preferable on the cross; towards the abdomen and feet the color changes without visible transition to light gray or even sand color, with a dark gray band across the lower extremities. The dark mask on the head surrounded by beige gray hair.
  • Size: males, of 57 to 63 cm. (ideal 60 cm.); females, of 54 to 60 cm. (ideal 57 cm.).

Character and skills

The Karst Shepherd he is a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd. It is very territorial, brave and vigilant, but without biting. He is distrustful and even hostile to strangers, but a loyal and devoted companion of his master and his family.

The born Guardian needs early and careful socialization and loving but consistent education. He only submits to clear leadership.
Like all guard dogs, the Karst Shepherd is late development, reaches mental maturity only at 3-4 years.

He loves country life and being outdoors. Its ideal habitat is a house with a large parcel of land that it can monitor. With a close family relationship and a task that fits your natural waking instinct. The Karst Shepherd he is a nice companion dog, kind and also obedient, but he will never completely detach himself from his strong independence.

Overall Karst Shepherd It:

  • Incorruptible guard in the house
  • Does not get along with other dogs.
  • Patient, but still affectionate
  • Forgiving with children

Karst Shepherd Education and Maintenance

Only conditionally suitable for the city.
Outside the mountainous regions of Slovenia, these dogs are very rarely found. This is because, on the one hand, to his great need to move and, on the other hand, to the high demands of their education. The Karst Shepherd are more individual than other sheepdog breeds, since they are often left to their own devices in their “natural habitat” and protect herds independently. An experienced owner with a lot of patience and a sense of mind for your dog will have little trouble educating his Karst Shepherd towards an obedient and calm companion.

Karst Shepherd Health

The Karst Shepherd it's quite healthy for a sheepdog, but suffers from some typical problems of the breed. On average, they reach an age of 10 to 12 years and therefore become significantly older than most German shepherds. The Karst Shepherd, living in a family environment, they are less susceptible to disease than animals that have to sleep in kennels and are permanently exposed to the weather. Boredom is also a stressor and affects the mind and health of dogs..

Its claws must be shortened regularly.
They have sensitive ears that swell quickly.
Very long-growing dogs suffer more often from so-called dachshund paralysis (intervertebral disc disorders).
Dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints are also more common in these dogs..

Buy a Karst Shepherd

Several breeders of the Karst Shepherd they are members of the Dog Club of Southern and Eastern Europe.
Some Slovenian breeders offer their dogs for export.
Pay attention to good breeding conditions!!
Like the Karst Shepherd they are very rare outside of Slovenia, you will hardly be able to visit the breeder before buying. If you have the possibility, Combine buying a puppy with a multi-week vacation in Slovenia. If your puppy already knows you, you will feel much less stress during the transfer and during the first adaptation phase. You can also check the conservation conditions during a visit to the breeder.

Characteristics "Karst Shepherd"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Karst Shepherd" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Karst Shepherd"

Photos:

1 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
2 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
5 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

Videos "Karst Shepherd"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Karst Shepherd"

FCIFCI - Karst Shepherd
Pastor

Alternative names:

1. KARST SHEPHERD DOG, kraški ovčar, kraševec (English).
2. Kraski Ovcar (French).
3. Illyrischer Schäferhund (German).
4. Pastor da Ístria (Portuguese).
5. kraški ovčar (español).

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Landseer
Alemania Suiza CanadáFCI 226 - Molossoid . Mountain

Landseer

The nature of Landseer and Newfoundland is very similar, considering the first one as something more agile.

Content

History

The Landseer was created together with Newfoundland on the east coast of Canada. The great island of Newfoundland, located off the coast of Canada, gave his ancestors his name. Just 100 years the ways of Landseer they separated from those of Newfoundland. The reason was that they wanted to keep their skin color black and white.. More on this later. Who descended from the dogs of the Vikings of pre-Columbian times, from Spain or from the dogs of the Indians, are legends that remain untested. But, according to the current genetic map of canine breeds prepared in 2017 by an international group of researchers led by Heidi G. Parker, there is a close relationship with the recuperators, What, like the Labrador, come from the same area. Probably the ancestors of the Landseer or Newfoundland arrived in North America with the first European settlers.

The big dogs proved to be important helpers for fishermen and sealers in the cold waters of the North Atlantic., and were also occasionally useful in hunting bears and big game. It also, landowners or Landseers they carried loads and even as a draft dog they are said to provide exceptional services. Working with fishermen in extremely harsh weather was very demanding. The Landseer had to think, had to do heavy work on the networks, saved the lives of the castaways over and over again. In this way he developed the peculiarities of his being and his physique.. He accomplished amazing things in the service of humanity. The Landseers or landowners came to England over and over again with cod ships as early as the 18th and early 19th centuries. Here he became famous very early for his impressive achievements.

The famous poet Lord Byron put in 1808 your dear boatswain Landseer an impressive monument. He had the words engraved on his tombstone: “Here rest the bones of those who possessed beauty without vanity, strength without exuberance, courage without savagery, and all the virtues of man without his vices”. Here the greatness of character of these dogs is expressed, that can still be experienced today. The painter Sir Edwin Landseer immortalized his Newfoundlands black and white in oil several times around 1830. There is some evidence that dogs documented as Newfoundland Oh ya en Canis Earth News 1700 were predominantly black and white and that it was only later that the pure black or brown dogs that are typical of Newfoundland today. The black and white guy went out of style in England. But, Swiss and German cynologists and breeders brought the last good dogs from England and built a continental European breed.

To save these black and white dogs from Newfoundland, they were declared their own race around 1900, named after their famous painter “Landseer“. So this ancient type of dog with a great history was preserved for the world of dogs.. Since then, the Newfoundland and Landseers are raised separately. Later it is said that Kuvasz and Pyrenean Mountain Dogs were crossed to stabilize the white color of the soil.

In 1960 the Landseer (continental-european type) was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

Physical characteristics

According to the breed standard of the Landseer, You must give the impression of being a but powerful and well balanced. The legs are relatively longer than the black Newfoundland. The back is straight and strong. The hind legs and shoulders are muscular.

The upper layer must be long and as straight as possible, very dense and soft to the touch. The main color of the layer is white with various patches black in the rump, the neck, backsplash, belly, legs and the tail should be white.

The head should be black with the white snout and symmetric white extends from the snout to the head, ending with the white collar. It has a distinctive shape with a noble facial expression. The ears are medium-sized and eyes should be dark brown. the size of the Landseer will of 67 to 80 cm., and at birth weigh between 500 to 750 grams and at the age of 1 year can be reached despite 50 to 60 kg.

Like all mastiff-type breeds, the Landseer It is also grown very fast during its first year. Therefore one must be careful with the exercise, because if it becomes sedentary can suffer from overweight.

Character and skills

Throughout its development, and even at maturity (that is not until the dog is of 3 or 4 years of age), the Landseer is a very active dog who likes to do all kinds of activities. Swimming, for example, is your favorite activity. So when a Landseer smells and sees the water, already no boundaries, jump to the water.

The Landseer he is a very accommodating dog with his master. It is active, has good temperament, but it is not a nervous dog. It is a very confident dog, Intelligent, loyal to their own people, fairly mild in nature and, When they are given sufficient exercise outdoors, it attaches very well to home life. In general terms, most of Landseer they are very independent and have a mind of its own. The Landseer is very easy to train, much love and patience will be rewarded with a partner for life.

As we said in previous lines to most of the Landseer, they love water and walks, It is therefore necessary to fulfill these wishes to the dog. Being on the water takes it as a job, reason why can take advantage of these time to play to find objects, launch toy water to make it look, It can be one excellent training both for the owner and as for the dog. It is a good diver and with appropriate training, they are able to find objects in the bottom of any Lake. In this regard, It is good to note that if you want to go swimming with your Landseer you should keep in mind that, the dog will try to rescue and towed back to land. So, no doubt have to be careful to do this the first time. Basic training is required so that the dog knows when you are playing, and when not. Any other activity with the family is also something that the Landseer always wants to do.

When it comes to behaviour towards other dogs, children and people there is no problem. Especially the Landseer, they love to children.

It is good to socialize with other dogs puppies, because if he is male, It can be very dominant. But with a proper education, There will not be any problem.

Landseer Education

The Landseer can be educated very well. It is intelligent, interested and quickly understand what you are allowed to do and what you are not. Sometimes he takes it easy, but a little motivated he is very cooperative and tries to make his lord and master happy. The puppy should already show itself clearly and without exception where the hammer hangs. There should be no doubt about the orientation of your humans, as well as on the intimate relationship with.

Always keep in mind that this dog is the strongest and that orientation only works through unquestionable recognition. But with praise and consequences you can basically accomplish everything with it. On the basis of a good education you can even train very well at Landseer. Many Landseer are used as rescue dogs in the water, but also on earth. For this you can pass the work tests with water in the clubs.

Landseer Health and Care

The maintenance and care of the Landseer they are complex as with all big dogs. The dense and weather resistant layer should be brushed regularly with a special brush. Should not be sheared or trimmed.

The dogs of the breed Landseer like all large dogs they tend to hip joint dysplasia, twisting of the stomach. Due to their constitution and their dense fur they do not tolerate heat well.

Nutrition / Food

Like all large dogs, the Landseer needs a lot of good food. Especially in the growth phase you need professional nutritional planning. A high positioned food bowl is useful to counteract the risk of stomach twisting. You should always pay close attention to your weight.

Landseer's life expectancy

Life expectancy is between 10 and 12 years.

For sale Landseer

You should only purchase a puppy locally from a breeder who is affiliated with the FCI. Puppies of this breed cost between 1.500 and 2.000 EUR.

Images "Landseer"

Photos:

1 – Puppy landseer – 3 months old by OdinetPietra / CC BY-SA
2 – Landseer by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/548945
3 – Landseer by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/550456
4 – Cleo 11 months by Per Jensen – Flickr
5 – Landseer at PhotoEmotions (pixabay.com)
6 – Landseer by Katrina_S (pixabay.com)

Videos "Landseer"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.


FCI breed standard "Landseer"

FCIFCI - Landseer
Landseer

Alternative names:

1. LANDSEER (EUROPEAN CONTINENTAL TYPE) (English).
2. LANDSEER (TYPE CONTINENTAL-EUROPEEN) (French).
3. LANDSEER (EUROPÄISCH-KONTINENTALER TYP) (German).
4. LANDSEER (TIPO EUROPEU CONTINENTAL) (Portuguese).
5. LANDSEER (TIPO EUROPEO CONTINENTAL) (español).

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Pyrenean Mastiff
España FCI 92 - Molossoid . Mountain

Mastín del Pirineo

The Pyrenean Mastiff he is very tolerant and sweet with children, Watch them as if they were his flock.

Content

History

The Pyrenean Mastiff is a trotting dog breed, originally from the Aragonese Pyrenees (Spain). By its large size and strength the FCI included it within the Group 2 / Section 2 – molosoids and mountain dogs.

It comes, as all molosoides, Asian dog who came to Europe centuries ago. The first breed standard, It was approved only in the year 1946, since to date the breed had been totally ignored by the official dog world, even though the Pyrenean Mastiff, it had been from its first dawn a very important breed for local development, given that for centuries was used to defend livestock from the attack of bears and wolves.

For a long time the Pyrenean mastiff accompanied flocks of sheep on their transhumance routes from the Aragonese and Navarrese Pyrenees to the Maestrazgo. Its main function was the keep herds and their masters from attacks by wolves and thieves.

During the 20th century and especially after the Spanish civil war, due to economic difficulties, the Mastiff went into decline as it was very expensive to keep a dog of its size.

Over the years 70 a group of fans began a work to recover the breed through the few specimens that were in the field and that still had typical characteristics of the old Molossian.

In the year 1977 created the Spanish Pyrenean Mastiff Club, which organizes the selection and breeding program of the breed. Currently the breed has great international recognition as evidenced by the existence of clubs in many European countries and in the United States..

Physical characteristics

The Pyrenean Mastiff is a large size dog, well proportioned, powerful, muscular and skeletal structure compact. Its head is large, strong and slightly long, with a cráneo-hocico relationship of 5:4.

It has eyes small, almond-shaped, ranging from color avellana to dark brown (what is the most common). The ears are triangular, medium-sized and hanging attached to the head.

The tail is thick at the base, strong, flexible and hangs until the Hock.

Regard to the size, In fact, there is no maximum limit because the idea is that the specimens are as large as possible. But according to the standard, yes, there are some minimums that cannot be lowered. according to standard, years. At that time, the minimums are 77 cm for males (Although it is preferable that they be above the 81 cm.) and 72 cm for the Herms (Although it is preferable that they exceed the 75 cm.).

The the mantle of the Pyrenean Mastiff is thick and quite long (of 6 to 9 cm length). Being longer on the shoulders, the neck and belly. It is hair must be rough to the touch, not soft and woolly.

The color base is white, with a well-defined mask. Some examples are brands of the same color as the mask, irregularly shaped but with sharp contours.

Favorite colors (according to standard) for the mask, and stains are soft grey, intense Golden Fawn, Brown, black and grey silver.

The the tail and distal parts of the legs They must be always white.

Observations

It is a breed that is still in the reconstruction phase and on the recommendation of the Club del Pyrenean Mastiff from Spain, not yet been included in the show ring, because he is expected to make the media playback smoother.

Character and skills

Although at the beginning of their walks among us, the Pyrenean Mastiff was used as a guardian of livestock, the time change and animals over time, so today he is a perfect house keeper.

It is a dog aware of its strength and power, reason why never shows aggressiveness, But if you feel threatened, He or his family can be really fearsome.

Let's not forget that it protected livestock from wolves and bears...

Despite the passage of time, The Pyrenean Mastiff preserves its "rusticity" in full form and this means that it does not adapt well to life outside its natural environment, which is the countryside and its tenants..

For that reason, If we decide to integrate a Pyrenean Mastiff into our family, it will be important comply with it as it is, without imposing conditions of life that cercenen your happiness, how would it be… life in a small apartment in the middle of the city. That would play against your emotional balance, and with the size that has this dog, Perhaps the best is to have it happy and balanced (that all animal).

Something characteristic of the Pyrenean Mastiff is that wherever he is with children he is always sweet and very tolerant.. Because the converted part of his flock and the cares much.

He is also super careful with them, because as we said above, he is aware of his strength and might.

Images of the Pyrenean Mastiff

Videos of the Pyrenean Mastiff

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – Dogs working
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Pyrenean Mastiff"

FCIFCI - Pyrenean Mastiff
Mastiff

Alternative names:

1. Mostín d’o Pireneu, Mostín, Mostín d’Aragón, Mastí dell’Aragó, Gos ramader, Mastín Español del Pirineo (English).
2. Mastín del Pirineo (French).
3. Mastín del Pirineo (German).
4. Mastin d’Argon, Mastín del Pirineo (Portuguese).
5. Mastín del Pirineo (español).

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Spanish Mastiff
España FCI 91 - Molossoid . Mountain

Spanish Mastiff

The Spanish Mastiff, He is regarded as the oldest Spanish race.

Content

History

The Spanish Mastiff (also called Leonese Mastiff) is a breed of dog trotting type of large size, originally from Spain where it was abundant in almost the entire country and today is in a particular way in León, Zamora, Asturias and Cantabria. One of its varieties is the Pyrenean Mastiff.

This is a very old dog and like the other broadcast, descends from the molosser of Tibet (Tibetan Mastiff) He came to Europe via Asia minor.

Theories about the breed maintain that at least four thousand years ago the shepherds who inhabited the peninsula already used them as livestock guard dogs..

The natural resources and climate of the Iberian Peninsula gave rise to transhumance, for which reason, for many centuries the Spanish Mastiff has played the role of protector of flocks, especially from herds of 'merino sheep' whose history is closely linked to that of this dog breed. In some places it is known as the 'merinero dog' because it accompanies the Merino sheep..

The Spanish Mastiff, He is regarded as the oldest Spanish race.

The transhumant wandered through the royal canyons of León, crossing the Iberian Peninsula from North to South., and the Spanish Mastiff went with them defending the cattle from the attack of the wolf, the dog in addition to with its imposing nature, He had the protection of his abundant jowls as well as carlancas or carranclas, they are a species of thick metal with spiky necklaces.

Videos of the Spanish Mastiff
SPANISH MASTIFF. A NOBLE RACE.
Mastin Spanish /Spanish mastiff puppies in kennel Tornado Erben

At the end of the 19th century with the gradual disappearance of the grazing and transhumance, the Spanish Mastiff became 'unnecessary', if we add to that the Spanish Civil War and its consequent period of scarcity and -also- the sharp decline in the number of wolves, as a result we have that this breed of dog was on the verge of extinction.

During that time many specimens of Spanish Mastiff were sacrificed, Some were emasculated and other so many purchased by enthusiasts that breeders, guided more by love of the race than by knowledge, start you a totally disorganized parenting.

After the debacle, fortunately, the recovery of the breed has been achieved though with great difficulty.

The first standard of the Spanish Mastiff was approved by the International Cinological Federation in the year 1946, based on the characteristics of three specimens from central Spain, These specimens were a light type, that still remained in the cattle farms and that were also used for hunting big game, they were of good size, with long legs and her weight was around the 50 kg.

In 1981 a new standard was approved whose main objective was to recover the much larger Mastiff that was used in transhumance livestock.

That same year (1981) was founded the Spanish Association of the Spanish Mastiff Dog (AEPME) as official club of the breed.

Physical characteristics

It is a dog of large size, braquicéfalo and mesomorfo. Well proportioned, very powerful and muscular. Big and heavy, with skeleton compact.

There are no exact size limits., but they must be harmonious, in the males expected a height that not is lower to 77 cm. the cross and in the females, not less to 72 cm.. Those are the bare minimum., but always expected greater height.

The head is significantly large, has a cráneo-hocico relationship of 6:4. If we look at the skull from the top is a square and uniform.

It has eyes small, almond-shaped and hazelnut or chestnut colour.

It has the ears triangular, median, flat and pendants. The legs are long, straight and fitted with good musculature.

The tail, inserted at medium altitude is very thick, flexible and wears it down, arriving at the height of the Hock.

Its the mantle This thick a thick hair hard, semilargo and smooth. The colors the most prized hair are uniforms (or solids), they may be dirty white, leonado, reddish, black, gray wolf, brown. Are also supported in the standard the atigrados, or white spotted robes.

Observations

As it's a race in recovery process, is very difficult to find perfect copies (that is to say, adjusted completely to the standard).

It is not a dog suitable for beginners, but it could be a very rewarding challenge for some enthusiast with the desire to breed a dog with a long history and gigantic potential like the Spanish Mastiff..

Character and skills

The Spanish Mastiff is a rustic dog, loving, tame, noble, very firm and self-confident.

It is generally quiet and affectionate, He is very loyal and devoted to their masters. It is-especially- suitable for children, for those who feel special attraction. As well, usually get along well with other dogs.

Essentially, is a calm and balanced guardian, but it can be very scary if they perceived danger to its owner and properties.

These dogs are very happy living in the open air, and especially given the opportunity for long and quiet walks, that will be necessary if we want our Mastiff to be happy and balanced.

Observations

As we mentioned in the “History” section, the vicissitudes of the recovery of the race has led to chaos at the beginning of it..., and all that lack of control in the breeding, It has had a direct effect on the character of dog, it is for this reason that today we can find too aggressive specimens, and other, maybe more shy.

Fortunately, the great work which is carrying out the Spanish Association of the Spanish Mastiff Dog, focused on selection in breeding is very hopeful since good results are being obtained, and over time the problem will be eliminated.

Images of the Spanish Mastiff

Videos of the Spanish Mastiff

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – FSS
  • UKC – Watchdog


FCI breed standard "Spanish Mastiff"

FCIFCI - Spanish Mastiff
Mastiff

Alternative names:

1. Spanish mastiff, Mastín español de campo y trabajo, Mastín ganadero, Mastín Leonés, Mastín Extremeño (English).
2. Mastin Leones (French).
3. Spanischer Mastiff, Mastín aus León (mastín leonés), Mastín der Extremadura (mastín extremeño), Mastín der Mancha (mastín manchego) (German).
4. Mastín español (Portuguese).
5. Mastín Leonés, mastín español de campo y trabajo, mastín ganadero (español).

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Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)
Tíbet FCI 230 - Molossoid . Mountain


Mastín Tibetano

The Tibetan Mastiff It is not a dog to live with children.

Content

Characteristics "Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History of “Tibetan Mastiff”


The Tibetan Mastiff o Doge of Tibet (Do-Khy), is a dog native to Tibet, It appeared to the year 8000 to. C.

The “Mastin Tibetano” It is an ancient race of work of the pastoralists of the Himalayas and a traditional guardian of Tibetan monasteries. Its history has been surrounded by great mysticism since it was discovered in ancient times.. Since its mention by Aristotle (384 – 322 to. C.) at the famous writings of Marco Polo, who went to Asia in 1271, all historical reports praise the natural strength and grandeur of the Doge of Tibet, both physically and mentally.

Until his barking It has been described as unique and as a characteristic of the highly treasured breed.

The outstanding European cinófilos of the past like Martin and Youatt, Megnin, Beckmann, Siber as well as Strebel, Bylandt have intensively investigated the Tibetan Mastiff, being fascinated with their origin and role in the Tibetan culture.

One of the first Tibetan doges to reach the western shores was a male specimen sent to Queen Victoria by Lord Hardinge. (at that time viceroy of the India) in 1847. Later in 1880 Edward VII (then Prince of Wales), took 2 dogs return to England. One of the earliest records of litter of Doges Tibetans was in 1898, born in the Berlin Zoo.

Considered as the race led all large mountain races and all mastiffs.

According to testimonies dating back to 2.000 years before Christ, the Tibetan Mastiff was used by the Assyrians as a war dog and for the custody of prisoners..

It still appears with the same appearance as in the Babylonian bas-reliefs, Egyptians and Greeks, showing in this way the great diffusion in very ancient times.

The Roman conquests and invasions of Asian peoples, It spread quickly to the basin of the Mediterranean giving rise to all the races of molossians Europeans, many of pastor and other rescue as the St. Bernard, the Newfoundland and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.

Characteristics Tibetan Mastiff

Videos "Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)"

mastin tibetano

Mastín tibetano

Mastin Tibetano

It is a companion dog, Guard and protection; slow to mature, females only reach their apogee between 2 and 3 years and males at least the 4 years.

It is a dog powerful, heavy, good bone structure. Impressive, solemn but kindly appearance.
They have the feet quite large, strong and compact. They have the shape of the feet of cat with long hair between the toes. Its walk is strong, free, always light and elastic. In fast walks it tends to bring the members closer in a medium line. When walking, It seems slow and careful.
Males have, notably, more hair than females. The quality of the hair is of greater importance than quantity. Primarily the hair should be fairly long and dense.

When the weather is cold it should have a layer of hairs, internal and thick that becomes sparse in the hot months.

The hair is fine but hard, straight and roughness. Never silky, curly or wavy. The hair of the inner layer, When it has, is quite woolly. The neck and shoulders are covered with hair giving the appearance of a mane. The tail is covered with dense and bushy hair. The upper rear of the hindlimbs is pretty long hair forms fringes.

They are of color intense Black, black and tan, brown, various shades of gold, grey and blue; grey and blue and fire. The fire color varies from a very intense hue to lighter colors.

It allows a White Star on the chest. Minimal white spots are acceptable on the feet. Heat stains appear on the eyes, in the lower extremities, on the underside of the tail, around the snout, and in the form of sunglasses around the eyes.

Character “Tibetan Mastiff”

Respect to temperament, the race many experts agree that is a dog difficult in nature or complex..., is distant, and too independent to the point of being unpredictable because rarely leaves knowing their true intentions.

The Tibetan Mastiff It is a very brave dog that not afraid of anything, and that makes it in a excellent guardian.

His family is very love and abiding, but it is completely distrustful to strangers, and that can lead it to bite a stranger, for that reason it is not usually a dog suitable for novices... Since, If do not have education and training appropriate and responsible, It can be a real danger.

By that peculiar and especially unpredictable nature, race scholars pose that not is a dog ideal to live with children.

It is one of the oldest breeds of origin and is still used today in the Himalayan chain for the custody of herds and as a guardian of monasteries..

In the discharge of this function is safe and incorruptible, fierce and dangerous with strangers, as almost all races that can be defined as “old” and whose character has been forged in the course of the centuries.

It has little spread outside of Asia, even in the world of the cinophilia, It is little frequent to see copies of this race to participate in international dog shows.

Observations

Even in Tibet it is on the verge of extinction due to the difficulties involved in raising dogs of that size..

The price of a Mastin Tibetano currently ranges between 1500 and 2000 EUR, a few 1700 and 2400 $.

In the news, the breeding of the Tibetan Mastiff develops almost exclusively in England.

Health “Tibetan Mastiff”

The Tibetan Mastiff have some health conditions that may be worrisome. These include hip and elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, the persistence of the pupillary membranes (an eye disorder) and demyelinating neuropathy inherited from canines.

Not all of these diseases are detectable in a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free of these ailments., so you should find a trusted breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases the dog can still live a good life.. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in your line and the cause of death.

Keep in mind that Tibetan Mastiffs mature very slowly. They will not reach their full size until they have 3 to 5 years of age.

Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Tibetan mastiff at an appropriate weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong its life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

The toilet “Tibetan Mastiff”

The Tibetan Mastiff has a long, thick double coat, with males having more luxurious coverage than females. The heavy undercoat is soft and woolly; the top layer is straight with a hard texture. The amount of hair on the neck and shoulders gives the Tibetan Mastiff the appearance of having a mane. Its tail and “britches” (the rear thighs) they are also heavily covered. There is no need to trim any part of the coat unless you want to give your feet a cleaner look. With regular brushing, should not need frequent baths.

Brush to Tibetan Mastiff several times a week to remove dead hair and maintain healthy skin and coat. During the molting season, you'll want to brush it daily to keep your hair down under control.

The rest is basic care. Trim nails as needed, usually every week or two. Brush your teeth frequently with a veterinarian-approved pet toothpaste for overall good health and fresh breath.

Images “Tibetan Mastiff”

Videos “Tibetan Mastiff”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI breed standard "Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)"

FCIFCI - Tibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy)
Mastiff

Alternative names:

1. Mastiff (English).
2. Mastiff du Tibet (French).
3. Tibetdogge, Tibetanische Dogge, Tibetmastiff (German).
4. Mastiff tibetano (Portuguese).
5. Dogo del Tíbet (español).