The Kuvasz (PL. Kuvaszok) He is a former Hungarian breed of dog Boyero.
Although some believe that the Kuvasz existed in Hungary at the time of the Huns, others say he arrived there from Asia and Turkey, with the Mongol invasions. Its name derives from a Turkish word meaning “safe guard”. For some centuries, especially in the 15th, He was the faithful friend of the Hungarian aristocracy. During the two world wars the breed was severely decimated during the Hungarian uprising of 1956 was almost obliterated.
While the Komondor was used on the grounds lower with drier climates, the Kuvasz was used in the wet grasslands of the highest mountains and the two were an integral part of the Hungarian economy. Later, during the century 15, the Kuvasz became a prized animal, the dog belonged to the Royal Court of the King Matthias Corvinus. Y, Since the Kingdom was offered to visiting dignitaries as a Royal gift Kuvasz puppies, Legend has it that the King was more confident their dogs than in their own Councillors. After the death of the King, the popularity of the breed among the nobles decreased, But even so the dog still their traditional role in the protection of livestock.
At the end of World War II, almost all the Kuvasz in Hungary had been killed. The dogs were used for the protection of their families, reason why were actively sought and killed by German and Soviet soldiers, while at the same time, some German soldiers were a large number of copies to their homes. After the Soviet invasion and the end of the war, the breed was almost extinct in Hungary.
The word Kuvasz, probably, it comes from the Turkish "Kavas" meaning guard, soldier or a protector. One theory posits that the Word may have its origin in ancient farmers of Russia-related, the Chuvash, that has contributed many words to the Hungarian language.
The Kuvasz is a tireless guardian of flocks, defending the predators. Previously it had been used also as a hunting dog to pursue wolves, wild boars and bears. It is also a great guardian. In his country the police and army use it as Assistant. In recent decades it has become also companion dog.
Good working dog, reliable watchdog, Pleasant Home Companion, so is the Kuvasz.
It has been used as a livestock guardian, but in recent years can be found in households as pet.
The Kuvasz should be of good size, solidly built and with a dignified air. The skull should be slightly arched and not too long, wedge-shaped snout. Leads the small ears hanging in the form of V. The body is rather long, with the slightly outgoing ribs. The legs are strong and not too long. The tail is long, slightly curved at the tip, which wears a beautiful plume. The coat is long, rough and undulating. The color has to be pure white, Although the white ivory can be accepted.
Although the skin is white, the pigmentation of the skin of Kuvasz should be dark and the nose should be black. The eyes must have an almendrada form. The females usually weigh between 35 and 50 kg, While males weigh in 50 to 70 kg, tieneto a bone structure medium. The height at the cross in the males is of 71 to 76 cm and the females of 66 to 70 cm..
For a casual observer, the Kuvasz may be similar to a shepherd from the Pyrenees, to the Akbash, a Maremma Shepherd Dog, a Samoyed, a Poodle white mixed with a Labrador Retriever, Some Slovak dog as the Pastor of Tatra.
As with many livestock guardian dogs, the color of the layer of the Kuvasz serves a functional purpose and is an essential breed criterion. To develop the breed a purpose clear in the Kuvasz was to realise a mantle of color, to provide pastors distinguish the dog of wolves attacking animals at night. The Komondor, a close relative of the Kuvasz, It has a white coat for the same reason.
The Kuvasz lost much hair to seasons. The rest of care are complicated. We must bear in mind that it is a dog of strong personality, which is why their education must be early and can be put to the test the patience of the educator. You need a suitable space of movement and exercise.
The Kuvasz is a smart dog and is usually said to have a sense of humor for clown, that can last throughout adolescence and adulthood. They are very loyal but patients animals who appreciate human attention, but it also needs its space, they are very independent animals.
According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Kuvasz is the No. 42 from the list.
Despite his intelligence, It should not be perceived as easy to train. Her independent personality can make the training a difficult task that, You can exhaust the patience, even for experienced owners. As a result, It is not recommended for beginners and those who do not have time to train and socialize in a manner appropriate to their Kuvasz.
On the other hand, many of these qualities make the Kuvasz excellent guardians for sheep or large farms. The Kuvasz has a very special and close relationship with his owner.
It is a sober and suffered dog, It resists weathering in the toughest conditions, Frequent brushing is therefore, necessary to keep their fur clean. A Kuvasz should not smell bad, This is usually a sign of illness or poor nutrition.
Homemade dog is friendly, affectionate and intelligent, and above all an excellent guardian, brave and quiet, suspicious and even reserved with strangers. Under its dignified appearance hides a playful temperament which makes him a loyal friend of children.
It is generally a healthy and robust breed whose life expectancy is about 12 or 14 years.