Hungría FCI 54 - Sheepdogs.

The Kuvasz (PL. Kuvaszok) is an old Hungarian breed of cattle dog.



Characteristics "Kuvasz"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kuvasz" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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The Kuvasz es una antigua raza guardiana de rebaños que se originó en Hungría, although their distant ancestors were probably type dogs Tibetan Mastiff.

While the Komondor was used on the grounds lower with drier climates, el Kuvasz fue utilizado en los pastizales húmedos de las montañas más altas y los dos eran una parte integral de la economía húngara. Later, during the century 15, the Kuvasz became a prized animal, el perro pertenecía a la Corte Real del Rey Matías Corvino. Y, desde el reino se ofrecía a los dignatarios visitantes cachorros de Kuvasz como un regalo real, Legend has it that the King was more confident their dogs than in their own Councillors. After the death of the King, the popularity of the breed among the nobles decreased, pero aún así el perro seguía teniendo su papel tradicional en la protección de ganado.

At the end of World War II, casi todos los Kuvasz en Hungría habían sido asesinados. The dogs were used for the protection of their families, reason why were actively sought and killed by German and Soviet soldiers, while at the same time, some German soldiers were a large number of copies to their homes. After the Soviet invasion and the end of the war, la raza fue casi extinguida en Hungría.

The word Kuvasz, probably, proviene del turco “Kavas” que significa guardia, soldier or a protector. Una teoría postula relacionadas con que la palabra puede tener su origen en los antiguos agricultores de Rusia, the Chuvash, que ha contribuido muchas palabras a la lengua húngara.

Durante mucho tiempo, the property of the Kuvasz was restricted, but they were finally used by the shepherds as guardians of the flock. Ese es el trabajo por el que son conocidos hoy en día. El pelaje blanco del perro permitía al pastor distinguirlo fácilmente de un lobo mientras se mezclaba con el rebaño.

Physical characteristics

The Kuvasz should be of good size, solidly built and with a dignified air. The skull should be slightly arched and not too long, wedge-shaped snout. Leads the small ears hanging in the form of V. The body is rather long, with the slightly outgoing ribs. The legs are strong and not too long. The tail is long, slightly curved at the tip, which wears a beautiful plume. The coat is long, rough and undulating. The color has to be pure white, Although the white ivory can be accepted.

Although the skin is white, the pigmentation of the skin of Kuvasz should be dark and the nose should be black. The eyes must have an almendrada form. The females usually weigh between 35 and 50 kg, While males weigh in 50 a 70 kg, tieneto a bone structure medium. The height at the cross in the males is of 71 a 76 cm and the females of 66 a 70 cm..

For a casual observer, the Kuvasz may be similar to a Pyrenean Shepherd, to the Akbash, a dog “Maremma Shepherd”, a Samoyed, a Pudelhund white mixed with a Labrador Retriever, o algún perro eslovaco como el Polish Tatra Sheepdog.

As with many livestock guardian dogs, the color of the layer of the Kuvasz serves a functional purpose and is an essential breed criterion. To develop the breed a purpose clear in the Kuvasz was to realise a mantle of color, to provide pastors distinguish the dog of wolves attacking animals at night. The Komondor, a close relative of the Kuvasz, It has a white coat for the same reason.

The Kuvasz lose a lot of hair from time to time. The rest of care are complicated. We must bear in mind that it is a dog of strong personality, which is why their education must be early and can be put to the test the patience of the educator. You need a suitable space of movement and exercise.

Fur: short, smooth, closed and thick on the head and on the front of the extremities. in the trunk, brazos, tie and tail is long and wavy, and often forms ridges and locks. it's pretty rough, un poco rígido y en ningún caso afieltrado. the undercoat is fine and woolly.

Color: white.

Size: males of 71 a 75 cm.; females of 66 a 70 cm..

Character and skills

The Kuvasz he is a tireless keeper of flocks, defending the predators. Anteriormente había sido usado también como perro de caza para perseguir lobos, jabalíes y osos. It is also a great guardian. En su país la policía y el ejército lo utilizan como auxiliar. En los últimos decenios se ha convertido también en perro de compañía.

Good working dog, reliable watchdog, Pleasant Home Companion, así es el Kuvasz.

It has been used as a livestock guardian, pero durante los últimos años puede encontrarse en los hogares como animal de compañía.

The Kuvasz he is a smart dog and is generally said to have a clown sense of humor, that can last throughout adolescence and adulthood. They are very loyal but patients animals who appreciate human attention, but it also needs its space, they are very independent animals.

Según la clasificación realizada por Stanley Coren después de analizar las respuestas de más de 200 work of the AKC judges (“La inteligencia de los perros”, Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Kuvasz es el Nº 42 from the list.

Despite his intelligence, It should not be perceived as easy to train. Su personalidad independiente puede hacer de la capacitación una tarea difícil que, You can exhaust the patience, even for experienced owners. As a result, It is not recommended for beginners and those who do not have time to train and socialize in a manner appropriate to their Kuvasz.

On the other hand, many of these qualities make the Kuvasz excellent guardians for sheep or large farms. The Kuvasz has a very special and close relationship with his owner.

It is a sober and suffered dog, It resists weathering in the toughest conditions, Frequent brushing is therefore, necessary to keep their fur clean. A Kuvasz should not smell bad, This is usually a sign of illness or poor nutrition.

Homemade dog is friendly, affectionate and intelligent, and above all an excellent guardian, brave and quiet, suspicious and even reserved with strangers. Under its dignified appearance hides a playful temperament which makes him a loyal friend of children.

It is generally a healthy and robust breed whose life expectancy is about 12 or 14 years.

Kuvasz Health

In the Kuvaszok, more serious health problems include hip dysplasia, osteocondrosis (un trastorno de las articulaciones que daña los cartílagos y los huesos) and a propensity for cruciate ligament injury. An eye disease called progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) is a potential concern, just like hypothyroidism (una enfermedad hormonal común en los perros en la que la glándula tiroides no produce suficiente tiroxina) and vonWillebrand's disease (a disorder of blood clotting).

Not all of these diseases are detectable in a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free of these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation showing that the parents were exempt from health problems affecting the breed.. Si el criador le dice que las pruebas no son necesarias porque nunca han tenido problemas en sus líneas, that the dogs have been “reviewed by the veterinarian”, or offers you any other excuse to skimp on genetic testing of your dogs, váyase inmediatamente.

Los criadores cuidadosos examinan a sus perros de cría en busca de enfermedades genéticas y crían sólo los ejemplares más saludables y de mejor aspecto, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas. Un cachorro puede desarrollar una de estas enfermedades a pesar de las buenas prácticas de cría. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, pregunte al criador acerca de las edades de los perros de sus líneas y cuáles son las causas más comunes de muerte.

Recuerde que después de haber acogido a un nuevo cachorro en su casa, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Kuvasz at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. Make the most of diet and exercise to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

observations and advice

not a very well-known dog and, therefore, es difícil de encontrar un cachorro de esta raza. However, it is more widely used than Komondor, whose cloak scares many potential buyers. In fact, el pelo del Kuvasz es más difícil de cuidar, Since it must be brushed periodically to avoid the formation of knots, although it should be washed as little as possible.

Kuvasz toilet

The Kuvasz has a beautiful white double coat that loosens dirt but also loosens hair. Cepíllalo semanalmente con un cepillo de alfileres para eliminar el pelo muerto y mantener la piel y el pelaje sanos. Trim the hair between the toes to keep your feet looking good. Its coat repels water and removes dirt easily with brushing, so a bath is rarely necessary.

When summer comes, don't think your Kuvasz has suddenly developed a disease causing hair loss. It is normal for the Kuvasz to lose most of its long coat in hot weather.

The rest is basic care. Trim nails as needed, normally each week the. Brush your teeth frequently with a veterinarian-approved pet toothpaste for overall good health and fresh breath.

Images "Kuvasz"

Videos "Kuvasz"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 1: Swiss Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs)
  • Section 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
  • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
  • ​KC – Pastoral
  • NZKC – Working dog
  • UKC – Herding dogs

FCI breed standard "Kuvasz"

FCIFCI - Kuvasz

Alternative names:

    1. Hungarian Kuvasz (English).
    2. Kuvasz (French).
    3. Kuvasz (German).
    4. Pastor Húngaro (Portuguese).
    5. Kuvaszok (español).


1 – kuvasz by Vkoves / Public domain
2 – KUVASZ by Svenska Mässan from Sweden / CC BY
3 – Kuvasz Prince of The Dogs Kennel by Kuvaszprince / CC BY-SA
4 – 7.5 months old kuvasz bitch by Sprays / Public domain
5 – Female kuvasz in Ópusztaszer, Hungary by DenesFeri / CC BY-SA
6 – Nine-week-old Kuvasz dog by Vkovesz / Public domain

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