Mésico FCI 234 . Primitive type

The Xoloitzcuintle is a quiet dog, affectionate, loving, sensitive and happy.



One Xoloitzcuintle Mexican may be an unusual phenomenon, but it is by no means an eccentric invention of modern times. On the other hand, this breed of dog is probably many thousands of years old.

American dog researchers believe that the Xoloitzcuintle came to the west coast of Mexico on Chinese merchant ships. Others believe that it was introduced into Central America by Cortez and its occupying forces.

However, perros que se parecían al perro que hoy conocemos existieron en México mucho antes de la llegada de los conquistadores españoles – this is documented by archaeological finds. Los científicos datan una estatua de unos 1700 years before Christ. This proves that the Xoloitzcuintle Mexican is probably the oldest breed of dog in the American continent – and one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. Su origen exacto es aún desconocido hoy en día, but it must be more than 4000 years. The fact that this dog can be seen in such art objects indicates that it was already considered valuable in pre-Christian times. Its name indicates that it was considered as the dog of the god Xoloti, the aztec god of death.

“Xoloitzcuintle”: historical value

Hoy en día se supone que la raza de perro encontró muchos usos: Se le consideraba como el compañero de las almas de los difuntos y por lo tanto a menudo tenía que dar su vida como un animal de sacrificio o acompañar a su dueño difunto a la tumba. At the same time, However, también era un guardián de la casa y la granja y servía como una bolsa de agua caliente debido a su piel desnuda y a la alta temperatura corporal. Los nativos mexicanos tenían en alta estima la carne de los Xoloitzcuintle. One Xoloitzcuintle Naked was considered a delicacy and a diet enrichment.

Hoy en día se le mantiene como perro de compañía y de familia y se le considera inteligente, loving, sporty and calm. By nature you are sensitive and temperamental and want to be encouraged and kept busy. En temperaturas muy bajas y en días soleados y calurosos, the owners of the Xoloitzcuintle they should protect their four-legged friend with a dog coat against hypothermia or with a special sunscreen against sunburn.

Physical characteristics “Xoloitzcuintle”

Height to the cross: 33 a 57 cm for dogs and bitches.

Weight: Weight depends on height.

The color:

The Xoloitzcuintle not furry, but it has a thick pile mop that goes from black to black-gray, Slate gray, dark grey, reddish, liver, bronze to golden yellow; sometimes stained. The skin is wrinkled on the head and neck and is grayish red. At birth, puppies are pink like piggies and don't look standard until they are one year old.

Típicas y al mismo tiempo particularmente llamativas son las orejas de murciélago de aproximadamente 10 cm long, así como los ojos almendrados, which can be black to yellow.

Average life expectancy: 14 years

Character and skills “Xoloitzcuintle”

The Xoloitzcuintle is a quiet dog, affectionate, loving, sensitive and happy. He clings a lot to his family and wants to follow you everywhere. He seems to follow your voice and is a warm companion, gentle and affectionate. For this reason it is often used as a therapy dog.. He is also an energetic and agile athlete who loves to play and needs a lot of exercise and attention..

Le encantan sus juguetes y le gusta jugar en el patio o el jardín, warm up in the sun and need your long daily walks. When i'm outdoors, should always be kept on a leash, since he likes to hunt small animals. It is not a dog that wants to be left alone in the yard. Can jump or climb over fences. Must participate in family activities and depends on your affections and interests.

Although he is tender and affectionate with his family, is quite reserved and distrustful of strangers and needs a little time to get used to you. It learns fairly quickly and is easy to train, although sometimes it can be quite independent. You have to train it with a lot of determination and discipline.

You are protective by nature and have a strong drive to protect your home and loved ones. The Xoloitzcuintle is usually a quiet dog that only barks when there is a good reason for it. He's also fearless and won't shy away from a fight. Can get along well with other dogs and pets, if you have lived with other animals from a young age. He also gets along very well with children if they treat him with respect.

Es un perro excepcionalmente robusto y saludable que necesita un suéter en las estaciones frías y extremadamente cálidas para proteger su casa desnuda. It is an odorless dog that does not lose its hair.

Care “Xoloitzcuintle”

The Xoloitzcuintle he is an unusual dog, why don't you pant, but sweats through your skin, like us. But your skin is sensitive to the sun, it even burns in the sun. That is why you should always have a sunscreen with a medium sun protection factor with you at sea., in the city, in the field and in the mountains. The advantage of this breed is that the Xoloitzcuintle cannot hide ticks or fleas under its fur.

Can be stored on a floor, pero una casa con jardín es más adecuada. Oddly enough, to the Xoloitzcuintle loves to roll in the snow in winter and bathe in icy water. But before I'm ready, deberías ir acostumbrándolo poco a poco. A warm coat is advisable for walks in winter. However, debería ser un abrigo de fieltro forrado con algodón, because your naked and sensitive skin can react allergic to wool.

Nutrition “Xoloitzcuintle”

The Xoloitzcuintle needs a lot of water, especially in summer, ya que mucho líquido se evapora a través de su piel. In extremely hot weather, water with a high mineral content should be given to avoid a lack of salt. What's more, the Xoloitzcuintle necesita una dieta equilibrada con una alta proporción de proteínas. Unfortunately, thickens quickly, así que debes evitar la grasa y el azúcar. With less exercise, es mejor alimentarlo con judías verdes y arroz.

The breeding of the Xoloitzcuintle

La cría de esta antigua raza de perro es problemática. Los expertos en bienestar animal incluso recomiendan la prohibición de la cría. Hairlessness is inherited in a dominant way. A dog with mixed genetic makeup is naked, un cuadrúpedo sin pelo no lleva el gen de la falta de pelo. However, a Xoloitzcuintle homozygous and hairless is not viable and dies shortly after birth.

To ensure healthy offspring, a Xoloitzcuintle heterocigoto y desnudo tendría que aparearse con un representante peludo. La descendencia sería viable, pero sólo la mitad no tendría pelo. Dado que la variante peluda no está reconocida como raza en muchos países, the mating of two hairless animals is often practiced and the death of non-viable animals is accepted. Esta circunstancia hace que la raza sea controvertida y aparezca una y otra vez en el contexto de la cría con tortura. What's more, el gen de la falta de pelo también aumenta la predisposición a las malformaciones de la mandíbula y a la falta de dientes, and Xoloitzcuintle Mexicans also have a stronger tendency to various skin diseases and immune deficiencies.

Health “Xoloitzcuintle”

Además de la preocupación por la dificultad de la cría, some health problems are particularly common in theXoloitzcuintle. The first and most important thing is dental defects, de modo que los perros carecen de algunos o todos los dientes y/o malformaciones de la mandíbula son hereditarios. What's more, immunological deficiencies are frequently found and the breed is predisposed to skin diseases such as purulent inflammations. Therefore, if you decide to choose this breed, it is important that you choose a breeder carefully and that you are willing to invest a lot of time and money in caring for your dog.

Images "Xoloitzcuintle"


1 – A Xoloitzcuintle (Mexican Hairless Dog). by Micyaotl G.T., CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Xoloitzcuintli or Xoloitzcuintle by Alfredo&Sara aguirre, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Hairless Dog, preHispanic. by Rod Waddington, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Xoloitzcuintle by https://flic.kr/p/agfgec
5 – Xoloitzcuintle by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/imagen-perro-mascota-canino-2628918/
6 – Xoloitzcuintle or Mexican hairless dog in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico by Emőke Dénes, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Xoloitzcuintle"

“Xoloitzcuintle”, the breed with historical value

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 6: Primitive type. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 5: Perros tipo Spitz y tipo primitivo – Section 6: Primitive type.

FCI breed standard "Xoloitzcuintle"

FCIFCI - Xoloitzcuintle

Alternative names:

    1. Mexican hairless dog, xolo (English).
    2. xolo, chien nu mexicain, chien nu du Mexique (French).
    3. Xoloitzcuintle, Tepeizeuintli, xolo (German).
    4. Xoloitzcuintle, xolo (Portuguese).
    5. Xolo, Perro azteca, Perro mexica. Perro con y sin pelo mexicano, Bogar, xoloitzcuintli (español).

If you liked, rate this entry.
5/5 (1 Review)

3 thoughts on "Xoloitzcuintle”

Warning: Attempt to read property "comment_date" on null in /home/pirizoe/public_html/mascotarios.org/wp-includes/comment-template.php on line 557
  1. you're all right. your data, Pet. lack of information, and they only misinform those who want to know about the xolo. very bad reporter.

  2. Hello friends of pets. Excuse me for contradicting you, but to write an article like this, you should be better informed. The XOLOITZCUINTI has nothing to do with the Hopi culture or with this god you oppose and something else., I do not know the American Hairless Terrier but it is false that it is the only breed with a recessive gene since that is precisely why the XOLO lacks hair and some teeth, because it has a “dominant recessive gene” What gives it this characteristic? Please check the page of the Mexican Canophytic Federation, there is correct information about the breed so that people are not confused..

    • Hello Tigra78, mz well expressed with rayon z….
      di,and porfa where I can get a Xolo no standard in Spain hairs here in Mexico because of no answer…
      A greeting


Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.