Swedish moose hunting dog
Suecia FCI 42 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

Jämthund

Still very old, the breed was not recognized until the year 1946, previously it was confused with the Gray Norwegian Elkhound

Content

History

Only in 1946 the Swedish moose hunting dog (Jämthund) was recognized as a breed. However, the Jämthund it is a very old breed of dog, which is already known since the north of Sweden is populated.

The reason for this late recognition is that the little Gray Norwegian Elkhound and the jämthund they were judged by the same race. At the end, this trial turned out to be untenable. The Swedish moose hunting dog mainly used to hunt moose, but it has also been used to hunt bears and lynxes, especially in the past.

Today the FCI recognizes three different moose dogs:

All three are assigned to buffers and dogs of the original type (Group 5) and in them they are assigned to the section 2 “Nordic Hunting Dogs”.

Physical characteristics

The Jämthund He is respected for his wolf-like appearance and his great and powerful stature. With a height at the cross of 57 a 65 centimeters and a weight of about 30 kg, It is the largest and heaviest of the three moose dogs recognized and at the same time the largest Nordic hunting dog. Throughout its long history, the Jämthund not only faced wolves, lynx and elk, but also adult bears, whom he faced fearlessly when hunting.

Character and skills

Blind obedience is absolutely far from this self-assured and independent pedigree dog from the far north. After all, the Jämthund in Sweden has been hunting moose, lynxes and even bears bravely and on their own for thousands of years. Although he always keeps in touch with his hunter, this smart and independent breed doesn't need your orders.

Strong dog personality with many talents

Dog lovers who are interested in this breed should know that the practice of certain commands sometimes requires some effort. With stupid repetitions or even with force and violence you will not achieve anything with the Jämthund.

However, if you accept his character and thoughtful nature and have the skills to deal with such a strong personality, you can certainly train him to be a versatile working and companion dog. With inventiveness, patience, consistency and sensitivity, the persistent and powerful Swedish moose hunting dog can be trained not only to be a versatile hunting dog, but also an excellent herding dog, Guard, sled and rescue.

Very experienced hunting dog

Despite relatively late recognition as a separate breed, the origin of Swedish moose hunting dog goes back a long time. In the province of Jämtland, in central Sweden, which is decisive for his name, the type of dog has been known for thousands of years.

Even the first settlers in northern and central Sweden had dogs to hunt bears, Moose, lynxes and wolves. Hunters especially appreciated his enormous stamina and physical strength., with which the dog, independently and bravely, went out in search of hunting.

Today he is considered in hunting circles as an intrepid and energetic search dog., which is not only suitable for hunting loose hounds, It can also be used for guide dog hunting. Search and pursue game in the dense forests of Scandinavia and remain silent until you have placed the animal. Only then does he give the hunter a signal through his barking that he can hit the target.. This type of hunting is called “standing still“.

The Jämthund as a family dog

Also as a family dog ​​the Swedish moose hunting dog it is very suitable, as long as enough space is given to the independent nature and great desire for freedom of this original hunting dog. So it is considered friendly, balanced, calm and fond of children. After an appropriate period of acclimatization, also accepts conspecific, cats and other pets without any problem.

He meets strangers with a certain distrust according to his natural instinct for vigilance and protection. Does not act nervous or aggressively. There is also no denying a certain joy in barking at this Nordic hunting dog..

Breeding and buying a Jämthund

In Sweden the Jämthund has long been known beyond hunting circles and is popular as a versatile utility and companion dog. In other countries of the world, However, the Swedish pedigree dog is very rare. Although you can find breeders in Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands and North America, finding and waiting for a purebred puppy can sometimes take years. Therefore, it is advisable to contact a registered association for Nordic dogs, that can help you find breeders in Scandinavia.

What do I have to consider when buying a Jämthund?

Although the distance to the breeder is long, those interested should take the time to get to know the kennel, the animals and the breeder in detail before buying. Don't take home the first best puppy, Before making several visits, convince yourself that it is a serious parenting, that dogs are raised with a lot of experience and love.

In addition to health tests, vaccines and the presence of all important papers and a pedigree, animals must grow up in a close relationship with their breeder from birth. The socialization of a Jämthund already begins in the first weeks of life. Living with his mother and brothers, but also with the breeder's family, puppies learn the most important rules of the hierarchy.

What demands does the Jämthund to the owner?

A Jämthund need plenty of exercise. You must also be sufficiently disabled both physically and mentally. A life in gated communities, in the city and without a garden, it certainly doesn't do this kind of dog justice.

The Swedish moose hunting dog feels more comfortable in rural areas. There you can move freely and spend a lot of time in nature. If not used for hunting purposes, you should definitely offer alternative activities. Possible are exams for companion dogs, dog tournaments or rescue dog training. Also bike rides, long walks or sledding shots in winter are suitable to satisfy the great momentum of movement of the Jämthund.

Is a Swedish moose hunting dog?

Before you start looking for a suitable breeder, you should ask yourself the following question: Is this Nordic pedigree dog right for me and my life??

This becomes especially important if you don't want to keep Jämthund like a hunting dog, but exclusively as a family dog. In this case you must make sure that you have enough experience, time and space to satisfy this demanding and energetic four-legged friend.

Asking if this dog is a good match for me, of course you should also watch the costs. After all, owning a dog costs not only time but also money. In addition to the purchase price, dog tax and insurance, there are also equipment expenses, watch out, food and visits to the vet.

You may be interested in our article on this topic: Getting the puppies used to the new home: Basic equipment and tips.

What food does the Jämthund need?

More important than the price of the food should be the price of the ingredients. This does not mean that the most expensive food is always the best.. Much more important is that the composition is adjusted to the needs of your dog and these depend on quite individual criteria such as weight, age, activity level and health status.

Basically, the food of Jämthund, like all the other dogs, should consist mainly of meat. It is the most important energy supplier for the descendant of the wolf and must constitute at least the 80 percent of the diet. The meat is complemented with vegetables, important fruits and fats, that provide an optimal supply of nutrients.

The cereals, the sugar, artificial flavor enhancers and chemical preservatives, on the other hand, have no place in dog food, either dry food, wet food, even cooked or raw food (BARF).

Swedish elk hunting dog care

The waterproof coat of the Swedish moose hunting dog repels dirt and moisture well, but it still needs to be brushed regularly. It is best to comb your hair daily, especially during the layer change phase. This way you can remove dead hair in time and at the same time ensure that the amount of hair in your home is kept within limits.. However, you should not expect meticulous cleaning in your home as the owner of this dog.

In addition to the toilet, claws should be trimmed regularly to avoid injury. Your roommate's ears and teeth should also be cleaned and checked at regular intervals., about two or three times a week.

Swedish Elk Hunting Dog Health

The Jämthunde they are very robust

Careful grooming is not just for cleanliness and hygiene, but above all for the health of your dog. Brush your dog regularly and check his ears, claws, eyes and teeth. This way you can quickly detect any changes and make an appointment with the vet on time.

Being overweight is a problem for all dog breeds and quickly causes more complaints. Therefore, it is advisable to check your pet's weight regularly. Hand palpation is also a good way to determine if your dog is of normal weight.. You shouldn't be able to see your dog's ribs from a distance, but I should be able to feel them.

In all other respects, the health of Swedish moose hunting dog is very robust, and there is no need to fear the hereditary diseases typical of the breed. If you have time, experience, money and the desire to fully adapt to this breed, you will surely have many years of pleasure with him Jämthund.

Ratings of the Swedish Elk Hunting Dog

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Swedish moose hunting dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Swedish Elk Hunting Dog

Photos:

1 – Jämthund by Jörgen Blom / CC BY-SA
2 – Jämthund (Swedish Elkhound) in the woods. 2 years old male. by User:Arto Pääkkönen / CC BY-SA
3 – Jämthund by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/644232
4 – Jämthund by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/619009
5 – Jämthund by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1289323
6 – Jämthund village https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-tronco-mascota-animales-2064314/
7 – Jämthund by HTTPS://pxhere.com/es/photo/753453

Swedish Elk Hunting Dog Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 42
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway and Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI breed standard Swedish elk hunting dog

    Perro cazador de alces sueco FCI Perro cazador de alces sueco FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Swedish Elkhound (English).
      2. Jämthund (French).
      3. Jämthund (German).
      4. Jämthund, Elkhound sueco (Portuguese).
      5. Elkhound sueco, Jämthund (Spanish).

    Greenland Dog
    Dinamarca FCI 274 - Nordic Sledge Dogs

    Greenlandés

    The Greenland Dog is not an easy breed to control, it is necessary to thoroughly document their character.

    Content

    History

    It belongs to the oldest dog breeds in the world.

    For centuries, the Greenland Dog has accompanied the Inuit in their common homeland: It is said that more than 1.000 years he came with his ancestors from Siberia to North America. In the icy expanses it still serves the inhabitants as a versatile all-rounder and has always been specifically bred for its ability to work and its robustness.. Helped in hunting seals and polar bears, as well as hauling loads through ice and snow, even over long distances. In times of need, it also served as food for the inhabitants in the past.

    The outstanding physical abilities of the Greenland Dog they also sparked the interest of the first polar explorers, who saw him as an ideal companion for expeditions. For example, Roald Amundsen, the most successful explorer of the Arctic and Antarctic, was also accompanied by Greenland dogs. The breed has its origin in Greenland and, therefore, is under the patronage of Denmark. Genetically, the Greenland Dog is identical to canadian eskimo dog, that is not recognized by the FCI. Today, the Greenland dog belongs to a total of four breeds of sled dogs. By his side are the Alaskan Malamute, the Samoyed and the Siberian Husky.

    Physical characteristics

    The characteristics of this dog have always been more important than its appearance. The strong build allows the Greenland Dog to drag loads through the snow for long periods of time. Size variations are possible, with males generally over 60 cm in height to the cross, females over 55 cm.. The ears are upright, triangular and slightly rounded at the tip. This sled dog wears its tail slightly curled on its back. The coat consists of a smooth undercoat and a fairly thick, smooth top coat. The fur is longer on the head, the legs and the lower part of the tail than the rest of the body. All coat colors except merle and albino are allowed. The eyes should be slightly slanted and dark – blue or different colored eyes lead to disqualification according to the standard.

    Character and skills

    From Greenland, the largest island in the world, this four-legged friend has conquered the hearts of many dog ​​lovers. However, keeping a sled dog like this requires not only experience, but above all a lot of space and time to satisfy the need for movement of this robust worker.

    The character of the breed is determined by its field of application: Like Inuit sled dogs, the greenlandic dogs they are very persistent and full of energy. In addition, hunting companions are brave and show a pronounced hunting instinct. Because most of them lived in the herd and rendered their faithful services to various people, do not tend to bond strongly with people , but they are basically human friendly – and therefore are not suitable as watchdogs. However, they do not usually miss the opportunity to greet friends – or strangers – loudly and cheerfully.

    Attention: The greenlandic dog may not bark much, but tends to howl a lot. Loves to live with other dogs in a pack.

    Greenland Dog Education

    Who wants to train a Greenland Dog need knowledge, experience with dogs and above all a lot of patience. A clear hierarchy is very important to the independent sled dog and will question it if the opportunity presents itself.. This applies to other dogs as well as their owners. You need a reliable consequence and a sensible education, accept your own head (stubborn) of the race. Exhausting this dog both physically and mentally is the basic requirement for a good education, as a little challenged sled dog will want to vent elsewhere, and this is probably not to the liking of its owners. It makes sense to go to puppy school with this dog, to socialize widely with conspecifics of different sizes and races. If you want to train with the growing dog in a canine school, you should clarify in advance if the trainers have already had experience with the special character of sled dogs.

    Greenland Dog Health

    For centuries, robustness has been the main breeding objective of this four-legged friend, It is not surprising that the Greenland Dog be one of those breeds that have hardly any health restrictions. However, when i buy a puppy, look for parents who are free of hip dysplasia (HD) – some lines may have a slight tendency to this. As with all big dogs, the stomach can also be twisted, so it is important to take breaks after meals. Due to its origin and its fur, that adapts to icy conditions, These breeds are considered to be heat sensitive and, therefore, should not be kept in hot countries. Nor should you encourage your Greenland Dog to carry out sports activities above the 15 degrees Celsius. Your companion will feel correspondingly comfortable in the colder season. In winter, However, be sure to take proper care of the legs, as road salt can quickly lead to chapped or inflamed skin.

    Greenland dog nutrition

    A Greenland Dog using sled dogs consumes enormous amounts of energy and needs an appropriately adapted diet. Therefore, it is important to adapt the amount of food to the workload and the constitution of these dogs – information provided by manufacturers can only provide approximate guidelines. Of course, the puppy's energy requirement is not that high yet, since you should only move moderately anyway.

    Feed your puppy three to four servings of a high-quality food per day. Regardless of the age of your puppy, meat should be the first element of the diet and therefore the main component of food. In addition, cereals have no place in dog food. If your quadruped is performing well, increase the amount of food accordingly.

    Food should be relatively high in fat and low in carbohydrates, as well as dietary fibers to supply your endurance athlete with sufficient energy. It is important that a session of physical activity is carried out with an interval of time between the last meal – it is better to feed your Greenland dog three hours before training and in any case avoid too much exercise after feeding. This is the only way to minimize the risk of a life-threatening stomach twist.. Of course, it is also important that fresh water is always available for your four-legged friend. On longer trips you should take adequate precautions and carry enough water with you.

    Greenland dog care

    A coarse toothed comb is sufficient to comb the soft undercoat – this should be done regularly, especially during coat change, because the Greenland Dog misses – not only during this time – a relatively large amount of hair. If your partner has gotten dirty, usually it is enough to let the coat dry and then comb it well. Stubborn dirt should be gently rubbed off the coat with a damp cloth. A bath is not normally necessary – if this happens, use a mild dog shampoo.

    Especially with older dogs that move less, you should check if your partner is wearing out his claws enough and if necessary help with claw scissors. They also have eye and ear cleaners and dog tick tweezers ready to use when needed. For dental care, for example, special dog treats are suitable. Or you can use a dog toothbrush and toothpaste, which is particularly effective in fighting tartar. Many dog ​​owners perform this ritual for well-groomed small teeth regularly.. However, if you are considering this, you should accustom your puppy.

    Employment for Greenland Dogs

    Properly use a Greenland Dog in other latitudes it is a demanding task for which only a minority of dog lovers have enough time and space. Ideally, sled dog training should be done with him, which in turn is only possible to a very limited extent in most countries. An alternative is training with special trainers. Also Canicross offers sports owners the possibility to discover nature together with their partner. This four-legged friend also likes long walks through the woods as a supplement. Always be aware of your pronounced hunting instinct. It is essential that you have it under control to be able to enjoy relaxed walks. Always pay attention to an age-appropriate load and don't overload your four-legged companion.

    Is a Greenland Dog Right for Me?

    The Greenland Dog is a four-legged friend for sports connoisseurs who appreciate his independence and want to do many outdoor activities with him. Under no circumstances does this sled dog from the frozen expanses of Greenland belong to an apartment or even the city – nor does it belong to the warm regions of southern Europe. If you want to live with a greenlandic dog, you should think about buying two of them at the same time, because dogs like to hang out with conspecifics. If you live in the country, you can keep your greenlandic dogs in a herd under the open sky in a leak-proof garden with an open kennel. So the heat sensitive sled dog can look for a shady spot in the summer – this should be absolutely available.

    Of course, the Greenland Dog also happy with family connections. However, it's not the classic “one person dog”. Anyway, these companion animals are never primarily family or companion dogs, but rather working dogs – you should always be aware of this. If one can use your dog to his full capacity, they can live well with a family and so they are also extremely kid-friendly.

    Cats or small animals are not suitable to live with this ambitious hunter. You don't have to be a professional dog if you decide to stay with this four-legged friend, but you must already have some experience with dogs and above all do not underestimate the time required for the workload. Due to these requirements, the Greenland Dog It is a breed for connoisseurs that can meet high maintenance demands.

    Where do I find my desired Greenland dog?

    A greenlandic dog is a rarity in Central Europe. So if you want a Greenland Dog move in with you, you should contact the Nordic dog breed clubs. They can arrange contacts with Greenland dog breeders – also abroad – and advise you on the breed requirements if necessary. If you are looking for a sled dog and cannot find one in your region, you should consider whether one of the other three sled dog breeds would be an alternative: the Siberian Husky are much more common in Europe. With a little distance one also comes across relatively easily with breeders of malamutes de Alaska or samoyed. But: All breeds pose great challenges to their owners.

    If you are looking for a greenlandic dog older and grown up, you should look for Nordic breed dogs, especially in animal shelters. Although you will most likely not find a purebred Greenlandic dog here, many Nordic dogs whose owners have underestimated their urge to move are waiting for a competent new home where they will be given enough occupancy. The most promising way to find them is to search the internet. If required, Nordic dog breed clubs can also give you tips on searching. You will surely find a Nordic quadruped that envelops you in a short time with its charm. Ideally, this person should not live too far from home., so that you and your potential new roommate can get to know each other before you decide to let her move in. Remember that these dogs live better with other dogs of the same species and clarify – with the breeder or the current foster home of the animal protection – how well the new dog fits in well with an existing dog or if you decide to get a duo right away.

    Ratings of the Greenland Dog

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Greenland Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Greenland Dog

    Photos:

    1 – Lulo is the only Greenlandic dog used as a pet in Upernavik, Groenlandia by Slaunger, edited by Thegreenj / CC BY-SA
    2 – Greenland Dog by https://www.pikist.com/free-photo-sckxk
    3 – Greenland Dog by https://www.needpix.com/photo/836500/greenland-dog-dog
    4 – Greenland Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/groenlandia-perro-de-groenlandia-1963005/
    5 – Greenland Dog by https://www.pxfuel.com/en/free-photo-xodqt
    6 – Greenland Dog by https://pixy.org/4674986/
    7 – Greenland Dog by https://www.pikrepo.com/nemmp/brown-and-white-short-coated-dog-on-green-grass-during-daytime

    Greenland Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 274
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
    • CKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • UKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs

    Greenland Dog breed FCI standard

    Greenland Dog FCI Greenland Dog FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Kalaallit qimmiat (Qimmeq), Grønlandshund, Grünlandshund, Esquimaux Dog (English).
      2. Groenlandais (French).
      3. Grønlandshund (German).
      4. Gronlandshund (Portuguese).
      5. Esquimal de Groenlandia, Groenlandés (Spanish).

    English Toy Terrier (black and tan)
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 13 . Toy Terriers

    English Toy Terrier

    In Great Britain they are increasingly rare and in the rest of Europe they are disappearing.

    Content

    History

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) is closely related to the Manchester Terrier. It was originally called Black and Tan Terrier and was usually even larger than current specimens. They deliberately mated with him Italian Sighthound and only the smallest dogs were used for breeding.

    They were originally kept in London as rat catchers. Due to its size, they were often put in the pocket of a purse or coat, where they should protect themselves from pickpockets. In the time of Queen Victoria it was very popular as a lap dog.

    Physical characteristics

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) he is a well balanced dog, elegant, Compact, sharp and clean construction.

    Has a body weight of about 3,6 kg. The height of his body is about 30 cm.. With this size, the English toy terrier It is one of the smallest representatives of the group of terriers. Therefore, falls in section 4 “Terriers enanos”.

    This breed is characterized by a slim body. All four legs are straight and very delicate. However, at the same time, the representatives of these Terriers are sporty and muscular, so they can easily accompany you on long walks.

    At first sight, the little dog's large, upright ears stick out. The dog's muzzle is long and reminiscent of larger terriers. The eyes of the English toy terrier they are alert and awake. All the Toy Terriers ingleses they have the hair pattern “black and tan”, what does black and tan mean. Most of the coat is black, but there are tan marks on some parts of the body. So the dog always has tan marks on his face and chest. The coat of a English toy terrier it's short and smooth.

    Character and skills

    Today the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) belongs to the rare breeds and there are only a few breeders. And that, although this little terrier can be kept well even in city apartments. He is very close to his family and continues to be a good guardian, but tends to bark a little. He usually gets along well with children and is a tireless playmate. The little terrier also gets along with other dogs.

    To the English Toy Terrier (black and tan) loves long walks and ball games. It can even be a good companion for shorter and not too fast jogging rounds.

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) still show typical terrier characteristics. They are brave, testy, lively, alert and cheerful. They learn quickly, but they also need some consistency up front. They still have a hunting instinct, so from the beginning you must work to direct this instinct in an acceptable way.

    Health and life expectancy

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) tend to be a bit nervous, but otherwise they are quite healthy dogs. They can come to live off 13 a 15 years.

    Similar breeds and relatives

    The English Toy Terrier (black and tan) es similar al Manchester Terrier, the Italian Sighthound, the German Pinscher and the Doberman.

    English Toy Terrier Care

    This little terrier has an easy-care coat that never really needs to be washed. Once your English Toy Terrier has been lying, you can wash it with clean water. You should only use a dog shampoo if it is very dirty. Too frequent use of shampoos destroys the natural protective layer of the coat, what can cause skin diseases.

    Its English toy terrier he is a robust dog that does not normally need a jacket. In very cold temperatures it may be useful to protect your dog with a well-fitting jacket. Especially very small dogs are hypothermic when they are in the snow for a long period of time. The jacket should fit well and not get in the way of your dog when he runs and plays.

    Check your teeth English Toy Terrier regularly. Tartar can form here, which in the long run can lead to painful inflammation of the teeth. Care, a soft dog toothbrush can be used for brushing. A toothpaste for dogs is harmless and usually tastes quite good to animals.. Make sure to accustom your English Toy Terrier slowly and gently to brushing its teeth.

    The correct nutrition of the English Toy Terrier

    The English toy terrier it is a very robust breed that gets along with most foods. Due to its small body size it is important to provide the English toy terrier of enough energy. To do this, for example, you can choose a type of food specially developed for small breeds. Small dogs have a higher energy turnover than large dogs. Another way of feeding is to give the dog fresh food or homemade food. Here too care must be taken to ensure sufficient calorie intake.

    Feed your English toy terrier several times a day, since the small dog can only absorb small amounts. Although healthy dogs usually have good teeth, the food components should not be too large.

    Because the English toy terrier he is an adorable dog, many people tend to pamper him. However, many human foods are not suitable for dogs. Therefore, their English toy terrier should only be fed with food scraps if it does not contain sugar or spices.

    Suitable accessories for the English Toy Terrier

    You don't need many accessories for your English toy terrier for everyday use. For food and water your dog needs at least two bowls. The water bowl should always be full and accessible to your dog.

    As the Toy Terriers ingleses they are very delicate animals, you should buy a well fitted harness. It is also important to use a light lead line. Traction lines are less suitable if your dog has not yet learned not to pull on the leash. A good alternative is to use a lightweight traction strap, that gives your dog freedom of movement.

    To the playful English toy terrier loves to learn. So you can do many sports with it which are also suitable for very small dogs. Dummies and other recovery toys are good for training. In addition, you English toy terrier will have a lot of fun with chew toys, that also support dental health.

    Last but not least, but no less important, should provide your English toy terrier a comfortable dog bed. There are several dog beds, almost all of them suitable. Whether your terrier is allowed on the couch or in bed, you can also give him a dog blanket there.

    It is very important that you secure your English toy terrier in the car. An adapter for the belt buckles can be attached to the harness. This prevents skipping while driving and reduces the risk to your dog in the event of an accident. An alternative is to accustom your dog to a transport box. You can also take him on the train in a transport box if he is used to it.

    Images of the English Toy Terrier (black and tan)

    Photos:

    1 – ENGLISH TOY TERRIER, NO JV-14 NO UCH X-Pected Dine Mites X-Factor by Swedish Fair from Sweden / CC BY
    2 – English Toy Terrier (Black & So) by AkselHelp / CC BY-SA
    3 – English Toy Terrier by Lil Shepherd / CC BY
    4 – English Toy Terrier by Lil Shepherd / CC BY
    5 – English Toy Terrier by Lil Shepherd / CC BY
    6 – Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    6 – English toy terrier by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/883104

    English Toy Terrier Videos (black and tan)

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 13
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 4: Toy Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 3 – Section 4 Toy Terriers.
    • ​KC – Toy Group

    FCI English Toy Terrier Breed Standard (black and tan)

    English Toy Terrier (black and tan) FCI English Toy Terrier (black and tan) FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. ETT, English toy terrier (English).
      2. Toy terrier anglais noir et feu (French).
      3. English Toy Terrier (German).
      4. English Toy Terrier (Portuguese).
      5. Terrier miniatura negro y fuego, English toy terrier, Toy Terrier inglés, TERRIER INGLÉS DE JUGUETE NEGRO Y FUEGO (Spanish).

    Staffordshire bull terrier
    Gran Bretaña FCI 76 . Bull type Terriers

    Staffordshire bull terrier

    It is the smallest of the bull terriers and also the most popular in England..

    Content

    History

    As its name implies, the Staffordshire bull terrier comes from the English city of Stafford and is a cross between different terriers. In the 18th century the Staffordshire Bullterrier was especially popular with dog fighters and as a rat biter.. Unlike other countries, where the breed is considered a fighting dog, in Great Britain it is a very popular family dog. There the Staffordshire It's also called “Babysitter dog” or “Nurse dog” for its kindness to children and is one of the five most common dog breeds.

    Physical characteristics

    The Staffordshire Bullterrier he is medium in size and has a compact stature, muscular, almost bulky. The characteristic thing is his ears, that are up high and leaning slightly forward.

    Height:

    Height at the withers between 35,5 and 40,5 cm..

    Weight:

    Males should reach a weight of 12,7 – 17 kg, females weigh between 11 and 15,4 kg.

    Coat colors and length

    The coat of the Staffordshire bull terrier is short, smooth and simple. Can be the colors red, white, black, cervato, blue or tabby.

    Character and skills

    The character of Staffordshire Bull Terrier it depends a lot on your attitude. Has a fearless and courageous nature and is faithful and kind from the start. With a loving but strict attitude and a close family relationship, the Staffordshire can become a loving companion. In addition, he is considered faithful, persistent and dominant. These characteristics are unfortunately exploited by many dog ​​owners who rude the Staffordshire Bullterrier and train him to be strong and aggressive..

    Attitude with family connection

    In many countries the Staffordshire Bullterrier is classified as a dangerous fighting dog. Its maintenance is strongly restricted and the importation of the breed to many countries is prohibited. Apart from that, the Staffordshire it is easy to maintain, because it is very adaptable. It can be kept in a house as well as in a city apartment. Needs a family connection and proximity to his master. Therefore, not suitable for a kennel. The Staffordshire has a great need to move and likes to play. Daily exercise in combination with extensive ball games is, therefore, a need.

    Staffordshire Bullterrier Education

    The Staffordshire Bullterrier it is by no means a beginner dog. In the education of this breed it is important to bring out the traits of good character with consistency and loving rigor. Traits such as tenacity, dominance and fearlessness must be kept in check. Harsh training should be avoided so that the dog does not become aggressive and stubborn. To get used to Staffordshire Bullterrier other dogs and socialize them very well, a visit to the dog school is advisable. Especially important in education is hierarchy. Even as puppies, to the Staffordshire they like to test their limits and try to take command. However, as an owner you should never be intimidated by your dog and you should make it clear, but with love, that you are higher in the hierarchy.

    Health and care of the Staffordshire Bullterrier

    Coat care

    The coat of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier it is very easy to care for. An occasional brushing is enough to remove dirt and dust and stimulate blood circulation.

    Typical diseases

    As typical diseases, the Staffordshire Bullterrier may suffer from poor hip development (Hip Dysplasia) and elbows (elbow dysplasia) and dislocation of the patella (dislocation of patella). Eye diseases such as cataracts are also typical of the breed. However, most diseases can be caught early and treated well with a regular visit to the vet.

    Nutrition / Food

    A healthy and balanced diet is the basis for a long life for dogs. Feed the Staffordshire Bullterrier with high quality food and ingredients is, therefore, a need. The dog being fed dry food, wet or BARF is irrelevant. It is only important that the food is free of dyes, preservatives and sugar and is high in meat.

    The life expectancy of the Staffordshire Bullterrier

    If he Staffordshire remains in good health and is well cared for, easily reaches an age between 12 and 14 years.

    Buy a Staffordshire Bullterrier

    The Staffordshire It is classified as an attack dog in many countries and its maintenance is subject to a series of conditions. Before buying, one must therefore inform oneself thoroughly about the breed and restrictions. If the purchase decision is made, one must first look at various breeders and animals. As a registered breeder's dog, a Staffordshire Terrier It costs around 1000 EUR. A shelter dog, or from an animal welfare organization is much cheaper. Especially older dogs should not be accepted by beginners, because they can be more difficult in their education than puppies.

    Staffordshire bull terrier ratings

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Staffordshire bull terrier” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Staffordshire bull terrier images

    photos:

    1 – Staffordshire Bull Terrier by https://es.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Staffie.jpg
    2 – Staffordshire Bull Terrier by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-oegwc
    3 – Staffordshire Bull Terrier by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/343556
    4 – Profile shot of a white Staffordshire Bull Terrier by Public Domain – no attribution required / CC0
    5 – Brindle & white Staffordshire Bull Terrier by Serial Number 54129 / CC BY-SA
    6 – Staffordshire Bull Terrier, called “King”, in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia by Ashoornamrood / CC BY-SA
    7 – Black Staffordshire Bull Terrier sitting on a green lawn by Public Domain – no attribution required / CC0

    Videos of the Staffordshire bull terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 76
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 3: Bull type terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 3 – Section 3 Bull type Terriers.
    • AKC – Terriers
    • ANKC – Terriers
    • CKC – Terriers
    • ​KC – Terriers
    • NZKC – Terriers
    • UKC – Terriers

    Staffordshire bull terrier breed FCI standard

    STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER FCI STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Stafford, Staffy, (English).
      2. Stafford, SBT (French).
      3. SBT, Stafford (German).
      4. Staffbull, Staffie, SBT (Portuguese).
      5. Staffy, Stafford Inglés, Stafford (Spanish).

    Japanese Terrier
    Japón FCI 259 . Small sized Terriers.

    Japanese Terrier

    It hardly enjoys diffusion and is practically to be discovered.

    Content

    History

    In the middle of the Edo era, about 1700, a small dog appeared in Japan that looked a lot like the terrier type. It was the result of a cross between small Japanese dogs with English Fox Terrier Smooth, which was brought to the port of Nagasaki by Dutch sailors. At that time the port of Nagasaki was the only port open to western countries, especially the dutch. After several generations, some descendants of these dogs were bred as a type of Italian Greyhound.

    Around 1900, al final de la era Meiji, some of the best of the aforementioned dogs were seen in the Kobe district and called “Terriers de Kobe”. His type was something between modern Fox Terrier Smooth and the modern Japanese Terrier. They were the first terriers to be bred in Japan. This “Kobe Terrier” and some of their ancestors were also called “Oyuki Terrier” and “Mikado Terrier” and it is said that they were lovingly cared for by locals and also by foreigners.

    Around 1916 An ancestor of the Japanese Terrier appeared in the Nada district, near Kobe, a so-called dog “KURO” (born in 1913 in Kobe), that means “black” in Japanese. This dog was a cross between a English toy terrier and Bull Terrier miniature, both imported from western countries. These pups were raised with dogs of the aforementioned Kobe Terrier. The result was a very short haired dog, slim and small of the Terrier type and was called JAPANESE TERRIER (NIHON) since then. In those days, Osaka County's top breeders engaged in inbreeding and line breeding to consolidate appearance. Thanks to your efforts, the breed was firmly established in 1930.

    In 1932 NIHON TERIA CLUB was founded under the presidency of Tamara KIKUJIRO. The JAPANESE TERRIER was ideal for city dog ​​breeders and became fashionable.

    In 1940, where cities were built everywhere and with these cities grew the demand for a smaller and more active dog than the large guard dogs, the JAPANESE TERRIER became very popular. However, in all its history, this breed was twice threatened with extinction. The first time, during WWII and again, about 1948, due to loss of popularity among the Japanese, since other western races were more fashionable.

    Although the JAPANESE TERRIER was recognized by the F.C.I. (Federation Cynologique Internationale) in 1964, this breed was practically unknown outside of Japan.

    According to the documents, three basic lines of JAPANESE TERRIER were mentioned: “LANDMARK” (by Mr.. Nobuaki Shigematsu, Yamaguchi Prefecture), “APPLY” (by Mr.. Sumiko Amano, Hamamatsu City) and “TAMA TAKAHARA” (by Mr.. Jun Takahara, Such).

    Around 1985, there was less than 50 bitches available for breeding throughout Japan. After the great efforts of some volunteers, who were aware of the need for immediate protection of the race, the number of dogs had reached about 400 breeding dogs after seven years.

    Therefore, special mention must be made of the efforts of Mr.. Jun TAKAHARA, whose commitment made the JAPANESE TERRIER known beyond the borders of Japan.

    The breed was not seen in European countries until 1991, when a couple of Japanese Terriers arrived in France at the request of Mrs.. Luisa González de Castejón. Their dog names were “Kuroyuri Maru de Tama Takahara” (male) and “Keshinome Brains de Tama Takahara” (female).

    Another European breeder had also joined this adventure in the years 90: The Sr. Roberto Verde from Naples (Italy) he also owned three beautiful Japanese Terriers.

    Time and time again there have been and still are some breeders who care for this breed, but unfortunately it was not possible to establish a stable population in Europe.

    After 2 years of establishing contact with the Japanese breeder Mr.. Thoshihide OZAKI was able to import the FIRST JAPANESE TERRIER on 4.11.2014 to AUSTRIA. “YODOGIMI de OZAKI FARM JP” Born 28.06.2014. This dog was registered with the Austrian Kennel Club (ÖHZB) con JAPT 1.

    In order to create a breeding base, more dogs have been imported from Japan in recent years. In total 4 females were brought to Austria and two males (Ozaki Farm JP’s HIBIKI Swiss / 2017 & Ozaki Farm JP’s SHIN / 2018) were transferred to Switzerland. In 2017 the first Japanese Terrier was registered in Switzerland.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a small dog, elegant in appearance, and a defined and compact configuration.

    Shoulder height: 30 cm. – 33 cm.; Weight: a few 5 kg

    Fur: Short (2mm) smooth, dense and glossy; the coat does not need any additional care;

    Color: Head: Tricolor (fire and white); Body: Basic color white with small black or tan spots.

    The breeders of the JAPANESE TERRIER are very demanding in terms of appearance and color markings, that are sometimes considered more important than your sports skills. The ideal colors and markings in a Japanese Terrier are black, chocolate brown and beige: The head, ears and nose bone should be dark in color, black or chocolate brown. The muzzle to the nose and on each cheek and above each eye should be light brown. The lower jaw will be white. A clear “V” is visible on the neck. Occasionally there are also dark gray heads with light brown markings. However, this is considered to be the worst of the color variations. This is different with the deep black heads. This black color is allowed, because it reminds one of the old kobe dogs.

    Character and skills

    The JAPANESE TERRIER is not only a very intelligent puppy, but also mischievous and full of terrier temperament. Knowing him means loving him for his great sensitivity. Has a cheerful character and will participate in games with pleasure and joy. It is a one-man dog whose devotion flatters its owner. As an attentive house dog will warn of the approach of a stranger but without being aggressive. It is very easy to train and can learn all kinds of tricks. His greatest effort is to please his owner. As a sports partner he has great skills and innate instincts. Has an excellent sense of smell and good eyesight, but still has no hunting ambitions. It's never quarrelsome, She gets along well with other dogs, especially with his own race.

    It is an independent puppy, whose characteristics make it a pleasant “partner”. It is suitable for young people, for both athletes and the young at heart. And one thing is especially important for the little terrier: snuggling with its owner.

    Attitude: The Japanese terrier is a small dog, but still needs enough activity. It is the ideal companion for active people. Likes to learn and is therefore also suitable for mind games or dog sports that are suitable for small breeds.

    It is a “perro faldero” in the positive sense. But that's only if you're tired of the many races!

    With the kids:

    The JAPANESE TERRIER is very attached to its owners and enjoys a good snuggle. However, he is not a babysitter dog. As in all small dog breeds, small body size has advantages when traveling, but it becomes a disadvantage with – and I say it with affection – the clumsy hands of children. This means that when they have children, make sure children handle the dog with care. Offer the dog an area where he can retreat if he becomes too heavy for him. If this is observed, nothing stands in the way of positive cooperation.

    The correct nutrition of the Japanese Terrier

    Proper nutrition is extremely important to avoid diet-related diseases. It is important to have a balanced diet that suits your beloved. Due to its active nature, the Japanese Terrier has its own nutritional requirements. It is very agile, so you need to pay attention to a sufficient power supply.

    High-quality whole foods are precisely tailored to your dog's nutritional needs. This ensures a supply of all the nutrients your dog needs.. High-quality prepared foods have the advantage that no feed additives are needed.

    Terriers are often susceptible to allergies based on gluten-containing grains. In this case, you must ensure that the food contains other sources of carbohydrates. Rice or potatoes are a good alternative here. Food intolerance can lead to skin rashes, inflammation and digestive problems.

    It is recommended to feed your terrier several times a day in small portions. After each feeding, a pause in digestion must be ensured. You should refrain from eating before planned sports activities.

    Japanese Terrier Care

    Your Japanese Terrier's coat is extremely easy to care for, since it only measures about 2 cm long. Don't lose much, but you will enjoy removing loose hairs with a silicone glove. Even dandruff can be removed and the blood circulation of the skin is stimulated.

    Your terrier's hair doesn't grow too thick. Therefore, it is recommended to put on a coat during the cold months. If you stay outdoors for a longer period of time, protect your stomach and nose with sun milk.

    When caring for your terrier's teeth, you should make sure not to feed him any food that contains sugar. These damage teeth, which in turn can lead to serious digestive problems.

    The Japanese Terrier has a highly developed musculature, but its bone structure is quite fine. Therefore, the use of a dog harness is recommended instead of a collar. If you stay home alone for a while, chewing bones of an appropriate size can be used as a toy.

    Images of the Japanese Terrier

    Photos:

    1 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorski by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Pleple2000
    2 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorsk by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    3 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorski by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    4 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier on dogs show in Konopiska, Poland. The owner is Paweł Gąsiorski. by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    5 – A Japanese Terrier by Canarian / CC BY-SA
    6 – Bernie Lindsey, my dog by Bernielindsey44 at en.wikipedia / Public domain
    7 – At photo Amakakeru-Meiji White Oleander – Japanese Terrier. by Paweł Gąsiorski / CC BY-SA

    Videos of the Japanese Terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 259
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 2: Small-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers 2 Small sized Terriers.
    • Japan Kennel Club – Terriers
    • FCI Japanese Terrier Breed Standard

      JAPANESE TERRIER FCI JAPANESE TERRIER FCI

      Alternative names:

        1. Nippon Terrier, Nihon Teria, Nihon Terrier, Kobe Terrier, Mikado Terrier, Oyuki (snowy) Terrier (English).
        2. Nihon teria (French).
        3. Nippon-Terrier, Nishon-Terrier (German).
        4. nihon, nippon terrier (Portuguese).
        5. Nihon teria, Terrier Nipón, Terrier Japonés (Spanish).

    Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier
    Irlanda FCI 302 . Large and medium sized Terriers

    Glen of Imaal Terrier

    This Terrier is generally believed to be less excitable than the others, although it takes action immediately when prompted.

    Content

    History

    The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier originates from the Irish east coast, in county wicklow, which is in the ravine (=Valle) the Imaal. From this rough and wild valley this very old breed got its name. It was first mentioned around 1575.

    Like old farm dog, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier he had a very busy life and worked hard for his master. Their job was to catch rats and mice on farms and operate smaller work machines such as churns and shredders., where I had to run with leather straps. He also accompanied his master on the fox hunt, the Badger and Otter. He worked in silence and if necessary he fought to the death. Before it was banned in Ireland, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier also used in questionable dogfights. Of course, he was also the most loyal friend and guarded the house and the yard, never shied away from facing a much bigger and stronger opponent.

    For its owner, the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier was as important as his daily bread, although undemanding, frugal and tough enough to share the barren life of farmers. This harsh life brought with it a ruthless selection. Only the toughest and most frugal Terriers survived, what characterizes the breed until today.

    The pedigree of Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it's an irish secret to this day. In Ireland itself, this Terrier has never been numerous and did not leave his ancestral home until 1980, when the owners preserved him as a true child of nature, marked by great courage, skill and endurance. In 1933 the breed was officially recognized by the Irish Kennel Club ( I.K.C.). The international recognition of the F.C.I. continued on 1981.

    Physical characteristics

    The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is small but strong and robust and weighs up to 16 kilograms with a maximum height at the withers of 36 centimeters. Its relatively small forward leaning ears are notable.. Its coat is medium length and consists of a rough top layer and a smooth bottom layer. It can be wheat colored, tabby blue or in different shades of red and gold. In the case of a dark colored coat, a black-blue mask is common, which can also show as stripes over the ears, along the back and tail, so these marks become clearly clearer with increasing age.

    Character and skills

    Today the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is a gentle and docile family dog. Its balanced and faithful nature, as well as his average temperament make life with him very pleasant. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is very affectionate, always happy and in a good mood and preferably “in the middle”. Enjoy all the attention and care, but without demanding anything. Rather, follows her around with her alert gaze and once she has gained attention, shows his joy for it with strong tail blows. If the joy is particularly great, his temperament can also run away with him.

    Children are welcome as playmates, if they show him the respect that he shows. Pets are accepted by him without problems when they get used to each other. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier she is always friendly with strangers, and with his contagious joy, her charm and her irresistible gaze quickly has all the sympathies on her side. After all, it is a terrier that radiates a lot of personality. He is open-minded and not afraid to learn new things. He likes to be everywhere with his nose. In general, everything that is new – Weird people, new environments, an object that has not been there before – it is very interesting and has to be examined very carefully. The Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier is a particularly attentive observer. Along with her charming nature and her desire to do everything right, is very adaptable and develops a very close relationship with his family. He likes to accompany them whenever possible. Like a very people-oriented terrier, I would defend them in an emergency, even to death. Feel more comfortable in your proximity.

    What characterizes him Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is his great courage, his self-confidence and his intelligence above average. Sufficient workload and intellectual work are important to the intelligent four-legged friend. Enjoy almost all activities, be it sports with dogs, search games or learning tricks – is available for all kinds of fun.

    Despite its short legs, it is very agile, due to his muscular physique, a small power. Its special features are its slightly curved front legs with the legs turned outwards, his big head and his pronounced chest. The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier it is a very balanced dog, that radiates great calm on the one hand, but on the other hand you are immediately ready for action and, if required, vigorously watches over and defends your home and family.

    The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier – the little irish with a big heart

    Like a silent working terrier it hardly barks. It is also less excitable than other terriers. Sometimes you can see the Irish stubbornness, but the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier not resentful. Due to its origin it does not tolerate heat very well, he likes harsh weather and when the wind blows around his nose. But if the chemistry is not correct, or if the other dog brazenly approaches him, you will receive the message – “Glen doesn't like your attitude”. Therefore, it is important to socialize with other dogs from the beginning and to have contact with many dogs of different ages.

    Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier Care

    Because the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier still very original and not over-bred, still a very healthy and robust breed. Its coat has a rough top coat with a smooth undercoat that needs to be trimmed. In all other respects, his self-cleaning coat is very easy to care for. Coat color is wheat or Brindle (Blue striped).

    A consistent but loving upbringing makes the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier a faithful companion, nice and gentle, which is easy to handle.

    Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier Life Expectancy

    The Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier is considered an original dog breed, that is in good health and robustness due to the absence of hereditary diseases caused by breeding. If maintained in a species-appropriate manner, will live an average of twelve years.

    Images of the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier

    Photos:

    1 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    2 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    3 – Adult w:Glen of Imaal Terrier by photo by Scoo / CC BY-SA
    4 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    5 – Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier during International show of dogs in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. Breeder – Piotr Kuźnik, http://www.irishglen.pl/ by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    6 – Glen of Imaalinterrieri by Sami Kronqvist / CC BY-SA

    Videos of the Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 302
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
    • AKC – Terriers
    • ANKC – Terriers
    • CKC – Terriers
    • ​KC – Terriers
    • NZKC – Terriers
    • UKC – Terriers

    FCI standard of the breed Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier

    IRISH GLEN OF IMAAL TERRIER FCI IRISH GLEN OF IMAAL TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Irish Glenn of Imaal Terrier, Wicklow Terrier, Glen, Glennie (English).
      2. Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (French).
      3. Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (German).
      4. Glen of imaal terrier (Portuguese).
      5. Glen, Wicklow Terrier, Glen of Imaal Terrier, Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (Spanish).

    Brazilian terrier
    Brasil FCI 341 - Large and medium-sized Terrier.

    Brazilian Terrier

    Due to his easy training and physical abilities, in Brazil it is used as a circus dog.

    Content

    History

    Although the Brazilian terrier was originally from Brazil, his ancestors did not come from South America, but mainly from Europe. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many Brazilian youths studied at European universities, especially in England and France. It was not uncommon for them to come home married and their wives sometimes brought small terrier dogs with them. These were mixed with the native males and females, so a breed of dog developed, whose members looked different and literally strange.

    But in a few generations the phenotype of the Brazilian terrier. It is believed to be the result of crossing Pinscher, Chihuahua and Jack Russel Terrier.

    By the way, the Brazilian terrier became familiar with the different living conditions in Brazil: At first families with their dogs lived in the countryside before being attracted to the big urban centers, that gradually developed. The Brazilian terrier used to serve primarily as a rat hunter. In the meantime, However, its field of application has been expanded: they are excellent guard and family dogs.

    Selective breeding of this breed of dog, highly appreciated in Brazil but almost unknown in Europe, started around 1970. The Brazilian terrier was provisionally recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) in 1995 and from 2007 is completely included as a breed in the catalog of the largest cynological organization in the world. Bears the standard number 341 and is in the group 3 (terriers), section 1 (Large and medium-sized terriers).

    Physical characteristics

    The Brazilian terrier is a dog's size medium, slim and harmonious construction. Its square body with rounded outer lines is firm but not too heavy. The weight of an adult animal is a maximum of eight to ten kilograms. This applies to both males and females, although the height at the withers is different in both: While reaching 35 a 40 centimeters in males, it's just 33 a 38 centimeters in females.

    Interesting and unusual is that Brazilian terrier have different tail lengths from birth: From a rudimentary stump on a medium long tail to a full tail, you can find the most varied expressions. This characteristic characteristic of the breed gives the Brazilian terrier an individual appearance and does not detract from its charm, on the contrary.

    The dog also owes its special charisma to the small folded ears, as well as the big round blue eyes, green, brown, Bluish gray or reddish brown with an open and lively look. The head seems very expressive. It has a triangular shape and is wide at the base. The face narrows noticeably from the widely spaced ears to the tip of the nose. Due to the relatively distinctive groove on the forehead, seems thoughtful.

    The short coat, smooth, fine and tight dog feels very nice, a bit like the hair of a rat. No underwear. Especially soft areas are found on the head, the ears, the bottom of the neck and the inside of the front legs. As a rule, a Brazilian terrier it's tricolor. The basic color is always white. It is flanked by black marks, blue and / or brown red, they provide a distinctive pattern. Over and over you hear and read that the Brazilian terrier has strong similarities to Fox Terrier. This is undeniable, but there are visible differences: the Brazilian's muzzle is much shorter and the body contours appear more rounded, while the body of the Fox Terrier is more angular.

    Character and skills

    The character of Brazilian terrier can be described, justly, as little complicated. Their social behavior is once again much better than that of other types of terrier. For example, the stubbornness of Russel and I shake it off Fox Terrier are much less present in South America. He is very friendly with the people he meets and in relation to contact with their owners, one can use terms like “loving” and “Tender”. Also with other dogs the Brazilian terrier usually gets along smoothly.

    Like your relatives in the terrier family, the Brazilian terrier it is extremely spirited, and therefore active and lively. You could also say: a real brazilian. As a result, need plenty of exercise. He loves to accompany runners and hikers and frolic with children., but is content with fun adventures in the park without complaining. But please, pay attention to the variety: The dog finds both pleasure in ball games and recovery. It moves freely and elegantly. Typical are the short and fast steps.

    The Brazilian terrier is considered a smart dog – but of course this requires a certain amount of activity, not just outside, but also inside the house or the apartment. Its high level of attention and the fact that it is initially reserved towards strangers, his above average barking often qualifies him as a watchdog. It is also worth mentioning the dog's ability to empathize in almost any situation..

    In short, It is an excellent dog for home and family or social, which can be easily trained with a successful mix of gentle and patient guidance. Canine sports enthusiast (agility, fly-ball). In addition, gets along very well with horses, making it an excellent companion for horse owners. Thanks to his pleasant character, the Brazilian terrier also suitable as a beginner dog for people who have had little or no experience of active dog ownership to date.

    Considering its origin, the Brazilian terrier is naturally used to tropical temperatures. For this reason it is recommended to give up the breed if you live in very cold and rainy climates.

    Care and health of the Brazilian Terrier

    The maintenance of Brazilian terrier it's comparatively easy. This is mainly due to the short, smooth coat without undercoat. The dog hardly loses hair, so it is also suitable for allergy sufferers who have to do without the four-legged friends of other races for health reasons.

    Talking about health:

    Another positive aspect is that the Brazilian terrier they are particularly resistant to diseases and have a high life expectancy. On average, they live on 12 a 15 years. Only with respect to the ears is necessary caution: Dogs have what are known as slanted ears, which means that the ear canal is angled. This makes ventilation of the inner ear somewhat more difficult., which promotes the settlement of bacteria and fungi and significantly increases the probability of a dangerous ear infection. For this reason, the ears of the Brazilian terrier must be cleaned regularly and thoroughly. To do this, earlobes and special ear cleaners are used. These agents help loosen dirt and wax from the ear and, therefore, keep the quadruped healthy. Important: Never use cotton swabs. They would have a counterproductive effect.

    Images of the Brazilian Terrier

    Photos:

    1 – Brazilian terrier – Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    2 – Juliana Lopes / CC BY by Brazilian Terrier, uploaded from Flickr
    3 – Matt Hidalgo / CC BY-SA by Filomena and one more of their faces =) (Brazilian Terrier)
    4 – Terrier brasileño by Sini Merikallio / CC BY-SA
    5 – The 4 genetically possible colours of Terrier Brasileiro. From left to right: Tricolor black, tricolor brown, tricolor blue, tricolor isabela by TerrierBrasileiroDaPedraFilosofal / CC BY-SA
    6 – Terrier brasileño by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/548786
    7 – Terrier brasileño by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1188027

    Videos of the Brazilian Terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 341
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Terriers. Section 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
    • CBKC

    FCI Standard of the Brazilian Terrier breed

    BRAZILIAN TERRIER FCI BRAZILIAN TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Fox Paulistinha (English).
      2. terrier brasileiro (French).
      3. Terrier Brasileiro (German).
      4. Fox paulistinha, Foquinho (Portuguese).
      5. Fox Paulistinha, Terrier Brasileiro (Spanish).

    Karst Shepherd
    Eslovenia FCI 278 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Karst Shepherd

    Karst Shepherd a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd.

    Content

    History

    The Karst Shepherd It is a breed that has existed for several centuries and belongs to the group of molosoids. Probably, This dog followed the Illyrian tribe in their migration through Styria and the Dalmatian islands and settled in the Slovenian region of the Karst Massif.. The first time that race is referred to in writing is in 1689, in the book of Baron Janez Vajkart Valvasor entitled «The glory of the Duchy of Carniole». The breed and its standard were officially recognized on 2 in June of 1939 with the name of " Iliria Shepherd »During the F.C.I general assembly. in stockholm. During the F.C.I general assembly. in Bled-Slovenia in 1948, the standard was completed and the breed recognized again. However, to 16 in March of 1968, the Iliria Shepherd from the Karst massif, bore the same name as the Shepherd of the Sarplanina massif. In front of two shepherd dogs with the same name, The Yugoslav Central Society decided to name the one from the Karst region "Shepherd of the Karst massif" and the other " Sarplaninac ». Since then, these two races are totally independent.

    Physical characteristics

    Externally, the Karst Shepherd they are hardly distinguishable from those of Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina. They are on average slightly smaller than their relatives who live further south, but the height at the cross accepted for breeding is the same for both breeds.

    It is a dog's size medium, harmoniously built, robust, with well-developed muscles and a strong constitution.

    The head is big, with powerful teeth. The eyes are almendrados, brown or almost black. The ears are inserted moderately high and fall flat in the form of “V”. The tail, wide at the base, takes the form of a saber, drawing a light hook with the tip should reach the hock.
    Hair: quite long, reaches the 14 cm.; the undercoat is well developed.

    • Color: grey iron. A dark shade is preferable on the cross; towards the abdomen and feet the color changes without visible transition to light gray or even sand color, with a dark gray band across the lower extremities. The dark mask on the head surrounded by beige gray hair.
    • Size: males, of 57 a 63 cm. (ideal 60 cm.); females, of 54 a 60 cm. (ideal 57 cm.).

    Character and skills

    The Karst Shepherd is a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd. It is very territorial, brave and vigilant, but without biting. He is distrustful and even hostile to strangers, but a loyal and devoted companion of his master and his family.

    The born Guardian needs early and careful socialization and loving but consistent education. He only submits to clear leadership.
    Like all guard dogs, the Karst Shepherd is late developing, reaches mental maturity only at 3-4 years.

    He loves country life and being outdoors. Its ideal habitat is a house with a large parcel of land that it can monitor. With a close family relationship and a task that fits your natural waking instinct. The Karst Shepherd he's a nice companion dog, kind and also obedient, but he will never completely detach himself from his strong independence.

    Overall Karst Shepherd It:

    • Incorruptible guard in the house
    • Does not get along with other dogs.
    • Patient, but still affectionate
    • Forgiving with children

    Karst Shepherd Education and Maintenance

    Only conditionally suitable for the city.
    Outside the mountainous regions of Slovenia, these dogs are very rarely found. This is because, on the one hand, to his great need to move and, on the other hand, to the high demands of their education. The Karst Shepherd are more individual than other sheepdog breeds, since they are often left to their own devices in their “natural habitat” and protect herds independently. An experienced owner with a lot of patience and a sense of mind for your dog will have little trouble educating his Karst Shepherd towards an obedient and calm companion.

    Karst Shepherd Health

    The Karst Shepherd it's quite healthy for a sheepdog, but suffers from some typical breed problems. On average, they reach an age of 10 a 12 years and therefore become significantly older than most German shepherds. The Karst Shepherd, living in a family environment, they are less susceptible to disease than animals that have to sleep in kennels and are permanently exposed to the weather. Boredom is also a stressor and affects the mind and health of dogs..

    Its claws must be shortened regularly.
    They have sensitive ears that swell quickly.
    Very long-growing dogs suffer more often from so-called dachshund paralysis (intervertebral disc disorders).
    Dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints are also more common in these dogs..

    Buy a Karst Shepherd

    Several breeders of the Karst Shepherd they are members of the Dog Club of Southern and Eastern Europe.
    Some Slovenian breeders offer their dogs for export.
    Pay attention to good breeding conditions!
    As the Karst Shepherd they are very rare outside of Slovenia, you will hardly be able to visit the breeder before buying. If you have the possibility, Combine buying a puppy with a multi-week vacation in Slovenia. If your puppy already knows you, you will feel much less stress during the transfer and during the first adaptation phase. You can also check the conservation conditions during a visit to the breeder.

    Karst Shepherd Images

    Photos:

    1 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
    2 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    3 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    4 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
    5 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

    Karst Shepherd Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 278
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Karst Shepherd breed FCI standard

    KARST SHEPHERD DOG FCIKARST SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. KARST SHEPHERD DOG, kraški ovčar, kraševec (English).
      2. Kraski Ovcar (French).
      3. Illyrischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor da Ístria (Portuguese).
      5. kraški ovčar (Spanish).

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