Germany FCI 148 - Dachshund


Although it is kept as a companion dog, the Dachshund is still a passionate hunting dog, persistent, fine and agile nose.



The Dachshund he is a very special dog, not only for its unique appearance. Even today it remains a versatile hunting dog and of course a family dog.. It is probably the only small dog that is still regularly used for work. In times past it was called “Dachshund” and that is still their official breed name today. The specialty of Sausage dog, what hunters like to call it, is hunting.

The Dachshund He was sent to the caves to take a badger from its burrow. He should not fear that great defensive marten that, After all, he could easily counter double his weight to the brave Dachshund in the battle. Even today the Dachshund are still used for hunting foxes and rabbits. In addition, proves himself in search and sweat work.

Today, the Dachshund it is one of the most popular hunting dogs in Germany and in many other countries. And it is also one of the most popular companion dogs. Since primitive times, the low-breasted sausage has been bred as a hunting dog. They are already shown in the photos of the ancient Egyptians. As early as the Middle Ages, dogs were described and painted that look almost exactly like our own. dachshunds from today. Also the purposes were the same.

The Dachshund It is one of the dog breeds that were and continue to be the most resistant and one of which for the longest time has been entrusted with a task at the service of man. With the rise of modern dog breeding, the modern Dachshund was born in germany. Already in 1888 the German Club of Dachshund. It is the oldest sausage breeding club and the second oldest purebred dog club in Germany..

Dachshund normal
Dachshund standard variety

There are three varieties of Dachshunds according to the size that in turn are subdivided each one into three sub-varieties depending on the length of their fur:

1 – Standard

  • to – Long-haired
  • b – Smooth-haired
  • c – Wire-haired

Dachshund Miniature
Miniature dachshund

2 – Miniature

  • to – Long-haired
  • b – Smooth-haired
  • c – Wire-haired

3 – Rabbit Dachshund

  • to – Long-haired
  • b – Smooth-haired
  • c – Wire-haired
Rabbit Dachshund
dachshund for rabbit hunting

It is said that the spaniels were bred in the past by the long-haired dachshund, while the wire-haired dachshund had a terrier among its ancestors.

What is your correct name: Teckel, Dachshund o Dackel?

All three names are correct. The name “Dahshunt” (derived from badger), late middle ages, became “Dächsel” at the beginning of the 18th century, in the second half of that century in “Teckel” in northern Germany and later, towards the end of the 19th century – as a short tiny shape – “Dackel“.

Physical characteristics

The main external characteristic of the Dachshund it's his downfall, called chondrodystrophy. This chondrodystrophy is a mutation of the cartilage that, among other things, produces dwarfism in long bones. This has been established in ancient times and maybe even before that, since such dogs are very useful to humans. For example, both hunting and working in tight spaces. The humble character of Dachshund is combined with an elongated and slim body.

The Dachshund breeds in two lines: as a hunting dog and as a companion dog. Lovers of dog shows also move in the line of companion dogs, where it's over and over again at the expense of the well-being and health of dogs, for example if dogs are bred too long and too short.

The Standard dachshund has a chest circumference of more than 35 centimeters and weighs between four and nine kilograms. The Miniature dachshund have a circumference of 30 to 35 centimeters at the bust and weighing between three and four kilograms, the Rabbit Dachshund, about three kilograms in weight, but no less.

Character and skills

The Dachshund he is a hunting dog and has never been a lap dog. It is a small dog, very large. In the burrow, the Dachshund he is a persistent solitary hunter and must make decisions independently. A strong will, perseverance and great courage are other qualities that are required for hunting. These requirements have had a lasting effect on his character.. He's self-confident and sometimes stubborn, but contrary to popular opinion he is extremely well mannered and manageable. He is a true professional. His stubbornness makes up a good part of his special charm, that you not only have to accept but you like. He is friendly and not submissive, shows your opinion and is neither fearful nor aggressive. He also has a well-balanced temperament. Although it is kept as a companion dog, the Dachshund still a passionate hunting dog, persistent, fine and agile nose. Can be trained well – also for dog sports.

Dachshund care

The Dachshund has no special demands regarding its maintenance. He loves his humans, either in a small apartment or in the country with a large garden. However, you should never expect me to climb the stairs, at least not regularly. The Dachshund he is a hunter and a dog who enjoys nature. Regular excursions must be allowed, if possible daily, to the nature. Despite its short legs, the Dachshund has amazing resistance. It is always impressive to see with what zeal, speed and endurance this dog runs through nature. It is not unusual for him to accompany his master or carer when he runs, but this doesn't have to be the rule. Like a sturdy little dog, the Dachshund can be carried everywhere without problems. In a restaurant or hotel, he knows how to behave. The Dachshund it is an excellent family dog. Can be problematic with other pets due to their hunting instincts. This can be changed during the puppy stage if the dog gets used to it and is educated accordingly.

Coat and muzzle should be checked daily. The coat should be brushed regularly. The Dachshund wire-haired needs to be trimmed.

Dachshund education

Despite his passion for hunting, the Dachshund is a dog for everyone, whether hunter or non-hunter. Contrary to popular opinion, he is a well trained dog. You just have to earn it as a partner consistently and with conviction and patience. Then he gives his proverbial trusting nature the warm “look of Dachshund“. Is never submissive; has strong self-confidence with a strong will of his own. This must be respected, even appreciated. Each Dachshund has its own individual character. It should not be misinterpreted as a lapdog, must be challenged and above all his individual personality must be accepted. It can then be coached and managed consistently on the basis of the bonds of friendship.. With a little commitment, this is also possible for a less experienced beginner.

Typical Dachshund Diseases

The Dachshund enjoy robust overall health. You just have to be careful that the dogs are not too small, too long, too light and not too short legs. Also show breeds, in which dogs are judged on their external appearance, should be considered with caution. The Dachshund occasionally suffers from paralysis of the Dachshund It is named. It is a special sliding disc, that has the same inherited causes as your lack of movement. In addition, diseases of the heart valves, rheumatic diseases and idiopathic epilepsy are more common. La endogamia, mating with extreme features like dwarf -exaggerated proportion (short legs, long back)- represents a considerable risk to health and dramatically shortens life expectancy.

Nutrition / Food

The Dachshund has no special nutritional requirements. For your general fitness, especially with regard to the risk of paralysis of the Dachshund, you must take care that it stays strong and slim.

The life expectancy of the Dachshund

The Dachshund belongs to the healthy breeds, vital and long-lived. This is because, among other things, for use as a professional hunting dog. He often reaches the age of 12 to 15 years without any problem, sometimes even more.

Buy a Dachshund

If you want to buy puppies, you should be the first to decide if you want to have a Dachshund as a hunting helper or as a family companion. You should only buy your Dachshund to a recognized local breeder. You can also look at the local animal shelter. Puppies usually cost between 1.000 and 1.500 EUR.

Ratings of Dachshund

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Dachshund” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Dachshund


1 – Dachshund standard straight hair by Katemil94 / CC BY-SA
2 – A long-haired Dachshund puppy by Tam Tam from Shizuoka, JAPAN / CC BY-SA
3 – A red and tan smooth haired Dachshund by Raven Underwood / CC BY
4 – Dachshund in Cannes by Tiia Monto / CC BY-SA
5 – A Wirehaired Dachshund Sleeping in the Sun by Jeuwre / CC BY-SA
6 – Dachshund running in a green field by Dan Bennett / CC BY

Videos of the Dachshund

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 4: Terriers.
  • Section 1: Dachshunds. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 4 – Section 1 Dachshund.
    • AKC – Dachshund
    • ANKC – Dachshund
    • CKC – Dachshund
    • ​KC – Dachshund
    • NZKC – Dachshund
    • UKC – Dachshund

    FCI standard of the Dachshund breed

    Dachshund FCI Dachshund FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Doxie, Wiener dog/hotdog, Sausage dog, weenie dog (English).
      2. chien-saucisse (French).
      3. Dackel, Teckel (German).
      4. Cachorro salsicha, Teckel (Portuguese).
      5. Perro vienesa, Perro longaniza, Perro salchicha (Spanish).
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