Russkiy Toy
Rusia FCI 352 . Continental Toy Spaniel and others

Russkiy Toy

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible.

Content

History

The “Russkiy Toy” it is a recent breed of dog, but its history began in the 18th century, in Russia, with the importation of many English Toy Terrier. One of them was even adopted by Emperor Peter I the Great (1672-1725), durante los últimos años de su vida y su reinado.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the popularity of Toy Terrier rose among the Russian aristocracy. They became an essential element, y a principios del siglo XX se habían convertido claramente en un símbolo de prestigio. Participating in cultural events and social gatherings with a well-behaved little dog became the norm of the good society of the time.

Although many of these dogs were imported from Great Britain, la mayoría nacieron en Rusia, y un programa de cría suelta ya había comenzado a diferenciarlos gradualmente de sus antepasados. Presentes en las exposiciones caninas rusas desde hace algún tiempo, they began to officially call each other Russian toy terriers at an exhibition held in St. Petersburg in 1907, where they were exposed 11 specimens.

The revolution of 1917 I was going to change things: associated with the aristocracy, the Russian Toy Terrier experienced a sudden and brutal decline, that left him on the brink of extinction. A few breeders tried to preserve the breed, pero se enfrentaron a muchas dificultades en una época en la que la cría de perros estaba dirigida por el régimen, which instead encouraged the development of dogs that could be used by the military.

The death of Josef Stalin in 1953 alivió las restricciones y algunos criadores de Moscú, St. Petersburg, Svendlosk and Irkutsk were able to revive the breed. But after 40 years, no había más ejemplares con ascendencia perfectamente conocida y características puras, so they had to start from scratch, a partir de individuos con características similares a los conocidos anteriormente.

The year 1958 marked a turning point for the breed, when a guy named Chicky was born with long hair and fringed ears and tail. Until then, todos los representantes de la raza tenían un pelaje liso y corto. La criadora Yevghenina Zharova quiso preservar estas características y lo cruzó con una hembra con un pelaje más largo que la media e inició un programa de cría específico. His initiative was crowned with success: starting at 1966 y de la creación de un estándar específico, these dogs were considered as belonging to a breed other than the Russian Toy Terrier and they were called Toy Terrier de pelo largo de Moscú.

The year 1988 marked another turning point, because the Russian Cynological Federation (RKF), the reference organization in Russia, then decided to unify short hair and long hair again under the same standard, considering them as two varieties of the same breed.

In the following years, tras la caída del telón de acero en 1989, the first copies of Russian Toy Terrier They were able to go out to conquer Europe and the breed began to develop, en particular en Finlandia y en los países del Este.

However, the opening of the borders also brought about the entry of new breeds into Russia, who replaced local dogs in the hearts of dog lovers. As a result, en la década de 1990, this dog was again on the brink of extinction in Russia. However, on the one hand, ya se había impuesto en el extranjero y, for another, los criadores rusos consiguieron mantener un acervo genético suficiente en su país para mantener la raza sana.

In the first decade of 2000, things sped up. In 2006, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally and gave it the official name of Russkiy Toy, removing the name of Terrier. Two years later, in 2008, a breed club was founded in the United States (Russian Toy Club of America), and that same year the United Kennel Club (UKC) American also accepted the breed. El American Kennel Club (AKC) did the same in 2010 by including it in your Foundation Stock Service (FSS), a step prior to full recognition.

In 2017, the Russkiy Toy obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI, así como del famoso Kennel Club (KC) British. In fact, hoy en día está reconocido por la mayoría de las grandes organizaciones caninas nacionales – is the case, in particular, del Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), for example.

Today, the AKC is present in almost all of Europe, but it is still rare in the United States, which explains why the final recognition of the AKC is still pending.

In Great Britain, annual records around the KC have been around 50 since the acceptance of the breed in 2017.

This figure is higher in France, where they were registered between 100 and 150 nacimientos en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF) in 2010, which shows that this dog, aunque siga siendo relativamente discreto en el país, ha conseguido encontrar su público.

Photo: One Russkiy Toy of 20 meses by Skest at German Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Russkiy Toy bears his name well, as it belongs to the smallest dog breeds in the world on the particular sides of the Chihuahua, del que comparte varias características.

Its square body with a raised belly is higher at the neck than the rump. The extremities, de huesos finos y músculos delgados, they are quite long, giving the impression that they are high on the legs. The tail is relatively short, carried in the shape of a sickle or saber, and fringed in the case of long-haired dogs. In areas where tail docking is permitted, docked tail is accepted, as long as a stump is left with 2 a 4 vertebrae.

The head is small in proportion to the body, with a clearly marked stop. The muzzle is pointed and ends in a preferably black nose. The eyes are large, round and very expressive. your colour must be as darkest as possible. The ears, which are a distinctive feature of the breed, They are set high and sustained. Big and thin, they form two isosceles triangles in the skull. The long-haired variety is covered with long, thick hair that falls in a plume shape.

This dog has no undercoat. However, upper hair differs from dog to dog, to the point that there are two varieties of the breed: the one with straight hair is short, smooth and shiny, while the one with long hair has a medium length (of 3 a 5 cm.). Estos últimos también tienen flecos en las orejas y en la cola, that cover the entire outside of the ear when mature.

Multiple coat colors are allowed: black and tan, Brown and fire, Blue and fire, lilac and fire, and red with blue, brown or black. There are also some smooth dogs: his fur is red, leonado or cream. El color más común es el negro y el fuego.

Last, there is no real sexual dimorphism in this breed: males and females are roughly the same size and appearance.

Size and weight

Size: 20 – 28 cm.
Weight: 1 – 3 kg

Varieties

National and international canine associations usually distinguish between two varieties of Russkiy Toy: the of smooth hair, sometimes called shorthair, and the of Longhair. Although it is not usual, since the breeders of Russkiy Toy they usually specialize in one or the other, these varieties can be crossed: then mixed litters are obtained, composed of both short-haired and long-haired individuals.

The long-haired variety, con sus flecos específicos en las orejas, is the most sought after by fans, y también la más común. It has a semi-long coat (between 3 and 5 cm.) in the body, mientras que la cola y las orejas están cubiertas de un pelaje largo y espeso que forma unos flecos característicos.

The straight hair variety, on the other hand, has a short smooth shiny looking top coat. Historically, the first representatives of the breed were all short-haired.

None of the varieties of Russkiy Toy has undercoat. In general, apart from its fur, son perfectamente idénticos en cuanto a carácter y características físicas.

Character and skills

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible. Your attachment can even turn into possessiveness and, if i wasn't well socialized, can be overtly threatening (insofar as your size allows) towards those who get too close to their master. He also tends to distrust strangers, at least at the beginning: if you see that they are invited to the house, quickly curious to know more about them.

If you are able to stay alone for a few hours, will quickly become anxious if absent for a long time (especialmente si esto ocurre casi todos los días) and can then behave destructively. The presence of a small companion in the home can be a pertinent solution to help you not see time pass when your master is at work and reduce the risk of separation anxiety.. Usually, your pet will get along with other animals, already be partners, cats, rodents or reptiles, y esto suele ser así incluso con los que no viven en tu casa. However, be careful not to be disturbed or scared by this barking and hyperactive puppy. And don't forget that a cat is usually much bigger, quick and better armed in case of discussion…

In any case, lives perfectly in an apartment, as long as your need for exercise is met. Esta última es además relativamente consecuente por su tamaño, ya que es necesario recorrerla al menos media hora al día. In other words, carry you in a bag, in a dog stroller or even in the arms of its owner is not the best gift that can be given, since you need to stretch your legs. However, si vive en una casa con jardín en el campo, puede ser peligroso dejarlo solo en el jardín, because its size makes it a potential prey for many wild animals: birds Raptors, foxes, weasels…

Like other miniature dog breeds, no es realmente consciente de esto último, so it is able to put itself in dangerous situations. No doubt, for example, to provoke a dog that weighs more than 20 times its weight, without worrying about the possible consequences. Therefore, it is better to lead him on a leash when he goes out and teach him to curb his burning.

To the smart Russkiy Toy he likes to be stimulated intellectually. Dog games and puzzles can be a great way to keep him busy while his owners are out and about., and loves to learn new tricks. You can also participate in dog sports such as obedience and agility, but its small size makes it difficult to compete.

On the other hand, not recommended for families with young children. In effect, its small size and its fragility mean that it can be easily mistreated by the little ones, and the accident risks are very real – for the two protagonists, In addition. You can be seriously injured by a small car thrown at you in a moment of anger, just as he can respond by biting if his tail or ears are pulled. What's more, a dog should never be left alone unsupervised with a young child, and that is valid whatever your race.

Last, the Russkiy Toy barks often. Its high-pitched voice is an excellent alarm in case of threat, but it is also likely to quickly anger the neighbors.

Education

Like all its fellow men, the Russkiy Toy needs to be socialized from the first weeks. This is all the more important as you tend to be cautious: only successful socialization can allow you to become a sociable and balanced adult. Therefore, need to meet many people (family, friends…) but also other animals, be it dogs, cats or rodents.

The fact that he is intelligent and likes to be liked greatly facilitates his education. Learning to clean and remember orders is usually not a problem. If the family is patient and firm, it is possible to go much further, since they can also learn many tricks.

Positive reinforcement is the best method to reach and educate the best possible Russkiy Toy. The moods, caresses and treats are real motivations for him, and quickly learns to do everything possible to satisfy his Master.

In fact, the Russkiy Toy It is a breed of dog adapted for a beginner, pero su amo nunca debe olvidar que un perro necesita un líder que lo dirija. Este papel de líder, it is he who must exercise it. Su compañero necesita límites, which must be immutable, taxes from a very young age and consistent over time, así como de un miembro de la familia a otro. If he is allowed to do what he wants when he is little, o si las normas son diferentes según el día de la semana o la persona, you don't know what to expect and your behavior is affected.

It is about the famous “síndrome del perro pequeño”, común a todas las razas en miniatura: little by little adopts unacceptable attitudes (do not leave space on the sofa, growl at his master, steal food…) but ignored by their master, who remains hypnotized by his little one and “beautiful” partner. As nothing stops you, esta laxitud le anima a llevar los límites cada vez más lejos, to the point of gradually taking control of the house. The longer the owner waits to take control of the situation and allow bad habits to take root, más difícil le resultará volver a poner en orden a su compañero. To avoid this, rules should be clear and instilled from the start, and then apply in all circumstances, without exception. In the same logic, it is not advisable to hold him in your arms too often, sobre todo si se trata de desplazarse con él cuando podría igualmente pasear al lado de su amo, because not only does it not help him to live his dog life and spend, but it can also provoke a tendency to dominate.

Health

The Russkiy Toy is particularly robust and poses little risk of disease.

However, es sensible a las temperaturas extremas y debe protegerse tanto del calor como del frío.Cuando el termómetro está subiendo, you should limit your activities to the coolest hours and not let it stay too long in the sun, while adog coatno es demasiado cuando tiene que salir en tiempo frío.En cualquier caso, has no vocation to spend most of his time outdoors: its natural place is inside the house.

Among the conditions that can affect the breed, the most commons are:

  • impacted tooth, cuando un diente de leche no se cae y por lo tanto no da paso a un diente adulto en crecimiento.Este es un problema bastante común, which is solved without great difficulty by a veterinarian;
  • the patellar dislocation, a kneecap problem: deja su posición y obliga al perro a cojear para moverse.Este problema es relativamente común en todos los perros pequeños y, sometimes, requiere cirugía;
  • the progressive retinal atrophy, degeneration of eye tissues leading to total blindness It is an inherited disease and carriers are normally excluded from reproduction, so it's still pretty rare;
  • the Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, which attacks the hip and causes necrosis that causes stiffness and pain., esta enfermedad es muy poco común y puede operarse para aliviar el dolor causado.

However, the main risk to the health of the Russkiy Toy comes from its small size and fiery character, which can be the cause of many fractures. La caída de un libro sobre sus patas, A career that ends in a collision with a chair or an agitated argument with a larger fellow can end in the emergency room., your family must be constantly vigilant.

Another risk you are particularly exposed to is obesity, and once again only your master can help you.You need to monitor your weight regularly and act at the first signs of overweight, adjusting both your portion sizes and your activity level.

Al igual que con cualquier raza, the adoption of a creator of Russkiy Toy serious and responsible greatly increases the probability of obtaining a healthy puppy The professional must provide a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, presentar la historia clínica o cartilla de vacunación, in which the vaccines administered to the animal are recorded, and make available the results of genetic tests performed to parents. a small one.

Of course, this does not guarantee that you will stay healthy for your entire life To maximize the chances of this being the case, prevention is essential: it is advisable to wear regularly (At least once a year) take your dog to the vet for a routine checkup.This not only identifies the beginning of a possible problem, it also ensures that you don't miss your shot reminders.

Life expectancy

12 a 13 years

Grooming

Either for the straight-haired variety or for the long-haired variety, the maintenance of the coat of the Russkiy Toy is simple. In effect, a weekly brushing is enough to avoid knots and remove possible dirt. Muda little, pero puede ser útil aumentar la frecuencia de cepillado a 2 or 3 times a week when applicable, in spring and autumn.

How he tolerates the bathroom well, clean it every 1 or 2 months to rid it of all impurities and make sure it doesn't mess up the house is usually not a problem either. Sólo tienes que asegurarte de utilizar un champú específico para perros, y en ningún caso un producto hecho para humanos.

The rest is a matter of course. For example, su sesión semanal de acicalamiento debería ser también una oportunidad para revisar y limpiar sus ojos y orejas con un paño húmedo. This will prevent debris and dirt from accumulating, reduciendo así el riesgo de infección.

También debes aprovechar para cepillar los dientes de tu perro con un dentífrico especial para perros, although twice a week (or even daily) es aún mejor. This will help prevent tartar buildup., that can cause bad breath, cavities and other problems.

Last, although it has gone out enough, their claws tend to grow faster than they wear out. Thus, es necesario recortarlas con un simple cortaúñas cuando se han vuelto demasiado largas, to prevent them from getting in the way or even breaking. A monthly cut is usually sufficient. The first time, you can learn how to do it with a vet or a groomer, to avoid doing it wrong.

Food

The Russkiy Toy perfectly fits commercially available industrial dog foods. You just have to be careful to choose a product adapted to dogs of this size, especially if you eat kibble. You also have to choose food of sufficient quality and establish an adapted daily ration to provide it with all the nutrients it needs., especially considering your activity level and your age.

In any case, cat food, although it certainly is the perfect size for its size, not at all adequate. Too rich, are likely to cause rapid and dangerous weight gain.

This is especially true since obesity is a very real problem for this breed whose needs are often much lower than their family thinks.. It is necessary to scrupulously follow the daily rations recommended by the manufacturers or the veterinarian, and regularly weigh your dog to quickly detect too large a variation. A weight gain of 200g is negligible for a human, but for a Russkiy Toy this is around the 10% of their normal weight.

In case of unjustified weight gain, it is advisable to react without delay, adjusting both the dog's daily ration and activity level. If this doesn't help, a visit to the vet is necessary to explore the possibility of a disease and to develop a more appropriate diet if this is not the problem.

Last, like all dogs, the Russkiy Toy you should always have access to a bowl of fresh water, so you can quench your thirst whenever you want.

Use

The Russkiy Toy is above all – and also always – un perro de compañía, made to spend most of his time with his family. Playful and affectionate, perfectly capable of apartment living, represents an ideal option for those who have little space to offer their dog, but on the other hand they may be available to dedicate time.

His affectionate character also makes him a very good therapy dog, able to spend hours by his master's side if he needs it, and to help you with your mere presence.

His natural distrust of the unknown and his propensity to bark make him an excellent alert dog., but its size prevents it from being a true watchdog, aunque su valentía no es cuestionable.

Last, it is common to find it at dog shows, where your success is not denied. They can also participate in dog sports competitions, like obedience, but its small size is definitely a disadvantage.

¿Cuanto cuesta un "Russkiy Toy"?

The price of a puppy Russkiy Toy is of some 1500 EUR, but this average hides great disparities. In effect, depending on the reputation of the kennel, del prestigio de sus ancestros pero también y sobre todo de sus características físicas intrínsecas, can go from 800 euros for the copies with some small defects up to almost 4000 euros para los destinados a la cría y/o a las exposiciones. On the other hand, no hay grandes diferencias de precio según el sexo.

Characteristics "Russkiy Toy"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Russkiy Toy" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Russkiy Toy"

Photos:

1 – “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Russkiy Toy” Puppy, 4 months old by Shamanofthistown, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Russkiy Toy” shorthair, smooth coat, brown and tan by NiaNike, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Short hair “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Two “Russkiy Toy”, one with short hair and one with long hair by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Russkiy Toy” Daniel, Rostov del Don by Sofiya357, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Russkiy Toy"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and others
  • AKCToy
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Russkiy Toy"

FCIFCI - Russkiy Toy
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Russian Toy Terrier, Russian Terrier, Moscow Toy Terrier, Moscovian Miniature Terrier, Toychik (English).
    2. Toychik, Toy-chic (French).
    3. Russischer Zwergspaniel, Moskauer Langhaariger Toy Terrier (московский длинношерстный той-терьер) (German).
    4. (em russo: Русский той-терьер) (Portuguese).
    5. Miniatura ruso, Toy Terrier ruso (español).

Petit Brabançon
Bélgica FCI 82 . Petit Brabançon

Petit Brabançon

The Petit Brabançon is the least known of the “Small Belgian Dogs”.

Content

History

The Petit Brabançon has common origins with the Griffon Bruxellois and the Griffon belge. All three breeds are descended from a small wire-haired dog, the Smousje, originally from Brussels.

In the 19th century, crosses with him Cavalier King Charles spaniel (Ruby) and the Pug they brought the black and short fur and fixed the type.

These alert little dogs were bred to guard carriages and keep rodents out of stables..

Photo: Petit Brabançon by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Petit Brabançon is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, practically square in shape, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

Shelter:

The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

The same colors as in the Griffon belge and Griffon Bruxellois (red, black, black and tan). Has a dark mask. The gray in the mask of older dogs will not be penalized.

Some white hair on the chest is tolerated in all three breeds, but it is not sought.

Weight:

of 3,5 a 6 kg.

Character and skills

The Petit Brabançon he is a balanced puppy, alert, proud, very attached to his master and very vigilant. neither shy nor aggressive.

Characteristics "Petit Brabançon"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Petit Brabançon" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Petit Brabançon"

Photos:

1 – PePetit Brabançon: BEL, NED, GER, INT Champion “Gaystock Le Pas De Tout”. Photo: Hans Bleeker by Hans Bleeker, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – PETIT BRABANCON, Flor de Canelas Head Over Heals MyDOG, nordens största hundevenemang by Svenska Mässan from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Petit Brabancon; Robbins Uranos – Gucci by Maria Michaelsson, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Petit Brabançon” by Ger Dekker
5 – “Petit Brabançon” by Lusadi, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Petit Brabançon” by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Petit Brabançon"

Sitting comfortably on the bedroom rug, a family of Petit Brabançon play together with great complicity.

Petit Brabançon de 3 meses

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 3.2 Petit Brabançon
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Petit Brabançon"

FCIFCI - Petit Brabançon
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Petit Brabançon, Small Brabant Griffon (English).
    2. Petit brabançon (French).
    3. Petit brabançon (German).
    4. (em francês: petit brabançon) (Portuguese).
    5. Petit brabançon (español).

Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Francia FCI 233 . Little Lion Dog

The Little Lion Dog It is little known, so much that in 1960 was defined as the rarest dog in the world.

Little Lion Dog

Content

Characteristics "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The origins of Little Lion Dog, also called Löwchen they are old and controversial. The most widespread theory places its origins in northern Europe (Germany, Belgium and France) and claims that he is related to the race “Poodle” Dwarf, while another theory places its origins in the Mediterranean regions of Spain and France and states that it is closer to the Bichon.

Some give it a much more exotic origin, claiming that it descends from dogs that came from Tibet via Russia: However, this theory seems unlikely and is most certainly due to a mispronunciation, since his name is sometimes pronounced “Low Chen” in the Anglo-Saxon world, what gives it Asian sounds. Another hypothesis based on linguistics claims that his name is not a reference to the king of animals, but to the city of Lyon, from which it would originate.

Although its origins are unclear, the truth is that the Little Lion Dog It was already a highly sought-after companion dog in the Middle Ages.. This animal with its characteristic fur appears in numerous paintings, engravings and tapestries from the 15th centuries, 16Th and 17TH. One of the first representations of the breed can be seen in France, in the cathedral of Amiens, built in the 13th century, where two little lion dogs are carved in stone, perfectly representative of the breed.

Its famous lion's mane shearing is linked to the values ​​of the aristocracy during the Renaissance. As the lion represents strength and courage, the men used the Little Lion Dog as a status symbol. As for women, they appreciated being able to warm their feet against their little companion's bare skin and spend time grooming him this way.

So that, it is this peculiarity relative to the animal's fur that is at the origin of its name, even if it is not natural.

In the 18th century, both the Earl of Buffon (1707-1788) in his famous Natural History as the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), known as Carl von Linné for his ennoblement and author of Systema Naturae, they described the Löwchen and highlighted its rarity.

The breed gradually declined during the 19th century, and it was rare in 1897, when Mr.. by Coninick, a breeder of Dieghem (Belgium), sold a bitch of Little Lion Dog white to young Madelaine Bennert (1876-1972), also from Belgium, who fell in love with this nice dog.

The two world wars were about to suppose the death of this race. However, in 1944, Madelaine Bennert vowed to save the Löwchen starting a breeding program. Found two females, respectively in Lille and in the Dieghem region, and then a male named Ulan. The first litter was born in 1948. Later, a new female named Sirginia joined the program, and Hans Rickert, a german vet, teamed up with Mrs. Bennert to relaunch the breed. The dogs they used and gave birth to are the origin of the Löwchen what we know today.

His efforts paid off in 1961 When the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the breed, designating France as your country of origin.

However, It was from Germany that the first specimens were exported to Great Britain in 1967 and then to the United States in 1971, which undoubtedly explains why this dog is now much better known with its Germanic name than with the French. However, at that time it was still a very rare breed: with less than 50 registered copies (half of them in Germany), was even designated “the rarest dog breed in the world” by the Guinness Book of Records.

While the British Kennel Club quickly recognized the Little Lion Dog (already in 1971), the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) they waited until 1994, 1995 and 1999, respectively, to give you full breed status.

Today, although it is still rare, the Little Lion Dog It is no longer an endangered breed and can count on a loyal fan base. The Löwchen is at the bottom of the popularity ranking in the United States (around the stall 170 of 190), but it enjoys a certain popularity in Britain, where some are registered 80 births per year. However, this figure tends to erode, since around 2010 I was well above 100. In France, the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) records an average of 70 new Löwchen per year, and the trend has been stable since the early 1990s. 2000.

Photo: Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Little Lion Dog it is a small dog breed with a robust appearance and solid bones. His body is square in shape, as high as long, and her back is straight, like its front legs. The tail, placed just below the line of the back, it is carried high and curved.

The head of the Löwchen it is relatively wide and short, with a wide muzzle ending in a black nose. The big eyes, dark and round should be well positioned forward and express drive and intelligence. The ears are low set, at the height of the eyes, and they fall quite low.

The coat is long and silky, and consists solely of a dense, wavy top layer. It is important to know that the appearance of “Lion's mane” so typical of the breed is not natural, but it is due to the cutting of part of its fur. Although this is mandatory for individuals participating in dog shows, a Löwchen confined to the role of companion dog can perfectly keep its long hair on the whole body.

The breed standard allows all colors and color combinations, but the white, cream and black are the most popular.

Last, there is little sexual dimorphism in this breed.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: Of 25 – 33 cm.
▷ female size: 25 – 33 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 5 – 7 kg

Character and skills

The Löwchen has been used as a pet for many centuries, and is extremely loving and attached to his family. They love spending time with their owners, either playing with them or just lying next to them. This attachment makes it a breed of dog that does not tolerate loneliness well.: if left alone frequently for several hours at a time, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety. This can lead to excessive barking., scratches on the door or even destructive behavior.

Rather distrustful, the Little Lion Dog not very sociable with strangers, those he greets with barks. However, They accept them quickly once they realize that they are friends of the family and that they too get their share of attention.

Playful dog, he likes to have fun with the children he knows, but he is less receptive to those he does not know. As with all dogs of any size, should not be left alone with young children, especially if one or more of them are unknown.

Used to getting all the attention from your family, to the Little Lion Dog does not particularly like to share his home with other animals, whether they are companions or representatives of other species. On the other hand, accepts perfectly those with whom he has grown up and whom, Therefore, consider part of the family, although there is a risk that rodents will one day awaken their hunting instincts.

Regardless of its small size, not afraid to provoke other dogs much bigger than him, without being aware of the danger. Therefore, a certain vigilance is necessary during walks, and particularly during encounters with unfamiliar dogs.

Despite the tendency to bark when he hears or sees something out of the ordinary, what can cause neighborhood problems, fits very well in apartment living, as long as you walk at least 20 minutes a day. However, to prevent something bad from happening to you, it is better that this walk be done on a leash. What's more, if you have access to a garden, make sure that the latter is perfectly closed, since wandering the big world alone is quite risky for him, in particular because of its small size and its tendency to attack those bigger and stronger than it.

Intelligent, affectionate and endearing, the Löwchen it does not take long to win the hearts of his family, that you may even end up realizing that you have adapted your lifestyle to that of this new member, reserving your favorite spot on the couch or matching your bedtime and waking time with theirs. Many owners admit that “belong” to your Little Lion Dog… but they are absolutely delighted with him.

Curious and sometimes stubborn, this little bundle of joy is sure to delight singles and large families alike. He knows how to make himself loved and fills the lives of those who have time to dedicate to him, but his place is as close to his master as possible: does not about, for example, to make him spend the nights in another place that is not inside the home.

In short, although their barking and possible difficulty learning grooming can cause difficulties, his affectionate character, His obedient nature and unlimited attachment make him an ideal companion dog - as long as you have time to dedicate to him., and this even without experience. It is undoubtedly a good option for a first dog to adopt.

Education

The socialization of Löwchen should be started at an early age, so that it is perfectly balanced in adulthood. In addition to meeting all the members of his family (including other animals in the house), you must get used to all the stimuli and situations that you may encounter later: other people and animals, vehicles, city ​​noises, etc.

Cleaning training should also be undertaken as soon as you arrive at your new home., at the risk of never being able to correct the bad habits acquired. It is important to take him out as often as possible to relieve himself outside and be vigilant when he is inside, to identify the places you have chosen as toilets.

Another aspect that must be worked on as soon as possible is that of barking, since the Little Lion Dog tends to bark more than it should. Good socialization and work at this level as part of your education can quickly solve this problem.. To do this, an inexperienced owner may need the help of a professional dog trainer.

However, this dog is smart and learns quickly. His desire to please his owner makes him an easy dog ​​to train, even without much experience. With a little patience, a beginning owner can teach you all the basic commands, as “Sit down” and “below”, and even go further in his education teaching him more advanced tricks.

What's more, if he can have the vocation to participate one day in a dog show and then he will have to raise a lion's mane skin, it is necessary to accustom your partner to shearing when he is still a puppy, so that from then on you will not be afraid of these grooming sessions.

Being a very emotional dog, the Löwchen can be traumatized by traditional dog training methods. It is advisable to use the positive reinforcement method, rewarding good behavior with lots of caresses, affection and treats.

Health

Thanks to the rigorous breeding program carried out in the years 70, the Löwchen it is a very robust breed of dog, who is normally immune to serious inherited diseases, as long as, of course, a breeder of Löwchen responsible.

The most common health problems of this dog are:

  • Canine eye diseases, like the falls, progressive retinal atrophy or distichiasis, a condition that causes hair to grow on the inside of the eyelids and can be surgically corrected;
  • Hip Dysplasia;
  • Patellar dislocation;
  • congenital deafness, a relatively rare problem outside certain lines.
Life expectancy

12 a 14 years

Grooming

The Little Lion Dog requires some maintenance effort. In fact, although she changes very little, if it does (which often makes it a recommended dog breed for allergy sufferers), it is recommended to brush it every two or three days to keep its beautiful coat in good condition and avoid knots, that are as unsightly for their owner as they are uncomfortable for him. It is also useful to bathe him about once a month, taking care to use a specific shampoo for dogs.

When brushing your dog's hair, check your eyes and ears to make sure they are clean and not at risk of infection.

What's more, how he usually spends most of his time indoors, natural wear and tear on the nails is seldom enough, so it is necessary to trim them regularly to avoid embarrassment or even injury.

Any owner who wants their dog to participate in dog shows should plan to take their companion to the groomer every two months or so, so that you can show off the beautiful mane so typical of the breed. However, it must be remembered here that the dog's coat allows him to conserve heat: if you live in a cold region, shaving it in winter is not necessarily ideal…

Utility

The Little Lion Dog has always been a companion dog, and this is still its main function today: be with your family and bring them love and happiness.

However, can also be useful as an alert dog, barking at the approach of a stranger. Brave, does not hesitate to defend his family, but its size does not allow it to play the role of watchdog.

They can also be trained to be admirable athletes in obedience and agility competitions..

He is also a regular at dog shows, where fans can admire the most beautiful specimens of the breed.

Last, his cheerful and optimistic demeanor allows him to be used as a therapy dog.

Images "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Photos:

1 – Little Lion Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-lowchen-l%C3%B6wchen-paja-1330537/
2 – Basil Smile (un perro de Löwchen, Ch Taywill Brillant Roman Basilia) mostrando su rostro by John M. P. Knox from Austin, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Adult Lowchen Gaiting by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – This is a 9 month old Lowchen puppy by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Lowchen-10-Ch-Boondock Musicbox Don’t Roll Those Eyes At Me! 02 by Petful

Videos "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs – Section 1.3: Little Lion Dog
  • AKCNon-Sporting
  • ANKC Group 1(Toys)
  • CKCGroup 6 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toys
  • NZKCToys
  • UKCCompanion Breeds


FCI breed standard "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

FCIFCI - Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Löwchen (English).
    2. Löwchen (French).
    3. Petit chien lion (German).
    4. Löwchen (Portuguese).
    5. Löwchen (español).

Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)
Holanda FCI 314 . Flushing Dogs

Kooikerhondje

The Kooikerhondje initially it was registered among the companion dogs. Outside Holland it is practically unknown.

Content

History

This puppy with an unpronounceable original name has a long history, that begins in the Middle Ages, more specifically in the fifteenth century, when the Spanish brought the first Spaniels a los Países Bajos. Several crosses with local dogs resulted in the Kooikerhondje (Kooiker). The dog quickly spread, appearing in many paintings by 17th century Dutch masters, como Jan Steen (1626-1679), but also in literature, especially in the Dutch Historian Stories Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft (1581-1647).

It was his special talent for hunting ducks that made him famous. Dutch for "small cager dog" (other name of Kooikerhondje – Kooiker). He was trained to lure ducks with his white plumed tail into trapped channels that ended in a cage (“eendenkooi“, in Dutch), where the hunters (“kooiker“) podían capturarlos fácilmente. The specimens used for this hunting technique were called “hondjes de Kooiker“, and the name has remained in this breed.

Apart from the Kooikerhondje (Kooiker), few breeds are capable of learning this hunting technique. A notable exception is the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, which appeared in the 19th century and is generally considered to be a descendant of the Kooiker.

However, la utilidad del perro no terminaba ahí: when it wasn't duck hunting season, it was used to hunt vermin.

Its population declined rapidly between the two wars, mainly due to the abandonment of this hunting method (que requería un gran trabajo para mantener los canales de las trampas) in favor of the use of the rifle, facilitated by the greater precision of firearms. Like this, en vísperas de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, la raza casi había desaparecido, con un número total de individuos estimado en sólo una treintena.

Tras la invasión de los Países Bajos en 1940, the baronessa von Hardenbroek of Ammerstol, con espíritu de resistencia a la ocupación alemana, decidió salvar a este perro típicamente holandés. Delivered a black and white photo to several street vendors, asking them to notify you if they encountered such an animal. Así encontró a Tommy, una hembra Kooiker del norte de los Países Bajos, which was the reason for the rebirth of the breed as we know it today.

Among 1942 and 1976, the baroness raised 52 layers of Dutch foxhounds that were named after his kennel, from Valhalla, and obtained the recognition of the breed by the Raad van Beheer (la organización canina oficial del país) in 1971. Later, the breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1990 and by the United Kennel Club (UKC) American in 1996. The other leading American organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2004.

If he Kooikerhondje (Kooiker) se ha convertido en un perro relativamente común en su país de origen, todavía no es el caso en el resto del mundo, where remains unknown. However, things seem to be changing since the decade of 2010.

Like this, en el Reino Unido, where it is recognized by The Kennel Club, Enrollments have increased considerably since 2013, to the point of already exceeding fifty copies a year.

Also in France there is a certain madness for this breed: while in 2007 and 2012 they only signed up 5 specimens in the LOF (Libro de Orígenes Francés), between 2013 and 2018 there were more than 200.

In United States, the Dutch for "small cager dog" still very weird, but the Dutch Kooikerhondje Club of America (NKCUSA) registered 11 new breeders in 2018 and 2019, lo que sugiere que la raza también está disfrutando de un creciente interés allí, and that its population will increase rapidly.

Photo: Kooikerhondje puppy by Petful

Physical characteristics

The Kooikerhondje – Kooikerhondje is a medium-sized dog with a harmonious build, with a general appearance reminiscent of a Spaniel. Her body, slightly longer than tall, he is muscular but thin: they are dogs made for speed and agility. La cola sigue la línea de la espalda y refuerza su aspecto esbelto.

The head is carried high, which gives it an aristocratic air. The skull is quite wide and rounded, while the muzzle, ending in a black nose, is slightly truncated. His dark brown almond eyes express intelligence and kindness. The ears are medium in size, colocadas en una línea que parte de la nariz y pasa por el ojo, falling down the cheeks.

The coat is of medium length and can be smooth or slightly wavy. The legs have a longer plumage on the hind legs than on the front ones., pero es el plumaje de la cola lo más característico del Kooikerhondje: long and white, giving the tail a feathery look. The long black hairs on the tips of the ears, known as “pendientes”, they are highly sought after.

The coat is predominantly white, with large well-marked orange-red spots on the body. The rule Kooiker accepts small marks of this color on the legs, así como la presencia de algunos pelos negros mezclados con el color rojo anaranjado. La cabeza debe tener una línea blanca clara que llegue hasta la nariz.

Sexual dimorphism is moderately marked, the male being slightly larger than the female, that tends to shed more hair during the shedding period.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 38 – 42 cm.
▷ female size: 36 – 40 cm.
▷ Male weight: 10 – 13 kg.
▷ female weight: 9 – 12 kg.

Character and skills

The Kooikerhondje It is a loyal dog, very attached to his family, from which he does not like to part. However, they are not effusive and prefer to stay quietly by their master's side rather than jump up to show their attachment. You also need a quiet environment, and does not bear stress well: las fiestas o las disputas frecuentes correrían el riesgo de perturbarle de forma duradera.

Logically, not a recommended breed of dog for young children, ya que los llantos de un bebé o los caprichos de un niño pequeño difícilmente son de su gusto. They are much better suited to a family that shares their calm and relaxed approach to life..

They are quite suspicious of people they do not know, but they quickly accept those who pay them a little attention, especially if they take the trouble to offer them a reward.

Although it accepts other dogs of a similar character, no busca especialmente la compañía de otros perros. Regarding coexistence with other animals, especially with cats or rodents, puede resultar especialmente difícil por su fuerte instinto de caza. Even if he is able to get along with the household animals he has been raised with, el riesgo de que un día empiece a perseguir al gato de la familia es muy real.

Si su carácter plácido podría hacerlo apto para las personas mayores, he forgets a bit quickly that he is also very active, necesitando al menos dos horas de ejercicio al día. Having said that, he is not very demanding with what he does, y es tan probable que acompañe a su dueño en un largo y tranquilo paseo como que juegue a perseguir una pelota con los niños en el jardín o a buscarla. However, prefers water activities: to swim, jumping into the water or just playing in a pond are activities that make this water-loving dog happy, since he was originally bred to work on the canals.

If you can live in an apartment as long as your daily need for activity is met, the Kooikerhondje prefiere en gran medida tener un jardín en el que retozar. However, you need to make sure the space is well fenced because, even if I do not have a special predisposition to flee, his hunting instinct is likely to push him to run after all the animals in the region and, Therefore, to move away from your residence.

In any case, although it is generally calm, pueden surgir problemas si no tiene la oportunidad de gastar su energía y se le deja solo con demasiada frecuencia. In particular, the owner may face inopportune barking and / or destructive dog behavior.

Smart and attentive, to the Kooikerhondje he likes to be stimulated intellectually; they especially like obedience exercises or learning new tricks. However, your intelligence is a double-edged sword, as they quickly pick up on any hesitation on the part of their master, and they can decide to assume the leadership of the family pack. Therefore, It is a breed reserved for a master who already has experience, in addition to being able to provide you with the stable environment you need.

Education

Like all dogs, the Kooiker needs to be socialized from a young age to get used to people, places, noises, smells… that you will know during your life. It is especially advisable to introduce the small animals that share your home as soon as possible, to minimize the risk of lawsuits or even accidents once you are an adult.

The Kooikerhondje, very sensible, reacts poorly to stressful situations and can be traumatized by traditional training methods. Therefore, their training should be based on positive reinforcement: the compliments, accompanied by caresses and some sweets, they work much better than reprimands. However, your teacher must stand firm and consistent, para no confundirlo y hacerle perder la confianza en la capacidad de su líder para dirigir.

It is important that all family members are involved in their education, to assimilate and accept your authority.

Active, smart and eager to please, the Kooikerhondje es un alumno ideal para los ejercicios de obediencia así como para el aprendizaje de diferentes deportes caninos: flyball, agility, dogs-cross…

Health

The Kooiker has a small gene pool and, Therefore, is prone to many life-threatening genetic diseases. Fortunately, the work of selecting the breeders responsible for Kooiker has resulted in the practical elimination of these risks today.

These diseases with which the breed has often been associated are:

  • The von Willebrand disease, which causes blood clotting problems and can lead to death from bleeding. Widespread DNA testing since the years 90 make that today we hardly find more affected subjects;
  • Mielopatía necrotizante hereditaria, a neurological problem that affects the spinal cord and causes paralysis. Gracias a una política de cría responsable, now there is less than one case a year worldwide;
  • The hereditary epilepsy, which can cause seizures that range from a few seconds to several minutes. El número de perros afectados está disminuyendo de forma constante, to the point that this disease only affects between 1 and 5 dogs a year;
  • The miositis, o polymositis, es una inflamación crónica de uno o varios músculos que puede provocar síntomas muy diferentes según los músculos afectados. Potentially deadly, this disease is still relatively widespread, affecting about the 1% of the population;
  • The waterfall, an opaque filter in the eyes that can cause blindness in dogs, that has been practically eliminated;
  • The patellar dislocation moderate, which is disabling but not dangerous, y es con mucho la afección más común. In fact, almost the 15% of the breed representatives are affected.
  • Another risk to the health of the Dutch for "small cager dog" is obesity, so the owner should regularly check that the dog is not overweight, in addition to giving him enough exercise.

    Last, like all breeds of dogs with hanging ears, tienen un mayor riesgo de sufrir infecciones de oído.

    Life expectancy

    12 a 14 years

    Grooming

    The Kooikerhondje it is a low maintenance breed of dog. A quick weekly brushing is more than enough to keep the coat healthy. However, during the shedding periods in spring and fall, brushing more frequently is recommended to remove dead hair.

    Bathing your dog is seldom necessary. In any case, you should not bathe your dog more than twice a year, so as not to damage your skin. On the other hand, después de que el Kooikerhondje have fun in a pool, in the sea or in a doubtful-looking pond, it is advisable to rinse it with fresh water to remove any traces of chlorine, shall, algae or bacteria.

    On the other hand, it is advisable to take advantage of the weekly brushing session to check the eyes, teeth and, above all, the dog's ears, to ensure that there is no dirt that could cause the start of an infection or otitis.

    Last, the claws of Kooikerhondje are tough and grow relatively quickly: natural wear and tear is often not enough, and then you have to trim them manually when they have become too long.

    Utility

    Historically used for duck hunting in the canals of the Netherlands, the Kooiker es hoy en día principalmente una mascota.

    His high level of activity and intelligence also allow him to obtain excellent results in dog sports competitions, and a patient and dedicated trainer can turn you into a flyball or agility champion.

    Characteristics "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

    Photos:

    1 – Kooikerhondje by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kooikerhondje-kooiker-3917568/
    2 – Kooikerhondje by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kooikerhondje-mascotas-4744089/
    3 – Dutch Decoy Dog puppy by Jeroenzwaan, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – KOOIKERHONDJE PUPPY by https://pixy.org/4695950/
    5 – Kooikerhondje by Burner83 / from wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Kooiker – petsadviser.com by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

    Kooiker – 16 weeks – MOOS
    Carino in der Hundeschule

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASIFICACIÓN FCI:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


      • FCI breed standard "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

        FCIFCI - Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)
        Spaniel

        Alternative names:

          1. Kooiker, Dutch Spanie (English).
          2. Petit chien hollandais de chasse au gibier d’eau (French).
          3. Kooikerhondje (German).
          4. (em neerlandês: Kooikerhondje) (Portuguese).
          5. Kooikerhondje, Pequeño Perro Holandés para la caza acuática (español).

    German Spaniel
    Alemania FCI 104 . Flushing Dogs

    German Spaniel

    The German Spaniel it is very appreciated especially for hunting.

    Content

    History

    El estudio de la historia de la caza nos enseña que hace siglos ya existían perros de caza muy similares al actual German Spaniel. At that time they were used to hunt.

    La cría de la raza controlada en un libro genealógico comenzó a principios del siglo XX, with a few suitable bitches. The first representative of the German Spaniel was Mr. Augusta 1834 L, a Staufenberg dog in Upper Bavaria.

    Al principio sólo había perros marrones con marcas blancas parciales y perros con marcas blancas. Este último tenía pequeñas manchas rojas en la cabeza y las extremidades, calls “fire marks”. It was the bitch Baby auf de Schanze 1838 L the one that introduced the roan in the race. Rudolf Friess, un aficionado a los perros que durante décadas tuvo una gran influencia en la cría del German Spaniel, introdujo la cría por separado de las variedades marrón y ruana.

    A pesar de la estrecha base de cría inicial, put in place an essential requirement to avoid damage due to inbreeding through selective mating. The separation of the two colors is also justified by a certain disparity in the natural qualities of the German Spaniel. Chestnut trees were easier to drive over short distances and more persistent on the track, mientras que los ruanos tenían una penetración muy desarrollada en las distancias largas.

    Estos distintos dones naturales ya no son un criterio diferencial fiable hoy en día, since in the meantime, for many reasons, there have been repeated crosses between the two color varieties. However, in principle, the separation still maintains a certain reserve of unrelated blood within the race today.

    The German Spaniel it is and continues to be bred by hunters and for hunters as a hunting dog with great versatility.

    Photo: “German Spaniel” by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/wachtelhund-jagdhund-st%C3%B6berhund-4604508/

    Physical characteristics

    The German Spaniel it is a medium sized hunting dog, longhair, very muscular, with a noble head and strong bones. In general, they are longer than they are tall, but they should never give the impression of being tall.

    Lively and very passionate about hunting, amistoso y seguro de sí mismo en su entorno natural, very docile and very adaptable; ni tímido ni agresivo.

    The German Spaniel in some points:

    – Has a well developed piercing,

    – follow the path of hunting big and small with will and perseverance,

    – give voice without hesitation,

    – has a fine nose,

    – he likes rapport and water,

    – has a bite for hunting and vermin,

    – Trained and properly managed, hunt without deviating from course over long distances; funciona como Sabueso y en la búsqueda de piezas perdidas; is a versatile hunting dog for tracking and hunting in ditches, heavily wooded areas and in the water. Desde el inicio de la cría vigilada, the ability to stop has not been taken into account.

    The coat is strong, glued, mostly wavy, occasionally also curly (Astrakhan), or long, flat with thick undercoat; not too long, especially not fine or silky; on the nape, often curled on the ears and rump; well furnished hindquarters and tail; the presence of a frill around the neck is frequent; the belly is also well provided with hair; muzzle and cranial region have short but tight hair; the ears are covered with curls or tight, wavy hair that extends beyond the edge of the pinna; the interdigital spaces have a tight hair but not too long.

    The “German Spaniel” se cría en dos variedades de color:

    – Solid brown, more rarely also red; often with white or mottled markings on the chest and toes.
    – Brown roan, more rarely also red roan; the background color consists of brown hairs, possibly red, íntimamente mezclados con pelos blancos; often the head is brown, possibly red, with spots or also a mantle that extends all over the back ; this color variety includes variegated coats with a white background and large brown spots, possibly red, also the so-called dogs “Tiger”, in which the white background is also mottled or mottled with small tufts of brown hair, possibly red; estos últimos pueden descender perfectamente de padres monocolores.

    All shades and variations of red are included in this term (red fox, red deer, red deer).

    TAMAÑO Y PESO :

  • Males 48-54 cm.
  • females 45-52 cm.
  • Varía en relación con el tamaño, between some 18 and 25 kg.

    Character and skills

    Robust, brave, can work on all terrains, mainly forests and swamps. Active tracker, bush hunter, screaming on the road, he specializes in hunting small game but also in tracking foxes and large animals. He is a good collector, it is also a trail dog, able to search for wounded game. Loving, is appreciated as a companion. Se muestra seguro de sí mismo en su entorno natural, while being endowed with a great capacity for adaptation.

    No son tímidos ni agresivos, but they need a strong education that starts soon.

    Education

    Kind, affectionate and docile, the German Spaniel has these wonderful predispositions by nature. But with one condition, and not the least. Because this dog needs a lot more exercise, education and activity from the beginning of what a family or active people can offer. Being on the go is not enough. The German Spaniel want more. It can and should do more than just be a family dog. Idleness goes against their nature. Necesita un entrenamiento cualificado como perro de caza que le suponga un reto mental y físico. If you are successful, this passionate hunter will prove to be an obedient and loyal companion.

    Health

    The German Spaniel have a slight predisposition to hip dysplasia. Breeders are very careful not to breed animals with this predisposition. This will greatly reduce this deficiency.

    On the other hand, sus orejas caídas predisponen a este perro a las infecciones de oído (and more for dogs used to getting into the water).

    Grooming

    The coat of the German Spaniel is perfectly adapted to your lifestyle. Dirt doesn't seem to stick to hair, even if he walks through the bushes for hours. A weekly brushing is enough. Él suele decidir cuándo es el momento de bañarse. Showering in summer is a moment of well-being that you enjoy.

    Characteristics "German Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "German Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Versatility ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

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    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    joy ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "German Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – Deutscher Wachtel by Steffen Heinz (Caronna), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4748569/
    3 – German Spaniel by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Deutscher_Wachtel.jpg
    4 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-hund-haustier-5753477/
    5 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4763510/
    6 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4905048/

    Videos "German Spaniel"

    German Spaniel (Deutscher Wachtelhund)
    Training German Spaniel

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers


    FCI breed standard "German Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - German Spaniel
    Perdiguero

    Alternative names:

      1. Deutscher Wachtelhund (German quail dog) (English).
      2. Chien d’oysel (French).
      3. Deutscher Wachtel (German).
      4. (em alemão: Deutscher Wachtelhund) (Portuguese).
      5. Spaniel alemán, (en alemán deutscher wachtelhund) (español).

    Portuguese Pointer
    Portugal FCI 187 . Braque Type

    Portuguese Pointer

    The Portuguese Pointer He is extremely affectionate and very attached to children, it is also a very submissive dog.

    Content

    Characteristics "Portuguese Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Portuguese Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Portuguese Pointer arose from Perdigueiro Peninsular, an ancient breed of Iberian dogs, its presence is documented since the 10th century, Its first appearance in art is on a Visigothic-Arab tombstone of the Church of San Juan Bautista de Tomar. Its evolution was the result of several factors such as adaptation to the climate, the type of hunting, the terrain and the selection introduced through the Portuguese cultural specificity.

    In the fourteenth century, It was bred in the royal kennels and used for hunting Altaria, being known as “Podengo de mostra”, showing already the possibility of stopping before the hunt. In the 16th century (reign of D. Sebastião) su uso por las clases populares era común (although prohibited). The constant bleeding in the working arms caused by the discoveries, the abandonment of the fields, hunger and change of habits, led the population to resort more to hunting for food and, as a result, to the use of Pointing Dogs, that they were “prohibited” for causing, thanks to its excellent qualities, serious damage to the vested interests of the royal house and the nobility.

    In the 18th century, Many English families established a presence in the Porto region in the business of wine production and came into contact with the breed being brought to England where it played an important role in the origin of the English Pointer.

    At the end of the 19th century it suffered a certain decline, due to serious social upheavals and new tastes and contacts with the outside world, that gave projection to the foreign races that were then in fashion. But it is still represented in art objects (tinaja painted by D. Fernando II of Saxe-Coburg, Pena-Sintra), cuadro del Rey D.Luis y los príncipes en ropa de caza en el Palacio de Ajuda, Lisbon), painting of a hunting trip of an Englishman in the Douro (Quinta de Gatão, Duero) o en cerámica artística de la Real Fábrica do Rato (Pimenta Palace, Lisbon).

    Only in 1920 some breeders strove to save the breed, locating some of the dogs in the inaccessible north of Portugal. El libro de pedigrí portugués se estableció entonces en 1932 and the breed standard in 1938. For at least a thousand years, this dog always had the same square head, triangular ears and compact look.

    Photo: “Portuguese Pointer” durante el Dog World Show en Poznań. by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Portuguese Pointer comes in average proportions, straight, good guy, robust but with a harmonic conformation allied to the manifest elasticity of the movements.

    The head is proportionate in relation to the body, well shaped and harmonious; seems to be big on the set. A little thick, However, it is neither bony nor thick and has loose and thin skin.

    El pelaje es corto y grueso en la mayoría de los perros, with a velvety texture on the ears and face .

    Yellow in light varieties, common and dark, solid or white spotted on the head, the neck, chest and footwear.

    In males, the height at the withers is 52 a 60 centimeters, the weight is 20 a 27 kg. In females the height is 48 a 56 centímetros y el peso es de 16 a 22 kg.

    Character and skills

    Portuguese Pointer
    An image of a “Portuguese Pointer”, a Portuguese hunting dog breed. El animal de la foto tenía 11 years when it was photographed.

    The Portuguese Pointer he is an extremely gentle and affectionate dog, with great delivery capacity and very resistant. It is quiet, very sociable and a bit petulant in relation to other dogs. Works with vivacity and persistence and is curious by nature. He always keeps in touch with his hunter.

    He moves with an easy step and is graceful. It is versatile in its function and very adaptable to various terrains, climates and types of hunting.

    Extremely affectionate and very attached to children, it is also a very submissive dog. Can, for lack of education, do not obey gestures or orders. However, it's easy to train.

    Health

    The Portuguese Pointer has an average life expectancy of 14 years. Se considera una raza resistente sin problemas de salud específicos. However, hip dysplasia, lunation of the patella, cancer and autoimmune diseases are potential health problems for dogs of this size.

    Videos "Portuguese Pointer"

    O Perdigueiro português, um cão polivalente
    Características principales del “Portuguese Pointer”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
    • AKC – Bracco


    FCI breed standard "Portuguese Pointer"

    FCIFCI - Portuguese Pointer
    Perdiguero

    Alternative names:

      1. Perdigueiro Português, Portuguese Pointer Dog (English).
      2. Perdigueiro Portugais (French).
      3. Perdigueiro Português, Portugiesisch (German).
      4. Perdigueiro português (Portuguese).
      5. (Perdigueiro Português en portugués) (español).

    Miniature American Shepherd
    Estados Unidos FCI 270 . Sheepdogs

    Miniature American Shepherd

    With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, the Miniature American Shepherd has all the qualities of Sheepdogs

    Content

    History

    In forty years, los estadounidenses han logrado fijar las características de esta nueva raza, from the strains of small Australian Shepherds. Recently, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to integrate and, therefore, recognize the Miniature American Shepherd as a race in its own right, integrating it into the Pastoral Group “Sheepdogs” … next to his ancestor, the Australian Shepherd.

    In the decade of 1960, the little ones Australian Shepherd que trabajaban en el circuito de rodeo de los Estados Unidos fueron criados selectivamente para reducir aún más su tamaño. The new breed was originally called the “Australian Shepherd” in miniature. “They became especially popular with riders who traveled to horse shows, since his intelligence, lealtad y tamaño los convertían en un excelente compañero de viaje”, say the experts of the Club del Miniature American Shepherd from the USA. “De esta manera su popularidad se extendió por todo el país.

    Currently, the breed is recognized by the FCI (International Cynological Federation), en vista del número de criaderos que se están embarcando en la selección de esta raza de perro en Europa.

    Photo: Buddy” Miniature American Shepherd – Lost Island’s Roy ‘Arsenal’ Harper – bred by: Julia Bettendorf, Lost River Miniature American ShepherdsJugabe3b, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Miniature American Shepherd comparte muchos rasgos físicos con su antecesor el Australian Shepherd, only on a smaller scale. The females measure between 33 – 43 cm at shoulder; the males between 35,5 – 46 cm.. Despite its size, son cada centímetro un verdadero perro de pastoreo: energetic, versatile, robust and extremely bright. Striking fur comes in black, blue merle, red and red merle. (Merle exhibits any amount of marbling, spots or mottling.) The Miniature American Shepherd se mueven con el paso suave y ágil de un perro construido para el trabajo duro en terrenos difíciles.

    Character and skills

    With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, dogs Miniature American Shepherd they have all the qualities of a little Shepherd dog, with a pronounced instinct to lead and watch over the herds. Easy to train, able to respond to a variety of demands that allow them to evolve in different sports disciplines. the Miniature American Shepherd However, they are reserved for people who are not familiar to them.. But once the “known”, becomes a wild playmate, and capable of real feats, thanks to its agility and small size.
    Like all working dogs, especially those able to work in their original profession, when in a situation with a herd of animals, their behavior changes and they become attentive and tireless helpers.

    Its small size, su aseo reducido al mínimo, their adaptability and listening skills, greatly facilitate your life and your education in the city. But, like all shepherds, need to spend and “empty” su energía desbordante. Beautiful walks and runs in the forest are essential to maintain your tone, su forma física y su carácter juguetón.

    Health and nutrition

    This solid and sturdy dog, just like their ancestors, no plantea ningún problema particular en la alimentación. His health is that of a dog from generations of working dogs, aunque muchos compradores dan el paso de tener un perro de compañía con el que es fácil vivir. Never forget where it comes from, ya que merece una actividad física regular para mantener su figura y su fuerza.

    The Miniature American Shepherd is generally a healthy dog, and responsible breeders test their breed for health conditions, comunicándose con otros criadores dedicados a trabajar juntos para la salud de la raza y la preservación de las cualidades únicas de la misma.

    Although the Miniature American Shepherd it is a relatively healthy breed, the following complications have been observed:

  • Juvenile cataracts
  • PRA (progressive retinal atrophy)
  • Iris Colobomas
  • PPM (persistent pupillary membrane)
  • Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help ensure a long and healthy life for the dog.

    Grooming

    The Miniature American Shepherd has a double coat, with a longer outer coat and a wool underlayer. The breed shows a good amount, más aún durante la temporada de desprendimiento, which can happen once or twice a year. Weekly brushing, daily during molting season, will help remove dirt and loose hair and keep the dog looking its best. Balls or tangles can be resolved with a finer brush or metal comb. As in all races, nails must be trimmed regularly, too long nails can cause discomfort to the dog.

    Training

    As in all races, early socialization and training classes for puppies are recommended, which help to ensure that the dog becomes a well-adjusted and well-behaved companion. Smart and willing to please, the Miniature American Shepherd is highly trainable and will reach its best potential as a partner when taught at least basic obedience.

    Ejercicios físicos

    The Miniature American Shepherd he is active and athletic, and requires a moderate amount of exercise but is also very adaptable to your family's way of life. They do well as city dogs as long as their owners provide them with enough exercise.. They enjoy outings with their people that will occupy both their mind and their body. They enjoy and excel at many dog ​​events, including obedience, agility and tracking.

    Characteristics "Miniature American Shepherd"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Miniature American Shepherd" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Miniature American Shepherd"

    Photos:

    1 – Blue Merle Miniature American Shepherd by Lextergrace, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Miniature American Shepherd with Frisbee by Mullinspw, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Miniature american shepherd puppy by TanSinVic, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Miniature american shepherd by TanSinVic, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Miniature American Shepherd, blue merle, female by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – American miniature shepherd by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1029669

    Videos "Miniature American Shepherd"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI
    • AKC


    FCI breed standard "Miniature American Shepherd"

    FCIFCI - Miniature American Shepherd
    Pastor

    Alternative names:

      1. Miniature Australian Shepherd, MAS (English).
      2. Miniature Australian Shepherd (French).
      3. Miniature Australian Shepherd, Mini-Aussie (German).
      4. Miniature Australian Shepherd (Portuguese).
      5. Miniature Australian Shepherd (español).

    Pudelpointer
    Alemania FCI 216 . Braque Type

    Pudelpointer

    The Pudelpointer has a great passion for water and swimming, which probably comes from the Poodle's influence on his selection.

    Content

    History

    It was the German Baron Von Zedlitz, a real foodie, who created the Pudelpointer towards the end of the 19th century.

    The Pudelpointers are Pointing Dogs hard hair, cuyos orígenes genéticos se remontan a un cruce entre un English Pointer and Pudelhund, without any other race of Pointing Dogs. Although the Poodle it was only used to create the first strains, his qualities as a hunter have been preserved until today.

    The first crossing of a Pudelhund and English Pointer to establish the new breed took place in Germany in 1881. The father was a English Pointer property of Kaiser Federico III called tell and mother, a Poodle named molly, pertenecía a un famoso autor teutón sobre el tema de los perros de caza, Hegewald.

    The genes of Poodle, like race, parecían haber sido más dominantes en la transmisión. To alter this, many more were introduced Pointers What Poodles en el programa de cría para llegar a lo que el Pudelpointer es hoy en día. Durante los primeros 30 years of parenting, they only used 11 Poodles instead of more than 80 Pointers. Después de ese período de tiempo inicial, only the occasional reintroduction of the Pointer. After WWI and WWII, the breed was severely reduced and the reintroduction of the English Pointer se volvió importante para reconstruir la cría.

    The first Pudelpointers in North America were imported into 1956. After the foundations of the breed were laid, in 1977 The Club of the Pudelpointer from North America.

    Combined with the exceptional abilities of the English Pointer to work on the plains, that is to say, a fine and receptive nose even at a distance, una búsqueda rápida que cubre mucho terreno y paradas firmes, we have created a versatile and genetically strong hunting dog that meets the requirements of hunting.

    Germany is very careful in preserving the health of the breed, with increased vigilance against hip dysplasia and epilepsy. What's more, the Pudlepointers currently play an important role in hunting events, ya que sólo se inscriben en el registro de pedigrí los perros que han participado con éxito en ellos.

    Photo: Pudelpointer by https://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/pudelpointer/

    Physical characteristics

    The Pudlepointer It is a breed of dog weighs between 20 and 30 Kg., measured between 53 and 66 cm.. en el hombro y viene con pelaje de color hígado, brown and occasionally black. The ideal coat is hard, lean and dense.

    The Pudelpointer it is a large hunting dog that weighs between 20 and 30 Kg and measures between 53 and 66 cm.. The ideal type has the construction of a heavy pointer. La cola extiende la grupa en una línea regular sin romperse. The tail can be shortened for hunting and, if the law allows it, la longitud debe alcanzar el borde inferior de la vulva en las hembras o cubrir los testículos en los machos. The length of the skull is equal to that of the muzzle. The ears are medium in size, hanging ears are high and close to the head. The tip of the ear is slightly rounded. Located on the sides, eyes are large and dark amber.

    Covering the whole body, medium length hair is rough, close and close to the body, with a thick undercoat. La cabeza tiene barba y un peluquín con mechas rizadas. El pelo debe proporcionar protección contra el frío, water and injuries. The coat is solid black, brown or dead leaf. White spots are allowed. These dogs shed very little hair.

    Character and skills

    Of the English Pointer, inherited the subtle nose, the burning and the lively gait. The Poodle le dio la vivacidad del espíritu, the talent of transporter and the taste of water.

    Energetic dog, very enthusiastic tracker and retriever at work, is comfortable on all terrains and can tolerate all weather conditions quite easily.

    Health

    Germany, el país de origen del Pudelpointer, attaches special importance to the health status of the breed with special emphasis on the prevention of hip dysplasia (HD) and epilepsy in the breed. Some dogs may face these health challenges in their lives, pero la mayoría de los Pudelpointers they are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, los futuros dueños pueden obtener la educación que necesitan para aprender sobre las preocupaciones específicas de salud dentro de la raza.

    Grooming

    The Pudelpointer has a close layer, flat, hard and rough of medium length with a dense undercoat; as a result, seasonally shed. Beyond regular weekly grooming, the occasional bath will keep you clean and looking your best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your dog..

    Las uñas fuertes y de rápido crecimiento deben cortarse regularmente con un cortaúñas o un pulidor de uñas para evitar el crecimiento excesivo, breakage and cracking. Los oídos deben ser revisados regularmente para evitar la acumulación de cera y desechos, which can result in infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

    Exercise

    The Pudelpointer, as a hunting breed, need regular exercise. Exercise options may include backyard playtime, preferably fenced, o ser llevado a pasear varias veces al día. El ejercicio también puede hacerse en forma de actividades de interior, like the hideout, chase a ball rolling on the ground or learn new tricks. Certain outdoor activities such as swimming, el excursionismo o la recuperación de pelotas o discos voladores pueden proporcionar una buena salida para gastar energía.

    Note: ¡El Pudelpointer absolutely love water! Training for dog sports such as agility, obedience, and the rally can also be a great way to give your dog exercise.

    Characteristics "Pudelpointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Pudelpointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos "Pudelpointer"

    Pudelpointer – TOP 10 Interesting Facts
    Martha the Pudelpointer – Deliver to Hand

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
    • CKC Grupo 1 – Sporting Dogs
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Pudelpointer"

    FCIFCI - Pudelpointer
    Pudelpointer

    Alternative names:

      1. Pudelpointer (English).
      2. Pudelpointer (French).
      3. Pudelpointer (German).
      4. Pudelpointer (Portuguese).
      5. Pudelpointer (español).