Dusky-billed Parrotlet (Forpus modestus) - Exotic birds | Pets

Posted by pets | 9 January 2012

- Forpus modestus


Description:

13 cm.. length and 28 g. of weight.

Dusky-billed Parrotlet

Chubby appearance, the Dusky-billed Parrotlet (Forpus modestus) has the forehead, lores, cheeks and crown, emerald green, forming sometimes a visible mask; the sides and rear of the neck, the of mantle, the upper part of the back and the scapulars, rather dark, of color green matte with light color of olive; lower back and rump of color blue cobalt dark: uppertail-coverts dark green. Primaries and larger covers, dark blue. Primaries with innerwebs green; Secondary of color blue dark with tips Green. Under the wings of color blue cobalt dark; flight feather grey-blue. Underparts opaque in color green dark with a light shade of olive. Upper, the tail dark green; undertail, paler.

Upper mandible and cere dark gray, lower mandible clearer; Strait ring perioptalmico dark gray; Iris dark brown; legs grey.

Female all green except beige in it forehead and front of the crown, contrasting with the Green more dark on the back of the crown.

Immature as their respective adult but paler.

  • Sound of the Dusky-billed Parrotlet.

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Subspecies description:
  • Forpus modestus modestus

    (Cabanis, 1849) – The nominal.

  • Forpus modestus sclateri

    (Gray,GR, 1859) – Similar to the nominal species but from a color green more pale, more yellowish below, male with blue pale in rump and wings ; the face Green Emerald bright.

Habitat:

They inhabit in tropical forest lowlands in clear, margins, coastal growth, forests and marshes, secondary habitats and sheets, mainly in lowlands (150-250 metres in Venezuela, to 500 metres in Colombia), but spreading in sub-tropical forests to 1,500-1, 800 m in the Eastern Andes of Ecuador.

Gregarious; Outside the breeding season, sometimes in flocks of 100 or more individuals

Reproduction:

It nests in hollows and dead trees. Breeding season of registered in the month of July in Peru.

Food:

The diet comprises seeds (for example, Cecropia miparia), berries, egg yolks, etc. It takes the banks along with other parrots mineral soil.

Distribution:


Distribución de tamaño (reproducción / residente): 2.840.000 km2

Discontinuous distribution. Since the Guianas to the North of Bolivia. But according to reports in Guyana and the French Guiana not there are records (at least not recently). Be distributed by the Basin Amazon East of Brazil in Amapá, Maranhão and For, and in the Basin Amazon West from the high of the Rio Negro to the North of Mato Grosso; in Venezuela, to the South of the Orinoco, on bass Río Caura and Cuyuni River (a record of Carabobo; in the North, is apparently wrong); In East Colombia to the South from the East end of the Guainía (about him Rio Negro) until Caquetá to the East of Ecuador and East of Peru to the South and to the North of Bolivia at least Beni.

Reasonably frequent in the West of its range (the Forpus more common in the range in Ecuador and Colombia) but scarcer eastward, with few records in Venezuela and Guyanas.

Evidence of decline in the Eastern Amazonia (about Belém) and possible increase in Colombia, perhaps linked to reduction of dense forests.

Rare in captivity.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Forpus modestus modestus

    (Cabanis, 1849) – The nominal.

  • Forpus modestus sclateri

    (Gray,GR, 1859) – Southeast of Colombia to the North of Bolivia and the Brazilian Amazon.

Conservation:

• Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

Justification of the population:

The size of the world population Dusky-billed Parrotlet It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend:

It is suspected that this species has lost 11,6-12,6% of habitat within its distribution in three generations (12 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011).

Given the susceptibility of the species to hunt or capture, It is suspected that it will fall in <25% durante tres generaciones.

In captivity:

In captive not all known, However, This species is probably similar to other species of parrots-quite quiet, best with a partner, Although, they can be aggressive with other groups of parrots. It has a tendency to obesity.
You can learn to speak, usually up to around. 15 words. Males are generally more loquacious than females. They can also learn to whistle numerous melodies and make some tricks.

This Parrot is very small, they do not occupy much space, It makes it an ideal pet for people living in apartments, residences, or anywhere else than in small size, do not require a large cage and its maintenance is simple.

Alternative names:


- Dusky-billed Parrotlet, Dusky billed Parrotlet, Sclater's Parrotlet (inglés).
- Toui de Sclater (francés).
- Schwarzschnabel-Sperlingspapagei (alemán).
- tuim-de-bico-escuro (portugués).
- Catita Enana Oscura, Cotorrita de Sclater, Periquito Piquinegro (español).
- Periquito Piquinegro (Colombia).
- Periquito de Pico Oscuro (Perú).
- Periquito Pico Oscuro (Venezuela).

Jean Louis Cabanis

Jean Louis Cabanis

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Forpus
- Nombre científico: Forpus modestus
- Citation: (Cabanis, 1849)
- Protónimo: Psittacula Sclateri

Dusky-billed Parrotlet images:

————————————————————————————————

Dusky-billed Parrotlet (Forpus modestus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Brazilië – Crystal River (Amazon)
(2) – Periquito de pico oscuro en Alta Floresta – MT – Brasil By Hector Bottai (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Periquito de pico oscuro en Alta Floresta – MT – Brasil By Hector Bottai (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Forpus modestus by Günther EichhornFlickr
(5) – Dusky Billed Parrotlets at the end of the branch with Dusky Headed Parrots by Vince SmithFlickr
(6) – Psittacula sclateri = Forpus modestus, Dusky-billed Parrotlet by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

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Vídeo Cotorrita de Sclater

Clasificación Forpus modestus

Species:
  • Forpus modestus
  • Subspecies:
  • Forpus modestus modestus
  • Forpus modestus sclateri
  • Anatomy of the Psitacidae


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Species of the genus Forpus

    raton

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