Salmon-crested Cockatoo
Cacatua moluccensis

Cacatúa Moluqueña

Description

40 to 50 cm.. length and a weight of up to 900 gr.

The plumage of the Salmon-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) is predominantly white, except the tuft, that consists of red feathers that is usually when the bird is excited.

The interior of the wings is light salmon color. The the tail feathers they have a yellow-orange and pink color at the base.
The bill is strong, curved and black. The legs also are of color black. A skin bare of color white blue surrounds them eyes

The sexual dimorphism It is in the color of your eyes. Males have dark eyes while females have them red.
The immature are like adults.

  • Sound of the Salmon-crested Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Moluquena.mp3]

Habitat:

It shows preference for forests. It is from sea level up to the 1200 metres of elevation. In noisy roosts, during the breeding season, alone or in couples; at other times are found in groups of up to 16 birds. Species usually timid. You enable in the early morning and at dusk.

Reproduction:

The breeding season exact in the nature is unknown, but the activity of nesting It has observed in mayo, July and August, When the birds are usually seen alone or in pairs. The nests are built in large trees, taking advantage of holes in the trunks to 25 meters above the ground. The implementation size in captivity is from one to three, usually two, the eggs, they are incubated by both parents for 28 to 29 days.

Food:

With feeds fruit, grains, seeds, berries, vegetables and dried fruits. It has a peak strong, able to break the hard shells.
Probably also feed on insects and their larvae and from time to time in the coconut plantations, where Peck young fruits, to reach the water and the meat of the content.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 33.800 km2

Lives in the Plains to low height in the islands of the South of the Moluccas in Indonesia, Islands of Ceram, Saparua and Haruku.
It was introduced on the neighbouring island of Ambon.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Is in the list of species at risk of CIPA (International Council for the protection of birds). It became part of the I in 1989 of the CITES and, in Europe, is covered by the program of protection of the species in extinction (EEP).

Their main threats they are the illegal trade (in great measure responsibility of Indonesia) and deforestation, that has led to a dramatic loss of habitat.

In 1982, exported a total of 6.413 birds, around the 15% all local poultry export, Since this species is still very desired as a bird company.

Although the international trade reported fell to zero in the Decade of 1990, them hunters will have maintained very active and the birds are sold openly in Indonesia.

Just 62.400 Salmon-crested Cockatoo in the world according to the Federal Register of the FWS.

In the news Loro Parque Foundation has in place a “field project” for their protection and survival in their country of origin, We hope that this great work to proceed and succeed.

Moluccan cockatoo in captivity:

In captivity is quite rare and face, but he has adapted well and plays smoothly in the spaces provided.

As a pet is simply exceptional for its docility. The only drawback is the noise emitted in the moments when their demands are not met immediately.

Despite their exceptional behavior, We should not consider the holding of this cockatoo bird of this wonderful bird cage. Trade can lead in a few years to extinction.

Alternative names:

Salmon-crested Cockatoo, Moluccan Cockatoo, Rose cackatoo (ingles).
Cacatoès à huppe rouge, Cacatoès des Moluques (francés).
Molukkenkakadu (alemán).
Cacatua-das-molucas (portugués).
Cacatúa Copete Encarnado, Cacatúa Moluqueña, Cacatúa de las Molucas (español).

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Clasificación científica:

Orden: Psittaciformes
Familia: Cacatuidae
Genus: Cacatua
Nombre científico: Cacatua moluccensis
Citation: (Gmelin, 1788)
Protónimo: Psittacus moluccensis

Imágenes Cacatúa Moluqueña:

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Cacatúa Moluqueña (Cacatua moluccensis)

Fuentes:
Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Par
Birdlife

– Fotos: de.wikipedia.org, Wikimedia

– Sonidos: Frank Lambert (xeno-canto)

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo
Cacatua galerita

Cacatua galerita

Description

55 cm.. height and a weight between 815 and 975 g..

The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) It is a bird with a predominantly white plumage.

In adults, the ear-coverts, bases feathers throat and cheeks, are pale yellow. the arista formed by the 6 Erectile feathers slightly inclined forward, are yellow. The crest You can reach up 14 cm in length. The bottom of the wings and of the tail van dyed pale yellow.
The ring surrounding the eye shows a white. The irises is dark brown in the male and reddish brown in the female. The bill is blackish grey, the legs grey.

The immature They are just different from adults. The irises They are pale brown.

  • Sound of the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Galerita.MP3]
Description 4 subspecies
  • Cacatua galerita eleonora

    (Finsch, 1863) – It's like Cacatua galerita triton but smaller and with bill smaller.

  • Cacatua galerita fitzroyi

    (Mathews, 1912) – Yellowed feathers, both ear-coverts, and the throat and cheeks, they are absent. The eye ring It is light blue. Bill but great.

  • Cacatua galerita galerita

    (Latham, 1790) – Nominal.

  • Cacatua galerita triton

    (Temminck, 1849) – Something smaller, the crest WIDER and eye ring pale blue.

Behavior:

They are very noisy and very easy to observe, Although they are more identifiable by their cries.

During the breeding season, they live in pairs or in small family groups, but the rest of the year, They are in flocks that may contain hundreds of birds.

In the urban areas and in places that they are equipped with feeders, adopt a family behavior.
In other places, It inspired his distrust and his usual prudence, the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo they are very difficult to deal with.

In open areas these birds are implementing a sentinel system that is organized as follows: while most of the flock feeds, Some birds seen from a nearby perch and are likely to sound the alarm if danger.

Habitat:

Is located in variety of forest areas, forests (including swamps and river areas), mangroves, Open field, in agricultural lands (including rice fields and plantations of Palm), Savannah, Mallee and suburban areas. Found up to 1.500 meters in parts of Australia, 2.400 metres in Papua New Guinea.

Reproduction:

In Australia, the breeding season occurs from May to August in the North and between August and January, in the South.

In New Guinea, It takes place during every month of the year, Although those months more active are during the period from May to December.

This species occasionally breeds in colonies. The nest is a natural cavity in a eucalyptus large near a stream between 3 and 30 meters above the ground. Sometimes the residence of the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo It is located in the holes in the limestone cliffs along the Murray River. In this case, the eggs are deposited directly in the sand.

In New Zealand, These birds lay amid bales of hay in barns. The nest generally it contains 3 white eggs. These are deposited on a layer of debris decomposing at the bottom of the cavity.
incubate both parents alternatively for a period of 30 days. Hatchlings have a yellowish color and leave the nest after 6 to 9 weeks. Quite regularly, they return to the nest to rest for about two weeks.

The juveniles They remain within the family group for several months. They feed together in small scattered groups.

Food:

forages in grasses and herbs. You can take corn and wheat sprouts. It also feeds harmful herbs like cotton thistle. other foods include: roots, Rhizomes, nuts, berries, flowers, bulbs, flower and insect larvae.

They can cause great damage to crops. They dig in lands that were recently planted to eating fruit ripening, It also causes damage to crops that are stored and bales of hay to tear the plastic covering them.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 10600000 km2

This species is endemic to the north and east of Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands, especially Aru Islands, Indonesia.
It was imported successfully to Palau Islands in Micronesia, New Zealand and some Maluku islands.

The population in Taiwan It has been estimated at about 100 introduced breeding pairs

Lives mainly below 1.000 m, but sometimes you can see in Australia to 1500 m. and 2000 m in east New Guinea.

Distribution 4 subspecies

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: In decline.

It is thought that his population It is greater than 500.000 individuals.

It is not an endangered species. However, despite protection Indonesia this species is followed by trapping wild bird trade. Nor is a protected species in Australia, therefore sacrifices occur.

In New Guinea, sometimes it is hunted for its feathers.

It is suspected that his population is in decline due to ongoing habitat destruction.

Sulfur-crested cockatoo in captivity:

and valued species often as a pet.
Very Intelligent, sociable and playful. It is a cockatoo for experienced owners of birds. You can be dominant and aggressive. It can be very noisy.

There are anecdotal reports of some Sulphur-crested Cockatoo who they have lived more than 100 years. In the news, However, longevity record, According to sources, It belongs to a captive specimen called “Cocky” who he lived more than 57 years in the London Zoo. Another report suggests that these animals can live up 73.0 years in captivity, but this has not been verified.

Alternative names:

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, Greater Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, White Cockatoo, Yellow-crested cackatoo (English).
Cacatoès à huppe jaune, Grand Cacatoès à huppe jaune (French).
Gelbhaubenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-de-crista-amarela (Portuguese).
Cacatúa de Moño Amarillo, Cacatúa Galerita (Spanish).

John Latham
John Latham

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua galerita
Citation: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: parrot galeritns

Images Sulphur-crested Cockatoo:

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Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – commons.wikimedia.org
(2) – birdsandbirds.com
(3) – tilcheff

Sounds: Hans Matheve (Xeno-canto)

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo
Calyptorhynchus banksii

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo

Description

55 to 60 cm.. length between 570 and 870 weight g.

Adults of the Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) present sexual dimorphism. The male is entirely black, with the exception of the sides of the tail that are of color red glossy. The upper part of the head It is a long Ridge which starts from the front and goes up to the nape. The bill is grey dark.

The females they are slightly smaller. Show a plumage blackish brown with yellow-orange stripes on the tail and the chest. The cheeks and wings they are covered with small yellow spots. The bill is of color bone pale. Lower parts to the tail coverts they are finely excluded in beige.

The youth are similar to the females until they reach the maturity sexual, around the 4 years. Gradually, as they approach this age, YM will acquire their feathers red which gradually replaced their initial feathers in yellow.

  • Sound of the Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Colirroja.mp3]
Description 5 subspecies

Will differ between itself mainly by the size of its peak

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii banksii

    (Latham, 1790) – Nominal. Large. Bill dark grey.

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii graptogyne

    (Schodde, Saunders,DA & Homberger, 1989) – It is the smaller of the 5 Subspecies.

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii macrorhynchus

    (Gould, 1843) – Large as it nominal.

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii naso

    (Gould, 1837) – They have wings that seem to be more long and pointy.

  • Calyptorhynchus banksii samueli

    (Mathews, 1917) – Have a size and bill smaller.

Habitat:

Wide variety of habitats. Grasslands and scrub, from the dense rainforests to the forests of acacia and eucalyptus.
Nestbox, These birds are generally dependent on the old eucalyptus, Although according to which regions regions, the variety of trees for nesting, It could be different.

To feed, flocks of these cockatoos, they penetrate in agricultural lands and orchards, becoming a real plague.
In all parts of the Australian mainland, have been observed seasonal movements.
In the North, the majority of the cockatoos flee zones of high humidity during the rainy season.
In other parts of the continent, We are seeing movements directly related to food.
In South Australia, the movements are carried out in the South-North direction and are not necessarily linked to the stations.

Reproduction:

It nests in the hollow of the following trees: MARRI, Jarrah, Wandoo, Karri and Bullich. Eggs are laid on the bottom of a hollow log, up dry branches, between March and December. The cavity can have a depth of one to two meters. The diameter of the entry may vary from 25 to 50 centimeters.

The laying is of an only egg (In rare cases two). The incubation runs by features of the female and lasts between 29 and 31 days.
At birth the chicks are covered by a little and yellow plumage. Most of the times, the second breeding is abandoned and eventually die from lack of food. The breeding that survives is fed by both parents.

Food:

It feeds mainly from seeds, in particular those of Eucalyptus Marri (E. calophylla). Chew small branches, seizes clusters with legs and the “Chew” to extract the seeds. Strip the remains to the soil, at the foot of the tree. It is a great vegetarian, also eats berries, fruit, some insects and larvae. Occasionally it feeds on plants or varieties introduced as the radish wild, turnips or melons.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 8.680.000 km2

Endemic of Australia, where in drier areas.
They are especially common in the northern part of the country. In the South, they are less abundant and more dispersed.

The WPT (World Parrot Trust) contributed funds to a project in the South of Australia for help to save to these birds.

Distribution 5 subspecies

Will differ between itself mainly by the size of its peak

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

In the past it was common, but now it has become rare, It is distributed unevenly in areas that have been significantly reduced.
The decrease is caused by the deforestation, the competition for the nesting with species native and exotic, as well as the fires.

It is believed that the world's population exceeds the 100.000 individuals.
the subspecies graptogyne was estimated to be in less of 1.000 individuals in 1989.
Only the subspecies of the Southwest, Calyptorhynchus banksii naso, is considered as “Vulnerable”.

The subspecies Calyptorhynchus banksii banksii is not classified as threatened in all regions.

Redstart cockatoo in captivity:

Excellent with a very devoted owner. It can be quite noisy. It has a moderate ability to imitate human sound.
There has been an increase in captive birds in Australia. It is very rare as bird cage.
They can live in 50 to 100 years in captivity. The variety Calyptorhynchus banksii naso, of 25 to 50 years.

Alternative names:

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo, Banksian Cockatoo, Banks’s Black Cockatoo, Black Cockatoo (English).
Cacatoès banksien, Cacatoès de Banks (French).
Rabenkakadu (German).
Cacatua-negra-de-cauda-vermelha (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Colirroja, Cacatúa Fúnebre de Cola Roja (Spanish).

John Latham
John Latham

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Calyptorhynchus
Scientific name: Calyptorhynchus banksii
Citation: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: Psittacus Banksii

Cockatoo images Colirroja:

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Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

– Photos: Laslovarga (commons.wikimedia.org), Wikipedia, Scarlet23 (Wikipedia), Uploaded by Casliber (Wikipedia), Uploaded by Peter Campbell (Wikipedia)

– Sounds: Nigel Jackett

Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo
Zanda latirostris

Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo

Description

54 to 56 cm.. height and a weight between 520 and 790 g.

The Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo (Zanda latirostris) It is a large black cockatoo.

It has great bill black, crest erectile, white spot in the area ear and white panels on the tail. The female It is similar except patch area ear large and slightly yellowish white.
The immature Similar to adult female.

Closely related Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Zanda baudinii). They were formerly treated as a single species.

  • The Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo sound.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cacatua Funeral Piquicorta.mp3]

Habitat:

Mainly inhabits in native forests eucalyptus and shrubland or heathland. Visit temporarily plantations exotic pines.
Sometimes you see them in cities or at the edges of roads. It is also a visible visitor to the gardens containing native plants with hard fruits around Perth.

Usually they see them in groups of three or in small flocks, but occasionally gather in large flocks composed of hundreds or, exceptionally, thousands of birds. Sometimes it is associated with Baudin’s Black Cockatoo (Zanda baudinii) wave Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo (Zanda Banksia) in places where food is plentiful.

The species is said to be Residents in areas of high rainfall They are retaining much native vegetation and are emigrants of the driest regions and places where most of the native vegetation has been removed.

Reproduction:

They do not breed to at least four years of age.
Adult birds They mate for life, and stay together throughout the year.
Reproduction occurs mainly in the region Wheatbelt, northwest of the Stirling Range about Three Springs, but it has also recorded on the coastal plain in the South West, about Bunbury.
The reproductive activity It is limited to eucalyptus forests. They make their nests in large holes in the top of the eucalyptus.

The eggs They are white or cream, and they have no marks. Are incubated by female only, for a period of 28 to 29 days. The nestlings are fed by both parents, Although during the first 10 to 14 days after hatching are fed exclusively by the female.

Adults return to the same breeding ground each year.

Food:

It feeds mainly from seeds and occasionally nectar, fruit and insect larvae.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 196.000 km2

Endemic southwest Australia.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: In danger of extinction.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

On the basis of the distribution of birds during the breeding season, the total population of the Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo it has been estimated that is between the 11 000 and 60 000 birds, Although there are those who claim that their population could have less of 10 000 birds.

The decline of this species It is mainly due to the loss and fragmentation of habitat. This has been caused by the clearing of native vegetation, mainly for agricultural purposes, Since the mid-20th century.

There is no specific information available about future changes in the size of the population. However, It is believed that the range of the species will continue to shrink for a while, which leads to a concomitant decrease in population size.

Fúnebre short billed cockatoo in captivity:

A program captive breeding It was established in 1996 by the Department of Conservation and Land Management (CALM), in association with poultry farmers and licensed Zoo of Perth.
Genetic diversity in the captive population is enhanced by a program ' abandoned’ It rehabilitates injured wild birds and then incorporates them into captive breeding.

Some eggs and chicks are caught illegally for sale in the markets of poultry. Although it is said that the demand for the species has decreased during the last decade, high market prices (approximately 3.000 dollars per bird and 5,000 $ couple) along with the lack of success of captive breeding, They suggest that the illegal capture of this cockatoo will remain a continuing threat to the survival of this species.

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cockatoo
Genus: Zanda
Scientific name: Zanda latirostris
Citation: Carnaby, 1948
Protonimo: Zanda latirostris

Alternative names:

Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo, Carnaby’s Black Cockatoo, Mallee Cockatoo, Short-billed Black Cockatoo, Mallee Cockatoo, Short-billed Black Cockatoo, (English).
Cacatoès à rectrices blanches, Cacatoès de Carnaby (French).
Carnabys Weißohr-Rabenkakadu, Weißschwanz-Rußkakadu (German).
Cacatua-negra-de-bico-curto (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Fúnebre de Pico Corto, Cacatúa Fúnebre Piquicorta (Spanish).

Images Fúnebre short billed cockatoo:

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Slender-billed Black-Cockatoo (Zanda latirostris)

Sources:
Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos: Wikipedia, lostandcold (Flickr), Rabenkakadus – Wikipedia, Gnangarra…commons.wikimedia.org

Sounds: Nigel Jackett

Red fan Parrot
Deroptyus accipitrinus

Deroptyus accipitrinus
National Zoo - Washington DC

Description

35 to 41 cm.. height and between 190 and 277 g. of weight.

The Red fan Parrot (Deroptyus accipitrinus) is unmistakable for its showy colours. Has the forecrown and crown yellowish white, fading is back to Brown with striped pale in the part back from the neck and a bordered of feathers elongated in form of collar of color red Bordeaux in its base and blue bright in the tips; lores brown; cheeks, throat, sides neck and supercilii area, brown, strongly striped with shades yellow.

The upperparts are green. The under wing-coverts medium-sized and small are green; primary coverts of color blue dark dark. Primaries blackish, secondaries Green with dark tips. Under, the wings green, flight feather blackish. Sides of chest and belly green; Center of the chest and the belly red Bordeaux with blue tips, creating an effect bleached blue and Red, sometimes with a little bit of green, especially in the part superior of the chest; the thighs and undertail-coverts green. Upper, the tail green with blue tips, outer feathers with blue in the outerweb and Red hidden in the base of the innerwebs; undertail, the tail black. Bill blackish, paler at the tip; cere black; yellow the irises; legs dark grey.

It is not possible to determine the sex safely by their appearance.

Immature has lower mandible of color Horn and a rainbow Brown warm.

  • Sound of the Red fan Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro Cacique.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies

  • Deroptyus accipitrinus accipitrinus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal. With the forecrown whitish.

  • Deroptyus accipitrinus fuscifrons

    (Hellmayr, 1905) – With the forecrown dark brown.

Habitat:

The Red fan Parrot living in the jungle tropical of land low, preferring the formations of land firm, including the ground slightly wavy or of the hills (perhaps due to a greater diversity of plants of which is fed). Apparently prevents them forests and marshes, edge of forest and clear, but there is a report of birds in forest flooded in the drainage of River Morona, Peru, and feeds mainly on riverine forests in Venezuela. Only comes to them 400 meters in the southeast of Colombia and a 200 metres in Venezuela.

Not is very gregarious, are distributed in pairs or small groups of 3-4. On rare occasions, until 10. The aggregations prior to it breeds seem to break is in couples or trios to the home of the nesting. Delos glasses resting on trees in small groups (Perhaps alone in tree cavities). It feeds mainly in the canopy.

Not are very sociable. They show an appearance of Raptor, Deploying the feathers of the back of the head fan.

Reproduction:

Nest in tree holes, including an old nest of Woody Woodpecker, for example of a Woodpecker grebes (Campephilus rubricollis). The rapid flapping of wings, followed of a mild decline of sliding, give a flight of display deep wavy during the period of breeding. Breeding March-June, Venezuela; January-March, Guiana; February-April, Suriname; December-February, Brazil. Clutch 2-3 in captivity.

Food:

Feeds of leaves and outbreaks of Bombacopsis, unripe fruits of Dialium, fruits of Euterpe, Attalea, fagifolia, Astrocaryum; Also takes Inga and guava in cultivated areas.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 4.240.000 km2

Discontinuous. Amazon, from the South of Venezuela to the northeast of Ecuador and Peru, the Guianas and Amazonia Brazil.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Deroptyus accipitrinus accipitrinus

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal. From the South-East of Colombia to Venezuela, the Guianas; Northeast of Peru and North of Brazil.

  • Deroptyus accipitrinus fuscifrons

    (Hellmayr, 1905) – Brazil, to the South of the River Amazons (from For to the North of Mato Grosso) possibly Bolivia.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 24-31.3% of habitat suitable within their distribution during three generations (23 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). However, given the tolerance of the species to the effects of fragmentation / degradation / edges and / or the magnitude of the losses global, It is suspected that will decrease in <25% en tres generaciones.

Cacique parrot in captivity:

The Red fan Parrot or Parrot Hawk is a bird very Intelligent, playful and very beautiful. However and, Despite its undeniable appeal, It is not ideal to have captive species. Are extremely nervous and in occasions this is translated in that is start or bite them feathers or even can get to self-harm is.

Are parrots extremely noisy and have an exemplary inside House not seems too tolerable and Yes, a tough test for our patience.

Alternative names:

Red fan Parrot, Hawk-headed Parrot, Red-fan Parrot, Red-fen parrot (English).
Papegeai maillé, Perroquet accipitrin, Perroquet maillé, Perroquet papegai (French).
Fächerpapagei (German).
Anacã, curiba-bacabal, maracanã-guaçu, papagaio-de-coleira, vanaquiá (Portuguese).
Lora Gavilana, Loro Cacique, Quinaquina (Spanish).
Loro Cacique, Jia-Jia (Venezuela).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Deroptyus
Scientific name: Deroptyus accipitrinus
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: parrot accipitrinns

Images of parrot chieftain :

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Red fan Parrot (Deroptyus accipitrinus)

Sources:
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
Avibase
mundoexotics.com
Birdlife

– Photos: Dennis Avon, National Zoo - Washington DC, sutterkane.Tumblr.com, www.zoochat.com

– Sounds: Roger Ahlman

Scaly-naped Amazon
Amazona mercenarius

Scaly-naped Amazon

Description

Anatomy-parrots-eng
33 to 38 cm.. tall and 300 g. of weight.

The Scaly-naped Amazon (Amazona mercenarius) It is the only rider in mountain areas.

Green general coloration, with the feathers of the chest with black border, It is distinguished by having the wingtip yellow with orange spots, and external feathers tail tricolor with blue base, middle part red and yellow tip.

Bill pale gray area at the base of jaw; irises orange; legs brown.

Both sexes are similar. It is thought that immature they are similar to adults.

Description 2 subspecies

Scaly-naped Amazon Video

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

  • Amazona mercenarius canipalliata

    (Cabanis, 1874) – Speculum red absent. bases outer secondaries marked with brown spots. Some specimens show scattered red feathers crown, the throat top of the chest.

  • Amazona mercenarius mercenarius

    (Tschudi, 1844) – Nominal.

Habitat:

Andean and sub-Andean forests permanently cloudy between 1200 and 3000 m. Occasionally in warm floor and cultivated land.
Usually in pairs or groups of 30 to 40 individuals.

Reproduction:

They have reported evidence reproduction between March and May in Colombia. Nest eggs and yet undescribed. The incubation period apparently it lasts 25 and 26 days.

Food:

Little information on their diet, but he has seen taking figs and fruit unidentified in Colombia.
In Colombia they have been observed down to attack corn fields.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.160.000 km2

Andes from Venezuela to the North of Bolivia.

Distribution 2 subspecies

  • Amazona mercenarius canipalliata

    (Cabanis, 1874) – Andes of Colombia to northwest Venezuela and Ecuador.

  • Amazona mercenarius mercenarius

    (Tschudi, 1844) – Nominal. Andes North of Peru to the North of Bolivia; a single record in Argentina.

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ

Status
Least Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous habitat destruction.

The Amazona Mercenary in captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Scaly-naped Amazon, Mercenary Amazon, Mercenary Parrot, Scaly naped Parrot, Scaly-naped Parrot (English).
Amazone mercenaire (French).
Soldatenamazone (German).
Loro verde (Portuguese).
Amazona Mercenaria, Amazona Verde, Lora Andina, Loro nuca escamada, Lora paramera (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Tschudi-Johann Jakob of
Tschudi-Johann Jakob of

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona mercenarius
Citation: (Tschudi, 1844)
Protonimo: parrot hired

Scaly-naped Amazon Pictures:

Scaly-naped Amazon (Amazona mercenarius)

Sources:
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

– Photos: papageien.org, IBC.lynxeds.com , chrislansdell.blogspot.com.es, Flickr.com

– Sound: Hans Matheve

Red-lored Amazon
Amazona autumnalis

Red-lored Amazon

Anatomy-parrots-eng

Content

Description:

35,5 to 38,1 cm.. height and between 314 and 485g. weight.

The Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) is distinguished by its red front; Green with edge lilac it nape ; crown Lila; stain red in the wing , and tail blue margin.
The bill is grey with the upper mandible yellowish-horn. The irises his eye is orange. The legs are of color gray greenish.
They do not possess sexual dimorphism, namely, There is a physical difference between the male and female.

Description 3 subspecies:

Amazona autumnalis lilacina Lesson, 1844
  • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal.

  • Amazona autumnalis lilacina

    (Lesson, 1844) – It has a red band in the forecrown that it extends over them eyes; the cheeks Yellow.

  • Amazona autumnalis salvini

    (Salvadori, 1891) – It has cheeks and ear-coverts green; the basis of the tail by under Red.

Habitat:

Red-lored Amazon video

Parrots in the world

Species of the genus Amazona

This Amazon frequents a wide range of habitats wooded and open with trees, including rainforest, tropical deciduous forest, pine forests, mangroves, forest swamps, Gallery forests, areas cultivated with trees high and plantations; also forest dry in the South of Ecuador.

The Red-lored Amazon move from the rainforest (breeding season) to a habitat more open in winter in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. The altitudes that inhabit range from sea level to the 320 metres in Oaxaca, 1.100 metres in Honduras, 800 metres in the Caribbean, 1.000 meters on the slopes of the Pacific of Costa Rica, and 1.000 metres in Colombia.
The birds tend to be in pairs or in flocks loose, being more gregarious When feed (occasionally macaws) and when resting. Outside the breeding season, the bird is refuge in trees high in forests of Gallery or mangroves.

Reproduction:

They nest during the seasonal dry in hollow of trees (usually dead, for example, Tabebuia or Ceiba) or on the stump of a Palm tree. Birds in State reproductive in April, Oaxaca; February-March, Belize; March, Guatemala; January-February, Colombia. Reproduce between February-April, Panama; March-may, Belize and January-March, Ecuador. Clutch 3-4 eggs.

The incubation varies from 25 to 26 days. The chicks remain in the nest 70 days.

Food:

In the wild these birds feed on figs Ficus, orange, Mango, fruits of Palm (including the of Cordia lutea and Spondias purpurea), coffee beans (Coffea arabica), seeds of Ferrule, Casearia and Protium. Mainly are feeds in the tops of trees high.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 2.570.000 km2

The Red-lored Amazon It extends from the South of Mexico north of South America with a population disjunct in the Amazon.
You can find in them lands low of the this of Mexico, in the South of Tamaulipas, in the East of San Luis Potosí, Puebla, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche and Quintana Roo. The records of other parts of the country (for example, City of Mexico) probably you refer to leak.
You can see in Belize and in the lowlands of the Caribbean of Guatemala and Honduras (including Roatan and Guanaja in Islands of the Bay and probably soon in Utila), until Nicaragua and Costa Rica, where are they present in humid areas of the tropical zone on both slopes (absent from the dry Northwest ), also in Panama and on the islands of Coiba and Escudo de Veraguas and in the Archipelago of pearls (absent from the driest areas of the Azuero peninsula).

In the Northwest of Colombia they appear on the Pacific slope of the Western Andes from the Panamanian border to the South up to the The Baudó mountains and from the southwest of Cauca south to Ecuador in the Gulf of Guayaquil. Also it extends to the North of the Andes in Colombia to Magdalena Medio and to the East in the Northwest of Venezuela in Zulia (Sierra de Perija).

In the Northwestern basin of the Brazilian Amazon a disjunct population exists between Rio Negro and Rio Solimões.

Usually resident with some local seasonal habitat preferences (for example, in Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico). Is usually the most common Parrot and more numerous in some parts of the range (for example, in parts of Central America) but now is a species very rare to the West of them Andes in Ecuador and Colombia with a population of the subspecies Amazona autumnalis lilacina estimated in 400-600 specimens.

Population decreased drastically in the island of Roatan (Honduras) where he captured it is massively for export, and maybe missing in Utila for the same reason.

Capture combined with the loss of habitat also has caused declines in some other parts of its area of distribution (for example, East of Mexico and Ecuador). Common in captivity in some areas, and marketed internationally.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal. Coast of the Caribbean from the East of Mexico South to North of Nicaragua.

  • Amazona autumnalis lilacina

    (Lesson, 1844) – West of Ecuador.

  • Amazona autumnalis salvini

    (Salvadori, 1891) – North of Nicaragua south to Colombia and Venezuela.

Conservation:

Conservation status ⓘ

Status
Least Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

This species has a very large range and, Therefore, is not approaching the thresholds of Vulnerability at the discretion of the distribution area size.

The population size is very large and, therefore, not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 mature individuals with an estimated> continuous decline 10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as least concern.

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous destruction of the habitat and to levels of exploitation unsustainable.

The Amazona lored in captivity:

Is of vital importance that the diet is complete and balanced in all directions, as this prevents, along with other factors, the appearance of bone problems or the known software that affects numerous parrots. To ensure the balance of this, prepared feed very well supply the nutritional needs of each animal, However, they should not miss plant, fruits and vegetables, as well as diversity of seeds that come in mixture.

As for accommodation, If they are not removed from cage constantly, This should be spacious enough so that you can exercise the muscles of the wings and the legs, and the plumage of the bird is preserved in perfect condition.

The Red-lored Amazon enjoy, like all parrots, tearing apart and finding out things, so it must be of some other toy or we can end up having problems with furniture. Them feet of parrot are very suitable if your stay is in the outside of the cage. Of course, they must not be exposed to draughts or sudden changes in temperature. The water must be clean at your fingertips, because the existence of fungi causes serious breathing problems.

In terms of coexistence to have it in the neighborhood area, in comparison with other species in Amazon, are relatively quiet, so in general do not cause many problems.

In captivity, can get to live up to 80 years.

BREEDING AND REPRODUCTION:

Its captive breeding started for the first time in United States, after their importation from the place of origin, South America in the 1950's.

Those individuals acquire their sexual maturity on the 4 years of age, and if you have a good breeding pair in the right conditions, they can perform two annual broods, Although the main thing if you want to raise, patience. Many couples will need several years to first breeding, so it is very important to be patient and wait for the right moment.

The female lays in the nest (No fill) of 2 to 6 eggs incubated without the help of the male usually. This is dedicated to feeding the own female and chicks after their birth to the 28 days until its independence after twelve weeks.

Alternative names:

Red-lored Parrot, Red-lored Amazon, Yellow-Cheeked Amazon (English).
Amazone à lores rouges, Amazone diadème (French).
Rotstirnamazone (German).
Papagaio-diadema, Papagaio-diadema (Papagaio cavacué) (Portuguese).
Amazona Frentirroja, Lora Frentirroja, Loro Frentirrojo (Spanish).
Lora cariamarilla (Honduras).
loro cachete-amarillo (Mexico).

Scientific classification:

Carl Linnaeus

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Amazona
Scientific name: Amazona autumnalis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus autumnalis

Red-lored Amazon images:


Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • Grupohypermarkup

Photos:

(1) – Wikimedia.org
(2) – Red-lored Amazon or Red-lored Parrot; two captive parrots By Brian Gratwicke (originally posted to Flickr as Red-lored Amazon) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Red-lored Amazon in Panama By Nelson de Witt from USA (Hello!) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – To pet Red-lored Amazon By Richard (originally posted to Flickr as Looming….) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Red-lored parrots (Amazona autumnalis), OSA Peninsula, Costa Rica By Charlesjsharp (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – A Red-lored Amazon at Rock Farm, Belize. It has a feather problem By Rigrat [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – This is the image of a parrot originating of the jungle of Chiapas in Mexico By Joe Quick [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Red-lored Amazon perching on a branch with wings open near Belmopan, Belize By Rigrat (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A strange sight to me to see parrots flying in the wild. This Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) was spotted with a group along the roadside in the Cayo distict of Belize By The Lilac Breasted Roller (originally posted to Flickr as Red Lored Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Lilacine Amazon, head from lateral by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Walter Rivera

Scaly-headed Parrot
Pionus maximiliani

Scaly-headed Parrot

Description:

27 to 29 cm.. height and between 233 and 293 g. of weight.

Scaly-headed Parrot

The Scaly-headed Parrot (Pionus maximiliani) It is medium in size and tail very short; has the lores, the forecrown and the eye area opaque dark bronze; the feathers on crown, the cheeks, the chin and the sides of the neck, basal green with wide enough margins bronze that give the appearance of flake; ear-coverts with dark green margins but brighter than other pens head.

The back of the neck and green the mantle become more brown and olive green upper lower parts, where some feathers have quite indistinct darker tips. Coverts smaller and medium-sized green olive brown with indistinct dark tips; alula, primary and greater coverts and flight feathers, brighter green, contrasting with the upperparts brown, duller.

Under the wings, opaque green. The throat and the top chest blue violet off that fade in brownish olive green in the bottom of the chest and most of the belly, but they are become brighter and greener in flanks and the thighs; undertail-coverts Crimson. Upper, the tail green in the center, outer feathers mainly blue and red at the base; undertail, the tail, bluish green duller. Bill black with yellow edges on the upper mandible and the bottom tip; orbital skin pale grey; irises dark brown; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar. Immature It has less intense the blue throat; feathers head more green with less distinct margins.

  • Sound of the Scaly-headed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loro Choclero canto.mp3]

Description 4 subspecies:

  • Pionus maximiliani lacerus

    (Heine, 1884) – Similar to the subspecies Pionus maximiliani siy but with a bill stronger, the chest more purple and perhaps larger on average.

  • Pionus maximiliani maximiliani

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

  • Pionus maximiliani melanoblepharus

    (Ribeiro, 1920) – Blue darker in throat and darker above. Larger.

  • Pionus maximiliani siy

    (Souance , 1856) – Much like the nominal species but darker below, more purple and less blue in the chest, yellower in back and Blue throat lighter.

Habitat:

It inhabits in a wide range of forested habitats, but mostly in dry forests lowland ranging from caatinga very dry, inside the northeast of Brazil, through the savannas Closed seasonal, to Chaco; also in wetter forests, including forests in galleries and forests of araucarias, especially in southeast Brazil. They can also be seen in subtropical forests in Eastern Andean slopes some 2.000 meters in the Northwest of Argentina and some 1.500 meters in the mountains of the South of Brazil.

Tolerant to human alteration of forest habitats and sometimes cultivated areas. Generally gregarious, arriving to form flocks numerous in places in where the food is abundant probably is hiding in small groups in them cups of them trees.

Reproduction:

They nest in tree hollows. Birds in terms of breeding in the month of October in Paraguay; November in São Paulo; laying 3-5 eggs.

Food:

The plants food include Erythrina, Inga, Piptadenia, Copaifera, Croton, Pachystroma, Plathymenia reticulata, Ficus and Araucaria.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 6.650.000 km2

The species is found in the Center, South and East of Brazil, from Maranhão and Ceará in the Northeast, to the South by Piauí, Bay, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Brazil and the eastern coastal States up to Rio Grande do Sul and to the South of Mato Grosso (region pantanal), extending to the southeast of Bolivia, from Santa Cruz to the South in the Eastern Andes and to the North of Argentina in Salta, Tucumán and Catamarca in the East and North of Santa Fe in the West.

Mainly resident, Although perhaps not raised in the drier parts of the Argentine Chaco. Apparently more numerous in the center of its area of distribution, where its abundance is only surpassed by the Maroon-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura frontalis); progressively more scarce toward the periphery.

Locally quite common or common in Bolivia and locally common in the North of Argentina, where it is most abundant in the South of Salta, Tucumán and areas adjacent in Catamarca. Moderately common in Rio Grande do Sul and common in the pantanal; densities Brazilian more high in São Paulo.

The decrease apparent, in some parts of the range, (for example, North of the Argentina) is attributable to the trade, but in other places (for example, the southeast of Brazil) is undoubtedly its decline due to the loss of forests.

Distribution 4 subspecies:

  • Pionus maximiliani lacerus

    (Heine, 1884) – Northwest of Argentina.

  • Pionus maximiliani maximiliani

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal. Northeast of Brazil.

  • Pionus maximiliani melanoblepharus

    (Ribeiro, 1920) – East of Paraguay, Brazil and northeast of Argentina (Missions)

  • Pionus maximiliani siy

    (Souance , 1856) – Southeast of Bolivia until Paraguay, West of Brazil (Mato Grosso), North of Argentina.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous habitat destruction and to levels of exploitation unsustainable.

Threats

The species has been object of strong exchanges: from 1981, When is included in the Appendix II of the CITES, they have been 93.234 individuals captured in the wild in the international trade (database CITES from the UNEP-WCMC, January 2005).

Choclero parrot in captivity:

Curious, very intelligent and social. Quiet and relatively little aggressive. Prone to obesity. You can learn to imitate.
Pretty common in captivity. Longevity: 20 years.

Housing: Site suspended at a minimum to 2 metres in height.

Diet: fruit as: Apple, pear, orange, banana, Granada, cactus fruits, they form approximately the 30 percent of the diet; vegetables as: carrot, celery, Green beans, pea in the pod; maize fresh; green leaves such as: Chard, lettuce, Dandelion, Aviary grass; millet; mix of seeds small e.g.: millet, and small amounts of buckwheat, oats, safflower and hemp; soaked and sprouted from seeds of sunflower; beans, cooked vegetables and boiled corn.

It needs regular exercise it is necessary to provide you with an Aviary as large as possible. Provide shallow bowls of water for bathing. Also provide stairs, swings, strings, different sizes of hooks and assorted toys.

Alternative names:

Scaly-headed Parrot, Maximilian’s Parrot, Scaly headed Parrot (English).
Pione de Maximilien, Pionus de Maximilien (French).
Maximilianpapagei (German).
Maitaca, baitaca, maitaca-bronzeada, maitaca-de-Maximiliano, maitaca-suia, maitaca-verde, suia, umaitá (Portuguese).
Loro Bronceado, Loro choclero, Loro maitaca (Spanish).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pionus
Scientific name: Pionus maximiliani
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Maximilian parrot

Images Scaly-headed Parrot:


Scaly-headed Parrot (Pionus maximiliani)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – IBC.lynxeds.com
(2) – A Scaly-headed Parrot (also called a Scaly-headed Pionus, Maximilian’s Pionus, amd Maximilian’s Parrot) in a cage By Alex Knowles [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A pet male Scaly-headed Parrot (also called Maximilian Pionus, Maximilian Parrot, Maximilian’s Pionus, or Maximilian’s Parrot) By Snowmanradio (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Scaly-headed Pionus (also called Maximilian Pionus, Maximilian Parrot, Maximilian’s Pionus, or Maximilian’s Parrot) at Zoológico de Americana, São Paulo, Brazil By Moe Oliveira [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Loro Choclero By Danbrazil (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Iconographie des perroquets : non figurés dans les publications de Levaillant et de M. Bourjot Saint-Hilaire By Blanchard, Emile; Bonaparte, Charles Lucian; Bourjot Saint-Hilaire, Alexandre; Le Vaillant, François; Souancé, Charles de. [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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