English Springer Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 125 . Flushing Dogs

The English Springer Spaniel it is the oldest of all British hunting dogs.

Content

History

The English Springer Spaniel is a distant descendant of dogs Spaniel type who arrived from Spain to the British Isles more than 1.500 years.

Already in 1576, the Dr. John Caius described the descendants of these dogs from the Iberian Peninsula in his Treaty of English Dogs, but it wasn't until 1801 and Cynographia Britannica de Sydenham Edwards, naturalist and illustrator, when a distinction was made between Cockers smaller and Springers Taller.

However, litters used to be a mix of both types, and the difference in names was simply based on the size. Both types were used to hunt game birds; his job was to detect and expel the animal, which was then caught in a net, shot with a bow or, sometimes, captured by a specially trained hawk. The current names of the races are derived from these hunts: the Cockers excelled in hunting woodcock, While the English Springer Spaniel excelled in finding, make the game birds fly and collect the prey for the armed hunter.

In the 19th century, breeders began to select dogs, so that the dog lines differed from region to region. The most imposing dogs were found in the region of Norfolk and they took the name of Norfolk Spaniel about 1850. This was the name by which all the greats were shown Spaniels at dog shows.

This changed in 1902, When the Kennel Club (KC), Britain's leading organization, recognized the English Springer Spaniel as an independent race. It was given its own standard, very different from other similar looking dogs, and the breeding program was tightened.

Only eight years later, in 1910, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The reputation of the breed grew considerably in North America from the decade of 1920. In 1932, was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC), the other leading organization in America. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) followed him in 1954. In the news, the English Springer Spaniel is accepted by all major canine organizations, including Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

With a little less than 10.000 registrations per year in the CKC, the English Springer Spaniel is still one of the 10 Britain's most popular dog breeds. However, has been in decline since the early 1990s 2010, when they were born almost 13.000 each year.

The trend is much more stable in France, where some 1.700 births in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) since the early years of the 21st century. This number had previously doubled in just a decade, since at the beginning of the years 90 it was rather around the 800, and even below 500 in the early 80.

The same stability is found in the United States, where it has fluctuated, at least since the beginning of the 21st century, between the post 25 and the 30 AKC Breed Classification, based on the number of annual registrations in the organization. The UKC also develops a classification based on the number of births reported to it., in which it is among the 20 first.

Photo: An eight year-old, male, liver and white English Springer Spaniel named by Xandercary, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The English Springer Spaniel has a compact and harmonious appearance. However, there is a real difference in morphology between the individuals of the lines destined for dog shows and those whose specialty is hunting and field trials: the former are much more massive than the latter

In both cases, the English Springer Spaniel he is tall on legs, so much so that it is the tallest of the Spaniels of British origin. Her body, slightly rectangular, muscular and symmetrical, exudes power and agility. The legs are muscular and of solid bones, and end in round, compact legs.

The tail has fringes, it is short and very mobile. It has long been docked to avoid hunting accidents, but now docking is prohibited in most countries.

The head of the English Springer Spaniel it is quite wide, with a well-proportioned muzzle and well-developed nostrils. The eyes are medium in size, almendrada form, with a lively and soft expression. They must be dark hazel in color, but a light color is also possible, although it is considered a fault. The ears are long, wide and lobed. They fall back along the head and have attractive fringes.

The undercoat is short, smooth and dense, while the top layer is longer, smooth and closed. The set is made to withstand inclement weather, but it also protects you from the various thorns and twigs that could injure you in the undergrowth. However, individuals from the working lines generally have shorter hair than those from the beauty lines.-

Their fur is black and white or liver and white, and may have tan markings. Also in this case there is a certain divergence between show dogs and those intended to be pets or hunting dogs., since the fur of the former has more marked colors.

Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males are only slightly larger and heavier than females.

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 48 – 51 cm.
    ▷ Female size: 48 – 49 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 18 – 22 kg
    ▷ Female weight: 18 – 19 kg

Varieties:

From the age 40, the breeders of English Springer Spaniel have tended to distinguish between lines for dog shows and those for hunting or company.

In effect, when it became apparent that the individuals who stood out on beauty pageant podiums and those who won job tests were never the same, this led some breeders to specialize, selecting their players either for their aesthetics or for their physical aptitudes.

In fact, individuals destined for podiums are generally more massive, have stronger colors and less need to strain. However, no official organization considers them a variety in their own right: no standard distinguishes between show dogs and working dogs.

Character and skills

The English Springer Spaniel he's incredibly sociable, open and loving. They love the company of humans in general, and his family in particular. If left alone for a long time, may suffer from separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior and incessant barking.

On the other hand, You can express your joy at seeing your master come back by peeing on the carpet. To get rid of this bad habit, it is necessary to avoid that the return home is an event. Therefore, it is advisable not to pay immediate attention to the dog, but take a few minutes to take off your shoes, hang up the coat, keep the keys… encouraging you to wait without undue excitement.

If you bark when a person approaches, generally it is less to warn him than to invite him to come and pet him and play with him. Therefore, can play the role of a warning dog, because he is listened to in every visit, but certainly not that of a guard dog that drives malicious people back. Welcomes both adults and children, with whom you can spend hours running and playing in the garden. However, it is important to remember that, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child, even though i have known him for years; all interactions must be under adult supervision.

His sociable character also extends to his fellow men, although some signs of aggressiveness may appear, especially between individuals of the same sex. Living with cats and rodents is also usually without problems, but the same cannot be said for birds. Anyone who adopts this dog while having chickens or ducks in the garden will quickly understand why his hunting skills are unanimously recognized.…

To feel good and show the full range of your interpersonal skills, the English Springer Spaniel need to be able to exercise. One hour of intense physical exercise (footing, Games…) is necessary for your well-being, and appreciates taking long walks of several hours from time to time. It is, because, from a perfectly adapted companion for a person who wants to regularly take their dog for a walk. On the other hand, your outings in an urban environment should always be done on a leash, to prevent him from rushing after all the pigeons and birds he finds. During long walks in nature, it is better to let it evolve freely so that it can fully enjoy, but then it is wise to equip him with a GPS collar to be able to locate him at any time, for example if you wander off in search of woodcocks or other game.

Although they have a reputation for being less active, dogs in show lines should also exercise for a minimum of one hour a day.

As long as its owner is active and takes it out enough, can live in an apartment, even if it is not ideal for him: you better have access to a garden. You better have access to a garden, but it must be well fenced to prevent it from escaping if it sees birds or follows a friendly passerby who gives it some treats. In any case, you should not spend most of your time alone in the garden: its place is inside, with his family.
In addition, physical exercise is not enough to keep you balanced: you also have to stimulate it mentally, especially because he is very intelligent and has a desire to learn just as great. If these qualities are not stimulated, you are likely to get bored, and then he can find something to do biting his master's shoes, throwing things or digging in the garden.

Dog sports are a great way to keep your dog busy both physically and mentally.. Any activity works, but they are especially good at obedience competitions, crawl and search.

Last but not least, although some individuals never give voice to their dogs, the English Springer Spaniel tends to bark quite frequently. They do it to signal the approach of a person or to greet him, to warn of boredom or simply to attract attention. If this trend is not stopped at an early age, can cause problems with neighbors.

Education

Like any dog, the English Springer Spaniel must be socialized from the first weeks of life. If you don't have the opportunity to meet different people, to meet other animals and to face all kinds of situations, you risk becoming shy or, on the other hand, to develop some aggressiveness.

It is also necessary to get used to walking on a leash as soon as possible, as well as teaching him not to bark in an untimely way. If their masters are absent often or for a long time, they should also help you understand that you can spend several hours alone without worrying, because his family will always return to him.

With his above-average intelligence and willingness to do anything to please, the English Springer Spaniel is capable of achieving wonders, even under the guidance of a novice trainer. Like this, beyond the basic teachings, his thirst for learning allows him to assimilate many tricks. However, you have to be patient and be constant, as with any dog, and know how to detect when he starts to get bored to stop the session or move on to something else.

In any case, traditional training methods are not at all suitable for this emotional dog, who has unlimited trust in humans, as they could traumatize you. Better to use positive reinforcement, that allows you to learn while having fun and takes advantage of your natural sociability.

Health

The English Springer Spaniel is generally quite robust and has a good life expectancy, to the point that many representatives of the breed reach the 15 years.

Originally from Great Britain, the English Springer Spaniel has a waterproof coat that is not affected by the weather. Their undercoat is more or less dense depending on the climate of the region in which they live., and are equally resistant to cold and heat. However, they do not like extremes and should be able to shelter in the shade when it is hot, and have a cozy place to stay when the temperature drops.

Given its popularity around the world for more than a century, no wonder so many different diseases have been recorded in this dog. The most frequent problems are :

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a malformation in the joint that is usually inherited and can cause locomotor difficulties. Genetic testing can greatly reduce risk;
  • Patellar luxation (or dislocation of the patella), when the kneecap moves out of position, causing a limp. It can be congenital or occur after an impact;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, leading to retinal degeneration and total loss of vision. This disease appears to be increasing in the breed's population, although it is still rare;
  • The retinal dysplasia, a congenital malformation of the retina that, in most cases, does not affect vision;
  • The entropion, when the eyelid folds over the eye and causes irritation. This problem can be corrected by a simple surgical intervention.;
  • Phosphofructokinase deficiency, an enzyme responsible for the assimilation of glucose in the blood, that usually has no consequences and is often undetected. However, in severe cases, can lead to muscle loss, fever and hyperventilation;
  • Skin problems, either hereditary or due to an allergy.

Other rare diseases have been reported in some individuals, like autoimmune diseases, the fucosidosis canina and the very rare and surprising rabies syndrome (not to be confused with rabies disease), When a peaceful dog is suddenly seized by a fit of hyperagression for no apparent reason.

In addition, dogs used for hunting are more prone to accidents, lesions and parasites than other dogs.

However, do not be fooled by the long list of diseases that can affect a English Springer Spaniel, most of which are very rare. A study conducted by the Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association in 2004 about almost 100 breed deaths showed that the main causes of death in this breed are various forms of cancer and advanced age.

In any case, adopt from a breeder of English Springer Spaniel serious and responsible maximizes the chances of getting a healthy puppy, above all thanks to the tests that the animal or its parents will continue to carry out to ensure the absence of congenital or hereditary diseases -or susceptible to being so- like dysplasia, for example. The professional must also provide a certificate from a veterinarian who has examined the puppy and certifies that it is in good health., as well as the data of the administered vaccines, registered in your health or vaccination card.

However, There is no use adopting a healthy puppy if you do not do what is necessary to keep it healthy, especially through appropriate preventive actions. One of the points to pay more attention in this matter is your ears: like any dog ​​with hanging ears, has a higher risk of infections at this level.

Regular vet visits are another essential part of prevention. They should be scheduled at least once a year to detect the beginnings of a potential health problem and to make sure your dog is up to date on his vaccinations.

Life expectancy

Of 12 - 14 years

Grooming

The maintenance of the coat of the English Springer Spaniel is simple, but it takes some effort. In fact, molts throughout the year, and it should be brushed once or twice a week to keep its coat in good condition. During spring and fall molts, it is even necessary to brush it daily to remove excess dead hair.

In addition, as his fur is quite tight, does not hesitate to get into the puddles, so it may be useful to bathe it after a hunting excursion or a particularly muddy outing in the woods, to prevent it from getting dirty and / or smells bad. Then you have to be careful to use a mild shampoo specifically designed for dogs., at the risk of damaging your skin.

In general, It is also strongly recommended that you get into the habit of thoroughly inspecting your dog every time you spend long hours outdoors, either during a hunting day or a long excursion. This allows any injury to be detected immediately, spoilage or parasites, and act accordingly.

In addition, although he doesn't really tend to drool, not a very clean diner, mostly because it turns out that her long ears get soaked in her bowl. Therefore, it is advisable to get in the habit of wiping your face with a towel after every meal.

His floppy ears deserve special attention, since this morphological characteristic makes moisture and dirt easily accumulate in them, with an increased risk of infection. Therefore, should be examined and washed at least once a week.

Take advantage to check that the eyes are clean, and clean them with a damp cloth if they are not.

Your weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush your teeth, to prevent the formation of dental plaque. Plaque can cause bad breath, tooth decay and other oral diseases. Ideally, do it more frequently.

Last but not least, even if your activity level makes natural wear and tear is enough to file your nails, it is advisable to take a look at them every 4 or 6 weeks to make sure they're not too long. Yes they are, could get in the way of walking, or even break and hurt you, so they need to be trimmed manually with a dog nail clipper. The first time, it may be a good idea to do this under the eye of a vet or groomer to make sure you are doing it right.

Utility

The English Springer Spaniel was developed for hunting, especially birds (mainly the woodcock), and it must be admitted that he continues to excel in the location and the fright of the hunt, and then return it to the hunter once he has killed it. They are still used to hunt around the world, tracking both small game birds and small game animals.

They are also excellent companion dogs., loyal and loving, suitable for a home active enough to satisfy your need for plenty of exercise.

His propensity to bark also makes him a good alert dog.. However, as it does more to welcome intruders (or even to be happy if they give him some goodies) that to repel them, he's a poor guard dog.

When not used for hunting, the physical and mental qualities of the English Springer Spaniel can be admired at dog sports competitions. They tend to excel in disciplines such as flyball, obedience, agility, crawl and crawl.

They have long been used in law enforcement and the military, and are currently used in Great Britain, United States, Canada, Sweden and Finland. In fact, his excellent sense of smell makes him a very good dog at detecting explosives, drugs, but also illegal immigrants at the borders.

They are also frequently found as rescue and search dogs for accident victims, either in the mountains or in urban areas.

Last but not least, his closeness to humans and his sociable nature also make him a very good therapy dog, sometimes found in hospitals and nursing homes.

Price "English Springer Spaniel"

The price of a puppy English Springer Spaniel is of some 800 EUR, without much difference in price between males and females. This average hides a range of values ​​that go from about 500 Euros for dogs with characteristics that are far from the standard up to approximately double for those of prestigious ancestry and are intended for dog shows.

The price varies depending on the reputation of the breeder, the prestige of the lineage from which the animal comes, but also and above all of its intrinsic physical characteristics.

Characteristics “English Springer Spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “English Springer Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
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Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "English Springer Spaniel"

Photos:

1 – English Springer Spaniel by Heinz Höfling, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Coffee, English-Springer-Spaniel, 8 Months by photo taken by Heinz Höfling [User:Hhoefling], CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – A black English Springer Spaniel named Oliver. by racermd5, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – English Springer Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/hund-englisch-springer-spaniel-317039/
5 – Mimi, English Springer Spaniel by Pedro Lopez
6 – Tallinn, Estonia, duo CACIB 2013 August 17-18 by Tomasyna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "English Springer Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Bailiffs of hunting dogs
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "English Springer Spaniel"

FCIFCI - "English Springer Spaniel"
Springer

Alternative names:

    1. Springer Spaniel (English).
    2. English Springer Spaniel (French).
    3. English Springer Spaniel (German).
    4. (em inglês: English Springer Spaniel) (Portuguese).
    5. (en inglés English Springer Spaniel) (Spanish).

Italian Spinone
Italia FCI 165 . Griffon type.

Italian Spinone

In some countries, the Italian Spinone does not enjoy the dissemination it deserves, because faster breeds of dogs with more olfactory capacity are preferred.

Content

History

As the name suggests, the Italian Spinone -or “Italian Griffon” – is originally from Italy, more specifically from the Piedmont region, in the north of the country. It is a very old breed of dog, and whoever looks for its exact origins will find more questions than answers. However, it is generally accepted that it is the result of various crosses over the centuries between Italian Setters, Griffons from France, White Mastiffs and Dogs of Greece.

There is evidence that their ancestors already hunted in the Alps and Apennines more than 2000 years. However, the first clear reference to the breed dates back to the Middle Ages, more specifically to the fifteenth century, in the form of a fresco by Andrea Montegna (1431-1506) inside the Ducal Palace of Mantua (Italy), which represents an Italian Spinone. Two centuries later, Jacques Espée of Sélincourt, evoca en su manual The Perfect Hunter (1683) an Italian Griffon from Piedmont.

Popular for centuries in Italy, the Spinone suffered greatly during WWII. The end of hostilities did not mean a notable improvement in their situation, as Italian hunters began to prefer breeds imported from abroad.

In 1949, Dr. Paolo Branzi and Dr.. Ezio Caraffini founded La Famiglia dello Spinone -which has since become the Italian Spinoni Club- and they had 59 representatives of the breed throughout Italy. They chose 10 of them to start a breeding program aimed at rebuilding the population and stabilizing its characteristics. They drew up a first standard and contacted the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI), reference body of the country, to initiate the necessary procedures for the recognition of the breed.

His work paid off, so that in 1955 the Spinone Italiano was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Then it began to spread internationally, although it took a while, especially in North America. For this reason, until 1995 el United Kennel Club (UKC) American did not grant him his recognition. The other reference organization in the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2000. The Canadian Kennel Club did the same in 2006.

In fact, although it is quite common in its country of origin and is the second most popular hunting dog in that country, its international distribution remains limited. However, is quite successful in Britain, where the Kennel Club registers between 400 and 500 births every year. This is far from the case in France.: with less than ten annual entries in the French Book of Origins (LOF), it is clear that he is far from having conquered the hearts of French hunters.

In United States, AKC statistics put her around the position 110 (of 195) in the ranking of the most popular breeds in the country.

Photo: I came across this adorable dog while walking around Dorset. Took a photo and then got really scared of the camera. by Caroline Granycome, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Italian Spinone it's well built, with well developed muscles and strong bones.

Her body, as high as long, is square in shape and ends in a thick bushy tail. The tail hangs at rest and is horizontal when in action. The legs are solid and end in compact round legs.

The head is egg-shaped, with a curved skull and a muzzle the same length as the skull. The color of the nose varies between the pink of the white dogs and the brown of the roan dogs. The eyes are round, big and far apart. They are of a more or less dark ocher color. Triangular shape, the ears are rather long and fall along the cheeks.

The body of the Spinone is entirely covered in stiff, dense fur, about 4 - 6 cm long, that protects it when it slides through the undergrowth, but also when thrown into cold water. It is shorter at the top of the head and at the front of the legs. In the face, a dense coat of thick eyebrows and a full beard, typical of the breed, which also protects it from brambles and bushes. Beneath this top layer is the dog's fur, which has the peculiarity of not having undercoat.

The coat can be plain white, white with orange spots, chestnut or brown, or roan with orange spots, chestnut or brown. Tricolor or black-haired dogs are not accepted by the breed standard.

Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is marked: the male is larger and above all significantly more massive than the female.

Size and weight

    Male size: Of 60 - 70 cm.
    Female size: Of 58 - 65 cm.
    Male weight: Of 32 - 37 kg
    Female weight: Of 28 - 30 kg

Character and skills

Generally easier to live with than other pointers, the Spinone Italianos they are affectionate and close to their family, they love to play and spend most of the time with them. Although they are hunters, They are not the kind that jump into the open sea and disappear as soon as potential prey catches their eye: they never stray too far from their master, preferring to always have it in sight.

Your affection, patience and playful character make them an ideal breed for a child. He loves children and is an excellent playmate for those old enough to have learned to behave in the presence of a dog. Less recommended for younger children, as it is large enough to inadvertently push them down. In any case, regardless of race, interactions between a dog and a young child should always take place in the presence of an adult.

The Italian griffon also it is sociable with other dogs Griffon, those who are often willingly adopted as playmates. Small animals, as cats, rabbits and other rodents, have more to worry about and are more likely to be hunted as potential prey. However, they may live with a cat if they have been raised with them, but the latter is likely to still be haunted in the garden from time to time.

As for humans who are unknown to him, the Spinone is generally cozy with them, especially if he's been well socialized from his early months. In fact, used to living with humans for centuries, is more of the type that actively seeks your company. Also easily suffers from loneliness: although you can spend a few hours alone at home without difficulty, it is not advisable to leave it all for a weekend. Adopting one more dog can be a good way of offering companionship to help you avoid loneliness when your family is away..

He is as active in the early years as he is calm and collected afterward.. This can be seen in his hunting style, that is calm and methodical.

Having said that, if you like to rest on the living room rug, this does not mean that you do not need to exercise. So that you feel comfortable and calm when you get home, your daily walks should total at least one hour. Although they are slower than other signaling breeds, they are very resistant and can adapt to many types of terrain. For this reason, if the opportunity arises to take a long walk of several hours, he is delighted. During the latter, does not tend to stray far from his master, so it can be walked without a leash. You can live in an apartment as long as you go out two or three times a day, but its size makes it unsuitable for a small studio.

He prefers a house with a garden that he can frolic in and gladly dispose of any unwanted critters.. However, it is not convenient for you to live abroad: you need to be in contact with your family and should be able to spend as much time as possible with them.

On the other hand, It is an intelligent breed of dog that likes to be mentally stimulated. Rather stubborn and showing little interest in activities that seem useless, you need a leader who offers motivational exercises. Obedience exercises, agility or hunting are a great way to get his attention and stimulate him. The rapport is also something instinctive in him, and you will not be asked to carry the ball or bat thrown by your master. He does not hesitate to do the same with the toys scattered around the house when he wants to show him that he wants to have fun.

It is also important to know that your beautiful beard gets wet every time you drink. He tends to pour water all over the house whenever he quenches his thirst, so it may be a good idea to put your bowl outside and not inside the house.

Last but not least, although don't hesitate to bark when you see fit, the Italian Spinone it's not overly vocal.

Education

The Italian Spinone, like all dogs, must be socialized from an early age. It is important that you can meet all the people who are part of your close or distant environment (friends, neighbors, family…). You must also face all kinds of situations (walk through different places, meet other dogs or other animals, travel in different means of transport) not to be scared once an adult.

It shouldn't be long before they start to learn to tame, which can be longer and more complicated than for most other breeds.

Given its size once adult, It is also helpful to get him used to being handled without flinching from an early age, so that the grooming sessions are a moment of shared pleasure and not torture for both protagonists.

The Italian griffon he's smart and has a strong personality. You need a firm master who knows how to earn your respect, but even if I do, does not like to do tasks that seem trivial. It's a working dog, who likes to be useful and prefers to learn, for example, to recover the game before turning around. In fact, if your master knows how to do it and has all the necessary patience, this dog can do wonders, even in obedience and agility competitions. The trick is to motivate you, above all making him understand the interest of the command.

Not surprisingly, it responds much better to positive reinforcement-based dog training methods than traditional dog training.. Know that the fulfillment of what is asked allows you to receive caresses, encouragement and treats is in his eyes a legitimate reason to excel and give the best of himself.

Health

The Italian Spinone is generally quite robust. Apart from the health problems common to all large dogs and a serious genetic disease, but fortunately in the process of disappearance thanks to the work of the breeders, the risks are low.

Like this, the conditions to which you are especially exposed are :

  • La ataxia cerebelosa, a genetic disease that attacks the cerebellum and is the most critical health problem in this breed. Puppies that have received a carrier gene from both parents die before their first birthday. However, nowadays it is extremely rare, since carrier individuals are eliminated from breeding programs. A breeder of Spinone worthy of the name must be able to show that parents are not carriers, based on test results;
  • Hip and elbow dysplasia, joint problems that make movement difficult;
    gastric dilation-torsion, often related to too fast a food intake, which can be fatal without prompt veterinary intervention;
  • Entropion and ectropion, malformations of the eyelid that can be surgically corrected if problematic;
    Hypothyroidism, a hormonal deficiency that causes a slowdown in bodily functions;
  • Cancer (bone, liver, base…), which according to a joint study by the British Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association is, with difference, the main cause of mortality in this breed, with a 45% of deaths.

In addition, the floppy, hairy ears of the Spinone they get dirty easily. They can become infected quickly if they are not cleaned every week and after each bath.

Despite its lack of undercoat and its Italian origins, adapts quite well to different climates and is resistant to both heat and cold, but extreme temperatures are hard to bear. A shelter is necessary so that it can be in the shade when the thermometer exceeds 30 °, and doesn't particularly appreciate spending the night outside when it's -10 °.

Last but not least, the Italian griffon not very prone to obesity, especially if you have enough opportunity to exercise. However, a responsible handler should regularly make sure that everything is in order by taking the time to weigh your dog.

Life expectancy

Of 12 - 13 years

Grooming

The maintenance of Italian Spinone is simple, but it requires some discipline, as it can be difficult and time consuming if not done regularly.

The absence of undercoat means that you only lose a small amount of hair. A weekly brushing is enough to remove dirt, remove dead hairs and untangle knots from their fur. The most frequent molt is not necessarily necessary during the fall and spring, since the lack of undercoat makes the shedding not very pronounced. On the other hand, if “forget” one or two grooming sessions, the situation is complicated: debris accumulates and knots form that can no longer be untangled with the brush. Then there is no choice but to undo them manually or even cut them with a chisel. Depending on the state of the coat, this can sometimes take more than an hour.

In any case, rarely need a bath, unless it is especially dirty or smelly after a trip. Except for exceptions, two or three bathrooms a year are more than enough, and every time a mild dog shampoo should be used.

Weekly grooming sessions are also an opportunity to clean your dog's eyes and brush his teeth.. Neither should you neglect the care of the ears: hanging and furry ears tend to catch dirt, so the risk of infection is high. Can be cleaned with a damp cloth.

In addition, beard tends to trap moisture and becomes smelly. For this reason, should be towel dried often and cleaned from time to time.

Last but not least, if you spend a lot of time outdoors, wear and tear is usually enough to file the claws of the Italian Spinone, that grow faster than most other dogs. If they become too long and may bother or hurt you, must be trimmed with a special nail clipper.

Use

The Italian Spinone it is above all a hunting dog, a mission that has been fulfilling for centuries and in which it stands out. Your ability to point methodically, making game disappear and recover makes them very versatile hunting dogs. This is all the more true since, how your name illustrates, derived from the Italian word for bramble, are able to sneak into the thorniest thickets in search of small game. It is also very resistant.

When not used for hunting, can be used to show off their qualities in various dog sports, like agility or obedience. They are also good watchdogs, but their lack of aggressiveness and the fact that they bark very little disqualifies them as guardians. Having said that, it's awesome enough that most malicious people get past it.

Last but not least, the Italian griffon he is also a wonderful companion dog, loving and totally devoted to his family. It can be the ideal companion for an active owner who wants to always have his dog by his side when going for a walk or hiking.

Price

The price of a puppy Italian Spinone is of some 800 - 1000 euros in Europe. In Canada and the United States, is usually between 1500 and 1800 $.

In all cases, there is no noticeable price difference between males and females.

Characteristics “Italian Spinone”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Italian Spinone” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Italian Spinone”

Photos:

1 – Solid white Spinone italiano. by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – A brown roan Spinone Italiano by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Spinoni italiani by francesco napoli
4 – Spinoni italiani by francesco napoli
5 – Brown roan spinone italiano. Risky Business Oliver Di La Ros by Timberdoodle Kennels, Ron & Pat Rosinski (User:Rrosinski), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – This is a Spinone, an italian pointing dog. Coatcolor is white-orange by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Italian Spinone”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 107
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.3: Griffon type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.3: Griffon type
  • AKCHound
  • CKCMiscellaneous
  • ​KC – Hunting dog
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard “Italian Spinone”

FCIFCI – “Italian Spinone”
Italian Spinone FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Spinone, Bracco Spinoso, Italian Spinone, Italian Griffon, Italian Wire-haired Pointer, Italian Coarse-haired Pointer (English).
    2. Spinone italien (French).
    3. Italienischer Griffon, Spinone, Rauhaariger italienischer Vorstehhund, Italian Griffon, italienischer Spinone (German).
    4. Spinone (Portuguese).
    5. Espinone, Grifón italiano, Italiano de pelo duro (Spanish).

Shikoku
Japón FCI 319 - Asian Spitz and related breeds

Shikoku

Less stubborn than the other Spitz breeds, the Shikoku, he is very little known outside his native land, Japan

Content

History

Ceramic figures from Japan that show representations of dogs have been preserved since ancient times, that look like this Japanese breed. The current breed dates back to crosses with the now extinct inu Japanese. The original field of application of these dogs was hunting, more precisely hunting in the prefecture of Kochi on isla de Shikoku – that is why the race is sometimes called “perro Kochi“. However, name Tosa-Inu, which is used in part in Japan, it's misleading, because under the name “Tosa” there is also another japanese race. In addition, three varieties of Shikoku, that were named according to the respective region in which they live: pity, Hongawa and Hata. How the Hongawa region was the most difficult to access in the past, This variety is considered to be the least modified by other influences and the closest to the ideal of Shikoku. Today, the Shikoku It is considered the national dog of Japan along with the Akita.

Photos:

1 – “Shikoku” by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1589477

Shikoku physical characteristics

The typical silhouette Spitz characterizes the Shikoku: It has relatively small, erect ears and a compact body. The tail is well placed and curled over the back. This medium-sized breed with a height at the withers of about 53 cm is located between the Akita bigger and the Shiba Inu smallest within the Japanese family Spitz. For many lay people in Europe this four-legged friend also reminds of a dog that is seen much more often here., the Siberian Husky. The Shikoku coat can be black sesame or white sesame. The dense coat consists, as is typical in type dogs Spitz, on a long, hard top coat over a soft, dense undercoat.

Shikoku character and abilities

Shikoku

The loyalty, intelligence and a certain stubbornness form the character of this dog with an agile nature. He is vigilant and behaves in a neutral manner to the point of distancing himself from strangers. When they meet conspecifics, conflicts can occur, particularly with males, because the Shikoku tend to dominate. As a hunting dog it is characterized by its corresponding sharpness.

His original behavior can also be seen in his dealings with people – he likes to lick his reference persons and seeks physical contact. Sometimes shows a conspicuous preference for unpleasant odors from the human point of view. The Shikoku He is very agile and likes to be outdoors – however impetuous I am moving here, a Shikoku busy behaves calmly and pleasantly indoors, where he appreciates quiet hours and pampering. Although he is a stubborn dog, not as strong as the other races of Spitz from Japan. However: The special character of Spitz not suitable for all dog lovers.

Photo:

2 – Shikoku, female. Colour: sesame by https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shikokusesame1.jpg

Shikoku Care

The coat of this Japanese hunting dog is robust and easy to care for, but it must be brushed regularly, especially during coat change twice a year. advice: If you brush your dog every day during this time, will greatly reduce hair loss at home and also shorten the “hairy phase” In a few days. Outside these few weeks of the year, cleaning every few days is enough. Check your ears right now too, so you can clean them with a dog ear cleaner if needed. You must bathe your dog very rarely, at most every few months, and then use a mild dog shampoo. However, it makes sense to get the puppy used to bathing. However, it is usually sufficient to simply remove the dried dirt from the coat. Check the length of the claws – especially with older dogs – to shorten claws that are too long with special pliers. This is how injuries are prevented.

Shikoku Education

If he Shikoku respect his two-legged pack leader as a wise and just leader, will gladly follow your instructions. However, first you need to earn the respect of this dog. Be consistent and bring some tolerance to the small, thick skull of this four-legged friend, that will never be completely subordinate.

Screaming or harshness will not help you and will destroy your relationship with this loyal companion.. A thorough knowledge of dog training is needed to direct the dominance and hunting instinct of dogs. Shikoku in regular courses. Please, keep in mind that only a well-trained breed of dog can make a well-behaved friend, otherwise you will look for another job.

Attending classes with dog trainers in general can be of great benefit, so that the Shikoku that tends to dominate, get stronger in social affairs and learn to get along with other dogs. Male dogs in particular may face challenges that need to be countered from the age of the puppy. So don't underestimate the importance of the socialization phase., because any omission can only be corrected with difficulty.

Shikoku Health

These robust dogs are considered tough and persistent. They hardly have a genetic disposition for disease, if the breeding is done responsibly. It goes without saying that you should only buy puppies from a reputable breeder who belongs to a club. The breeder will give you competent information about the care of your animal and show you the corresponding tests. In good health, Shikoku reaches an average age of about 13 years.

Where can i find my Shikoku?

The breed is one of the very rare breeds outside of Japan. As a result, find a puppy of Shikoku it can be difficult if you have decided to have one as a new member of the family. But don't despair, because there are a handful of serious breeders in Europe who are dedicated to this breed. The first official litter outside of Japan was in 2000 in the Netherlands, where the breeders of Shikoku continue to regularly deliver litters to responsible hands. However, you may have to accept a longer trip before you can give your puppy a hug from Shikoku. No matter how rare the breed is, don't reduce the demands you can and should make on serious parenting. Learn about puppy care, of your health, ask the breeders and ask them to show you the appropriate tests, for example, in connection with exams for hip dysplasia. Of course, the breeder must also belong to a club. Will be happy to give you some good advice, but in return you will also have some questions to see if you can offer a good home to one of your protégés.

If you are looking for a Shikoku adult, you will need a lot of luck in europe. It is more promising to look for crosses of type Spitz in animal shelters and also get an impression of the breeds of Nordic Spitz.

Characteristics “Shikoku”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Shikoku” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Shikoku Videos

Shikoku Ken / Shikoku Inu play
Shikoku ken in Japan Spring 2014 四国犬

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 319
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 5: Asiatic Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.
  • CKC – [Without Miscellaneous]

FCI standard of the Shikoku Inu breed

Shikoku FCI Shikoku FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Kochi-ken, Shikoku-ken, Shikoku inu (English).
    2. chien de Kōchi, shikoku-inu, kochi-ken, Shikoku inu (French).
    3. Shikoku inu, Kochi-Ken, Shikoku-ken (German).
    4. Shikoku inu, kochi-ken, Mikawa Inu, Shikoku-ken, cão-lobo japonês (Portuguese).
    5. Kochi-ken, Shikoku-ken, Shikoku (Spanish).

Japanese Spitz
Japón FCI 262 - Asian Spitz and related breeds

Japanese Spitz

The Japanese Spitz he is a very people-oriented dog.

Content

History

The strong similarity to the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) German allows us to suppose that the Japanese spitz descends from this same race. Other cynologists assume that the Spitz descends from the Nordic Spitz. One thing is for sure: the origin of Japanese spitz not in japan, but in Europe. From there he arrived in Japan at the beginning of the 20th century together with the travelers.

The attractive white dog with the charming character quickly gained popularity among the Japanese population. With more caps from China, Canada and the US, he established his own breeding in Japan in the years 20. While in Europe an attempt was made to increase the size of the lace, thus creating the German Spitz, the Japanese tended to opt for the more original compact form. In 1948 the Japanese Kennel Club established a first breed standard for the first time. Japan was designated as the country of origin in the standard. The FCI, that has officially recognized the Japanese spitz from 1964, includes it today in the Group 5 (Spitz and dogs of the original type), as well as in the Subsection 5 (Asian Spitz and related breeds), under Standard No. 262.

In his native Japan, the Japanese spitz it was very popular for a long time, especially in the years 50 the last century. Although it is still more common there in terms of numbers than in Europe, the demand of the little companion is gradually changing. While in Japan the number of recently registered cubs is decreasing, is increasing in North America and Europe.

Physical characteristics “Japanese Spitz”

This breed is distinguished by the fact that it is exclusively pure white.. Thanks to his straight and dense hair, the Japanese Spitz seems strong. What is no less important, it is also caused by the swollen inner layer. The beautiful ruffle on the shoulder, neck and sill contributes to attractive appearance. Typical of the tail is a long and voluminous flag.

Despite her short legs, the Japanese Spitz is sporty and extremely agile. Due to its balanced proportions, the appearance of this compact pedigree dog is both striking and harmonious.

The height at the cross – the elevated transition from neck to back – tends to be of 30 - 38 cm in adult males. Females reach a somewhat smaller size. The Japanese Spitz weighs between 4,5 and 11 kg.

Character and skills “Japanese Spitz”

The well balanced nature of the Japanese Spitz fits the very harmonious appearance. He is an attentive guard. Anyone who approaches him is not immediately signaled with a savage bark. Only when the Japanese pedigree dog feels a serious threat, gets loud and fights back vehemently.

At home, the Japanese Spitz behaves quite calmly. Abroad, on the other hand, he likes to show the energy he has inside of him. To enjoy the Japanese Spitz, you must like a little dog who likes to play. You should also have fun on long trips with your four-legged friend.

The Japanese Spitz he is a very people-oriented dog. Whether it belongs to one person or has a master or caregiver at the same time, he does not care. He also likes to live with the family. People's company is the priority. Pets or other pets are not enough. Although the Japanese spitz usually get along with them. So if you have little time for a dog, a Japanese Spitz probably not the right thing for you.

The white puppy enjoys the company of people and would like to be with them always and everywhere. He is very receptive and eager to learn. Which makes education in combination with devotion quite easy even for untrained dog owners.

An apartment in the city is suitable for him, as long as you are well occupied with extensive walks and activities.

Care “Japanese Spitz”

Despite the hereditary predisposition to many diseases, Many of the ailments can be avoided by taking proper care of your Spitz. Dental problems in particular can be prevented through regular dental care, namely, brush your teeth at least once a week, or better daily. Diseases or inflammations of the eyes, nose, the ears and claws can also be detected and treated at an early stage with proper care and regular check-ups. Another important aspect of grooming is the care of the coat of the Japanese spitz. Despite the impressive and luxurious fur, This is not very elaborate and therefore it is usually sufficient if the hair is combed or brushed thoroughly twice a week. Only in the coat change phase (twice a year) grooming effort increases until daily styling.

Japanese Spitz health

An indication of good and serious parenting is the presentation of genetic test results.. The farm animals used must have an impeccable genetic makeup to exclude genetic diseases from the outset. Dogs in which hereditary diseases typical of the breed have occurred should be excluded from breeding for the sake of the breed's health. This also includes the tendency to dislocate the patella (kneecap slipping out of its guide), which can also be inherited in many dogs, especially in small dog breeds. Also eye problems, such as distichiasis or narrowing of the tear ducts, as well as dental problems can occur with the Japanese spitz. No other typical diseases of the breed are known.

The correct nutrition of the “Japanese Spitz”

In a special way, correct nutrition contributes to the health and well-being of the Japanese spitz. Small dogs with a very compact constitution have a strong tendency to be overweight. Too many pounds can easily lead to joint disease and heart and circulation problems.. Overweight dogs are also at higher risk for diabetes.

As the owner of a Japanese spitz, you should always keep the amounts recommended by food manufacturers. In addition, the dog should not be given too many treats between meals.

It is not only the quantity but also the quality of the food that is important. Besides vegetables or rice, good dog food consists largely of high-quality meat. Poor quality food often contains an excessive amount of cereals. Under no circumstances should it contain flavor enhancers or sweeteners.

Before buying, you should find out the exact composition of the dog food in the manufacturer's instructions. Several vendors offer good and safe dog food, both dry and wet.

It is not unusual for dog owners to prefer homemade dog food. This can also be an alternative to the ready-to-eat food available in stores for the Japanese spitz. However, it is essential that you acquire the necessary knowledge to cook balanced dog food yourself.

The diet BARF it is also a good way to feed Japanese spitz with a healthy diet. BARF means “Bone And Raw Food” (Bones and raw foods). All food components, like meat, fish, vegetables or fruit, they are only given raw. Various vendors and specialty stores facilitate BARF to the dog owner. Like cooking food, this feeding method requires a certain amount of knowledge about the correct use of raw ingredients.

You must feed a puppy of 3 - 5 times a day, an adult raw food and bones 2 times a day.

Buying a “Japanese Spitz”

Despite the growing popularity and demand in the European and American continent, the Japanese spitz still belongs to the rare dog breeds. The waiting period for a new litter in a breeder can be very long. Who doesn't necessarily care about a purebred puppy, but also consider buying a Spitz adult, should – parallel to the search for a breeder – also look around the animal shelter, where over and over again Spitz or the crosses of Spitz they are waiting for a new and loving home. A puppy, on the other hand, should only be purchased from a serious and certified breeder.

How do I recognize a serious breeder?

When choosing a suitable breeder, various factors play a role. It's not just “formalities” the ones that must be correct, namely, the papers, the pedigree and the sales contract, but also personal reasons that ultimately decide the purchase. The breeder must, first, be understanding with you, and this cannot be found out with a short email or a short phone call. One or better several meetings are necessary to get a complete picture of the breeder and his dogs.. Does the breeder invite you to his house? Will you willingly show your “dog pound” and the animals live in close contact with the breeder's family? The first weeks are very important for the socialization of the puppies and therefore the environment must correspond absolutely to the affectionate nature of the puppies. Japanese spitz. In addition, a serious breeder will be able to tell you a lot about the breed and its characteristics. They will also ask you about your life circumstances to make sure your puppy has fun with you..

Characteristics “Japanese Spitz”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Japanese Spitz” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Japanese Spitz”

Photos:

1 – Japanese spitz by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1273902
2 – Japanese Spitz Siberia by 0894Leanne, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Japanese Spitz Puppy by [email protected], CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Japanese spitz by https://www.pikist.com/free-photo-sixhn
5 – Japanese spitz by https://www.pxfuel.com/en/free-photo-xghfb
6 – Japanese Spitz by Trev Grant, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
7 – Japanese spitz by HTTPS://www.pikrepo.com/fflza/japanese-spitz-near-wall

Videos “Japanese Spitz”

Kubo – Japanese Spitz Puppy – 2 Weeks Residential Dog Training
“Japanese Spitz” / Breed of dog

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 262
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 5: Asiatic Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.
  • ANKC – Group 7 (Non-Sporting)
  • CKC – Group 6 – Non-Sporting
  • ​KC – Utility
  • NZKC – Non-Sporting
  • UKC – Northern Breed Group

FCI standard of the Japanese Spitz breed

FCI Japanese Spitz FCI Japanese Spitz

Alternative names:

    1. Nihon Supittsu (English).
    2. Nihon Supittsu (French).
    3. Nihon Supittsu (Japan-Spitz), Japanischer Spitz (German).
    4. Nihon Supittsu (Portuguese).
    5. Nihon Supittsu (Spanish).

German Spitz
Alemania FCI 97 - European Spitz

German Spitz

Your hair requires certain care, especially for exhibitions.

Content

History

The Spitz it is one of the oldest German domestic dog breeds, although its origins are not completely clear. There is evidence that dogs Spitz lived together with humans ago 4.000 years. Due to its wide diffusion as a guard dog on farms and in the homes of the petty bourgeoisie it also found its way into literature and painting..

Especially in rural areas, a German Spitz was ubiquitous in the old days as a house and garden dog. Smaller Spitz were popular as lap dogs with ladies.

The popularity of the Spitz decreased so much in the recent past that it was declared an endangered breed of pet in 2003.

Physical characteristics

All the German Spitz, regardless of size or color, form a family and should have similar characteristics and a typical lace look.

The Spitz impresses with his beautiful coat. The abundant undercoat and long top coat, straight and outstanding give them their unmistakable appearance. Particularly striking is the strongly mane-like collar around the neck and the bushy, furry tail., that is carried boldly on the back. The fox-like head with quick eyes and small, narrow pointed ears give the Spitz its characteristic disturbing expression. The body of the Spitz is square.

Measurements:

-) Wolfspitz / Keeshond : 49 cm ± 6 cm..
b) Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) : 46 cm ± 4 cm..
c) Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) : 34 cm ± 4 cm..
(d)) Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) : 26 cm ± 3 cm..
and) Zwergspitz (Toy or Dwarf Spitz) / Pomeranian : 20 cm ± 2 cm..
(are undesirable specimens measuring less than 18 cm.).

Weight

Any variation in the size of the German Spitz should have a corresponding variation in weight.

Character and skills

A German Spitz has a reputation for being a talkative. In fact, the dogs bark a lot; for a guard dog, making a sound is a desirable feature, that today cannot be reconciled with all the neighbors.

A natural distrust, along with incorruptibility and loyalty, is inherent to German Spitz. This makes it predestined to be a watchdog that patrols its territory and reports suspicious incidents.. A German Spitz reliably stands up for the things entrusted to it. When not on guard, a is a very friendly and affectionate dog, sometimes a little possessive, who follows his humans closely and enjoys being petted. A German Spitz is generally regarded as a child.

The education and attitude of the German Spitz

With cheerful romp and docility, a German Spitzn is a dog that absolutely needs a task. Find your place as a working watchdog, but also as a companion and family dog. With a lot of positive encouragement and loving consistency, breeding is not problematic and can also be managed if you have little experience with dogs.

For a German Spitz be respectful of animals, must be weather resistant: The Spitz it just feels really comfortable outdoors, either with sun, rain or snow. It is an ideal companion for runners, riders and cyclists. He is also an agility sports enthusiast. As the Spitz only has a weakly developed hunting instinct, does not tend to go its own way when outdoors and is easy to recover. It is less suitable for intensive accommodation, especially because he likes to bark a lot. Similar to the Poodle, the spitz is available in different sizes, from the Zwergspitz (Toy or Dwarf Spitz) / Pomeranian to Wolfspitz / Keeshond. The best known variant is the Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz) with a shoulder height of 34-38 cm and weighing up to 10 kg. Apart from its format, the types do not differ visually.

Caring for the German Spitz

Surprisingly, the fluffy coat of the Spitz does not require much grooming. The hair is dirt repellent, so an occasional brushing is enough. In addition, a German Spitz it is very clean and cleans itself. Also in terms of health, the Spitz they are quite robust dogs.

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 4 European Spitz.

FCI standard German Spitz

German Spitz FCI German Spitz FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Deutscher Spitz (English).
    2. Spitz allemand (French).
    3. Deutsche Spitze (German).
    4. Deutsche Spitze (Portuguese).
    5. Spitz alemán (Spanish).

Photos

1- Szpic_miniatura at the national show in Rybnik – Stone to Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

German Spitz varieties

-) Wolfspitz / Keeshond.
b) Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz) .
c) Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz).
(d)) Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz).
and) Zwergspitz (Toy or Dwarf Spitz) / Pomeranian.

European Spitz

1 Keeshond

Keeshond

Even today the Keeshond is known for his faithfulness and loyalty.

¿Son “Wolfsspitz” and “Keeshond” identical?

This question repeatedly leads to confusion among experts and laymen alike.. Although the

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2 Pomeranian

Pomeranian

The Pomeranian very active, independent, Intelligent, brave and loyal.

The Pomeranian (Deutscher Spitz;, Pom-Dog or Deutscher Zwergspitz) It is a dog of the Spitz family, named for the Read more

3 Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)

Grossespitz (Giant or Large Spitz)

Although I do not necessarily suspect it at first glance, the large Spitz is also extremely robust and weather resistant.

While the small and medium varieties of the German Spitz (Pomeranian, Spitz

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4 Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)

Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz)

The Mittelspitz is by nature a bit like the old guard dog.

The Spitz, officially called “German Spitz“, It is a classic breed of dog in Germany and Central Europe. The

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5 Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

The small Spitz is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented.

The little Spitz (Kleinspitz) is a variety of German Spitz, that today is available

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Finnish Spitz
Finlandia FCI 49 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

Finnish Spitz

The Finnish Spitz it is a dog that can annoy the neighbors, because he barks a lot and with a particularly penetrating voice.

Content

This four-legged friend of the Finnish fox color with the typical terse character of the Spitz is a Nordic hunting dog, who has gathered a small but loyal following around the world. It is especially popular in its homeland, Finland. Below you can read interesting facts about the Finnish Spitz, which in Finnish is called “Suomenpystykorva“.

History

Finnish national dog

For centuries, the Finnish Spitz has been used as a hunting companion in northern and eastern Finland. In particular, has helped hunt small predators, moose and waterfowl, and later this dog became more and more specialized in grouse and black grouse: Scare these large birds into the surrounding treetops. Now him Finnish Spitz barks persistently until its two-legged partner is close enough to shoot prey.

Little is known about the exact development of the breed. However, the Finnish Spitz probably descended from dogs Spitz, who have been the everyday helpers of the people in Russia for more than 1.000 years. Towards the end of the 19th century, finnish Hugo Roos observed the original Spitz in northern Finland while hunting and recognized its extraordinary abilities. He advocated selective breeding and thus developed the modern Finnish Spitz – although the standard has been changed several times since then. In Russia, the four-legged friend is also known as the Karelo-Finnische Laika, but in 2006 the Finnish and Russian breeding associations agreed that the two names are the same breed. This means that Finland has been recognized as the breed's country of origin and is responsible for the standard.

From 1979 the Finnish Spitz has been the national dog of Finland.

Physical characteristics

Compact body, upright ears and a bushy tail curled over the back: The Finnish Spitz medium-sized is optically a typical Spitz and stands out especially for its red or golden brown fur. This consists of two layers: The soft, dense undercoat and the hard top coat. The undercoat is always a little lighter.

Males can reach a height at the withers of about 47 cm., the females some 42 cm.. Depending on its size, the dogs weigh between 10 and 15 kg.

Character and skills

If you want a stuffed dog that always strives for recognition from his two-legged friends, you are wrong with a Finnish Spitz. This independent and sovereign dog knows better than anyone where he is going, and therefore never fully subordinate. He is extremely intelligent and loves to learn, if you can teach him something new. Frequent repetitions quickly bore you, so your willingness to cooperate can decrease rapidly. He is brave and very keen to bark: one of its characteristics is a penetrating voice – More on this later. A Finnish Spitz can be used as a guard dog, but he needs to be connected to his human pack. He is friendly with his caregiver or family and enjoys spending time with children.

Attention: It is a very Barking Dog.

At this point we would like to point out a special characteristic of this dog, the bark of joy from Finnish Spitz. Please, consider it: In finland, with a population density of about 16 Inhabitants per square kilometer, the closest neighbor usually lives far away. Here the dog is not only known for its strong voice, but also positively emphasized and encouraged in the form of barking competitions.

This skill is extremely important for hunting, so that the dog can offer good guidance to the two-legged hunter who cannot move so easily through partially snowy forest. The Finnish Spitz they don't just bark, they also dominate different variations, from short sounds to a kind of song.

Many Finnish Spitz they can do up 160 sounds per minute. So if you are thinking about the arrival of such a dog, first you must inform yourself about his joy of barking. Even if you can control or reduce it, some Finnish Spitz will continue to bark more than most other dogs – this is simply in their genes. If you live in a rural area, you can use the Finnish Spitz as an excellent guardian of the house and the yard.

Activities with the Finnish Spitz

To the Finnish Spitz he loves the time he spends with his reference person, as well as being outside. Therefore, it's better to combine both as often as possible and take it for long, long walks. It is a wonderful companion on walks, if you keep him on a leash or have his hunting instinct under control. This last, However, it's a challenge with this breed, if recoverability is not trained from the beginning. Frequent repetitions are not fun for him Finnish Spitz, they are looking for a common activity that also trains their smart little head. The trace job, for example, it's a pleasure for him Finnish Spitz. In all sports activities, you must ensure that your partner does not overexert himself., so you stay motivated and injuries don't occur.

Finnish Spitz education

If you are thinking that a Finnish Spitz move in with you, You should already have some canine experience to guide this independent companion to the required basic obedience. Don't expect me to be completely subordinate to you, race is too independent for that. Be consistent with everything that is important to you, but leave the Finnish Spitz his own head (testaruda) elsewhere.

With a loving consistency and positive reinforcement you can train this dog well as a rule. Anyway, he is very intelligent and likes to learn new things – then it is also, as a result, cooperative. Use this for your training. With a young man Finnish Spitz it makes sense to visit the puppy school, to establish positive contacts with puppies of other breeds and to strengthen or develop your social streak. Also basic command training in a dog school can be very helpful with him – it's best if you find a dog school that already has experience with the idiosyncratic character of Spitz.

Robust health

The typical Finnish Spitz is a robust and weather resistant dog: the breed is considered to be hardly affected by specific inherited diseases. If you are thinking of acquiring a dog of this type, it is important that you buy it from reputable breeders, as these reduce the risk of genetic diseases through responsible breeding. An example would be the predisposition of some dogs to Hip Dysplasia or problems with the knee and elbow joints. Talk to the breeder in question about the health care of parental animals.

You can contribute greatly to the health of your dog yourself by providing a healthy diet and exercising appropriately for his age and level of training..

This breed of Spitz it is quite sensitive to heat due to its origin in the far north… The walks in winter, on the other hand, are to the taste of this four-legged friend. The breed reaches an average age of 12 - 13 years.

The Finnish Spitz diet

In addition, a balanced diet adapted to the needs of your four-legged friend is an important component for their health. Like all dogs, the Finnish Spitz requires a meat-based diet. Therefore, make sure meat is the first ingredient for the pet food you choose. The grain should not be included. This applies regardless of whether wet or dry food is chosen. With a pure diet of dry food, you should pay special attention to the fact that your quadruped gets enough liquid.

Water must always be freely available. After meals, their Finnish Spitz definitely must have time for a digestive nap, so it is better to feed after the joint excursions. Remember that treats must be added to the daily ration, otherwise your dog's slim waist will be in danger. It is also possible to bring dry food as a reward.

Dry chews, like cattle ears, satisfy your partner's chewing needs. Dental care treats or freeze-dried meat snacks especially for dogs are other sensible rewards that you can give your four-legged friend a tasty little treat with..

Care for the Finnish Spitz

Although caring for this dog's coat is quite easy, should not be careless, especially during coat change. In spring and autumn the Finnish Spitz usually has a lot of hair – help him get rid of dead hairs by brushing him regularly – preferably daily. This way you can prevent skin irritation, which can develop rapidly if too many hairs from the dense undercoat remain on the dog. Outside the coat change, just brush your partner once a week. During this grooming ritual, that you should already practice with your puppy, it is better that I also look in the ears, that you should clean with a dog ear cleaner if necessary. A brief claw check should also be performed at regular intervals – usually older quadrupeds or those that only walk on soft ground need support from you in the form of a pedicure. Here a dog gripper provides valuable services.

Does a Finnish Spitz suit me?

A dream home for a Finnish Spitz It is a large plot of land in the field to watch over her, including family connection. The breed is suitable for dog lovers with a great sense of independence, who like to move in nature with their partner and who can impart basic obedience to the stubbornness of their four-legged friend thanks to the skill, consistency and calm. It is not a city dog ​​and its barking of joy alone could make it unsuitable for keeping indoors, even if you can have a quiet Finnish Spitz as a roommate through lots of activity and patient training.

As a family dog ​​it is very suitable, provided you have the appropriate occupation and education. In addition, is patient and trusting with children with whom he usually has a good relationship – but make sure the four-legged friend can retreat if he feels like it. The Finnish Spitz not suitable for hot regions and also not a companion for a beach holiday – loves cooler climates, what is much better for him.

Talking about vacation: Before deciding on this dog, Please also consider that you should be well looked after in case of illness and on vacation. Preferably from someone who already knows you and is familiar with the characteristics of a Spitz. Of course, you can also take it on vacation with you, but before registering it in a hotel, you must be sure that you do not want to charm every hotel guest with your loud voice. Therefore, this type of trip is only possible with a very well bred Finnish Spitz.

Also consider in advance the one-time costs and especially the regular costs that you will have to pay when your new pet roommate moves in.: In addition to the basic equipment and purchase price of a dog from a reputable breeder, there may be considerable travel expenses for a puppy bought abroad. Once your Spitz lives with you, there will be high quality food costs, taxes and insurance for the dog and expenses for regular visits to the vet, including vaccinations and deworming.

Where can I find my Finnish Spitz?

Like many other races from the far north, the Finnish Spitz is a rarity in southern Scandinavia. In many countries not a single litter of Finnish Spitz in a year, so if you have fallen in love with this breed, you will usually have to travel long distances to get a puppy as a new member of the family. Contact the Nordic dog breed clubs, that can help you find a dog of this breed, which is especially popular in your home country, and possibly establish contacts with breeders in Scandinavia. If you adopt a puppy from abroad, there are some things you should consider… Get informed in time! Remember: It always makes sense to visit the puppy in the kennel to meet the parents and the circumstances in which the four-legged friends live.. If possible, you should also visit the breeder personally before deciding to buy a puppy from abroad. Here there is also the possibility of sniffing and asking questions without time pressure. After all, buying a puppy is a matter of trust.

If you want a Finnish Spitz adult as companion, there is little chance in most Central European countries of getting a matching dog – maybe you are considering a trip to Finland in the near future and find it there. Otherwise, Nordic dog breed clubs will help you in your search. Maybe a Nordic cross or another breed of Spitz can conquer your heart.

advice: Start looking for your new partner with watchful eyes and an open heart, because many hybrids of Spitz have similar characteristics.

Ratings of the Finnish Spitz

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Finnish Spitz” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

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1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Finnish Spitz

Spitz finlandes

Spitz finlandés by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA / CC BY

Spitz finlandes

Spitz finlandés by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA / CC BY

Finnish Spitz Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 49
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway and Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • ANKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • CKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • ​KC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • NZKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs

    FCI standard of the Finnish Spitz breed

    Finnish Spitz FCI Finnish Spitz FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Finnish Hunting Dog, Finnish Spets, Finsk Spets, Loulou Finois, suomalainen pystykorva, suomenpystykorva (English).
      2. Spitz finlandais (French).
      3. Karelo-Finnische Laika, Suomenpystykorva (German).
      4. Spitz finlandês (Portuguese).
      5. Loulou Finois, Suomalainen pystykorva, Finsk Spets (Spanish).

    Norrbottenspets
    Suecia FCI 276 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Norrbottenspets

    The Norrbottenspets also used as a draft dog.

    Content

    History

    The Norrbottenspets (Spitz from the North Bothnia country) probably originates from the small spitz-type Laika that was known to live with hunters in the North Cape area, already in prehistoric times. Little hunting spitz have survived for thousands of years through natural selection - survival of the fittest. In the very harsh and difficult areas of the northern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, hunting for food and skins was a necessity in order to survive. Precious skins like saber, Sable fur and ermine were the only valid currency for centuries. When fur prices fell drastically after WWII, so did the interest in him Norrbottenspets.

    The breed disappeared and there were no records for many years, hence the Kennel Club of Sweden (SKK) declared it extinct. But only a decade later news came that true-type specimens had been found living as pets and watchdogs in small inland homes in North Bothnia.. Due to the very dedicated work of a few men, this ancient hunting spitz was saved.
    In 1967 the Norrbottenspets was introduced to the Registries and a new standard was drawn up.

    Source: http://www.fci.be/en/nomenclature/NORRBOTTENSPITZ-276.html

    Physical characteristics

    It is a small spitz-type dog with a rather square appearance, compact and plump, with a lean and strong musculature. The bearing is handsome, with head and tail high. The breed has a strong sexual dimorphism, although the ideal specimen for both sexes is a well-characterized small spitz, attentive, good guardian, of harmonious construction and good character.

    The skull is sharp, with the ears set high and relatively small, eyes are dark and bright, and express calmness and predisposition towards work.

    Ears are slightly below average size with sparse hair and erect bearing. The tail is set relatively high, fairly tall in a semicircle, with the tip touching the sides of the thighs. When it stretches, must not exceed the tip of the hock.

    Hair: hard, short, straight and quite bushy, with fine and dense undercoat. The length varies depending on the body area: longer around the neck and on the thighs and shorter on the skull and front of the extremities.

    Color: all colors are allowed. The ideal is white with yellow or brownish red spots.

    Size: males 45 cm.; females, 42 cm.

    Character and skills

    Norrbottenspets

    The pretty white colored Spitz, medium size and short hair is very rare in his native country and practically unknown outside of Sweden.

    He is an excellent guard with a lot of drive, temperament and stubbornness. With proper physical and mental tension, it is also a nice and friendly companion dog.

    As a born hunter, the Norrbottenspets He is very Brave, fearless and alert. He is extremely lively and has a lot of temperament and self-confidence. The Norrbottenspets it is very suitable as a guard dog, because it reports everything I miss immediately without being aggressive. In the family he is very sociable, friendly and gentle. But the intelligent and self-confident dog can also be stubborn and needs a sensitive education and clear guidance..

    The Norrbottenspets he is very docile, but it needs a lot of movement and a lot of demanding and varied activity. The ideal are, for example, tests with companion dogs, sports tournaments with dogs or rescue dog training. Only with appropriate mental and physical activity will Norrbottenspets it is also a nice and friendly family companion dog. As a pure house dog or for a life in the city it is not the right dog.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 276
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.

    FCI standard of the Norrbottenspets

    Norrbottenspets FCI Norrbottenspets FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Nordic Spitz, Norrbottenspitz, Pohjanpystykorva (English).
      2. Spitz nordique (French).
      3. Norrbottenspets, Pohjanpystykorvat (German).
      4. Spitz nórdico (Portuguese).
      5. Spitz nórdico (Spanish).

    Staffordshire bull terrier
    Gran Bretaña FCI 76 . Bull type Terriers

    Staffordshire bull terrier

    It is the smallest of the bull terriers and also the most popular in England..

    Content

    History

    As its name implies, the Staffordshire bull terrier comes from the English city of Stafford and is a cross between different terriers. In the 18th century the Staffordshire Bullterrier was especially popular with dog fighters and as a rat biter.. Unlike other countries, where the breed is considered a fighting dog, in Great Britain it is a very popular family dog. There the Staffordshire It's also called “Babysitter dog” or “Nurse dog” for its kindness to children and is one of the five most common dog breeds.

    Physical characteristics

    The Staffordshire Bullterrier he is medium in size and has a compact stature, muscular, almost bulky. The characteristic thing is his ears, that are up high and leaning slightly forward.

    Height:

    Height at the withers between 35,5 and 40,5 cm..

    Weight:

    Males should reach a weight of 12,7 – 17 kg, females weigh between 11 and 15,4 kg.

    Coat colors and length

    The coat of the Staffordshire bull terrier is short, smooth and simple. Can be the colors red, white, black, cervato, blue or tabby.

    Character and skills

    The character of Staffordshire Bull Terrier it depends a lot on your attitude. Has a fearless and courageous nature and is faithful and kind from the start. With a loving but strict attitude and a close family relationship, the Staffordshire can become a loving companion. In addition, he is considered faithful, persistent and dominant. These characteristics are unfortunately exploited by many dog ​​owners who rude the Staffordshire Bullterrier and train him to be strong and aggressive..

    Attitude with family connection

    In many countries the Staffordshire Bullterrier is classified as a dangerous fighting dog. Its maintenance is strongly restricted and the importation of the breed to many countries is prohibited. Apart from that, the Staffordshire it is easy to maintain, because it is very adaptable. It can be kept in a house as well as in a city apartment. Needs a family connection and proximity to his master. Therefore, not suitable for a kennel. The Staffordshire has a great need to move and likes to play. Daily exercise in combination with extensive ball games is, therefore, a need.

    Staffordshire Bullterrier Education

    The Staffordshire Bullterrier it is by no means a beginner dog. In the education of this breed it is important to bring out the traits of good character with consistency and loving rigor. Traits such as tenacity, dominance and fearlessness must be kept in check. Harsh training should be avoided so that the dog does not become aggressive and stubborn. To get used to Staffordshire Bullterrier other dogs and socialize them very well, a visit to the dog school is advisable. Especially important in education is hierarchy. Even as puppies, to the Staffordshire they like to test their limits and try to take command. However, as an owner you should never be intimidated by your dog and you should make it clear, but with love, that you are higher in the hierarchy.

    Health and care of the Staffordshire Bullterrier

    Coat care

    The coat of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier it is very easy to care for. An occasional brushing is enough to remove dirt and dust and stimulate blood circulation.

    Typical diseases

    As typical diseases, the Staffordshire Bullterrier may suffer from poor hip development (Hip Dysplasia) and elbows (elbow dysplasia) and dislocation of the patella (dislocation of patella). Eye diseases such as cataracts are also typical of the breed. However, most diseases can be caught early and treated well with a regular visit to the vet.

    Nutrition / Food

    A healthy and balanced diet is the basis for a long life for dogs. Feed the Staffordshire Bullterrier with high quality food and ingredients is, therefore, a need. The dog being fed dry food, wet or BARF is irrelevant. It is only important that the food is free of dyes, preservatives and sugar and is high in meat.

    The life expectancy of the Staffordshire Bullterrier

    If he Staffordshire remains in good health and is well cared for, easily reaches an age between 12 and 14 years.

    Buy a Staffordshire Bullterrier

    The Staffordshire It is classified as an attack dog in many countries and its maintenance is subject to a series of conditions. Before buying, one must therefore inform oneself thoroughly about the breed and restrictions. If the purchase decision is made, one must first look at various breeders and animals. As a registered breeder's dog, a Staffordshire Terrier It costs around 1000 EUR. A shelter dog, or from an animal welfare organization is much cheaper. Especially older dogs should not be accepted by beginners, because they can be more difficult in their education than puppies.

    Staffordshire bull terrier ratings

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Staffordshire bull terrier” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Staffordshire bull terrier images

    photos:

    1 – Staffordshire Bull Terrier by https://es.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Staffie.jpg
    2 – Staffordshire Bull Terrier by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-oegwc
    3 – Staffordshire Bull Terrier by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/343556
    4 – Profile shot of a white Staffordshire Bull Terrier by Public Domain – no attribution required / CC0
    5 – Brindle & white Staffordshire Bull Terrier by Serial Number 54129 / CC BY-SA
    6 – Staffordshire Bull Terrier, called “King”, in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia by Ashoornamrood / CC BY-SA
    7 – Black Staffordshire Bull Terrier sitting on a green lawn by Public Domain – no attribution required / CC0

    Videos of the Staffordshire bull terrier

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 76
    • Group 3: Terriers.
    • Section 3: Bull type terriers. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 3 – Section 3 Bull type Terriers.
    • AKC – Terriers
    • ANKC – Terriers
    • CKC – Terriers
    • ​KC – Terriers
    • NZKC – Terriers
    • UKC – Terriers

    Staffordshire bull terrier breed FCI standard

    STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER FCI STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Stafford, Staffy, (English).
      2. Stafford, SBT (French).
      3. SBT, Stafford (German).
      4. Staffbull, Staffie, SBT (Portuguese).
      5. Staffy, Stafford Inglés, Stafford (Spanish).
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