The Australian Terrier (Terrier Australian) It is a breed of dog in the Terrier family, classified in the section 2.
Due to his appearance, He is often confused with a Yorkshire Terrier large size. Is not surprising because, this breed comes from crossing a Yorkshire Terrier and different breeds of Terrier among the Skye Terrier, Cairn Terrier, the Norwich Terrier and other Irish Terrier.
Its origin goes back in the early 19th century, when accompanied by their Terrier British families travelled to Australia, and the vicissitudes of fate led to that these Terrier cross with the autóctonos…, and this is how they were born many races in the world.
In the early years of its existence, the Australian Terrier was known by the name “Broken-coated-Terrier” or “Broken-hair-buel-and-tan”.
The wording of the first breed standard, took place in the year 1896, While the official recognition of the same, is situated a little further late... in 1933. Y, the latest revision of the standard data of 1962.
Otros nombres: Terrier Australien
Group 3 / Section 2 – Small sized Terrier.
It is a long dog (in relation to your height), rustic-looking, robust with short limbs and strong.
The head is elongated, It has the black truffle and scissor closing denture. It has pointed ears being erect and small and dark eyes. The tail is often be amputated.
The height of the Australian Terrier is maximum 25 cm. to the cross in males and 22,5 to 23 in females, the average weight is situated in 4.5 to 5 Kg.
The hair is hard, straight and average length. This rustic-looking, precisely, Since hair is rough to the touch and out gives it.
The fur can be blue or silver, with stains of fire (or bronze) on the limbs and snout, or color sand clear or Griffon.
Puppies are born black solid color and change color in three months.
It is a very robust breed of dog, that often has a high percentage of Diabetes Mellitus.
What is Diabetes Mellitus??
Diabetes is defined as a disorder in the metabolism of the hydrates of carbon, fats and proteins caused by a deficiency of insulin, It can be absolute or relative.
Insulin is a hormone secreted in the beta cells of the pancreas, whose production allows to control blood sugar (blood glucose levels). Insulin deficiency causes a deterioration in the capacity of tissues to use nutrients, that translates into an increase of glucose in blood (Hyperglycemia).
Diabetes is classified according to the disease in humans, namely, as type I and type II.
The type I It is characterized by the destruction of beta cells, What determines the loss progressive and complete end of insulin secretion. Dogs suffering from type I Diabetes Mellitus may have a sudden onset of symptoms due to the rapid loss of the ability to produce insulin. These cases require insulinización from the time of diagnosis and are called diabetics 1,811 (DMID).
Other dogs may have a gradual loss of insulin secretion, that their beta cells will be destroyed with slow. These animals may have an initial period in which Hyperglycemia is mild or easy control, in which case it's diabetic insulinoindependientes (DMIID), Although in the long term these dogs also need her.
Diabetes Mellitus type II It is a little more difficult to understand and is characterized by what we call "insulin resistance" and "dysfunctional" beta cells. The secretion of insulin by these cells will be high, low or normal, but not enough to overcome the resistance to it in the peripheral tissues.
It´s, to explain it in a graphic way, It is as if peripheral tissues do not obey the orders of the insulin or were not able to do what send it.
In terms of metabolism or synthesis of glucose, These dogs may have DMID or DMIID, namely, need or not insulin according to the magnitude of the insulinorresistencia and functional status of the beta in their ability to produce cells and secrete the hormone in low quantities, normal or high.
Dogs also recognizes a secondary diabetes, produced by a carbohydrate intolerance (glucose) due to the presence of a disease or a drug treatment that it antagonizes or counteracts the effects of insulin and can lead to the exhaustion of the beta cells of the pancreas with the appearance of diabetes insulinodependiente.
The owners of diabetic dogs should be aware that the routine in the treatment with insulin and food has to be respected. Two fixed-dose of insulin a day associated with a food palatable to always provide the same source and the same amount of starch, always run at the same time it can reduce the risk of hypoglycemia in diabetic dogs.
In North America, area where the Australian Terrier is very popular, a research on the incidence of this disease is carried out.
Character and skills
The breed standard describes the ideal temperament Australian Terrier as a spirit warning, “with the natural aggressiveness of a Buzzard and a Hunter of coverage“.
Taking into account the Classification of dogs according to their functional intelligence and obedience (Stanley Coren ’ s "The intelligence of dogs") Australian Terrier ranks 34. Means that, is higher than the average, which indicates a good capacity for learning and training.
The Australian Terrier is a lively dog, attentive, with a facial expression that denotes intelligence, loyalty and faithfulness.
Sometimes it might be dominant so that a good training from an early age would be the right thing.
It is perfectly adapted to any type of housing, whether large or small (apartment, House, House with garden, etc.). It should be enough with daily brushing and a walk.