Dutch Partridge Dog
Holanda FCI 224 . Spaniel type

Dutch Partridge Dog

A peculiarity of Dutch Partridge Dog It consists in the fact that during the search the tail makes a rotating movement faster and faster as the dog approaches the prey.

Content

History

The Dutch Partridge Dog it is an ancient canine breed, that can be found in paintings painted centuries ago.

Originaria de Drenthe, a dutch province, the breed was developed during the 16th century from dogs from Spain, what were called Spionenen or Spaniolen. In the Netherlands they were given the name Patrijshond, what does retriever mean.

In the east of the country, especially in the province of Drenthe, these dogs were bred as pure breeds, without any mix with other foreign races, as it happened in other places. This isolation allowed the Perdiguero to remain unchanged during 3 or 4 centuries.

The 15 in May of 1943, was recognized by the Raad van Beheer op Kynologish Gebied of the Netherlands, a recognition strongly encouraged by Baroness van Hardenbroek and Messrs. van Heek junior and Quartero.

The responsible breed club was founded on 5 in June of 1948, with the name of Nederlandse Vereniging of Drentsche Patrijshond.

Related to him Small Münsterländer and the French Spaniel, the Dutch Partridge Dog it is quite limited in number, and the breed is almost unknown outside its borders.

Photo: “Drentsche Partridge Dog” macho by Stefanie Joksch, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Dutch Partridge Dog he is a well proportioned dog, with dry muscles, pure in its lines. His body reveals power and also the ability to run at the speed that suits a hunting dog. Wedge-shaped muzzle is slightly shorter than skull. The lips are quite dry and are not hanging. Her body, slightly longer than the height of the withers, is slightly elongated. Although the fur is not really long on the body, gives the impression of being so because of the well-populated ears, more abundant hair on the neck and chest, the fringes on the front and back legs and on the bushy tail, abundantly populated on all sides.

They have a dense coat that covers the body well. Not curly. The hair is not really long, but as it is longer in some parts, the dog, as a whole, gives the impression of having long hair. On the neck and chest, the hair is longer. In the ears, the hair is long and preferably wavy. The ears, the back of the front and back legs and the back of the thighs are fringed. Hair preferably wavy on the upper part of the body and tail. Except for its base, the tail is abundantly provided with long hair on all sides. These hairs are gradually shortened towards the tip.

COLOR: White fur with brown spots, mottled or not. Coats with a mix of brown and white hairs, with or without marks, are less desirable, like the cloak coats. The ears are brown, like the hair around the eyes.

SIZE:

Males: 58 - 63 cm..
Females: 55 - 60 cm..

Weight: Of 20 - 25 kg

Character and skills

They are ideal for hunting in a wide variety of terrain. They hunt with pistol shooting. Maintaining contact with the hunter is apparently an innate quality. A characteristic feature of many dogs of this breed is that, during the hunt, the tail describes a circular motion, especially when the dog is aware of the closeness of the prey. When he's close to hunting, the dog waits for the hunter to approach and when the hunter is late, turn your head to look for the game. Thanks to its adaptability, the dog is capable of hunting all kinds of animals on the plains and swamps. It is also a good retriever and excels in the search for lost game.. These characteristics are innate. For this reason, does not require long training.

The Dutch Partridge Dog it is also a very good companion dog because it is faithful, friendly, attentive. Your education should be done smoothly, without aggressiveness or too much firmness.
This dog requires regular maintenance. It will be an accomplice of the children and it is possible to leave them together. under surveillance, of course. Apartment living will get you down, he needs to have at least one garden for him. to let off steam and also for daily walks.

Health

The Dutch Partridge Dog he is a robust dog, but can be injured while hunting (fracture, sprain, tendinitis, wound…). His ears are drooping, poorly ventilated, prone to ear infections. Some dogs may be affected by hip-femoral dysplasia, a malformation of the hips that causes lameness and pain.

Grooming

The Dutch Partridge Dog should be brushed once a week to remove dead hairs and dirt. You can bathe once a month with a suitable shampoo.

Inspect and clean floppy ears once a week. When we come back from the hunt, we will check that he is not injured. Good antiparasitic and vacation coverage will be launched.

Characteristics "Dutch Partridge Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Dutch Partridge Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “"Dutch Partridge Dog"“

Dutch Partridge Dog
Drentsche Patrijshond Bowi the Gloucester during upland game hunt in Idaho by DutchID, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Dutch Partridge Dog
Dutch Partridge Dog by mjk23, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “"Dutch Partridge Dog"“

Spyker – Partridge Dog (Spaniel) – 4 Week Residential Dog Training at Adolescent Dogs
Drentsche patrijshond Indy: avonturen deel 27

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 224
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard "Dutch Partridge Dog"

FCIFCI – "Dutch Partridge Dog"
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Alternative names:

    1. Drentse Patrijshond, Drent (English).
    2. (en néerlandais : Drentse Patrijshond), épagneul à perdrix de Drente, épagneul hollandais de Drente (French).
    3. Drentscher Hühnerhund (German).
    4. (em neerlandês: Drentsche patrijshond) (Portuguese).
    5. Drentsche Patrijshond, Drent (Spanish).

Deutsch Stichelhaar
Alemania FCI 232 . Braque Type

Deutsch Stichelhaar

The Deutsch Stichelhaar has a calm and balanced character.

Content

History

The Deutsch Stichelhaar It is the oldest breed of wire-haired dogs. The history of Deutsch Stichelhaar goes back many hundreds of years. Already in 1539 this breed of dog could be admired in the bronze engravings. In 1888 Hans Von Kaddisch showed that this breed is not a variety of the Shorthaired Pointer Dog, but the wire-haired counterpart of the Old German Wirehaired Pointer, and that it was selected and developed from few surviving subjects who had survived in Germany.

The breed club, founded in 1892 as the “Club Stichelhaar“, changed his name to “Verein Deutsch Stichelhaar” in 1976. Since the beginning, has applied the rules of purebred breeding from the beginning, and excludes any crossing with the English breeds.

Photo: The german pointing dog Deutsch Stichelhaar by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

GERMAN BRISTLE-HAIRED POINT DOG
Deutsch Stichelhaar

Males reach a withers height of 60 - 70 centimeters. Females are somewhat smaller, growing up to about 58 - 68 centimeters. The weight of a Deutsch Stichelhaar it is usually between 20 and 29 kg.

The coat of this dog is hard and bristly. Is loose and has a moderate undercoat. The Deutsch Stichelhaar comes in a variety of colors and patterns. They are often solid brown in color, or have a white patch on the chest. There are also light browns and grays. The dog's coat has a few 4 centimeters long.

The structure of this breed of dog is square and strong. Has a straight back line, leaning slightly towards the rump. The skull is widely built and slightly domed. The ears are smooth and hanging and have a high base. The appearance of the Deutsch Stichelhaar reminds a German Wirehaired Pointer.

Character and skills

The Deutsch Stichelhaar has a calm and balanced character. He is very easy to train and very willing to learn. His alertness and protective instincts are strong, but they can be controlled well.

The temperament of Deutsch Stichelhaar it is usually quiet. Your temperament manifests when your abilities are nurtured through regular training. When you bring a Deutsch Stichelhaar to your family, you have a new friendly roommate.

Your new pet is neither shy nor aggressive. If you keep your friend busy enough, will be a loyal companion. However, you must make it clear that you have the position of leader within the hierarchy. Only then will he be a loyal dog to you.

The Deutsch Stichelhaar it is very popular with hunters. However, not suitable as a pure family dog. How this breed of dog is very self-confident, you should also be a strong leader.

Training

The natural instincts of Deutsch Stichelhaar can be controlled well with proper training. The best way to do this is to train him to be a hunting dog.. The training of the Deutsch Stichelhaar it is much more complex than that of other dogs. Just visiting a normal dog school is not enough. Usually the Deutsch Stichelhaar it is only given to hunters for this reason.

Grooming

Health and Grooming

When it comes to grooming, the Deutsch Stichelhaar it is similar to many other hunting dogs. Therefore, the amount of grooming required is low. If you brush your four-legged friend's coat once a week, is perfectly enough. The Deutsch Stichelhaar it is very robust in health. Therefore, fortunately it is not very susceptible to disease.

Characteristics "Deutsch Stichelhaar"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Deutsch Stichelhaar" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “"Deutsch Stichelhaar"“

Deutsch Stichelhaar
Deutsch Stichelhaar

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 232
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type

FCI breed standard "Deutsch Stichelhaar"

FCIFCI – "Deutsch Stichelhaar"
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Alternative names:

    1. German Roughhaired Pointer , Stichelhaar (English).
    2. Braque allemand à poil raide (French).
    3. Stichelhaar (German).
    4. (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de muestra alemán de pelo cerdoso (Spanish).

Norwegian Hound (Dunker)
Noruega FCI 203 - Medium-sized Hounds

Norwegian Hound

The Norwegian Hound (Dunker) it is found only in its country of origin and is practically unknown outside its borders.

Content

History

The Norwegian Hound was originally called Dunker, in honor of the Norwegian captain and breeder Wilhelm Conrad Dunker (1806-1860), who established the first breed standard in 1850. During the first half of the 19th century, there was a large population of hounds in norway, including various types used for hare hunting. Wilhelm Dunker selected those with the sharpest sense of smell and crossed them with a Russian Harlequin Hound to produce a versatile hound, able to hunt rabbits and hares by smell rather than sight, and tough enough to withstand the harsh weather conditions of Norway.

In 1902 was founded the Norsk Harehundklub, a club dedicated to hounds. That same year the hounds were divided into two main groups, known today as Dunker y Hygenhounds. The first was the largest and included local dogs from all over the country, providing a wide and varied breeding base.

Although Norway was less affected by World War II than other European countries, the demand for these dogs dropped dramatically, which made it difficult for the breeders to continue their work properly. As a result, the number of specimens decreased significantly.

After the conflict is over, the Dunker regained some popularity and was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1956.

However, this bounce was only short lived: lost ground again from the decade of 1970, due to competition from foreign breeds of hunting dogs imported into the country.

Things did not improve much in the 80, to the point that inbreeding problems began to appear. In fact, the decline in its population led many breeders to resort to inbreeding to continue breeding. This led to a high rate of congenital deafness.. For this reason, in 1987, the breeding committee of the Norwegian Hound asked the Norsk Kennel Klubb (NKK), the reference canine organization in Norway, permission to cross the Dunker with other races, but they denied it. However, how things did not improve much, the NKK finally gave his approval for some crosses two years later. This resulted in a more varied and healthy genetic makeup, while maintaining the characteristic features of the breed.

The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized it in 1996. However, the other American reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), has not done the same to this day – nor does the neighboring Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) or the prestigious British Kennel Club (KC). In fact, at the global level, recognition of the breed is still quite partial.

It's the same for broadcast. Even in the other Scandinavian countries, is almost absent, with the exception of Sweden, where the Svenska Kennelklubben records a number of births each year that can be counted on the fingers of one hand, compared to around twenty in the early nineties. In France, not a single inscription was made in the Book of French Origins (LOF) during the first two decades of the 21st century.

In Norway, The number of Dunkers recorded each year in the NKK has been around 150 since the mid-decade 2000. However, this marks a halving of the number compared to the change of the years 90. This limited number is partly explained by the deafness problem present in this breed: almost the 75% of its population suffers from deafness.

Photo: A Norwegian Hound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound It is a medium-sized dog distinguished by its long, well-proportioned body, his energetic and clear walk and his light weight. They have solid bones, giving an impression of strength and endurance. The back is straight, firm and long enough to give length to the rib cage. Lets on strong, dry front legs. The tail is wide and thick at the base and tapers at the tip. Descends to the hock or slightly protrudes from the hock.

Dunker
Dunker

Quite long, its head is characterized by a slightly domed skull and a marked stop. Located at half height, the ears are flat, without folds, hanging and soft to the touch. Half-width, taper towards its tip, which is rounded. Its mouth has scissor-shaped teeth dominated by a square, well-developed snout., a black nose and wide nostrils.

His eyes are round, large and very penetrating. Although they are usually dark in color, there are also individuals with one or two blue eyes, a characteristic that is associated with an increased risk of deafness. Minnow eyes are allowed in blue individuals (variegated). Regardless of the color of the eyes, the eyes express calm and seriousness.

The coat of the Dunker consists of short hair, hard, tight and dense. Its coloration is a distinctive sign of the breed: they are either black with light fawn and white spots, or blue merle (Variegated?) and mottled with light fawn and white spots. Jet black coats with dark tawny markings are less desirable, and those in which white predominates (to the point of representing at least the 50% Of the surface) are considered undesirable by the norm.

Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very marked in this breed: males and females are quite similar in size and weight.

Life expectancy: 12 years of age.

Size of Norwegian Hound

    – Female weight: Of 24 - 25 kg
    – Male weight: Of 24 - 25 kg
    – Female size: Of 47 - 53 cm.
    – Male size: Of 50 - 55 cm.

Character and skills “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is a fast and tenacious hunter with an above-average olfactory ability. They excel particularly in hunting hare and rabbit.

Being also gentle, loving, cheerful and friendly, they have all the qualities required to be an excellent companion dog. Balanced, patients, tolerant and devoid of aggressiveness, they are very good playmates for children. However, it is important to note that a dog should never be left alone with a small child without adult supervision, and this applies to all races.

His total lack of aggressiveness and his attraction to humans, even for those you don't know, make it totally impossible to use as a guard dog. In effect, not reserved at all, shy, fearful or aggressive with strangers, rather they tend to welcome them positively and trust them. They are more likely to greet a malicious person with curiosity and licking them rather than barking to warn their master or make them understand that they better go their way.

His sociability extends to other dogs too. Therefore, it is quite possible to share a house with a dog companion without fearing that conflict situations will multiply, and is generally friendly with those he meets on his walks.

With cats and other animals, things are a little more complicated. His hunting instinct naturally leads him to chase any small furry animal that is not part of the canine species.. Although he has grown up with him and must consider his little companion as a member of the family and not as a potential prey, risk can never be ruled out, so it is better to avoid such cohabitation. As for those that can be found on your walks, you probably want to chase them. Therefore, it is preferable to keep it on a leash during excursions, to avoid any accident.

Dunker
Dunker

In any case, the fear that it will chase other animals does not mean that you should not take it out enough every day, knowing that you need a lot of activity to expend your great energy. Need at least 45 minutes of exercise per day, but his stamina makes him happy to go further if given the chance. In addition, it is preferable to vary the pleasures to allow you to fully expend your energy: long walks, run through the park, sports with dogs, etc. Sports that require running (like canicross) and those that appeal to your senses (like tracking) they are the most recommended. In fact, this dog is very happy when he has to mobilize his physical and mental capacities. In any case, in addition to allowing you to exercise, all these activities reinforce the relationship with his master, which is especially important if you are hearing impaired.

From the above it follows that the Dunker not suitable for an elderly or very sedentary person, I couldn't give you all the exercise you need. The ideal for him is a master of sport, and willing to take his partner in his various activities. Retirees may be right for him, if they are active enough.

In any case, life in the city is not ideal for him, that needs large spaces to fully develop. A house with a garden in the country is a much more appropriate environment to live. However, it is important to ensure that the garden is well fenced and that the environment is safe, as his instincts and hunting instincts soon lead him to follow leads and flee.

Once your need for exercise is satisfied, the Norwegian Hound has an easy and docile character; is far from being as stubborn as many hunting dog breeds. However, your sense of smell can make training difficult, as he is easily distracted by a scent and not really responsive to his master's commands.

Their propensity to bark can also be quite annoying. He is particularly prone to doing so if his master is away for a long time without having given him any exercises beforehand and without having the means to do it himself.. In fact, inactivity can be a burden and cause those behavior problems, as well as destruction, for example. However, as long as you have something to take care of in the absence of your family, not the type of dog that suffers a lot from separation anxiety.

Education “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

Like all the other hounds, the Norwegian Hound must be socialized from an early age. In other words, so that he becomes a balanced adult and has no trouble finding his place, should be given without delay a maximum of opportunities to meet all kinds of humans (veterinary, neighbors, delivery man, etc.), Other animals, but also to face various noises, smells and situations. This is even more important as you are easily distracted by your sense of smell..

The rules established in your education should also be taught to you from an early age, when your ability to learn and docility are at their best. As with any race, bad habits are quickly acquired while he is still a puppy and become real problems when he grows up.

In any case, the Dunker it is a breed of dog that is easy to train and that listens to its master, as long as he uses a dog-friendly training method. Treatments generally prove to be very effective in positively reinforcing your good deeds and facilitating learning. However, sometimes it is necessary to show firmness and affirm your own authority to prevent this dogged dog from doing what he pleases. It can also be difficult to get their attention, given their tendency to be distracted by their sense of smell.

Since it has a strong inclination to follow its nose and to chase passing small animals, Teaching your dog to call back is especially important to avoid the risk of a frantic tug on the leash or running away if it moves freely.

It can also be helpful to try to teach him to channel his propensity to bark.. However, as it is deeply ingrained in him, should not be expected to be the calmest of dogs. If it is impossible to make him understand that some things do not necessarily require him to bark, at least he can be taught to stop on command.

Last but not least, if the dog is deaf from birth, as is the case with a significant fraction of the representatives of the breed, the master must obviously adapt to this restriction: training a deaf dog is not done in the same way as training another dog that is capable of hearing its master's voice. Trust is then even more crucial in the relationship between the animal and its master., so that you can learn and live in good conditions despite your disability. Of course, communication is then done through non-verbal communication, and it is up to the teacher to adopt explicit body language, based on gestures and precise mimics, specific for each indication you want to give.

Health “Norwegian Hound (Dunker)”

The Norwegian Hound is very resistant, generally have excellent health and very good longevity.

Used to living in harsh Norwegian weather, can tolerate cold and humidity without difficulty. Their coat is naturally waterproof and offers good protection from the elements. On the other hand, shows some intolerance to high temperatures, even if it is able to adapt to a Mediterranean climate. You simply need to lighten up your activities during hot flashes, or at least privilege those that are carried out inside, to make sure you always have access to a shaded place or even air conditioning and to avoid any excessive physical exercise in the hottest hours.

Its small population and its limited diffusion prevent a very important deterioration of health, but it has been shown that it is predisposed to certain problems:

  • deafness, what is a hereditary disease. According to the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), almost the 75% of the breed population is today deaf by at least one, if not both ears;
  • hip dysplasia, a joint malformation that may be characterized by a hereditary predisposition. Can cause joint pain as well as difficulty moving;
  • Elbow dysplasia, which can also be favored by a hereditary predisposition. It is painful and leads to difficulty moving and the development of osteoarthritis;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, a hereditary and incurable eye disease. Causes loss of night vision first, then loss of daytime vision, to the point that the dog becomes totally blind;
  • Demodecic scabies, a contagious parasitic disease that causes itching and true discomfort to the dog, gradually losing appetite and sleep;
  • ear infections (otitis, etc.), due to its hanging shape.
  • In addition, individuals used for hunting are exposed to the various risks associated with this activity: wounds, parasites, thorns, etc.

    In addition, the Dunker has a strong appetite. How it is usually active, this is not usually a problem. However, if it is not, soon becomes overweight.

    Given the hereditary conditions to which the breed is predisposed, the breeder's work plays a decisive role in the adoption of a Norwegian Hound that he is in perfect health and that he will probably remain so. In addition to the results of genetic tests performed on the parents and the puppy to reduce the risk of such diseases, every serious and responsible breeder must be able to present a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as documents related to the vaccines administered.

    In addition, when the dog is small and still growing, your bones and joints are particularly fragile: therefore, any excessive or prolonged physical exercise should be avoided, since I could pay it one day or another, with potentially permanent sequelae (malformations, etc.).

    Last but not least, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian at least once a year to ensure that the dog is in good health or, on the other hand, to be able to detect as soon as possible any problem whose symptoms are not yet visible. This health check is also an opportunity to carry out your immunization reminders, which are another essential lever to keep the dog in good health. Still in the prevention registry, it is the owner's responsibility to renew the antiparasitic treatments whenever necessary throughout the year, so your partner is never unprotected.

    Care and maintenance “Norwegian Hound”

    A tough breed, the Norwegian Hound do not require much maintenance.

    However, they lose a lot of hair, so brushing your hair twice a week is not too much to help remove dead hairs and keep it looking good. During their shedding periods in spring and fall, when it should be done more often (even daily) to prevent hair growth throughout the house.

    Since his hair is not very dirty and therefore does not have a strong odor, bathing him two or three times a year is generally sufficient. In any case, a too frequent bath will make the sebum naturally present on the skin disappear, that insulates and protects it from the elements. Having said that, do not hesitate to give him a bath if he has gotten very dirty, for example during a particularly muddy hunting trip. In any case, you can only use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, at the risk of damaging your skin.

    Dunker
    Dunker

    The ears, on the other hand, require special attention, since its hanging shape implies an increased risk of infections (ear infections, etc.). They should be cleaned every week with a damp cloth or a cleaning product specially designed for this purpose.. They should also be dried after each bath or a long period of time in a humid place.

    Their eyes they should also be examined weekly and cleaned if necessary with a damp cloth.

    It is also necessary to brush the teeth of your dog every week or even every day to avoid the formation of dental plaque and its possible consequences (bad breath, diseases, etc.). A toothpaste specially designed for dogs should always be used.

    In addition, it is important to regularly check your dog's claws to make sure they are not getting too long and to trim them if this is the case. This could not only hinder your gait, it could also be broken and potentially injured at the same time. Having said that, while you're active and spending long hours outdoors, natural wear and tear is usually enough to file them.

    To know how to proceed during maintenance sessions, it is helpful to benefit from the expertise of a vet or groomer the first time. In fact, whether the various procedures for grooming the coat, the ears, the eyes, your pet's teeth or claws are not done properly, not only will satisfactory results not be obtained, but the owner may even injure or injure his pet. In addition, the owner should get used to his pet very soon, so that throughout his life he accepts to be manipulated without being rebellious.

    In addition, when your pet returns from a long time in the wild, it is a good idea to systematically take a little time to inspect it carefully: parasites, spikes or dirt may have gotten into their fur, and may also have been injured.

    What is the price of a “Norwegian Hound”

    In Norway, a puppy Dunker It costs around 7000 Norwegian crowns (a few 650 EUR). The sale price varies from one individual to another depending on the prestige of the offspring, the dog's lineage and its intrinsic characteristics.

    Since the breed does not have a wide international distribution, it is almost impossible to find a breeder of the same outside your country of origin.

    Therefore, whether you are in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada or elsewhere, who wants to adopt a Norwegian Hound you must opt ​​for the import solution. In this case, keep in mind that transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price and, of course, you must respect the regulations to import a dog from abroad.

    Characteristics "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “"Norwegian Hound (Dunker)"“

    Sabueso Noruego (Dunker) – Raza de Perro
    Dunker ?? Everything Dog Breeds ??

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 203
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)"

    "Norwegian Hound (Dunker)" FCI [xyz-ips snippet=

    Alternative names:

      1. Dunker (English).
      2. Dunker (French).
      3. Dunkerbracke, Dunkerlaufhund (German).
      4. Dunker (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador noruego, Dunker, Sabueso de Dunker (Spanish).

    Dogo Canario
    España FCI 346 - Molosoids - Mastiff

    Dogo Canario

    The aggressiveness of Dogo Canario should not be overly stimulated. It is an optimal guardian and defender without the need for training.

    Content

    History

    The Dogo Canario It is a classic moloso. It is the offspring of an ancient and in this ancient form it is only rarely found in Central Europe today.. It has many names: Presa Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario. Dogs of the current type Dogo Canario existed still ago 200 years everywhere. They were the old saupackers, bear teethers, guard dogs, butcher dogs, the ancestors of the current great danes, bulldogs, boxers and mastiffs. They are extremely strong and bulky dogs, that even today are summarized as molossi. They were raised in ancient times and have always been highly appreciated. They were used on large farms, with livestock herds or for example on merchant ships such as guard and protection dogs, served as herding dogs and as hunting dogs for boars or bears. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs, they had them carved in stone in full recognition does 3700 years.

    Due to its strength, courage and determination, have been used as fighting dogs in the arenas of animal fighting since Roman times. Molossians have a commanding head with a rather short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. According to the traditions of antiquity in words and images, the main characteristics of the molosser have remained essentially the same for thousands of years, but in recent centuries and especially due to modern dog breeding, the classic type of molosser has been lost to some extent. In extreme cases strange shapes have been bred with many extremely short folds or snouts such as bulldogs or giants like him Great Dane or the Mastiff. The Dog is still raised in his homeland only for his performance at work.

    Therefore, chances are that the Dogo Canario still embody the type Molosoide as was common in the old days. It is clearly recognized as trotting, but he does not suffer from cultivated exaggerations of any bodily characteristics or traits. You can only hope it stays that way. Unfortunately, breeders are very much at odds with Dogo Canario. They haven't even managed to agree on a name and a registry office. From 1991 has been officially considered as “The Canary Presa Dog” among the natural symbols of the Canary Islands. Meanwhile in 2001 the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture recognized these dogs as a national breed also under the name of Dogo Canario, the same dogs were then provisionally recognized as Dogo Canario by the world federation FCI in 2001 and finally in 2011. Other names are Perro de Presa y Alano. Alano It is an old word that means Great Dane.

    Physical characteristics

    The Dogo Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario – all designations for the same four-legged friend – he is an elegant dog that radiates athletic power. He is an athletic, muscular, elongated but nevertheless typical molosser.

    The skull-muzzle ratio is approximately 6:4. The upper lip rests a little flaccidly on the lower one. The eyes, medium-sized, they are oval and hazelnut, the ears, high, they are separated from each other and are shaped like a button; they are only amputated to remember their original role as a fighting dog. The neck, long and muscular, shows a slight dewlap. The tail is implanted high: thick at the base, is tuned to the extreme. The belly is retracted, but the last ribs stand out only slightly, giving a harmonious harp shape. Limbs are sturdy, muscular and perfectly plumb; angulation of the hind limbs is not very marked.

    The difference between male and female bulldogs desired by the FCI standard is therefore unnaturally large. Anyway, desires of this standard for outward appearance should not be taken so seriously.

    Because fortunately this originally preserved dog breed, robust and healthy has set its standard “By herself”, more exactly for their performance at work, and has kept it in the practice of life until today. People, who now wants to put it in a modern pedigree breeding dog standard, don't even agree to the principle, as we can see in its history of the breed. Modern pedigree dog breeding has not done any dog ​​breed any good, both in terms of health and character. In old times, the Bulldog fitted with pleasure to the ears, so that they protruded upwards. This is now prohibited. Today they show big ears hanging down.

    • Hair: short, without Undercoat, pretty hard.
    • Color: leonado or atigrado. The tabby specimens have a wide range of colors, from the very dark ones to a quite cold tone light gray.
    • Size: males, of 61 - 66 cm.; females, of 57 - 62 cm..

    Character

    The Dogo Canario is a quiet dog, balanced and self-confident. He is a powerful and defensive athlete who can show his performance at any time. Like all molossi, he is extremely kind, have strong nerves and a high stimulus threshold. However, he is more anxious to move and not as lethargic as most molossi bred today only as companions. A Dogo Canario well socialized is friendly to people who know and like children. It is very sociable. Towards strangers is at first a little distant without fear. He is an incorruptible guardian, fearless and protective of his family without being aggressive by himself. The FCI standard describes the character desired by the breed:

    Calm appearance; alert look. It is especially suitable as a watchdog… His temperament is balanced and he has a lot of self-confidence. Deep barking. He is docile and kind to his family members and with strong ties to his master, but you may suspect strangers. Self-confident behavior, elegant and somewhat distant. When you are alert, his attitude is confident and alert.

    It must be added that the Dogo Canario rarely barks. But if it barks once, it's pretty awesome.

    Attitude

    The Dogo Canario is undemanding in terms of external conditions. Of course: a small apartment in the big city would not be optimal for your attitude. But other than that it's easy to maintain. It is also a working dog, a guard, a driver, a hunting dog for hunting wild boars. The Dogo Canario it is suitable as a family dog ​​only on the condition that it is well socialized, well educated and physically fit. You also have to take into account a fact: It is considered a “dangerous dog” in many countries.

    Dogo Canario Education

    The Dogo Canario can be trained well, but it's not a beginner dog yet. It is intelligent, very sociable and eager to work. But at the same time he is very powerful and assertive. In case of doubt, always the strongest end of the strap. Therefore, his master or caretaker must not leave doubts about his role as leader and this on the basis of natural authority. Then this dog will gladly leave the main role to his bipeds without reservation. But it must be filled. The Dogo Canario it is even suitable for demanding tasks such as training as an assistance or protection dog. The basic requirement is that it comes from a serious breeder and has already been socialized there.

    Dogo Canario health and care

    The Dogo Canario has no special demands on your care.

    Typical diseases

    Breed specific diseases are not known. Due to his still short career as an official pedigree dog, it can be assumed that the population of the Dogo Canario, Presa Dog or Presa Canario – Whatever this ancient breed of dog is called – enjoys robust health.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Dogo Canario has no special demands on their diet.

    Life expectancy Dogo Canario

    There are no reliable figures on life expectancy. Seriously raised, the Dogo Canario I should be able to live on 10 - 12 years.

    Buy Dogo Canario

    Before making a purchase, be aware that the restrictive attitude of the State can cause many problems in daily life and additional financial burdens. The Dogo Canario it is a large and powerful dog that belongs to the hands of an experienced teacher or lover. The cost of a Dogo Canario is of some 1200 EUR.

    Images "Dogo Canario"

    Photos:

    1 – Canarian Presa Dog – Dogo canario by Kamen rider snipe / CC BY-SA
    2 – Presa Canario dog – Dogo Canario by Basil Dragon / CC BY-SA
    3 – Presa Canario by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/732874
    4 – Canary bulldog, edited by Canecorsodog (en.Wikipedia) edited by Caronna 12:25, 6 February 2008 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
    5 – Zai-Kan de Irema Curtó. Canary prey perro byManuel Curtó Jr. / CC BY-SA
    6 – Presa Canario by Wikipedia
    7 – Presa canario dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/75916

    Videos "Dogo Canario"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 346
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI breed standard "Dogo Canario"

    PRESA CANARIO FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Canary Mastiff, Canary Catch Dog, Canarian Dogo, Presa Canario.Dogo Canario, Presa (English).
      2. dogo Canario (French).
      3. Presa Canario, Kanarische Dogge (German).
      4. Perro de presa canário, Dogo canário (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de presa canario (Spanish).

    Dutch Smoushond
    Holanda FCI 54 - Pinscher and Schnauzer

    Born to follow the horse and rider, and catch the rats in the blocks.

    Content

    History

    The Dutch Smoushond is a very ancient race. Its name derives from the term smous (mouse), because among their tasks it has always been found to hunt these rodents.

    By mid-century 19 he was very popular with the upper middle class in the Netherlands following the carriages and horses and as a rat catcher in the stables. Although the origin of the breed is uncertain, it is generally believed that the Yellow schnauzer was one of the original dogs in the creation of this breed. A dog merchant sold the dog as "The Stable Knight Dog" to tourists from product exchanges in Amsterdam. The name quickly changed to "Smous”, rough barbarian, This distinguished him from Griffon Bruxellois. The first standard dates from 1905, was written by Messrs H.A. Earl of Bylandt, A. Woltman Elpers y L. Seegers. After a long period in which popularity and public interest decreased, the last litter was recorded in the Netherlands Book of Records (Dutch Dog Studbook) in 1949. In 1973, la Sra. H.M. Barkman van der Weel took the initiative to rebuild the breed. It started with a cross looking like a Dutch Smoushond. FCI-St. N°308 / 16.03.2012 3 From 1978 interest in Dutch Smoushond is protected by the Hollandse Smoushonden Club. In 1980 the standard of 1905.

    In the news, puppies of this breed are very difficult to get outside of the Netherlands.

    Physical characteristics

    It is an agile dog, whose silhouette is inscribed in a square, It should not be thick or heavy. The eyes are characteristic of the breed, with a lively and benevolent expression, large, round and dark colored, the ears, inserted high, they fall forward and rest on the cheeks; they are small, thin and triangular in shape, with the end slightly rounded. The tail should be quite short, with a happy demeanor, but not coiled on the back. Can be cut to 2/3 its length.

    • Hair: on the body it is thick, enough, hard, straight, shaggy looking. In the extremities it has an average length, not tight but turned inward suggesting locks. Over the head is shorter, with mustaches, beard and longer eyebrows.
    • Color: yellowish along with all its gradients; straw yellow is preferable.
    • Size: males, of 37 - 42 cm.; females, of 35 - 40,5 cm..

    Character and skills

    The Dutch Smoushond was born to follow the horse and rider, and catch the rats in the blocks, the Dutch Smoushond has an affectionate character, joyful, friendly, always comfortable with everyone, fearless or very nervous. It is a perfect family dog, friendly and easy to educate.

    Images "Dutch Smoushond"

    Dutch Smoushond Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 308
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 1.3: Pinscher and Schnauzer type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer.
    • UKC – Terrier Group.

    Dutch Smoushond breed FCI standard

    DUTCH SMOUSHOND FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dutch Ratter, Hollandse Smoushond (English).
      2. Hollandse Smoushond (French).
      3. Holländischer Rattler, HOLLÄNDISCHER SMOUSHUND (German).
      4. Hollandse Smoushond (Portuguese).
      5. Smoushond holandés, Perro ratonero holandés (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1424539
    2 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1581327
    3 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1061995
    4 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1426949
    5 – Dutch buzzard by gwendolenFlickr

    Dutch Shepherd
    Holanda FCI 223 - Sheepdogs.

    Dutch Shepherd

    The most widespread variety of Dutch Shepherd she is the one with long hair, but the breed is almost unknown outside the Dutch borders.

    Content

    History

    The Dutch shepherd descends directly from the belgian shepherds, which is very similar (including subdivision into three hair varieties).

    Originally the main function of the Dutch shepherd it was typical of a country sheepdog. From the earliest times the Dutch had an agricultural culture, among others, made up of flocks of sheep. Dogs should keep the herd away from planting, which they did patrolling the limits of the road and the fields. They also accompanied the transfer of the herd to the common meadows, markets and ports. In the farm, kept chickens out of the kitchen yard, cows were herded for milking and the milk cart was pulled. They also alerted farmers if anyone entered. Around 1900, herds had almost disappeared in the Netherlands. The Dutch Shepherd's versatility made him suitable for training, which at that time was beginning to become popular. Thus began a new career as a police dog, search and rescue and as a guide dog for the blind. Still capable of herding flocks anyway. The first breed standard dates from 12 in June of 1898.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog of medium size and weight, quite muscular, Powerfully built and well proportioned. His expression is intelligent and temperament, live. The eyes are dark in color, medium-sized, macaroons, somewhat oblique and never round. The ears, smaller than big, they are straight and facing the front, and inserted high. The tail, that at rest hangs straight or forms a slight curve, reaches the tip of the hock. When it is active, the dog is elegantly elevated, never coiled; never falls on the sides.

    • Hair: the short-haired variety has a well attached coat; the long-haired one has straight hair, and the variety of hard hair has it thick and hard; on the head it forms prominent eyebrows, mustaches and beard. Depending on the cloak, in the breed there are three varieties: Smooth-haired, long and hard.
    • Color: striated but the least intensely, on brown background (golden fluted) or gray (fluted gray). The stripes are less evident in hard-haired specimens. Black mask is preferable.
    • Size: males, of 57 - 62 cm.; females, of 55 - 60 cm..

    Character and skills

    Affectionate, obedient, docile, vigilant, trustworthy, undemanding and very resistant. Always watch out, active and endowed with the true nature of a shepherd dog. It is a little less reactive and less nervous than Belgian Shepherd, the one who looks like, However, even in character.

    The Dutch Shepherd works willingly with his master and is able to cope with any task assigned to him.
    Herding larger herds must have the ability to work in conjunction with various other dogs..

    Images "Dutch Shepherd"

    Videos "Dutch Shepherd"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial
    • FCI 223
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • FCI breed standard "Dutch Shepherd"
  • DUTCH SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dutch Herder, Hollandse Herder (English).
      2. Berger hollandais (French).
      3. Holländischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor holandês (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de pastor holandés (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Short-haired Dutch Shepherd stacked by CaroleField / CC BY-SA
    2 – Silverbrindle and goldbrindle are the approved colors of the breed by Lissunmusta / CC BY-SA
    3 – Short-haired brindle male Dutch Shepherd named Black, 2 years old, owned by Jason Paluck by Wikipedia
    4 – Adult brindle Dutch shepherd by https://www.pikrepo.com/fyvdb/adult-brindle-dutch-shepherd
    5 – dutch shepherd by https://www.peakpx.com/504961/dutch-shepherd
    6 – Dutch shepherd by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1387398
    7 – Neros van Guard is a Dutch Shepherd imported from Canada to the USA by Ulyseemuff / CC BY-SA

    Dogue de Bordeaux
    Francia FCI 116 - Molossoid - Dogo

    Dogo de Burdeos

    The Dogue de Bordeaux It is very faithful to its owner and loving with children.

    Content

    History

    The Dogue de Bordeaux, it is a medium to large size molossian from France. The Molossian type has been known since ancient times and played a considerable role in various cultures of the ancient world.. The Babylonians carved their molosser out of granite. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs. Molosses are strong and heavy dogs. They have a commanding head with a short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. According to the traditions of antiquity in words and images, the main characteristics of the molosser have remained essentially the same for thousands of years.

    The range of their tasks in the service of man has also remained constant for a long time. The ancestors of the Dogue de Bordeaux served as a hunting dog for large, well-fortified game, especially as a saupacker. They had to catch and corner the dangerous boar until the hunter could kill it with the feather of the boar, a special spear. This required speed, resistance, much courage and strength. The Dogue de Bordeaux served and continues to serve today as a guard and protection dog. In the Middle Ages it was used for the arenas of animal fighting. Large and small mollusks have always been scattered across Europe. The Dogue de Bordeaux was created as an independent breed with the emergence of modern dog breeding as a separate dog breed. In 1863 The first French dog show was held at the Paris Acclimatization Garden.

    The Dogue de Bordeaux it was already shown there under its current name. The name must derive from the fact that these dogs were seen more often in the butchers of the city of Bordeaux. At that time the Dogue de Bordeaux they were not so big however, heavy and as wrinkled as today. Also lacking the monochromaticity required today. The male awarded in Paris in 1883, “Battle”, his head was wrinkle free with a black mask. The Dogue de Bordeaux often had to suffer the political turmoil of humanity. During the French Revolution in 1789 was almost exterminated, because he was considered the dog of the rich. During the two world wars, the dogs had to suffer so much that their breed was endangered after the wars. Since the decade of 1960 has been experiencing a new boom. To revive the race, it is said that they were crossed with the St. Bernard short hair.

    Physical characteristics

    The Dogue de Bordeaux It has an impressive appearance, despite or perhaps because it is not as big and heavy as a mastiff or a Saint Bernard. However, you can see the power it presents in majestic serenity. The standard establishes a height at the withers of 60 - 68 cm for males and 58 - 66 cm for females. The weight of the males is of “at least 50 kg” and that of the females of “at least 45 kg”. Unfortunately, the standard does not provide an upper weight limit. So today we see specimens with 70 kg and more.

    Especially such gigantism is at the expense of dogs' fitness and health.. Belgian Earl Bylandt gives 1894 as weight for the male 54 – 60 kg. German cynologist Richard Strebel reports in 1905 of 54 – 55 kg as the best weight for a male and 45 – 46 kg for a female. Such weight would also do very well to the current Dogue de Bordeaux. The coat of the Dogue de Bordeaux must be thin, short and soft to the touch. Should be “solid in all fawn color tones from mahogany to Elizabethan”. White spots on the chest and extremities of the limbs are allowed when they are not very extensive. This color restriction is also not very beneficial for the gene pool of the Dogue de Bordeaux. All this leads to the fact that today the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the most ephemeral dogs.

    Character

    Serious and self confident, but with an underlying sense of humor, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a vigilant and brave companion. It has several personalities: distant, Extrovert, funny, sweet, wrestler, quick to learn, each one belongs to a different dog.

    In the best case, the Bulldog is calm and gentle, but it can also be stubborn. When a dog this size is stubborn and wants to get away with it, can be difficult to deal with. The Dogue de Bordeaux Must have early and extensive socialization combined with strong leadership from its owner, or it can become aggressive towards other dogs, smaller animals or even people. If you want to live with a Dogue de Bordeaux, you must be willing to learn to work with him, to control it and earn its respect.

    A Bulldog who has an owner whom he respects is a wonderful family dog. Enjoy spending time with them, even in bed and sofa. It is not an active dog and is content to be in the house, making sure everyone is safe. Short walks and game moments are just your speed. But don't be fooled. If someone approaches the door, the Dogue de Bordeaux is there to protect you from harm.

    With young children, is loving, Protector, gentle and tolerant. Unlike many large breeds, they can be too rowdy with young children, the Bulldog is usually careful with them. However, large dogs are not appropriate for childcare, and all interaction between the two must be supervised.

    The perfect Dogue de Bordeaux not prepared by the breeder. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation, counter-browsing and other undesirable behaviors if you are bored, is not trained or is not supervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence.

    Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach him. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start train or have to deal with more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

    Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make incredibly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality. Regardless of what you want from a Dogue de Bordeaux, look for one whose parents have nice personalities and who has been well socialized since the puppy's first stage.

    Dogue de Bordeaux attitude

    The Dogue de Bordeaux it is somewhat more demanding in its maintenance. Not suitable for an apartment. Although it is not a very agitated dog, he really likes having a little freedom of movement, for example in a garden. Here he likes to spend several hours sleeping and watching. You need a lot of space, because he wants to be able to move freely. Appreciate long walks and short bike rides. You need your daily exercise, but she is not an athlete. Physical and mental effort should be avoided in hot weather. Also keep in mind that dogs as large and strong as the Dogue de Bordeaux in our current society, supposedly animal friendly, often meet with great rejection, sometimes aggressive. Some people simply fear him out of ignorance. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city.. One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet bills.

    Dogue de Bordeaux Education

    The Dogue de Bordeaux can be trained very well, in regards to the basic rules of behavior. He must also be well educated from the age of a puppy to be able to always run this center of power.. She does not like to learn tricks whose meaning is not clear to her. Even more than with most other dogs, an intimate relationship of trust with your master or lover is the basis for a successful education. There are also consequences, because the Dogue de Bordeaux is intelligent, he notices every little discrepancy and knows how to use it for his own purposes. The Dogue de Bordeaux it is also very sensitive. Do not forget the injustices. Always keep in mind that the leash of these dogs is only a symbolic control. The Dogue de Bordeaux would easily have the power to maneuver the other end of the strap at will, If I wanted. But it doesn't.

    Health Dogue de Bordeaux

    Like any giant breed with a short snout, the Dogue de Bordeaux have health problems. The breed's limited gene pool creates a dog susceptible to extreme temperatures, to heart disease like dilated cardiomyopathy and aortic stenosis, and ectropion, a condition in which the eyelid fades out. Dogue de Bordeaux is also prone to foot pad hyperkeratosis.

    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Dogue de Bordeaux at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Dogue de Bordeaux grooming

    The short coat of the Dogue de Bordeaux it is easy to care. Brush it once a week with a rubber brush to remove dead hairs.

    But there is more to grooming than caring for the coat. The Dogue de Bordeaux you have wrinkles and need special care to avoid becoming infected. Wipe them with a damp cloth or baby wipe, and then dry the folds thoroughly to avoid skin infections.

    Bring a hand towel to clean your wrinkled face after every meal or drink of water. When he shakes that big head, throw chunks of slime everywhere. It also comes off a lot, so you will spend a lot of time sweeping and vacuuming.

    The rest are basic care. Check the ears weekly and clean them if necessary, brush your teeth as often as possible, and cut your nails regularly, usually every few weeks.

    Nutrition / Food

    As with all these heavy dogs, especially in the growth phase, diet and composition must be carefully considered. Later this is not problematic. The risk of stomach torsion must be taken into account.

    The life expectancy of the Dogue de Bordeaux

    The average life expectancy of Dogue de Bordeaux It, Unfortunately, extremely low, of 6 - 8 years. It would be good for the race to do everything humanly possible to correct this..

    Buy a Dogue de Bordeaux

    A puppy should only be purchased personally from a reputable breeder.. This can be planned for a few 1.500 – 2.500 EUR. You should look closely at the litter and parents, as well as obtaining information about ancestors. You must pay attention to the age of the ancestors, and that they are not too heavy or too wrinkled.

    Characteristics "Dogue de Bordeaux"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Dogue de Bordeaux" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Dogue de Bordeaux"

    Photos:

    1 – Dogue de Bordeaux puppy 10 weeks old by publicdomainpictures.net
    2 – Dogue de Bordeaux Harley by publicdomainpictures.net
    3 – Bordeaux sits comfortably in the garden by publicdomainpictures.net
    4 – Portrait of a Dogue de Bordeaux by publicdomainpictures.net
    5 – A portrait of a Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff) by spaceodissey from Parma, Italy / CC BY
    6 – Harley and Doutzen – Dogue de Bordeaux and bulldog playing together by publicdomainpictures.net

    Videos "Dogue de Bordeaux"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 116
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – Dogs working
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI breed standard "Dogue de Bordeaux"

    DOGUE DE BORDEAUX FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff, Bordeauxdog (English).
      2. Dogue de Bordeaux (French).
      3. Dogue de Bordeaux (German).
      4. Mastim francês (Portuguese).
      5. Dogo de Burdeos (Spanish).

    Dogo Argentino
    Argentina FCI 292 - Molossoid - Dogo

    Dogo Argentino

    He is a fierce guardian and defender. It is not convenient to stimulate their aggressiveness.

    Content

    History

    The Dogo Argentino (Argentine Dogo) is a breed of dog, created by the Argentine physician Antonio Nores Martinez, looking for an animal suitable for the hunting of common species in Argentina, such as wild boar, peccaries and red foxes. Courage, courage and nobility are qualities that enhance the maximum in this race.

    The Dogo Argentino It is the only living Argentine dog breed (see footnote two extinct races), defined by its creator, Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez, as “the best dog among all dogs of prey and more prey among all dogs in the world”.

    In the Decade of 1920, Antonio Nores Martinez (aided by his brother Agustín, his father Antonio and uncles) He decided to create a race of dam to collect the best qualities of the “Cordoba Fighting Dog“, but with superior physical strength and dimensions. In addition, It was proposed to bring a dog to have skills to hunt in Pack, particularly of wild boars, but he was able to beat or stop him only to the dam in combat until the arrival of his master or the rest of the Pack.

    Antonio used as the basis for the “Cordoba Fighting Dog“, a mixture of races introduced in the Argentina by English residents, Bull Terrier and Bulldog, with races that had brought the Spaniards, Spanish Alano and Spanish Mastiff. At these crossing, He was unbeaten in the fights of dogs, Antonio added blood lines Bull Terrier and Pyrenean Mastiff. Like this, in the thirteenth generation, Antonio was given account that had created a “war machine” perfect, an invincible battle dog. The white dogs of Antonio became famous as any other dog could overcome them rings.

    It thus creates the Araucana family. Then Antonio proposed legalizing the dog that had been created, because the fighting, Despite being his passion, they were prohibited throughout the world. On the other hand, He was fascinated by the idea of directly killing a dog to lift, continue and captured the dam. The Araucana family not served for hunting because they were very aggressive, very heavy in relation to its height and lack of sense of smell. Then Antonio introduced blood Pointer, creating the Guaraní family. These Doges maintained the fighting spirit of the Araucana family, but they were more resistant to pursue prey, they had a better sense of smell and could be that they did not battle.

    They spent several years crossing, selections and adequate functional gymnastics until towards the end of the Decade of 1940, Antonio managed to consolidate the current Argentine dogo, recognized as the most excellent hunting dog.

    In 1946 It organized a public match for the presentation of the race between Añá, an extraordinary specimen of Dogo Argentino and a breeding boar of 5 years. It was a tough race for Aña, the fight came out victorious, then surrendered it in forty minutes, finishing the fight in perfect physical condition. The battle was filmed and woke up in the cinófilos a great admiration for the Doge (“The Dogo Argentino“, by Paolo Vianini, Vecchi publishing, 2006.).

    In 1947 Augustine hosted a match in the Spanish Club of Morón between Chinese, a Dogo Argentino and a Creole Black Bull, great fighter. After a while of combat, that it caused him to Chinese femur fracture, He managed to turn the nose of the bull, which, in a few minutes, He could not resist more pain and knelt. Chinese not dropped. The end was really a party to the Spanish public. Francisco, another brother of Antonio, He entered the arena and spoke to Chinese who burst into their prey and continued limping (“The Dogo Argentino“, by Paolo Vianini, Vecchi publishing, 2006.).

    Augustine was a great diffuser of the race, finally achieving its recognition as such (see letter from Dr. Agustín Nores Martínez to the FCA). The standard was published in the magazine “Diana” in 1947. The official recognition in Argentina took place in 1964, and the international in 1973. You can read the letter sent by Dr. Agustín Nores Martinez1 to the Federation Cynologique Argentina requesting the opening of genealogical records of the breed, where he makes a detailed account of the virtues and potential of Dogo Argentino.

    In the last decades the Dogo Argentino It has been successfully introduced in the United States and several countries in Europe. Very good breeders can be found today in various countries throughout the world and of course Argentina, cradle of the Doge, that there are breeders of excellence. It is currently one of the regulatory dogs for police in Lebanon.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a very strong and sturdy dog, structure solid and muscular in all parts of the body, insensitive to pain, capable of combat with animals larger than himself and kill them. With the completely white layer, to distinguish it easily in the Mt., the Dogo Argentino it differs from other dogs also by its behavior: ladra rarely, almost for not wanting to note their presence, but when attacked, is devastating.

    The head is large with a massive skull. The truffle is black. Slightly concave snout, with thin lips to the bite and catch prey allows, continue breathing. Brown eyes, well separated between them. Ears upright or semierguidas, triangular and cut. The neck is powerful, thick and arched.

    The chest is wide and deep. The very high dorsal line in the shoulders then leans toward the hip. The limbs are straight, with muscular thighs, short hocks, United and short fingers. The tail is long and thick. The male must measure between 60 and 66 cm., and the female between 60 and 62 cm.; weight the male should be between the 48 - 54 kg, the female 45 kg. Always white mantle, and without spots, the pigmentation is not desired. The Dogo Argentino is an athlete, by which it should be kept thin and lightweight and not prone to obesity as if it were a Mastiff.

    By your skin should not remain long time exposed to the Sun. For a perfect maintenance of your fur brushing with a glove of crin or rubber that drag the loose hair is necessary. Skin problems are fairly common, particularly a disease called demodexia, It tends to occur mainly in the exemplary young immunosuppressed.

    Character and skills

    It is the most quintessential hunting dog. The Doges work in Pack, usually four members. When a Doge ventea wild boar, aims it to achieve this and it turned on in the snout, ears, neck or legs, without releasing it despite the punishment that would receive the beast. The Dogo Argentino is a very powerful bite, a great resistance and much courage, qualities that allow you to fight with the animal until the end or to reach other dogs in the Pack or the Hunter that rematará the boar with a knife.

    In some cases crossing of Doges with Greyhound joining the Pack, calls "Noose", to have dogs for both faster and lighter but they do not replace pure Doges, many more powerful and resistant.
    In recent years the Dogo Argentino I gain greater fame in hunting, given that can match in strength to the puma and another partner kill him. These copies are very strong and you don't feel the pain.

    Like all working dog, is very faithful to his master. In house usually behave well and almost never ladra. It is quiet and balanced. He is very loyal and affectionate with people. It tends to be aggressive toward their peers if it is not educated properly from an early age.

    You need to exercise, and be well comfortable space. It is not uncommon to find specimens with deafness. Their eyes should be cared, cleansing should be daily to avoid any type of inflammation.

    As any large breed, needs a strong and constant education but without violence. It is important to teach him not to attack other dogs and other domestic animals which must be able to live together in harmony. The hombre-perro relationship is a relationship of submission, Thus the hierarchical order must establish clear, who is charge.

    Once achieved this, the Dogo Argentino will be an exceptional companion, faithful to his master that will give his life if necessary. It is a dog that his role is very awake instinct, in fact, in the small farms, they wake up the instinct, so it is a dog as a pet should be always on leash when walking it.

    Dogo Argentino Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential for inherited diseases. Run away from any breeder who doesn't offer a health guarantee on puppies, to tell you that race has no known problems, or keep the cubs isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and incidence occurring with.

    Conditions that have been seen in the breed include hypothyroidism and deafness. Bulldogs may also be prone to glaucoma and laryngeal paralysis. Y, like many big and giant races, the Dogo Argentino can develop hip dysplasia.

    Hip dysplasia is an inherited defect of the hip socket. It may be mild, causing little or no pain, or it can lead to severe lameness. Bulldogs with hip dysplasia can move slowly or avoid jumping. According to the severity of the condition, weight loss, medication or surgery can help relieve pain. Bulldogs to be reared must undergo hip radiography and classification by a veterinary orthopedic specialist at two years of age.

    Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation showing that the parents were exempt from health problems affecting the breed.. Make the dogs are “vet examined” It is not a substitute for testing genetic health. Find your puppy elsewhere.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and only breed the healthiest, best-looking specimens, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas. A puppy can develop one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in his lines and what are the most common causes of death.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Dogo Argentino at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Care of the Dogo Argentino

    Grooming the Dogo Argentino is easy due to its short coat, although its large size means it's a great job. One bath every three months (or when it's dirty) with a mild shampoo for dogs is a good idea. Brush your stylish coat with a natural bristle brush or glove once a week. Use hair conditioner / polisher to shine.

    The rest are basic care. You have to check your ears every week and clean them if necessary and cut your toenails once a month. Regular brushing with a soft toothbrush and vet-approved dog toothpaste keeps teeth and gums healthy. It is essential to introduce the grooming to the Dogo Argentino when it is very young so that it learns to accept the handling and to make the fuss with tranquility.

    Characteristics "Dogo Argentino"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Dogo Argentino" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Dogo Argentino"

    Videos "Dogo Argentino"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 292
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 2.1: Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI breed standard "Dogo Argentino"

    DOGO ARGENTINO FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Argentine Dogo, Dogo (English).
      2. Dogo argentino (French).
      3. Dogo Argentino (German).
      4. Dogue argentino, Mastim argentino (Portuguese).
      5. Argentine Mastiff, Mastín Argentino (Spanish).

    1 – Argentine Dogo dog by joseltr / CC0
    2 – Dogo argentino by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/66875
    3 – Argentine mastiff – Name: Ridge Owner: – Fred, of Domaine Salvator by Wikipedia
    4 – Dogo Argentino during dogs show in Katowice, Poland by Lilly M / CC BY-SA
    5 – Dogo Argentino by Paul Hermans / CC BY-SA
    6 – Eggon taking his daily walk by Blabriel / CC BY-SA