Great Dane
Alemania FCI 235 - Molossoid - Dogo

It is an expensive dog, that he eats in proportion to his size and that when he is young he needs some care


Characteristics "Great Dane"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Great Dane" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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The Great Dane es la raza más antigua de la cría moderna de perros en Alemania. Since then it is considered by many as the Apollo among dogs – after the greek deity. And in fact, the Great Dane es un perro con un encanto especial y un carisma y elegancia únicos e impresionantes. The origin of this breed is only partially found in Germany. Already in the 16th century the Great Danes are said to have originated in England, as described in historical sources “cruzando el mastín con los galgos irlandeses”. The name “Dogge”, the old english word for dog, from which the current “Dog”, también habla de una línea de descendencia británica. However, este tipo de perro ya se crió en la antigüedad y se representaba en tablas de piedra.

Also on the European continent, old bull teethers regularly mated with greyhounds and hunting dogs, ya que estos resultados de los cruces se adaptaban perfectamente a las grandes cacerías de la nobleza de jabalíes, bears and wolves. Little by little, a breed of its own with molossi developed., Greyhound and some hunting dog blood. In 1867 the viennese cynologist Leopold Fitzinger distinguished three variants of Great Dane: el mastín común, english and danish. Even today the great danes They are called “Great Dane” in some languages. Modern analyzes by geneticists confirm the views of ancient cynologists about ancestors, and even assign them to greyhounds instead of molossians.

In 1888 the Club of the Great Dane en Berlín. Es el primer y más antiguo club de cría de perros con pedigrí de Alemania. The Great Dane modern should now become a representative companion and protector. It also, debería ser aún más elegante. Así que el estándar se adaptó a estas ideas. Fue posible lograr una mezcla extremadamente elegante y armoniosa de estos orígenes tan diferentes. The Great Dane combines the elegance and speed of hounds with the power and carefreeness of the molossians.

Physical characteristics

The Great Dane it is an extremely large and powerful dog but at the same time very elegant and sensitive. A male dog reaches a height at the cross of 80 cm., often even more. Bitches are slightly smaller. The Great Dane tiene un carisma único. The animal painter and dog connoisseur Richard Strebel already betrayed 1914 to the breeders of the Great Dane, the: “… they have created a dog that can be considered without exaggeration as the most successful in size, proportion, strength and graceful movement never created in dogs.” Unfortunately, este respeto no siempre se muestra en la cría de Great Dane. Regardless of your health, se utilizan para la cría extrema, the so-called gigantism, así como para juegos con genes defectuosos para colores de pelaje raros; genes that can also cause serious illness.

While around 1900 the height at the withers for males was 76 – 80 cm., el estándar de la FCI válido hoy en día dice “at least 80 cm.” sin ningún límite superior claro. This allows the Great Dane reach the dubious honor of the world's largest dog. Según el Libro Guinness de los Récords, this was the male Great Dane “Gibson” with 108 height cm. That was in August 2004. Gibson todavía alcanzó una edad de casi 7 years, pero los últimos años sólo en 3 legs. His record was expanded more and more.

“Zeus” de Michigan / EE.UU. reached a height of 112 cm and died with just 5 years, supposedly already in old age – Dubious records at the expense of dog welfare. The Great Dane it's impressive enough even without those dubious extremes. Its sovereign and elegant appearance is also highlighted by its silky coat. It is a very short coat, which is close to the muscular body with a slight shine. Colors are yellow or black, blue, tabby or stained.

  • Fur: Satin.
  • Color:
  • Leonado: yellow golden colour with black mask. The eyebrows and edges of the eyes must be black, While the ears and the tail may be clearer.
    – Striped: Fawn and black in a striped pattern.
    – Blue: Dark steel grey, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
    – Negro: Jet Black pure, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
    Arlequín: White with black patches. El Gran danés es la única raza que muestra este patrón de color en su pelaje.

  • Size: la alzada mínima para los machos es de 80 cm and for the females of 72 cm.


The Great Dane is often described as a gentle giant, but it is naturally protective when the situation requires it. He is loving and loves people, and those qualities should never be perverted by encouraging aggressive behavior.

In terms of character and size the Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Belongs exclusively to the hands of experienced dog owners, who can and want to be fully involved with the animal. So there is no more inspiring companion than this dog. El Canciller del Reich Otto von Bismarck, who was accompanied by great Danes all his life, he openly admired the intelligence and abilities of his great danes and is said to have said: “I have great respect for my dog's knowledge of human nature – it is faster and more complete than me.”

Great Danes love children, but they must learn to be nice to them. And a blow from that wagging tail will knock a little boy down, así que es importante supervisar sus interacciones. These large dogs can also learn to get along with other pets., especialmente cuando se crían con ellos.

A fenced yard is necessary to prevent the Great Dane go for a walk alone. Not usually a jumper, así que una valla de dos metros debería ser suficiente para mantenerlo contenido. Note that while adult Great Danes are quite calm, puppies are very active and enjoy digging in gardens..

Se podría pensar que el Great Dane it is more suitable for outdoor life due to its huge size, but it's just the opposite. Debería ser un perro de interior que sea parte de la familia. When that's the case, the Great Dane is loving, learns well and is easily trained. Left to his own fate, la cantidad de destrucción que puede hacer a su casa y a su jardín está más allá de la imaginación.

any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation, counter-browsing and other undesirable behaviors if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence. In the case of the Great Dane, years “adolescence” they can start at six months and continue until the dog is about two years old.

Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach you. Don't wait until you are six months old to start training or you will have to deal with a stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccinations (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see puppies daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.

The Great Dane perfect doesn't come fully formed out of the puppy box. It is a product of his background and upbringing. Look for one whose parents have good personalities and who have been well socialized since the puppy's young age.

Great Dane fitness

The maintenance of Great Dane it is very complex and expensive. Food in the required quality and quantity, possible veterinary and drug costs, direct and indirect transportation costs and more require a financially wealthy owner. Yes a Great Dane wants to sit on the couch, you need all the two-seater, at least. Los muebles hechos de imitación de cuero sólido han demostrado su valía aquí. The Great Dane should not be kept in a small apartment, mejor es una casa con jardín. Lo ideal sería vivir en una zona rural. Hectic urban centers are not the place where these big dogs feel comfortable. También el perro y el dueño a menudo se encuentran con el rechazo e incluso la hostilidad abierta aquí. This must be considered.

Scooby Doo

Fiction has made it one of the best-known dogs to the general public.. Scooby Doo character is a Great Dane.

The Great Dane it is a big dog that wants to have a lot of movement. However, he is hardly ever seen on the street, although with 1.200 puppies a year ranks ninth on the VDH bestseller hit list (German Canine Federation), even before dog breeds like the Bernese Mountain Dog or the Chihuahua, they are seen much more often on the streets. Often these giants are only locked up once they are past their puppy age and - poorly socialized and educated.- can no longer be managed by the owner who is not familiar with dogs. The Great Dane not a kennel dog. He is basically a family dog ​​and wants and needs the loving connection with his human family. Is smart and responsive. One should not think about what to do if this big dog, at times of 90 kg, is sick and has to be loaded. So, buying a Great Dane must be carefully considered.

Great Dane Education

The Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Its strength and potential danger require expert and loving socialization, education and guidance already in the puppies. Es sensible e inteligente y no perdona ningún error del propietario tan rápidamente. Le gusta que la guíen y la eduquen, pero no con ningún medio de coacción. Many normal dog training aids do not work with the Great Dane, simply because it is too strong. In case of doubt, even the strongest man will not wear the leash. Debido a la sobreexplotación y a una selección de cría orientada unilateralmente hacia las apariencias exteriores, hoy en día existen, although extremely rare, specimens with idiopathic aggressiveness, which then represent practically insoluble problems for an education.

Great Dane Health

Los grandes daneses también sufren una alta incidencia de cardiomiopatía, una enfermedad del músculo cardíaco que provoca el agrandamiento del corazón. Esto es muy común en muchos perros gigantes, y cuando se produce en una etapa tardía de la vida, can often be controlled with medication. Have your dog's heart checked at least once a year, y que cualquier soplo o síntoma inusual sea investigado por un cardiólogo veterinario certificado. This condition can also be genetic., but currently available tests can only rule out the dog at the moment; un perro podría descartar un día y desarrollar una enfermedad cardíaca al día siguiente.

Great Danes can also suffer from hip dysplasia, una malformación paralizante de la cavidad de la cadera que puede requerir una costosa cirugía para repararla y que puede resultar en una dolorosa artritis más adelante en la vida. Another genetic problem with an imperfect screening test, The best prevention for hip dysplasia at this time is to buy only a puppy whose parents have been tested with normal hips and who have very few close relatives with the disease.. Keep your dog slim, especially when young, can also help.

Another painful bone disease is hypertrophic osteodystrophy., that occurs during the puppy's rapid growth phase. Ask Your Vet About Large Breed Puppy Foods. These diets are formulated to help puppies grow slowly., which can help prevent developmental orthopedic problems.

Cancer is another major cause of death in the Great Dane, especially bone cancer. They are also prone to other skeletal problems, visual and neurological, both older and younger.
Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict if an animal will be free of these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) have been examined for common defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died of.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Great Dane with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Great Dane care

The Great Dane has a short coat, thick and smooth. Falls moderately, in other words, más de lo que se podría pensar, but it requires little cleaning. Brush into Danish weekly with a rubber glove or soft bristle brush to keep hair and skin healthy. In spring and autumn, will have a heavy shed, known as “blow” coat and will need to be brushed more frequently during that time to get rid of all loose hair.

Bathe Danish as you like or only when it gets dirty. Con los suaves champús para perros disponibles ahora, you can bathe a dane weekly if you want without damaging his coat.

The rest is basic care. Cut your toenails every few weeks. Long nails can catch on things and tear off. That is so painful, and bleed much. Cepíllese los dientes frecuentemente para una buena salud dental. Para prevenir las infecciones de oído, mantenga los oídos secos y limpios, using a cleaning solution recommended by your vet.

Nutrition / Food

The Great Dane consume large amounts of food. At the same time, this food must be of a very high quality and must be selectively composed during the growth phase, which lasts up to two years. When it comes to eating, a veces es muy rústico. Certainly not all, but some great danes don't have the best “Table Manners”. Así que puede ocurrir ocasionalmente que el perro, así como el lugar de alimentación debe ser limpiado después de comer. How to minimize the risk of stomach torsion in this predisposed breed through proper feeding management is very important.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy Great Dane has increased slightly from the extremely low level of 2004 with 6 years and 6 months to 7 years, según las estadísticas del British Kennel Club. As a general rule: the bigger and more unusual the coat color, less will be the life expectancy. Already at the age of 8 years a Great Dane es oficialmente considerado un viejo hoy en día. Sin el gigantismo y la cría saludable podría tener una esperanza de vida de 10 a 12 years.

Buy a Great Dane

Only puppies from parents with a maximum height of 80 cm to the cross and have the colors yellow, striped, black, spotted. It also, Care must be taken to avoid inbreeding to get a puppy Great Dane healthy. Uno debería saber qué edad tuvieron los antepasados de los cachorros. Those interested in dogs can find a Great Dane in one of the emergency initiatives for dogs and offer them a loving home. Maintaining Great Danes is very expensive. Acquisition costs can be negligible compared.

Images "Great Dane"


1 – Little Great Dane of 5 months, color negro by Eacampbell14 / CC BY-SA
3 – Great Dane by
4 – Great Dane by
5 – Perro Gran Danés Close-up retrato de un perro danés arlequín gran by dominio público
6 – Large size dog standing on woman wearing gray pullover hoodie on green open field at daytime by

Videos "Great Dane"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Section 2.1: Molossoid, mastiff type. Without working trial.


  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • AKC – Working dogs
  • CKC
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Non-Sporting
  • UKC – Watchdog

FCI breed standard "Great Dane"

FCIFCI - Great Dane

Alternative names:

    1. Deutsche Dogge, German Mastiff, Boarhound, Apollo of Dogs, Gentle Giant (English).
    2. Grand Danois (French).
    3. Ulmer Dogge, Englische Dogge, Dänische Dogge, Hatzrüde, Saupacker, Große Dogge (German).
    4. Grande dinamarquês, Alano tedesco (Portuguese).
    5. Dogo alemán, Alano alemán (español).
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