Great Dane
Alemania FCI 235 - Molossoid - Dogo

It is an expensive dog, that he eats in proportion to his size and that when he is young he needs some care


Characteristics "Great Dane"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Great Dane" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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The Great Dane is the oldest modern breed of dog breeding in Germany. Since then it is considered by many as the Apollo among dogs – after the greek deity. And in fact, the Great Dane it is a dog with a special charm and unique and impressive charisma and elegance. The origin of this breed is only partially found in Germany. Already in the 16th century the Great Danes are said to have originated in England, as described in historical sources “crossing the mastiff with the Irish greyhounds”. The name “Dogge”, the old english word for dog, from which the current “Dog”, also talks about a line of British descent. However, this type of dog was raised in ancient times and was represented on stone tablets.

Also on the European continent, old bull teethers regularly mated with greyhounds and hunting dogs, since these results of the crossings were perfectly adapted to the great hunts of the boar nobility, bears and wolves. Little by little, a breed of its own with molossi developed., Greyhound and some hunting dog blood. In 1867 the viennese cynologist Leopold Fitzinger distinguished three variants of Great Dane: the common mastiff, english and danish. Even today the great danes They are called “Great Dane” in some languages. Modern analyzes by geneticists confirm the views of ancient cynologists about ancestors, and even assign them to greyhounds instead of molossians.

In 1888 the Club of the Great Dane In Berlin. It is the first and oldest pedigree dog breeding club in Germany. The Great Dane modern should now become a representative companion and protector. In addition, it should be even more elegant. So the standard was adapted to these ideas. It was possible to achieve an extremely elegant and harmonious blend of these very different origins. The Great Dane combines the elegance and speed of hounds with the power and carefreeness of the molossians.

Physical characteristics

The Great Dane it is an extremely large and powerful dog but at the same time very elegant and sensitive. A male dog reaches a height at the cross of 80 cm., often even more. Bitches are slightly smaller. The Great Dane has a unique charisma. The animal painter and dog connoisseur Richard Strebel already betrayed 1914 to the breeders of the Great Dane, the: “… they have created a dog that can be considered without exaggeration as the most successful in size, proportion, strength and graceful movement never created in dogs.” Unfortunately, this respect is not always shown in the breeding of Great Dane. Regardless of your health, are used for extreme breeding, the so-called gigantism, as well as for games with defective genes for rare fur colors; genes that can also cause serious illness.

While around 1900 the height at the withers for males was 76 – 80 cm., the FCI standard valid today says “at least 80 cm.” without any clear upper limit. This allows the Great Dane reach the dubious honor of the world's largest dog. According to the Guinness Book of Records, this was the male Great Dane “Gibson” with 108 height cm. That was in August 2004. Gibson still reached an age of almost 7 years, but the last few years only in 3 legs. His record was expanded more and more.

“Zeus” de Michigan / EE.UU. reached a height of 112 cm and died with just 5 years, supposedly already in old age – Dubious records at the expense of dog welfare. The Great Dane it's impressive enough even without those dubious extremes. Its sovereign and elegant appearance is also highlighted by its silky coat. It is a very short coat, which is close to the muscular body with a slight shine. Colors are yellow or black, blue, tabby or stained.

  • Hair: Satin.
  • Color:
  • – Griffon: yellow golden colour with black mask. The eyebrows and edges of the eyes must be black, While the ears and the tail may be clearer.
    – Striped: Fawn and black in a striped pattern.
    – Blue: Dark steel grey, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
    – Black: Jet Black pure, allowing white markings on chest and legs.
    – Harlequin: White with black patches. The great Dane is the only race which shows this color pattern on her coat.

  • Size: the minimum height for males is 80 cm and for the females of 72 cm.


The Great Dane is often described as a gentle giant, but it is naturally protective when the situation requires it. He is loving and loves people, and those qualities should never be perverted by encouraging aggressive behavior.

In terms of character and size the Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Belongs exclusively to the hands of experienced dog owners, who can and want to be fully involved with the animal. So there is no more inspiring companion than this dog. El Canciller del Reich Otto von Bismarck, who was accompanied by great Danes all his life, he openly admired the intelligence and abilities of his great danes and is said to have said: “I have great respect for my dog's knowledge of human nature – it is faster and more complete than me.”

Great Danes love children, but they must learn to be nice to them. And a blow from that wagging tail will knock a little boy down, so it's important to monitor your interactions. These large dogs can also learn to get along with other pets., especially when they are raised with them.

A fenced yard is necessary to prevent the Great Dane go for a walk alone. Not usually a jumper, so a two meter fence should be enough to keep it contained. Note that while adult Great Danes are quite calm, puppies are very active and enjoy digging in gardens..

You would think that the Great Dane it is more suitable for outdoor life due to its huge size, but it's just the opposite. It should be an indoor dog that is part of the family. When that's the case, the Great Dane is loving, learns well and is easily trained. Left to his own fate, the amount of destruction it can do to your home and garden is beyond imagination.

any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation, counter-browsing and other undesirable behaviors if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence. In the case of the Great Dane, years “adolescence” they can start at six months and continue until the dog is about two years old.

Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach you. Don't wait until you are six months old to start training or you will have to deal with a stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make incredibly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.

The Great Dane perfect doesn't come fully formed out of the puppy box. It is a product of his background and upbringing. Look for one whose parents have good personalities and who have been well socialized since the puppy's young age.

Great Dane fitness

The maintenance of Great Dane it is very complex and expensive. Food in the required quality and quantity, possible veterinary and drug costs, direct and indirect transportation costs and more require a financially wealthy owner. Yes a Great Dane wants to sit on the couch, you need all the two-seater, at least. Furniture made of faux solid leather has proven its worth here. The Great Dane should not be kept in a small apartment, better is a house with a garden. The ideal would be to live in a rural area. Hectic urban centers are not the place where these big dogs feel comfortable. Also the dog and the owner often encounter rejection and even open hostility here. This must be considered.

Scooby Doo

Fiction has made it one of the best-known dogs for the general public. Scooby Doo character is a Great Dane.

The Great Dane it is a big dog that wants to have a lot of movement. However, he is hardly ever seen on the street, although with 1.200 puppies a year ranks ninth on the VDH bestseller hit list (German Canine Federation), even before dog breeds like the Bernese Mountain Dog or the Chihuahua, they are seen much more often on the streets. Often these giants are only locked up once they are past their puppy age and - poorly socialized and educated.- can no longer be managed by the owner who is not familiar with dogs. The Great Dane not a kennel dog. He is basically a family dog ​​and wants and needs the loving connection with his human family. Is smart and responsive. One should not think about what to do if this big dog, at times of 90 kg, is sick and has to be loaded. Therefore, buying a Great Dane must be carefully considered.

Great Dane Education

The Great Dane a dog is not for beginners. Its strength and potential danger require expert and loving socialization, education and guidance already in the puppies. It is sensitive and intelligent and does not forgive any mistake by the owner so quickly. She likes to be guided and educated, but not by any means of coercion. Many normal dog training aids do not work with the Great Dane, simply because it is too strong. In case of doubt, even the strongest man will not wear the leash. Due to overexploitation and breeding selection oriented unilaterally towards outward appearances, today there are, although extremely rare, specimens with idiopathic aggressiveness, which then represent practically insoluble problems for an education.

Great Dane Health

Great Danes also have a high incidence of cardiomyopathy, a disease of the heart muscle that causes an enlarged heart. This is very common in many giant dogs., and when it occurs late in life, can often be controlled with medication. Have your dog's heart checked at least once a year, and that any unusual murmurs or symptoms be investigated by a certified veterinary cardiologist. This condition can also be genetic., but currently available tests can only rule out the dog at the moment; a dog could rule out one day and develop heart disease the next day.

Great Danes can also suffer from hip dysplasia, a crippling malformation of the hip socket that may require expensive surgery to repair and can result in painful arthritis later in life. Another genetic problem with an imperfect screening test, The best prevention for hip dysplasia at this time is to buy only a puppy whose parents have been tested with normal hips and who have very few close relatives with the disease.. Keep your dog slim, especially when young, can also help.

Another painful bone disease is hypertrophic osteodystrophy., that occurs during the puppy's rapid growth phase. Ask Your Vet About Large Breed Puppy Foods. These diets are formulated to help puppies grow slowly., which can help prevent developmental orthopedic problems.

Cancer is another major cause of death in the Great Dane, especially bone cancer. They are also prone to other skeletal problems, visual and neurological, both older and younger.
Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Great Dane with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Great Dane care

The Great Dane has a short coat, thick and smooth. Falls moderately, in other words, more than you might think, but it requires little cleaning. Brush into Danish weekly with a rubber glove or soft bristle brush to keep hair and skin healthy. In spring and autumn, will have a heavy shed, known as “blow” coat and will need to be brushed more frequently during that time to get rid of all loose hair.

Bathe Danish as you like or only when it gets dirty. With the gentle dog shampoos available now, you can bathe a dane weekly if you want without damaging his coat.

The rest are basic care. Cut your toenails every few weeks. Long nails can catch on things and tear off. That is so painful, and bleed much. Brush your teeth frequently for good dental health. To prevent ear infections, keep ears dry and clean, using a cleaning solution recommended by your vet.

Nutrition / Food

The Great Dane consume large amounts of food. At the same time, this food must be of a very high quality and must be selectively composed during the growth phase, which lasts up to two years. When it comes to eating, sometimes it is very rustic. Certainly not all, but some great danes don't have the best “Table Manners”. So it can occasionally happen that the dog, as well as the feeding place must be cleaned after eating. How to minimize the risk of stomach torsion in this predisposed breed through proper feeding management is very important.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy Great Dane has increased slightly from the extremely low level of 2004 with 6 years and 6 months to 7 years, according to British Kennel Club statistics. As a general rule: the bigger and more unusual the coat color, less will be the life expectancy. Already at the age of 8 years a Great Dane is officially considered an old man today. Without gigantism and healthy breeding you could have a life expectancy of 10 - 12 years.

Buy a Great Dane

Only puppies from parents with a maximum height of 80 cm to the cross and have the colors yellow, striped, black, spotted. In addition, Care must be taken to avoid inbreeding to get a puppy Great Dane healthy. One should know how old the cubs' ancestors were. Those interested in dogs can find a Great Dane in one of the emergency initiatives for dogs and offer them a loving home. Maintaining Great Danes is very expensive. Acquisition costs can be negligible compared.

Images "Great Dane"


1 – Little Great Dane of 5 months, color negro by Eacampbell14 / CC BY-SA
3 – Great Dane by
4 – Great Dane by
5 – Great Dane dog Close-up portrait of a Great Dane Harlequin dog by public domain
6 – Large size dog standing on woman wearing gray pullover hoodie on green open field at daytime by

Videos "Great Dane"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossian breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle
  • Section 2.1: Molossoid, mastiff type. Without working trial.


  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • AKC – Working dogs
  • CKC
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Non-Sporting
  • UKC – Guard dog

FCI breed standard "Great Dane"

FCIFCI - Great Dane

Alternative names:

    1. Deutsche Dogge, German Mastiff, Boarhound, Apollo of Dogs, Gentle Giant (English).
    2. Grand Danois (French).
    3. Ulmer Dogge, Englische Dogge, Dänische Dogge, Hatzrüde, Saupacker, Große Dogge (German).
    4. Grande dinamarquês, Alano tedesco (Portuguese).
    5. Dogo alemán, Alano alemán (Spanish).
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