Hokkaido
Japón FCI 261 - Asian Spitz and related breeds

Hokkaido

The Hokkaido is still a very rare breed of dog, that you hardly ever see outside your home country.

Content

History

This ancient lineage of dogs, known today as Hokkaïdo (name of the second Japanese island, largest), It is also known as Kyushu or Ainu dog. According to historical data its existence dates back to year 1000 BC. The offspring of dogs Hokkaïdo, is uncertain, but some authors believe that they come from the Nordic dogs. The Hokkaido is, probably, the oldest Japanese purebred. Similar to the Scandinavian Spitz in appearance, also has features of the Chow Chow and of the Shar-Pei.

Since its origins has been used as a guard dog in the Hokkaïdo island, and, also, in hunting bears and other large animals.

In 1937, this breed was recognized as a Natural Heritage of the Japan, by the society for the preservation of Japanese races.

It is also a breed recognized by the FCI.

Rare monument of nature

The Hokkaido It is one of the oldest dog breeds in the Asian world and is part of the cultural heritage of the Japanese island. In 1937 Hokkaido was even declared “Monument of Nature” and has since been recognized and protected as a breed.

Due to the hard-to-reach regions of the island, the dogs kept their “pure blood” during centuries. Unlike Akita or Shiba Inu, who gave way to Europe long ago, the Hokkaido still a very rare breed of dog, that you hardly ever see outside your home country.

Physical characteristics

This is a dog's size medium; its height usually get to the 53 cm in males and the 48 cm in females. Its weight varies between the 20 and 30 Kg. Their life expectancy is around the 14 years.

The fur of this species is double: the sub-pelo is dense and soft and external hair is coarse and size medium or short. Their colors vary between the red fire, black and grey.

Character and skills

With regard to his temperament, Whereas it is a hunting and guard dog, We highlight features such as the bravery, impulsivity, agility and speed of movement.

Within the family, is a tame animal, Devoto, with a safe and protective temperament with children if it it accustomed it to their presence from small. However, tends to be distrustful with strangers, reason why you need a good training and re-education of their less sociable side.
They are very active dogs and it is necessary to provide good rides, long walks, workspace very well to the family but they need space, have garden in which to be at your own pace.

Hokkaido care

The coat of Hokkaido should be gently brushed regularly (about two or three times a week). You should even use the brush daily during the coat change to remove dead hairs from your dog.. In addition, Your dog's ears and teeth should be cleaned once or twice a week. To avoid injury, claws should also be trimmed regularly. You will hardly ever need to bathe your Hokkaido: first, he likes to jump into rivers or lakes and “bathing” there, in the second place, it is naturally very clean and thirdly, the skin's own protective barrier should not be attacked by a too frequent bath or even by dog ​​shampoo.

Hokkaido Health

In fact, possible inbreeding in the rearing of Hokkaido in Europe, since due to the rarity of this breed there are very few breeding dogs. Therefore, there is a realistic risk of undesirable hereditary diseases being introduced. A close look at the pedigree is worth it in any case and you can perhaps avoid any unpleasant surprises. Apart from the problem of inbreeding, the dogs of Hokkaido they are very robust and resistant to typical dog diseases. The life expectancy of healthy animals is between 9 and 15 years.

Hokkaido Nutrition

In addition to good genetic material, nutrition also has a decisive influence on the dog's health. Like descendants of the wolf, dogs are carnivores, this also applies to Hokkaido. The original dog especially likes fish. In his homeland., Japan, where it is still traditionally used for fishing and where salmon are fished on their way to spawning grounds with great skill and speed of reaction, this preference is not always appreciated – because the Hokkaido first he eats the fish caught by himself and only gives away some of his prey when he is full.

Ratings of Hokkaido

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Hokkaido” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

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Weight gain ?

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Health ?

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Tendency to bark ?

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Tendency to flee ?

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Hair loss force ?

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Suitable as a guard dog ?

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Joy ?

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Cat friendliness ?

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Hokkaido Videos

15 Things You Should Know About Ainu Dog
Hokkaido Puppy Katana

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 261
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 5: Asiatic Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.

FCI Hokkaido breed standard

Hokkaido FCI Hokkaido FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Seta, Ainu dog, Hokkaido-Ken (English).
    2. Aïnou, Ainu-ken, Hokkaïdo-ken (French).
    3. Hokkaido-Hund, Ainu-Hund, Ainu Inu, Hokkaido-Ken (German).
    4. Hokkaido (cão) (Portuguese).
    5. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Ainu Dog (Spanish).

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