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Hokkaido
Japón FCI 261 - Asian Spitz and related breeds

Hokkaido

The Hokkaido still a very rare breed of dog, who is hardly ever seen outside of his home country.

Content

History

This ancient lineage of dogs, known today as Hokkaïdo (name of the second Japanese island, largest), It is also known as Kyushu or Ainu dog. According to historical data, its existence dates back to the year 1000 A.C. The offspring of Hokkaido dogs, is uncertain, but some authors believe that they come from the Nordic dogs. The Hokkaido is, probably, the oldest Japanese purebred. Similar to the Scandinavian Spitz in appearance, also has features of the Chow Chow and of the Shar-Pei.

Since its origins it has been used as a guard dog in the Hokkaido Island, and, as well, in hunting bears and other large animals.

In 1937, this breed was recognized as a Natural Heritage of the Japan, by the society for the preservation of Japanese races.

It is also a breed recognized by the FCI.

Rare monument of nature

The Hokkaido It is one of the oldest dog breeds in the Asian world and is part of the cultural heritage of the Japanese island. In 1937 Hokkaido was even declared “Monument of Nature” and has since been recognized and protected as a breed.

Due to the difficult to access regions of the island, the dogs kept their “pure blood” during centuries. Unlike Akita or Shiba Inu, who gave way to Europe long ago, the Hokkaido still a very rare breed of dog, who is hardly ever seen outside of his home country.

Physical characteristics

This is a dog's size medium; its height usually get to the 53 cm in males and the 48 cm in females. Their weight varies between 20 and 30 Kg. Their life expectancy is around the 14 years.

The fur of this species is double: the sub-pelo is dense and soft and external hair is coarse and size medium or short. Its colors vary between fiery red, black and grey.

Character and skills

With regard to his temperament, Whereas it is a hunting and guard dog, we can highlight features such as bravery, impulsivity, agility and speed of movement.

Within the family, is a tame animal, Devoto, with a safe and protective temperament with children if he is accustomed to their presence from an early age. However, tends to be distrustful with strangers, reason why you need a good training and re-education of their less sociable side.
They are very active dogs and it is necessary to provide good rides, long walks, workspace very well to the family but they need space, have a garden where you can be at your leisure.

Hokkaido care

The coat of Hokkaido should be gently brushed regularly (about two or three times a week). You should even use the brush daily during the shedding to remove dead hair from your dog.. It also, Your dog's ears and teeth should be cleaned once or twice a week. To avoid injury, claws should also be trimmed regularly. You will hardly ever need to bathe your Hokkaido: first, likes to jump into rivers or lakes and “bathing” over there, in the second place, it is naturally very clean and thirdly, the skin's own protective barrier should not be attacked by too frequent bathing or even dog shampoo.

Hokkaido Health

In fact, a possible inbreeding in the breeding of Hokkaido in Europe, since due to the rarity of this breed there are very few breeding dogs. So, there is a realistic risk of undesirable hereditary diseases being introduced. A close look at the pedigree is worth it in any case and can perhaps prevent unpleasant surprises.. Apart from the problem of inbreeding, the dogs of Hokkaido They are very robust and resistant to typical dog diseases.. The life expectancy of healthy animals is between 9 and 15 years.

Hokkaido Nutrition

In addition to good genetic material, nutrition also has a decisive influence on the dog's health. Like descendants of the wolf, dogs are carnivores, this also applies to Hokkaido. The original dog especially likes fish. In his homeland., Japan, where it is still traditionally used for fishing and where salmon are caught on their way to spawning grounds with great skill and reaction speed, this preference is not always appreciated – because the Hokkaido first he eats the fish caught by himself and only gives away some of his prey when he is full.

Characteristics "Hokkaido"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Hokkaido" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

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Suitability of the apartment ?

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Can be alone all day ?

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Suitable as a first dog ?

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Weight gain ?

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Health ?

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Intelligence ?

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Kindness with child ?

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Tendency to bite ?

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Tendency to bark ?

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Tendency to flee ?

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hair loss strength ?

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Suitable as a guard dog ?

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Joy ?

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Cat friendliness ?

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Power level ?

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Videos "Hokkaido"

HTTPS://youtube.com/watch?v=Z34qpCIZ9YM
15 Things You Should Know About Ainu Dog
HTTPS://youtube.com/watch?v=ZDlVRoYaXKE
Hokkaido Puppy Katana

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION: 261
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial..

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Spitz-type dogs and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.


FCI breed standard "Hokkaido"

FCIFCI - Hokkaido
Hokkaido

Alternative names:

1. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Seta, Ainu dog, Hokkaido-Ken (English).
2. Aïnou, Ainu-ken, Hokkaïdo-ken (French).
3. Hokkaido-Hund, Ainu-Hund, Ainu Inu, Hokkaido-Ken (German).
4. Hokkaido (cão) (Portuguese).
5. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Ainu Dog (español).

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