Hokkaido
Japón FCI 261 - Asian Spitz and related breeds

Hokkaido

The Hokkaido still a very rare breed of dog, who is hardly ever seen outside of his home country.

Content

History

This ancient lineage of dogs, known today as Hokkaïdo (name of the second Japanese island, largest), It is also known as Kyushu or Ainu dog. Según datos históricos su existencia data de año 1000 A.C. La descendencia de los perros Hokkaïdo, is uncertain, but some authors believe that they come from the Nordic dogs. The Hokkaido is, probably, the oldest Japanese purebred. Similar to the Scandinavian Spitz in appearance, also has features of the Chow Chow and of the Shar-Pei.

Desde sus orígenes ha sido utilizado como perro de guardia en la Isla de Hokkaïdo, and, as well, in hunting bears and other large animals.

In 1937, this breed was recognized as a Natural Heritage of the Japan, by the society for the preservation of Japanese races.

It is also a breed recognized by the FCI.

Rare monument of nature

The Hokkaido It is one of the oldest dog breeds in the Asian world and is part of the cultural heritage of the Japanese island. In 1937 Hokkaido was even declared “Monument of Nature” and has since been recognized and protected as a breed.

Debido a las regiones de difícil acceso de la isla, the dogs kept their “pure blood” during centuries. Unlike Akita or Shiba Inu, who gave way to Europe long ago, the Hokkaido still a very rare breed of dog, who is hardly ever seen outside of his home country.

Physical characteristics

This is a dog's size medium; its height usually get to the 53 cm in males and the 48 cm in females. Su peso varía entre los 20 and 30 Kg. Their life expectancy is around the 14 years.

The fur of this species is double: the sub-pelo is dense and soft and external hair is coarse and size medium or short. Sus colores varían entre el rojo fuego, black and grey.

Character and skills

With regard to his temperament, Whereas it is a hunting and guard dog, podemos destacar características como la bravura, impulsivity, agility and speed of movement.

Within the family, is a tame animal, Devoto, con un temperamento seguro y protector con los niños si se lo habitúa a su presencia desde pequeños. However, tends to be distrustful with strangers, reason why you need a good training and re-education of their less sociable side.
They are very active dogs and it is necessary to provide good rides, long walks, workspace very well to the family but they need space, tener jardín en el que poder estar a su aire.

Hokkaido care

The coat of Hokkaido should be gently brushed regularly (about two or three times a week). Incluso deberías usar el cepillo diariamente durante el cambio de pelaje para quitarle los pelos muertos a tu perro. It also, los oídos y los dientes de su perro deben limpiarse una o dos veces por semana. To avoid injury, claws should also be trimmed regularly. You will hardly ever need to bathe your Hokkaido: first, le gusta saltar a los ríos o lagos y “bathing” allí, in the second place, it is naturally very clean and thirdly, la propia barrera protectora de la piel no debe ser atacada por un baño demasiado frecuente o incluso por el champú para perros.

Hokkaido Health

In fact, no se excluye una posible endogamia en la cría de Hokkaido in Europe, ya que debido a la rareza de esta raza hay muy pocos perros de cría. So, there is a realistic risk of undesirable hereditary diseases being introduced. Una mirada de cerca al pedigrí vale la pena en cualquier caso y tal vez pueda evitar sorpresas desagradables. Apart from the problem of inbreeding, the dogs of Hokkaido son muy robustos y resistentes a las enfermedades típicas de los perros. The life expectancy of healthy animals is between 9 and 15 years.

Hokkaido Nutrition

In addition to good genetic material, nutrition also has a decisive influence on the dog's health. Like descendants of the wolf, los perros son carnívoros, this also applies to Hokkaido. The original dog especially likes fish. In his homeland., Japan, donde todavía se utiliza tradicionalmente para la pesca y donde se pesca el salmón en su camino a las zonas de desove con gran habilidad y velocidad de reacción, this preference is not always appreciated – because the Hokkaido first he eats the fish caught by himself and only gives away some of his prey when he is full.

Characteristics "Hokkaido"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Hokkaido" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

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Suitability of the apartment ?

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Can be alone all day ?

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Suitable as a first dog ?

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Weight gain ?

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Health ?

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Intelligence ?

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Kindness with child ?

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Tendency to bite ?

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Tendency to bark ?

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Tendency to flee ?

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hair loss strength ?

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Suitable as a guard dog ?

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Joy ?

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Cat friendliness ?

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Power level ?

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Videos "Hokkaido"

15 Things You Should Know About Ainu Dog
Hokkaido Puppy Katana

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION: 261
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial..

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Spitz-type dogs and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.


FCI breed standard "Hokkaido"

FCIFCI - Hokkaido
Hokkaido

Alternative names:

    1. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Seta, Ainu dog, Hokkaido-Ken (English).
    2. Aïnou, Ainu-ken, Hokkaïdo-ken (French).
    3. Hokkaido-Hund, Ainu-Hund, Ainu Inu, Hokkaido-Ken (German).
    4. Hokkaido (cão) (Portuguese).
    5. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Ainu Dog (español).
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