The Shar Pei (in Chinese 沙皮狗 and in pinyin shāpí gǒu) It is a Chinese breed of dogs than there are news from about the year 206 to. C. He was also the animal symbol of the Hang dynasty. The meaning of Shar Pei in Chinese is sand skin.
This race was used as the guardian of tombs in their origins, later it was used as dog defense, in dog fighting, and finally as a pet. In the Decade of the 60, Shar Pei was on the verge of disappearing because of the persecution of the Communist regime of the People's Republic of China against pets, which he considered to be symbols of the bourgeoisie and an unnecessary waste of food.
When is puppy, the Shar Pei has many wrinkles, but as they mature, These wrinkles disappear, Since “they stretch in your skin” (then they are located on the face). The Shar Pei in 1978 they were named as one of the dog breeds more rare in the world and the American Kennel Club did not recognize the breed until 1991.
It is currently classified as a hunting dog and save, the family of the Molosos. Listed as a group II according to the FCI.
The name comes from two Chinese ideograms: “Sha”, that means “sand”, and “PI”, that means “skin”. I.e. “skin of sand”. It is not known if this name was given by the texture of fur, by its major, or by referring to the sand dunes of the desert.
The origin of the Shar Pei dates back to the 2nd century, When reigning dynasty Hang in China. It is believed that its origins are the Tibetan Mastiff and the Chow Chow, with whom she shares many similarities (including blue tongue).
Its origin is difficult to fix because there are no documents indicating us with certainty the date of appearance of the breed. Much of the material that could have helped to answer our questions was destroyed by the Emperor Chin Shih about the year 255 before Christ.
Shar Pei lived for centuries in the southern coast of China. There for many years it was used by Chinese peasants as dog for guarding the flock, for wild boar hunting, and as a watchdog.
It is thought that the extreme poverty of the people in China, After the war, and the difficulty of getting food reserves, it weakened the races and caused its deterioration throughout the territory.
To take the power the Communists over the years 40, domestic dogs were considered a luxury, that principle meant heavy fines to all owners of dogs of any breed. Later, in 1947, was decreed that the dogs should serve as a food, to combat hunger in the population. Towards 1950 only a few examples of Shar Pei survived in Hong Kong and Macau.
Over the years 60 a small group of people in Hong Kong takes first steps in order to preserve the race already almost total extinction. These people include Matgo Law. As a first step initiated a collection of Shar Pei, leading to Hong Kong in such a way that a program to restore the race could be developed.
These fans, fearing that someday Hong Kong happens to be part of China, and that therefore all dogs had the same end to parents, they decided to save the race exporting abroad. So wrote to Marjorie Farnsworth, He was editor of a magazine called Dogs, It had recently published an article on races in danger of extinction. In the letter, Matgo Law attached pictures and he explained his program. The letter ended with a request for assistance addressed to the American canófilos. The publication of the letter in the magazine, along with the photos, It was that Shar Pei found his ultimate salvation.
It is said that the history of the race can begin with China Hang dynasty (from the 206 before Christ until the 220 a.d.), Thus, We are talking about one of the oldest existing breeds. About the place of origin refers to Let DHA (Tai Leh), in the Chinese province of Tung, Although other hypotheses say that the place could have been the province of Fushan. There are statues of this era that can make us remember the Shar Pei with a curved tail and with a similar expression to which we know today, Although again I repeat they are only hypothesis.
About races that the Shar Pei descends not known accurately; with much certainty is thought to be the Chow Chow on Shar Pei, in part because of their pigmentation in blue tone of your language. Usually says that only these two races have this feature, This is wrong and that there are other not known Asian races who also have Pigmented, another animal with this color of language is the polar bear. It can be said that the Shar Pei or one of its predecessors, as it could be the Dog Fighting Dah-Let, It was used as a dog fight, with powerful enough teeth to rip the skin of his opponent and a tough and greasy hair that was difficult to rip by his opponent; the amount and flexibility of the skin would also be difficult to sustain the mouth of the rival; the amount of wrinkles was important, that too many wrinkles and skin it desgarraría with ease, as well as a few wrinkles they did not give the animal sufficient protection. Also important was the size of the ears, It should be large enough to cover the auricular Pavilion, that big ears would benefit his rival.
The line of the Shar Pei today is called the American, they are smaller, thicker, with more pronounced wrinkles, more heavy aspect, the thicker snout and longer hair in general. Your head should be well-proportioned, without being too large, highlighting the wrinkles of the forehead. These wrinkles are very important and characterize the race. They represent the Chinese sign of longevity and are like the claw of the Dragon.
The skull should be round and large at the base, but flat and wide in the front. The stop should be moderated, giving way to a large and broad nose, preferably black. The muzzle should be wide at its base and strengthen slightly in the nose. The lips and the top of the snout are fleshy and sometimes give rise to a small lump on the nose. Complete denture does not allow the absence of any piece and should be one in a perfect scissor bite. His dark eyes, with undesirable light colors, the role of the eyelids must not be interrupted by the wrinkles. The small ears, shape of triangle, slightly rounded at the tips, They must be directed forwards and taped to the head.
The puppy should have his body full of folds. The adult has wrinkles in the head and the cross and a beautiful double chin. His body should be square, with a wide and deep chest, a strong, straight back, with a queue that will be held in high and curved in one or two laps, leaving the anus, You will be directed upwards. The hair is very short, never more than 2 centimeters, should never cut you; allow all colours with the condition that is a single color. Shar Pei measured between 48 and 58 cm., with a weight of 18 to 29 kg.
There is a popular belief that there is a sub-raza, call “Minipei“, that is a Shar Pei with permanent aspect of puppy, that does not grow or loses its wrinkles. This is not true. Such specimens are Shar Pei that have not developed correctly and that they would be automatically deleted in a beauty contest, in the case of females are smaller than males.
It is thought that they were used as hunting dogs, in the wild boar, as well as served as guard dogs.
Any dog that is used as the guardian is referred to in China “dog fight” as well as dogs of warriors. This should not lead us to deception about the nature of the Shar Pei, so the fame of these dogs to be problematic is false, is more, they are very loyal and loving.
It is currently used mostly as a companion dog.
Shar Pei is known for its serene and balanced temperament. It is an independent animal and a single master. Depending on the animal and its breeding, Sometimes it may seem like autistic. His character resembles a cat, even in his way of playing with using objects “zarpazos”.
Naughty puppy, Shar Pei can cause serious damage to certain rooms of the House during its first years of life, especially to those in the plentiful wood. Therefore it is very important that is channelled the tendency to bite into teethers or appropriate toys, thus avoids it damaged the furniture.
But entering adulthood his character changes for good and becomes less “naughty” and more quiet and sedentary. Due to this tendency to a sedentary lifestyle is important for the owner of the Shar Pei that tip it with a walk at least 3 times a day and a proper diet. There is no such physical activity is likely to increase in weight. Physical activity also provides a psychological balance dog, bringing discipline and energy expenditure.
It shows a slight indifference to strangers, and develops the role of guard dog to perfection, Although he is very loyal and affectionate with family.
His rather obstinate character, forced to use methods of training in which corporal punishment must be eradicated, because in addition to not obey promotes so aggressive. Shar Pei Puppy should be treated with much affection and be careful in these training methods that the violence makes it an insecure and aggressive dog. It will be easy to train with rewards in the form of “Candy”, crackers or food that does not take often.
In its relationship with the other animals says his hierarchical approach, It is extremely important socialization from puppy, You must live with other dogs from an early age, meet others who do not belong to the “manada-Familia” and establish ties as well as rules for coexistence.
The Shar Pei is very friendly when you treat them well, the majority of times when they bite, is when jalan you whiskers, they touch the ears inside, or they mistreat them.
Wrinkles are more plentiful when the Shar Pei is a puppy, in most cases, as the dog will grow most of the wrinkles are losing, and retain only those that are in the area of the head and neck. Specifically grow you wrinkles from the 0 until the 5 months and the 8 months have the form will have adult.
There is the belief that, because of its wrinkles, the Shar Pei has a tendency to suffer from dermal diseases, but this is not true, because the incidence of these infections is not superior to which can be in other races, not needing a few larger than any other dog care.
A common disease of this race is the entropion, occurs when the edge of the eyelid folds or reverses in direction of the surface of the eye. Contact and even more touching tabs cause a characteristic of the eye and eventually anger, ulceration and scarring of the cornea. While not exclusive of this race, Yes it has an incidence higher than the average for the type of skin of the animal and its wrinkles. It is especially common in American Shar Pei, also giving cases in the Shar Pei Chinese.
A procedure recommended in the case of the disease, It is the suturing of the eyelids at an early age to prevent eye damage. This is done on a temporary basis already that some copies at the end of its development do not require permanent surgery which consists of removing small portions of skin in the upper and lower eyelids of the animal.