The Shiba Inu is a very ancient race, But despite its antiquity is not classified by the FCI within the Group “Primitive dogs“, but as “Dogs Spitz“. Its origins are emerging in South Asia, registering the first signs of the arrival of this dog in the Japan on the year 2000 BC. and they were descendants of wild dogs in the South of China.
The Shiba Inu was bred originally for hunting. It is similar in appearance to the Akita Inu, Although it is much smaller in stature. Is one of the few breeds of dog old that still exist in today's world.
Like most Japanese dogs, It was used originally for hunting in the mountains very accidentadas and populated from the Centre of the country. It was also used in forests where dwelt the pheasant of mountain (the yamadori) and other prey of feathers and even small mammals. It is said that he also hunted foxes and Roe deer. The Habitat of the Shiba was the mountainous area to the sea of Japan.
At the end of the 19th century it was about to go hunting become a sport, fact that facilitated the introduction into the country from other European breeds dogs, especially Setter and Pointer, and the cross between different breeds, going to be difficult to find a pure Shiba.
Fortunately and thanks to the collaboration between intellectuals and hunters joined efforts to safeguard the breed and maintain inbred lines. In the middle of World War II again was on the verge of disappearing breed, three lines of blood can save: the San In Shiba, MINO Shiba and Shin Shu Shiba, the latter being the most popular. From these three lines developed the current Shiba Inu.
In 1920 He applied the name of “Shiba” the race (Inu only means “dog” in Japanese) and in 1934 was made the standard of the breed, declaring “natural monument of the Japan” three years later, fact that would demonstrate the interest of the Japanese people to preserve and protect their autochthonous dog breeds.
After this difficult journey to our current era Shiba Inu has become the typical Japanese company dog, and despite the fact that several European races are have been introduced in recent years with force in Japan, We can say that the Shiba continues companion dog for excellence within Japanese culture.
This small dog has been called Shiba long, Several theories about the development of that name. 犬 "Inu" is the Japanese Kanji What dog, but the meaning of the kanji 柴 “"shiba" is not very clear and has three possible origins.
- A first popular explanation is that the word Shiba means “small shrub” and that this race was called so, just by being used in hunting small animals hiding among bushes.
- A second explanation to this same kanji is due to the fur of the animal, reddish, similar to the color of these bushes at the time of autumn.
- A third theory is that of the ancient meaning of “Shiba”, referring to “small” or “little”, Despite the fact that it is deprecated this definition from long ago.
Then there is conjecture that combines these possible explanations, referring to this animal as “small dog of the shrub”.
All current dogs are genetically contemporary, but all are from the Wolf, from the Chihuahua to the Tosa Inu (even if they have been created under the influence of the man's hand), in different ways have retained hereditary characteristics (whether internal or external) of its “father” the Wolf, of which some have remained almost intact while others have disappeared with the passing of the years, the junctions between different dogs or the adaptation of the animal habitat.
One of the scientists of higher reputation in the study of the Wolf, Dr. Trumler Eberhard, determined the current dogs have beneficial features different herederados the, such as social skills and sense of camaraderie. Thanks to this fact the domestication of wild dogs by man was achieved, with the price of this “flexibility” and this ability of sociability in adapting is just is that we can measure the wild animal (wolfishness) and will be higher or lower depending on each race, detected that spitz dogs ’ s (including the Japanese) and primitives have this side “Wild” It is relatively strong for their connection and great genetic homogeneity detected in the races that encompass these groups.
In the year 2004, a study by the University of Washington on the genetic structure of the dog domestic offered great results that marked the knowledge of the origin of the current order Carnivora and its kinship with the Wolf, impressing more experts on the material even. In this study were working on a sample of 424 dogs representing 85 races of different geographical areas and resulted in the grouping of certain races based on their genetic proximity to the gray wolf.
In 2004, a scale micro by a group of researchers from the University of Washington in the genetic structure of the domestic dog has been reported in a result that surprised even the experts. In this study of 424 dogs that represent 85 breeds of dogs in the world have been analyzed in terms of its genetic proximity with the Gray Wolf and, At last, grouped into five different groups. In this way, a group of races appeared to show a strong wolves genetic relationship.
Shiba Inu also belongs to this group and their genetic proximity with the Wolf, It occupies the second place after the Shar Pei. The following figure shows the results of the study, forming a tree will show the dog breeds that have greater proximity to the wolves. All other races outside of this group have only a vague genetic relationship with the Wolf.
More or less all modern dogs retain genetic material of their ancestors the wolves. After various DNA analysis it can be concluded that the Japanese races do not have a common origin, but they all derive from Asian ancestors (wolves and other Canids) It reached Japan by different routes, as the far East, China or Korea. By the same there is a common starting point, There is not an ancestor of where the rest of native races of this country diverge, but it is certain that, the Japanese Wolf played an important role in the genesis of these races.
According to Professor Tanabe Japanese and Asia/Middle East Northern dogs can be divided into three groups depending on their genetic origin:
- Group “A” with the Hokkaidō and the Ryukyu dog.
- Group “B” with Shiba San ’ in, the Japanese Tsushima, the Korean dog and dog Sakhalin.
- Group “C” with the Akita, the Kai, Kishu, the Mikawa, the Shikoku, the Satsuma, the Shiba Shinshu and the Mino Shiba.
The dogs of the Group “A” they are the result of the Jomon era and have maintained a constant genetic (homogeneous). The dogs of the Group “B” they are the most recent and are the result of the intersection between dogs Jomon and Yayoi dogs (It is estimated that they were the result of crosses around the s. A.d. VIII). Last but not least, the Group “C” they are the result of the stronger lines crossing during the Jomon era.
As can be seen with regard to the Shiba, its origins come from two different tracks, so we are not talking of a primitive dog, but a dog “doubly primitive”. These origins the Shiba Inu is closely linked to the rest of Japanese dogs (that is why there is a relative similarity between them) In addition to a strong bond with the Korean dogs. Despite the fact that the FCI not classified as “Primitive dog” We can certainly ensure that the word “primitive” characterized well to these dogs.
The Shiba Inu is a small dog, not very long hair with a rustic and energetic look, It resembles a miniature Akita, with small ears triangular, upright and slightly inclined forward. His neck is thick and robust. It is the reverse of the straight snout and well marked stop. It has wide forehead and cheeks well formed. The nose is dark almost black or black. It has small eyes, triangular with dark brown iris. It has a strong teeth and should form a bite of scissors.
It has a deep chest, arched ribs and a short back and right. The back is wide and powerful, has belly rather retracted. He has developed and well oblique shoulder, rights forearms, and elbows to the trunk. Feet are slightly rounded, with tough nails, dark and hard floors. Subsequent limbs are well-developed thigh and leg, a well right garrón. The feet, nails and soles are almost identical to the previous. Its tail is similar to the Spitz, thick, of medium length and high insertion, It presents good wound on the back or sickle.
It presents wire-haired, and a thin subpelo, smooth and dense, slightly longer and more in the direction to the queue. The double-glazing double hair tends to be reddish, Sesame (mix of red hair with black tips) black or white with spots color fire. All colors must have spots urajiro (between white and cream) cheeks, on the inside of the ears, on the sides and the bottom of the nose, in the throat, on the inner side of the members, in the abdomen and around the tail. Also allows the target in the Member, at the tip of the tail and spots over the eyes.
According to the standard dictated by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale, the Agency to promote and govern the cinología) the characteristic traits of the breed must be:
- GENERAL ASPECT: Small dog, robust and well proportioned. Strong neck and well muscular, attentive expression. Quick and easy movements dog, the height at the cross and the length must be a relationship of 10:11. It is a very active dog, docile, loyal to their owners.
- HEAD: Wide skull, stop well marked by presenting a light Groove, straight chamfer, black truffle, not very long snout, Tip and of moderate size. The lips should be well United. The teeth must be strong and close in scissor. Eyes small and slightly triangular, well separated one from another and dark brown. The ears are triangular, small and straight, slightly inclined forward.
- NECK: It must be strong and well proportioned in relation to the body and head.
- BODY: Back straight and short, back right and solid. At the height of the wide and muscular kidneys. Deep chest, slightly outputs ribs and well collected belly.
- PREVIOUS MEMBERS: Moderately oblique shoulders.
- LATER MEMBERS: The legs are long and the short but well-developed legs
- FEET: With well closed and very curved fingers. The pads are hard and elastic. The nails are dark preference duras.
- TAIL: High implementation, thick and coiled to sickle-shaped dorsal.
- HAIR: Short, rough and right; the subpelo is soft and dense. Tail hair is slightly longer and forwarding.
- COLOR: Red, black and tan (Black & So) and Sesame (Blend of white hairs), black and Red. The white color is not accepted for exhibitions or beauty competitions governed by the FCI.All these colors must submit the “URAJIRO”. The “urajiro” It is white hair on the sides of the snout on the cheeks, under the jaw, on the throat, Breast and belly, the lower part of the tail and the inner part of the Member.
- MOVEMENT: Light and quick step.
- SIZE: Male- 40 cm.. and female- 37 cm.. (It tolerates 1'5 cm above or below the height).
Character and skills
The Shiba Inu, they are usually independent and intelligent dogs. Perhaps this independence, It has led to that many owners have expressed some difficulty with regard to the training of your dog. Socialization in the early years of life is essential.
This feature of independence and intelligence, often associated with breeds of dog old as Shiba Inu, for example.
Very often dogs territorial, for that reason it is recommended to always have a good belt of subject, and because of their strong prey instinct it is convenient to let him run freely in areas that are protected both vehicles and other dogs, especially if male.
Beyond these details, insist, with an early and adequate socialization Shiba Inu can perfectly coexist with other pets, especially with cats because that gets on very well with them. Also, they get along well with children of the House, If the dog is respected.
The official breed standard defines a Shiba Inu as a good-natured dog, balanced, decent and with a natural beauty.
It is usually very reserved with strangers but is loyal and affectionate with his family and those who earn their respect.
Some experts, They define Shiba Inu as a dog very demanding and with an urgent need for staying clean. Something very typical is to see them lick the feet and legs as if they were a cat.
They are easy to train, for example, from very small it is very easy to get to make their needs outside the House. Simply, to get them out after every meal they interpreted that this is the way.
Another distinctive feature of the breed is called “cry Shiba“. When is the dog very angry or sad, tends to produce a high-pitched cry. That cry, usually, usually they give when workouts do not feel at all comfortable.
That same sound, either a similar, can emit it also the moment of joy, for example, when one arrives home after having spent several hours outside.
To finish, they are very, very affectionate but in its own way, without empalagar.
Otros nombres: Shiba / Japanese Shiba Inu / Japanese Small Size Dog / Shiba Ken
Group 5 / section 5 -Asian Spitz and related breeds.