Ariège Pointer
Francia FCI 177 . Braque Type

Ariège Pointer

The Ariège Pointer it is a quiet breed of dog, although sometimes stubborn, what is common among hunting dogs.

Content

History

The Ariège Braco is a breed of French dog that comes from, as its name implies, from the department of Ariège, located on the Franco-Spanish border.

There are different theories about its origins. However, the most common theory is that it descends from the old French Pointer, that was crossed in the 19th century with Braques of southern stock, with white and orange coats to give it more lightness and activity.

In addition, looks a lot like the white and orange dogs painted in Jean-Baptiste Oudry's paintings (1686-1755), famous for his paintings of hunting scenes. Therefore, It does not seem illogical that cynologists have attributed this dog to him as an ancestor.

Despite its official recognition by the F.C.I. (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) in 1955, the second half of the twentieth century was almost fatal for the Ariège Pointer. However, some Ariège hunters continued to use it, which prevented the breed from completely disappearing.

In 1989, a team of fans of the breed decided to dedicate themselves to its survival, having noticed that there were no more Ariège Pointer registered in the LOF (French Origins Book) from 1964.

The Club du Braque de l’Ariège was thus created the following year, with the mission of contributing to the safeguarding and promotion of this breed, but also to centralize all the information to identify the specimens that would be found in France in the breeders, hunters or other fans of this dog.

The operation was generally a success. Like this, the increase in births meant that in 1999, less than 10 years later, the symbolic milestone of the 50 Ariège Pointer listed in TFO. The trend has continued, since today there are more than 350 specimens in TFO, many of whom have won prizes in beauty or hunting contests.

However, the breed has spread relatively little outside its homeland, since most breeders and owners of the Ariège Pointer are located in the south-west of France, although there are also some scattered throughout the rest of the country.

At the international level, the Ariège Pointer was officially recognized in 2006 by the UKC (United Kennel Club), one of the leading canine organizations in the United States. However, the UKC is an exception, since the other large national canine organizations do not yet recognize the breed. It's still very difficult, yes not impossible, acquire a Ariège Pointer outside france.

Photo: Ariege Pointer, male. Colour: orange & white by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Vigorous and powerful, the Ariège Pointer has a certain elegance. His musculature is prominent and harmonious, and its well drawn lines.

Usually pale orange or brown fawn in color, there are also speckled white and trout. Its great characteristic is that the color of its nose is more often in harmony with that of its fur.

His hair is short and shiny and his head is long, angulosa, without a very pronounced stop.

His tail is low and long, in contrast to his ears, that are thin and well positioned above the eye line.

At last, the eyes of the Ariège Pointer they are oval shaped, dark amber or brown. Her frank and gentle eyes will easily seduce humans who cross her path.

Character and skills

The Ariège Pointer it is a quiet breed of dog, although sometimes stubborn, what is common among hunting dogs. He is also a very intelligent dog.

Adapted to all types of hunting and considered one of the best hunting dogs that exist, thanks in particular to his excellent sense of smell, his great stamina and unerring determination, it is effective in all types of hunting and on all terrains.

The Ariège Pointer it is also very resistant and adapts easily to all weather situations, although it is still more comfortable in the cold than in the tropics.

Very sensitive and affectionate with his master and his relatives, is docile, Gentile, easy to train, and therefore it is an excellent pet.

May be in contact with other animals, in any case congeners or other species of the same size, especially if you've gotten used to them from a young age as part of puppy socialization. On the other hand, his innate hunting instinct could lead him to attack small potential prey. Therefore, it is better to avoid sharing your daily life with a rabbit, a rat or other game that awakens their deep stalker nature.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to keep it on a leash when in town. On the other hand, if your education is not lacking, it's conceivable – and even desirable – let it go when in the field, so it can be spent, as this is necessary for your physical and psychological well-being.

In effect, the Ariège Pointer remains a lively, independent dog who needs daily exercise and is happy to take part in long walks or bike rides. It is a recommended breed of dog for an athletic owner, since you can't settle for a few relatively short outings to relieve yourself.

They can live in the city, but only if they have a garden. The latter does not make it less necessary to offer you long walks, Every day, ideally in the middle of nature. In addition, if you live in the city, it is advisable to accustom it from a young age to crowds and traffic, for example to avoid encountering a dog that runs behind cars.

Education

The Ariège Pointer has an innate aptitude for hunting, but he still deserves to be educated as soon as possible to consolidate his knowledge and teach him the fundamental commands of hunting (stop, stand up, report…).

Whether it is intended to be used as a working dog or simply as a companion dog, it is recommended to train it with patience and delicacy, since it is endowed with great sensitivity. If you don't, you risk getting upset and discouraged, and restoring trust between the owner and his animal is then a long and arduous task.

In any case, either during your education or at any time after, the owner must be calm, attentive and balanced to curb the very dynamic burning of your partner.

Health

The Ariège Pointer it is a robust dog with an iron constitution and without particular pathology.

Grooming

A weekly brushing of the dog's coat is sufficient, since the Ariège Pointer does not need much maintenance.

Having said that, like any hunting dog, the dog's ears should be systematically cleaned when he returns home, in order to remove any leaves or dirt that may have lodged there.

This special attention to its ears is also valid if it is only used as a companion dog, as lop-eared dog breeds are at higher risk of ear problems.

Buy a “Ariège Pointer”

The price of a puppy Ariège Pointer in a hatchery is between 600 and 800 EUR. There is generally no price difference between a male and a female.

Characteristics “Ariège Pointer”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Ariège Pointer” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “Ariège Pointer”

Braque de l’Ariège
Braque de l’Ariège

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 177
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard “Ariège Pointer”

FCIFCI – “Ariège Pointer”
Braco del Ariège FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Ariege Pointing Dog (English).
    2. braque de Toulouse, braque du Midi (French).
    3. Braque de l’Ariège (German).
    4. (em francês: Braque de l’Ariège) (Portuguese).
    5. Braco de Ariège (Spanish).

Alaskan Malamute
Estados Unidos FCI 243 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

Alaskan Malamute

The Alaskan Malamute It has a reputation for being stubborn and difficult to train between people do not know.

Content

Alaskan Malamute History

Also called Mally. It is native to the Arctic dog, and one of the oldest breeds within the sledge dogs.

It's a dog with a strong appearance, strong, with good musculature. It is capable of carrying significant weight (until 20 kg) for tens of kilometres. This is a very ancient race, from the first races of sled dogs.

Raised by a tribe of Inuit call mahlemiut. The meaning of the word mahle It is unknown, but it is known that mouse means “town of”. Mahlemiut as Mahle people can therefore be interpreted. Following the English phonetics, diction is then transformed into MALAMUTE.

The area inhabited by the people of the MALAMUTE were the banks of Kotzebue Sound, a territory between two large rivers: the Kobuk and the Noatak. Men and women of the tribe mahlemiut (MALAMUTE) They were highly prized among others Inuit tribes for their courage, his pride and his skill in hunting and fishing.

    These dogs were famous for their beauty and characteristics of strength and endurance, they did of them optimal elements for shooting.

They were, in general, larger and more powerful than the other Nordic dogs, with similar in appearance to the Wolf and large and soft tails carried on the back. Contemporary witnesses tell it between 1870 and 1880 approximately, the caribou, for unexplained reasons, They changed their usual migration routes and taking away the Malamute tribes an important source of livelihood.

In these conditions families no longer could afford keep groups of dogs trained for more than two or three copies: testimonies of the time talking about men, women and even children helped their dogs to pull the sledges. So the population began to decline and the way they ran their dogs.

Its ability to carry heavy loads it is revealed when he is chosen for expeditions to the Arctic Circle, as the two who placed the Admiral Byrd. They were also used as a rescue of injured dog in World War II.

His presence, always with the head-up, It gives some impressive aspect that, However, It is not at odds with a very friendly and playful character with their owners, Although it gives the impression of being a very serious dog anyone that knows no race.

Physical characteristics Alaskan Malamute

It has two layers hair: an external, thick and rough, and an internal feel oily and woolly, and it is longer in the area of the neck and shoulders, on the back and the tail. Its color It is predominantly gray but colors ranging from white to reddish sand allowed.

The tail is well covered and is carried over the back; has the appearance of a feather bush that sways.

The Malamute stands upright on its legs and embodies the pride and great joy of movement with its upright head posture and alert radiating eyes., interest and curiosity. His head is wide. Ears are triangular and are pricked when attention is drawn. The muzzle is massive and tapers only slightly from the base to the nose. It is neither pointed nor long nor short and thick. … The Malamute must have heavy bones and powerful legs, good legs, a deep chest, powerful shoulders and all the other physical conditions you need to do your job efficiently. Your movement should be smooth, harmonious, tireless and completely efficient. He was not bred as a racing sled dog for speed competitions.

In contrast to other races, When it gets wet is not drastically reduced its size.

There are different colors in the Alaskan Malamute, Black with white, coffee, reddish and recently found a color of white Malamute. The history of this color is equal to of the Siberian Husky; they are white to camouflage in the snow and thus be able to catch prey.

How big is an Alaskan Malamute?

Malamutes have a height at the withers of 64 cm in males and 59 centimeters in females. The weight is between 34 and 38 kg.

How long can an Alaskan Malamute live??

His life expectancy is more than 12 years.

Character and skills Alaskan Malamute

It is a sled dog with ancient origins, little changed from its origin Wolf. This does not mean that it is aggressive. While his appearance and pride can impress the external observer, It's a playful animal (When you are invited to do so), faithful to his master and a great protective instinct with children.

It is a dog outside, She loves the outdoors and is happy to live in the open air; If locks it after a fence, It is very likely that finding the way to escape, because likes freedom and not lose a chance to go in search of an adventure or a career.

Shyness is usually not a good sign, but fortunately, seems to be a pretty rare feature in this race and if it occurs it may be due to causes outside of the animal genetics and having been produced by an owner who has failed to give a proper socialization, keeping it locked and devoid of psychic stimuli, interaction with the same kind and a very limited human contact. If it detects, It should be monitored and provide training to overcome the problem, that otherwise his behavior may become unpredictable and therefore dangerous.

On the other hand, given the way of Eskimo and nomadic life share everything, is not a race of protection, but it can be a good Dog Alert, It will notify the owner that he sees something strange, with the so particular sound it emits, It is a combination between howl and bark.

    It is not a dog to guard and defense than by nature tend to be friendly with humans.

As a result of his former life, It is a dog with strong herd instinct and hierarchy, which results in frequent attacks with other animals. In addition, males are very territorial and competitive among themselves so it is not advisable to accommodate them together. Females may be easier to train and better adapted to living in houses. This race like the company human, has huge doses of loyalty, love and willingness to work, What makes a good dog home.

It is affectionate with children, even with strangers, and he loves to accompany them on all sides. Because of its independent character is reputed to be stubborn and difficult to train among people who do not know. However, There are Malamutes champions working with blind obedience.

They are sensitive, affectionate and playful, but they know to protect themselves effectively. With a good training and socialization are balanced dogs, both physically and psychologically, because they have good potential for learning because they are quick to learn and acute reflexes.

Popular mixes

Mixtures of Alaskan Malamute with other dog breeds are common in the sled dog scene. Many mushers they try it to improve the performance of their dogs. Individuals who from the point of view of the mushers do not bring optimal performance against the sled, they are then sometimes in the shelter or offered as a companion dog.

Care, health and diseases

How much care does an Alaskan Malamute need?

The Alaskan Malamute needs regular brushing, at least weekly, of the coat. Change of coat, twice a year, is particularly intensive. Then your house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair, even though they brush it daily. But the main effort for its care is due to its nature as a sled dog.

Is there a typical Alaskan Malamute disease?

The Alaskan Malamute it is a very healthy breed of dog, as long as it is not bred in extreme form, which fortunately is seen very little so far: too heavy dogs with too short legs.

What food is best for an Alaskan Malamute?

The Alaskan Malamute is often a picky eater. The mushers they have secret recipes with treats to provide their dogs with enough energy before races. Like most dogs, likes a meaty beef bone and fresh meat.

Activities

The Alaskan Malamute has to work. This usually means its use as a sled dog.. An attitude like that of a farm or family dog ​​would not be appropriate for the species.

Considerations before purchase

Where can you buy an Alaskan Malamute?

If you are interested in a Alaskan Malamute, the first thing to do is visit some sled dog races. Then you should check if you want to spend at least the next ten years a common life, sporting and intensive with these dogs and also having the objective conditions for it. Then you should get information from a local breeder who is affiliated with a sled dog club.. If everything goes well, you will have a wonderful experience.

Breeding and maintenance

Is an Alaskan malamute good for me?

The Alaskan Malamute a dog is not for beginners. You have high demands on your attitude, stemming from its destiny as an original sled dog. All the lives of their caregivers, your human family must adjust to your needs. The real MALAMUTE needs the challenge to the sled physically and mentally. Here are several replacement possibilities even without snow. We see a kind of sled on wheels like a tricycle or a training car with four tires. Especially for Malamutes, drag competitions are organized, that are accepted by dogs with great joy and full commitment. Especially the sport of dogsledding has something very special. Driving with the sleigh of the MALAMUTE through a snowy landscape in winter is one of the greatest experiences of all.

It also allows you to experience a deep unity between man-dog and nature in a way that is hardly possible otherwise.. Of course it is also good for your health.

When traveling, it is better to take the MALAMUTE in an aluminum transport box. The Malamute is not a dog for an apartment. A house with a “garden” should be an ideal space for this breed.

The MALAMUTE it is one of the few dog breeds that can be kept as a pack in a kennel without any problem. But this kennel must be well secured. It is not that Malamutes are a danger to the environment, but they are kings of escape and they dig well and with gusto. You can hardly believe, through which little holes these heavy dogs can escape.

To the malamutes they like to sleep outside and snuggle with their head under their tail during the biggest snowstorm. The garden, where the Malamutes, should not be considered an ornamental garden, to put it in a nice way. The malamutes require the whole lifestyle to be in tune with this association.

The Alaskan Malamute can be well trained by an experienced dog owner. One must accept the challenge, even love, of fighting mentally with these primitive and self-assured dogs. They will gladly accept their masters and caregivers, will be loyal to them, but they must have leadership qualities combined with a lot of doggy mind. You have to fully commit to the experience of having a MALAMUTE. Not a dog for people without deep canine experience.

Alaskan Malamute photos

Alaskan Malamute videos

Ratings Alaskan Malamute

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Alaskan Malamute” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Exercise Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 5 / Section 1, Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • FCI 243, AKC, ANKC,CKC, KC, NZKC, UKC

Alternative names

    1. Alaskan Malamute, Mal, Mally (English).

    2. Malamute de l’Alaska (French).

    3. Alaskan Malamute (German).

    4. Malamute-do-alasca (Portuguese).

    5. Alaskan malamute (Spanish).

Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog
Marruecos FCI 247 - Molossoid . Mountain

aidi

The Aidi is highly energy, protective and extremely vigilant. Despite its resemblance to Sheepdogs, The Aidi is not one of them because there are no sheepdogs from the Atlas.

Content

Aidi video – Atlas Mountain Dog

History “Aidi”

The Aidi or “atlas dog” It is a breed of dog of Morocco. Traditionally, It has been used by the Berber shepherds of the Atlas as dog. Also stands out for its developed sense of smell.

The Aïdi is recognized as coming from Morocco, probably originating in the desert of the Sahara.

The Aidi it is not a sheepdog, There are no dogs pastors in the Atlas. It is a courageous dog, He has lived and worked in the Atlas of Morocco, Libya and Algeria, to protect its owner and its herd of wild cats, other predators, as well as strangers crossing on their way. A protective dog of the nomadic tribes of the desert, characterized by its high alert and aggressiveness that used to monitor the camp at night.

It is equipped with a great memory, If a person has made an affront, the Aidi will always remember him as an ENEMY!

The Aidi, Historically, It has not been much appreciated by the tribes race, like other races. Always rated the Sloughi race and other races regarded as noble.

However, the Moroccans have recently formed a club to protect the purity of the breed, that has contributed in many roles in their society, as protector, Hunter, police dog, and as pet. Although the Aidi has been used primarily as a working dog, for quite some time already, often used as a hunting dog.

Did You Know?

Despite its resemblance to a sheepdog, the Aidi It is not one of them since there are no shepherd dogs from the Atlas.

Physical characteristics “Aidi”

The Aïdi it is robust and powerful, with a body height of 52 - 62 centimeters. He is very muscular, rustic and strong, but it is not heavy. The broad and strong head shows small hanging ears and medium-sized dark eyes., whose colors range from dark amber to golden brown. The tail must reach at least to the hocks. In rest position hangs relaxed. In motion, the Atlas Shepherd you should carry it cheerfully, but not constantly curled over the back. The thicker and hairier the tail, best.

The Atlas Mountain Dog moves with wide and fairly flat movements. In a small and fast jog he seems tireless. The fur, which is otherwise medium long, is clearly shorter and finer on the face and ears. In the neck and throat form, especially in males, a mane. The colored strokes of the Aidi they are very varied. Often the fawn, brown and black combine in the coat.

Character and skills “Aidi”

It is a domestic animal (urban) and very good if given tasks and makes enough exercise to be satisfied and happy.

Nothing escapes your watchful eye and you don't hesitate for a second to avoid danger. Guarding and defending the goods entrusted to him is in the blood of Aïdi. Does not know fear and is very efficient in risky situations. In the circle of his family, the awesome Atlas Mountain Dog is loyal, well educated and affectionate. Out of this close circle of familiar attachment figures, not very sociable.

In France, the independent centre of education is working to train him to accompany and guide the blind.

Education and care “Aïdi”

A Aïdi you need a task that you can live with all your guardian passion. The most affectionate social contact with your family should not be neglected. The Aïdi not a herding dog in the sense of European herding dogs. Protecting the herd is much more in line with their innate passion and nature. His education requires calm, patience and tolerance. With the “drill” nothing can be achieved at all with the Aïdi and you can't expect reliable obedience to this breed, extremely, independent.

The care of the coat is however undemanding. Bushy hair, about six centimeters long, protects you like armor when fighting predators and is content with occasional brushing. In its natural form, the coat optimally adapts to extreme weather conditions, from heat to freezing cold. Therefore, you should not cut it in summer under any circumstances.

In some regions it is customary to shorten his ears, but this practice is discouraged by the standard

Images “Aidi”

Characteristics “Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed“Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Exercise Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 247
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Aidi breed – Atlas Mountain Dog

    ATLAS MOUNTAIN DOG (AIDI) FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Aidi, Aïdi, Atlas Mountain Dog, Atlas Shepherd Dog, Berber Dog (English).
      2. Aïdi, Aidi Atlas (French).
      3. Aïdi, Atlas-Berghund (German).
      4. Aidi, Atlas dog (Portuguese).
      5. Aidi, Atlas Sheepdog (Spanish).

    Spanish Alano
    España (Molossoid, Bloodhound)

    Alano español

    The Spanish Alano It is a breed endorsed mainly by its enormous bravery

    Content

    History “Spanish Alano”

    Grip or prey dog ​​breed of very ancient origins. Medium sized considered breed of Spain. When mixed other races are created as the Bull Dog in Spain, the alano of vautre (grip) in France, the Old bulldog in England, the extinct Bullenbeisser in Germany, or own Dogo Argentino.

    Molosser light dam and corridor. The traditional functionality It is the handling of cattle bravo and semibravo, Iberian trunk, extensive system. big game was also used, as a dog's tooth to the subjection of deer and wild boar. Its modern implementation is care and defence, How to care for cattle against any kind of predator.

      Some authors consider Spanish Alano desciendiente the old dog named Alaunt, Alans used by both war and for handling cattle.

    The existence of Alans dogs Spain dates back several centuries ago, Although it is not clear which was its origin. Some believe that this race was extended by moloso Europe by the alano in the fourth century and was taken to the Iberian Peninsula and to the North Africa by the Vandals.

    In 1350 publishes the rey Alfonso XI their “Book of the Monteria”. In the fifteenth century it is published “Treaty of the Monteria”, anonymous, which performs a deep somatic description of the dog.

    When he is talking about perro Dane everyone knew that this was a prey corridor to justify its name must meet certain features:

    With strong head, of longuilíneas proportions, high rump and good bones. Also your character It was clearly defined by its function gripping dog. “No taking by hunger or award, but by right nature gave Dios” (we call it today prey).

    Of which there is no doubt is that these dogs were very extended, as evidenced by his appearance in paintings. There is a alano that plasma Velázquez in the hunting pit, which it is in the National Gallery de Londres, those of Goya in his Capturing a bull or an engraving of the French Romantic Blanchard. They are also appointed by Cervantes and Lope de Vega Alans of Thirds.

    It is believed, According to the most likely hypothesis, they reached the Iberian Peninsula, accompanying the Alano people, shortly after the fall of Roman empire, about him V century. The alano used primarily for war, hunting and animal husbandry, They were robust and primitive specimens. Later, its unbeatable psychophysical qualities (robustness, courage and loyalty) They make the Alano notabilísimo play a role as a member of the Spanish armies, especially during the conquest of the Americas.

      The first written references to the Alano They appear in the Medievo, Hand Gonzalo de Berceo, in 1247.

    More complete data are in 1347, in the Book of Hunting, Don Alfonso XI "The Enforcer". Other mentions of importance on Alano, worthy of mention occurs in Utrera in 1603, by Fray Francisco de Tamayo.

    In the conquest of New world They played a key role dogs, animal unknown to the indigenous peoples. These, coupled with the horses, armor and arquebuses contributed to the victory.

      They were the terror of the natives, Thus the stories of the time not directed impressive descriptions as the following:

      The Friar Bernardino de Sahagún terms of testimonies of Indians attacked by huge ¨perros, with ears cut, fierce yellow eyes Bloodshot, huge mouths, hanging languages and teeth in the form of knives, wild as the demon and stained as the jaguares¨. The description has an inevitable tone of admiration and fear; Let us not forget that in pre-Columbian times (before the arrival of the conquistadors) the Indians possessed dogs small size and often body. In this way, the Indians called the canes of the Spanish ¨una diabolical invention.
      Bartholomew Columbus and Fontanarossa, brother of the discoverer and Adelantado Governor of Hispaniola, they say the Chronicles employed 200 men, 20 horses and 20 Alans, It was the "debut" of the Alans in the conquest of America.

    The Spanish Alano It is supported primarily by its huge courage, with special mention when dealing with wild boar, disregarding even his own life. Its functions have changed little during these centuries. War Dog, livestock (especially for the beef and veal), hunting and nursery. It is in the eighteenth century when they appear the first written evidence of Spanish Alano, on their participation in the bravo bull party.

    Its qualities traspasarán Spanish borders, becoming very significant exports, both American continent as countries Europe as France, England or Germany in order to improve their own races, especially the Bulldog and the Dogue de Bordeaux. even the international press echoes of its characteristics, as happened in 1873, in the British press, describing carefully to a copy of prey Spanish (Alano), called Bull and reads: “…fighting only subject to his opponent by the head, is silent and immune to pain…”.

      At the end of the 19th century or the beginning of the 20th, begins the decline of the alano, motivated by multiple factors:

      Exclusion of hosts, changes in the tradition of the Monteria and grazing, definitive exclusion from the Festival of the bull and custom. This resulted in the gradual replacement of alano other imported breeds, in most of the times, in an unjustified way. Years later, you get even speculate about the possible disappearance of alano, Since his last appearance publishes occurs in Madrid, in the year 1963 (exhibition at the Retiro Park).
      But they have not disappeared, were some population loopholes in certain marginal areas, difficult access, as are certain mountains Cantabria, País Vasco, Burgos and Salamanca. These remnants of the population managed to survive thanks to its functional qualities, as for the farmers and hunters in the area, outside all fashion and with an enviable sense of practicality, there was simply no better animal to those committed to the Spanish Alano.

    Physical characteristics “Spanish Alano”

    Today, and thanks to the excellent work of recovery of some professionals and public bodies, the Spanish Alano virtually, remains unchanged, It's a medium dog of prey, strong, Agile and very serious. Specially equipped for the handling of cattle, for hunting and for custody.

    Little barking by nature, very resistant to pain and disease, tends to be suspicious and distrustful with strangers and bottom and very affectionate with its owner and family.

    # Alano Bou Corso Canary Islands Spanish dogo Bullmastiff
    Height 60,5 56,5 66 63 59,5 60,5
    Weight 35 36,5 47,5 58 47,5 59
    Eyes Clear Dark Dark Dark Entire range Dark
    Lines c/f Parallel Parallel Lig.converg Parallel Lig.converg
    Snout 36% 33% 33% 40% 30%

    Alano character and skills

    The Alano is an animal slow in their development, reaching maturity, physical and mental, over the two years. From that moment you will find a powerful animal, determined and very noble. As it's a dog selected primarily by their willingness to work, There is some variety of "types", Since the lighter Alans, gifted for hunting, until the heavier, suitable for grazing and save (livestock lines or old Bull Dog).

    Perhaps in recent times less attention to the latter is being, for the most consistent lines for hunting. Perhaps the lovers of this type of alano (Bull Dog), have to consider its viability as a separate race.

      In 1880 "prohibited the fate of"dogs the bull"and that is why Bull rings left keep dogs".

    On the other hand, to stop practicing "hunting in the round", becomes otherwise organize the montería so it is no longer interesting for cattle fall clasped by dogs, but to reach the positions where the montero is bet, who is who pays the entertainment. In these circumstances the flocks deshicieran of the Alans who had.

    Once a dog was useful whether it performed any task. The Spanish Alano "She ceased to have work" after selecting breeds of cattle more docile, so this race back to a dizzying to extinction speed.

    Images “Spanish Alano”

    Videos “Spanish Alano”

    Type and recognitions:

    • Molossoid, Bloodhound
    • Federations: Recognized in 2004 as a breed by the RSCE​ (Royal Canine society of Spain)

    Alternative names

      1. Spanish Alaunt, Spanish Bulldog, Spanish Alano, Alano (English).

      2. Alano espagnol (French).

      3. Alano español (German).

      4. Alano espanhol, Buldogue espanhol, Alão espanhol (Portuguese).

      5. Alano español, Bulldog Español (Spanish).

    Australian Kelpie
    Australia FCI 293 . Sheepdogs

    Kelpie Australiano

    The Kelpie is very smart, laborious and is always alert.

    Content

    History

    The Australian Kelpie is a sheepdog developed around the decade of 1870 by Australian breeders by mixing several sheepdogs from Collie type imported directly from England. His goal was to develop a breed well adapted to Australian climatic conditions., especially to heat, and with enough independence to herd sheep and cows over a vast territory without too much supervision.

    Until very recently, the race was also thought to be mixed with the Dingoes, australian wild dog, but recent genetic studies have shown otherwise. However, towards the end of the 19th century the Australian Kelpie also mixed with shorthaired Scottish Sheepdogs, giving it the characteristics it has today.

    The word Kelpie has its origin in Celtic mythology. In fact, a Scottish legend mentions metamorphic spirits called kelpie, that appear most often in the form of a horse made of water, and lurking in the rivers and lakes of Scotland. These malevolent spirits are meant to attract humans, especially to children and young people, to his death. It is unclear how the name came to be associated with this breed of dog.. However, the story that comes up most often, although it is not officially documented, is that of a Scottish breeder named George Robertson who, in 1872, it is said that he named Kelpie one of the first specimens of this breed; this name would simply have remained afterwards to designate all the dogs of this breed.

    Today, there are around of 450.000 sheepdogs in Australia, and most of them are Australian Kelpie. Since the decade of 1930, two types of Kelpie have been used in Australia: those used as working dogs and those used as show dogs. Show lines developed as the breed gained popularity at dog shows. Having said that, in most other countries, this distinction doesn't really exist.

    In any case, the Australian Kelpie has been exported to many countries. This is particularly true in the United States., where its great flexibility has allowed it to adapt to different climates and terrains, as well as working with different types of livestock.

    Whether in Australia or anywhere else in the world, the Australian Kelpie has convinced by its versatility. In fact, not only is it an excellent sheepdog, both in real conditions and in sheepdog competitions, it can also be found in many other roles, like the sniffing dog of the police, therapy dog ​​or assistance dog for the blind.

    Although it is not yet officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Australian Kelpie is authorized from 2015 to participate in sheepdog competitions organized under the auspices of the organization. It is also not recognized in Great Britain by the Kennel Club.. On the other hand, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognizes the breed from 1973.

    Physical characteristics

    The Australian Kelpie worker and the Australian Kelpie competitive look similar, although the latter is slightly smaller and a little less thin. They are medium-sized dogs, very athletic and muscular that doesn't look heavy. Their characteristics give them great flexibility of movement and unlimited energy..

    The Australian Kelpie are slightly longer than tall, what gives them a perfect body for running. They have a slim appearance, with a deep chest and long strong legs. One of its peculiarities is that it seems to make no effort when running, a bit like I'm flying, with its four legs that seem to touch the ground at the same time.

    The Australian Kelpie has a slightly rounded skull with large, straight ears on top. The muzzle is conical, with a fairly small mouth and large teeth ready to chew. The eyes are oval in shape and in shades of dark brown.

    The standards of Australian Kelpie established by the various organizations that recognize the breed allow a fairly wide range of coat colors. However, in the countries – like australia – where there is a distinction between lines of work and lines of display, only one solid color layer is recognized for the latter. In fact, regardless of lineage, the Australian Kelpie is most often black or chocolate with red markings, blue-gray or beige.
    His hair is of medium length and covers a fairly soft undercoat..

    Character and skills

    The Australian Kelpie not a suitable animal for all families. In fact, is an extremely intelligent and energetic dog that requires a lot of attention. Hates being alone, and must be strongly stimulated mentally and physically, through at least two hours of daily exercise. In fact, not at all a suitable breed of dog for an elderly or very sedentary person, but rather for a very active and sporty master, willing to do different activities with your dog. Excels in activities that require agility like Frisbee or agility competitions.

    Like the vast majority of sheepdogs, to the Australian Kelpie he likes to be busy; you are never happier than when you have a task to do. Like this, in addition to the essential walks and / or races, it is recommended that each dog play with him or train him in various activities in which he must apply the instructions given by his master, which he does with great devotion and seemingly limitless energy.

    Lack of encouragement would be a huge problem for the Australian Kelpie; if bored, can become destructive, disobedient and engaging in various other behaviors intended to combat boredom, whether or not it conforms to the rules of the home. For example, can gnaw on various objects or make the garden look like a minefield by digging holes everywhere.

    Therefore, the Australian Kelpie he is not a sedentary dog ​​and can only be unhappy in a home that has little time and / or energy to give him. On the other hand, space is not necessarily a problem, as long as you get enough attention: can even cope with apartment living, whenever he has the opportunity to follow his master on excursions and activities, and thus be active daily.

    Usually makes a good family dog, but you may be tempted to “to play” with the pastor with the children or even with the visitors passing by. Therefore, take special care with the youngest, as you may be tempted to nibble on your heels to get them back to where you feel they belong, or to encourage them to participate in an activity. With the Kelpie, the shepherd instinct is never far away.

    The same goes for other pets, so it should be kept under surveillance if necessary. In any case, socializing him from a young age with other species can only be beneficial to prevent him from being mistaken for a herd once he is an adult.

    In addition, although they can get along with other dogs, generally prefer the company of humans to that of other dogs.

    Although originally developed for life on the farm, the Australian Kelpie not a dog to leave outdoors, since he gets bored quickly if separated from his family. However, as they are used to operating independently without much instruction, want to be an integral part of family life and tend to act like a member of the family rather than a pet. As a result, he is also a sensitive dog who does not like to be excluded from family activities.

    With a lot of frequency, owners who have not taken the trouble to inform themselves seriously before adoption end up abandoning their Australian Kelpie because it takes too much time and attention. The energetic character, Kelpie's need for activity and intelligence should be taken very seriously when it comes to choosing the breed of dog to adopt. In any case, when your needs are well cared for, he is a very nice and loyal companion.

    He does not easily trust strangers and is very territorial, it is also a very good watchdog, very alert and vocal, that alerts as soon as it hears a strange noise. Therefore, it is best to prevent strangers or even neighbors' pets from venturing into your territory, since I could be aggressive with them. The loud barking of the dog can also be problematic in an urban environment; if the dog is destined to live in the city, this is an aspect that should be particularly worked on as part of your education.

    Education “Australian Kelpie”

    The Australian Kelpie It is a breed of dog reserved for an experienced and very active owner. Either during training or after, it is important to give you clear and consistent rules, as it works much better in a structured environment.

    However, your training is made easier by the fact that you need to keep busy, and is therefore generally content to participate in dog training activities. Can also be trained to participate in family chores: either picking up the mail, picking up clothes or toys off the floor or helping bring groceries, always ready for a new activity, even at a young age. Completing tasks is an integral part of Kelpie's personality, and can help you feel part of the family.

    This willingness to be active and helpful makes the Australian Kelpie one of the easiest dog breeds to train. Excel in dog sports, they love to learn new orders and enjoy helping their owner. Training is not a particular problem, since they are completely obedient when they are sufficiently stimulated both intellectually and physically. On the other hand, boredom sets in soon, because he is an intelligent dog, and therefore learn quickly: it is useless to make him repeat the instructions too often, but he must be able to find new challenges and new activities for him regularly. A good solution may be to join a dog club that offers agility courses and games like Frisbee. (discdog).

    Dog training techniques based on positive reinforcement, leading to rewarding the dog for desired behavior rather than punishing it for inappropriate behavior, are preferable with the Australian Kelpie, who has a rather sensitive personality and does not respond well to punishment or an overly imposing master. In fact, there is no point wanting to show your dog at all costs that you are the master, since he does not perceive his dog as superior, but rather as a companion. Therefore, you should treat him with respect and not underestimate his intelligence, especially since he is used to working alone and without too many instructions.

    Last but not least, education should give priority to the socialization of the puppy from an early age, because the Australian Kelpie it is a territorial and distrustful dog. Otherwise, you risk becoming aggressive towards strangers and / or other animals. This will help you learn to react appropriately to strangers., preventing his natural mistrust from taking hold of him.

    Health “Australian Kelpie”

    The Australian Kelpie it is usually a healthy dog, but you run the risk of some of the problems often associated with the sheepdog group:

    • Abiotrofia cerebelosa;
    • Collie eye abnormality: Despite its name, this condition not only affects Collie: the Australian Kelpie you can also be a victim of it. This inherited recessive disease can even lead to blindness;
    • Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament: rupture of this ligament located in the knee can be caused by trauma (20% of the cases), but more often it is simply due to joint fragility or false movement. It can also be caused by early deterioration of the joint, which is common in very active dogs like Kelpie. It is the most common cause of lameness in this breed, and can cause arthritis;
    • dog hypothyroidism;
    • dog microphthalmia;
    • Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP): is the most common inherited disease in Collie family.

    Most genetic diseases can be prevented by tight control of the genetics of farm animals to reduce inbreeding, as well as by detecting these diseases to prevent individuals carrying these genes from producing offspring. These are, of course, points that any breeder of Australian Kelpie worthy is particularly attentive.

    Last but not least, the Australian Kelpie also leans for :

    • dog cryptorchidism;
    • Hip Dysplasia;
    • dislocation of the patella. May be of congenital origin, due to trauma or simply caused by wear and tear. The latter case is frequent in an active dog such as the Australian Kelpie.

    You also have a higher than average risk of being overweight, so special vigilance is required at this level, in particular by regularly weighing your dog to control his weight.

    Care and maintenance “Australian Kelpie”

    Like the fur of the Australian Kelpie can vary quite a bit from one individual to another in terms of density and length, so does its maintenance. However, usually sheds a large amount of hair throughout the year, so it is necessary to brush the dog twice a week. Hair loss is obviously even more pronounced during shedding periods, in spring and autumn, and then it is necessary to opt for a daily frequency to remove dead hairs.

    On the other hand, it is rare that you have to give your dog a bath: this is only necessary if you come into contact with a dirty or harmful substance.

    In addition, being a very active breed of dog, their claws tend to wear out naturally, and therefore rarely need to be trimmed.

    Looking at your teeth, pose no particular risk. All you need to do is brush your dog's teeth once a week.

    In general, the Australian Kelpie It is a fairly easy dog ​​to take care of. Above all, it is their great need for exercise and intellectual stimulation that makes them a demanding dog on a daily basis.

    Uses and activities”Australian Kelpie”

    It was originally developed as a sheepdog to herd and guide livestock, the Australian Kelpie has since become a versatile companion. Of course, also found in sheepdog competitions, but also as a police sniffing dog, psychological support dog, guide dog for the blind, but also simply as a family dog. In summary, it is a versatile animal that likes to keep busy and easily adapts to different contexts.

    In Australia, but the Kelpie still primarily a sheepdog, it is also increasingly used as a therapy and companion dog. In fact, his sensitivity and need to be in the company of humans make him an exceptionally attentive dog.

    In Sweden, Holland and Finland, they are used particularly as search and rescue dogs during accidents and disasters.

    How much does a “Australian Kelpie”?

    In Australia, a puppy of Australian Kelpie normally sold for about 580 Australian dollars (a few 350 EUR). Most of the individuals offered belong to working dog lines.

    In other parts of the world, depending on lineage and pedigree, the price of a puppy Australian Kelpie is between 750 and 3.000 EUR. As individuals sold outside of Australia mainly come from show dog lines, the price range is quite wide because the price goes up quickly if the puppy comes from a line with a reputation for having distinguished itself in the field.

    Characteristics “Australian Kelpie”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Australian Kelpie” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Australian Kelpie”

    Photos:

    1 – Diesel, a pure-bred Australian Kelpie by my davepaku, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Australian Kelpie, liver & tan by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Kelpie australiano by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/kelpie-australiano-perro-ovejas-4217941/
    4 – AUSTRALIAN KELPIE, KORAD SE UCH Deepeyes Dance With Dragons III by Swedish Fair from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Kelpie australiano by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/nube-roja-kelpie-perro-pastor-2992780/
    6 – Chocolate Female Kelpie by Spinefly, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Australian Kelpie”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 293
    • Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs).
    • Section 1: Sheepdogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE

    FCI breed standard “Australian Kelpie”

    “Australian Kelpie” FCI Australian FCI Kelpie

    Alternative names:

      1. Kelpie (English).
      2. Kelpie (French).
      3. Kelpie (German).
      4. Kelpie (Portuguese).
      5. Kelpie (Spanish).

    Australian Cattle Dog
    Autralia FCI 287 - Sennenhund

    Pastor Ganadero Australiano

    The Australian Cattle Dog is a rustic dog, robust and without health problems.

    Content

    History

    The Australian Cattle Dog It is a dog originating in australian. In comparison with other races its history is very well documented, because it is a relatively recent.

    At the beginning of the 19th century the livestock industry in Australia had grown to the Plains and on the huge tracts of land. The cattle had become harsh and wild beasts, the Smithfields, until then their dogs of grazing, they already lost control often livestock. These dogs them due to the heat and the distances traveled to move livestock, They also tended to biting and barking lot, knowing pasture sheep and cattle do not, and sometimes with horns, they were injured. This problem existed both in Australia in the United States and while the Americans invented the Cowboys (Cowboys) Australians invented dogs jeans.

    In 1830 a cross of Smithfields took place with Dingoes, the primitive dog that lives in Australia and killed the cattle. This, be regarded as a pest at that time, He went on to be the best contribution to this race. It was believed that more coupled climate dogs would result in, to work and quieter. Were dogs of red hair, silent but that mordían more. This breed was unsuccessful and died.

    In 1840 another farmer with the same concern but different approach, imported a couple of Bearded Collie blue-haired scotland, were dogs that barked much. The offspring of this couple crossed it with the Dingo and got a silent working dog with either blue or red fur.

    Other races introduced to this cross: the Dalmatian in order to ensure that dogs will also work with horses and more faithful and reliable for masters. The Kelpies black or straw color, Australian foresee dogs; to reaffirm their job skills that had been lost by crossing Dalmatians. The influence of Dalmatians I create puppies with white fur at birth and that changes color at three weeks of age from a smooth coat to another gray. Of the Kelpie straw colored markings on legs, chest and head. The end result was an active dog, Compact, with the caution of Dingo, the reliability of a Dalmatian, the skill of a Collie and Kelpie, and unique in the world fur coloration.

    In the early 1890's the Sr. Robert Kaleski became interested in these dogs; as he lover of them and at the same time journalist decided to give to know this race and make it achieved in 1903 the Kennel Club of Wales accepted the first standard of the breed. Strongly believed in the important contribution of blood the Dingo for livestock grazing and eventually introduced dingoes to the crossing to maintain the efficient talonero.

    In November of 1988 It was formed in Australian Cattle Dog Club of America in California. The 1 ° of may of 1980 they petitioned the AKC license (American Kennel Club) and the 1 ° of September of that year was granted.

    In all these years Australians livestock herders have been gaining ground both at work and in the heart of the masters. They are known with many names or nicknames: “Blueys” (azulitos), “Blue Dogs” (blue dogs), “Heelers” (taloneros), “Queenlad heelers” (taloneros Queens), “Blue heelers” (Blue taloneros), “Red heelers” (Red taloneros) and so are erroneously called “Dingoes”.

    Physical characteristics

    The Australian Cattle Dog they are a moderate breed in all respects. They must be balanced, symmetric, robust and compact. Judging this race we must seek a harmonious dog.

    We often hear: “It must be of large head”; This is fine if the body is in line with the head. The standard of the breed does not require a large head but a head according to the body, or of a heavy bone structure, If disagrees with the rest of the dog.

    The Australian Cattle Dog he's a working dog, created strong, Compact, symmetric, with the ability and willingness to carry out its assigned no matter how difficult task will be. Its combination of substance, power, balance sheet and strong muscle condition, leads to great agility, strength and endurance. Both too big and fat dog, as one too small and thin, they would have serious faults. We must see the dog altogether. A large head does not make a good dog, not a very crude bone structure.

    Remember: BALANCE SHEET, SYMMETRY AND MODERATION.

    As its name says, It's primary function and no one matches, It is the control and management of livestock in open or closed extensions. Always alert, extremely intelligent, lookout, brave and reliable, with a total devotion to duty, making it the ideal dog.

    A dog that is gentle in nature, outside of obese condition, will lose points. They are athletes and should always give that appearance.

    In appearance it comes to draw the presentation…

    • The head It is strong and it must be proportional to the body of the dog, to maintain its overall conformation. The wide skull is slightly curved between ears. The mejilla5 are muscular, Neither crude nor prominent, strong jaw. The lips are clean and tight. !.nose is always black. A gluttony for measuring head is from the tip of the nose, passing between the eyes, stop ear tip; through the skull back through the eye to the tip of the nose; They must be measured an equilateral triangle.
    • The eyes: they are oval shaped, medium-sized, Neither prominent nor sunken, they should express State of alert and intelligence, are dark brown in colour.
    • The ears: they should be of moderate size, preferable to small to large, broad base and pointed tip, or round as spoon, Neither plicate of bat. Placed separate head inclined outwards. They must be thick, fleshy and covered with weight on the inside. The teeth would be strong, with equal separations, with grip, bite and scissors, the lower incisors just before close and playing at the incisive superiors.
    • The neck: is very strong, muscular, It allows you to turn the head to the body, It must not be loose or have hanging skin.
    • Front rooms: the forearm should join the shoulder almost in 90%. There is a tendency in the short forearms that does not allow you to the correct length needed. They must be just as the cross to the elbow to elbow on the floor. It must not exceed the width of the chest to the elbows. The creation of exaggeration is a problem in the race.
    • Proportions: The dog must be 10% longer than high, many are unfortunately very short and it subtracts them movement and flexibility.
    • Hindquarters: strong, widths, muscular. The rather long rump to slant, long thighs, wide and well developed. Seen from the back should be parallel and rights, not very close to each other, not very separate.
    • The legs: round, with fingers long and together. Hard bearings, short and strong nails.
    • The tail: placed moderately downward, following the contour of the thigh and rump of length until reaching the hocks. When rest with a slight curve. Movement or shaking the tail should be raised. At no time the queue should be beyond a vertical line that part of the root (or coiled). The tail should be abundant fur.
    • When it is in movement and walking: the action is real, free, flexible to tireless, and the movement of shoulders and fourth front is unison with the force of the rear. The rapid and unexpected movements ability is elementary. When they trotting legs tend to join the ground as the speed is on the rise.
    • Weight and height: The male can be measured in 46 cm to 51 cm., and weigh between 20 and 26 kg. The female can be measured in 43 cm to 48 cm., and weigh between 18 and 23 kg. Here there is almost no problems, because height requirements have been maintained with ease.
    • Fur: The hair is soft, with double layer being the shortest denser.; the hair of the longest layer is closed, each hair is, straight and hard, Why which is waterproof. On the hind legs the coat is long where join the thighs. In the head (even within the ears) up to the front of the legs the coat is short. Around the neck, longer and thicker. A very short or very long hair will be a lack. Curly hair in wavy is evident in the very adult females.
    • Colors of the mantle:
    1. Blue: the color can be blue, graying blue, Blue mottled with or without other brands. Allowed in brands are, black, Blue or straw in the head, preferably symmetrical. Paws straw halfway and extending to the front to the chest and throat, and in the jaws. The Undercoat may be straw in the body where it stands not out to the blue upper layer. The black marks on the body are not desirable.
    2. Red: the color should be very smooth throughout the body, including the bottom layer (either white or cream), with or without red marks on the head. Symmetrical marks are desired. The red marks on the body are permitted but not desired.

    There are two main problems in color. The blue dogs tend to black and the second are the Red dogs without freckles. The latter is more than a problem, and one of the reasons why the reds are less dominant than blue.

    Character and skills

    The Australian Cattle Dog are very versatile and tireless workers who adapt various activities. They have been used as search and rescue dogs, bombs and drugs detectors, service and of course dogs, livestock grazing.

    A Australian Cattle Dog not the ideal dog to lock him in a yard. These dogs require working and living together with people or at least the presence of someone to her around in the absence of their day-to-day work. Isolated in the courtyard of a house in the city the edge to create problems.

    Dr. Harvey, Veterinary Australia, It has two of these dogs and also attends many more as patients. The comments: “The main problem that I see and that surpasses much to others, is the behaviour of these animals, everything is due to boredom and lack of exercise. Since they are very good guardians, people leave them in their backyard taking care of the House, completely ignoring their needs for exercise and mental stimulation”.

    A Australian Cattle Dog can live in an apartment or on a ranch 20 hectares, the problem is not the space; It is the exercise and the time the owner puts into his dog. If no is given a job the dog, the same is going to invent:

  • Garden design: holes, plants cropped or out of place.
  • Interior design: biting furniture tapestry, Chew chairs, dig a way out of the street, spreading garbage around the House, etc.
  • Another very common problem in the cities is the natural tendency with these dogs to protect your family and your home. Even without training, they defend their territory from outsiders, including the milkman, the postman and anyone who is not familiar

    In some rural places of United States commonly used alerts that warn that this place is guarded by Pastor Ganadero Australian, to avoid that strangers come. If there are children running, screaming, any dog grazing naturally want to corner to put them under control; with biting and barking. If their children have guests it is preferable to keep the dog, because it will not allow their masters to be touched, even by game.

    Social coexistence with children must be at an early age, dogs are taloneros by nature to instinctively chase other animals, Yet these dogs are very adaptable and can learn to suppress their natural inclinations part. They are a perfect companion for the family and its children. Once you know the dog and controls, their obedience will surprise your guests.

    Dr. Harvey also believes about coaching: “The Australian Cattle Dog it is very manageable; as a coach and scholar of the behavior, He catalogued it as the most adaptable dog who had worked with. However these dogs do not respond well to the method in which force them.

    After several months of unnecessarily trying to train a female with straps of punishment, correct and other, opt for more motivational methods and the results were excellent. The confidence and enthusiasm can be seen in the position of the tail. A dog with a drop tail, probably this suppressed or bored, a raised tail denotes a dog active and attentive.

    Therefore the coaches that without the knowledge of the race, using traditional methods, such as the drawing with the collar of punishment; they invariably consider them fools, irritable and difficult. Coaches using positive methods, they believe that they are very attentive and willing to learn. Kalesky once said: “A Australian Cattle Dog should we remember a typical Dingo, and this is very important if we want to describe the race.

    Before you choose the puppy we must stop to think for what they want to this dog, as a pet, as a guard dog, dog of grazing, dog for beauty exhibition, etc. Now let's see how they behave all the puppies in the litter. The one we see who fights all his brothers, would serve to guard; the largest and that always sleeps because it is where most ate, It would be fine as a pet or for beauty, the more chiquitos resembling whirlwinds have learned to make an extra effort to obtain their food fought against the elderly, they would be ideal for the job. But there is no written rule the nature of the dogs molded it in a large percentage owners, in this way one very aggressive can be very manso and vice versa. Always take into account the opinion of the breeder.

    Faults occur in all races, without them there would be challenges for farmers. It is important to be attentive to the faults to overcome them. The faults are only an obstacle in our attempt to raise the perfect dog. Look at your dog with eyes of critic, see the faults and strive to rectify them. Don't want to pretend that they there is no because there is not a perfect dog.

    The loyalty of Australian Cattle Dog will keep him next to his master, more than anything in the world, They must be with the master, accompany you and assist you in everything. The easiest way of making them happy is having them on your side. If you leave the lane, It can be that the dog will bite the heels, But if you are the ideal type to have an Australian, This morderá you heart.

    Australian Cattle Dog – Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines. The problems observed in the Australian Cattle Dog include hip dysplasia, patellar dislocation, portosystemic shunts, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and genetic deafness.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Australian Cattle Dog with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Australian Cattle Dog – Grooming

    The Australian Cattle Dog has a flat, hard coat that is resistant to rain and dirt. This makes grooming a simple task – only needs to be brushed once or twice a week to remove dead hair. For this you can use a bristle brush or slippery bristles. He will remove his short and dense undercoat once or twice a year, which will require more brushing. Other tools to keep on hand are a comb and undercoat rake.

    The Australian Cattle Dog you will only need occasional baths if you get very dirty. Check your ears to make sure they are clean and dry and that there is no evidence of infection. Your adult dog will need to have his nails trimmed about once a month, depending on wear. Puppies may need a weekly nail cut. Brush your dog's teeth regularly to promote good dental hygiene and fresh breath.

    Australian Cattle Dog ratings

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Australian Cattle Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Australian Cattle Dog Images

    Australian Cattle Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 2 –> Cattle Dogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 287
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 2 Sennenhund, except Swiss boyeros
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • FCI Standard of the Australian Cattle Dog breed
  • AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. ACD, Cattle Dog, Blue Heeler, Red Heeler, Queensland Heeler (English).
      2. Australian cattle dog (French).
      3. Australischer (German).
      4. Australian Cattle Dog (Portuguese).
      5. Ganadero Australiano, Boyero australiano, Perro Australiano de Ganado, Perro Ganadero Australiano (Spanish).

    American Cocker Spaniel
    USA FCI 167

    Cocker Spaniel Americano

    The American Cocker Spaniel is coachable go, friendly and playful, and loves to splash around in the water.

    Content

    History

    References to “Spanyells” dating from the fourteenth century. Different types of spaniels They evolved over the centuries, some working on collecting land and other water birds. the Cocker, hunting and hunting under the command retrieves, It derives its name from his skill in hunting woodcock, a type of wader.

    The spaniels They used to be classified by size, and different types of spaniels They could be born in the same litter. Eventually, The different types of spanieles They became individual races, and so it was with the Cocker. For 1946 the size and appearance of the Cocker and what is now the English Cocker Spaniel They had changed enough for the two races were divided into separate.

    The popularity of the Cocker He was fired after the release of the classic Disney movie “The Lady and the Tramp” in 1955. The immense popularity fueled an increase in bad parenting that resulted in some bad temperaments, but the breeders American Cocker Spaniel They have worked hard to correct the situation. However, It is still important today to find a responsible breeder who keeps the cheerful disposition of the seal of the race rather than continue taking the fearful and sharp dogs that nearly ruined the race.

    Until 1990, the American Cocker Spaniel It was the most popular breed registered by the American Kennel Club. Today it is ranked 25, but you will always have a place among people who appreciate its moderate size, sweet nature and intelligence.

    Physical characteristics

    The American Cocker Spaniel It is the smallest member of the sporting dogs hunting. His body is strong, Compact, delicately modeled head and refined. As a whole, It is a dog well balanced and ideal size. Well shoulders upright on a straight forelegs, its top line drops slightly towards strong hindquarters, muscled and moderately angulated. A dog is able to develop a considerable speed, combined with a lot of resistance. Above all, It must be a brash and cheerful dog, healthy and well balanced in all its parts; vehement action shows inclination towards work. A dog well balanced in all its parts is more desirable that a dog with good features and defects strongly contrasting.

    The females weigh on average 9 - 12 kg and have a size of 34 - 36 cm., While males weigh in 10 - 13 kg and measure of 37 - 39 cm..

    Character and skills

    Cheerful and lively, the American Cocker Spaniel It's also smart and confident. Although still it retains strong hunting instinct, It is often a housemate. With her family is loving and docile. It may be a bit reserved at the beginning with strangers, but soon makes friends. Cockers can be good companions for children. When they raised together, They can make friends with other pets, including cats, but birds can be an irresistible lure – and not in a good way.

    The Cocker It is highly trainable, but it has a sensitive soul. Early socialization is critical, and even with it some Cockers submissively urinate when your people get home or when they meet new people or dogs or go to new places. Focused training with positive reinforcement methods, especially praise and food rewards.

    The Cocker It can be good in the field tests and as a hunting dog, although for years he thought of it as “only” a companion. A Cocker It is versatile and can do much more than walk around the house, but he is happy to do it because you love being with you.

    any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavations and other undesirable behavior if you are bored, He is not trained or are unsupervised. And any dog ​​can be a test that live during adolescence. In the case of the Cocker, years “adolescence” beginning at six months and continue until the dog is one year old. Barking can be a problem unless the frenes.

    Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start training him or you'll have to deal with a more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to the class of kindergarten for puppies when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, y socialize, socialize, socialize. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

    Talk to the breeder, It describes exactly what you are looking for a dog and asks for help to select a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make incredibly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.

    The American Cocker Spaniel Perfect not fully formed out of the whelping box. It is a product of his background and upbringing. Cockers are bred too much in the past, sometimes resulting in a fearful dog, slightly scary in no way represents a good breeding Cocker. Look for one whose parents have good personalities and has been well socialized from an early age puppy.

    Aseo Cocker spaniel

    Beautiful silky coat Cocker seen in dogs in the exhibition circuit does not occur by chance. It takes a lot of work to keep it shiny and tangle. For good reason, most people keep their pets on a cut everywhere, known as cut puppy. Even that requires some maintenance. Dogs with cuts puppy should be bathed, brushed and cut approximately every two weeks.

    If you want long flowing coat, You must be more careful and time, and usually the bathroom, brushing and trimming are done once a week. Most people choose to take their Cocker a professional groomer, but you can learn to do it yourself. The cost of the equipment amounts to only a few grooming sessions, you may request appointments and discover that increase your bond with your Cocker. However, the toilet is not for everyone, so if I do not want to do, find a hairdresser you like because it is an absolute requirement for a Cocker.

    Like the ears of Cocker They are prone to infections, review them weekly to ensure that the interior is a deep pink and healthy and has no odor. If that is not the case, go to the vet quickly before ear infection becomes a major problem. Be especially careful to check the ears of a puppy as there is a significant accumulation of wax as the ear canal develops. Clean the ears with a solution recommended by the veterinarian.

    The rest are basic care. Cut toenails every few weeks. Should never last long enough to drown out the noise from the floor. Long nails can make uncomfortable walking in the Cocker, and they can get caught on things and tear. That is so painful, and bleed much. Brush your teeth often for good dental health and fresh breath.

    Health Cocker

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, tell you that race is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that their puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines. Here is a brief summary of what you need to know about the health of the Cocker.

    The American Cocker Spaniel They are susceptible to a number of health problems that are, at least in part, genetic. These include many different eye disorders, including cataracts and glaucoma, defects and painful hips and knees.

    Disc disease can cause the movement is painful for the American Cocker Spaniel, which it is by nature an active dog who loves to run and play. Heart diseases, liver, Epilepsy… the Cocker It is at risk of all.

    The variety of eye problems that can afflict the Cocker Spaniel ranging from the aesthetic – a condition called “Eye Cherry” which can be corrected by surgery – and sight-threatening, including cataracts and glaucoma. While many Cocker completely lose vision in old age, some may already losing two years of age due to progressive retinal atrophy. The Cockers They are also prone to keratoconjunctivitis sicca, a condition known as dry eye, a deficiency of tears that can lead to corneal problems.

    Make sure that a certified veterinary ophthalmologist examine your eyes Cocker Spaniel once a year and seeking veterinary attention immediately for any signs of vision loss, cloudiness, redness, eye irritation or if the dog squints or bumble.

    The Cockers They may also have hypothyroidism, It is underproduction of thyroid hormone. This can cause weight gain, lethargy, loss of hair, chills and skin infections. a blood test whenever a suspected thyroid disease should be. Skin problems also may indicate allergies, which they are common in the breed, As to the skin masses, which may be benign or cancerous.

    Some Cocker Spaniels They seem to be prone to congenital deafness, associated with white hair and blue eyes. At the age of three or four weeks, in some of these dogs the blood supply to the inner ear degenerates. It can occur in one or both ears and is permanent.

    Those long ears of spaniel They tend to trap hot and humid air within the ear canals, creating the perfect environment for the growth of bacteria and yeast, that lead to ear infections. Ear infections can be chronic in some dogs with long ears, so it is necessary to be aware of the care and cleaning ears religiously. Repeated infections can cause so much damage to the ear canal that the dog will lose their hearing. Ears severely affected may require surgery. Follow up care is especially important with respect to the ear to prevent new outbreaks of old problems.

    Many Cocker Spaniels They are prone to autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), in which the immune system attacks the dog its own red blood cells to the point that the dog becomes anemic. Although there is treatment, the mortality rate is high.

    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. They should be able to provide an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you're going to have a puppy, Ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs of their lines and why they died.

    Remember that after getting a new puppy at home, You have the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Cocker Spaniel with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Ratings of the American Cocker Spaniel

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “American Cocker Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the American Cocker Spaniel

    credits:

    1. golden-american-cocker-spaniel by www.localpuppybreeders.com
    2. American Cocker Spaniel at the Cloisters City Park in Morro Bay, California by "Mike" Michael L. Baird / CC BY
    3. Golden American Cocker SpanielRyan Johnson / CC BY-SA
    4. American Cocker in Tallinn duo CACIB, 17-18 Aug 2013 by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
    5. AMERICAN COCKER SPANIEL PUPPY 7 WEEKS – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AMERICAN_COCKER_SPANIEL_PUPPY_7_WEEKS.jpg
    6. A black American Cocker Spaniel. By Yoko / CC BY-SA

    Videos of the American Cocker Spaniel

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 8 –> Retrievers, Flushing Dogs, Water Dogs. / Section 2 –> Flushing dogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 167
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • Standard FCI Breed American Cocker Spaniel
    • AMERICAN COCKER SPANIEL FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Cocker Spaniel, Cocker, Merry Cocker (English).
      2. Cocker (French).
      3. American Cocker Spaniel, Cocker (German).
      4. American Cocker Spaniel, Cocker (Portuguese).
      5. Cocker americano, Cocker spaniel, Cocker (Spanish).

    Appenzell Cattle Dog
    Suiza FCI 46 - Swiss Cattle Dogs

    Boyero de Appenzell

    The Appenzell Cattle Dog kept in a principle in general as a farm dog.

    Content

    History

    The Appenzell Cattle Dog (Appenzeller Sennenhund) It is a breed of dog of medium size, one of the four regional breeds of Sennenhund (Type of dogs from the Swiss Alps). The name Sennenhund refers to people Senn, dairy and livestock farmers in the Swiss Alps. Appenzell It is an Alpine region of northeast of Switzerland.

    There are two theories about the origin of the Appenzell Cattle Dog. A, It is a native breed dating back to the bronze age, and the other, It descends from the molossians and he was taken to Switzerland by the Romans. In any case, It is one of the four Swiss Sennenhund. The Appenzell is the rarest of the four. It is an excellent dog of herd. Tireless and great firmness in the mountains. It also adapts to pull a cart and is used to bring the milk and cheese among traders of the Swiss valleys.

    The first Club and the book of origins of the breed were initiated in 1906 by Albert Heim and other, who wrote the first breed standard in 1916. One of the earliest references to the predecessors of the race was embodied in a book of 1853, “Tierleben der Alpenwelt” (Animal life in the Alps), referring to the dogs in the Appenzell region. Appenzell Cattle Dog was recognized - internationally- as a separate breed in 1989.

    Physical characteristics

    The Appenzell Cattle Dog is a great mountain dog, has a height of 47 - 58 cm to the cross and a weight of 22 - 32 kg. Like the other Sennenhund, It is a large dog and has a layer of tricolor hair that distinguishes.

    It is a dog of large muscles but not very full-bodied, with wide and flat skull, and a snout that tapers towards the truffle. Eyes small and dark; and ears, Earrings. It is the only Swiss boyeros that bears the tail rolled on back. The hair is cut, bright and bushy. Color: It supports the black and Tan with white markings on the chest, the head and feet

    Character and skills

    The Appenzell Cattle Dog was initially kept as herd guardian, dog shooting, and in general, as a farm dog.

    The race was also used for grazing and as a guard dog. Today the breed is maintained mainly as a companion, and excels in obedience competitions and Schutzhund.

    Like all large working dogs, very active, which is why, This race should be socialized at an early age with other dogs and people, and always with normal activity and training that can live safely as a pet (given its size, It may be a problem if you do not receive adequate education). According to the standard of the breed, dogs are joyful spirit, playful, and distrustful to strangers.

    Despite its fairly strong character, tends to be always quiet, nice. If not go to custody, behave amicably with everyone. It is the most docile of Swiss boyeros and, therefore, the easiest of train, but it is also the most barking.

    Appenzell Cattle Dog Education

    The Appenzell Cattle Dog can be well trained. He loves to learn and he does it with enthusiasm. It is strongly oriented towards its humans, which can be put to good use. The Appenzell Cattle Dog you can read the mood and wishes of your people on their faces. That in turn means that you have to approach your education with feeling., and of course with consistency. He has a pronounced sense of justice and, therefore, challenge people to treat it fairly. It is important that at the puppy stage you begin to control your joy of barking, who once characterized him as a good cut dog.

    Appenzell Cattle Dog care and health

    The Appenzell Cattle Dog it is very easy to care for, brushing here and there is enough.

    Regarding your health, tend to have trouble with their hips (HD) or knees (ED), up to falls. In old age you can see a tendency to skin tumors. Partially strong inbreeding has a negative effect on physical fitness and life expectancy.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Appenzell Cattle Dog you have no special requirements in your diet. Have a healthy appetite and tend to be overweight, especially in old age.

    The life expectancy Appenzell Cattle Dog

    The Appenzell Cattle Dog it is relatively strongly affected by inbreeding and a breeding selection that is unilaterally oriented towards external appearances, such as fur color details. Therefore, their life expectancy has decreased in part enormously. It's between eight and -healthily- twelve years.

    Buy Appenzell Cattle Dog

    When buying a puppy care must be taken that the pedigree ancestor of the puppies does not appear twice (endogamia). Otherwise, You should be looking for a breeder affiliated with the Swiss Mountain Dog Club. You can also find the dog of your dreams at the animal shelter or in an emergency initiative. You can get a puppy in a serious kennel from 1200 EUR.

    Images Appenzell Cattle Dog

    Appenzell Cattle Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI :Group 2 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid. Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. / Section 3 –> Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 46
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , UKC
    • FCI nomenclature of Appenzell Cattle Dog race
    • APPENZELL CATTLE DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Appenzeller, Appenzeller Cattle Dog, Appenzeller Mountain Dog (English).
      2. Bouvier d’Appenzell (French).
      3. Appenzeller (German).
      4. Appenzeller Sennenhund (Portuguese).
      5. Appenzeller (Spanish).