Ariège Pointer
Francia FCI 177 . Braque Type

Ariège Pointer

The Ariège Pointer it is a quiet breed of dog, although sometimes stubborn, what is common among hunting dogs.

Content

History

The Ariège Braco is a breed of French dog that comes from, as its name implies, from the department of Ariège, located on the Franco-Spanish border.

There are different theories about its origins. However, the most common theory is that it descends from the old French Pointer, that was crossed in the 19th century with Braques of southern stock, with white and orange coats to give it more lightness and activity.

In addition, looks a lot like the white and orange dogs painted in Jean-Baptiste Oudry's paintings (1686-1755), famous for his paintings of hunting scenes. Therefore, It does not seem illogical that cynologists have attributed this dog to him as an ancestor.

Despite its official recognition by the F.C.I. (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) in 1955, the second half of the twentieth century was almost fatal for the Ariège Pointer. However, some Ariège hunters continued to use it, which prevented the breed from completely disappearing.

In 1989, a team of fans of the breed decided to dedicate themselves to its survival, having noticed that there were no more Ariège Pointer registered in the LOF (French Origins Book) from 1964.

The Club du Braque de l’Ariège was thus created the following year, with the mission of contributing to the safeguarding and promotion of this breed, but also to centralize all the information to identify the specimens that would be found in France in the breeders, hunters or other fans of this dog.

The operation was generally a success. Like this, the increase in births meant that in 1999, less than 10 years later, the symbolic milestone of the 50 Ariège Pointer listed in TFO. The trend has continued, since today there are more than 350 specimens in TFO, many of whom have won prizes in beauty or hunting contests.

However, the breed has spread relatively little outside its homeland, since most breeders and owners of the Ariège Pointer are located in the south-west of France, although there are also some scattered throughout the rest of the country.

At the international level, the Ariège Pointer was officially recognized in 2006 by the UKC (United Kennel Club), one of the leading canine organizations in the United States. However, the UKC is an exception, since the other large national canine organizations do not yet recognize the breed. It's still very difficult, yes not impossible, acquire a Ariège Pointer outside france.

Photo: Ariege Pointer, male. Colour: orange & white by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Vigorous and powerful, the Ariège Pointer has a certain elegance. His musculature is prominent and harmonious, and its well drawn lines.

Usually pale orange or brown fawn in color, there are also speckled white and trout. Its great characteristic is that the color of its nose is more often in harmony with that of its fur.

His hair is short and shiny and his head is long, angulosa, without a very pronounced stop.

His tail is low and long, in contrast to his ears, that are thin and well positioned above the eye line.

At last, the eyes of the Ariège Pointer they are oval shaped, dark amber or brown. Her frank and gentle eyes will easily seduce humans who cross her path.

Character and skills

The Ariège Pointer it is a quiet breed of dog, although sometimes stubborn, what is common among hunting dogs. He is also a very intelligent dog.

Adapted to all types of hunting and considered one of the best hunting dogs that exist, thanks in particular to his excellent sense of smell, his great stamina and unerring determination, it is effective in all types of hunting and on all terrains.

The Ariège Pointer it is also very resistant and adapts easily to all weather situations, although it is still more comfortable in the cold than in the tropics.

Very sensitive and affectionate with his master and his relatives, is docile, Gentile, easy to train, and therefore it is an excellent pet.

May be in contact with other animals, in any case congeners or other species of the same size, especially if you've gotten used to them from a young age as part of puppy socialization. On the other hand, his innate hunting instinct could lead him to attack small potential prey. Therefore, it is better to avoid sharing your daily life with a rabbit, a rat or other game that awakens their deep stalker nature.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to keep it on a leash when in town. On the other hand, if your education is not lacking, it's conceivable – and even desirable – let it go when in the field, so it can be spent, as this is necessary for your physical and psychological well-being.

In effect, the Ariège Pointer remains a lively, independent dog who needs daily exercise and is happy to take part in long walks or bike rides. It is a recommended breed of dog for an athletic owner, since you can't settle for a few relatively short outings to relieve yourself.

They can live in the city, but only if they have a garden. The latter does not make it less necessary to offer you long walks, Every day, ideally in the middle of nature. In addition, if you live in the city, it is advisable to accustom it from a young age to crowds and traffic, for example to avoid encountering a dog that runs behind cars.

Education

The Ariège Pointer has an innate aptitude for hunting, but he still deserves to be educated as soon as possible to consolidate his knowledge and teach him the fundamental commands of hunting (stop, stand up, report…).

Whether it is intended to be used as a working dog or simply as a companion dog, it is recommended to train it with patience and delicacy, since it is endowed with great sensitivity. If you don't, you risk getting upset and discouraged, and restoring trust between the owner and his animal is then a long and arduous task.

In any case, either during your education or at any time after, the owner must be calm, attentive and balanced to curb the very dynamic burning of your partner.

Health

The Ariège Pointer it is a robust dog with an iron constitution and without particular pathology.

Grooming

A weekly brushing of the dog's coat is sufficient, since the Ariège Pointer does not need much maintenance.

Having said that, like any hunting dog, the dog's ears should be systematically cleaned when he returns home, in order to remove any leaves or dirt that may have lodged there.

This special attention to its ears is also valid if it is only used as a companion dog, as lop-eared dog breeds are at higher risk of ear problems.

Buy a “Ariège Pointer”

The price of a puppy Ariège Pointer in a hatchery is between 600 and 800 EUR. There is generally no price difference between a male and a female.

Characteristics "Ariège Pointer"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Ariège Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “"Ariège Pointer"“

Braque de l’Ariège
Braque de l’Ariège

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 177
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard "Ariège Pointer"

FCIFCI – "Ariège Pointer"
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Alternative names:

    1. Ariege Pointing Dog (English).
    2. braque de Toulouse, braque du Midi (French).
    3. Braque de l’Ariège (German).
    4. (em francês: Braque de l’Ariège) (Portuguese).
    5. Braco de Ariège (Spanish).

Alaskan Malamute
Estados Unidos FCI 243 . Nordic sled dogs

Alaskan Malamute

The Alaskan Malamute It has a reputation for being stubborn and difficult to train between people do not know.

Content

Alaskan Malamute History

Also called Mally. It is native to the Arctic dog, and one of the oldest breeds within the sledge dogs.

It's a dog with a strong appearance, strong, with good musculature. It is capable of carrying significant weight (until 20 kg) for tens of kilometres. This is a very ancient race, from the first races of sled dogs.

Raised by a tribe of Inuit call mahlemiut. The meaning of the word mahle It is unknown, but it is known that mouse means “town of”. Mahlemiut as Mahle people can therefore be interpreted. Following the English phonetics, diction is then transformed into MALAMUTE.

The area inhabited by the people of the MALAMUTE were the banks of Kotzebue Sound, a territory between two large rivers: the Kobuk and the Noatak. Men and women of the tribe mahlemiut (MALAMUTE) They were highly prized among others Inuit tribes for their courage, his pride and his skill in hunting and fishing.

    These dogs were famous for their beauty and characteristics of strength and endurance, they did of them optimal elements for shooting.

They were, in general, larger and more powerful than the other Nordic dogs, with similar in appearance to the Wolf and large and soft tails carried on the back. Contemporary witnesses tell it between 1870 and 1880 approximately, the caribou, for unexplained reasons, They changed their usual migration routes and taking away the Malamute tribes an important source of livelihood.

In these conditions families no longer could afford keep groups of dogs trained for more than two or three copies: testimonies of the time talking about men, women and even children helped their dogs to pull the sledges. So the population began to decline and the way they ran their dogs.

Its ability to carry heavy loads it is revealed when he is chosen for expeditions to the Arctic Circle, as the two who placed the Admiral Byrd. They were also used as a rescue of injured dog in World War II.

His presence, always with the head-up, It gives some impressive aspect that, However, It is not at odds with a very friendly and playful character with their owners, Although it gives the impression of being a very serious dog anyone that knows no race.

Physical characteristics Alaskan Malamute

It has two layers hair: an external, thick and rough, and an internal feel oily and woolly, and it is longer in the area of the neck and shoulders, on the back and the tail. Its color It is predominantly gray but colors ranging from white to reddish sand allowed.

The tail is well covered and is carried over the back; has the appearance of a feather bush that sways.

The Malamute stands upright on its legs and embodies the pride and great joy of movement with its upright head posture and alert radiating eyes., interest and curiosity. His head is wide. Ears are triangular and are pricked when attention is drawn. The muzzle is massive and tapers only slightly from the base to the nose. It is neither pointed nor long nor short and thick. … The Malamute must have heavy bones and powerful legs, good legs, a deep chest, powerful shoulders and all the other physical conditions you need to do your job efficiently. Your movement should be smooth, harmonious, tireless and completely efficient. He was not bred as a racing sled dog for speed competitions.

In contrast to other races, When it gets wet is not drastically reduced its size.

There are different colors in the Alaskan Malamute, Black with white, coffee, reddish and recently found a color of white Malamute. The history of this color is equal to of the Siberian Husky; they are white to camouflage in the snow and thus be able to catch prey.

How big is an Alaskan Malamute?

Malamutes have a height at the withers of 64 cm in males and 59 centimeters in females. The weight is between 34 and 38 kg.

How long can an Alaskan Malamute live??

His life expectancy is more than 12 years.

Character and skills Alaskan Malamute

It is a sled dog with ancient origins, little changed from its origin Wolf. This does not mean that it is aggressive. While his appearance and pride can impress the external observer, It's a playful animal (When you are invited to do so), faithful to his master and a great protective instinct with children.

It is a dog outside, She loves the outdoors and is happy to live in the open air; If locks it after a fence, It is very likely that finding the way to escape, because likes freedom and not lose a chance to go in search of an adventure or a career.

Shyness is usually not a good sign, but fortunately, seems to be a pretty rare feature in this race and if it occurs it may be due to causes outside of the animal genetics and having been produced by an owner who has failed to give a proper socialization, keeping it locked and devoid of psychic stimuli, interaction with the same kind and a very limited human contact. If it detects, It should be monitored and provide training to overcome the problem, that otherwise his behavior may become unpredictable and therefore dangerous.

On the other hand, given the way of Eskimo and nomadic life share everything, is not a race of protection, but it can be a good Dog Alert, It will notify the owner that he sees something strange, with the so particular sound it emits, It is a combination between howl and bark.

    It is not a dog to guard and defense than by nature tend to be friendly with humans.

As a result of his former life, It is a dog with strong herd instinct and hierarchy, which results in frequent attacks with other animals. In addition, males are very territorial and competitive among themselves so it is not advisable to accommodate them together. Females may be easier to train and better adapted to living in houses. This race like the company human, has huge doses of loyalty, love and willingness to work, What makes a good dog home.

It is affectionate with children, even with strangers, and he loves to accompany them on all sides. Because of its independent character is reputed to be stubborn and difficult to train among people who do not know. However, There are Malamutes champions working with blind obedience.

They are sensitive, affectionate and playful, but they know to protect themselves effectively. With a good training and socialization are balanced dogs, both physically and psychologically, because they have good potential for learning because they are quick to learn and acute reflexes.

Popular mixes

Mixtures of Alaskan Malamute with other dog breeds are common in the sled dog scene. Many mushers they try it to improve the performance of their dogs. Individuals who from the point of view of the mushers do not bring optimal performance against the sled, they are then sometimes in the shelter or offered as a companion dog.

Care, health and diseases

How much care does an Alaskan Malamute need?

The Alaskan Malamute needs regular brushing, at least weekly, of the coat. Change of coat, twice a year, is particularly intensive. Then your house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair, even though they brush it daily. But the main effort for its care is due to its nature as a sled dog.

Is there a typical Alaskan Malamute disease?

The Alaskan Malamute it is a very healthy breed of dog, as long as it is not bred in extreme form, which fortunately is seen very little so far: too heavy dogs with too short legs.

What food is best for an Alaskan Malamute?

The Alaskan Malamute is often a picky eater. The mushers they have secret recipes with treats to provide their dogs with enough energy before races. Like most dogs, likes a meaty beef bone and fresh meat.

Activities

The Alaskan Malamute has to work. This usually means its use as a sled dog.. An attitude like that of a farm or family dog ​​would not be appropriate for the species.

Considerations before purchase

Where can you buy an Alaskan Malamute?

If you are interested in a Alaskan Malamute, the first thing to do is visit some sled dog races. Then you should check if you want to spend at least the next ten years a common life, sporting and intensive with these dogs and also having the objective conditions for it. Then you should get information from a local breeder who is affiliated with a sled dog club.. If everything goes well, you will have a wonderful experience.

Breeding and maintenance

Is an Alaskan malamute good for me?

The Alaskan Malamute a dog is not for beginners. You have high demands on your attitude, stemming from its destiny as an original sled dog. All the lives of their caregivers, your human family must adjust to your needs. The real MALAMUTE needs the challenge to the sled physically and mentally. Here are several replacement possibilities even without snow. We see a kind of sled on wheels like a tricycle or a training car with four tires. Especially for Malamutes, drag competitions are organized, that are accepted by dogs with great joy and full commitment. Especially the sport of dogsledding has something very special. Driving with the sleigh of the MALAMUTE through a snowy landscape in winter is one of the greatest experiences of all.

It also allows you to experience a deep unity between man-dog and nature in a way that is hardly possible otherwise.. Of course it is also good for your health.

When traveling, it is better to take the MALAMUTE in an aluminum transport box. The Malamute is not a dog for an apartment. A house with a “garden” should be an ideal space for this breed.

The MALAMUTE it is one of the few dog breeds that can be kept as a pack in a kennel without any problem. But this kennel must be well secured. It is not that Malamutes are a danger to the environment, but they are kings of escape and they dig well and with gusto. You can hardly believe, through which little holes these heavy dogs can escape.

To the malamutes they like to sleep outside and snuggle with their head under their tail during the biggest snowstorm. The garden, where the Malamutes, should not be considered an ornamental garden, to put it in a nice way. The malamutes require the whole lifestyle to be in tune with this association.

The Alaskan Malamute can be well trained by an experienced dog owner. One must accept the challenge, even love, of fighting mentally with these primitive and self-assured dogs. They will gladly accept their masters and caregivers, will be loyal to them, but they must have leadership qualities combined with a lot of doggy mind. You have to fully commit to the experience of having a MALAMUTE. Not a dog for people without deep canine experience.

Alaskan Malamute photos

Alaskan Malamute videos

Characteristics "Alaskan Malamute"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Alaskan Malamute" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Exercise Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 5 / Section 1, Nordic sled dogs
  • FCI 243, AKC, ANKC,CKC, KC, NZKC, UKC

Alternative names

    1. Alaskan Malamute, Mal, Mally (English).

    2. Malamute de l’Alaska (French).

    3. Alaskan Malamute (German).

    4. Malamute-do-alasca (Portuguese).

    5. Alaskan malamute (Spanish).

Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog
Marruecos FCI 247 - Molossoid . Mountain

aidi

The Aidi is highly energy, protective and extremely vigilant. Despite its resemblance to Sheepdogs, The Aidi is not one of them because there are no sheepdogs from the Atlas.

Content

Video "Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog"

History “Aidi”

The Aidi or “atlas dog” It is a breed of dog of Morocco. Traditionally, It has been used by the Berber shepherds of the Atlas as dog. Also stands out for its developed sense of smell.

The Aïdi is recognized as coming from Morocco, probably originating in the desert of the Sahara.

The Aidi it is not a sheepdog, There are no dogs pastors in the Atlas. It is a courageous dog, He has lived and worked in the Atlas of Morocco, Libya and Algeria, to protect its owner and its herd of wild cats, other predators, as well as strangers crossing on their way. A protective dog of the nomadic tribes of the desert, characterized by its high alert and aggressiveness that used to monitor the camp at night.

It is equipped with a great memory, If a person has made an affront, the Aidi will always remember him as an ENEMY!

The Aidi, Historically, It has not been much appreciated by the tribes race, like other races. Always rated the Sloughi race and other races regarded as noble.

However, the Moroccans have recently formed a club to protect the purity of the breed, that has contributed in many roles in their society, as protector, Hunter, police dog, and as pet. Although the Aidi has been used primarily as a working dog, for quite some time already, often used as a hunting dog.

Did You Know?

Despite its resemblance to a sheepdog, the Aidi It is not one of them since there are no shepherd dogs from the Atlas.

Physical characteristics “Aidi”

The Aïdi it is robust and powerful, with a body height of 52 - 62 centimeters. He is very muscular, rustic and strong, but it is not heavy. The broad and strong head shows small hanging ears and medium-sized dark eyes., whose colors range from dark amber to golden brown. The tail must reach at least to the hocks. In rest position hangs relaxed. In motion, the Atlas Shepherd you should carry it cheerfully, but not constantly curled over the back. The thicker and hairier the tail, best.

The Atlas Mountain Dog moves with wide and fairly flat movements. In a small and fast jog he seems tireless. The fur, which is otherwise medium long, is clearly shorter and finer on the face and ears. In the neck and throat form, especially in males, a mane. The colored strokes of the Aidi they are very varied. Often the fawn, brown and black combine in the coat.

Character and skills “Aidi”

It is a domestic animal (urban) and very good if given tasks and makes enough exercise to be satisfied and happy.

Nothing escapes your watchful eye and you don't hesitate for a second to avoid danger. Guarding and defending the goods entrusted to him is in the blood of Aïdi. Does not know fear and is very efficient in risky situations. In the circle of his family, the awesome Atlas Mountain Dog is loyal, well educated and affectionate. Out of this close circle of familiar attachment figures, not very sociable.

In France, the independent centre of education is working to train him to accompany and guide the blind.

Education and care “Aïdi”

A Aïdi you need a task that you can live with all your guardian passion. The most affectionate social contact with your family should not be neglected. The Aïdi not a herding dog in the sense of European herding dogs. Protecting the herd is much more in line with their innate passion and nature. His education requires calm, patience and tolerance. With the “drill” nothing can be achieved at all with the Aïdi and you can't expect reliable obedience to this breed, extremely, independent.

The care of the coat is however undemanding. Bushy hair, about six centimeters long, protects you like armor when fighting predators and is content with occasional brushing. In its natural form, the coat optimally adapts to extreme weather conditions, from heat to freezing cold. Therefore, you should not cut it in summer under any circumstances.

In some regions it is customary to shorten his ears, but this practice is discouraged by the standard

Images “Aidi”

Characteristics "Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed"Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Exercise Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 247
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI breed standard "Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog"

    ATLAS MOUNTAIN DOG (AIDI) FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Aidi, Aïdi, Atlas Mountain Dog, Atlas Shepherd Dog, Berber Dog (English).
      2. Aïdi, Aidi Atlas (French).
      3. Aïdi, Atlas-Berghund (German).
      4. Aidi, Atlas dog (Portuguese).
      5. Aidi, Atlas Sheepdog (Spanish).

    Spanish Alano
    España (Molossoid, Bloodhound)

    Alano español

    The Spanish Alano It is a breed endorsed mainly by its enormous bravery

    Content

    History “Spanish Alano”

    Grip or prey dog ​​breed of very ancient origins. Medium sized considered breed of Spain. When mixed other races are created as the Bull Dog in Spain, the alano of vautre (grip) in France, the Old bulldog in England, the extinct Bullenbeisser in Germany, or own Dogo Argentino.

    Molosser light dam and corridor. The traditional functionality It is the handling of cattle bravo and semibravo, Iberian trunk, extensive system. big game was also used, as a dog's tooth to the subjection of deer and wild boar. Its modern implementation is care and defence, How to care for cattle against any kind of predator.

      Some authors consider Spanish Alano desciendiente the old dog named Alaunt, Alans used by both war and for handling cattle.

    The existence of Alans dogs Spain dates back several centuries ago, Although it is not clear which was its origin. Some believe that this race was extended by moloso Europe by the alano in the fourth century and was taken to the Iberian Peninsula and to the North Africa by the Vandals.

    In 1350 publishes the rey Alfonso XI their “Book of the Monteria”. In the fifteenth century it is published “Treaty of the Monteria”, anonymous, which performs a deep somatic description of the dog.

    When he is talking about perro Dane everyone knew that this was a prey corridor to justify its name must meet certain features:

    With strong head, of longuilíneas proportions, high rump and good bones. Also your character It was clearly defined by its function gripping dog. “No taking by hunger or award, but by right nature gave Dios” (we call it today prey).

    Of which there is no doubt is that these dogs were very extended, as evidenced by his appearance in paintings. There is a alano that plasma Velázquez in the hunting pit, which it is in the National Gallery de Londres, those of Goya in his Capturing a bull or an engraving of the French Romantic Blanchard. They are also appointed by Cervantes and Lope de Vega Alans of Thirds.

    It is believed, According to the most likely hypothesis, they reached the Iberian Peninsula, accompanying the Alano people, shortly after the fall of Roman empire, about him V century. The alano used primarily for war, hunting and animal husbandry, They were robust and primitive specimens. Later, its unbeatable psychophysical qualities (robustness, courage and loyalty) They make the Alano notabilísimo play a role as a member of the Spanish armies, especially during the conquest of the Americas.

      The first written references to the Alano They appear in the Medievo, Hand Gonzalo de Berceo, in 1247.

    More complete data are in 1347, in the Book of Hunting, Don Alfonso XI "The Enforcer". Other mentions of importance on Alano, worthy of mention occurs in Utrera in 1603, by Fray Francisco de Tamayo.

    In the conquest of New world They played a key role dogs, animal unknown to the indigenous peoples. These, coupled with the horses, armor and arquebuses contributed to the victory.

      They were the terror of the natives, Thus the stories of the time not directed impressive descriptions as the following:

      The Friar Bernardino de Sahagún terms of testimonies of Indians attacked by huge ¨perros, with ears cut, fierce yellow eyes Bloodshot, huge mouths, hanging languages and teeth in the form of knives, wild as the demon and stained as the jaguares¨. The description has an inevitable tone of admiration and fear; Let us not forget that in pre-Columbian times (before the arrival of the conquistadors) the Indians possessed dogs small size and often body. In this way, the Indians called the canes of the Spanish ¨una diabolical invention.
      Bartholomew Columbus and Fontanarossa, brother of the discoverer and Adelantado Governor of Hispaniola, they say the Chronicles employed 200 men, 20 horses and 20 Alans, It was the "debut" of the Alans in the conquest of America.

    The Spanish Alano It is supported primarily by its huge courage, with special mention when dealing with wild boar, disregarding even his own life. Its functions have changed little during these centuries. War Dog, livestock (especially for the beef and veal), hunting and nursery. It is in the eighteenth century when they appear the first written evidence of Spanish Alano, on their participation in the bravo bull party.

    Its qualities traspasarán Spanish borders, becoming very significant exports, both American continent as countries Europe as France, England or Germany in order to improve their own races, especially the Bulldog and the Dogue de Bordeaux. even the international press echoes of its characteristics, as happened in 1873, in the British press, describing carefully to a copy of prey Spanish (Alano), called Bull and reads: “…fighting only subject to his opponent by the head, is silent and immune to pain…”.

      At the end of the 19th century or the beginning of the 20th, begins the decline of the alano, motivated by multiple factors:

      Exclusion of hosts, changes in the tradition of the Monteria and grazing, definitive exclusion from the Festival of the bull and custom. This resulted in the gradual replacement of alano other imported breeds, in most of the times, in an unjustified way. Years later, you get even speculate about the possible disappearance of alano, Since his last appearance publishes occurs in Madrid, in the year 1963 (exhibition at the Retiro Park).
      But they have not disappeared, were some population loopholes in certain marginal areas, difficult access, as are certain mountains Cantabria, País Vasco, Burgos and Salamanca. These remnants of the population managed to survive thanks to its functional qualities, as for the farmers and hunters in the area, outside all fashion and with an enviable sense of practicality, there was simply no better animal to those committed to the Spanish Alano.

    Physical characteristics “Spanish Alano”

    Today, and thanks to the excellent work of recovery of some professionals and public bodies, the Spanish Alano virtually, remains unchanged, It's a medium dog of prey, strong, Agile and very serious. Specially equipped for the handling of cattle, for hunting and for custody.

    Little barking by nature, very resistant to pain and disease, tends to be suspicious and distrustful with strangers and bottom and very affectionate with its owner and family.

    # Alano Bou Corso Canary Islands Spanish dogo Bullmastiff
    Height 60,5 56,5 66 63 59,5 60,5
    Weight 35 36,5 47,5 58 47,5 59
    Eyes Clear Dark Dark Dark Entire range Dark
    Lines c/f Parallel Parallel Lig.converg Parallel Lig.converg
    Snout 36% 33% 33% 40% 30%

    Alano character and skills

    The Alano is an animal slow in their development, reaching maturity, physical and mental, over the two years. From that moment you will find a powerful animal, determined and very noble. As it's a dog selected primarily by their willingness to work, There is some variety of "types", Since the lighter Alans, gifted for hunting, until the heavier, suitable for grazing and save (livestock lines or old Bull Dog).

    Perhaps in recent times less attention to the latter is being, for the most consistent lines for hunting. Perhaps the lovers of this type of alano (Bull Dog), have to consider its viability as a separate race.

      In 1880 "prohibited the fate of"dogs the bull"and that is why Bull rings left keep dogs".

    On the other hand, to stop practicing "hunting in the round", becomes otherwise organize the montería so it is no longer interesting for cattle fall clasped by dogs, but to reach the positions where the montero is bet, who is who pays the entertainment. In these circumstances the flocks deshicieran of the Alans who had.

    Once a dog was useful whether it performed any task. The Spanish Alano "She ceased to have work" after selecting breeds of cattle more docile, so this race back to a dizzying to extinction speed.

    Images “Spanish Alano”

    Videos “Spanish Alano”

    Type and recognitions:

    • Molossoid, Bloodhound
    • Federations: Recognized in 2004 as a breed by the RSCE​ (Royal Canine society of Spain)

    Alternative names

      1. Spanish Alaunt, Spanish Bulldog, Spanish Alano, Alano (English).

      2. Alano espagnol (French).

      3. Alano español (German).

      4. Alano espanhol, Buldogue espanhol, Alão espanhol (Portuguese).

      5. Alano español, Bulldog Español (Spanish).

    American Mastiff
    Estados Unidos Not recognized by the FCI

    Mastín Americano

    The American Mastiff He was raised to be a family dog, they attest to this character and temperament

    Content

    History

    The American Mastiff "is a breed dog trotting kind that was developed over many years of selective breeding by Fredericka Wagner of"Flying W Farms” (Kennel dedicated to the race), in Piketon, Ohio, ago 20 or 25 years (the truth is that me I burned eyelashes looking for date exacta… and I have not given her).

    The objective was to develop a dog that had the size, temperament, the provision, and the appearance of the Mastiff breed, but with fewer health problems and did not lose as much saliva as other varieties of dog Mastiff, and that life expectancy was greater.

    Read more

    Australian Kelpie
    Australia FCI 293 . Sheepdogs

    Kelpie Australiano

    The Kelpie is very smart, laborious and is always alert.

    Content

    History

    The Australian Kelpie is a sheepdog developed around the decade of 1870 by Australian breeders by mixing several sheepdogs from Collie type imported directly from England. His goal was to develop a breed well adapted to Australian climatic conditions., especially to heat, and with enough independence to herd sheep and cows over a vast territory without too much supervision.

    Until very recently, the race was also thought to be mixed with the Dingoes, australian wild dog, but recent genetic studies have shown otherwise. However, towards the end of the 19th century the Australian Kelpie also mixed with shorthaired Scottish Sheepdogs, giving it the characteristics it has today.

    The word Kelpie has its origin in Celtic mythology. In fact, a Scottish legend mentions metamorphic spirits called kelpie, that appear most often in the form of a horse made of water, and lurking in the rivers and lakes of Scotland. These malevolent spirits are meant to attract humans, especially to children and young people, to his death. It is unclear how the name came to be associated with this breed of dog.. However, the story that comes up most often, although it is not officially documented, is that of a Scottish breeder named George Robertson who, in 1872, it is said that he named Kelpie one of the first specimens of this breed; this name would simply have remained afterwards to designate all the dogs of this breed.

    Today, there are around of 450.000 sheepdogs in Australia, and most of them are Australian Kelpie. Since the decade of 1930, two types of Kelpie have been used in Australia: those used as working dogs and those used as show dogs. Show lines developed as the breed gained popularity at dog shows. Having said that, in most other countries, this distinction doesn't really exist.

    In any case, the Australian Kelpie has been exported to many countries. This is particularly true in the United States., where its great flexibility has allowed it to adapt to different climates and terrains, as well as working with different types of livestock.

    Whether in Australia or anywhere else in the world, the Australian Kelpie has convinced by its versatility. In fact, not only is it an excellent sheepdog, both in real conditions and in sheepdog competitions, it can also be found in many other roles, like the sniffing dog of the police, therapy dog ​​or assistance dog for the blind.

    Although it is not yet officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Australian Kelpie is authorized from 2015 to participate in sheepdog competitions organized under the auspices of the organization. It is also not recognized in Great Britain by the Kennel Club.. On the other hand, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognizes the breed from 1973.

    Physical characteristics

    The Australian Kelpie worker and the Australian Kelpie competitive look similar, although the latter is slightly smaller and a little less thin. They are medium-sized dogs, very athletic and muscular that doesn't look heavy. Their characteristics give them great flexibility of movement and unlimited energy..

    The Australian Kelpie are slightly longer than tall, what gives them a perfect body for running. They have a slim appearance, with a deep chest and long strong legs. One of its peculiarities is that it seems to make no effort when running, a bit like I'm flying, with its four legs that seem to touch the ground at the same time.

    The Australian Kelpie has a slightly rounded skull with large, straight ears on top. The muzzle is conical, with a fairly small mouth and large teeth ready to chew. The eyes are oval in shape and in shades of dark brown.

    The standards of Australian Kelpie established by the various organizations that recognize the breed allow a fairly wide range of coat colors. However, in the countries – like australia – where there is a distinction between lines of work and lines of display, only one solid color layer is recognized for the latter. In fact, regardless of lineage, the Australian Kelpie is most often black or chocolate with red markings, blue-gray or beige.
    His hair is of medium length and covers a fairly soft undercoat..

    Character and skills

    The Australian Kelpie not a suitable animal for all families. In fact, is an extremely intelligent and energetic dog that requires a lot of attention. Hates being alone, and must be strongly stimulated mentally and physically, through at least two hours of daily exercise. In fact, not at all a suitable breed of dog for an elderly or very sedentary person, but rather for a very active and sporty master, willing to do different activities with your dog. Excels in activities that require agility like Frisbee or agility competitions.

    Like the vast majority of sheepdogs, to the Australian Kelpie he likes to be busy; you are never happier than when you have a task to do. Like this, in addition to the essential walks and / or races, it is recommended that each dog play with him or train him in various activities in which he must apply the instructions given by his master, which he does with great devotion and seemingly limitless energy.

    Lack of encouragement would be a huge problem for the Australian Kelpie; if bored, can become destructive, disobedient and engaging in various other behaviors intended to combat boredom, whether or not it conforms to the rules of the home. For example, can gnaw on various objects or make the garden look like a minefield by digging holes everywhere.

    Therefore, the Australian Kelpie he is not a sedentary dog ​​and can only be unhappy in a home that has little time and / or energy to give him. On the other hand, space is not necessarily a problem, as long as you get enough attention: can even cope with apartment living, whenever he has the opportunity to follow his master on excursions and activities, and thus be active daily.

    Usually makes a good family dog, but you may be tempted to “to play” with the pastor with the children or even with the visitors passing by. Therefore, take special care with the youngest, as you may be tempted to nibble on your heels to get them back to where you feel they belong, or to encourage them to participate in an activity. With the Kelpie, the shepherd instinct is never far away.

    The same goes for other pets, so it should be kept under surveillance if necessary. In any case, socializing him from a young age with other species can only be beneficial to prevent him from being mistaken for a herd once he is an adult.

    In addition, although they can get along with other dogs, generally prefer the company of humans to that of other dogs.

    Although originally developed for life on the farm, the Australian Kelpie not a dog to leave outdoors, since he gets bored quickly if separated from his family. However, as they are used to operating independently without much instruction, want to be an integral part of family life and tend to act like a member of the family rather than a pet. As a result, he is also a sensitive dog who does not like to be excluded from family activities.

    With a lot of frequency, owners who have not taken the trouble to inform themselves seriously before adoption end up abandoning their Australian Kelpie because it takes too much time and attention. The energetic character, Kelpie's need for activity and intelligence should be taken very seriously when it comes to choosing the breed of dog to adopt. In any case, when your needs are well cared for, he is a very nice and loyal companion.

    He does not easily trust strangers and is very territorial, it is also a very good watchdog, very alert and vocal, that alerts as soon as it hears a strange noise. Therefore, it is best to prevent strangers or even neighbors' pets from venturing into your territory, since I could be aggressive with them. The loud barking of the dog can also be problematic in an urban environment; if the dog is destined to live in the city, this is an aspect that should be particularly worked on as part of your education.

    Education “Australian Kelpie”

    The Australian Kelpie It is a breed of dog reserved for an experienced and very active owner. Either during training or after, it is important to give you clear and consistent rules, as it works much better in a structured environment.

    However, your training is made easier by the fact that you need to keep busy, and is therefore generally content to participate in dog training activities. Can also be trained to participate in family chores: either picking up the mail, picking up clothes or toys off the floor or helping bring groceries, always ready for a new activity, even at a young age. Completing tasks is an integral part of Kelpie's personality, and can help you feel part of the family.

    This willingness to be active and helpful makes the Australian Kelpie one of the easiest dog breeds to train. Excel in dog sports, they love to learn new orders and enjoy helping their owner. Training is not a particular problem, since they are completely obedient when they are sufficiently stimulated both intellectually and physically. On the other hand, boredom sets in soon, because he is an intelligent dog, and therefore learn quickly: it is useless to make him repeat the instructions too often, but he must be able to find new challenges and new activities for him regularly. A good solution may be to join a dog club that offers agility courses and games like Frisbee. (discdog).

    Dog training techniques based on positive reinforcement, leading to rewarding the dog for desired behavior rather than punishing it for inappropriate behavior, are preferable with the Australian Kelpie, who has a rather sensitive personality and does not respond well to punishment or an overly imposing master. In fact, there is no point wanting to show your dog at all costs that you are the master, since he does not perceive his dog as superior, but rather as a companion. Therefore, you should treat him with respect and not underestimate his intelligence, especially since he is used to working alone and without too many instructions.

    Last but not least, education should give priority to the socialization of the puppy from an early age, because the Australian Kelpie it is a territorial and distrustful dog. Otherwise, you risk becoming aggressive towards strangers and / or other animals. This will help you learn to react appropriately to strangers., preventing his natural mistrust from taking hold of him.

    Health “Australian Kelpie”

    The Australian Kelpie it is usually a healthy dog, but you run the risk of some of the problems often associated with the sheepdog group:

    • Abiotrofia cerebelosa;
    • Collie eye abnormality: Despite its name, this condition not only affects Collie: the Australian Kelpie you can also be a victim of it. This inherited recessive disease can even lead to blindness;
    • Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament: rupture of this ligament located in the knee can be caused by trauma (20% of the cases), but more often it is simply due to joint fragility or false movement. It can also be caused by early deterioration of the joint, which is common in very active dogs like Kelpie. It is the most common cause of lameness in this breed, and can cause arthritis;
    • dog hypothyroidism;
    • dog microphthalmia;
    • Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP): is the most common inherited disease in Collie family.

    Most genetic diseases can be prevented by tight control of the genetics of farm animals to reduce inbreeding, as well as by detecting these diseases to prevent individuals carrying these genes from producing offspring. These are, of course, points that any breeder of Australian Kelpie worthy is particularly attentive.

    Last but not least, the Australian Kelpie also leans for :

    • dog cryptorchidism;
    • Hip Dysplasia;
    • dislocation of the patella. May be of congenital origin, due to trauma or simply caused by wear and tear. The latter case is frequent in an active dog such as the Australian Kelpie.

    You also have a higher than average risk of being overweight, so special vigilance is required at this level, in particular by regularly weighing your dog to control his weight.

    Care and maintenance “Australian Kelpie”

    Like the fur of the Australian Kelpie can vary quite a bit from one individual to another in terms of density and length, so does its maintenance. However, usually sheds a large amount of hair throughout the year, so it is necessary to brush the dog twice a week. Hair loss is obviously even more pronounced during shedding periods, in spring and autumn, and then it is necessary to opt for a daily frequency to remove dead hairs.

    On the other hand, it is rare that you have to give your dog a bath: this is only necessary if you come into contact with a dirty or harmful substance.

    In addition, being a very active breed of dog, their claws tend to wear out naturally, and therefore rarely need to be trimmed.

    Looking at your teeth, pose no particular risk. All you need to do is brush your dog's teeth once a week.

    In general, the Australian Kelpie It is a fairly easy dog ​​to take care of. Above all, it is their great need for exercise and intellectual stimulation that makes them a demanding dog on a daily basis.

    Uses and activities”Australian Kelpie”

    It was originally developed as a sheepdog to herd and guide livestock, the Australian Kelpie has since become a versatile companion. Of course, also found in sheepdog competitions, but also as a police sniffing dog, psychological support dog, guide dog for the blind, but also simply as a family dog. In summary, it is a versatile animal that likes to keep busy and easily adapts to different contexts.

    In Australia, but the Kelpie still primarily a sheepdog, it is also increasingly used as a therapy and companion dog. In fact, his sensitivity and need to be in the company of humans make him an exceptionally attentive dog.

    In Sweden, Holland and Finland, they are used particularly as search and rescue dogs during accidents and disasters.

    How much does a “Australian Kelpie”?

    In Australia, a puppy of Australian Kelpie normally sold for about 580 Australian dollars (a few 350 EUR). Most of the individuals offered belong to working dog lines.

    In other parts of the world, depending on lineage and pedigree, the price of a puppy Australian Kelpie is between 750 and 3.000 EUR. As individuals sold outside of Australia mainly come from show dog lines, the price range is quite wide because the price goes up quickly if the puppy comes from a line with a reputation for having distinguished itself in the field.

    Characteristics "Australian Kelpie"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Australian Kelpie" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “"Australian Kelpie"“

    Photos:

    1 – Diesel, a pure-bred Australian Kelpie by my davepaku, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Australian Kelpie, liver & tan by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Kelpie australiano by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/kelpie-australiano-perro-ovejas-4217941/
    4 – AUSTRALIAN KELPIE, KORAD SE UCH Deepeyes Dance With Dragons III by Swedish Fair from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Kelpie australiano by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/nube-roja-kelpie-perro-pastor-2992780/
    6 – Chocolate Female Kelpie by Spinefly, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “"Australian Kelpie"“

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 293
    • Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs).
    • Section 1: Sheepdogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE

    FCI breed standard "Australian Kelpie"

    "Australian Kelpie" FCI [xyz-ips snippet=

    Alternative names:

      1. Kelpie (English).
      2. Kelpie (French).
      3. Kelpie (German).
      4. Kelpie (Portuguese).
      5. Kelpie (Spanish).

    American Water Spaniel
    Estados Unidos FCI 301 . Water Dogs

    Perro de Agua Americano

    The American Water Spaniel always delivered to work, is obedient and easy to train.

    Content

    History

    The American Water Spaniel It is a breed of dog originating in United States, little-known outside of North America.

    Although the exact origins of the American Water Spaniel remain a mystery, experts agree that it probably developed in the first half of the 19th century in the Fox and Wolf river valleys of Wisconsin, an American state in the Great Lakes region.

    During the conquest of the West in the 19th century, European settlers who moved to the Midwest regions of the United States brought their hunting dogs with them to help meet their food needs. Over the years, used various Old World breeds to create a new dog perfectly adapted to the peculiarities of hunting in the Great Lakes region. They needed a versatile animal with an excellent sense of smell, able to work both on land and in water, and expert in recovering downed waterfowl. They also wanted their companion to be compact enough to carry around in a small boat or canoe., and that it could withstand the cold water temperatures of Wisconsin.

    It is not possible to know with total certainty which races were used to achieve this, but experts believe they were the English Water Spaniel (now extinct), the Irish Water Spaniel, the Curly-coated Retriever, the Poodle and the Sussex Spaniel or other type of Spaniel. Native American dogs were also used in the various crosses.

    The small brown animal thus created was known at the time as American Brown Spaniel. It had thick curly fur that protected it from cold water and winter temperatures. They were used to hunt and retrieve waterfowl, but also for hunting on land, like grouse, quail and pheasant, as well as the occasional rabbit. At the end of the 19th century, the American Brown Spaniel had made a name for itself in the Great Lakes region and enjoyed some popularity among Wisconsin hunters, Michigan y Minnesota.

    However, the number of specimens of this breed began to decline rapidly in the early twentieth century, due both to the reduction of the duck population in these areas and to changes in hunting practices. In fact, hunting became at that time a leisure activity, more than in a true feeding medium. In addition, hunters began to prefer new European hunting dogs that were larger and more specialized in a specific type of hunting, already were Retrievers, Pointers or Spaniels.

    Fortunately, the American Brown Spaniel had a fervent admirer in Dr.. Fred J. Pfeifer, based in New London, Wisconsin. Firmly convinced that this dog should be preserved and recognized, Pfeifer created a kennel dedicated to the breed, Wolf River Cattery, and set out to save it from extinction. He spared no effort to offer his puppies to all corners of the country, mostly through various advertisements.

    The American Water Spaniel is probably one of the main races that contributed to the development of the Boykin Spaniel.

    The recognition and dissemination of American Water Spaniel

    The efforts of Fred Pfeifer and other enthusiasts who joined him paved the way for official recognition of the breed by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1920, with the name of American Water Spaniel. It was Pfeifer's own dog, called Curly Pfeifer, the first representative of the breed to be registered with the organization. The breed was also recognized by the Field Dog Stud Book in 1938 and by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1940.

    The breed took much longer to be recognized in other parts of the world. Like this, acceptance by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) did not occur until 1979, followed shortly after by that of British Kennel Club in 1981. The Canadian Kennel Club it is also among the organizations that recognize the race.

    Distribution and popularity

    In United States, the American Water Spaniel still extremely rare today, with a world population estimated at about 3.000 specimens, most of them in the American Midwest, especially in the states of Wisconsin, Minnesota y Michigan, where it is still very popular with hunters. The race occupies the position 165 (of something less than 200) in the breed classification of the American Kennel Club (AKC) depending on the number of annual registrations in the organization, and the situation has been comparable at least since the beginning of the 21st century. Obviously, the fact that it is one of only two sports breeds developed in the United States (along with the Chesapeake Bay Retriever) does not seem to be enough to make her popular with the American public.

    In the rest of the world, race is even more confidential.

    In France, for example, There are less than 10 registrations per year in the Livre des Origines Françaises.

    In Great Britain, the number of births registered with the Kennel Club is even zero most of the years.

    Physical characteristics

    The American Water Spaniel it is a compact dog, medium in size and well muscled. Designed to work in the icy waters and swampy shores of the Great Lakes region of the United States, they are perfectly equipped for it: the pads of its feet are thick, their toes are webbed and small enough to jump off a small boat without capsizing it. In addition, their hips and hind legs are strongly developed, which gives it some propulsion force and prevents it from jamming. Like this, able to cut through even wet hunting grounds.

    The head is well proportioned to the body. Ears are drooping. The eyes are long and wide, and they can be hazel colored, brown or amber. They contribute to a cheerful expression and a smart look. The nose is black or brown and the nostrils are well developed, which reminds us that this dog was designed to sniff out game. The nose is dominated by tight lips.

    The American Water Spaniel has a dense undercoat that greatly protects it from water, extreme temperatures and branches. The top layer is of medium length and can have even waves or tight curls. The density of the latter can vary from one area of ​​the body to another. In all cases, the head is covered with short, straight hair and the tail is moderately bushy.

    In addition, its top layer is naturally very oily to be waterproof and avoid scratches from vegetation. For this reason, their fur has a strong odor, and can sometimes leave a greasy stain when rubbed against a wall or furniture.

    The coat of the American Water Spaniel is always uniform and liver-colored, chocolate or black, although a small amount of white hairs are sometimes found on the fingers or on the chest.

    Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is quite marked in this breed, since the males are, average, considerably heavier and more massive than females.

    The standard the FCI is the same as the American Kennel Club. This indicates that the American Water Spaniel has a size ranging from the 38 - 45 cm and weigh in 13 - 20 kg. Some reaching a height of 50 cm and a weight of 23 kg. This not disqualifies them but costs them points.

    Character and skills

    Like most hunting dogs, the American Water Spaniel is full of energy and enthusiasm, and you need a good dose of daily exercise and mental stimulation to be balanced. As long as its owner meets your needs, either making them hunt, taking them for a run or letting them play with the children, they are excellent companion dogs.

    In fact, he's basically a jolly dog, friendly and loving, eager to please their owners and who likes to spend time with them. You may also become especially fond of the person who dedicates the most time and attention to you., but he is still very friendly with the rest of the tribe.

    Usually, have a strong affinity with the youngest, to the point of being a recommended dog breed with children. Inexhaustible, they love spending time with them, entertain them and participate in all kinds of activities with them, either on land or in the water. However, it is important to teach children to interact with them in a respectful way, to avoid any accident. In any case, no dog, whatever race he is and no matter how friendly he is, should be left unsupervised with a young child.

    You can play all day and, At night, snuggle into your family's lap for a hug.

    Sociable and affectionate with his family, the American Water Spaniel It, on the other hand, shy and suspicious of strangers, without showing aggressiveness. As a result, It may take several introductions before you finally decide to befriend someone you regularly meet..

    Nor does he feel very comfortable with his companions, and can sometimes be territorial and aggressive towards them. However, if you share your home with one of them or with a cat, considers you as a full member of your family, so normally there is no problem. This is even more true if you are used to being with him from a young age.

    The same cannot be said for a possible coexistence with a rodent or a bird., although it starts when it is still very young. In fact, the hunting instinct that makes you chase these species when you encounter them during your walks could lead you to do the same at any time, and thus end this coexistence.

    Letting him live with a dog or cat is not without interest in any case., because his proximity to his masters makes him easily suffer from separation anxiety if he stays alone for more than a few hours. So it's likely to bark excessively, which can quickly become a source of tension with neighbors. The presence of a little companion can keep you busy and ease your anxieties., although the best is, Obviously, have your family at home as often as possible. In any case, this dog is not really adapted for people who generally spend their days away from home.

    Developed to be a tough hunting companion, the American Water Spanielhas energy to spare: one or two short walks around the neighborhood a day are not enough to meet your exercise needs, and then he would have every chance of developing various behavior problems.

    Although it depends on the age and health of each, in general it is necessary to anticipate no less than one or two hours of activity a day so that the dog keeps moving. It is best to divide it into several opportunities throughout the day, for example combining two or three walks, jogging sessions or bike rides with a good period of play. Of course, if any of these activities offer the opportunity to bathe, Will be delighted, since it is a water-loving breed of dog.

    Giving him plenty of opportunities to exercise is the best way to avoid a number of potentially problematic behaviors., as it has a strong natural tendency to bite, dig and jump.

    In addition, as soon as your need for exercise is satisfied, namely, as soon as the day is full of outings that are as many opportunities to make you spend, can live in an apartment, although obviously it is far from being an ideal environment for him. In any case, if you spend a lot of time indoors, it is important to provide all kinds of balls, chew toys and other distractions that allow you to burn energy throughout the day.

    The fact is that the American Water Spaniel it's a country dog ​​at heart, much happier when you have access at all times to a large outdoor space where you can spend your energy. However, although he loves to play and spend time outdoors, it is out of place to put him there and spend most of his time away from his family, since you need prolonged and daily contact with her.

    In addition, if the house has a garden, it is advisable to make sure that it is well fenced, to avoid any leak. In fact, this dog has a pronounced hunting instinct and is a wanderer at heart: if given the opportunity, he is likely to run off hunting small critters or just exploring the surroundings.

    However, how he usually responds well to withdrawal orders once he has been properly trained, it is possible to walk without a leash in nature. On the other hand, in places where the presence of other dogs is very likely or even safe, it is better to wear him systematically on a leash, to avoid any risk of dog fighting.

    Last but not least, it is not likely that the American Water Spaniel be the best friend of the neighbor. In fact, although he is calm and affectionate with his family, he is very awake and barks a lot, sometimes for no apparent reason. This makes for an excellent watchdog., especially since his barks are quite loud, but also a potential source of trouble. However, this propensity to bark can be mitigated by addressing the problem in the context of their education.

    Education

    The American Water Spaniel can be stubborn and independent at times: he likes to do what he wants and may try to impose himself by behaving as a dominant, both with their masters and with other dogs. For this reason, you need to have an experienced and solid master in front of you, able to show your dog who decides and to keep a steady hand throughout his life, because at any time you can try to question the established order.

    However, he is also an intelligent dog and eager to please his caregiver, as soon as he recognizes him as leader of the pack. Therefore, responds well to an education that is firm, smooth and consistent, and this can give excellent results when in good hands.

    To get it, it is best to opt for short and motivating training sessions and not skimp on the use of positive reinforcement techniques: compliments, petting, candies, etc. On the other hand, it is advisable to avoid the use of punishments, that could affect this sensitive dog and degrade the trust he should have in his master.

    Learning to call back should be a top priority of your education if you are allowed to live off the leash. Otherwise, his hunting instinct would make him flee soon when small animals similar to prey pass.

    In any case, this instinct obviously makes it a good potential to be used for hunting. A little more training on the different hunting techniques is still needed to fully exploit it.

    Another aspect to address in the context of your education is barking, because he tends to be very barking. The ideal is to make him distinguish between what he deserves to bark and what he does not, as well as simply teaching him to stop immediately when asked.

    Last but not least, like any dog, the American Water Spaniel needs to be thoroughly socialized from a young age, facing all kinds of people, animals, places, situations and stimuli, to hone your social skills and allow you to grow balanced. This is all the more necessary since he tends to be shy, distrustful or even aggressive towards people or dogs you don't know.

    Health

    The American Water Spaniel is generally robust and healthy, which is explained in particular by the selection work that was at the origin of its creation and the multiple criteria that it had to meet at that time.

    Among these, resistance to cold and bad weather stood out., and its double layer perfectly fulfills the objective: protects her wonderfully from the cold (both on land and in the water) and from the elements, but also from the heat, even if in case of a heat wave you should be able to take refuge in the shade, or even in an air-conditioned place, in general it is able to adapt to almost any type of climate.

    His good general health does not prevent the American Water Spaniel are particularly prone to certain diseases:

    • theHip Dysplasia, joint malformation that can be caused by a hereditary cause causes pain, limp then causeosteoarthritis afrom a certain age;
    • Dermatitis sensitive to growth hormone,alopecia (hair loss)caused by a lack of growth hormone (somatropina).The latter is secreted by the pituitary gland, an endocrine gland that secretes many hormones and is necessary for coat growth. Affected people have varying degrees ofalopecia., but otherwise healthy. Veterinarians do not yet know if this condition is genetic or not. Hair loss often begins at puberty and males between 1 and 5 years are the most affected., it comes in the neck, torso, thighs and abdomen, and the underlying skin is noticeably darker due to increased pigmentation.This condition can be treated with injections of growth hormones, but it is expensive and difficult to obtain. Sterilization can sometimes solve the problem in men. In any case, in the absence of treatment, alopecia and hyperpigmentation can spread throughout the body, with the exception of the head and feet.How hereditary transmission is suspected,
    • The symmetric alopecia, causing a gradual loss of hair that usually begins between the 6 and 9 months of the puppy and progresses until the affected areas are completely bald, these are the neck, the back of the thighs and the tail.There is no treatment to date, but this condition does not significantly affect the lives of the affected people;
    • The waterfall, which is an increasing clouding of the lens of the eye, causing increasing difficulty in seeing, even blindness The disease can be inherited, usually occurs in old age and can be treated with surgery.
    • Retinal dysplasia, an abnormal development of the retina that often has a hereditary cause and results in the appearance of retinal folds. They bother the dog's sight in a more or less pronounced way, according to the degree of severity, the latter does not progress increasingly, because the disease is not progressive, there is no cure, but the other senses can compensate for the visual impairment.
    • The progressive retinal atrophy, incurable inherited disease that causes loss of photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye, gradually leading to the total blindness of the animal;
    • Entropion, which can be of hereditary origin and corresponds to the turning of an eyelid towards the inside of the eye, causing severe irritation of the eyeball (Red eyes, tearing, etc.). However, this condition can be treated surgically;
    • The Epilepsy, sometimes an inherited disorder causing sometimes impressive seizures cannot be cured, but lifelong treatment can allow affected people to lead near normal lives;
    • The Hypothyroidism, a deficiency of hormones produced by the thyroid gland that can cause all sorts of mild symptoms, lifelong treatment helps prevent them;
    • Allergies, that can be hereditary and have all kinds of origins: foods, domestic products, pollen, dust, insects, etc. The cause can be difficult to identify and, Therefore, allergy difficult to treat.
    • Theear infectionsbecause the sloping shape of the past favors the accumulation of moisture and dirt.

    In addition, an individual used for hunting is also more exposed to the risks involved in this activity: injuries, parasites,spikelets,etc.

    Taking into account that several diseases to which the breed is predisposed are or may be hereditary, going through a serious breeder who carefully selects his breeders is essential to maximize the chances ofadopt a puppythat not only has he benefited from good socialization since his first weeks. , but also that it gets rid of any hereditary ailment.

    The American Water Spaniel Club of America participate in the Canine Health Information Center (CHIC), a database ofcanine health.Any breeder worthy of the name must, Therefore, get a CHIC number for your dogs, which requires transmitting the results of the health tests of the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and those of the eye tests of the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF)., Whatever your conclusions, the fact that a dog has a CHIC number is not, therefore, a guarantee of good health, but your test results are publicly accessible on the CHIC website: This allows anyone considering theadoption of a puppycheck your results and also those of your parents.

    The breeder will also be able to present the results of additional genetic tests carried out to the parents or the puppy to detect some other diseases as well., in addition to providing a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as the details of the vaccines. administered. to the little one.

    Once the latter has moved to his new home, keep in mind that their bones and joints are especially fragile until they reach adulthood., It is necessary to avoid excessive or prolonged physical exercises while you are still young and in full growth, under penalty of causing injury or even deformity, so potentially life-long consequences.

    In addition, even if he seems to be in perfect health, any dog ​​should be examined by a vet at least once a year for a full checkup, this can allow detecting a possible problem as soon as possible, and you can also take the opportunity to have your vaccination reminders done at the same time., your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year whenever necessary, so that also at this level you are never unprotected.This is even more important since you spend a lot of time outdoors..

    Life expectancy

    12 - 13 years

    Grooming

    The curly coat of the American Water Spaniel needs to be brushed once or twice a week to prevent tangling and to help evenly distribute sebum, the natural oil that protects your skin. This dog sheds relatively little throughout the year, but much more in spring and autumn, so it is necessary to opt for a greater frequency of brushing during these times to remove dead hair and prevent it from accumulating throughout the house.

    Some hunters choose to shear their pets regularly to prevent foliage and branches from sticking to their fur.. A companion dog can be left with its coat untrimmed, or cropped and ears shaved for a more polished look.

    It must be taken into account that the upper layer of the American Water Spaniel is naturally rich in sebum. This can cause some discomfort in everyday life., like a certain smell or grease marks in the house, when rubbed against a wall or furniture.

    However, it only needs to be washed when it is very dirty or smells bad. In effect, a too frequent bath would lead to the loss of the natural oils that protect their coat, which would cause irritations by making your skin drier. In any case, it is essential to consistently use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, since the pH of your skin is different from that of human skin. In addition, a good habit to adopt is to systematically rinse the dog with fresh water after each visit to salt water or algae, to avoid any irritation.

    It is also useful to dry the ears after each bath or spending a long time in a humid place, because its drooping shape predisposes it to otitis. They should also be inspected and cleaned every week, to prevent moisture or dirt build-up that can cause infection.

    Like any dog, it is also advisable to check your eyes and clean their contour every week, there too to avoid any infection. This is especially helpful as you are prone to various diseases at this level., some of which can be treated.

    The weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to brush your teeth, making sure to use a toothpaste designed for canines. This helps prevent tartar buildup and the risks that come with it.: bad breath, oral diseases, etc. Ideally, do it more often, even every day if possible.

    The nails of the American Water Spaniel generally require less attention, as their high level of activity means that they generally wear out naturally and do not need to be trimmed manually. However, it is better to make sure every one or two months. In any case, as soon as rubbing is heard when walking on hard surfaces, it's time to take care of them. Otherwise, could get in the way, but also break it or even hurt it.

    Coat care, the ears, the eyes, your dog's teeth and nails is not something to be taken lightly. If they are not done correctly, not only could they be ineffective, they could also harm you. So don't hesitate to learn them from a vet or professional groomer the first time., to learn how to do it. In addition, it's better not to wait to start: the sooner the dog gets used to these different manipulations, more easily accept them throughout your life.

    Last but not least, a brief visual inspection of its coat and different parts of its body each time you return from a long stay abroad (for example, during a hunting day) allows you to quickly detect a possible wound or the presence of a parasite, a spike, A spike…, and act accordingly to avoid taking too large proportions.

    Utility

    The American Water Spaniel was developed to be a versatile hunter. Specialized in hunting waterfowl, this talented and resilient swimmer is delighted to jump into the water to retrieve the downed game, so much that it could be considered a Retriever as a Spaniel. On land, they are mainly used to hunt grouse, quail, pheasants and rabbits. Still popular with hunters in the Midwest, where are they from?.

    In addition to his athletic qualities, his intelligence also allows him to excel in many sports and dog activities such as agility, obedience, Flyball, canicross, field trial, tracking… and of course hunting competitions.

    How much can you exercise?, it is also a wonderful pet. It is the ideal companion for an experienced owner, have a garden and be active enough to meet your significant need for activity (or that I can delegate this task in part to the children) and that he is present enough at home to avoid being alone too long. His distrust of strangers and loud barking also make him an excellent watchdog..

    Last but not least, sometimes found as a therapy dog ​​entrusted to a person suffering from a problem, a use where your gentle and affectionate temperament can work wonders.

    Price

    The American Water Spaniel it is a rare breed of dog, so very few puppies are born per year. The vast majority of breeders are in Michigan and Wisconsin ((UNITED STATES)UU.), and they usually have waiting lists of a few months to a year. They usually offer their puppies between 600 and 1.000 $ (between 500 and 900 EUR).

    It is very difficult to find a breeder outside the United States.

    Importing from abroad is often the only possible option for adopting a American Water Spaniel, transportation and administrative costs are added to the purchase price, not to mention the cost of eventual registration in the national registry of the country of adoption. In addition, it is important to respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad.

    Characteristics "American Water Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "American Water Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “American Water Spaniel”

    Videos “American Water Spaniel”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 3: Water Dogs
    • AKCSporting
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "American Water Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - "American Water Spaniel"
    Dog

    Alternative names:

      1. American Brown Spaniel, American Brown Water Spaniel, AWS (English).
      2. American Water Spaniel, Epagneul d’eau américain (French).
      3. American Water Spaniel (German).
      4. (em inglês: american water spaniel) (Portuguese).
      5. American Water Spaniel, Spaniel de Agua Americano (Spanish).

    Australian Cattle Dog
    Autralia FCI 287 - Sennenhund

    Pastor Ganadero Australiano

    The Australian Cattle Dog is a rustic dog, robust and without health problems.

    Content

    History

    The Australian Cattle Dog It is a dog originating in australian. In comparison with other races its history is very well documented, because it is a relatively recent.

    At the beginning of the 19th century the livestock industry in Australia had grown to the Plains and on the huge tracts of land. The cattle had become harsh and wild beasts, the Smithfields, until then their dogs of grazing, they already lost control often livestock. These dogs them due to the heat and the distances traveled to move livestock, They also tended to biting and barking lot, knowing pasture sheep and cattle do not, and sometimes with horns, they were injured. This problem existed both in Australia in the United States and while the Americans invented the Cowboys (Cowboys) Australians invented dogs jeans.

    In 1830 a cross of Smithfields took place with Dingoes, the primitive dog that lives in Australia and killed the cattle. This, be regarded as a pest at that time, He went on to be the best contribution to this race. It was believed that more coupled climate dogs would result in, to work and quieter. Were dogs of red hair, silent but that mordían more. This breed was unsuccessful and died.

    In 1840 another farmer with the same concern but different approach, imported a couple of Bearded Collie blue-haired scotland, were dogs that barked much. The offspring of this couple crossed it with the Dingo and got a silent working dog with either blue or red fur.

    Other races introduced to this cross: the Dalmatian in order to ensure that dogs will also work with horses and more faithful and reliable for masters. The Kelpies black or straw color, Australian foresee dogs; to reaffirm their job skills that had been lost by crossing Dalmatians. The influence of Dalmatians I create puppies with white fur at birth and that changes color at three weeks of age from a smooth coat to another gray. Of the Kelpie straw colored markings on legs, chest and head. The end result was an active dog, compact, with the caution of Dingo, the reliability of a Dalmatian, the skill of a Collie and Kelpie, and unique in the world fur coloration.

    In the early 1890's the Sr. Robert Kaleski became interested in these dogs; as he lover of them and at the same time journalist decided to give to know this race and make it achieved in 1903 the Kennel Club of Wales accepted the first standard of the breed. Strongly believed in the important contribution of blood the Dingo for livestock grazing and eventually introduced dingoes to the crossing to maintain the efficient talonero.

    In November of 1988 It was formed in Australian Cattle Dog Club of America in California. The 1 ° of may of 1980 they petitioned the AKC license (American Kennel Club) and the 1 ° of September of that year was granted.

    In all these years Australians livestock herders have been gaining ground both at work and in the heart of the masters. They are known with many names or nicknames: “Blueys” (azulitos), “Blue Dogs” (blue dogs), “Heelers” (taloneros), “Queenlad heelers” (taloneros Queens), “Blue heelers” (Blue taloneros), “Red heelers” (Red taloneros) and so are erroneously called “Dingoes”.

    Physical characteristics

    The Australian Cattle Dog they are a moderate breed in all respects. They must be balanced, symmetric, robust and compact. Judging this race we must seek a harmonious dog.

    We often hear: “It must be of large head”; This is fine if the body is in line with the head. The standard of the breed does not require a large head but a head according to the body, or of a heavy bone structure, If disagrees with the rest of the dog.

    The Australian Cattle Dog he's a working dog, created strong, compact, symmetric, with the ability and willingness to carry out its assigned no matter how difficult task will be. Its combination of substance, power, balance sheet and strong muscle condition, leads to great agility, strength and endurance. Both too big and fat dog, as one too small and thin, they would have serious faults. We must see the dog altogether. A large head does not make a good dog, not a very crude bone structure.

    Remember: BALANCE SHEET, SYMMETRY AND MODERATION.

    As its name says, It's primary function and no one matches, It is the control and management of livestock in open or closed extensions. Always alert, extremely intelligent, lookout, brave and reliable, with a total devotion to duty, making it the ideal dog.

    A dog that is gentle in nature, outside of obese condition, will lose points. They are athletes and should always give that appearance.

    In appearance it comes to draw the presentation…

    • The head It is strong and it must be proportional to the body of the dog, to maintain its overall conformation. The wide skull is slightly curved between ears. The mejilla5 are muscular, Neither crude nor prominent, strong jaw. The lips are clean and tight. !.nose is always black. A gluttony for measuring head is from the tip of the nose, passing between the eyes, stop ear tip; through the skull back through the eye to the tip of the nose; They must be measured an equilateral triangle.
    • The eyes: they are oval shaped, medium-sized, Neither prominent nor sunken, they should express State of alert and intelligence, are dark brown in colour.
    • The ears: they should be of moderate size, preferable to small to large, broad base and pointed tip, or round as spoon, Neither plicate of bat. Placed separate head inclined outwards. They must be thick, fleshy and covered with weight on the inside. The teeth would be strong, with equal separations, with grip, bite and scissors, the lower incisors just before close and playing at the incisive superiors.
    • The neck: is very strong, muscular, It allows you to turn the head to the body, It must not be loose or have hanging skin.
    • Front rooms: the forearm should join the shoulder almost in 90%. There is a tendency in the short forearms that does not allow you to the correct length needed. They must be just as the cross to the elbow to elbow on the floor. It must not exceed the width of the chest to the elbows. The creation of exaggeration is a problem in the race.
    • Proportions: The dog must be 10% longer than high, many are unfortunately very short and it subtracts them movement and flexibility.
    • Hindquarters: strong, widths, muscular. The rather long rump to slant, long thighs, wide and well developed. Seen from the back should be parallel and rights, not very close to each other, not very separate.
    • The legs: round, with fingers long and together. Hard bearings, short and strong nails.
    • The tail: placed moderately downward, following the contour of the thigh and rump of length until reaching the hocks. When rest with a slight curve. Movement or shaking the tail should be raised. At no time the queue should be beyond a vertical line that part of the root (or coiled). The tail should be abundant fur.
    • When it is in movement and walking: the action is real, free, flexible to tireless, and the movement of shoulders and fourth front is unison with the force of the rear. The rapid and unexpected movements ability is elementary. When they trotting legs tend to join the ground as the speed is on the rise.
    • Weight and height: The male can be measured in 46 cm to 51 cm., and weigh between 20 and 26 kg. The female can be measured in 43 cm to 48 cm., and weigh between 18 and 23 kg. Here there is almost no problems, because height requirements have been maintained with ease.
    • Fur: The hair is soft, with double layer being the shortest denser.; the hair of the longest layer is closed, each hair is, straight and hard, Why which is waterproof. On the hind legs the coat is long where join the thighs. In the head (even within the ears) up to the front of the legs the coat is short. Around the neck, longer and thicker. A very short or very long hair will be a lack. Curly hair in wavy is evident in the very adult females.
    • Colors of the mantle:
    1. Blue: the color can be blue, graying blue, Blue mottled with or without other brands. Allowed in brands are, black, Blue or straw in the head, preferably symmetrical. Paws straw halfway and extending to the front to the chest and throat, and in the jaws. The Undercoat may be straw in the body where it stands not out to the blue upper layer. The black marks on the body are not desirable.
    2. Red: the color should be very smooth throughout the body, including the bottom layer (either white or cream), with or without red marks on the head. Symmetrical marks are desired. The red marks on the body are permitted but not desired.

    There are two main problems in color. The blue dogs tend to black and the second are the Red dogs without freckles. The latter is more than a problem, and one of the reasons why the reds are less dominant than blue.

    Character and skills

    The Australian Cattle Dog are very versatile and tireless workers who adapt various activities. They have been used as search and rescue dogs, bombs and drugs detectors, service and of course dogs, livestock grazing.

    A Australian Cattle Dog not the ideal dog to lock him in a yard. These dogs require working and living together with people or at least the presence of someone to her around in the absence of their day-to-day work. Isolated in the courtyard of a house in the city the edge to create problems.

    Dr. Harvey, Veterinary Australia, It has two of these dogs and also attends many more as patients. The comments: “The main problem that I see and that surpasses much to others, is the behaviour of these animals, everything is due to boredom and lack of exercise. Since they are very good guardians, people leave them in their backyard taking care of the House, completely ignoring their needs for exercise and mental stimulation”.

    A Australian Cattle Dog can live in an apartment or on a ranch 20 hectares, the problem is not the space; It is the exercise and the time the owner puts into his dog. If no is given a job the dog, the same is going to invent:

  • Garden design: holes, plants cropped or out of place.
  • Interior design: biting furniture tapestry, Chew chairs, dig a way out of the street, spreading garbage around the House, etc.
  • Another very common problem in the cities is the natural tendency with these dogs to protect your family and your home. Even without training, they defend their territory from outsiders, including the milkman, the postman and anyone who is not familiar

    In some rural places of United States commonly used alerts that warn that this place is guarded by Pastor Ganadero Australian, to avoid that strangers come. If there are children running, screaming, any dog grazing naturally want to corner to put them under control; with biting and barking. If their children have guests it is preferable to keep the dog, because it will not allow their masters to be touched, even by game.

    Social coexistence with children must be at an early age, dogs are taloneros by nature to instinctively chase other animals, Yet these dogs are very adaptable and can learn to suppress their natural inclinations part. They are a perfect companion for the family and its children. Once you know the dog and controls, their obedience will surprise your guests.

    Dr. Harvey also believes about coaching: “The Australian Cattle Dog it is very manageable; as a coach and scholar of the behavior, He catalogued it as the most adaptable dog who had worked with. However these dogs do not respond well to the method in which force them.

    After several months of unnecessarily trying to train a female with straps of punishment, correct and other, opt for more motivational methods and the results were excellent. The confidence and enthusiasm can be seen in the position of the tail. A dog with a drop tail, probably this suppressed or bored, a raised tail denotes a dog active and attentive.

    Therefore the coaches that without the knowledge of the race, using traditional methods, such as the drawing with the collar of punishment; they invariably consider them fools, irritable and difficult. Coaches using positive methods, they believe that they are very attentive and willing to learn. Kalesky once said: “A Australian Cattle Dog should we remember a typical Dingo, and this is very important if we want to describe the race.

    Before you choose the puppy we must stop to think for what they want to this dog, as a pet, as a guard dog, dog of grazing, dog for beauty exhibition, etc. Now let's see how they behave all the puppies in the litter. The one we see who fights all his brothers, would serve to guard; the largest and that always sleeps because it is where most ate, It would be fine as a pet or for beauty, the more chiquitos resembling whirlwinds have learned to make an extra effort to obtain their food fought against the elderly, they would be ideal for the job. But there is no written rule the nature of the dogs molded it in a large percentage owners, in this way one very aggressive can be very manso and vice versa. Always take into account the opinion of the breeder.

    Faults occur in all races, without them there would be challenges for farmers. It is important to be attentive to the faults to overcome them. The faults are only an obstacle in our attempt to raise the perfect dog. Look at your dog with eyes of critic, see the faults and strive to rectify them. Don't want to pretend that they there is no because there is not a perfect dog.

    The loyalty of Australian Cattle Dog will keep him next to his master, more than anything in the world, They must be with the master, accompany you and assist you in everything. The easiest way of making them happy is having them on your side. If you leave the lane, It can be that the dog will bite the heels, But if you are the ideal type to have an Australian, This morderá you heart.

    Australian Cattle Dog – Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines. The problems observed in the Australian Cattle Dog include hip dysplasia, patellar dislocation, portosystemic shunts, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and genetic deafness.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Australian Cattle Dog with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Australian Cattle Dog – Grooming

    The Australian Cattle Dog has a flat, hard coat that is resistant to rain and dirt. This makes grooming a simple task – only needs to be brushed once or twice a week to remove dead hair. For this you can use a bristle brush or slippery bristles. He will remove his short and dense undercoat once or twice a year, which will require more brushing. Other tools to keep on hand are a comb and undercoat rake.

    The Australian Cattle Dog you will only need occasional baths if you get very dirty. Check your ears to make sure they are clean and dry and that there is no evidence of infection. Your adult dog will need to have his nails trimmed about once a month, depending on wear. Puppies may need a weekly nail cut. Brush your dog's teeth regularly to promote good dental hygiene and fresh breath.

    Characteristics "Australian Cattle Dog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Australian Cattle Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Australian Cattle Dog Images

    Australian Cattle Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 2 –> Cattle Dogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 287
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 2 Sennenhund, except Swiss boyeros
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • FCI breed standard "Australian Cattle Dog"
  • AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. ACD, Cattle Dog, Blue Heeler, Red Heeler, Queensland Heeler (English).
      2. Australian cattle dog (French).
      3. Australischer (German).
      4. Australian Cattle Dog (Portuguese).
      5. Ganadero Australiano, Boyero australiano, Perro Australiano de Ganado, Perro Ganadero Australiano (Spanish).
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