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American Eskimo
Estados Unidos - Not recognized by the FCI

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The American Eskimo dog (American Spitz or “Eskie”) is a descendant of the Spitz from the north of the European continent.

Esquimal Americano



In northern europe, the Spitz smaller ones ended up becoming the different races of German Spitz. European immigrants brought their pets Spitz to United States, especially to New York, early twentieth century, “all of them descendants of German Spitz largest, the Keeshond, the Pomeranian white and the Volpino Italiano.

Although white was not always a recognized color in the different breeds of German Spitz, in general it was the preferred color in the US. In a display of patriotism around the time of World War I, dog owners began to refer to their pets as American Spitz instead of German Spitz

After World War I, the little dogs Spitz came to the attention of the American public when the dogs became popular entertainers in the American circus. In 1917, the Cooper Brothers Railway Circus introduced his dogs. A dog called Stout’s Pal Pierre was famous for walking a tightrope with the Barnum and Bailey Circus in the 1930, and the sale of puppies after the show also contributed to its popularity. Due to the popularity of circus dogs, many of the current american eskimo dogs they can trace their lineage to these circus dogs.

After the Second World War, dogs remained popular pets. Postwar contact with Japan led to the importation into the United States of the Japanese Spitz, that may have been crossed with the American Eskimo at that time.

The breed was officially recognized for the first time as American Eskimo already in 1919 by the United Kennel Club (UKC) de EE.UU., and the first written record and history of the breed was printed in 1958 by the UKC. At that time there was no official breed club and no breed standard., and the dogs were accepted for registration as individual dogs, based on appearance.

In 1970 the National American Eskimo Dog Association was founded (NAEDA), and individual dog searches ceased. In 1985, breeders who wanted to register the breed in the American Kennel Club (AKC) they created the American Eskimo Dog Club of America (AEDCA). Following AKC requirements for breed recognition, the AEDCA collected the pedigree information of 1.750 dogs that now form the basis of the AKC recognized breed, that it's called American Eskimo dog.

The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995. The herd book was opened from 2000 to 2003 in an attempt to register more lines originally registered by the UKC, and today many dogs american eskimo dogs they have double registration in both American canine clubs.

The breed was recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club in 2006


Physical characteristics

American Eskimo
Cute pose, but she was actually a little freaked about the camera. (American Eskimo) – Christmas w/a K, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The American Eskimo dog -also known as Spitz German American– comes in three different size varieties, small to medium. The dogs of the call “size toy” reach a height at the withers of up to 30 cm and a weight of between 2,7 and 4,5 kg. The version named “Miniature” has a cross height of between 28 and 38 cm.. The weight of the dogs ranges from 4,5 and 9 kg. The largest variety, the “Standard”, reaches a height of 36 to 48 cm and weighs between 8 and 16 kg.

The coat of the american eskimo dog clearly resembles that of the Spitz. It is straight in position and of medium to long length. Dogs have a double coat that protects them from the wind and the elements. Approved coat colors are white and cream.

Life expectancy

The life expectancy of dogs of this breed is between 12 and 14 years.

Character and skills

The american eskimo dog considers himself a cheerful and friendly companion. He is very affectionate with his owners. He is always ready to defend his family with courage and without fear. Due to this strong bond with its congeners, these dogs are quite dependent and dependent. But, they are stubborn and, sometimes, stubborn, so they need a loving but constant education. In general, dogs are considered fairly easy to train.

It also, the American Eskimo is intelligent and capable of learning. They can be trained well and they can also learn little tricks, so they have already achieved a considerable degree of fame in the circus. These smart Spitz they need to be very busy so that the mental sub-challenge does not lead to bad behavior.

The American Eskimo he is very awake and they like to bark, so they are often used as watchdogs. But, they do not usually bite and do not show aggressiveness.

Videos "American Eskimo"

Cute American Eskimo Puppy's First Days At Home

American Eskimo Dogs | Breed Judging 2020

Alternative names:

  • Cloud Spitz
  • American Spitz
  • German Spitz
  • Cloud, Eskie
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