Bélgica FCI 83


The Schipperke is a happy dog, resistant, energetic, a skillful Hunter and good guardian.

The origins of the Schipperke are very old. Already, in documents dating from the late 17TH century refers to a dog whose characteristics described perfectly a copy of Schipperke, She lived primarily with the midwives of the District of Brussels Saint Geey.

It is the typical dog of the shoemakers of the era that, In addition to making shoes used to organize very special dog, Since that most importantly was not the aspect of canine copy but the necklace that had been, manufactured by hand by the shoemakers.

Some authors speak of a legend that, somehow describes a key characteristic of this dog.

Apparently, in one of those dog shows a zapatero not endured defeat and moved by the ira that it caused him to lose in an outburst was and cut off the tail to the winning dog.

However, against all odds the copy of the amputated tail was so successful that thereafter the amputation of the tail began to apply to all copies.

On behalf of the race comes from the Flemish, Schipperke means "small boatman". And the man was given because this dogs accompanied the archers that pass through the channel of Flanders, they were aboard the boats eliminate any small vermin that would cast and also performed guard duties, given that barked furiously to any strange.

At how small it is a dog that brings together many characteristics typical of large breed.

The Schipperke is one of the smallest of Spitz type, with which it shares much similar. In these breeds of medium size look similar to the Schipperke small, in different parts of the world we find the Wolfsspitz (Keeshond), Großspitz, Mittelspitz, Kleinspitz, Zwergspitz (Pomerania), Samoyed, the Norwegian Elkhound, Volpino Italiano, Laïka, Finnish Spitz, India Spitz, Japanese Spitz and the American Eskimo dog.

The Schipperke is recognized for the first time as a breed standard in the year 1880, but was formalized in the year 1889. Much of what is known of their origins and early history comes from Chasse et Pêche, a Frenchman who wrote for the magazine “Hunting and fishing“, articles of which were translated into English and published by the English magazine “The Stockkeeper”.

Physical characteristics

At first sight, the Schipperke seems a Belgian Shepherd Groenendael miniature.

It is of a small dog, very elegant but well made and muscular. Its quite similar to a Fox head, with the front wide that it is narrowing as close your eyes.

There are two varieties, whose only distinction is the weight. In the smaller of 3 to 5 kg and the largest of 5 to 9 kg.

The snout It is sharp and has a pronounced stop. The ears are small, triangular and slightly separated.

The eyes they are brown in color and rather oval shaped. His characteristic garment consists of a long and very black hair and is completely waterproof. It is significantly longer in the collar area, horsehair, the bodice and back of legs.

The color only recognized by the FCI is the Black zaino. As they grow older, It is normal to be detected small of coloration forming a gray color in places such as the snout.

The puppies are born with tails in different lengths, and in Canada and the United States, the tail is usually being cut the day after birth. In countries that are forbidden to cut off the tail, the Schipperke look natural tail, It falls curved over the back of the dog.

Schipperke: Standard FCI


HEAD: Form Lupoid, Cuneiform, but not too long, and wide enough be in harmony with the rest of the body. The supraorbital and zygomatic arches are moderately arched. The transition of the cranial region to the facial region is visible, but it is not very pronounced.

CRANIAL REGION: Fairly broad forehead, drops into the eyes, profile view is slightly rounded. The top lines of the skull and nose spout are parallel.

Depression front naso (Stop): Marked, but without exaggeration.


  • Nose: Small, Truffle always black.
  • Snout: It is made more pointed towards the region of the truffle ; well chiseled, not very long, the tip is not truncated; the length is approximately 40% the total length of the head ; straight nose cane.
  • Lips: Black, well together.
  • JAWS/teeth: Healthy and well implanted teeth. «Bite in the form of scissors». Accepted the bite in the form of «clip». Complete denture, the dental formula for. The absence of one or two premolars is acceptable 1 (1 PM1 or 2 PM1) or a premolar 2 (1 PM2) and are not taken into consideration the molars 3 (M3).
  • Cheeks: Dry, they blend smoothly with the sides of the snout.
  • Eyes: Dark brown color, small, almendrada form, or sunk, or prominent ; the look is mischievous, intense and penetrating; the eyelids are lined in black.
  • Ears: Straight, very small, pointy, triangular (the more possible equilateralmente), set high, but not very close together, firm, excessively mobile.

NECK: Strong, powerfully muscular; It seems more bulky because of the abundant hairs on the collar. Is medium length, well loose, good sized, is more erect when the dog is attentive, with the slightly arched top margin.

BODY: Short and broad, therefore compact, but not too bulky or heavy, Ideally square (inscriptible in a box). Thus, its length, from the tip of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock, It is approximately equal to the height at the withers.

  • Top line: The top margin of the back and the spine is straight and taut, often it rises slightly from rump to cross.
  • Cross: Very sharp. It seems even more raised because of the horsehair.
  • Back: Short, straight and strong.
  • Pork loin: Short, broad and compact.
  • Rump: Short, wide and horizontal; the rear of the rump, and therefore the union between the rump and the tip of the buttock, It is harmoniously rounded, What is known as "Guinea pig back".
  • Breast : Well descended to the level of the elbows; wide in front and behind the shoulders, Thus, the ribs are well arched; profile, the front part of the chest (backsplash) is well prominent.
  • Bottom line: The lower part of the chest is well descended, reaching to the elbows, upload lightly and harmoniously towards the belly, It is slightly raised, or pendant, or agalgado (retracted).

TAIL: High implementation. Some dogs are born Anurans (completely tailless) or with rudimentary or incomplete queue (stump tail or short tail) and they may not be penalized by this. At rest, a natural tail (at least reaches the Hock) It must be preferably fall and it can be raised in action, in the prolongation of the upper line, but it is preferable that it does not exceed. Accepted the tail curled or carried on the back.

LIMBS: Thin bones that are well below the body.


  • As a whole: They are well aplomados seen from all angles, and they are perfectly parallel, seen from the front; its length, from the ground up to the elbows, It is almost equal to the half of the height at the withers.
  • Shoulder: Long and well oblique, the angulation of the shoulder is normal.
  • Arms: Long and enough oblique.
  • Elbows: Firm, or peeled, or together.
  • Forearms : Straight, seen from the front are quite separate.
  • Carpi (dolls): Smooth and firm.
  • Metacarpus: Rather short. Seen from the front, in straight prolongation of the forearms, profile, at least very slightly inclined.
  • Previous feet: Small, round and together («Jack's foot»); the arched toes; short nails, strong and always black.


  • As a whole: They must be under body, and be perfectly parallel, seen from the back.
  • Thighs: Long, very muscular. They seem to be wider due to the dense pants.
  • Knee: Approximately in composure with the rump; the angle of the knee is normal.
  • Legs: Approximately of the same length as the thighs.
  • Hocks: Good angulation, without exaggeration.
  • Metatarsals: Rather short; the presence of spurs is not desirable.
  • Back feet: As the front or a little bit longer than.

MOVEMENT : At a trot, the movements are elastic, firm, with median amplitude, a good boost of the hind, the back stays horizontal and members move in parallel ; the movement of the previous members must be in harmony with the later and elbows must not be separated. At a higher rate, Members converge.

SKIN: Tight all over the body.


Hair: The outer layer of hair is abundant, dense, straight, enough hard, of fairly firm texture, therefore, is dry and sturdy to the touch, and shape with the inner layer of hair, It is soft and dense, excellent protection. Hair is short on the ears and short on the head, the front of the previous members, hocks and rear cannons. On the body, the hair is medium length and glued.

Around the neck the hair is much longer and more separate, starting at the outside edge of the ears, forming, especially in the male, but also in the female, a wide and well typical «necklace» (long hairs around the neck, on each side stem), a «mane» (long hairs on the upper region of the neck, It extends up to about the cross and even shoulders) and a «bodice» (long hairs on the lower region of the neck and the front of the chest (backsplash), that spread between the forelimbs and are progressively completed under the breast). On the back of the thighs, long and abundant hairs, cover the anal region and whose ends are directed inward in a very typical way, they form the 'trousers». The tail is adorned with a hair of the same length as the body hair.

Color: Black zaino. The inner layer of hair should not be absolutely black, but it can be also dark gray if it is covered entirely by the outer layer of hair. Are accepted a little gray due to age, for example on the snout.


Weight: Of 3 to 9 kg. Looking for an average weight of 4 to 7 kg.

FAULTS: Any deviation from the above mentioned criteria is considered an absence and severity of this refers to the degree of deviation to the standard and its impact on the health and welfare of the dog.

General appearance: Heavy, lack of substance; paticorto patilargo ; elongated body, rectangular (inscriptible in a rectangle).
Head: Too long or too short. Skull and nasal cane lines that are not parallel; appearance of Fox; very outgoing supraorbital or zygomatic arches.

  • Cranial region: Too narrow, very rounded or arched front ("Apple-shaped").
  • Snout: Very long, gripper; thick, truncated; convex nose cane (Roman).
  • Teeth: Misaligned or poorly implemented incisors.
  • Eyes: Large, round or prominent, color clear ("Hazel" is still accepted).


  • Breast : Strait, plane, cylindrical; not enough descended.
  • Rump: Long, inclined, about-high; interrupted curvature of the back edge (transition grupa-parte back of thighs).
  • Members: Too little or too much angled members.
  • Movement: Closed, very short strides, with very little momentum, bad transmission in the back (When the dorsal line is not maintained correctly in action), movement raised the forelimbs or hopping in the subsequent.


  • Hair: Too short (Satin), too long, little, soft or silky, wavy, very close to the body or too pendant; little or no collar, horsehair, breast or trouser (more serious is lacking in the male, especially the absence of necklace). Lack of hair on the bottom layer.
  • Color: Grey reflections, Brown or reddish in the upper layer of hair. Some occasional white hairs on the toes.

Character: Apathetic or timid dog.


  • Teeth: Absence of an incisor (1 I), three premolars 1 (3 PM1), or two premolars 2 (2 PM2).


  • Aggressive or fearful dog.
  • Any dog showing clear physical abnormalities or behavioral signs shall be disqualified.
  • Lack of racial.
  • Upper prognathism; lower prognathism, even without loss of contact (inverted articulation) ; Cross occlusion ; crooked mouth ; absence of a canine (1 C), a tooth top butcher (1 PM4) or lower (1 M1) or a molar (1 M1, or 1 M2, except for the M3), of a premolar 4 (Lower PM4), of a premolar 3 (1 PM3) and another tooth, or four teeth in total or more (except the four premolars 1).
  • Depigmentation of the nose, the lips and eyelids.
  • Hanging ears or semi erect.
  • Long and soft or silky hair, so it obviously type fur «hair long»; long ear hair fringes, on the back of the members, etc.; total absence of an inner layer of hair.
  • Color: Top coat of any color that is not black (except for the gray reflections, brownish or reddish) or with very small white spots, even in the fingers.
  • Weight clearly outside the prescribed limits.

NOTE: Males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended in the scrotum.

TRANSLATION: IRIS Carrillo (Puerto Rico Kennel Federation). Reviewed by Dr. Robert Pollet.

Character and skills

They are curious by nature and overflowing energy, they need enough exercise and good monitoring.

Known for his stubborn temperament, mischievous and stubborn, the Schipperke is defined, times, as the “small black Fox“, the “Black Tasmanian Devil” or the “black devil“.

Proper training is important, because they are very intelligent and independent, and that coupled with the stubbornness… bad combination, they are what gives them the win. They are territorial, and they can not get along with other males.

The Schipperke has no health problems in particular, they tend to live until the 17 or 18 years. However, inactivity, lack of exercise and overnutrition are very harmful, and can lead to problems in the joints, the bones and the conditions of the teeth, heart, lung or digestive system.

The regular weekly brushing is usually sufficient to keep the coat in good condition. No need to cut hair, they tend to move it several times a year (the females, more than males).


The Schipperke, is the ideal companion for lovers of horse-riding, post that usually develops in a natural way a very close relationship between this dog and horses.

It is also the dog ideal for excursions, Despite its small size it is tireless.

Images of the Schipperke

Videos del Schipperke
  • Otros nombres: Spitzke / Spits / Spitske.
  • Group 1 / Section 1 – Sheepdogs.

Dogs breeds: Schipperke

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