The King Charles Spaniel it is a gentle and calm dog in any circumstance.
Already in the sixteenth century there was talk of King Charles Spaniel. Much appreciated by all the kings who succeeded the crown of England, it is above all with Carlos II that they will have a privileged relationship. It is in homage to him that he was given the name of King Charles to the race. In fact, Carlos II dedicated a great passion to them. Tenía muchos, que iban y venían a su antojo por los pasillos del Palacio Real. ¡Incluso tenían un estatus privilegiado!
Knights took him hunting while ladies hugged him by the fire. Había conseguido hacerse indispensable para la Corte.
However, at that time, the muzzle was pointed. It was after the crossing with the Japanese Chin that the flat nose standard emerged. The Cavalier King Charles spaniel, another closely related race, is slightly larger, with a less flat nose.
Accepted by the FCI at 1965, the King Charles Spanielse basa en estándares que fueron revisados por última vez en 2010.
Selected to be small in size, the silhouette of the King Charles Spaniel fits in a square. They are elegant dogs with low, elongated ears and wavy fringes that hang flirtatiously down the cheeks.. His dark eyes are very big, a bit protruding and far apart. The skull is voluminous with a well marked stop and a very short muzzle.. La mandíbula es ligeramente inferior, but the tongue does not stick out. The body is compact, with straight legs, wide chest and fringed tail carried along the hocks. Some choose to cut it.
▷ Size of King Charles Spaniel: Among 25 cm and 35 cm.
▷ Weight of King Charles Spaniel: Among 3,5 kg and 6 kg
▷ Pelo delKing Charles Spaniel: Long and fringed on the legs, ears and tail. The coat is silky and shiny, smooth with a slight wave.
Character and skills
Es difícil encontrar un perro con el que sea más fácil convivir. The King Charles Spaniel is not a guard dog, since he doesn't bark much. Very attached to his master and the whole family, You know “disappear” of the landscape when his master has no time to dedicate. Therefore, ¡no hay que esperar a que venga hacia ti y anticiparse a sus necesidades!
He is very comfortable with young children, the elderly and the disabled, is nice, cheerful and patient with everyone. Said to have calming properties to combat anxiety since the 17th century. In England, It is said to be “comforting”.
It's not especially sporty, he likes comfort, the nap and the pillow. Do not forget that you must do enough sports to maintain good health..
Its reserve does not make it an aggressive animal with strangers. Intelligent and playful, el King Charles Spaniel disfruta de la compañía de los niños. Appreciates pampering and displays of affection in general. It is no coincidence that he is often compared to a cat.
In an apartment or a house, the King Charles Spaniel is equally happy. Mientras pueda acurrucarse con su amo y mostrar su alegría cuando le apetezca, will be happy. Older people like it a lot.
Your sense of smell, su oído y su inteligencia hacen que no sólo sea un perro agradable para vivir, but also relatively easy to train. Basta con indicarle los límites que no debe traspasar y ofrecerle una buena socialización para que sea un excelente compañero de vida. To the King Charles Spaniel loves to play: aprovecha este rasgo para perfeccionar su educación y reforzar vuestros vínculos.
With regard to health, the King Charles Spaniel needs to be watched regarding your eyes, oídos, respiratory system and heart. Similar to the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, you are likely to have microphthalmia, which may be associated with cataracts. También puede tener problemas de irritación de los oídos y dificultades respiratorias y/o cardíacas. Last, you should know that childbirth can be complicated in females.
The King Charles Spaniel molts twice a year, one in autumn and one in spring. Its abundant fur, his fringed ears and eyes should be maintained regularly to keep him clean and healthy.
For its hygiene it is recommended to brush the dog once a week, utilizando un cepillo de hierro sin púas o una carda suave, and then with a fine comb. You have to take care that your hair does not form knots. The dog must be bathed every two months, asegurándose de utilizar un champú especial para perros y de eliminar previamente los nudos.
Characteristics "King Charles Spaniel"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "King Charles Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
– FCI – Group 9: Section 7: English Toy Spaniels ⓘ
– AKC – Toyⓘ
– ANKC – Group 1 (Toy) ⓘ
– CKC – Group 5 – (Toy) ⓘ
– KC – Toy ⓘ
– NZKC – Toyⓘ
– UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog ⓘ
FCI breed standard "King Charles Spaniel"
FCI - King Charles Spaniel
1. English Toy Spaniel, Toy Spaniel Charlies, Prince Charles Spaniel, Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel (English).
2. King Charles Spaniel (French).
3. English Toy Spaniel (German).
4. King charles spaniel (Portuguese).
5. Toy spaniel inglés, English Toy Spaniel, Spaniel del Rey Carlos (español).
The Kelpie is very smart, industrious and always alert.
The Australian Kelpie is a sheepdog developed around the decade of 1870 by Australian breeders by mixing several sheepdogs from Collie type imported directly from England. His goal was to develop a breed well adapted to Australian climatic conditions., especially to heat, and with enough independence to herd sheep and cows over a vast territory without too much supervision.
Until very recently, the race was also thought to be mixed with the Dingoes, australian wild dog, but recent genetic studies have shown otherwise. However, towards the end of the 19th century the Australian Kelpie also mixed with shorthaired Scottish Sheepdogs, dándole las características que tiene hoy en día.
La palabra Kelpie tiene su origen en la mitología celta. In fact, una leyenda escocesa menciona espíritus metamórficos llamados kelpie, that appear most often in the form of a horse made of water, y que acechan en los ríos y lagos de Escocia. Estos espíritus malévolos están destinados a atraer a los seres humanos, especially to children and young people, to his death. It is unclear how the name came to be associated with this breed of dog.. However, the story that comes up most often, although it is not officially documented, is that of a Scottish breeder named George Robertson who, in 1872, it is said that he named Kelpie one of the first specimens of this breed; este nombre simplemente habría permanecido después para designar a todos los perros de esta raza.
Today, there are around of 450.000 sheepdogs in Australia, y la mayoría de ellos sonAustralian Kelpie. Since the decade of 1930, two types of Kelpie have been used in Australia: those used as working dogs and those used as show dogs. Las líneas de exposición se desarrollaron a medida que la raza ganó popularidad en las exposiciones caninas. Having said that, en la mayoría de los demás países, this distinction doesn't really exist.
In any case, the Australian Kelpiese ha exportado a muchos países. This is particularly true in the United States., where its great flexibility has allowed it to adapt to different climates and terrains, así como trabajar con diferentes tipos de ganado.
Whether in Australia or anywhere else in the world, the Australian Kelpie has convinced by its versatility. In fact, not only is it an excellent sheepdog, both in real conditions and in sheepdog competitions, it can also be found in many other roles, como el de perro olfateador de la policía, therapy dog â€‹â€‹or assistance dog for the blind.
Aunque todavía no está reconocida oficialmente por el American Kennel Club (AKC), the Australian Kelpie is authorized from 2015 to participate in sheepdog competitions organized under the auspices of the organization. It is also not recognized in Great Britain by the Kennel Club.. On the other hand, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognizes the breed from 1973.
The Australian Kelpie worker and the Australian Kelpie competitive look similar, aunque este último es ligeramente más pequeño y un poco menos delgado. They are medium-sized dogs, very athletic and muscular that doesn't look heavy. Sus características les dan una gran flexibilidad de movimiento y una energía ilimitada.
The Kelpie australianos are slightly longer than tall, what gives them a perfect body for running. They have a slim appearance, with a deep chest and long strong legs. Una de sus peculiaridades es que parece no hacer ningún esfuerzo al correr, a bit like I'm flying, with its four legs that seem to touch the ground at the same time.
The Australian Kelpie has a slightly rounded skull with large, straight ears on top. The muzzle is conical, with a fairly small mouth and large teeth ready to chew. The eyes are oval in shape and in shades of dark brown.
The standards of Australian Kelpie established by the various organizations that recognize the breed allow a fairly wide range of coat colors. However, en los países – like australia – donde hay una distinción entre las líneas de trabajo y las líneas de exhibición, sólo se reconoce una capa de color sólido para estas últimas. In fact, regardless of lineage, the Australian Kelpie is most often black or chocolate with red markings, blue-gray or beige.
His hair is of medium length and covers a fairly soft undercoat..
Character and skills
The Australian Kelpie not a suitable animal for all families. In fact, is an extremely intelligent and energetic dog that requires a lot of attention. Hates being alone, y debe ser estimulado fuertemente mental y físicamente, through at least two hours of daily exercise. In fact, not at all a suitable breed of dog for an elderly or very sedentary person, but rather for a very active and sporty master, willing to do different activities with your dog. Excels in activities that require agility like Frisbee or agility competitions.
Al igual que la gran mayoría de los perros pastores, to the Australian Kelpie he likes to be busy; you are never happier than when you have a task to do. Like this, in addition to the essential walks and / or races, it is recommended that each dog play with him or train him in various activities in which he must apply the instructions given by his master, lo que hace con gran devoción y una energía aparentemente ilimitada.
La falta de estímulo sería un enorme problema para elAustralian Kelpie; if bored, can become destructive, disobedient and engaging in various other behaviors intended to combat boredom, whether or not it conforms to the rules of the home. For example, puede roer varios objetos o hacer que el jardín parezca un campo de minas cavando agujeros por todos lados.
So, the Australian Kelpieno es un perro sedentario y sólo puede ser infeliz en un hogar que tiene poco tiempo y/o energía para darle. On the other hand, space is not necessarily a problem, as long as you get enough attention: can even cope with apartment living, whenever he has the opportunity to follow his master on excursions and activities, y así estar activo a diario.
Usually makes a good family dog, but you may be tempted to “to play” with the pastor with the children or even with the visitors passing by. So, take special care with the youngest, as you may be tempted to nibble on your heels to get them back to where you feel they belong, or to encourage them to participate in an activity. With the Kelpie, the shepherd instinct is never far away.
The same goes for other pets, so it should be kept under surveillance if necessary. In any case, socializing him from a young age with other species can only be beneficial to prevent him from being mistaken for a herd once he is an adult.
It also, although they can get along with other dogs, generalmente prefieren la compañía de los humanos a la de otros perros.
Although originally developed for life on the farm, the Australian Kelpie not a dog to leave outdoors, since he gets bored quickly if separated from his family. However, as they are used to operating independently without much instruction, want to be an integral part of family life and tend to act like a member of the family rather than a pet. As a result, he is also a sensitive dog who does not like to be excluded from family activities.
With a lot of frequency, owners who have not taken the trouble to inform themselves seriously before adoption end up abandoning their Australian Kelpie because it takes too much time and attention. The energetic character, Kelpie's need for activity and intelligence should be taken very seriously when it comes to choosing the breed of dog to adopt. In any case, when your needs are well cared for, he is a very nice and loyal companion.
No se fía fácilmente de los extraños y es muy territorial, it is also a very good watchdog, very alert and vocal, that alerts as soon as it hears a strange noise. So, it is best to prevent strangers or even neighbors' pets from venturing into your territory, ya que podría ser agresivo con ellos. The loud barking of the dog can also be problematic in an urban environment; if the dog is destined to live in the city, this is an aspect that should be particularly worked on as part of your education.
Education “Australian Kelpie”
The Australian Kelpie It is a breed of dog reserved for an experienced and very active owner. Either during training or after, it is important to give you clear and consistent rules, as it works much better in a structured environment.
However, your training is made easier by the fact that you need to keep busy, and is therefore generally content to participate in dog training activities. Can also be trained to participate in family chores: either picking up the mail, picking up clothes or toys off the floor or helping bring groceries, always ready for a new activity, even at a young age. Completing tasks is an integral part of Kelpie's personality, and can help you feel part of the family.
This willingness to be active and helpful makes the Australian Kelpie one of the easiest dog breeds to train. Excel in dog sports, they love to learn new orders and enjoy helping their owner. Training is not a particular problem, ya que son completamente obedientes cuando están suficientemente estimulados tanto intelectual como físicamente. On the other hand, boredom sets in soon, because he is an intelligent dog, and therefore learn quickly: es inútil hacerle repetir las instrucciones con demasiada frecuencia, but he must be able to find new challenges and new activities for him regularly. A good solution may be to join a dog club that offers agility courses and games like Frisbee. (discdog).
Dog training techniques based on positive reinforcement, leading to rewarding the dog for desired behavior rather than punishing it for inappropriate behavior, are preferable with the Australian Kelpie, who has a rather sensitive personality and does not respond well to punishment or an overly imposing master. In fact, there is no point wanting to show your dog at all costs that you are the master, since he does not perceive his dog as superior, but rather as a companion. So, you should treat him with respect and not underestimate his intelligence, especially since he is used to working alone and without too many instructions.
Last, education should give priority to the socialization of the puppy from an early age, because the Australian Kelpie it is a territorial and distrustful dog. Otherwise, you risk becoming aggressive towards strangers and / or other animals. This will help you learn to react appropriately to strangers., preventing his natural mistrust from taking hold of him.
Health “Australian Kelpie”
The Australian Kelpie it is usually a healthy dog, but you run the risk of some of the problems often associated with the sheepdog group:
Anomalía en el ojo de Collie: despite its name, this condition not only affects Collie: the Australian Kelpietambién puede ser víctima de ella. This inherited recessive disease can even lead to blindness;
Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament: rupture of this ligament located in the knee can be caused by trauma (20% of the cases), but more often it is simply due to joint fragility or false movement. It can also be caused by early deterioration of the joint, que es común en perros muy activos como Kelpie. Es la causa más común de cojera en esta raza, and can cause arthritis;
Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP): es la enfermedad hereditaria más común en laCollie family.
La mayoría de las enfermedades genéticas pueden prevenirse mediante un control estricto de la genética de los animales de cría para reducir la endogamia, así como mediante la detección de estas enfermedades para evitar que los individuos portadores de estos genes produzcan descendencia. These are, of course, points that any breeder of Australian Kelpie worthy is particularly attentive.
Last, the Australian Kelpie also leans for :
dislocation of the patella. May be of congenital origin, due to trauma or simply caused by wear and tear. Este último caso es frecuente en un perro activo como elAustralian Kelpie.
You also have a higher than average risk of being overweight, so special vigilance is required at this level, in particular by regularly weighing your dog to control his weight.
Care and maintenance “Australian Kelpie”
Like the fur of the Australian Kelpie can vary quite a bit from one individual to another in terms of density and length, so does its maintenance. However, usually sheds a large amount of hair throughout the year, so it is necessary to brush the dog twice a week. La pérdida de pelo es obviamente aún más pronunciada durante los períodos de muda, in spring and autumn, and then it is necessary to opt for a daily frequency to remove dead hairs.
On the other hand, it is rare that you have to give your dog a bath: this is only necessary if you come into contact with a dirty or harmful substance.
It also, being a very active breed of dog, their claws tend to wear out naturally, and therefore rarely need to be trimmed.
Looking at your teeth, no presentan ningún riesgo particular. All you need to do is brush your dog's teeth once a week.
In general, the Australian Kelpie It is a fairly easy dog â€‹â€‹to take care of. Por encima de todo, it is their great need for exercise and intellectual stimulation that makes them a demanding dog on a daily basis.
Uses and activities”Australian Kelpie”
It was originally developed as a sheepdog to herd and guide livestock, the Australian Kelpie has since become a versatile companion. Of course, also found in sheepdog competitions, pero también como perro olfateador de la policía, psychological support dog, perro guía para ciegos, but also simply as a family dog. In summary, it is a versatile animal that likes to keep busy and easily adapts to different contexts.
In Australia, but the Kelpie still primarily a sheepdog, también se utiliza cada vez más como perro de terapia y de compañía. In fact, su sensibilidad y necesidad de estar en compañía de los humanos lo convierten en un perro excepcionalmente atento.
In Sweden, Holland and Finland, se utilizan particularmente como perros de búsqueda y rescate durante accidentes y desastres.
How much does a “Australian Kelpie”?
In Australia, a puppy of Australian Kelpie normally sold for about 580 Australian dollars (a few 350 EUR). La mayoría de los individuos ofrecidos pertenecen a líneas de perros de trabajo.
In other parts of the world, dependiendo del linaje y el pedigrí, the price of a puppy Australian Kelpie is between 750 and 3.000 EUR. Como los individuos que se venden fuera de Australia provienen principalmente de líneas de perros de exhibición, el rango de precios es bastante amplio porque el precio sube rápidamente si el cachorro proviene de una línea con reputación de haberse distinguido en el campo.
Characteristics "Australian Kelpie"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Australian Kelpie" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Kuvasz (PL. Kuvaszok) is an old Hungarian breed of cattle dog.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kuvasz" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Kuvaszes una antigua raza guardiana de rebaños que se originó en Hungría, although their distant ancestors were probably type dogs Tibetan Mastiff.
While the Komondor was used on the grounds lower with drier climates, el Kuvasz fue utilizado en los pastizales húmedos de las montañas más altas y los dos eran una parte integral de la economía húngara. Later, during the century 15, the Kuvasz became a prized animal, el perro pertenecía a la Corte Real delRey Matías Corvino. Y, desde el reino se ofrecía a los dignatarios visitantes cachorros de Kuvasz como un regalo real, Legend has it that the King was more confident their dogs than in their own Councillors. After the death of the King, the popularity of the breed among the nobles decreased, pero aún así el perro seguía teniendo su papel tradicional en la protección de ganado.
At the end of World War II, casi todos los Kuvasz en Hungría habían sido asesinados. The dogs were used for the protection of their families, reason why were actively sought and killed by German and Soviet soldiers, while at the same time, some German soldiers were a large number of copies to their homes. After the Soviet invasion and the end of the war, la raza fue casi extinguida en Hungría.
The word Kuvasz, probably, proviene del turco “Kavas” que significa guardia, soldier or a protector. Una teoría postula relacionadas con que la palabra puede tener su origen en los antiguos agricultores de Rusia, the Chuvash, que ha contribuido muchas palabras a la lengua húngara.
For a long time, the property of the Kuvasz was restricted, but they were finally used by the shepherds as guardians of the flock. Ese es el trabajo por el que son conocidos hoy en día. El pelaje blanco del perro permitía al pastor distinguirlo fácilmente de un lobo mientras se mezclaba con el rebaño.
The Kuvasz should be of good size, solidly built and with a dignified air. The skull should be slightly arched and not too long, wedge-shaped snout. Leads the small ears hanging in the form of V. The body is rather long, with the slightly outgoing ribs. The legs are strong and not too long. The tail is long, slightly curved at the tip, which wears a beautiful plume. The coat is long, rough and undulating. The color has to be pure white, Although the white ivory can be accepted.
Although the skin is white, the pigmentation of the skin of Kuvasz should be dark and the nose should be black. The eyes must have an almendrada form. The females usually weigh between 35 and 50 kg, While males weigh in 50 a 70 kg, tieneto a bone structure medium. The height at the cross in the males is of 71 a 76 cm and the females of 66 a 70 cm..
As with many livestock guardian dogs, the color of the layer of the Kuvasz serves a functional purpose and is an essential breed criterion. To develop the breed a purpose clear in the Kuvasz was to realise a mantle of color, to provide pastors distinguish the dog of wolves attacking animals at night. The Komondor, a close relative of the Kuvasz, It has a white coat for the same reason.
The Kuvasz lose a lot of hair from time to time. The rest of care are complicated. We must bear in mind that it is a dog of strong personality, which is why their education must be early and can be put to the test the patience of the educator. You need a suitable space of movement and exercise.
Fur: short, smooth, closed and thick on the head and on the front of the extremities. in the trunk, brazos, tie and tail is long and wavy, and often forms ridges and locks. it's pretty rough, un poco rígido y en ningún caso afieltrado. the undercoat is fine and woolly.
Size: males of 71 a 75 cm.; females of 66 a 70 cm..
Character and skills
The Kuvasz he is a tireless keeper of flocks, defending the predators. Anteriormente había sido usado también como perro de caza para perseguir lobos, jabalíes y osos. It is also a great guardian. En su país la policía y el ejército lo utilizan como auxiliar. En los últimos decenios se ha convertido también en perro de compañía.
Good working dog, reliable watchdog, Pleasant Home Companion, así es el Kuvasz.
It has been used as a livestock guardian, pero durante los últimos años puede encontrarse en los hogares como animal de compañía.
The Kuvasz he is a smart dog and is generally said to have a clown sense of humor, that can last throughout adolescence and adulthood. They are very loyal but patients animals who appreciate human attention, but it also needs its space, they are very independent animals.
According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more than 200 work of the AKC judges ("The Intelligence of Dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Kuvasz es el Nº 42 from the list.
Despite his intelligence, It should not be perceived as easy to train. Su personalidad independiente puede hacer de la capacitación una tarea difícil que, You can exhaust the patience, even for experienced owners. As a result, It is not recommended for beginners and those who do not have time to train and socialize in a manner appropriate to their Kuvasz.
On the other hand, many of these qualities make the Kuvasz excellent guardians for sheep or large farms. The Kuvasz has a very special and close relationship with his owner.
It is a sober and suffered dog, It resists weathering in the toughest conditions, Frequent brushing is therefore, necessary to keep their fur clean. A Kuvasz should not smell bad, This is usually a sign of illness or poor nutrition.
Homemade dog is friendly, affectionate and intelligent, and above all an excellent guardian, brave and quiet, suspicious and even reserved with strangers. Under its dignified appearance hides a playful temperament which makes him a loyal friend of children.
It is generally a healthy and robust breed whose life expectancy is about 12 or 14 years.
In the Kuvaszok, more serious health problems include hip dysplasia, osteocondrosis (un trastorno de las articulaciones que daña los cartílagos y los huesos) and a propensity for cruciate ligament injury. An eye disease called progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) is a potential concern, just like hypothyroidism (una enfermedad hormonal común en los perros en la que la glándula tiroides no produce suficiente tiroxina) and vonWillebrand's disease (a disorder of blood clotting).
Not all of these diseases are detectable in a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free of these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..
Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation showing that the parents were exempt from health problems affecting the breed.. Si el criador le dice que las pruebas no son necesarias porque nunca han tenido problemas en sus líneas, that the dogs have been “reviewed by the veterinarian”, or offers you any other excuse to skimp on genetic testing of your dogs, leave immediately.
Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking dogs, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas. A puppy can develop one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what are the most common causes of death.
Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Kuvasz at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. Make the most of diet and exercise to help ensure a healthier dog for life.
observations and advice
not a very well-known dog and, therefore, es difícil de encontrar un cachorro de esta raza. However, it is more widely used than Komondor, whose cloak scares many potential buyers. In fact, el pelo del Kuvasz es más difícil de cuidar, Since it must be brushed periodically to avoid the formation of knots, although it should be washed as little as possible.
The Kuvasz has a beautiful white double coat that loosens dirt but also loosens hair. Cepíllalo semanalmente con un cepillo de alfileres para eliminar el pelo muerto y mantener la piel y el pelaje sanos. Trim the hair between the toes to keep your feet looking good. Its coat repels water and removes dirt easily with brushing, so a bath is rarely necessary.
When summer comes, don't think your Kuvasz has suddenly developed a disease causing hair loss. It is normal for the Kuvasz to lose most of its long coat in hot weather.
The rest is basic care. Trim nails as needed, normally each week the. Brush your teeth frequently with a veterinarian-approved pet toothpaste for overall good health and fresh breath.
The Kromfohrlander (nicknamed countries or Krom) It is a breed of companion dog originating in Germany..
The Kromfohrlander it is a modern breed, born of the intervention of the United States in Germany after World War II. La historia exacta varía. A story tells that the founding dog of the breed, Peter, was a scruffy canine mascot that was found by American troops in northern France. Su ascendencia podría ser una mezcla deGrand basset griffon vendéen and Fox Terrier (wire).
Somehow, Peter parted ways with the troops, but he was rescued by a woman named Ilse Schleifenbaum. She adopted him, and in the natural course of things, Peter had an affair with Fifi, a Fox Terrier (wire) black and white. Her cubs, Shaggy y Witch, se parecían mucho a su padre en aspecto y temperamento. Ilse decidió que merecía la pena reproducir sus cualidades y llamó a los perros “krom fohr” (“crooked groove”), by the local landscape.
Another version of the history of the race is that Peter traveled with the troops and they handed him over to Frau Schleifenbaum. She raised him with her own dog, described as resembling a Fawn Brittany Griffon, producing five litters bearing their father's stamp. Be that as it may, the International Cynological Federation recognized them as a distinct breed in 1955.
The first Kromfohrlander imported to the United States was Button von der Britzer Muhle in 1997. A female followed, Finca vom Kahlharz, in 1999. The United Kennel Club recognized the breed a few years earlier, in 1996, classifying it originally as Terrier, pero luego reasignándola al estatus de perro de compañía en 2013. However, was not up 2012 when the Kromfohrlander began to be registered with the Stock Service of the American Kennel Club Foundation (AKC FSS).
Currently, in Germany, a few 200 dogs of Kromfohrländer per year are under the umbrella of the VDH. Faced with the problem of inbreeding, in 2010 se fundó la asociación de críaProKromfohrländer e.V., you want to systematically counteract with selective crosses and other measures. For example, the Dansk-Svensk Gårdshund, a very similar Danish-Swedish dog breed provisionally recognized by the FCI, se está cruzando para mejorar la base de cría. Teniendo en cuenta la historia de la cría delKromfohrländery las características físicas y psicológicas de ambas razas de perros, it seems that it is a good way. By the way, name Kromfohrländer comes from a valley near Siegen, that it's called Krom Fohr = Krumme Furche.
The Kromfohrländer It is one of the newer German dog breeds, practically unknown outside its borders.
The Kromfohrländeres una raza de perro de compañía de tamaño mediano . There are two different types of hair: rough hair (Rauhaar) and smooth hair (Glatthaar). This is what the provisions of the standard say about the general appearance. The standard says about the color of the coat:
Basic color white; Light brown markings, reddish brown to very dark brown in the form of spots of different sizes or like a saddle. Black hair ends with brown undercoat are allowed. In the head: light brown spots, reddish brown to dark brown on the cheeks, above the eyes and in the ears. Largely symmetrically subdivided with white markings extending to the forehead or nape (symmetrical mask with glow).
As a result of extreme inbreeding, the dogs in practice became increasingly pale in terms of their brown tones. That is why the Fox Terrier (wire) they crossed in the decade of 1960 to enhance colors. One Kromfohrländer has manageable dimensions, matching her cheerful charisma, friendly and lively .
Weight and height
Male size: 38 – 46 cm.
female size: 38 – 46 cm.
Male weight: 11 – 16 kg
female weight: 9 – 14 kg
Character and skills
The Kromfohrländer purebred is an adaptable dog, sensitive and with terrier blood.
It is a true family dog. He follows her where he can. At the same time, presents features of “perro único”. Within his town there are always one or two people to whom he is especially attached. Aquí pueden desarrollarse amistades especialmente estrechas, incluso íntimas, if your humans allow it. So the world is alright for the dog, si y mientras estos sus amigos fieles están allí. He is faithfully dedicated to them. Without them he is restless and only looks towards the door, when the master or loves her finally arrive.
With a little good education and guidance, he is a very sociable family dog, who is also very good at living with children. At the same time, he is quite reserved with strangers.
Some bark very discreetly, others report each movement. Both on the leash and on your own turf, the Kromfohrländertiende a veces a la megalomanía. This appears to be an inheritance from the Terrier. Aquí sus cuidadores deben mostrar un claro liderazgo. Only with the development of your own personality, usually at two years, becomes more relaxed in dealing with the outside world. Another advantage of Kromfohrländer is that he barely has hunting instinct. This makes walks or hikes in nature with him very relaxing.
The Kromfohrlander is generally healthy, with a life expectancy of 12 a 14 years.
All dogs have the potential to developgenetic health problems, Like all people, they have the potential to inherit a particular disease. – Do not walk – de cualquier criador que no ofrezca garantía sanitaria a sus cachorros, to tell you that the race is 100 percent healthy and having no known problems or telling you that their puppies are isolated from the main body. del hogar por razones de salud.Un criador de renombre será honesto y abierto sobre los problemas de salud en la raza y la incidencia con la que ocurren en sus líneas.
Health problems that can be observed in the breed include:
Autoimmune thyroiditis (thyroid disease)
Cistinuria, a genetic defect that allows the accumulation of cystine, an amino acid, in urine.
keratosis, endurecimiento de la almohadilla plantar causado por un exceso de una proteína llamada queratina
Patellar luxation, an orthopedic condition that involves the kneecap slipping out of place
Pregúntele al criador qué problemas ha experimentado en sus líneas.Es posible que problemas como la tiroiditis autoinmune no aparezcan hasta que el perro sea de mediana edad o mayor.
Los criadores cuidadosos examinan a sus perros reproductores para detectar enfermedades genéticas y crían solo los especímenes más sanos y atractivos, But sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, in many cases, thedogsaún pueden vivir una buena vida.Si vas a tener un cachorro, pregúntale al criador sobre las edades de los perros en sus líneas y qué causó su muerte.
Si un criador le dice que no necesita hacer esas pruebas o que sus perros no necesitan certificaciones de salud porque nunca ha tenido problemas en sus líneas, que sus perros han sido revisados por un veterinario o da cualquier otra excusa para escatimar en las pruebas genéticas. dog, walk away immediately.
Remember that after you have brought a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common canine health problems: theObesity.Keep a Kromfohrländer at a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to help ensure a healthier dog for life.
The coat of the Kromfohrländer can be rough or smooth, and each type of coat can vary in length. Wire-haired dogs, or rough fur, they always have beards, which makes them look pretty and scruffy. The hair is thick and rough in texture. Beneath him is a short soft cape.
Smooth-haired dogs have feathers in their ears, chest and legs and a nice feathered tail. Your body hair can be short or long, and finishes off a short and smooth undercoat.
The Kromfohrländer lose hair, but not in excess. People who live with dogs say that regular sweeping and vacuuming is enough to keep their fur under control.
Fur tends to shed dirt easily, and dogs don't usually smell unless they've wallowed in something that smells bad. Bathe them when necessary. Depending on whether a Kromfohrländer spends a lot of time outdoors, así como en sus muebles, that can mean weekly, monthly or quarterly.
The rest is basic care. Trim your nails every week or two, or when necessary. Brush teeth frequently - with a veterinarian approved pet toothpaste- for general good health and fresh breath.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kromfohrlander" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Slovak Hound (Slovenský Kopov or Slovakian Hound) It is a breed of dog of size medium hound type. Originally from Slovakia, se crió para la caza de jabalí, no como animal de compañía ni exhibirlo en exposiciones caninas (Showdog).
The club of the breed was created in Bratislava in 1988.
Aparece listado por la FCI bajo la raza número 244, group 6, Scent hounds, and related breeds, section 1.2 Medium-sized Hounds.
En Estados Unidos se promueve como raza poco común para aquellos que buscan un perro de caza singular.
El nombre “Black Forest Hound” al parecer se creó en EEUU por razones de marketing, It has nothing to do with the Black Forest.
The Slovak Houndes un perro de caza típico en apariencia, with a muscular body, long legs, long tail, the ears are long and loose. The short coat is always black, with reddish markings (black and tan). Dogs must weigh around 16 kg and must be measured, approximately, 46 cm to the cross, females are slightly smaller. This is the ideal size is described in the breed standard.
The Slovak Kopov is more full-bodied than the American breed Black and Tan Coonhound, but it is lighter than other similar dogs from Poland, como por ejemplo el Ogar Polski o Polish Hound que es el sabueso más grande del país. The eyes are always dark, deep, y tienen una mirada de valentía y coraje.
Although it is an independent dog, is intelligent, and is easy to train. It also, It is blessed with a great sense of direction.
The Slovak Houndes un perro de caza muy conocido desde la antigüedad, the breed was recognized for the first time in the year 1870. The races of Austrian Black and Tan Hound, Polish Hound and Hungarian hound (Transylvanian Scent Hound) is thought to they have formed part of their ancestors. La etimología del nombre parece aludir al color del perro.
The Slovak Hound was developed and used as a hunting dog, There is an animal that sole have as a pet or is usually present to dog competitions (Showdog). It has been bred for hunting, especialmente jabalíes, de ahí su fiereza. Aunque es muy común en su zona de origen, rara vez se ve en otros países. The Slovak Hound is similar to other Eastern European hounds in appearance and hunting style. It is very faithful to his master, es un perro de aires libres…
The Cretan Hound (Kritikos Lagonikos), belongs to a primitive hunting breed, its existence on the Greek island of Crete is documented in writings for at least 3.500 years. Minoan civilization, which at its peak dominated most of the Aegean, las islas Cícladas y el Peloponeso oriental, bred and used it extensively.
Like a hunting and hunting hound, was always used to hunt down and capture wild hares and rabbits on the harsh terrain of his home island. The classical authors praised the cretan hounds (Kressai Kynes) como los mejores cazadores de liebres conocidos por el hombre y en la antigüedad fueron exportados a las colonias griegas y a otros países de Europa, reaching Spain and the British Isles, to mix and improve local hounds.
These dogs have many peculiar traits and it is clear that they are a truly ancient species, probably the oldest breed of dog in Europe. Es posible que sus antepasados vinieran de África, but later they adapted to this unique habitat of Crete, una isla lo suficientemente remota como para albergar también otras especies únicas de animales, como una subespecie única de cabra salvaje, the lynx and others.
Aislados allí durante milenios, these dogs were trained by function to perform a particular and challenging task and remain pure and unaltered to this day.
Due to a long history of fighting external enemies, the Cretans they are a freedom loving race, proud, independent, somewhat suspicious and even tested. No les gusta entregar sus perros a los forasteros e incluso hasta hoy los mejores ejemplares se mantienen ocultos a la vista del público.
Las prácticas de cría son despiadadas y los limitados medios del pasado enseñaron a los lugareños a castrar a todos los machos, except the best, y a destruir a los perros que no servían para la caza. This resulted in an especially strong and healthy breed., pero también muy reducida en número. For years they were kept a secret and even now they rarely leave Crete, except on the occasions when they participate in international dog shows held in Athens, where visitors have the opportunity to meet a true living legend.
The Cretan Hound (Kritikos Lagonikos) is a slender dog, of body intermediate between a hound and a greyhound, especially light feet (that are oval instead of feline) and strong loin, specially adopted for fast reflexes and high speed on dangerous and rocky terrain.
The head wedge shaped, it is elongated and dry, with pointy, highly mobile ears that fold back like a greyhound's during the chase. (Existen ejemplares con las orejas semiparadas o caídas, y estos últimos tienden a ser más parecidos a un lebrel; there is also a smaller variety, algo así como unWhippet, of which little is known).
The skin it is thin and tense all over the body, and of many colors. The tailes una característica muy importante de la raza, long and curved up, forming a loose or tight ring and covered with a longer hair brush underneath.
The Cretan Hound is slightly longer than tall, with medium angulations, legs slim and well muscled; the rib cage is spacious but neither too wide nor too rounded and does not reach the tip of the elbow. The back he's slim but powerful and there's a nice tuck, with the tips of the hipbones slightly prominent.
Debe haber un equilibrio entre las características de velocidad y resistencia, being the conformation a commitment that produces great agility. Flaccid individuals are not tolerated, clumsy and heavy.
Colores: pure white, cream, sand, leonado, grey, striped or black, bicolor or tricolor.
Height: females: 50+ cm. (19+ inches) Males: 60+ cm. (27+ inches)
Weight: 20-30 kg (44-66 pounds)
Character and skills
The Cretan Hound uses both sight and smell in hunting and has a particular tendency to savor air or ground odor, to the point of sucking it off the pebbles and stones. When it perceives the prey, la cola se mueve de forma circular y el sabueso se pone rígido momentos antes de iniciar la persecución.
Manso, affectionate, aristocratic, but deadly in pursuit, is a polite hound that comes to life in the presence of prey; clean, soft, elegant in form and movement, it is never vulgar or overwhelming in gestures.
Slightly reserved with strangers, is naturally inquisitive and tolerant.
The Kritikos Lagonikos lives happily with other domestic animals, but it will mercilessly chase the neighbor's cat.
It's excellent, friendly and very affectionate with children. He rarely barks but will alert strangers to his home; on the farm he will kill mice and rats and is not indifferent to feather hunting, pero este último uso hará que la raza sea perezosa y desordenada en la caza; your constitution needs the challenge of true persecution.
Asegúrese de que usted es el líder tranquilo, but firm and sure of this dog, providing enough leadership and exercise to produce a well-balanced canine companion. Proper communication between the dog and the man is essential.
There is no official written record- about the origin of the Jindo dog, but many authors agree that this breed has existed since several thousands of years ago in the Jindo Island, la cual está localizada en el extremo suroeste de la península de Corea. However, existen diferentes teorías acerca de su antiguo origen y la más aceptada indica que el Korean Jindo Dog es originario de Corea; the race has been well-preserved in this island because of the difficulty in transport in the past. In Korea, the Korean Jindo Dog are called Jindo-Kae or Jindo-Kyon; Kae and Kyon are the Korean language words that mean dog.
The Korean Jindo Dog is a dog of medium size, well proportioned, utilizado para la cacería y como guardián. Sus orejas erguidas y su cola enrollada o en forma de hoz le confieren una expresión vívida de agilidad, Fortress, vigilance and dignity.
El Korean Jindo Dog posee un instinto muy fuerte para la cacería; In addition to being bold, bravo, alert and careful, not allowed to tempt easily and is hot-headed. First and foremost, is extremely faithful to its owner. It is reserved with strangers. In general, is not affectionate with other animals, particularly with males. It also has a good sense of orientation. It is a dog of a single owner; He quickly agree to a new owner but it never forgets its ties with the previous owner who raised him since that was puppy. Stays clean and eat little.
The Korean Jindo Dog has a double layer of hair. The inner layer is smooth, dense, pale, But enough to sustain the outer layer. The outer layer is stiff and somewhat separated from the body. Compared with the hair covering the body, the hair of the head, members and ears is shorter, and neck, cross, back and trunk is longer. The hair of the tail and rear of the thighs is longer than the rest of the body.
The Korean Jindo Dog are famous for their ability to hunt, debido a su valentía, cunning, and sensitivity.
In addition to the usual prey of hunting, his hunting prowess is displayed in a legend that tells that three Korean Jindo Dog, they killed a Siberian Tiger.
They have been used, mainly, en la caza de ciervos y jabalíes.
The Korean traditional game that is free of weapons, contar con una jauría de Korean Jindo Dog, was a real treasure. Solían ir de caza, un maestro y su jauría, entonces cuando los perros conseguían capturar su presa, one of the Korean Jindo Dog, I went in search of the master, to lead to the dam, mientras que el resto de la jauría se quedaba vigilando a la presa de la aparición de carroñeros.
The Korean Jindo Dog, He is known for his unwavering loyalty and friendly nature. Because of this, There is a false idea that a Korean Jindo Dog is loyal only to its first owner or who raised him from puppy. This idea is not entirely true, lo que sí es cierto es que suelen conservar por siempre el amor hacia las personas que han cuidado de ellos, Although change home, they still want their former masters.
Because the Jindo is an active and intelligent dog, It requires frequent interaction with people or another family dog. For some, the Jindo may even be too smart, ya que comúnmente piensa por sí mismo. La misma inteligencia que permite que el perro aprenda los comandos y trucos muy rápido puede ser demasiada para intentar domesticar…
To be so lively, es un perro que se aburre con facilidad si está sólo o encerrado durante largos períodos de tiempo, You can try to jump over a fence or wall, digging deep wells, and it may even be very destructive if left trapped at home. Because of this many Korean Jindo Dog is found in animal shelters, abandonados por propietarios que sabían en lo que se estaban metiendo al aceptar la responsabilidad que conlleva tener un Korean Jindo Dog. It is a dog who doesn't like anything the water, above all flows, algunos de ellos ni siquiera quieren salir cuando llueve…
The Komondor It is a breed of guard dog and pastor, originally from Hungary. Its main characteristic is the peculiar appearance of its fur., that falls in tufts like dreadlocks.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Komondor" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Komondor is a breed of dog originating from Hungary, where it has been fulfilling its mission as a herding dog for more than 1000 years. Its long white fur allows it to blend in with the flocks of sheep it cares for and which it especially resembles.. So you can take threatening predators by surprise, including impressive opponents such as bears or wolves.
It probably originated from the dogs that came to Hungary with the Magyars, nomads who came from Central Asia around the year 900 d.C. and they took their dogs to tend their flocks of cattle and sheep. Other experts argue that the ancestors of Komondor they arrived with the cumans, another Turkish nomadic people who, after the Mongol invasion of 1237, took refuge in present-day Hungary.
It is this last hypothesis that we find in the name of the race, since the term “Komondor” comes from “Quman-dur“, that means “Cuman dog”. Although researchers have found the remains of these dogs in Cuman cemeteries dating back to the 13th century, the oldest written description dates from the 16th century.
At the end of the 17th century it was very popular in Hungary, and has remained so ever since. Raised and selected for their courage and strength, It was used mainly in the field to monitor farms, and in the mountains to protect the flocks of sheep. Hungarians are very proud of this dog, to which is attributed the considerable decrease in the number of wolves in his country, and that it was not crossed or modified until the middle of the 20th century.
Komondor entered the United States between the wars, and the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1937. However, World War II and then the Cold War ended imports from Hungary.
In more general terms, the breed suffered greatly during these difficult times, seeing that their number decreased considerably. During World War II, many of their representatives were assassinated by the German military, since it was impossible for them to access the farms and houses of the country while this imposing guard dog protected them. Obviously, conflicts also limited its export to other countries.
In the Decade of 1960, Hungarian and American breeders were able to renew their ties, so the import of the Komondor to the United States. While the race was on the brink of extinction (even in your country of origin, mostly due to the consequences of the war), saw their numbers grow considerably and their notoriety do the same, both in Hungary and abroad.
In the United States, attempts in the west of the country to use it as a grazing show promise, and its use throughout the country has been increasing considerably. Logically, el United Kennel Club (UKC), another canine organization of reference in the country, recognized it as an official breed in 1983.
In Europe, over the years 50, the Komondor was crossed with him South Russian Ovcharka, to get new bloodlines. It is also at this time - and more precisely in 1954- When the Komondor was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
However, this is a rare breed of dog, regardless of the country. In fact, even in the country where a large proportion of the population is, the United States, it is not very common. For example, just occupy around the place 160 (of 190) in the ranking of the most popular dogs in the United States, based on number of annual AKC registrations.
In France, it is also discreet, since the average number of annual registrations in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) it's around of 15 since the beginning of the 21st century. It has even experienced a certain decline, since this number was more or less in the thirties around the nineties. Not much better, for example, en el Reino Unido, where the number of registrations per year with The Kennel Club rarely exceeds ten.
The Komondor it is a large and strongly built dog. Your outward appearance, that of a winner and his majestic posture arouse respect in the observer and eventually also fear. Not flattering by nature. The robust body is covered by long hair, always bushy without exception, matted, tufted. Seen in profile, the body is a rectangle lying, almost a square. Protruding above the body, the head appears very densely hairy. The tail is carried hanging with the tip bent almost reaching the horizontal.
Fur: thick and bushy, holding to be felted or strung (in the latter case it is not felted). Presence of sunpelo.
Color: White, white profile.
Size: males, of 65 – 80 cm., for a weight of 50 – 60 kg; females, of 55 -70 cm., for a weight of 40 – 50 cm..
Observations and tips.
The coat may seem difficult to care for, but it doesn't really need any care. It should not even be brushed because its hardiness must be kept intact. For hygiene reasons, must bathe regularly.
Character and skills
Unwavering courage in the defense and care of the herds in his charge, also from his territory and his master's house. Attack silently and boldly. Consider your district as if it belonged to you, in that it does not admit any strange being. Is distrustful. Your day is happy when you can spend it controlling your territory. During the night it remains in permanent movement.
With good training and in expert hands it can be a good defense dog, although quite conflicting with other dogs, and can bite a man if he is not socialized from the earliest age. Fortunately, it is very docile and a signal from its owner is enough to stop it when it decides to attack.
Komondor's coat begins to lace up when he is eight months to one year old. The coat does not come off much, but the laces must be separated regularly to maintain their appearance, and the coat attracts the dirt. Once a Komondor passes the puppy stage, its fur will probably never have its former pristine whiteness. The coat should never be dirty, tangled or foul-smelling.
To avoid problems, ask the breeder to show you how to care for the coat. Trimming the hair around the mouth and cleaning the dog's face after meals is one way to help reduce odor..
The rest is basic care. Trim nails as needed, usually every week or two. Keep your ears clean and dry. Brush teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for overall good health and fresh breath.
The Komondor they are generally healthy, but the conditions that are sometimes seen in the breed include hip dysplasia, eye problems like entropion (a deformity of the eyelid), and juvenile falls, and swelling, also known as gastric torsion or gastric dilatation volvulus.
Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation showing that the parents were exempted from health problems affecting the breed. Have dogs undergo a “veterinary checkup” It is not a substitute for testing genetic health.
Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a KomondorA proper weight is one of the easiest ways to extend your life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.