The King Charles Spaniel it is a gentle and calm dog in any circumstance.
Already in the sixteenth century there was talk of King Charles Spaniel. Much appreciated by all the kings who succeeded the crown of England, it is above all with Carlos II that they will have a privileged relationship. It is in homage to him that he was given the name of King Charles to the race. In fact, Carlos II dedicated a great passion to them. He had many, who came and went as they pleased through the corridors of the Royal Palace. They even had a privileged status!
Knights took him hunting while ladies hugged him by the fire. He had managed to make himself indispensable to the Court.
However, at that time, the muzzle was pointed. It was after the crossing with the Japanese Chin that the flat nose standard emerged. The Cavalier King Charles spaniel, another closely related race, is slightly larger, with a less flat nose.
Accepted by the FCI at 1965, the King Charles Spaniel is based on standards that were last revised in 2010.
Selected to be small in size, the silhouette of the King Charles Spaniel fits in a square. They are elegant dogs with low, elongated ears and wavy fringes that hang flirtatiously down the cheeks.. His dark eyes are very big, a bit protruding and far apart. The skull is voluminous with a well marked stop and a very short muzzle.. The jaw is slightly lower, but the tongue does not stick out. The body is compact, with straight legs, wide chest and fringed tail carried along the hocks. Some choose to cut it.
▷ Size of King Charles Spaniel: Between 25 cm and 35 cm.
▷ Weight of King Charles Spaniel: Between 3,5 kg and 6 kg
▷ Hair King Charles Spaniel: Long and fringed on the legs, ears and tail. The coat is silky and shiny, smooth with a slight wave.
Character and skills
It is difficult to find a dog that is easier to live with. The King Charles Spaniel is not a guard dog, since he doesn't bark much. Very attached to his master and the whole family, You know “disappear” of the landscape when his master has no time to dedicate. Therefore, Do not wait for it to come to you and anticipate its needs!
He is very comfortable with young children, the elderly and the disabled, is nice, cheerful and patient with everyone. Said to have calming properties to combat anxiety since the 17th century. In England, It is said to be “comforting”.
It's not especially sporty, he likes comfort, the nap and the pillow. Do not forget that you must do enough sports to maintain good health..
Its reserve does not make it an aggressive animal with strangers. Intelligent and playful, the King Charles Spaniel enjoys the company of children. Appreciates pampering and displays of affection in general. It is no coincidence that he is often compared to a cat.
In an apartment or a house, the King Charles Spaniel is equally happy. As long as you can snuggle with your master and show your joy whenever you feel like it, will be happy. Older people like it a lot.
Your sense of smell, his hearing and intelligence make him not only a pleasant dog to live with, but also relatively easy to train. It is enough to indicate the limits that he should not cross and offer him a good socialization to make him an excellent life partner. To the King Charles Spaniel loves to play: take advantage of this trait to perfect your education and strengthen your ties.
With regard to health, the King Charles Spaniel needs to be watched regarding your eyes, ears, respiratory system and heart. Similar to the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, you are likely to have microphthalmia, which may be associated with cataracts. You may also have ear irritation problems and breathing and / or heart difficulties. Last but not least, you should know that childbirth can be complicated in females.
The King Charles Spaniel molts twice a year, one in autumn and one in spring. Its abundant fur, his fringed ears and eyes should be maintained regularly to keep him clean and healthy.
For its hygiene it is recommended to brush the dog once a week, using an iron brush without bristles or a soft card, and then with a fine comb. You have to take care that your hair does not form knots. The dog must be bathed every two months, making sure to use a special dog shampoo and to remove knots beforehand.
Characteristics "King Charles Spaniel"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "King Charles Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
– FCI – Group 9: Section 7: English Toy Spaniels ⓘ
– AKC – Toyⓘ
– ANKC – Group 1 (Toy) ⓘ
– CKC – Group 5 – (Toy) ⓘ
– KC – Toy ⓘ
– NZKC – Toyⓘ
– UKC – Group 8 – Service dog ⓘ
FCI breed standard "King Charles Spaniel"
FCI - King Charles Spaniel
1. English Toy Spaniel, Toy Spaniel Charlies, Prince Charles Spaniel, Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel (English).
2. King Charles Spaniel (French).
3. English Toy Spaniel (German).
4. King charles spaniel (Portuguese).
5. Toy spaniel inglés, English Toy Spaniel, Spaniel del Rey Carlos (Spanish).
The Kelpie is very smart, laborious and is always alert.
The Australian Kelpie is a sheepdog developed around the decade of 1870 by Australian breeders by mixing several sheepdogs from Collie type imported directly from England. His goal was to develop a breed well adapted to Australian climatic conditions., especially to heat, and with enough independence to herd sheep and cows over a vast territory without too much supervision.
Until very recently, the race was also thought to be mixed with the Dingoes, australian wild dog, but recent genetic studies have shown otherwise. However, towards the end of the 19th century the Australian Kelpie also mixed with shorthaired Scottish Sheepdogs, giving it the characteristics it has today.
The word Kelpie has its origin in Celtic mythology. In fact, a Scottish legend mentions metamorphic spirits called kelpie, that appear most often in the form of a horse made of water, and lurking in the rivers and lakes of Scotland. These malevolent spirits are meant to attract humans, especially to children and young people, to his death. It is unclear how the name came to be associated with this breed of dog.. However, the story that comes up most often, although it is not officially documented, is that of a Scottish breeder named George Robertson who, in 1872, it is said that he named Kelpie one of the first specimens of this breed; this name would simply have remained afterwards to designate all the dogs of this breed.
Today, there are around of 450.000 sheepdogs in Australia, and most of them are Australian Kelpie. Since the decade of 1930, two types of Kelpie have been used in Australia: those used as working dogs and those used as show dogs. Show lines developed as the breed gained popularity at dog shows. Having said that, in most other countries, this distinction doesn't really exist.
In any case, the Australian Kelpie has been exported to many countries. This is particularly true in the United States., where its great flexibility has allowed it to adapt to different climates and terrains, as well as working with different types of livestock.
Whether in Australia or anywhere else in the world, the Australian Kelpie has convinced by its versatility. In fact, not only is it an excellent sheepdog, both in real conditions and in sheepdog competitions, it can also be found in many other roles, like the sniffing dog of the police, therapy dog or assistance dog for the blind.
Although it is not yet officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Australian Kelpie is authorized from 2015 to participate in sheepdog competitions organized under the auspices of the organization. It is also not recognized in Great Britain by the Kennel Club.. On the other hand, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognizes the breed from 1973.
The Australian Kelpie worker and the Australian Kelpie competitive look similar, although the latter is slightly smaller and a little less thin. They are medium-sized dogs, very athletic and muscular that doesn't look heavy. Their characteristics give them great flexibility of movement and unlimited energy..
The Australian Kelpie are slightly longer than tall, what gives them a perfect body for running. They have a slim appearance, with a deep chest and long strong legs. One of its peculiarities is that it seems to make no effort when running, a bit like I'm flying, with its four legs that seem to touch the ground at the same time.
The Australian Kelpie has a slightly rounded skull with large, straight ears on top. The muzzle is conical, with a fairly small mouth and large teeth ready to chew. The eyes are oval in shape and in shades of dark brown.
The standards of Australian Kelpie established by the various organizations that recognize the breed allow a fairly wide range of coat colors. However, in the countries – like australia – where there is a distinction between lines of work and lines of display, only one solid color layer is recognized for the latter. In fact, regardless of lineage, the Australian Kelpie is most often black or chocolate with red markings, blue-gray or beige.
His hair is of medium length and covers a fairly soft undercoat..
Character and skills
The Australian Kelpie not a suitable animal for all families. In fact, is an extremely intelligent and energetic dog that requires a lot of attention. Hates being alone, and must be strongly stimulated mentally and physically, through at least two hours of daily exercise. In fact, not at all a suitable breed of dog for an elderly or very sedentary person, but rather for a very active and sporty master, willing to do different activities with your dog. Excels in activities that require agility like Frisbee or agility competitions.
Like the vast majority of sheepdogs, to the Australian Kelpie he likes to be busy; you are never happier than when you have a task to do. Like this, in addition to the essential walks and / or races, it is recommended that each dog play with him or train him in various activities in which he must apply the instructions given by his master, which he does with great devotion and seemingly limitless energy.
Lack of encouragement would be a huge problem for the Australian Kelpie; if bored, can become destructive, disobedient and engaging in various other behaviors intended to combat boredom, whether or not it conforms to the rules of the home. For example, can gnaw on various objects or make the garden look like a minefield by digging holes everywhere.
Therefore, the Australian Kelpie he is not a sedentary dog and can only be unhappy in a home that has little time and / or energy to give him. On the other hand, space is not necessarily a problem, as long as you get enough attention: can even cope with apartment living, whenever he has the opportunity to follow his master on excursions and activities, and thus be active daily.
Usually makes a good family dog, but you may be tempted to “to play” with the pastor with the children or even with the visitors passing by. Therefore, take special care with the youngest, as you may be tempted to nibble on your heels to get them back to where you feel they belong, or to encourage them to participate in an activity. With the Kelpie, the shepherd instinct is never far away.
The same goes for other pets, so it should be kept under surveillance if necessary. In any case, socializing him from a young age with other species can only be beneficial to prevent him from being mistaken for a herd once he is an adult.
In addition, although they can get along with other dogs, generally prefer the company of humans to that of other dogs.
Although originally developed for life on the farm, the Australian Kelpie not a dog to leave outdoors, since he gets bored quickly if separated from his family. However, as they are used to operating independently without much instruction, want to be an integral part of family life and tend to act like a member of the family rather than a pet. As a result, he is also a sensitive dog who does not like to be excluded from family activities.
With a lot of frequency, owners who have not taken the trouble to inform themselves seriously before adoption end up abandoning their Australian Kelpie because it takes too much time and attention. The energetic character, Kelpie's need for activity and intelligence should be taken very seriously when it comes to choosing the breed of dog to adopt. In any case, when your needs are well cared for, he is a very nice and loyal companion.
He does not easily trust strangers and is very territorial, it is also a very good watchdog, very alert and vocal, that alerts as soon as it hears a strange noise. Therefore, it is best to prevent strangers or even neighbors' pets from venturing into your territory, since I could be aggressive with them. The loud barking of the dog can also be problematic in an urban environment; if the dog is destined to live in the city, this is an aspect that should be particularly worked on as part of your education.
Education “Australian Kelpie”
The Australian Kelpie It is a breed of dog reserved for an experienced and very active owner. Either during training or after, it is important to give you clear and consistent rules, as it works much better in a structured environment.
However, your training is made easier by the fact that you need to keep busy, and is therefore generally content to participate in dog training activities. Can also be trained to participate in family chores: either picking up the mail, picking up clothes or toys off the floor or helping bring groceries, always ready for a new activity, even at a young age. Completing tasks is an integral part of Kelpie's personality, and can help you feel part of the family.
This willingness to be active and helpful makes the Australian Kelpie one of the easiest dog breeds to train. Excel in dog sports, they love to learn new orders and enjoy helping their owner. Training is not a particular problem, since they are completely obedient when they are sufficiently stimulated both intellectually and physically. On the other hand, boredom sets in soon, because he is an intelligent dog, and therefore learn quickly: it is useless to make him repeat the instructions too often, but he must be able to find new challenges and new activities for him regularly. A good solution may be to join a dog club that offers agility courses and games like Frisbee. (discdog).
Dog training techniques based on positive reinforcement, leading to rewarding the dog for desired behavior rather than punishing it for inappropriate behavior, are preferable with the Australian Kelpie, who has a rather sensitive personality and does not respond well to punishment or an overly imposing master. In fact, there is no point wanting to show your dog at all costs that you are the master, since he does not perceive his dog as superior, but rather as a companion. Therefore, you should treat him with respect and not underestimate his intelligence, especially since he is used to working alone and without too many instructions.
Last but not least, education should give priority to the socialization of the puppy from an early age, because the Australian Kelpie it is a territorial and distrustful dog. Otherwise, you risk becoming aggressive towards strangers and / or other animals. This will help you learn to react appropriately to strangers., preventing his natural mistrust from taking hold of him.
Health “Australian Kelpie”
The Australian Kelpie it is usually a healthy dog, but you run the risk of some of the problems often associated with the sheepdog group:
Collie eye abnormality: Despite its name, this condition not only affects Collie: the Australian Kelpie you can also be a victim of it. This inherited recessive disease can even lead to blindness;
Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament: rupture of this ligament located in the knee can be caused by trauma (20% of the cases), but more often it is simply due to joint fragility or false movement. It can also be caused by early deterioration of the joint, which is common in very active dogs like Kelpie. It is the most common cause of lameness in this breed, and can cause arthritis;
Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP): is the most common inherited disease in Collie family.
Most genetic diseases can be prevented by tight control of the genetics of farm animals to reduce inbreeding, as well as by detecting these diseases to prevent individuals carrying these genes from producing offspring. These are, of course, points that any breeder of Australian Kelpie worthy is particularly attentive.
Last but not least, the Australian Kelpie also leans for :
dislocation of the patella. May be of congenital origin, due to trauma or simply caused by wear and tear. The latter case is frequent in an active dog such as the Australian Kelpie.
You also have a higher than average risk of being overweight, so special vigilance is required at this level, in particular by regularly weighing your dog to control his weight.
Care and maintenance “Australian Kelpie”
Like the fur of the Australian Kelpie can vary quite a bit from one individual to another in terms of density and length, so does its maintenance. However, usually sheds a large amount of hair throughout the year, so it is necessary to brush the dog twice a week. Hair loss is obviously even more pronounced during shedding periods, in spring and autumn, and then it is necessary to opt for a daily frequency to remove dead hairs.
On the other hand, it is rare that you have to give your dog a bath: this is only necessary if you come into contact with a dirty or harmful substance.
In addition, being a very active breed of dog, their claws tend to wear out naturally, and therefore rarely need to be trimmed.
Looking at your teeth, pose no particular risk. All you need to do is brush your dog's teeth once a week.
In general, the Australian Kelpie It is a fairly easy dog to take care of. Above all, it is their great need for exercise and intellectual stimulation that makes them a demanding dog on a daily basis.
Uses and activities”Australian Kelpie”
It was originally developed as a sheepdog to herd and guide livestock, the Australian Kelpie has since become a versatile companion. Of course, also found in sheepdog competitions, but also as a police sniffing dog, psychological support dog, guide dog for the blind, but also simply as a family dog. In summary, it is a versatile animal that likes to keep busy and easily adapts to different contexts.
In Australia, but the Kelpie still primarily a sheepdog, it is also increasingly used as a therapy and companion dog. In fact, his sensitivity and need to be in the company of humans make him an exceptionally attentive dog.
In Sweden, Holland and Finland, they are used particularly as search and rescue dogs during accidents and disasters.
How much does a “Australian Kelpie”?
In Australia, a puppy of Australian Kelpie normally sold for about 580 Australian dollars (a few 350 EUR). Most of the individuals offered belong to working dog lines.
In other parts of the world, depending on lineage and pedigree, the price of a puppy Australian Kelpie is between 750 and 3.000 EUR. As individuals sold outside of Australia mainly come from show dog lines, the price range is quite wide because the price goes up quickly if the puppy comes from a line with a reputation for having distinguished itself in the field.
Characteristics "Australian Kelpie"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Australian Kelpie" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Kuvasz (PL. Kuvaszok) It is an ancient Hungarian breed of sheepdog.
The Kuvasz is an ancient guardian breed of herds that originated in Hungary, although their distant ancestors were probably type dogs Tibetan Mastiff.
While the Komondor was used on the grounds lower with drier climates, the Kuvasz was used in the wet grasslands of the highest mountains and the two were an integral part of the Hungarian economy. Later, during the century 15, the Kuvasz became a prized animal, the dog belonged to the Royal Court of the King Matthias Corvinus. Y, Since the Kingdom was offered to visiting dignitaries as a Royal gift Kuvasz puppies, Legend has it that the King was more confident their dogs than in their own Councillors. After the death of the King, the popularity of the breed among the nobles decreased, But even so the dog still their traditional role in the protection of livestock.
At the end of World War II, almost all the Kuvasz in Hungary had been killed. The dogs were used for the protection of their families, reason why were actively sought and killed by German and Soviet soldiers, while at the same time, some German soldiers were a large number of copies to their homes. After the Soviet invasion and the end of the war, the breed was almost extinct in Hungary.
The word Kuvasz, probably, it comes from the Turkish "Kavas" meaning guard, soldier or a protector. One theory posits that the Word may have its origin in ancient farmers of Russia-related, the Chuvash, that has contributed many words to the Hungarian language.
For a long time, the property of the Kuvasz was restricted, but they were finally used by the shepherds as guardians of the flock. That is the job they are known for today.. The dog's white fur allowed the shepherd to easily distinguish it from a wolf while mixing with the herd.
The Kuvasz should be of good size, solidly built and with a dignified air. The skull should be slightly arched and not too long, wedge-shaped snout. Leads the small ears hanging in the form of V. The body is rather long, with the slightly outgoing ribs. The legs are strong and not too long. The tail is long, slightly curved at the tip, which wears a beautiful plume. The coat is long, rough and undulating. The color has to be pure white, Although the white ivory can be accepted.
Although the skin is white, the pigmentation of the skin of Kuvasz should be dark and the nose should be black. The eyes must have an almendrada form. The females usually weigh between 35 and 50 kg, While males weigh in 50 - 70 kg, tieneto a bone structure medium. The height at the cross in the males is of 71 - 76 cm and the females of 66 - 70 cm..
As with many livestock guardian dogs, the color of the layer of the Kuvasz serves a functional purpose and is an essential breed criterion. To develop the breed a purpose clear in the Kuvasz was to realise a mantle of color, to provide pastors distinguish the dog of wolves attacking animals at night. The Komondor, a close relative of the Kuvasz, It has a white coat for the same reason.
The Kuvasz lose a lot of hair from time to time. The rest of care are complicated. We must bear in mind that it is a dog of strong personality, which is why their education must be early and can be put to the test the patience of the educator. You need a suitable space of movement and exercise.
Hair: short, smooth, closed and thick on the head and on the front of the extremities. in the trunk, brazos, tie and tail is long and wavy, and often forms ridges and locks. it's pretty rough, a little stiff and in no case felt. the undercoat is fine and woolly.
Size: males of 71 - 75 cm.; females of 66 - 70 cm..
Character and skills
The Kuvasz he is a tireless keeper of flocks, defending the predators. Previously it had been used also as a hunting dog to pursue wolves, wild boars and bears. It is also a great guardian. In his country the police and army use it as Assistant. In recent decades it has become also companion dog.
Good working dog, reliable watchdog, Pleasant Home Companion, so is the Kuvasz.
It has been used as a livestock guardian, but in recent years can be found in households as pet.
The Kuvasz he is a smart dog and is generally said to have a clown sense of humor, that can last throughout adolescence and adulthood. They are very loyal but patients animals who appreciate human attention, but it also needs its space, they are very independent animals.
According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Kuvasz is the No. 42 from the list.
Despite his intelligence, It should not be perceived as easy to train. Her independent personality can make the training a difficult task that, You can exhaust the patience, even for experienced owners. As a result, It is not recommended for beginners and those who do not have time to train and socialize in a manner appropriate to their Kuvasz.
On the other hand, many of these qualities make the Kuvasz excellent guardians for sheep or large farms. The Kuvasz has a very special and close relationship with his owner.
It is a sober and suffered dog, It resists weathering in the toughest conditions, Frequent brushing is therefore, necessary to keep their fur clean. A Kuvasz should not smell bad, This is usually a sign of illness or poor nutrition.
Homemade dog is friendly, affectionate and intelligent, and above all an excellent guardian, brave and quiet, suspicious and even reserved with strangers. Under its dignified appearance hides a playful temperament which makes him a loyal friend of children.
It is generally a healthy and robust breed whose life expectancy is about 12 or 14 years.
In the Kuvaszok, more serious health problems include hip dysplasia, osteocondrosis (a joint disorder that damages cartilage and bone) and a propensity for cruciate ligament injury. An eye disease called progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) is a potential concern, just like hypothyroidism (a common hormonal disease in dogs in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroxine) and vonWillebrand's disease (a disorder of blood clotting).
Not all of these diseases are detectable in a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined to detect these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.
Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation showing that the parents were exempt from health problems affecting the breed.. If the breeder tells you that the tests are not necessary because they have never had problems with their lines, that the dogs have been “reviewed by the veterinarian”, or offers you any other excuse to skimp on genetic testing of your dogs, leave immediately.
Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas. A puppy can develop one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in his lines and what are the most common causes of death.
Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Kuvasz at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. Make the most of diet and exercise to help ensure a healthier dog for life.
observations and advice
not a very well-known dog and, therefore, it is difficult to find a puppy of this breed. However, it is more widely used than Komondor, whose cloak scares many potential buyers. In fact, Kuvasz's hair is more difficult to care for, Since it must be brushed periodically to avoid the formation of knots, although it should be washed as little as possible.
The Kuvasz has a beautiful white double coat that loosens dirt but also loosens hair. Brush it weekly with a pin brush to remove dead hair and keep skin and coat healthy. Trim the hair between the toes to keep your feet looking good. Its coat repels water and removes dirt easily with brushing, so a bath is rarely necessary.
When summer comes, don't think your Kuvasz has suddenly developed a disease causing hair loss. It is normal for the Kuvasz to lose most of its long coat in hot weather.
The rest are basic care. Cut nails as needed, normally each week the. Brush your teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for good general health and fresh breath.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kuvasz" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Kromfohrlander (nicknamed Länder or Krom) It is a breed of dog originating in Germany company.
The Kromfohrlander it is a modern breed, born of the intervention of the United States in Germany after World War II. The exact story varies. A story tells that the founding dog of the breed, Peter, was a scruffy canine mascot that was found by American troops in northern France. Your ancestry could be a mix of Grand basset griffon vendéen and Fox Terrier (wire).
Somehow, Peter parted ways with the troops, but he was rescued by a woman named Ilse Schleifenbaum. She adopted him, and in the natural course of things, Peter had an affair with Fifi, a Fox Terrier (wire) black and white. Her cubs, Shaggy y Witch, they looked a lot like their father in looks and temperament. Ilse decided that her qualities were worth reproducing and called the dogs “krom fohr” (“crooked groove”), by the local landscape.
Another version of the history of the race is that Peter traveled with the troops and they handed him over to Frau Schleifenbaum. She raised him with her own dog, described as resembling a Fawn Brittany Griffon, producing five litters bearing their father's stamp. Be that as it may, the International Cynological Federation recognized them as a distinct breed in 1955.
The first Kromfohrlander imported to the United States was Button von der Britzer Muhle in 1997. A female followed, Finca vom Kahlharz, in 1999. The United Kennel Club recognized the breed a few years earlier, in 1996, classifying it originally as Terrier, but then reassigning her to companion dog status in 2013. However, was not up 2012 when the Kromfohrlander began to be registered with the Stock Service of the American Kennel Club Foundation (AKC FSS).
Currently, in Germany, a few 200 dogs of Kromfohrländer per year are under the umbrella of the VDH. Faced with the problem of inbreeding, in 2010 the breeding association was founded ProKromfohrländer e.V., you want to systematically counteract with selective crosses and other measures. For example, the Dansk-Svensk Gårdshund, a very similar Danish-Swedish dog breed provisionally recognized by the FCI, is being crossed to improve the breeding base. Taking into account the history of the breeding of the Kromfohrländer and the physical and psychological characteristics of both breeds of dogs, it seems that it is a good way. By the way, name Kromfohrländer comes from a valley near Siegen, that it's called Krom Fohr = Krumme Furche.
The Kromfohrländer It is one of the newer German dog breeds, practically unknown outside its borders.
The Kromfohrländer It is a breed of medium-sized companion dog . There are two different types of hair: rough hair (Rauhaar) and smooth hair (Glatthaar). This is what the provisions of the standard say about the general appearance. The standard says about the color of the coat:
Basic color white; Light brown markings, reddish brown to very dark brown in the form of spots of different sizes or like a saddle. Black hair ends with brown undercoat are allowed. In the head: light brown spots, reddish brown to dark brown on the cheeks, above the eyes and in the ears. Largely symmetrically subdivided with white markings extending to the forehead or nape (symmetrical mask with glow).
As a result of extreme inbreeding, the dogs in practice became increasingly pale in terms of their brown tones. That is why the Fox Terrier (wire) they crossed in the decade of 1960 to enhance colors. A Kromfohrländer has manageable dimensions, matching her cheerful charisma, friendly and lively .
Weight and height
Male size: 38 – 46 cm.
Female size: 38 – 46 cm.
Male weight: 11 – 16 kg
Female weight: 9 – 14 kg
Character and skills
The Kromfohrländer purebred is an adaptable dog, sensitive and with terrier blood.
It is a true family dog. He follows her where he can. At the same time, presents features of “unique dog”. Within his town there are always one or two people to whom he is especially attached. Especially close friendships can develop here, even intimate, if your humans allow it. So the world is alright for the dog, yes and while these his faithful friends are there. He is faithfully dedicated to them. Without them he is restless and only looks towards the door, when the master or loves her finally arrive.
With a little good education and guidance, he is a very sociable family dog, who is also very good at living with children. At the same time, he is quite reserved with strangers.
Some bark very discreetly, others report each movement. Both on the leash and on your own turf, the Kromfohrländer sometimes tends to megalomania. This appears to be an inheritance from the Terrier. Here your caregivers must show clear leadership. Only with the development of your own personality, usually at two years, becomes more relaxed in dealing with the outside world. Another advantage of Kromfohrländer is that he barely has hunting instinct. This makes walks or hikes in nature with him very relaxing.
The Kromfohrlander is generally healthy, with a life expectancy of 12 - 14 years.
All dogs have the potential to developgenetic health problems, Like all people, they have the potential to inherit a particular disease. – Do not walk – from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee to their puppies, to tell you that the race is 100 percent healthy and having no known problems or telling you that their puppies are isolated from the main body. from home for health reasons A reputable breeder will be honest and open about health problems in the breed and the incidence with which they occur in their lines.
Health problems that can be observed in the breed include:
Autoimmune thyroiditis (thyroid disease)
Cistinuria, a genetic defect that allows the accumulation of cystine, an amino acid, in urine.
keratosis, stiffening of the foot pad caused by an excess of a protein called keratin
Patellar luxation, an orthopedic condition that involves the kneecap slipping out of place
Ask the breeder what problems he has experienced in his lines - problems such as autoimmune thyroiditis may not appear until the dog is middle-aged or older.
Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and most attractive specimens, But sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, in many cases, thedogsThey can still live a good life. If you're going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what caused their death.
If a breeder tells you they don't need to do these tests or that their dogs don't need health certifications because they have never had problems in their lines, that their dogs have been checked by a vet or give any other excuse to skimp on genetic testing. dog, walk away immediately.
Remember that after you have brought a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common canine health problems: theObesity.Keep a Kromfohrländer at a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to help ensure a healthier dog for life.
The coat of the Kromfohrländer can be rough or smooth, and each type of coat can vary in length. Wire-haired dogs, or rough fur, they always have beards, which makes them look pretty and scruffy. The hair is thick and rough in texture. Beneath him is a short soft cape.
Smooth-haired dogs have feathers in their ears, chest and legs and a nice feathered tail. Your body hair can be short or long, and finishes off a short and smooth undercoat.
The Kromfohrländer lose hair, but not in excess. People who live with dogs say that regular sweeping and vacuuming is enough to keep their fur under control.
Fur tends to shed dirt easily, and dogs don't usually smell unless they've wallowed in something that smells bad. Bathe them when necessary. Depending on whether a Kromfohrländer spends a lot of time outdoors, as well as in your furniture, that can mean weekly, monthly or quarterly.
The rest are basic care. Trim your nails every week or two, or when necessary. Brush teeth frequently - with a veterinarian approved pet toothpaste- for general good health and fresh breath.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kromfohrlander" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Slovak Hound (Slovenský Kopov or Slovakian Hound) It is a breed of dog of size medium hound type. Originally from Slovakia, He was raised to the hunting of wild boar, not as a pet or show it in show ring (Showdog).
The club of the breed was created in Bratislava in 1988.
It listed by the FCI under number race 244, Group 6, Scent hounds, and related breeds, section 1.2 Medium-sized Hounds.
In United States it is promoted as a rare breed for those seeking a unique hunting dog.
"The name"Black Forest Hound"apparently it was created in the U.S. for reasons of marketing", It has nothing to do with the Black Forest.
The Slovak Hound it is a typical hunting dog in appearance, with a muscular body, long legs, long tail, the ears are long and loose. The short coat is always black, with reddish markings (black and tan). Dogs must weigh around 16 kg and must be measured, approximately, 46 cm to the cross, females are slightly smaller. This is the ideal size is described in the breed standard.
The Slovak Kopov is more full-bodied than the American breed Black and Tan Coonhound, but it is lighter than other similar dogs from Poland, such as Ogar Polski or Polish Hound is the largest in the country Hound. The eyes are always dark, deep, and have a look of bravery and courage.
Although it is an independent dog, is intelligent, and is easy to train. In addition, It is blessed with a great sense of direction.
The Slovak Hound it is a well-known hunting dog since ancient times, the breed was recognized for the first time in the year 1870. The races of Austrian Black and Tan Hound, Polish Hound and Hungarian Hound (Transylvanian Scent Hound) is thought to they have formed part of their ancestors. The etymology of the name seems to refer to the color of the dog.
The Slovak Hound was developed and used as a hunting dog, There is an animal that sole have as a pet or is usually present to dog competitions (Showdog). It has been bred for hunting, especially wild boar, Hence their fierceness. Although it is very common in its area of origin, rarely seen in other countries. The Slovak Hound is similar to other Eastern European hounds in appearance and hunting style. It is very faithful to his master, is a dog of aires free...
A Cretan Hound (Crete Hound) (in Greek: IΧΝΗΛΆΤΗΣ KΡΗΤΙΚΌΣ) It is a breed of dog originating in the island of Crete, in Greece. It is regarded as one of the oldest hunting breeds in Europe, with a history of each 4.000 years ago. There are documents of ago 3.500 years that speak of their existence. It is possible that their ancestors came from Africa, but they were subsequently adapted to this unique habitat of Crete, one island remote enough to host other unique species of animals, as for example the wild goat, the Lynx, and other.
This is a dog of many talents that comes directly from Crete.
It has an excellent sense of smell, speed, agility, resistance, It makes an exceptional Hare Hunter.
Hound of Crete or Cretan Hound is a thin dog, an intermediate point between a sniffer and a hound, Quick reflexes and high speed although the terrain is Rocky and dangerous. The head is wedge-shaped, with upright and very mobile ears that fold backwards as if it were a Greyhound in full pursuit. The tail is one of the most important characteristics of the breed, is long and curved upwards, forming as a ring.
The colors of this breed can range from: white, pure cream, sand, Beige, grey, striped or black, bi - or tri-color color.Its height is of 50 - 60 cm and the weight of 20 - 30 kg.
The Cretan Hound, is gentle, affectionate, noble, but tireless in the pursuit, is a quiet dog, it comes alive in the presence of dams, is clean, soft, elegant in form and movements. Somewhat reserved with strangers, is naturally curious and tolerant. The Cretan Hound, live happy together with other domestic animals, but mercilessly it will chase the neighbor cat! Excellent, friendly and very affectionate with children. Rarely ladra but will give notice when they reach strange home, in the cottages to be responsible for killing mice, rats and any vermin that go around the country.
It adapts very well to home life, likes children (When respect you), and like all dog, needs a proper exercise, walks, walks take it to places where they can run and to raise his instinct for Hunter.
There is a record written - official- about the origin of the Korean Jindo Dog, but many authors agree that this breed has existed since several thousands of years ago in the Jindo Island, which is located on the southwestern tip of the peninsula of Korea. However, There are different theories about its ancient origin and accepted indicates that Korean Jindo Dog is originally from Korea; the race has been well-preserved in this island because of the difficulty in transport in the past. In Korea, the Korean Jindo Dog are called Jindo-Kae or Jindo-Kyon; Kae and Kyon are the Korean language words that mean dog.
The Korean Jindo Dog is a dog of medium size, well proportioned, used for hunting and as guardian. Its erect ears and wound or sickle-shaped tail give a vivid expression of agility, Fortress, vigilance and dignity.
The Korean Jindo Dog has a very strong instinct for hunting; In addition to being bold, Bravo, alert and careful, not allowed to tempt easily and is hot-headed. First and foremost, is extremely faithful to its owner. It is reserved with strangers. In general, is not affectionate with other animals, particularly with males. It also has a good sense of orientation. It is a dog of a single owner; He quickly agree to a new owner but it never forgets its ties with the previous owner who raised him since that was puppy. Stays clean and eat little.
The Korean Jindo Dog has a double layer of hair. The inner layer is smooth, dense, pale, But enough to sustain the outer layer. The outer layer is stiff and somewhat separated from the body. Compared with the hair covering the body, the hair of the head, members and ears is shorter, and neck, cross, back and trunk is longer. The hair of the tail and rear of the thighs is longer than the rest of the body.
The Korean Jindo Dog are famous for their ability to hunt, due to his bravery, cunning, and sensitivity.
In addition to the usual prey of hunting, his hunting prowess is displayed in a legend that tells that three Korean Jindo Dog, they killed a Siberian Tiger.
They have been used, mainly, in the hunting of deer and wild boar.
The Korean traditional game that is free of weapons, having a Korean Jindo Dog Pack, was a real treasure. They used to go hunting, a teacher and his Pack, then when the dogs were able to capture its prey, one of the Korean Jindo Dog, I went in search of the master, to lead to the dam, While the rest of the Pack was guarding the prey of the emergence of scavengers.
The Korean Jindo Dog, He is known for his unwavering loyalty and friendly nature. Because of this, There is a false idea that a Korean Jindo Dog is loyal only to its first owner or who raised him from puppy. This idea is not entirely true, What is certain is that they tend to preserve forever the love towards the people who have taken care of them, Although change home, they still want their former masters.
Because the Jindo is an active and intelligent dog, It requires frequent interaction with people or another family dog. For some, the Jindo may even be too smart, because they commonly think for itself. The same intelligence that allows the dog to learn commands and tricks very quickly may be too much to try to domesticar…
To be so lively, It is a dog who gets bored easily if it is only or locked for long periods of time, You can try to jump over a fence or wall, digging deep wells, and it may even be very destructive if left trapped at home. Because of this many Korean Jindo Dog is found in animal shelters, abandoned by owners that they knew in what they were getting to accept the responsibility associated with having a Korean Jindo Dog. It is a dog who doesn't like anything the water, above all flows, some of them do not even want to leave when llueve…
The Komondor It is a breed of guard dog and pastor, originally from Hungary. Its main feature is the peculiar appearance of its fur, that falls in tufts like dreadlocks.
The Komondor is a breed of dog originally from Hungary, where it has been fulfilling its mission as a herding dog for more than 1000 years. Its long white fur allows it to blend in with the flocks of sheep it cares for and which it especially resembles.. So you can catch threatening predators by surprise, including impressive opponents such as bears or wolves.
It probably originated from the dogs that came to Hungary with the Magyars, nomads who came from Central Asia around the year 900 d.C. and they took their dogs to tend their flocks of cattle and sheep. Other experts argue that the ancestors of Komondor they arrived with the cumans, another Turkish nomadic people who, after the Mongol invasion of 1237, took refuge in present-day Hungary.
It is this last hypothesis that we find in the name of the breed, since the term “Komondor” comes from “Quman-dur“, that means “Cuman dog”. Although researchers have found the remains of these dogs in Cuman cemeteries dating back to the 13th century, the oldest written description dates from the 16th century.
At the end of the 17th century it was very popular in Hungary, and has remained so ever since. Raised and selected for their courage and strength, It was used mainly in the field to monitor farms, and in the mountains to protect the flocks of sheep. Hungarians are very proud of this dog, who is credited with the considerable decrease in the number of wolves in his country, and that it was not crossed or modified until the middle of the 20th century.
Komondor entered the United States between the wars, and the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1937. However, World War II and then the Cold War put an end to Hungary's imports.
In more general terms, the breed suffered greatly during these difficult times, seeing that their number decreased considerably. During World War II, many of their representatives were assassinated by the German military, since it was impossible for them to access the farms and houses of the country while this imposing guard dog protected them. Obviously, conflicts also limited its export to other countries.
In the Decade of 1960, Hungarian and American breeders were able to renew their ties, so the import of the Komondor to the United States. While the race was on the brink of extinction (even in their country of origin, mostly due to the consequences of the war), saw their number grow considerably and their notoriety do the same, both in Hungary and abroad.
In the United States, attempts in the west of the country to use him as a herder are promising, and its use throughout the country has been increasing considerably. Logically, el United Kennel Club (UKC), another reference canine organization in the country, recognized it as an official breed in 1983.
In Europe, over the years 50, the Komondor was crossed with him South Russian Ovcharka, to get new bloodlines. It is also at this time - and more precisely in 1954- When the Komondor was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
However, this is a rare breed of dog, regardless of the country. In fact, even in the country where a large proportion of the population is located, the United States, it is not very common. For example, just occupy around the place 160 (of 190) in the ranking of the most popular dogs in the United States, based on number of annual AKC registrations.
In France, it is also discreet, since the average number of annual registrations in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) it's around of 15 since the beginning of the 21st century. It has even experienced a certain decline, since this number was more or less in the thirties around the nineties. Not much better, for example, en el Reino Unido, where the number of registrations per year with The Kennel Club rarely exceeds ten.
The Komondor it is a large and strongly built dog. Your outward appearance, that of a winner and his majestic posture arouse respect in the observer and eventually also fear. Not flattering by nature. The robust body is covered by long hair, always bushy without exception, matted, tufted. Seen in profile, the body is a rectangle lying, almost a square. Protruding above the body, the head appears very densely hairy. The tail is carried hanging with the tip bent almost reaching the horizontal.
Hair: thick and bushy, holding to be felted or strung (in the latter case it is not felted). Presence of sunpelo.
Color: White, white profile.
Size: males, of 65 – 80 cm., for a weight of 50 – 60 kg; females, of 55 -70 cm., for a weight of 40 – 50 cm..
Observations and tips.
The cloak may seem difficult to care for, but it doesn't really need any care. It should not even be brushed because its hardiness must be kept intact. For hygiene reasons, must bathe regularly.
Character and skills
Unwavering courage in defending and caring for the herds under her charge, also from his territory and his master's house. Attack silently and boldly. Consider your district as if it belonged to you, in which it does not admit any strange being. Is distrustful. Your day goes by happily when you can spend it controlling your territory. During the night it remains in permanent movement.
With good training and in expert hands it can be a good defense dog, although quite conflicting with other dogs, and can bite a man if he is not socialized from the earliest age. Fortunately, it is very docile and a signal from its owner is enough to stop it when it decides to attack.
Komondor's coat begins to lace up when he is eight months to one year old. The coat does not come off much, but the laces must be separated regularly to maintain their appearance, and the coat attracts the dirt. Once a Komondor passes the puppy stage, its coat will probably never have its pristine whiteness before. The coat should never be dirty, tangled or foul-smelling.
To avoid problems, ask the breeder to show you how to care for the coat. Trimming the hair around the mouth and cleaning the dog's face after meals is one way to help reduce odor..
The rest are basic care. Trim nails as needed, usually every week or two. Keep ears clean and dry. Brush your teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for good general health and fresh breath.
The Komondor they are generally healthy, but the conditions that are sometimes seen in the breed include hip dysplasia, eye problems like entropion (a deformity of the eyelid), and juvenile falls, and swelling, also known as gastric torsion or gastric dilatation volvulus.
Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation showing that the parents were exempted from health problems affecting the breed. Have dogs undergo a “veterinary checkup” It is not a substitute for testing genetic health.
Remember that after bringing a new puppy home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a KomondorA proper weight is one of the easiest ways to extend your life. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Komondor" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
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