Fila Brasileiro
Brazil FCI 225 - Molossoid - Dogo

Fila Brasileiro

The Fila Brasileiro it is a rare dog in Europe, which implies that it is difficult to find a good puppy.



The Fila Brasileiro its history is linked to both genetic mixing and Brazilian colonization. There is no consensus on its origin, but probably the Brazilian line is the result of a mix of dogs whose specialty was hunting and grazing animals in the field. The mastiff, the Bulldog, the Terceira line (a portuguese breed) and the Scent hound they are just some examples of possible races that have contributed to trace the DNA of the Brazilian line. Some say that indigenous dogs (Aracambé) and even the savages, like the guarbo wolf, they may also have participated in the miscegenation.

In some 19th century carvings, the breed was already known to assist in catching oxen, cows, sheep and even big cats, like jaguars, for example. This shows that the Brazilian line was not just a dog to have on the doorstep, taking a nap in the late afternoon: I was really going to the fight! And maybe that's where his keen sense of protection comes from, always putting strangers in their place once they get home.

In 1946 the first effort was made to set the breed standard. In 1976, the second standard was recognized and approved during the 1st Symposium of the Brazilian Fila Race. In 1984 the third rule was defined, which is still in force today.

Physical characteristics

It is a trotting large but very agile. It has a powerful skeleton and a rectangular structure, compact and proportionate. The head is big, heavy and solid, although it is always proportionate to the body. The craniofacial relationship is almost 1:1, with the nose slightly shorter than the skull. The occipital ridge is very prominent, especially in the puppy. The stop is low and inclined, so it should not be seen when looking at the animal from the front. The eyes are medium or large, in the form of almond, quite sunken and colored according to the mantle (yellow to dark brown). Ears are wide and thick, pendants and "V" shaped. The limbs are parallel and straight, with strong bones. A characteristic of the breed is the way of moving around. The tail is very wide at the root and narrows rapidly when it reaches the hock height..

  • Hair: short.
  • Color: all solid colors are supported, except white, the rat gray and the mottled or stained coat, liable to disqualification. Solid color layers may have stripes of less intense or very dark color. Black mask is optional.
  • Size: in males, of 63 - 75 cm., with a minimum weight of 50 kg; in females, of 60 - 70 cm., with a minimum weight of 40 kg.

Character and skills

The Brazilian Fila is very determined, brave and can be very fierce. They can be docile and very obedient to their owners and family and are very tolerant of children.. It is a dog that loves the company of its owner and always tries to be with him. One of the most striking points of the Fila Brasileiro is the aversion to strangers. So they are excellent guard dogs..

The Fila Brasileiro are the protectors of the herd (namely, the family that raises him) and therefore they need to be educated from an early age. At the age of 7 months already begin to show surveillance potential. As they are very large and very strong dogs, it's important for owners to have a firm wrist and show leadership from an early age, so that the dog becomes obedient and respects the owners.

They are very smart and tend to easily learn the owners' teachings. Be careful not to be too stiff in corrections when Fila Brasileiro does something wrong, because they can be a little stubborn and make training difficult.

This dog's aggressive instinct should not be stimulated (and less with bloody methods), because it could become a dangerous animal, given its great bulk. Without a doubt, this is a breed for experts.

Videos Fila BrasileiroFila brasileiro

Fila brasileiro puppies week 7

Fila Brasileiro Care

Maintaining a Fila Brasileiro is not laborious, not too different from other large, short-haired dogs. The frequency of the bath can vary according to the type and intensity of the activities carried out by each dog.

– Grooming: the Fila Brasileiro does not need more than a weekly brushing, because its coat is short and the breed doesn't get too dirty. Ideally, you should bathe monthly in summer and, in winter, Every two months.

– Nails and ears: you always have to check them. The nail cannot grow too long and the ear cannot accumulate wax and dirt. Remember that Fila Brasileiro is prone to developing otitis and keeping it clean makes it easier to perceive any problem.

– Eyes: if there is any spot near the eyes or accumulation of discharge, clean them with saline.

– Sol: sunbaths are welcome: stimulate the body to produce vitamin D, essential for strong teeth and bones. The ideal time for this is the same as for humans, avoid the hottest times of the day, between the 10 am and 4 pm.

Fila Brasileiro Health

The Fila Brasileiro is a healthy breed of dog. Maintaining the basic routine of care and controlling your physical shape, the chances of you having a happy life are great! See some problems that may affect you:

– Obesity: common cause of health problems that can affect not only the Fila Brasileiro, but to all overweight dogs. As the Fila Brasileiro has a certain tendency to gain weight, watch for changes in the general shape of the dog, avoid giving treats and respect the recommended amounts of food for the breed.

– Otitis It is an infection that can affect the Fila Brasileiro's hearing and can be caused by age or even lack of hygiene.

Dog's level of exercise

The Fila Brasileiro needs a lot of exercise, what requires available space – even if you walk on walks. Must exercise for one hour daily. And how is a smart dog, seeks to diversify its activities. A simple change in the ride route offers new stimuli and keeps you happy.

Characteristics "Fila Brasileiro"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Fila Brasileiro" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Images "Fila Brasileiro"


1 – PETRA VESELÁ has published this image “Fila Brasileiro” under public domain license.
2 – Original Female Fila Brasileiro – branca to AJorgeSC / CC BY-SA
3 – Fila brasileiro (ALMODOVAR Rio Grande – from RIO GRANDE kennel) by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4 – Puppy OFB at 4 months old by AJorgeSC / CC BY-SA
5 – row brazilian-colombia hatchery – 223 | Julio Cesar Hoyos A | Flickr
6 – row brazilian-colombia hatchery – 086 – Flickr

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
    • CKC – Miscellaneous list
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI breed standard "Fila Brasileiro"


    Alternative names:

      1. Brazilian Mastiff, Onceiro (Jaguar Hound), Cabeçudo (Big-headed), Black Mouth (English).
      2. chien de Fila (French).
      3. Brasilianischer Mastiff (German).
      4. Brazilian mastiff, Mastiff brasileiro, Boca Negra, Onceiro, Cabeçudo, Boiadeiro das Minas Gerais, Cão de Fila brasileiro (Portuguese).
      5. Cabeçudo boiadeiro, Fila brasileño (Spanish).
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