The Karst Shepherd a typical guard dog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd.
The Karst Shepherd It is a breed that has existed for several centuries and belongs to the group of molosoids. Probably, This dog followed the Illyrian tribe in their migration through Styria and the Dalmatian islands and settled in the Slovenian region of the Karst Massif.. The first time that race is referred to in writing is in 1689, en el libro del Barón Janez Vajkart Valvasor titulado « La gloria del ducado de Carniole ». The breed and its standard were officially recognized on 2 in June of 1939 con el nombre de «Iliria Shepherd» durante la asamblea general de la F.C.I. in stockholm. During the F.C.I general assembly. in Bled-Slovenia in 1948, the standard was completed and the breed recognized again. However, to 16 in March of 1968, the Iliria Shepherd from the Karst massif, bore the same name as the Shepherd of the Sarplanina massif. In front of two shepherd dogs with the same name, la Sociedad Central Yugoslava decidió nombrar al de la región de Karst « Pastor del macizo de Karst » y al otro «Sarplaninac ». Since then, these two races are totally independent.
Externally, the Karst Shepherd they are hardly distinguishable from those of Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina. They are on average slightly smaller than their relatives who live further south, pero la altura a la cruz aceptada para la cría es la misma para ambas razas.
It is a dog's size medium, harmoniously built, robust, con músculos bien desarrollados y una constitución fuerte.
The head is big, with powerful teeth. The eyes are almendrados, brown or almost black. The ears are inserted moderately high and fall flat in the form of “V”. The tail, wide at the base, takes the form of a saber, drawing a light hook with the tip should reach the hock.
Fur: quite long, reaches the 14 cm.; the undercoat is well developed.
Color: grey iron. A dark shade is preferable on the cross; towards the abdomen and feet the color changes without visible transition to light gray or even sand color, with a dark gray band across the lower extremities. The dark mask on the head surrounded by beige gray hair.
Size: males, of 57 a 63 cm. (ideal 60 cm.); females, of 54 a 60 cm. (ideal 57 cm.).
Character and skills
The Karst Shepherdes un típico perro guardián. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd. It is very territorial, brave and vigilant, but without biting. He is distrustful and even hostile to strangers, but a loyal and devoted companion of his master and his family.
The born Guardian needs early and careful socialization and loving but consistent education. He only submits to clear leadership.
Like all guard dogs, the Karst Shepherdes de desarrollo tardío, reaches mental maturity only at 3-4 years.
He loves country life and being outdoors. Its ideal habitat is a house with a large parcel of land that it can monitor. With a close family relationship and a task that fits your natural waking instinct. The Karst Shepherdes un perro de compañía agradable, kind and also obedient, but he will never completely detach himself from his strong independence.
Overall Karst Shepherd It:
Incorruptible guard in the house
Does not get along with other dogs.
Patient, pero aún así afectuoso
Forgiving with children
Karst Shepherd Education and Maintenance
Only conditionally suitable for the city.
Outside the mountainous regions of Slovenia, these dogs are very rarely found. This is because, on the one hand, to his great need to move and, on the other hand, to the high demands of their education. The Karst Shepherd are more individual than other sheepdog breeds, since they are often left to their own devices in their “natural habitat” and protect herds independently. An experienced owner with a lot of patience and a sense of mind for your dog will have little trouble educating his Karst Shepherd towards an obedient and calm companion.
Karst Shepherd Health
The Karst Shepherd it's quite healthy for a sheepdog, pero sufre de algunos problemas típicos de la raza. On average, they reach an age of 10 a 12 años y por lo tanto se vuelven significativamente mayores que la mayoría de losGerman shepherds. The Karst Shepherd, living in a family environment, they are less susceptible to disease than animals that have to sleep in kennels and are permanently exposed to the weather. Boredom is also a stressor and affects the mind and health of dogs..
Its claws must be shortened regularly. Tienen oídos sensibles que se inflaman rápidamente.
Very long-growing dogs suffer more often from so-called dachshund paralysis (intervertebral disc disorders).
Dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints are also more common in these dogs..
Buy a Karst Shepherd
Several breeders of the Karst Shepherd they are members of the Dog Club of Southern and Eastern Europe.
Some Slovenian breeders offer their dogs for export. ¡Presten atención a las buenas condiciones de cría!
Like the Karst Shepherd they are very rare outside of Slovenia, difícilmente podrá visitar al criador antes de comprar. If you have the possibility, Combine buying a puppy with a multi-week vacation in Slovenia. If your puppy already knows you, you will feel much less stress during the transfer and during the first adaptation phase. You can also check the conservation conditions during a visit to the breeder.
Characteristics "Karst Shepherd"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Karst Shepherd" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Rafeiro of Alentejo It is an excellent watchdog in the haciendas and houses of the Alentejo.
The Rafeiro of Alentejo (Mastín del Alentejo), as its name suggests, comes from the Portuguese region of Alentejo, que se extiende al sur del río Tajo hasta el Algarve. El perro de pedigrí, that within the FCI belongs to the Group 2 (Molossoid), Mountain Dogs subsection, has a long history as a herding dog. Although little is known about the exact origin of this rare breed, their parents are supposed to be found in the molossian dogs of the Middle East. The Estrela Mountain Dog (Star Mountain Dog), also from portugal, was probably also involved in its origin.
In the Alentejo lowlands, shepherds used the Rafeiro of Alentejo to herd and drive cattle. What's more, el intrépido amigo de cuatro patas protegía el rebaño que se le había confiado evitando de forma fiable los ataques de animales salvajes o cuatreros. Especially at night the Rafeiro of Alentejo defended his flock to the blood. The wealthy large landowners appreciated the imposing dog not only as a vigilant protector, sino también como un símbolo de estatus de fuerza y poder.
A medida que la industrialización avanzaba y los grandes latifundios disminuían, the rafeiro it got weirder. In the early 20th century, dogs of this type were almost extinct. However, un pequeño círculo de entusiastas se aseguró de que la raza se preservara. In 1940 a first breed standard was established. 14 years later, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) finally recognized the breed.
When the Rafeiro of Alentejo, cattle thieves and wild animals quickly flee: ¿Quién querría meterse con un perro tan grande y poderoso?
With a height at the withers of up to 76 cm and a weight of approximately 50 kg, the Portuguese breed dog has a very striking appearance. His massive head and strong, muscular body give a defensive impression.. Look calmly at your opponent with small brown eyes, between which there is a slight groove, but nothing escapes your watchful eye.
Despite its bulky shape and somewhat heavy and slow gait, the body of the Rafeiro of Alentejo seems to be rather long than wide. The neck offers a good transition to the shoulder, the back is straight. The tail is well furnished and thickened at the base, rather low and forms a slight upward curve when excited. In rest position it reaches to the hock. Ears of the Rafeiro they are medium in size and fall to one side when folded.
The dense and smooth coat of the Portuguese Sheepdog is short to medium length and has abundant undercoat, giving you reliable protection in all weather conditions. The Rafeiro of Alentejo it is available in black, gris lobo, leonado or yellow with or without white spots. A white base color with yellow spots is also allowed., así como los ejemplares atigrados según el estándar de la raza.
Character and skills
At night, the Rafeiro of Alentejo he is in his best moment: nothing escapes your watchful eye, su buen olfato y sus excelentes oídos. Anyone who dares to enter their territory is captured without notice and, if required, wholesale. Pastors who have a Rafeiro they no longer have to fear rustlers or poachers.
Like a purebred dog, cuya única tarea es acompañar y proteger a su familia, the Portuguese breed dog is completely unsuitable. Although he is faithful and loyal to his family, su agudeza innata es difícil de controlar incluso con una educación consistente. Después de todo, el inteligente y seguro de sí mismoRafeiro of Alentejo has always been used to working and acting independently. However, the will to subordinate and obedience are not among its strong points.
Who wants to keep a Rafeiro of Alentejodebe poder ofrecerle un gran territorio en el que pueda vivir su instinto vigilante y protector según su estado de ánimo. This does not mean, of course, that one should just let this dog go. A responsible owner socializes and educates his dog from the beginning. Le muestra claramente quién lleva las riendas en su mano y dónde están sus límites. At the same time, he also accepts that his four-legged friend needs his freedom. The Rafeiro will never become a “good lap dog”.
Compra un “Rafeiro of Alentejo”
Those interested in a Rafeiro of Alentejo Purebreds sometimes have to go a long way to find a suitable breeder. However, people who want to buy this dog on a whim, debería abstenerse de comprarlo. The Rafeiro it is and continues to be an excellent herd dog and should be kept in that context. Quien quiera convertirlo en un perro de compañía adecuado para la familia, no se hace ni a sí mismo ni al perro ningún favor.
Health and life expectancy of “Rafeiro of Alentejo”
Las enfermedades típicas de la raza son apenas conocidas debido a la baja propagación de la raza. The Rafeiro it is a very robust dog whose life expectancy is comparatively high, of 12 a 14 years. However, like all dogs of their size and format, You may also have joint problems such as hip joint dysplasia or elbow dysplasia.
The diet of the “Rafeiro of Alentejo”
In principle, esta raza no tiene necesidades dietéticas específicas. However, a balanced and healthy diet is, of course, also important for this dog – also or especially regarding possible joint problems. Therefore, siguiendo la dieta para cachorros de alta energía, se debe dar primero un alimento bastante bajo en proteínas para evitar que el joven perro crezca demasiado rápido. In the adult dog, the energy value of the food can increase again. Now, fresh meat, a través de la cual se absorbe la cantidad necesaria de proteína animal, should mainly fill the feeding bowl. Fresh vegetables and rice are suitable as a healthy garnish. Fish can be given as an alternative to meat.
Characteristics "Rafeiro of Alentejo"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Rafeiro of Alentejo" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina is a brave dog, quiet, safe and reserved with strangers.
As it is the case with many breeds, the true origins of this big guy are unknown, although there are theories that try to approach them. Some authors raised that their ancestors were the ancient molossians, especially dogs from Greece and livestock guarding dogs from Turkey.
Other authors believe that the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, drift of Asian dogs that arrived in Europe accompanied by migration of peoples who were engaged in raising them. This theory is the most widely accepted today..
The race was initially recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1939 under the name Illyrian Shepherd Dog, demonstrating the ancient name of the native region of these dogs.
In 1957, at the request of the Yugoslav Canine Federation (JKS), the FCI changed the name to Yugoslav Shepherd Dog–Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, because it is in the Šar Mountains (Šar Planina in South Slavic languages, is a mountain range located on the southern border of Serbia in the province of Kosovo and in the northwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia), where is concentrated the largest number of specimens of the breed.
If there is something indisputable it is that the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, lives since ancient times in the mountainous regions of the former Yugoslavia, from where it has spread throughout the Balkan Peninsula and recently, beyond these borders.
The image of the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina appears on the obverse of the coin 1 Denar, issued in the Republic of Macedonia in the year 1993, and also is the emblematic character of the coat of arms of Honey, a city in the South of Kosovo, which is located in the region of the Šar Mountains.
The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina has reached the ranches of North America as an esteemed sheepdog and cattle guardian. Predator problems have been greatly diminished once a Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina , takes the responsibility of a herd. You are one of the few dogs that can chase away a wolf or bear.
The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, is a large size dog, It is quite above average when it comes to large breeds. It is also robust and equipped with a strong Constitution.
The height males average is of 56 a 62 cm and females is of 54 a 58 cm.. The length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers.
Although some authors speak of the existence of individuals whose actions were between 75 and 85 cm. of height and a weight of 65 a 100 kg.
– The huge head is proportional to the body, It has the skull slightly convex and slightly longer than the muzzle.
– The eyes of the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina they are almond-shaped and chestnut-colored (light or dark), transmit an expression of serenity but the look is penetrating.
– The ears they are medium-sized, flat and hang on the cheeks.
– The tail It is long and Sabre-shaped, if it is in a state of alert, it carries it high, barely exceeding the line of the back.
– The fur It is long in some parts of the body and short in others. In the head, the ears and the anterior part of the extremities, is short. The length of the neck, the body and the back of the limbs and tail, is long.
– Regard to the the fur color, all uniform colors are supported but it is preferable to be gray iron and gray very dark. As well, at the top of the head, the neck and the trunk have darker hair.
Character and skills
The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina it is silent, active and very protective, extremely bright, but very independent. It is an extremely good watchdog, and very reserved with strangers. The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina they are calm sheepdogs, very smart, which is why, wisely, they choose their friends, trust no one too fast. They are naturally fearless defenders of the pack, as well as his master and his property, so everything he considers his property is jealously and unconditionally guarded. This is a dog with character and very dominant that requires work.. If we just want this dog to be a companion, constant professional education from an early age is essential.
The animals that live with him on the farm will be under his protection and there is no need to fear for them.. However, does not tolerate strange and unknown animals, often aggressive, and the same problems can happen with smaller pets, that can be seen as prey.
She will get along well with the children she will be together with from an early age, will be devoted and protective of them, and you may consider children you don't know as uninvited guests, so we must be very careful. You must be especially careful with younger children, since he will watch over them all the time due to the shepherd's instinct, but if the children want to get away, will drag them back, so you can injure them without realizing it.
Similar to the Caucasian Shepherd Dog –that is very much– has a temperament more characteristic of a guard dog than a herd dog.
Let us not forget that this agility, He was selected to defend the herds of the attack of wolves that were previously very numerous in their homeland.
It is necessary that the owner of this dog is a person responsible and very conscious of the copy that is in charge of, the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, It has a specially developed and powerful teeth, It can be a real danger if the dog is not given a correct and healthy education.
Education “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”
This is not a suitable dog for beginners. He is very suspicious and incorruptible. Usually, is completely loyal to a single owner. Education must be clear, consistent and should be carried out from the first meeting with the puppy. Early socialization is mandatory. With an inadequate education, this dog can become uncontrollable, very aggressive, dangerous even to the owner.
These dogs really need a lot of exercise. If the dog goes to work on a farm, will meet your daily career needs while working, otherwise, need a longer walk or daily run.
This is a dog suitable exclusively for outdoor life. You will feel better on a farm or in a larger rural fenced yard because you will be able to run freely and perform your primary role as a sheepdog..
Care “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”
Your care is not too demanding. Thick hair just needs brushing once in a while, once a week will be enough, except when you change your coat that more frequent brushing is recommended. As with other dogs, this breed also needs to clean their ears, eyes and shorten their claws.
Health “Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina”
No known genetic health problems, it is considered a relatively healthy breed. As with other large breeds, hip dysplasia can occur in this breed.
The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims.
The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is an ancient watchdog of the mountainous world of the Pyrenees. Allí se llama oficialmenteChien de Montagne des Pyrénées. The people of the Pyrenees call him the cute little one Patou. The pyrenees, like a vast, deserted and rugged, previously inaccessible mountain range, form the natural border between France and Spain. Aquí había y hay lobos y osos, with the consequent problem for ranchers. What's more, las ovejas solían ser uno de los pocos medios de vida de la gente de aquí. Mientras que en Alemania y otros países de Europa Central la gente lamenta el regreso del lobo y se queja de los daños causados a la caza y a los rebaños de ovejas, in the Pyrenees dogs such as the Patou from time immemorial. And there are no complaints. Guard dogs are an integral part of every flock of sheep in the Pyrenees mountains.
On the French side, they are officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées or Pyrenäenberghund, on the Spanish side Perro de montaña de los Pirineos or Gran Pirineo. In addition to protecting herds against thieves, wolves and bears, también protegía las grandes propiedades. His powerful figure, his determination and ability to attack in an emergency were not without effect. La impresión debió ser tan duradera que su trabajo ya estaba documentado en escritos de la antigüedad y la Edad Media. Se informa que los perros habrían reconocido a las personas de lejos por su ropa. In 1391 it is said that the Count of Foix did a test. Si venía disfrazado de vagabundo, the dogs attacked him from afar without hesitation. Si venía vestido como un conde, he wasn't bothered.
The Patou was not a uniform race in the past. En los valles muy remotos a menudo había razas locales, genetically isolated, optimized for your job task naturally, but in the end the same dogs came out with a very similar appearance and character, aunque podrían haber estado separados genéticamente durante generaciones. Extremely harsh living conditions obviously outweighed the disadvantages of inbreeding. La cría moderna de perros con pedigrí se interesó en estos impresionantes perros muy pronto. Already at the first dog show in France, in 1863, a separate class was established for the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.
An attempt was made to establish the Patou also outside the Pyrenees as a watchdog and protection. In 1907 the first standard was established in France. However, debido a las dos guerras mundiales y al período de hambre asociado, the population of Patou outside the mountains suffered serious setbacks. In 1955 obtained the official recognition of the FCI – International Cynological Federation.
The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a big dog, imposing, powerful and at the same time athletic and agile. Doesn't seem clumsy or massive, but rather elegant piecework. It has a medium length coat, very dense and flexible, which can be slightly wavy. The bottom layer is also very dense. To the colors that the official standard says:
White or white with gray spots (badger gray or wolf gray), pale yellow or orange (rusty) in the head, ears and base of tail, sometimes also in the body.
The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it has a majestic height at the withers 70 and 80 centímetros en los machos y de 65 a 75 in females. The weight must be between 60 and 70 kg. The measurements are quite similar to those taken by the Conde de Bylandt when he first described the breed in 1897, when he just called the dogs “Chien des Pyréneés“. The head of the Patou remember the contours of a molosser. Shows a very alert and attentive facial expression. Es un perro que descansa en sí mismo, who first of all observes everything, seemingly listless. This is underlined by his eyes, they're supposed to be sweet and dreamy, with its dark amber color.
Character and skills
The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims. He looks cute and calm looking, sublime and imposing almost like a blank teddy bear, but you must not be wrong. It has a strong character combined with a very own but clear idea of â€‹â€‹how it should behave – and the others in their domain. This idea is naturally shaped by its use throughout the centuries, where he had to defend his flock to life or death as a guard without the presence of the shepherd and, therefore, had to make decisions independently. The official standard classifies his character qualities as follows:
Since the dog was used exclusively to protect herds against attacks by predators, su selección para la cría se basaba en su idoneidad como guardián, their respectable appearance and also their relationship with the herd. Las características resultantes son la fuerza y la agilidad, así como la dulzura y el apego a sus protegidos. This watchdog has a tendency to independence and initiative, which requires some authority from his master.
One Pyrenean Mountain Dog should only be held by an experienced and mentally strong person. First of all, not a family dog. However, puede llegar a serlo si tiene una guía extremadamente competente de su amo o cuidador y si las condiciones externas son las correctas. Only then can he be a good family dog â€‹â€‹and lovingly protect all members of the family., including other four-legged friends. What's more, is a good guardian and extremely reliable protector of the house and all those who, in your opinion -which should be clarified-, belong to it. Towards strangers he is suspicious.
The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it is extremely undemanding in its maintenance – if one ignores the aforementioned restrictions due to its nature as a watchdog. Es poco exigente en su nutrición así como en su alojamiento. You can spend the whole year outside without problems – as long as you have a suitable hiding place and “suitable” does not mean neither kennel nor chain, because he must be able to move in his territory. Este perro grande y seguro de sí mismo es bastante sensible y da gran importancia a un estrecho vínculo emocional con su familia humana. You need a trusting relationship with your master or caregiver.
Gracias a la moderna cría de perros con pedigrí, the Patou is better prepared for a big city life than other herd protection dog breeds like the Kangal or the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. Así que si tienes una propiedad grande y bien cercada en el campo, si tienes alegría, fun, experience and the possibility of getting involved with these dogs, you can experience a particularly impressive and beautiful facet of the human-dog association.
Pyrenean Mountain Dog Education
The education of Pyrenean Mountain Dog belongs to the hands of a teacher or lover with deep experience and canine knowledge. Like any other race, Pyrenean mountain dogs must be well socialized and educated since they are puppies. Sería irresponsable querer mantener a un perro así como un principiante.
Care and health of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog
Absolutely easy to care for and undemanding. The Pyrenean Mountain Dog generally enjoys very robust health. Some health problems may include hip dysplasia; problemas cardíacos como la displasia de la válvula tricúspide; cancers like osteosarcoma (bone cancer); eye problems such as persistent pupil membranes, progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts; dissecting osteochondritis (an orthopedic problem), patellar dislocation (dislocation of the patella) and swelling.
Nutrition / Food
The Pyrenean Mountain Dogno tiene ningún problema en su alimentación.
Life expectancy of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog
The Pyrenean Mountain Dog have a very high life expectancy of 12 and sometimes more years relative to its size.
Characteristics "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed"Pyrenean Mountain Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
– FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type. ⓘ
– AKC – Working dogs ⓘ
– ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs) ⓘ
– CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs ⓘ
– KC – Sheepdogs ⓘ
– NZKC – Utility dog ⓘ
– UKC – Watchdog ⓘ
FCI breed standard "Pyrenean Mountain Dog"
FCI - Pyrenean Mountain Dog
1. Great Pyrenees, Patou, Montañés del Pirineo, Perro de Montaña de los Pirineos, Can de Montaña de os Perinés, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Pyr, GP, PMD, Gentle Giant (English).
2. montagne des Pyrénées, pastou, patou (French).
3. Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Patou (German).
4. Chien de Montagne des Pirénées (Portuguese).
5. Gran Pirineo, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Gigante de los Pirineos, Gran Pirineu, Muntanya dels Pirineus, Patou (español).
Once you get to know Leonberger dogs better, you will be enchanted by them forever.
The Leonberger it is a very big and beautiful dog. In his head and in his charisma he remembers a St. Bernard and a lion at the same time. And this is not a coincidence, because the St. Bernard is one of the ancestors of Leonberger. The Leo, as his friends call it, It is a young and at the same time old breed of dog. This breed is ancient, porque ha sido criada específicamente de acuerdo con el estándar desde 1846. The Leo It, therefore, una de las razas de perro más antiguas de la cría moderna. At the same time it is a breed of young dog; because it was only created at that time. La mayoría de los otros perros de pedigrí tienen una larga historia y se originaron de antiguas razas de perros de trabajo.
The Leonberger, However, tiene una historia diferente y única. Among 1820 and 1850 San Bernardo became fashionable throughout Europe. The heroic exploits of the legendary St. Bernard Barry at the Great St. Bernard Pass in the Alps had a great effect. Barry has been shown to save more than 40 people of death by snow. En todas partes la gente quería estos grandes perros y eran (and they are) really big dogs.
Breeders and traders were unable to meet the high demand. At the same time high prices were paid for a puppy of St. Bernard. Así que bastantes traficantes de perros del suroeste de Alemania ayudaron sin más. They mated St. Bernard with very big bitches from the region. Los cachorros que parecían unSt. Bernardse vendían como tal, pero para los demás había como mucho unas cuantas patatas de un granjero. The dog trade was – as it still is today – un negocio lucrativo y algunos vendían cientos de cachorros al año y se hacían ricos.
Like Leonberg City Hall and dog vendor Heinrich Essig. An intelligent idea occurred to him and turned need into virtue. Creó una marca a partir de los cachorros que no podía comercializar comoSt. Bernard. Instead of giving them away, sold the puppies for good money. Así nació elLeonberger. Inspired by the lion from the coat of arms of his hometown, this new breed of dog has the appearance of a lion. His dogs were nicknamed Leonhardiner in the envious competition. También en el mundo oficial de los perros estos híbridos pasaron desapercibidos durante mucho tiempo. Like this, el cinólogo Ludwig Beckmann, universally recognized at that time, ni siquiera menciona al Leonhardiner en su obra en dos volúmenes “The breeds of the dog” (Las razas del perro) of 1895. From the point of view of health, such a genetically heterogeneous offspring is an advantage.
The Leonbergerdebería ser un éxito en todos los aspectos. Hoy en día pertenece a las rocas primitivas del mundo de los perros de raza, que ningún amante de los perros quiere perderse. In 1895 was founded the “International Dog Club Leonberger“, which quickly achieved official recognition of the Leonberger like race. In 1948 followed by “German Dog Club Leonberger” based in Leonberg, que aún representa alLeonberger at VDH and around the world. The Leonbergertiene un carisma único, imposing and at the same time friendly, quiet and just sovereign. Its appearance is reminiscent of a lion and its character is also majestic, pacífico y totalmente adecuado para las familias.
The Leonberger It is an impressive large dog with a height at the withers in males between 72 and 80 cm and in females between 65 and 75 cm.. No weight given. However, will be some 80 kg. The standard describes its appearance as:
“In accordance with its original purpose, the Leonberger it's a very big dog, strong, muscular and elegant at the same time. Se caracteriza por una construcción armoniosa y una calma segura de sí mismo con un temperamento vivo. Especially the male dog is powerful and powerful.”
Its coat should be medium soft to thick, broadly long, well lying. The Leo has a strong inner layer. Las formas de su físico deberían ser reconocibles. On the neck and chest, the fur, especially in males, must form a mane. The coat will be lion yellow, red, reddish brown and all the combinations between them, but always with a black mask. In favor of this lion gaze, hereditary factors related to health and longevity have been neglected.
A study published by the University of Vienna evaluated 7582 layers of Leonberger between 1932 and 2009. “It was determined that the average age of death of the Leonberger It was from 7,55 years”. Durante el período del estudio, la esperanza de vida incluso había disminuido en 1,5 años en las últimas tres décadas. With a healthy upbringing, 10 or 12 años serían normales. La cría ha reconocido estas señales de alarma y ahora se centra más en la salud y la extensión de la esperanza de vida de estos grandes perros.
Character and skills
The mind of a Leonberger is pious as a lamb. Being with him is pure slowdown for man. The essence is described in the standard:
Como perro de la familia, the Leonberger is a pleasant companion in current living conditions, that can be carried everywhere without any difficulty and is characterized by a pronounced kindness towards children. No es ni tímido ni agresivo. Como perro de compañía es un compañero agradable, obedient and fearless in all life situations.
The strength of character required includes above all: confianza en sí mismo, sovereign calm, average temperament (including game instinct), willingness to subordinate, good learning and memorizing ability and noise tolerance. The character of Leonberger impresses all dog lovers.
Once you get to know dogs better Leonberger, you will be enchanted by them forever. There is almost nothing that can disturb this giant. Su muy alto umbral de estímulo así como su compostura estoica son la contrapartida necesaria de su enorme fuerza. Estos dos polos caracterizan así la naturaleza delLeonberger. Aquí y allá es algo terco. Sólo la buena persuasión y la súplica ayudarán, then he will do everything for his master or lady. But as a family member he is very kind. Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. The Leonberger he is a great guy, ¡un perro fascinante!
The Leonberger not an easy dog â€‹â€‹to keep due to its size. By its nature, has very few demands. A daily walk, brushed once a week, that was all. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. He likes to take possession of it. Therefore, un pequeño apartamento en el enésimo piso no sería para él. Does not fit in all cars. One must consider: You're mine, the whole car will get wet. Leo can bear the heat, but it should not be challenged. Prefiere el frío. The Leonberger he is a great friend and not an object for acting addicts.
It should also be borne in mind that in our current society, large dogs are often rejected. Some people just fear a giant like Leo, even if he behaves – as is normal for him – exemplary. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city..
One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet. What's more, debería haber considerado antes de comprar qué hacer si el perro está enfermo y es posible que haya que llevar 80 kg or more. Last, but not less important, there are many practical things that have a profound influence on everyday life. Aquí uno debe hacerse realmente responsable y mirarse honestamente en el espejo si se dan todas las condiciones para una feliz convivencia con los perrosLeonberger. Who can claim this, is in an enviable situation of dog owner. The Leonberger worth a sin.
It must be remembered that in a Leo adult, la correa es sólo un símbolo de control. The Leonberger has the power to control the other end of the strap. But he doesn't want. The Leonberger it's basically easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness.. He wants to follow his lord and master and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Leonberger to pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only this and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this great four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people. The great dog should never be “educated” by blows or barracks methods. Porque eso causaría exactamente lo contrario de la educación y terminaría en un desastre.
Caring for a healthy Leo is not a problem. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.
Nutrition / Food
You need a lot of high quality food. Un bol elevado es útil para contrarrestar el riesgo de torsión estomacal. Always pay attention to the weight.
As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Osteosarcoma, el tumor óseo más común en los perros, también es muy común en elLeonberger.
Leonberge life expectancy
Before the life expectancy of a Leonberger It was from 12 years, today is from 7 a 9 years. La cría está trabajando para recuperar la vida natural posible de un perro sano. Está acompañado aquí por un proyecto de investigación de la Universidad de Medicina Veterinaria de Hannover.
The purchase of a Leo it should be long-term and well thought out. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to be able to spend many wonderful years with this giant.. If you are looking for a puppy, debe asegurarse sobre todo de que los perros no se críen demasiado. Ask about ancestors, their illnesses, his age reached. Debería ver a un criador afiliado al FCILeonberger. Really, a Leonberger it costs about 2.000 EUR.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed"Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Aidi or “atlas dog” It is a breed of dog of Morocco. Traditionally, It has been used by the Berber shepherds of the Atlas as dog. Also stands out for its developed sense of smell.
El Aïdi is recognized as coming from Morocco, probably originating in the desert of the Sahara.
The Aidi it is not a sheepdog, There are no dogs pastors in the Atlas. It is a courageous dog, He has lived and worked in the Atlas of Morocco, Libya and Algeria, to protect its owner and its herd of wild cats, other predators, as well as strangers who crossed their path. A protective dog of the nomadic tribes of the desert, characterized by its high alert and aggressiveness that used to monitor the camp at night.
It is equipped with a great memory, If a person has made an affront, the Aidi will always remember him as an ENEMY!
The Aidi, Historically, It has not been much appreciated by the tribes race, like other races. Always rated the Sloughi race and other races regarded as noble.
However, Moroccans have recently formed a club to protect the purity of the race, that has contributed in many roles in their society, as protector, Hunter, dog Police, y como animal doméstico. Although the Aidi has been used primarily as a working dog, for quite some time already, often used as a hunting dog.
Did you know??
Despite its resemblance to a sheepdog, the Aidi It is not one of them since there are no shepherd dogs from the Atlas.
Physical characteristics “Aidi”
The Aïdi it is robust and powerful, with a body height of 52 a 62 centimeters. He is very muscular, rustic and strong, but it is not heavy. The broad and strong head shows small hanging ears and medium-sized dark eyes., whose colors vary from dark amber to golden brown. The tail must reach at least to the hocks. In rest position hangs relaxed. In motion, the Atlas Shepherd you should carry it cheerfully, but not constantly curled over the back. The thicker and hairier the tail, best.
The Atlas Mountain Dog moves with wide and fairly flat movements. In a small and fast jog he seems tireless. The fur, which is otherwise medium long, is clearly shorter and finer on the face and ears. In the neck and throat form, especially in males, a mane. The colored strokes of the Aidi they are very varied. Often the fawn, brown and black combine in the coat.
Character and skills “Aidi”
Es un animal doméstico (urban) and very good if given tasks and makes enough exercise to be satisfied and happy.
Nothing escapes your watchful eye and you don't hesitate for a second to avoid danger. Guarding and defending the goods entrusted to him is in the blood of Aïdi. Does not know fear and is very efficient in risky situations. In the circle of your family, the awesome Atlas Mountain Dog is loyal, well educated and affectionate. Outside this close circle of family attachment figures, not very sociable.
In France, the independent centre of education is working to train him to accompany and guide the blind.
education and care “Aïdi”
One Aïdi you need a task that you can live with all your guardian passion. The most affectionate social contact with your family should not be neglected. The Aïdi not a herding dog in the sense of European herding dogs. Protecting the herd is much more in line with their innate passion and nature. His education requires calm, patience and tolerance. With the “drill” nothing can be achieved at all with the Aïdi and you can't expect reliable obedience to this breed, extremely, independent.
The care of the coat is however undemanding. Bushy hair, about six centimeters long, protects you like armor when fighting predators and is content with occasional brushing. In its natural form, the coat optimally adapts to extreme weather conditions, from hot to bitter cold. Therefore, you should not cut it in summer under any circumstances.
In some regions it is customary to shorten his ears, but this practice is discouraged by the standard
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Type and recognitions:
Section : . .
– FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type. ⓘ
– UKC – Watchdog ⓘ
FCI breed standard "Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog"
FCI - Aidi – Atlas Mountain Dog
1. Aidi, Aïdi, Atlas Mountain Dog, Atlas Shepherd Dog, Berber Dog (English).
2. Aïdi, Aïdi Atlas (French).
3. Aïdi, Atlas-Berghund (German).
4. Aidi, Cão do atlas (Portuguese).
5. Aidi, Perro pastor del Atlas (español).
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It is a cat with dog skin, sensitive and partner.
The dog Central Asian Shepherd Dog (среднеазиатская овчарка or Sredneaziatskaya Ovtcharka, also known as, Volkodav or The Crusher Wolf) is recognized by the FCI, as a breed of molosser dog Russia, where most of the copies.
Los clubes cinológicos rusos coinciden en que ésta es una de las razas más populares en el país, on many occasions, considerándola la número 1 in the ranking of Russian dog breeds.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It probably originated in a geographical area between the Urals, the Caspian Sea, Asia minor, and the Northwest of the border of China. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, así como mezclas con otras razas, todavía, se pueden encontrar en sus países de origen, as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistán y los países vecinos.
Some serve as guardians of livestock, some protect their owners, and some are used for dog fighting, que es una tradición nacional en muchos países de la región. Científicos y biólogos de Rusia han estudiado la población canina local desde el siglo XVIII, so far.
After the Communist revolution, the Soviet Government focused on the working dog breeds for the Red Army, and imported the best representatives of the race to Russia accordance with the requirements of the army and guard dogs. For decades, This practice has harmed the local population. In addition to a large number of casualties, the introduction of new breeds to the region led to crossbreeding. With the time, purebred dogs were only left with some pastors and race enthusiasts, but in other places there was an excess of crosses.
However, and despite all, hoy en día la población de perros de razaCentral Asian Shepherd Dog remains stable, in general, and the reproduction of some true quality dogs that do honor to his capacity for work has been, independientemente de país de origen.
In Europe, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is relatively unknown, pero en los países de Asia central todavía se utiliza como perro de trabajo y acompaña a los pastores en sus paseos por las estepas.
This breed has many varieties that differ in the size, the color, head types, and the types of fur. For these reasons it is very difficult to establish an official standard of the breed.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog it is a dog of large or medium size, of rough constitution and strong musculature. Its coat is composed of the hard and smooth top layer and the abundant and dense inner layer. The top layer can be short (3 – 5 cm.) or slightly longer (7 – 10 cm.). With a longer top layer forms a distinctive mane around the neck. Due to a well developed undercoat and different lengths of the top coat, dogs adapt well to different weather conditions.
The coat color of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's very diverse: it comes in the colors white, black, grey, red fox, marrón-gris, straw yellow, mackerel, spotted and mottled.
The ears are triangular, low-set and pendulous. The tail is thick at the base and set quite high. The natural tail is long and is carried like a sickle tail. El corte de cola y orejas se sigue practicando en los países de origen.
Aunque existen características únicas de la raza pura sangre de perroCentral Asian Shepherd Dog, such as being extremely flexible, This is very notable in their joints, have false ribs, the very strong neck and a large Chin.
Some have a black mask. The head is very solid, the neck is of low insertion, short, with double chin. El cuerpo es bastante amplio y proporcionado con músculos bien planos. The ribcage appears very long, because they have their famous false ribs. The legs are straight, el movimiento típico es un galope.
He has expressive eyes, almost human, revealing his inimitable intelligence.
According to the qualities of work required by the owners, the modern Pastor of Central Asia has been raised in different directions, intentando destacar habilidades específicas. Within the traditional area of origin of these canes, the dog fights were always, but they were never so cruel and destructive as the fights of type Pit Bull Terrier.
Todos los años los pastores de la zona se reunían para organizar luchas de perro Pastor de Asia Central, pero a diferencia de las sangrientas y despiadadas luchas de las cuáles acostumbramos a oír noticias, en este caso luchaban por la tutoría de un rebaño, and the winner was the dog that eventually, se hacía con el mando del mismo. Se trataba de ‘dominación’ en lugar de destruirse entre propia especie.
Los perros rara vez resultaban heridos entre sí, se causaban rasguños menores en la mayoría de los casos. Sólo los verdaderos líderes, In fact, se medías a través de una lucha real, pero eso no era lo más común. The primary task of these dogs has always been the defence of the flock to the attacks of various predators and venomous snakes.
The height at the cross 60 a 65 cm.. And weigh in 37 a 50 kg.
Character and skills
In the news, rural people continue to demand and use the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like cattle watchdog, Although not as well as old.
These dogs, to varying degrees, are protectors against human intruders, they are very territorial, excellent with children, shall ensure them as if were his flock were. El amor y el respeto a las personas mayores son algunas de sus características, to protect all small animals from predators, they are very kind and attached with the members of the family.
No necesitan ningún entrenamiento complicado para aprender las reglas básicas de la casa pero son perros un poco testarudos y muy independientes, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog It must be able to work as a team to protect sheep against predators, therefore, If the animal has an overly aggressive character, both other dogs as with people outside the family, they cannot be members of a Pack, y no pasaría la prueba simple para el cumplimiento del objeto origen de la raza.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dogpuede venir de las líneas de creación que imprimen un carácter muy diferente: of work, combat, and livestock guardian, and act accordingly, independientemente del país de procedencia.
Según los diferentes clubes caninos la clasificación dentro de los grupos varía, the Russia Kennel Club classifies the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like a working dog, that is reflected in the exceptional results in obedience, protection and training relating to the army.
Modern reproduction of the main Canine Clubs of Russia requirements, require to register copies of Central Asian Shepherd Doguna prueba de temperamento obligatoria y un título de formación acreditado, Besides show rating. In these tests the ability of the dog stands for fit and adapt to dog guardians shepherds of other flocks, not be cause for conflict between dogs. The FCI classifies Central Asian Shepherd Dog in the group of dogs Molossoid.
While it is a good dog to live, We must not forget that the Pastor of Central Asia is a livestock protection dog, people and possessions, He was raised to solve single problems, is independent-minded, strong, brave and responsible.
It is a large but agile dog, sometimes described as a cat with dog skin, for that reason, and taking into account his strong instinct for protection and territoriality, It may not be a recommended breed for a novice owner.
Sensitive and Intelligent, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog You will respond better to someone who can inspire loyalty in you as well as strong leadership..
Heavy-handed training will be counterproductive with this breed, but respectful training, reflexive will result in a dedicated and inseparable companion.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog he spent a considerable amount of time moving around in his homeland, and this kind of slow but steady exercise is what he likes more.
With a work to be done and a piece of property to protect, is the highest point of happiness and will always keep an eye on everything that happens.
Central Asian Shepherd Dog Health
the breed is still considered very healthy and extremely robust. Los propietarios no deben temer a las enfermedades típicas de la raza. However, from time to time, like in all big dogs, joint problems occur, especially on the knees.
Central Asian Shepherd Nutrition
Although many joint diseases are inherited, los síntomas a menudo pueden prevenirse o al menos aliviarse con la ayuda de una dieta y una postura adecuadas. Particularly in the growth phase of dogs, care must be taken that animals do not shoot too fast. El crecimiento demasiado rápido debido a una ingesta excesiva de proteínas en los meses de crecimiento se considera una de las causas más comunes de enfermedades articulares posteriores. Además de un alimento bastante bajo en proteínas, que se da en pequeñas cantidades unas tres o cuatro veces al día, los perros jóvenes también deben ser preservados físicamente durante esta fase. Stairs or long walks should be avoided..
Meat as the main component of food
When the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is fully developed, el contenido de proteínas del alimento puede ser aumentado nuevamente. The main component of dog food should be – like in all dogs – high quality meat. It can be cooked or raw or, if industrially produced food mixtures are used, puede presentarse en forma seca o húmeda. Regardless of the feeding method preferred by the respective owner, it is important that the content and composition of the food is adapted to the needs of the dog. Según la edad, sex, size, activity level and living environment, the composition of the necessary nutrients can vary considerably. There is no correct food for Central Asian Shepherd Dog.
¿Cuánta comida necesita elCentral Asian Shepherd Dog?
Nor can the question of the amount of food for all dogs of this breed be answered in general. If the composition of the food is correct, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog can cope with surprisingly small portions. Therefore, dos comidas al día suelen ser suficientes para un perro adulto, which should be given at fixed times if possible. Portions too large, too many “sandwiches” between meals and lack of rest after feeding can increase the risk of stomach torsion.
Central Asian Shepherd Dog care
Like nomadic dog, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's quite undemanding, this applies not only to the size of your food portions, but also in your care. Short to medium length coat proves to be very resistant and requires little grooming. However, should be brushed regularly to remove dirt and maintain healthy hair structure. The claws should also be trimmed to avoid injury and teeth, oídos y ojos deben ser revisados y limpiados regularmente.
Central Asian Shepherd Dog Education
The purchase of a Central Asian Shepherd Dog must be well considered – although this applies to all breeds of dogs, it is especially true for this breed from Central Asia. It is not a family dog â€‹â€‹in the classical sense nor is it suitable for a city life. This freedom-loving and independent dog finds it difficult to cope with living conditions in European industrial nations.
¿Para quién es adecuada esta raza?
In the hands of livestock keepers and keepers who live in remote and isolated places, este perro protector de la manada está todavía en las mejores manos. Also people who live far from the city, own a large lot and wish to have a capable watchdog, can be considered as owners of this Central Asian Shepherd Dog. However, la experiencia y ciertos conocimientos en el adiestramiento de perros deberían ser requisitos previos para mantener a esta raza. What's more, an owner needs above all time and patience, porque la socialización y la educación de este amigo de cuatro patas seguro de sí mismo, who doesn't think much about blind obedience, It is hard work. How Central Asian dogs tend to dominate, necesitan un adiestrador que les fije límites constantemente y que les muestre con la empatía necesaria (not to be confused with willingness to compromise) that it is worth trusting and following your human.
¿Puede tener éxito una convivencia armoniosa?
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog certainly not a family dog â€‹â€‹in the classical sense, por lo que su mantenimiento como puro perro de casa y de compañía es absolutamente desaconsejable. This does not mean that a Owtscharka can't live together with humans. In a family that appreciates its natural instinct for vigilance and protection and gives it its original task of guarding the house, the yard and the cattle, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is quite adaptable and human-oriented. A basic socialization, that is to say, early contact with other people and animals, is as important to harmonious coexistence as sufficient opportunities for running and consistent parenting.
– FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type. ⓘ
– AKC – FSS ⓘ
– ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs) ⓘ
– NZKC – Utility dog ⓘ
– UKC – Watchdog ⓘ
FCI breed standard "Central Asian Shepherd Dog"
FCI - Central Asian Shepherd Dog
1. Alabai, Central Asian Ovtcharka, CAO Aziat (English).
2. Chien de berger d’Asie centrale (French).
3. Zentralasiatischer Owtscharka (German).
4. Türkmen Alabaý, mastim-da-ásia-central (Portuguese).
5. Perro Pastor de Asia Central (español).
The Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog It is a very sensitive and quiet dog.
The Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog, also called Tornjak, it is an ancient breed of dog, and its exact origin is lost in the meanders of history. La mayoría de los especialistas coinciden en que es uno de los descendientes delTibetan Mastiff (Do-Khy), that arrived in Europe several thousand years ago.
Algunos relatos sugieren que ya existía en los Alpes Dináricos (in present-day Bosnia) at the time of the Roman Empire, almost ago 2000 years. However, the first descriptions of a dog corresponding to the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog can be found in documents of the Bosnian Catholic Church dating from 1067.
Three centuries later, in 1374, Petar Horvat, then bishop of Dakovo, Croatia, también describió un perro que se parecía alBosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog in all aspects, size, color and function. At that time it was called Canis Montanis (“mountain dog”) and I was already working with the shepherds, leading flocks of sheep in the mountain pastures and, above all, protecting them from the attacks of wolves.
The name Tornjak first appeared in 1752 in the writings of Father Petar Lukic, member of the Dakovo Catholic Church. It is said to derive from the Croatian word “Tor”, que podría traducirse como “flock of sheep”.
This dog was found mainly in present-day Bosnian territory, and to a lesser extent in Croatia. Las primeras referencias científicas sobre él se remontan a principios del siglo XX, and more precisely to 1905, when Austrian dog fan Franz Laska accurately identified a mountain dog seen in Bosnia, call Tornjak by the locals. However, the Tornjak remained confined to the mountains for a long time. It even declined sharply in the following decades as lifestyles changed and grazing decreased.. Its population grew from several thousand in the nineteenth century to just under a hundred in the decades of 1960 and 1970, when a few Croatian and Bosnian enthusiasts conducted a census to preserve the breed.
Si la mayoría de los especímenes identificados entonces venían de Bosnia, fue en Croacia donde se estableció un programa de cría a finales de los 80. In 1979, in Zagreb (Croatia), the Yugoslavia Canine Association officially recognized the breed, and in 1982 nació la primera camada con un pedigrí completo como resultado de este programa de cría. Despite this almost rebirth, the Tornjak he was not at the end of his problems, since the explosion of Yugoslavia in 1991 and the civil war that followed caused him many difficulties.
The new Croatian Canine Association decided to identify a breed Tornjak croata, while his counterpart in Bosnia-Herzegovina spoke of the Tornjak bosnio. Although these dogs were in all respects the same, el hecho de que se consideraran dos razas separadas les impedía criarse entre sí, for example.
Was not up 2003 that the two organizations unified their standards under the name of Tornjak. In 2007, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) provisionally recognized the Tornjak, that took the name of Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog. At that moment, there was 1800 especímenes registrados en Croacia, and 2700 in Bosnia.
After this recognition, la raza comenzó tímidamente a hacerse un nombre fuera de los países de la antigua Yugoslavia. El American United Kennel Club (UKC) accepted it in 2011, while the American Kennel Club (AKC), la otra organización de referencia en el país, included it in 2012 in his Foundation Stock Service (FSS), a preliminary step before full recognition, lo que aún no se ha producido hasta la fecha. The first specimens arrived in Great Britain in 2013, and steps were taken to gain recognition from the prestigious and influential Kennel Club (KC), the reference body of the country. Aún no han tenido éxito. in Canada, the Canadian Kennel Club (KC) does not recognize the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog. However, year 2017 marked its final acceptance by the CFI.
Very popular in his home region, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Doglucha por ganarse a su público más allá de su región natal. It is extremely rare in North America, y tampoco es muy común en Europa Occidental. In France, He came in 2010. At the end of this decade, había en promedio unas cincuenta inscripciones por año en elLivre des Origines Français (LOF).
Great and powerful, the Tornjaks retain above-average agility and flexibility for a mountain dog.
They have an almost square shape, with strong bones that are not heavy, giving them a harmonious overall appearance. The tail is long, very mobile and bushy. When falling to rest, rises well above the level of the back when in action, lo cual es poco común en los perros de montaña. Legs are powerful, parallel and raised.
The head is elongated, with a slight stop. The muzzle is rectangular and ends in a dark nose with wide nostrils.. The eyes are also dark and almond-shaped. The ears, triangular and hairy, stand tall and fall along the cheeks.
The undercoat is dense and thick, with a woolly texture in winter. La capa superior rígida es larga en todo el cuerpo, except on the face and front of the legs. It is particularly abundant on the neck, forming a mane that protects it from predator bites.
The Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog and the Croatian Sheepdog are the ones that most often have a particular color, although there are white subjects, with only a few small spots of color. El blanco es el color de fondo más común, with markings of various colors: black, brown, cervato… More rarely, some individuals have a black coat stained with white.
Last, sexual dimorphism is well marked in this breed: the female is not only smaller on average by about 5 cm., but also less massive.
Character and skills
The Tornjak he is surprisingly outgoing and caring for a shepherd who has worked for centuries in the mountains. He likes to spend time with his family, and is willing to play with older and smaller animals. In fact, he is a dog that adores children, and can spend hours entertaining them – The opposite also is true. However, due to its size and power, podría fácilmente empujar sin querer a un niño pequeño, so it is better if you are already a certain age, especially since then he is more likely to learn to behave with an animal and to respect it. In any case, a young child should never be left alone with a dog, regardless of race.
Su apego a la familia con la que creció también significa que difícilmente puede acostumbrarse a la vida en un nuevo hogar si los peligros de la vida significan que tiene que cambiar de dueño. You are likely to have the greatest difficulty recovering from abandonment.
Además de su gran cercanía a sus cuidadores, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog he's also surprisingly personable with strangers. It barks when they approach and perfectly fulfills its guardian mission, but do not hesitate to go greet them and accept some caresses once their carer has validated their arrival.
However, sería un error olvidar que su función principal es proteger a su rebaño. Under his cheerful and friendly airs, hides boundless courage and amazing strength. However, is not aggressive and is content to bark when a threat approaches. But if the threat becomes clearer and your family is in danger, does not hesitate to force its non-aggressive nature and take action; few things can stop it. What's more, una persona malintencionada no tendría ninguna posibilidad de persuadirlo y corromperlo con dulces y caricias, because he is infallibly loyal.
His sociability is also expressed against his peers, to the point that you can generally share your home perfectly with one or more dogs. What's more, has no predatory instinct, so it does not see cats or rodents as prey, and therefore is not inclined to chase them. However, the difference in size means that cohabitation can sometimes be dangerous. In practice, if there are small animals in the house, it's better for him Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog live outside.
Esto no sería para desagradarle. In fact, used to large spaces, not really made for indoor living. No necesita hacer muchos ejercicios intensivos todos los días, but must be able to move at any time, so it is not at all suited to apartment living, aunque su amo lo saque más de una hora al día. Necesita un gran jardín cerrado, where I can patrol, run, to play…
If it can be easily installed outdoors it is because, like any mountain dog, is independent and tolerates loneliness well. Puede quedarse fácilmente en casa mientras sus dueños están fuera durante el día, and does not suffer from separation anxiety if this absence lasts for a weekend. However, bajo ninguna circunstancia debe dejarse constantemente solo en el jardín durante todo el día. You need to spend time with your family, and two or three daily walks of at least half an hour each are ideal.
Los juegos y las actividades deportivas son también excelentes maneras de mantener el vínculo con él, mientras se le estimula física y mentalmente. With an excellent memory that allows you to easily assimilate tricks and commands, has the potential to shine in dog sports like flyball, obedience or agility.
However, no se puede empezar demasiado pronto con actividades físicamente exigentes. In effect, given its size, when is a puppy, you experience growth spurts during which you need to slow down your burning, or at least avoid any overly intense strain on your joints and skeleton. Otherwise, there is a real risk of injury (sometimes with lifelong sequelae) or malformations.
If you live in a residential area, es mejor que la valla que rodea el jardín sea sólida, to avoid accidents. In the same way, walks in parks and relatively crowded places should always be done on a leash, so you can hold back if you sense a threat. On the other hand, in an environment where encounters are rare (for example, in the mountains), can be free, If and when, of course, has assimilated the withdrawal orders.
Finally, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog has a serious and powerful bark that can be heard from a distance. Can be heard from a distance, and is also heard when approaching a stranger or when you perceive a suspicious noise. This is reassuring and enjoyable when living in an isolated area., but can quickly cause neighborhood problems in a residential neighborhood.
Like all dogs, the Tornjak should be socialized as soon as you get to your new home. Give you the opportunity to meet all kinds of people, animals and situations during your first months helps you become familiar with the unknown, and to avoid being surprised or even reacting badly as an adult. Therefore, you should not hesitate to take any opportunity to meet the neighbors, friends, dealers, the vet… but also other animals, be it dogs, cats, rodents, horses, cows… También debe enfrentarse a situaciones a las que aún no está acostumbrado, especially the ones you will have to deal with regularly afterwards: travel by car, walk around the city, go out in a hectic environment…
What's more, given its size, it is advisable to accustom it from an early age to being handled obediently. Cepillarse, bathing or even clipping the claws can turn into moments of complicity with your caregiver, instead of being dreaded tests each time by both protagonists. In any case, trying to groom or bathe a dog 50 kg not accommodated can quickly become an adventure…
Although they have the independent character of herding dogs, to the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog they like to please their owners. What's more, as his intelligence and memory are admirable, a caregiver who combines patience and know-how can go a long way in your education, even teaching them many tricks. However, aunque es más fácil de manejar que la mayoría de las razas de montaña, this does not make him a recommended dog for a novice sitter. However, puede ser una opción interesante para una persona con un poco de experiencia que quiera enfrentarse al desafío de un gran perro independiente.
In any case, traditional training methods should not be used with the Tornjak, as they only reinforce their independent side instead of developing their potential. On the other hand, positive reinforcement, with the help of caresses, golosinas y estímulos, motivates you to want to learn more and more and allows you beautiful moments of complicity.
The assimilation of memory is of particular importance: given its size, es mejor para un perro así obedecer al dedo y al ojo cuando su cuidador le pide que deje de tirar de la correa o que vuelva a él. This is the essential condition so that you can enjoy nature with total freedom, without being put on a leash.
On the other hand, protection of the pack is instinctive in the Tornjak: realmente no necesita ningún entrenamiento para desempeñar este papel perfectamente.
The Tornjak it is an extremely robust breed of dog, with a life expectancy much higher than the average of dogs of its size, to the point that some specimens reach the 15 years of age.
The thick, woolly coat of the Tornjakayuda a protegerlo del frío y del mal tiempo, así como de los rayos del sol. It is clearly a dog made to live outdoors, who is not afraid of low temperatures as long as he has a place to take refuge. On the other hand, when the mercury rises and the heat wave sets in, it is better to limit your activities and make sure you have the opportunity to rest in a shady place.
Although they are generally healthy, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog they are not exempt from certain problems, especially those that affect larger dog breeds. They are predisposed to ...:
Hip and elbow dysplasia, problemas articulares cuyos orígenes pueden ser hereditarios y que causan dificultades locomotoras más o menos graves;
gastric dilation-torsion, which often follows too rapid ingestion of large amounts of food, and it's fatal if a vet doesn't intervene quickly;
Intolerancia a las proteínas, what can take, among other things, to a deterioration of the coat.
Other diseases have been reported occasionally in some subjects, but they are still exceptionally rare. These include anemia or von Willebrand disease, a hereditary condition.
To limit the risk of having a puppy with a hereditary and / or congenital problem, nothing better than adopting from a breeder Tornjak serious and responsible. In particular, the professional must present an updated health or vaccination record, that allows to verify the vaccines received by the animal, así como un certificado de buena salud firmado por un veterinario. However, the professional should also be asked to provide the results of the genetic tests performed to both the parents and the child.
What's more, las orejas caídas delTornjak can quickly become nests of infection if not cleaned weekly.
What's more, how you spend most of your time outdoors, their fur is likely a breeding ground for parasites: aún más que con la mayoría de lostornjaks, it is imperative to be rigorous in the administration of regular pest control treatments to avoid this type of inconvenience.
Last, the fact that he is generally in good health does not exempt him from wearing it regularly (at least every year) to a routine check-up at the vet, just to keep it healthy. Esto no sólo asegura que esté al día con sus vacunas, it also allows early detection of any health problems.
The Tornjak rarely poses problems regarding your health, but its maintenance requires some effort.
First of all, its thick coat needs to be brushed once or twice a week to avoid knots and remove dirt, y su tamaño significa que esta tarea lleva algún tiempo.
Durante sus períodos anuales de muda en la primavera y el otoño, a lot of undercoat is shed, and brushing should then become a daily routine to deal with the large amount of dead hair.
Brushing is also an opportunity to inspect your skin and make sure it is not injured., Court, sore or irritation. Spending most of the time outdoors, está más expuesto a este tipo de problemas que un congénere que vive en un apartamento y sólo sale media hora cada día.
In any case, if grooming is done regularly, can remove a large part of the dirt from their fur, keeping it relatively clean and odorless. Therefore, it is not necessary to bathe your dog often. Unless, of course, got particularly dirty, you can be content with doing it twice a year, at the time of the move. Es necesario usar un champú suave diseñado específicamente para perros cada vez.
On the other hand, como con cualquier perro con orejas caídas, special care is required to prevent dirt from building up and causing infection. Therefore, at least once a week, brushing his coat should be followed by cleaning his ears with a clean cloth.
You should also take the opportunity to check your eyes and clean them, to limit the risk of eye infection, although, a diferencia de los oídos, are not particularly susceptible to it.
To end the beauty maintenance session, a teeth cleaning is de rigueur. ItÂ´s, in effect, the best way to effectively protect them against dental plaque formation, cavities and other problems at this level. Lo ideal sería que se hiciera a diario. No matter how often you do it, always use a toothpaste specially designed for dogs.
It may also be necessary to trim your dog's claws from time to time. Even if your dog lives outdoors, natural wear and tear is not always enough to file its strong claws. If you hear them hitting the ground when you walk, se han hecho demasiado largos y podrían herirlo o romperse: it's time to cut them with a special tool.
Aunque todas estas operaciones no requieren ningún conocimiento particular, it is better to learn to do them correctly, especially to avoid hurting or even injuring your partner. Puede ser útil la primera vez contar con la ayuda de un veterinario o un peluquero profesional para aprender los gestos correctos a realizar.
For sale “Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog”
The price of a puppy Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog is of some 1000 EUR, but it's a mean: el precio de venta varía según el prestigio de la cría, the ancestry of the animal, pero también y sobre todo sus características. On the other hand, no hay una gran diferencia según el sexo: males and females are generally priced similarly.
Having said that, the Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dogsigue siendo difícil de encontrar fuera de los países de la antigua Yugoslavia. Therefore, it may be wise to turn to a Croatian breeder, Slovenian, Bosnian or Serbian to find the right one. The sale price will not necessarily be much cheaper, but then import costs must be added to the budget, registration and transportation.
It is possible to find hatcheries in the United States, pero también sigue siendo muy raro allí.
Characteristics "Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bosnian and Herzegovinian - Croatian Shepherd Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.