The dog Pastor of Central Asia (СРЕДНЕАЗИАТСКАЯ ОВЧАРКА or Sredneaziatskaya Ovtcharka, also known as, Volkodav or The Crusher Wolf) is recognized by the FCI, as a breed of molosser dog Russia, where most of the copies.
The Russian cinológicos clubs agree that this is one of the most popular in the country races, on many occasions, considering it the number 1 in the ranking of Russian dog breeds.
The Pastor of Central Asia It probably originated in a geographical area between the Urals, the Caspian Sea, Asia minor, and the Northwest of the border of China. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, as well as mixing with other races, yet, can be found in their countries of origin, as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and neighbouring countries.
Some serve as guardians of livestock, some protect their owners, and some are used for dog fighting, It is a national tradition in many countries of the region. Russia biologists and scientists have studied the local canine population since the 18th century, so far.
After the Communist revolution, the Soviet Government focused on the working dog breeds for the Red Army, and imported the best representatives of the race to Russia accordance with the requirements of the army and guard dogs. For decades, This practice has harmed the local population. In addition to a large number of casualties, the introduction of new breeds to the region led to crossbreeding. With the time, purebred dogs were only left with some pastors and race enthusiasts, but in other places there was an excess of crosses.
However, and despite all, Today the population of dogs Pastor of Central Asia remains stable, in general, and the reproduction of some true quality dogs that do honor to his capacity for work has been, regardless of country of origin.
This breed has many varieties that differ in the size, the color, head types, and the types of fur. For these reasons it is very difficult to establish an official standard of the breed.
Although there are unique features of the purebred dog of Central Asian blood, such as being extremely flexible, This is very notable in their joints, have false ribs, the very strong neck and a large Chin .
He has expressive eyes, almost human, revealing his inimitable intelligence.
According to the qualities of work required by the owners, the modern Pastor of Central Asia has been raised in different directions, trying to highlight specific skills. Within the traditional area of origin of these canes, the dog fights were always, but they were never so cruel and destructive as the fights of type Pit Bull Terrier.
Every year the shepherds in the area met to organize Central Asian shepherd dog fights, But unlike the bloody and ruthless struggles of which we are used to hear news, in this case they were fighting for the tutelage of a herd, and the winner was the dog that eventually, was done with the command of the same. It was 'domination' rather than destroying between own species.
Dogs rarely were injured each other, it caused scratches less in most cases. Only true leaders, In fact, You medías a real fight, but that was not the most common. The primary task of these dogs has always been the defence of the flock to the attacks of various predators and venomous snakes.
The height at the cross 60 to 65 cm.. And weigh in 37 to 50 kg.
It is a robust dog more than size medium with great strength and power. They are independent, curious and awake, but the unflappable.
It has short or moderately long fur. Their ears tend to be cut, very short are, in practice, clipped short except for dogs that live in countries where the practice is illegal. The tail is moderately long. The most common fur colors are black/white, Fawn with nuances, almost white to dark red and striped.
Some have a black mask. The head is very solid, the neck is of low insertion, short, with double chin. The body is quite comprehensive and provided with good flat muscles. The ribcage appears very long, because they have their famous false ribs. The legs are straight, the typical movement is a gallop.
Character and skills
In the news, people from the countryside is still demanding and using the pastor of Central Asia as a livestock guardian dog, Although not as well as old.
These dogs, to varying degrees, are protectors against human intruders, they are very territorial, excellent with children, shall ensure them as if were his flock were. The love and respect for the elderly are some of its features, to protect all small animals from predators, they are very kind and attached with the members of the family.
They do not need any complicated training to learn the basic rules of the House but they are very independent and a little stubborn dogs, the Pastor of Central Asia It must be able to work as a team to protect sheep against predators, therefore, If the animal has an overly aggressive character, both other dogs as with people outside the family, they cannot be members of a Pack, and it would not be the simple test for compliance with the object of the race.
The Pastor of Central Asia can come from creating lines that print a very different character: Working, combat, and livestock guardian, and act accordingly, regardless of the country of origin.
According to the different canine clubs classification groups varies, the Russia Kennel Club It is classified to the Pastor of Central Asia as a working dog, that is reflected in the exceptional results in obedience, protection and training relating to the army.
Modern reproduction of the main Canine Clubs of Russia requirements, they require to register dogs to Pastor of Central Asia a mandatory temperament test and an accredited training title, Besides show rating. In these tests the ability of the dog stands for fit and adapt to dog guardians shepherds of other flocks, not be cause for conflict between dogs. The FCI classifies the Pastor of Central Asia into dogs broadcast group.
While it is a good dog to live, We must not forget that the Pastor of Central Asia is a livestock protection dog, people and possessions, He was raised to solve single problems, is independent-minded, strong, brave and responsible.
It is a large but agile dog, sometimes described as a cat with dog skin, for that reason, and taking into account his strong instinct for protection and territoriality, It may not be a recommended breed for a novice owner.
Sensitive and Intelligent, the Pastor of Central Asia will respond better to someone that can inspire loyalty at the same time as strong leadership.
Heavy-handed training will be counterproductive with this breed, but respectful training, reflexive will result in a dedicated and inseparable companion.
The Pastor of Central Asia spent a considerable amount of time moving in his homeland., and this kind of slow but steady exercise is what he likes more.
With a work to be done and a piece of property to protect, is the highest point of happiness and will always keep an eye on everything that happens.
- Otros nombres: Среднеазиатская овчарка / Sredneaziatskaya Ovtcharka / Central Asian Ovtcharka / CAO / Aziat / Central Asian Shepherd Dog / Alabai.
- Group 2 / Section 2 – Molosoides and mountain dogs.
Dogs breeds: Pastor of Central Asia