The dog Central Asian Shepherd Dog (среднеазиатская овчарка or Sredneaziatskaya Ovtcharka, also known as, Volkodav or The Crusher Wolf) is recognized by the FCI, as a breed of molosser dog Russia, where most of the copies.
Russian cynological clubs agree that this is one of the most popular breeds in the country, on many occasions, considering it the number 1 in the ranking of Russian dog breeds.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It probably originated in a geographical area between the Urals, the Caspian Sea, Asia minor, and the Northwest of the border of China. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, as well as mixtures with other breeds, yet, can be found in their countries of origin, as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and neighboring countries.
Some serve as guardians of livestock, some protect their owners, and some are used for dog fighting, which is a national tradition in many countries of the region. Russian scientists and biologists have studied the local dog population since the 18th century., so far.
After the Communist revolution, the Soviet Government focused on the working dog breeds for the Red Army, and imported the best representatives of the race to Russia accordance with the requirements of the army and guard dogs. For decades, This practice has harmed the local population. In addition to a large number of casualties, the introduction of new breeds to the region led to crossbreeding. With the time, purebred dogs were only left with some pastors and race enthusiasts, but in other places there was an excess of crosses.
But, and despite all, today the population of purebred dogs Central Asian Shepherd Dog remains stable, in general, and the reproduction of some true quality dogs that do honor to his capacity for work has been, regardless of country of origin.
In Europe, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is relatively unknown, but in the countries of Central Asia it is still used as a working dog and accompanies shepherds on their walks through the steppes.
This breed has many varieties that differ in the size, the color, head types, and the types of fur. For these reasons it is very difficult to establish an official standard of the breed.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog it is a dog of large or medium size, of rough constitution and strong musculature. Its coat is composed of the hard and smooth top layer and the abundant and dense inner layer. The top layer can be short (3 – 5 cm.) or slightly longer (7 – 10 cm.). With a longer top layer forms a distinctive mane around the neck. Due to a well developed undercoat and different lengths of the top coat, dogs adapt well to different weather conditions.
The coat color of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's very diverse: it comes in the colors white, black, grey, red fox, Brown grey, straw yellow, mackerel, spotted and mottled.
The ears are triangular, low-set and pendulous. The tail is thick at the base and set quite high. The natural tail is long and is carried like a sickle tail. Tail and ear docking is still practiced in the countries of origin.
Although there are unique characteristics of the purebred breed of dog Central Asian Shepherd Dog, such as being extremely flexible, This is very notable in their joints, have false ribs, the very strong neck and a large Chin.
Some have a black mask. The head is very solid, the neck is of low insertion, short, with double chin. The body is quite broad and proportionate with very flat muscles.. The ribcage appears very long, because they have their famous false ribs. The legs are straight, typical movement is a gallop.
He has expressive eyes, almost human, revealing his inimitable intelligence.
According to the qualities of work required by the owners, the modern Pastor of Central Asia has been raised in different directions, trying to highlight specific skills. Within the traditional area of origin of these canes, the dog fights were always, but they were never so cruel and destructive as the fights of type Pit Bull Terrier.
Every year the shepherds of the area would gather to organize dog fights Central Asian Shepherd, but unlike the bloody and ruthless fights of which we are used to hearing news, in this case they were fighting for the guardianship of a herd, and the winner was the dog that eventually, it was done with the control of it. It was about 'domination' instead of destroying each other's own kind.
Dogs rarely hurt each other, minor scratches were caused in most cases. only true leaders, In fact, you measured through a real fight, but that was not the most common. The primary task of these dogs has always been the defence of the flock to the attacks of various predators and venomous snakes.
The height at the cross 60 to 65 cm.. And weigh in 37 to 50 kg.
Character and skills
In the news, rural people continue to demand and use the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like cattle watchdog, Although not as well as old.
These dogs, to varying degrees, are protectors against human intruders, they are very territorial, excellent with children, shall ensure them as if were his flock were. Love and respect for older people are some of its characteristics, to protect all small animals from predators, they are very kind and attached with the members of the family.
They do not need any complicated training to learn the basic rules of the house but they are quite stubborn and very independent dogs., the Central Asian Shepherd Dog It must be able to work as a team to protect sheep against predators, therefore, If the animal has an overly aggressive character, both other dogs as with people outside the family, they cannot be members of a Pack, and it would not pass the simple test for the fulfillment of the object origin of the race.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog can come from build lines which print a very different character: of work, combat, and livestock guardian, and act accordingly, regardless of the country of origin.
According to the different kennel clubs, the classification within the groups varies, The Russian Kennel Club classifies the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like a working dog, that is reflected in the exceptional results in obedience, protection and training relating to the army.
Modern reproduction of the main Canine Clubs of Russia requirements, require to register copies of Central Asian Shepherd Dog a mandatory temperament test and an accredited training certificate, Besides show rating. In these tests the ability of the dog stands for fit and adapt to dog guardians shepherds of other flocks, not be cause for conflict between dogs. The FCI classifies Central Asian Shepherd Dog in the group of dogs Molossoid.
While it is a good dog to live, We must not forget that the Pastor of Central Asia is a livestock protection dog, people and possessions, He was raised to solve single problems, is independent-minded, strong, brave and responsible.
It is a large but agile dog, sometimes described as a cat with dog skin, for that reason, and taking into account his strong instinct for protection and territoriality, It may not be a recommended breed for a novice owner.
Sensitive and Intelligent, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog You will respond better to someone who can inspire loyalty in you as well as strong leadership..
Heavy-handed training will be counterproductive with this breed, but respectful training, reflexive will result in a dedicated and inseparable companion.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog he spent a considerable amount of time moving around in his homeland, and this kind of slow but steady exercise is what he likes more.
With a work to be done and a piece of property to protect, is the highest point of happiness and will always keep an eye on everything that happens.
Central Asian Shepherd Dog Health
the breed is still considered very healthy and extremely robust. Owners should not fear the typical diseases of the breed. But, from time to time, like in all big dogs, joint problems occur, especially on the knees.
Central Asian Shepherd Nutrition
Although many joint diseases are inherited, symptoms can often be prevented or at least relieved with the help of proper diet and posture. Particularly in the growth phase of dogs, care must be taken that animals do not shoot too fast. Too rapid growth due to excessive protein intake in the growing months is considered one of the most common causes of later joint diseases. In addition to a fairly low protein food, given in small amounts about three or four times a day, young dogs should also be physically preserved during this phase. Stairs or long walks should be avoided..
Meat as the main component of food
When the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is fully developed, the protein content of the feed can be increased again. The main component of dog food should be – like in all dogs – high quality meat. It can be cooked or raw or, if industrially produced food mixtures are used, can be dry or wet. Regardless of the feeding method preferred by the respective owner, it is important that the content and composition of the food is adapted to the needs of the dog. According to age, sex, size, activity level and living environment, the composition of the necessary nutrients can vary considerably. There is no correct food for Central Asian Shepherd Dog.
How much food does he need? Central Asian Shepherd Dog?
Nor can the question of the amount of food for all dogs of this breed be answered in general. If the composition of the food is correct, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog can cope with surprisingly small portions. So, two meals a day are usually enough for an adult dog, which should be given at fixed times if possible. Portions too large, too many "snacks" between meals and not resting after feeding can increase the risk of stomach torsion.
Central Asian Shepherd Dog care
Like nomadic dog, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's quite undemanding, this applies not only to the size of your food portions, but also in your care. Short to medium length coat proves to be very resistant and requires little grooming. But, should be brushed regularly to remove dirt and maintain healthy hair structure. The claws should also be trimmed to avoid injury and teeth, ears and eyes should be checked and cleaned regularly.
Central Asian Shepherd Dog Education
The purchase of a Central Asian Shepherd Dog must be well considered – although this applies to all breeds of dogs, it is especially true for this breed from Central Asia. It is not a family dog â€‹â€‹in the classical sense nor is it suitable for a city life. This freedom-loving and independent dog finds it difficult to cope with living conditions in European industrial nations.
Who is this breed suitable for?
In the hands of livestock keepers and keepers who live in remote and isolated places, this protective dog of the pack is still in the best hands. Also people who live far from the city, own a large lot and wish to have a capable watchdog, can be considered as owners of this Central Asian Shepherd Dog. But, experience and some knowledge in dog training should be prerequisites to keep this breed. It also, an owner needs above all time and patience, because the socialization and education of this self-confident four-legged friend, who doesn't think much about blind obedience, It is hard work. How Central Asian dogs tend to dominate, they need a trainer who constantly sets limits for them and who shows them with the necessary empathy (not to be confused with willingness to compromise) that it is worth trusting and following your human.
Can a harmonious coexistence succeed?
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog certainly not a family dog â€‹â€‹in the classical sense, so its maintenance as a pure house and companion dog is absolutely inadvisable. This does not mean that a Owtscharka can't live together with humans. In a family that appreciates its natural instinct for vigilance and protection and gives it its original task of guarding the house, the yard and the cattle, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is quite adaptable and human-oriented. A basic socialization, that is to say, early contact with other people and animals, is as important to harmonious coexistence as sufficient opportunities for running and consistent parenting.
Central Asian Shepherd Dog Pictures
Central Asian Shepherd Dog Videos
Type and recognitions:
- FCI CLASSIFICATION: 335
- Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
- Section 2.2: Molossoid, mountain type. Without working trial..
- – FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type. ⓘ
- – AKC – FSS ⓘ
- – ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs) ⓘ
- – NZKC – Utility dog ⓘ
- – UKC – Watchdog ⓘ
FCI breed standard "Central Asian Shepherd Dog"
Guard and surveillance dog.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is of a harmonious build and great stature, moderately long (never with a long or short body). Robust and muscular body, bulky but not with visible muscles.
Clearly defined sexual dimorphism. Males are thicker and more courageous than females with a more pronounced cross and a larger head.. Full maturity is reached at the age of three.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the body only slightly exceeds its height at the withers. Increased height is desired but proportional structure must remain. Length of forelimbs to elbows is 50 – 52% the height at the withers.
The length of the snout is less than ½ the length of the head but more than 1/3.
Self-confidence, silent, balanced, proud and independent. Dogs have great courage and high capacity for work, resistance and a natural instinct for territoriality. Courage in the face of large predators is one of its characteristics
Head: Solid and well balanced with the overall appearance. The shape of the head is rectangular, top and side view.
- Skull: deep. The antecara is flat and the skull area is flat and long. Occiput well defined but hardly visible due to well-developed musculature. Supraorbital arch moderately defined.
- Depression links (Stop): Moderately defined.
- Truffle: Grand, well developed but not exceeding the general outline of the muzzle. The color is black but in white and beige dogs the truffle may be somewhat lighter.
- Snout: The muzzle is blunt and of moderate length., it is rectangular seen from above and the sides tapering slightly towards the nose. The muzzle is bulky, deep and well filled under the eyes. Wide nasal bridge, straight and sometimes slightly sunken. Well developed chin.
- Lips: Thick. Upper lip tight, covering the bottom when the mouth is closed. Full black pigmentation preferred.
- Jaws / Teeth: The jaws are strong and wide. Teeth are big, white and next to each other, 42 in total. Incisors positioned aligned. Scissor bite accepted, reverse clip and scissors. Canines positioned well apart. An injury to a tooth that does not affect the use of the bite is of no consequence.
- Cheeks: Cheek bones are long and well developed, without interfering with the straight rectangular shape of the head.
- Eyes: Medium size, oval-shaped, placed well apart, looking well ahead. Moderately sunken placement. Eye color from dark brown to hazel. Darker color is preferred. The eyelids are thick and preferably with the lower eyelid not too loose. The third eyelid should not be visible. The edge of the eyelids is preferred fully pigmented. Whatever the hair color, the eyelids must be black. His expression is confident and dignified.
- Ears: Medium size, Triangular shape, thick, low insert and pendants. Your lower level or slightly below your eyes. Traditionally amputated ears as illustrated on the first page, which is practiced in the country of origin and in countries where it is not prohibited by law.
Neck: Neck is medium length, very strong, oval transversely, well muscled and low set. The dewlap is a characteristic of the breed.
- top line: Well proportioned and well sustained. In the posture you must maintain the typical upper line.
- Cross: Well defined, especially in males, muscle, long and tall with a well defined transition to the back.
- Back: Straight, width, good muscular; the length is ½ of the length of the withers to the insertion of the tail.
- Pork loin: Short, width, muscle, slightly arched.
- Rump: Moderately long, wide, well muscled, slightly inclined towards the tail insert. Height at withers exceeds height above hip in 1 – 2 cm..
- Breast : Deep, long, width, well developed, rib cage widening to the posterior. False long rib. Lower chest at elbow level or slightly below. The forechest extends slightly in front of the humerus/scapula joint.
- Bottom line and belly: Moderately retracted abdomen.
Tail: Thick at the base and somewhat high insertion. The natural tail is carried curved in the shape of a sickle or curved in a loose ring that begins in its last third.. When alert, the tail rises to the level of the back or slightly higher. Traditionally the tail is docked in the illustrated manner which is practiced in the country of origin or in countries where it is not prohibited by law..
Natural glue is valued the same as amputated.
- General appearance: Right members of strong bones, viewed from the front parallel and not very close to each other. Seen on side, the forearm is straight.
- Shoulder: Long scapula, well inclined, forming an angle with the forearm of approximately 100°. Well muscled.
- Forearm: Oblique, long and strong.
- Elbows: Tight fitting without turning in or out. Arm: Straight, very strong bone, long, oval transversely.
- Metacarpus: Moderately long, width, strong, rights.
- Previous feet: Large, rounded, arched toes, bulky and thick pads; nails can be any color.
- General appearance: Viewed from behind straight and parallel, placed somewhat more apart than the previous ones.
- Thigh: Width, moderately long and with strong musculature.
- Knee: Without turning neither inwards nor outwards. Its angulation is moderate.
- Leg: Always the same length as the thigh.
- The Hock joint: Moderately angled.
- Metatarsals: Very strong and of moderate length, perpendicular. Without spurs.
- Hind feet: Large, round, arched toes, bulky and thick pads; nails can be any color.
Movement: Well balanced and elastic. Jog with free reach of the forelimbs and strong push from the rear. Top line remains firm during movement. All joints tilt effortlessly. The angulations of the posterior are more defined during the movement than during the stop..
SKIN: Thick, loose enough to prevent injury during combat against predators.
- Fur: Abundant, smooth, thick with well-developed inner hair. The hair on the head and on the front of the limbs is short and thick.. The hair on the cross is sometimes longer. Outer hair may be short or slightly longer. Depending on the length of the outer hair there may be shorter hair (3 – 5 cm.), covering the entire body or longer hair (7-10 cm.) forming a mane on the neck, feathers behind the ears and on the back of the limbs and on the tail.
- Color: All except genetic blue or genetic brown in any combination and black cloak on fire.
Size and weight:
Height to the cross:
- Males: Minimum 70 cm..
- females: Minimum 65 cm..
The largest size is desired but the proportional structure remains.
- Males: Minimum 50 Kg.
- females: Minimum 40 Kg
Any deviation from the aforementioned criteria is considered as a fault and the severity of this is considered to the degree of the deviation to the standard and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog..
- Slight deviation from the typicality of the breed.
- Females with male type tendencies.
- Rounded skull, narrow snout, narrow lower jaw, small nose.
- Oblique eye placement or eyes close together, loose eyelids.
- High insertion of the ears.
- Thin or hanging lips.
- Height above rump. Slightly short rump.
- Narrow forehead.
- Exaggerated angulations of the posterior.
- Open foot and long toes.
- Hackney movement, slightly unbalanced movement.
- Too short hair.
- Too nervous.
- Significant deviations from the type and structure required.
- Long-limbed appearance, Lightweight bones, soft muscles.
- Very light eyes or protruding eyes.
- Top line descended.
- Croup much higher than the cross.
- Narrow rump, short and steep.
- Naturally short tail, broken tail.
- Very high metacarpus, low.
- Hindquarters placed too far apart under the body.
- Height to the cross 2 cm less than the minimum required in the standard.
- Aggressiveness or extreme shyness.
- Any dog showing clear signs of physical or behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified..
- Shy or overexcited.
- Male female type.
- Prognathic or clearly enognathic bite.
- Different colored eyes, blue or green eyes, bizco.
- Loose joints.
- Hair of any combination of genetic brown or genetic blue.
- Fire color with a black cloak.
- Cloak the soft or smooth.
- Unbalanced movement.
Males should have two normal-appearing testicles fully descended into the scrotum..
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with the typical conformation of the breed, should be used for parenting.
1. Alabai, Central Asian Ovtcharka, CAO Aziat (English).
2. Chien de berger d’Asie centrale (French).
3. Zentralasiatischer Owtscharka (German).
4. Türkmen Alabaý, mastim-da-ásia-central (Portuguese).
5. Perro Pastor de Asia Central (español).