Greenland Dog
Dinamarca FCI 274 - Nordic Sledge Dogs

Greenlandés

The Greenland Dog not an easy breed to control, it is necessary to thoroughly document their character.

Content

Adaptation ⓘ


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friendly dog ​​ⓘ


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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

It belongs to the oldest dog breeds in the world.

For centuries, the Greenland Dog ha acompañado a los inuits en su patria común: It is said that more than 1.000 years he came with his ancestors from Siberia to North America. En las heladas extensiones aún sirve a los habitantes como un versátil todo terreno y siempre ha sido criado específicamente por su habilidad para trabajar y su robustez. Helped in hunting seals and polar bears, así como en el arrastre de cargas a través del hielo y la nieve, even over long distances. In times of need, it also served as food for the inhabitants in the past.

Las sobresalientes habilidades físicas del Greenland Dog they also sparked the interest of the first polar explorers, who saw him as an ideal companion for expeditions. For example, Roald Amundsen, el explorador más exitoso del Ártico y el Antártico, was also accompanied by Greenland dogs. The breed has its origin in Greenland and, therefore, is under the patronage of Denmark. Genetically, the Greenland Dog is identical to canadian eskimo dog, that is not recognized by the FCI. Today, the Greenland dog belongs to a total of four breeds of sled dogs. By his side are the Alaskan Malamute, the Samoyed and the Siberian Husky.

Physical characteristics

Las características de este perro siempre han sido más importantes que su apariencia. La fuerte constitución permite al perro de Groenlandia arrastrar cargas a través de la nieve durante largos períodos de tiempo. Size variations are possible, with males generally over 60 cm in height to the cross, females over 55 cm.. The ears are upright, triangular and slightly rounded at the tip. This sled dog wears its tail slightly curled on its back. The coat consists of a smooth undercoat and a fairly thick, smooth top coat. The fur is longer on the head, the legs and the lower part of the tail than the rest of the body. All coat colors except merle and albino are allowed. The eyes should be slightly slanted and dark – los ojos azules o de diferente color llevan a la descalificación según el estándar.

Character and skills

From Greenland, the largest island in the world, this four-legged friend has conquered the hearts of many dog ​​lovers. However, mantener un perro de trineo así requiere no sólo experiencia, but above all a lot of space and time to satisfy the need for movement of this robust worker.

The character of the breed is determined by its field of application: Like Inuit sled dogs, the greenlandic dogs son muy persistentes y llenos de energía. What's more, hunting companions are brave and show a pronounced hunting instinct. Debido a que la mayoría de ellos vivían en la manada y prestaban sus fieles servicios a varias personas, do not tend to bond strongly with people , but they are basically human friendly – and therefore are not suitable as watchdogs. However, they do not usually miss the opportunity to greet friends – or strangers – loudly and cheerfully.

Attention: The greenlandic dog may not bark much, but tends to howl a lot. Le encanta vivir con otros perros en una jauría.

Greenland Dog Education

Who wants to train a Greenland Dog need knowledge, experience with dogs and above all a lot of patience. Una clara jerarquía es muy importante para el perro de trineo independiente y la cuestionará si se presenta la oportunidad. This applies to other dogs as well as their owners. You need a reliable consequence and a sensible education, accept your own head (stubborn) of the race. Agotar a este perro tanto física como mentalmente es el requisito básico para una buena educación, as a little challenged sled dog will want to vent elsewhere, and this is probably not to the liking of its owners. It makes sense to go to puppy school with this dog, para que se socialice ampliamente con conespecíficos de diferentes tamaños y razas. If you want to train with the growing dog in a canine school, you should clarify in advance if the trainers have already had experience with the special character of sled dogs.

Greenland Dog Health

For centuries, la robustez ha sido el principal objetivo de cría de este amigo de cuatro patas, It is not surprising that the Greenland Dog be one of those breeds that have hardly any health restrictions. However, when i buy a puppy, look for parents who are free of hip dysplasia (HD) – algunas líneas pueden tener una ligera tendencia a esto. As with all big dogs, the stomach can also be twisted, so it is important to take breaks after meals. Due to its origin and its fur, that adapts to icy conditions, These breeds are considered to be heat sensitive and, therefore, no deben ser mantenidos en países cálidos. Nor should you encourage your Greenland Dog to carry out sports activities above the 15 degrees Celsius. Su acompañante se sentirá correspondientemente cómodo en la estación más fría. In winter, However, asegúrese de tomar los cuidados adecuados para las patas, as road salt can quickly lead to chapped or inflamed skin.

Greenland dog nutrition

One Greenland Dog en el uso de perros de trineo consume enormes cantidades de energía y necesita una dieta adaptada apropiadamente. Therefore, it is important to adapt the amount of food to the workload and the constitution of these dogs – information provided by manufacturers can only provide approximate guidelines. Of course, el requerimiento de energía del cachorro no es todavía tan alto, since you should only move moderately anyway.

Alimente a su cachorro con tres o cuatro porciones de un alimento de alta calidad por día. Regardless of the age of your puppy, meat should be the first element of the diet and therefore the main component of food. What's more, cereals have no place in dog food. Si su cuadrúpedo se desempeña bien, increase the amount of food accordingly.

Food should be relatively high in fat and low in carbohydrates, así como fibras dietéticas para suministrar a su atleta de resistencia la energía suficiente. Es importante que una sesión de actividad física se lleve a cabo con un intervalo de tiempo entre la última comida – it is better to feed your Greenland dog three hours before training and in any case avoid too much exercise after feeding. Esta es la única manera de minimizar el riesgo de una torsión estomacal que ponga en peligro la vida. Of course, it is also important that fresh water is always available for your four-legged friend. On longer trips you should take adequate precautions and carry enough water with you.

Greenland dog care

Un peine de púas gruesas es suficiente para peinar la subpelo blando – this should be done regularly, especially during coat change, because the Greenland Dog misses – not only during this time – a relatively large amount of hair. If your partner has gotten dirty, usually it is enough to let the coat dry and then comb it well. La suciedad resistente debe ser frotada suavemente del abrigo con un paño húmedo. A bath is not normally necessary – if this happens, use un champú suave para perros.

Especially with older dogs that move less, you should check if your partner is wearing out his claws enough and if necessary help with claw scissors. También tienen limpiadores de ojos y oídos y pinzas para garrapatas para perros listas para usar cuando se necesiten. For dental care, for example, special dog treats are suitable. Or you can use a dog toothbrush and toothpaste, which is particularly effective in fighting tartar. Many dog ​​owners perform this ritual for well-groomed small teeth regularly.. However, if you are considering this, debería acostumbrar a su cachorro.

Employment for Greenland Dogs

Properly use a Greenland Dog en otras latitudes es una tarea exigente para la que sólo una minoría de los amantes de los perros tiene suficiente tiempo y espacio. Lo ideal sería que el entrenamiento de los perros de trineo se llevara a cabo con él, lo que a su vez sólo es posible de forma muy limitada en la mayoría de los países. An alternative is training with special trainers. As well Canicross offers sports owners the possibility to discover nature together with their partner. This four-legged friend also likes long walks through the woods as a supplement. Always be aware of your pronounced hunting instinct. It is essential that you have it under control to be able to enjoy relaxed walks. Always pay attention to an age-appropriate load and don't overload your four-legged companion.

¿Me conviene un Perro de Groenlandia?

The Greenland Dog is a four-legged friend for sports connoisseurs who appreciate his independence and want to do many outdoor activities with him. Under no circumstances does this sled dog from the frozen expanses of Greenland belong to an apartment or even the city – nor does it belong to the warm regions of southern Europe. If you want to live with a greenlandic dog, deberías pensar en comprar dos de ellos a la vez, porque a los perros les gusta estar juntos con conespecíficos. If you live in the country, you can keep your greenlandic dogs en una manada bajo el cielo abierto en un jardín a prueba de fugas con una perrera abierta. So the heat sensitive sled dog can look for a shady spot in the summer – esto debería estar absolutamente disponible.

Of course, the Greenland Dog also happy with family connections. However, it's not the classic “one person dog”. In any case, estos animales de compañía nunca son principalmente perros de familia o de compañía, but rather working dogs – you should always be aware of this. If one can use your dog to his full capacity, they can live well with a family and so they are also extremely kid-friendly.

Cats or small animals are not suitable to live with this ambitious hunter. You don't have to be a professional dog if you decide to stay with this four-legged friend, but you must already have some experience with dogs and above all do not underestimate the time required for the workload. Due to these requirements, the Greenland Dog It is a breed for connoisseurs that can meet high maintenance demands.

¿Dónde encuentro mi deseado perro de Groenlandia?

One greenlandic dog is a rarity in Central Europe. Así que si quieres que un Greenland Dog move in with you, you should contact the Nordic dog breed clubs. They can arrange contacts with Greenland dog breeders – also abroad – and advise you on the breed requirements if necessary. If you are looking for a sled dog and cannot find one in your region, debería considerar si una de las otras tres razas de perros de trineo sería una alternativa: the Siberian Husky are much more common in Europe. With a little distance one also comes across relatively easily with breeders of malamutes de Alaska or samoyed. But: Todas las razas plantean grandes desafíos a sus dueños.

If you are looking for a greenlandic dog older and grown up, debería buscar perros de razas nórdicas, especially in animal shelters. Aunque lo más probable es que no encuentre aquí un perro de pura raza groenlandesa, many Nordic dogs whose owners have underestimated their urge to move are waiting for a competent new home where they will be given enough occupancy. The most promising way to find them is to search the internet. If required, los clubes de razas de perros nórdicos también pueden darle consejos sobre la búsqueda. Seguramente encontrarás un cuadrúpedo nórdico que te envuelva en poco tiempo con su encanto. Ideally, this person should not live too far from home., so that you and your potential new roommate can get to know each other before you decide to let her move in. Remember that these dogs live better with other dogs of the same species and clarify – with the breeder or the current foster home of the animal protection – hasta qué punto el nuevo perro encaja bien con un perro existente o si decide conseguir un dúo de inmediato.

Characteristics "Greenland Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Greenland Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Images "Greenland Dog"

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Photos:

1 – Lulo es el único perro groenlandés que se usa como mascota en Upernavik, Groenlandia by Slaunger, edited by Thegreenj / CC BY-SA
2 – Greenland Dog by https://www.pikist.com/free-photo-sckxk
3 – Greenland Dog by https://www.needpix.com/photo/836500/greenland-dog-dog
4 – Greenland Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/groenlandia-perro-de-groenlandia-1963005/
5 – Greenland Dog by https://www.pxfuel.com/en/free-photo-xodqt
6 – Greenland Dog by https://pixy.org/4674986/
7 – Greenland Dog by https://www.pikrepo.com/nemmp/brown-and-white-short-coated-dog-on-green-grass-during-daytime

Videos "Greenland Dog"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
  • CKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • UKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs


FCI breed standard "Greenland Dog"

FCIFCI - Greenland Dog
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Kalaallit qimmiat (Qimmeq), Grønlandshund, Grünlandshund, Esquimaux Dog (English).
    2. Groenlandais (French).
    3. Grønlandshund (German).
    4. Gronlandshund (Portuguese).
    5. Esquimal de Groenlandia, Groenlandés (español).

Alaskan Malamute
Estados Unidos FCI 243 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

The Alaskan Malamute he has a reputation for being stubborn and difficult to train among people who do not know him.

Alaskan Malamute

Content

Characteristics "Alaskan Malamute"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Alaskan Malamute" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


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friendly dog ​​ⓘ


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hair loss ⓘ


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Affection level ⓘ


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Need for exercise ⓘ


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Social need ⓘ


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Home ⓘ


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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ


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barking ⓘ


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Health ⓘ


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Territorial ⓘ


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Cat friendly ⓘ


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Intelligence ⓘ


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Versatility ⓘ


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Child friendly ⓘ


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Surveillance ⓘ


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joy ⓘ


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Alaskan Malamute History

Also called Mally. It is native to the Arctic dog, and one of the oldest breeds within the sledge dogs.

It's a dog with a strong appearance, strong, with good musculature. It is capable of carrying significant weight (until 20 kg) for tens of kilometres. This is a very ancient race, from the first races of sled dogs.

Raised by a tribe of Inuit call mahlemiut. The meaning of the word mahle It is unknown, but it is known that mouse means “town of”. Mahlemiut as Mahle people can therefore be interpreted. Following the English phonetics, diction is then transformed into MALAMUTE.

The area inhabited by the people of the MALAMUTE were the banks of Kotzebue Sound, un territorio comprendido entre dos grandes ríos: the Kobuk and the Noatak. Men and women of the tribe mahlemiut (MALAMUTE) They were highly prized among others Inuit tribes for their courage, his pride and his skill in hunting and fishing.

    Estos perros eran famosos por su belleza y por sus características de fuerza y resistencia, que hacían de ellos óptimos elementos para el tiro.

They were, in general, larger and more powerful than the other Nordic dogs, with similar in appearance to the Wolf and large and soft tails carried on the back. Contemporary witnesses tell it between 1870 and 1880 approximately, los caribúes, for unexplained reasons, cambiaron sus habituales recorridos migratorios quitándoles así a las Malamute tribes an important source of livelihood.

En estas condiciones las familias ya no podían permitirse mantener grupos de perros formados por más de dos o tres ejemplares: testimonies of the time talking about men, women and even children helped their dogs to pull the sledges. Así que la población comenzó a disminuir y la misma suerte corrieron sus perros.

Su capacidad para soportar pesadas cargas se pone de manifiesto cuando es elegido para realizar expediciones al círculo polar, as the two who placed the Admiral Byrd. They were also used as a rescue of injured dog in World War II.

His presence, always with the head-up, It gives some impressive aspect that, However, It is not at odds with a very friendly and playful character with their owners, Although it gives the impression of being a very serious dog anyone that knows no race.

Características físicas Malamute de Alaska

It has two layers hair: an external, thick and rough, and an internal feel oily and woolly, and it is longer in the area of the neck and shoulders, on the back and the tail. Its color It is predominantly gray but colors ranging from white to reddish sand allowed.

The tail is well covered and is carried over the back; has the appearance of a feather bush that sways.

El Malamute está de pie en posición vertical sobre sus patas y encarna el orgullo y la gran alegría del movimiento con su postura de cabeza erguida y ojos que irradian alerta, interest and curiosity. His head is wide. Ears are triangular and are pricked when attention is drawn. The muzzle is massive and tapers only slightly from the base to the nose. It is neither pointed nor long nor short and thick. … The Malamute must have heavy bones and powerful legs, good legs, a deep chest, hombros poderosos y todas las demás condiciones físicas que necesita para hacer su trabajo de manera eficiente. Your movement should be smooth, harmonious, tireless and completely efficient. He was not bred as a racing sled dog for speed competitions.

In contrast to other races, When it gets wet is not drastically reduced its size.

There are different colors in the Alaskan Malamute, Black with white, coffee, reddish and recently found a color of white Malamute. The history of this color is equal to of the Siberian Husky; que son blancos para camuflarse con la nieve y así poder atrapar sus presas.

¿Qué tamaño tiene un Malamute de Alaska?

Malamutes have a height at the withers of 64 centímetros en los machos y 59 centímetros en las hembras. The weight is between 34 and 38 kg.

¿Cuanto puede vivir un Malamute de Alaska?

His life expectancy is more than 12 years.

Character and skills Alaskan Malamute

Se trata de un perro de trineo con orígenes muy antiguos, little changed from its origin Wolf. This does not mean that it is aggressive. While his appearance and pride can impress the external observer, It's a playful animal (When you are invited to do so), faithful to his master and a great protective instinct with children.

It is a dog outside, She loves the outdoors and is happy to live in the open air; If locks it after a fence, It is very likely that finding the way to escape, because likes freedom and not lose a chance to go in search of an adventure or a career.

Shyness is usually not a good sign, but fortunately, seems to be a pretty rare feature in this race and if it occurs it may be due to causes outside of the animal genetics and having been produced by an owner who has failed to give a proper socialization, manteniéndole encerrado y carente de estímulos psíquicos, interaction with the same kind and a very limited human contact. If it detects, It should be monitored and provide training to overcome the problem, that otherwise his behavior may become unpredictable and therefore dangerous.

On the other hand, given the way of Eskimo and nomadic life share everything, is not a race of protection, pero sí puede ser un buen Dog Alert, It will notify the owner that he sees something strange, with the so particular sound it emits, It is a combination between howl and bark.

    It is not a dog to guard and defense than by nature tend to be friendly with humans.

As a result of his former life, It is a dog with strong instinto de manada y de jerarquía, which results in frequent attacks with other animals. What's more, los machos son muy territoriales y competitivos entre sí por lo que no es aconsejable alojarlos juntos. Females may be easier to train and better adapted to living in houses. Esta raza gusta de la compañía humana, has huge doses of loyalty, love and willingness to work, What makes a good dog home.

It is affectionate with children, even with strangers, and he loves to accompany them on all sides. Because of its independent character is reputed to be terco y difícil para adiestrar among people who do not know. However, There are Malamutes champions working with blind obedience.

They are sensitive, affectionate and playful, but they know to protect themselves effectively. With a good training and socialization are balanced dogs, tanto física como psicológicamente, because they have good potential for learning because they are quick to learn and acute reflexes.

Popular mixes

Mixtures of Alaskan Malamute with other dog breeds are common in the sled dog scene. Many mushers they try it to improve the performance of their dogs. Individuals who from the point of view of the mushers do not bring optimal performance against the sled, se encuentran entonces a veces en el refugio o se les ofrece como perro de compañía.

Cuidado, health and diseases

¿Cuánto cuidado necesita un Malamute de Alaska?

The Alaskan Malamute needs regular brushing, at least weekly, of the coat. Change of coat, twice a year, is particularly intensive. Then your house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair, even though they brush it daily. But the main effort for its care is due to its nature as a sled dog.

¿Hay alguna enfermedad típica del Malamute de Alaska?

The Alaskan Malamute it is a very healthy breed of dog, as long as it is not bred in extreme form, which fortunately is seen very little so far: too heavy dogs with too short legs.

¿Qué comida es mejor para un Malamute de Alaska?

The Alaskan Malamute is often a picky eater. The mushers tienen recetas secretas con golosinas para proveer a sus perros con suficiente energía antes de las carreras. Como a la mayoría de los perros, likes a meaty beef bone and fresh meat.

Activities

The Alaskan Malamute has to work. This usually means its use as a sled dog.. Una actitud como la de un perro de granja o de familia no sería apropiada para la especie.

Considerations before purchase

¿Dónde se puede comprar un Malamute de Alaska?

If you are interested in a Alaskan Malamute, the first thing to do is visit some sled dog races. Entonces deberías comprobar si quieres pasar al menos los próximos diez años una vida común, sporting and intensive with these dogs and also having the objective conditions for it. Entonces deberías obtener información de un criador local que esté afiliado a algún club de perros de trineo. If everything goes well, you will have a wonderful experience.

Breeding and maintenance

¿Me conviene un malamute de Alaska?

The Alaskan Malamute a dog is not for beginners. You have high demands on your attitude, stemming from its destiny as an original sled dog. All the lives of their caregivers, your human family must adjust to your needs. The real MALAMUTE necesita el desafío ante el trineo física y mentalmente. Aquí hay varias posibilidades de reemplazo incluso sin nieve. We see a kind of sled on wheels like a tricycle or a training car with four tires. Especially for Malamutes, drag competitions are organized, que son aceptadas por los perros con gran alegría y pleno compromiso. Especially the sport of dogsledding has something very special. Driving with the sleigh of the MALAMUTE through a snowy landscape in winter is one of the greatest experiences of all.

También le permite experimentar una profunda unidad entre el hombre-perro y la naturaleza de una manera que de otra manera es difícilmente posible. Of course it is also good for your health.

When traveling, it is better to take the MALAMUTE in an aluminum transport box. The Malamute is not a dog for an apartment. A house with a “jardíndebería ser un espacio ideal para esta raza.

The MALAMUTE es una de las pocas razas de perro que se puede mantener como una manada en una perrera sin ningún problema. But this kennel must be well secured. It is not that Malamutes are a danger to the environment, but they are kings of escape and they dig well and with gusto. You can hardly believe, through which little holes these heavy dogs can escape.

To the malamutes they like to sleep outside and snuggle with their head under their tail during the biggest snowstorm. El jardín, where the Malamutes, no debe ser considerado como un jardín ornamental, to put it in a nice way. The malamutes requieren que todo el estilo de vida esté en sintonía con esta asociación.

The Alaskan Malamute can be well trained by an experienced dog owner. Uno debe aceptar el desafío, even love, de luchar mentalmente con estos perros primitivos y seguros de sí mismos. They will gladly accept their masters and caregivers, will be loyal to them, but they must have leadership qualities combined with a lot of doggy mind. You have to fully commit to the experience of having a MALAMUTE. Not a dog for people without deep canine experience.

Alaskan Malamute photos

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Vídeos del Malamute de Alaska

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Section: 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • AKC – Work Toy
  • ANKC – Group 6 – (Utility)
  • CKC – Group 3 – (Working dogs)
  • ​KC – Work
  • NZKC – Utility Toy
  • UKC – Northern races


FCI breed standard "Alaskan Malamute"

FCIFCI - Alaskan Malamute
MALAMUTE

Alternative names

    1. Alaskan Malamute, Mal, Mally (English).
    2. Malamute de l’Alaska (French).
    3. Alaskan Malamute (German).
    4. Malamute-do-alasca (Portuguese).
    5. Alaskan malamute (español).

Samoyed
Rusia FCI 212 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

Samoyedo

The Samoyed, Although it may seem a teddy, It is a true athlete who needs exercise daily.

Content

History

Where does he come from Samoyed originally?

The Samoyed is the archetype of a dog from the far north. It belongs to the archetypes of the dog in general. The Samoyed it is one of the oldest dog breeds. Type dogs Samoyed have accompanied the peoples of Siberia for thousands of years. The Samoyeds (or nenets) son varios pueblos indígenas que han vivido durante miles de años en toda Siberia hasta el Océano Ártico. La mayoría viven como nómadas y siguen las manadas de renos salvajes o semisalvajes. Their dogs have different tasks. They pull the sleds with the household goods or with the hunters for the hunt. They pull the boats over the snow into open water. They help with the reindeer herds. They guard and protect people as if they were herds.

They defied death even when facing the polar bear, the world's largest land predator. The Samoyeds provide an excellent navigation system that makes its way through icy deserts even in fog or snow storms, avoiding cracks and ice holes. They often sleep in the tents of the Samoyedos. They keep each other warm. Así que no es sorprendente que los pueblos Samoyeds tengan una relación extremadamente íntima con sus perros, and not only because their existence in the far north depends on these dogs.

The Countess Aga von Hagen reports in his book on dog breeds from 1933 that the “Samoyed Spitz” was treated as a sacred dog in his homeland and that no family Samoyed voluntarily separated from his dogs. On the other hand, the Countess explains that the Samoyed Spitz, through this close connection, show a “alto desarrollo de las características mentales a pesar de su ferocidad”. Was not up 2017 that a report by Russian archaeologists was published, que habían encontrado restos de 9000 años de antigüedad de diez perros en Siberia. En el permafrost estos estaban tan bien conservados que podían ser examinados de cerca y clasificados como perros de trineo.

Only in 1889 el inglés Ernest Kilburn-Scott managed to import the first Samoyeds from Siberia. Así que estos perros entraron en la cría moderna de perros con pedigrí. Immediately one turned to their outer appearances. El color blanco se elevó como una característica de un Samoyed basically arbitrarily to standard. At that moment, like today, se and take Samoyed original in many colors, only rarely in pure white. To impose the pure white color, la endogamia se llevó a cabo de acuerdo con este dudoso criterio y así se perdió gran parte del carácter real y la extrema robustez del Samoyed. What's more, la base de cría ya era muy pequeña de todos modos, porque los pueblos siberianos eran reacios a renunciar a sus perros para la cría en Inglaterra.

Finally, en la década de 1950 they also crossed the original line, these being very different in character and, if you look closely, also in appearance. Although the Samoyed actual de la cría europea ha perdido gran parte del carácter original del verdadero perro de Siberia, still an original breed. The most exciting thing about him is that he shows at the same time a close connection with humans. Not without reason, the Samoyed is one of the founders of other breeds of dogs such as the Eurasian. The first standard for Samoyed it was created in 1909, in 1913 was recognized in England. The FCI, Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized her in 1959.

Physical characteristics

Males tend to have more size females usually weigh between 20 and 32,5 kg, while females usually weigh between 17 and 25 kg.

The eyes of the Samoyed they are usually black or brown, and slanting. The nose or truffle must be well developed and preferably black. En algunas épocas del año puede aclararse dando lugar a la comúnmente llamada “nose in winter”. Some other factors such as age or climate can clarify it, but it is important to always keep the edges of black. Por lo contrario significaría una obligada visita veterinaria.

The ears they should be thick and completely covered with hair, form triangular, and upright. En la mayoría de los casos son blancas, but occasionally they can be Brown clear (known as color “cookie”).

The tail of the Samoyed it is one of the most distinctive features of this breed. As the Mally, the tail hanging hook-shaped on his back; However, and unlike the Malamute, the tail of Samoyed touches back and leans over, slightly, on one side and must not be a very closed hook or in the form of “flag”.

En climas fríos, some Samoyed sleep with their tails over their noses to provide additional protection. Most of the Samoyed, They allow the tail to fall when they are relaxed, but they back to its original position when they are alert.

The Samoyed, they have a dense double coat of hair. The top layer has a dense, straight and thick hair, It seems the white but it has some dyes of silver. This top layer keeps the Undercoat relatively clean and free of debris. The bottom layer is a soft, dense and short hair that keeps the dog warm.

The bottom layer is changed from one to two times a year, process known as shedding of hair. This in no way means that they move hair only on these occasions, year-round fine hair it is moved and replaced, el cual –habitualmente- sticking it on your clothes or simply air fleet.

The Samoyed standard can have a mix of color White and biscuit, Although dogs completely white or completely color cookie are not rare. Males are generally longer than females fur.

The Samoyed, son buenos aseándose a sí mismos, not too many baths still needed. La suciedad por lo general cae fácilmente de las capas exteriores de pelo, making the dog show clean.

The hair of the puppies is more porous, so it is easier to you manche with the grass and mud if they are long time outdoors. El aspecto del cepillado es más difícil, that by their thick fur in some areas like the back of the ears tend to tangle is if not brushes weekly.

The Samoyed will require that, cut the hair that grows between their feet bearing, pero con esta excepción el resto puede permanecer así, course.

Except for reasons medical or hair is extremely entangled, it is not recommended that the Samoyed be shaved, ya que su pelo actúa como un aislante tanto del frío como del calor moderado, in addition to protecting fair skin from Samoyed before burns by the rays of the sun.

Una característica importante de esta raza es que casi no presentan el olor característico a perro, making them good dogs live indoors. The lack of dander, as well, makes them hypoallergenic.

The thick layer of hair can make you feel uncomfortable in the summer in locations where the climate is warm, donde prefieren los interiores pues el aire es más frío. Su pelo también actúa como un repelente natural contra piojos y garrapatas.

When moving the hair, la mayoría de la capa exterior cae y es reemplazada, the old man can fall into large bundles, leaving hollow spaces in extreme cases. You can brush the hair, with a metal comb, with which we can speed up the process of moving and help the Samoyed to regain your appearance more quickly. Brushing frequently help him is not enrede.

Give a bath to Samoyed it's a long process, pues el pelo es casi “a prueba de agua”, por lo que tomará tiempo que esté completamente húmedo y luego completamente mojado. The hair Samoyed debe secarse con aire forzado y frío (using a hair dryer), pues el agua puede quedar atrapada en la capa inferior de pelo espeso haciendo difícil que se evapore.

It is important that you rinse well, ya que el champú o jabón remanente puede llevar a una infección por hongos, de difícil eliminación sin tener que rapar el área afectada. To keep the hair from Samoyed Radiant, brushing and a healthy diet may not be disparaged.

¿Qué tamaño tiene un “Samoyed”?

The samoyed have a height at the withers of about 57 centímetros en los machos y 53 centímetros en las hembras. Weight is not prescribed by the standard, but it is usually between 18 and 30 kg.

¿Cuanto puede vivir un “Samoyed”?

One Samoyed healthy can reach the 12 years and more, y esto con una buena condición física.

Character and skills

The provision of play of the Samoyed makes it a dog not recommended as a guardian; a Samoyed aggressive is very rare. However, con su tendencia a ladrar pueden ser perros vigías diligentemente, barking when something or someone approaches their territory.

The Samoyed, they are one excelente compañía, especially for small children or even other dogs, remaining also playful until advanced age. The Samoyed, as well, they are known to be somewhat fools en ocasiones y difíciles de entrenar por su falta de diligencia y no por falta de inteligencia, so it must be persuaded obey orders which are given.

His inheritance by pulling sleds, the Samoyed, has no problems to pull objects, and Samoyed who has not been trained has no problem with dragging his owner on the leash when they take him out for a walk instead of walking beside him.

Running is a special passion of the samoyed, more precisely: pull sleds. If you are interested in a Samoyed, definitivamente deberías visitar las carreras de perros de trineo en invierno. It is deeply impressive and fascinating.

You can feel the extreme tension of the dogs much earlier in the field of Musher. When you go to the exit, there is hardly a stop. Like in an explosion, this tension of these rather heavy looking dogs dissolves in the acceleration of the sled. The strength of Samoyed it's not your speed, but its unusual resistance.

Instintivamente actúan como perros de pastoreo, so when playing, especially with children, they tend to try to guide them.

This breed is characterized by its expression alert and smiling, What has earned him the nickname of “smile of “Samoyed”” or “smiling dog“. They have great vitality, which is why, bien cuidados retienen su juventud y ese espíritu jovial hasta su vejez. Their average lifespan is of 12 a 18 years, Although some can live a little longer.

As a working breed, they have an excellent resistance and without daily exercise, they become bored and/or depressed they, that can lead to it barking excessively, destroyed or have a worthy of a master of escape behavior. While they are healthy dogs they have tendency to certain diseases.

Cuidado, health and diseases

The Samoyed para la cría de exhibición se ve afectado por numerosas enfermedades hereditarias debido a la cría unilateral en apariencia exterior y la muy pequeña base de cría de hoy en día. You should avoid parenting, that values ​​the exhibition championships.

¿Cuánto cuidado necesita un “Samoyed”?

The lush double coat of the Samoyed needs regular care. Especially during the coat change in spring and summer, his house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair even though our Samoyed brush daily.

¿Qué comida es mejor para un “Samoyed”?
The Samoyed you have no special requirements in your diet. Como a la mayoría de los perros le gusta un hueso de carne de vacuno carnoso y carne fresca. The Samoyed it is very suitable for barbecues.

Activities with your “Samoyed”

¿Cuánto ejercicio necesita un Samoyed?

With a Samoyed you can do winter sports very well, ideally as a sled dog. The Samoyed needs an appropriate workload for each species.

Considerations before purchase

¿Dónde puedes comprar un “Samoyed”?

If you are interested in a Samoyed, the first thing you should do is visit some sled dog races. Aquí puedes experimentar el corazón de estos perros en vivo. Entonces debería obtener información de un criador local que no cría Samoyed plush for exhibition. El criador debería haber examinado a sus perros por los riesgos especiales de enfermedades hereditarias. This is a natural in serious parenting.. What's more, there should be no inbreeding, que se puede estimar mirando el pedigrí, si no aparece ningún nombre allí dos veces. The breeder must have his litter well documented by photo. Deberías poder ver la camada junto con la madre perra, after the fix, in the place. Please, no compre Samoyedos by Internet, because there is a high risk that the puppy comes from a seller or breeder of dogs, normally well camouflaged.

Education and maintenance of a “Samoyed”

The Samoyed easy to train and guide, but it is not a dog for beginners. You have high demands on your attitude, derived from its destiny as an original working and sled dog. Así que necesita mucha ocupación y actividades, ideally in the sport of sledding.

If you don't exercise and are even left alone without a deep connection to your family, can become a nervous and upset dog, que incluso puede destrozar el apartamento o el jardín.

The Samoyed not a dog for a flat or the big city. Lo ideal sería una casa con jardín. To the Samoyed they like to sleep outside and roll their head under their tail even in the biggest snowstorm. El jardín, where do these dogs stay, no debe ser un jardín ornamental.

The luxurious coat of the Samoyed needs regular care. Especially during the change of layer in spring and summer an intensive grooming is indicated. Then the house, the car and clothes will be full of her long hair even if you brush it daily. Aquí no hay que ser quisquilloso. In the car, it is best to transport it in a box from a specialized store.

The Samoyed can be trained very well by an experienced owner. You have to accept the challenge, It even has to motivate you to fight mentally with this original and confident race. They will gladly accept their masters or caregivers, will be loyal to them, but they have to demonstrate leadership qualities combined with a lot of knowledge of the breed. Tienes que estar completamente involucrado en la experiencia con estos típicos perros nórdicos, rústicos.

Through a gentle but disciplined upbringing, a Samoyed must be aware of its position in the ranking as early as puppy age. There should be no question who determines the rules of the house.

Characteristics "Samoyed"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Samoyed" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Images “Samoyed”

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Videos “Samoyed”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
  • AKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • ANKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • CKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • ​KC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • NZKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • UKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs


FCI breed standard "Samoyed"

FCIFCI - Samoyed
Samoyed

Alternative names:

    1. Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya, Sobaka, Smiley, Sammy (English).
    2. SAMOYEDE (French).
    3. Samojedenhund, Samojedenspitz (German).
    4. Samoieda, Samoiedo (Portuguese).
    5. Samoiedskaya Sobaka, Nenetskaya Laika, Samoiedskaïa Sabaka (español).

Mally
Estados Unidos FCI 243 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

Alaskan Malamute

The Mally he has a reputation for being stubborn and difficult to train among people who do not know him.

Content

Characteristics "Mally"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Mally" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


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friendly dog ​​ⓘ


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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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History “Mally”

Also called Alaskan Malamute, Dog is a native of the Arctic, and one of the oldest breeds in the sled dogs.

It's a dog with a strong appearance, strong, with good musculature. It is capable of carrying significant weight (until 20 kg) for tens of kilometres. This is a very ancient race, from the first races of sled dogs.

The Mally He was raised by a tribe of Inuit call mahlemiut. The meaning of the word mahle is unknown, but it is known that miut means “town of”. Mahlemiut as Mahle people can therefore be interpreted. Following the English phonetics, the diction is then transformed into Malamute.

The area inhabited by the people of the Malamute were the banks of the Kotzebue Sound, un territorio comprendido entre dos grandes ríos: the Kobuk and the Noatak. Men and women of the tribe of the mahlemiut (MALAMUTE) they were highly prized amongst other inuit tribes for their courage, his pride and his skill in hunting and fishing.

Estos perros eran famosos por su belleza y por sus características de fuerza y resistencia, que hacían de ellos óptimos elementos para el tiro. They were, in general, larger and more powerful than the other Nordic dogs, with similar in appearance to the Wolf and large and soft tails carried on the back. Contemporary witnesses tell it between 1870 and 1880 approximately, los caribúes, for unexplained reasons, cambiaron sus habituales recorridos migratorios quitándoles así a las tribus Malamute una importante fuente de sustento.

En estas condiciones las familias ya no podían permitirse mantener grupos de perros formados por más de dos o tres ejemplares: testimonies of the time talking about men, women and even children helped their dogs to pull the sledges. Así que la población comenzó a disminuir y la misma suerte corrieron sus perros.

Su capacidad para soportar pesadas cargas se pone de manifiesto cuando es elegido para realizar expediciones al círculo polar, as the two made Admiral Byrd. They were also used as a rescue of injured dog in World War II.

His presence, always with the head-up, It gives some impressive aspect that, However, It is not at odds with a very friendly and playful character with their owners, Although it gives the impression of being a very serious dog anyone that knows no race.

Read all about the race: Alaskan Malamute

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 5 / Section 1, Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • FCI 243, AKC, ANKC,​ CKC, KC, NZKC, UKC

Alternative names

    1. Alaskan Malamute, Mal, Mally (English).
    2. Malamute de l’Alaska (French).
    3. Alaskan Malamute (German).
    4. (Portuguese).
    5. Alaskan malamute (español).

Yakutian Laika
Rusia FCI 365 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

Laika de Yakutia

The Yakutian Laika they are very intelligent dogs, with a prodigious sense of smell and an exaggerated sense of direction

Content

History

The story of him “Yakutian Laika” is very extensive. For centuries, sleds pulled by dogs was something very important for the majority of peoples of the North of Russia, due to their way of life and the climate to which they were subjected. In the Neolítico, en la línea de la costa del noreste de Asia, These dogs were used for transportation and hunting.

At the beginning of the year 90, There was a finding on Zhokhov Island (Novosibirsk Islands, Yakutia), they found an archaeological site of hunters and dogs. It was investigated by an archaeologist from St. Petersburg, Vladimir Pitulko, allí encontró restos de arqueológicos de trineos, arneses y que aún conservaban los huesos de los perros. A través del método de radiocarbono demostraron que esos restos tenían una antigüedad de 7.800 a 8.000 years. This, es el hallazgo más antiguo que ha tenido lugar en el Ártico.

Ethnographers MG Levin (1946), Smolyak AV (1978) and other authors, they share that since ancient times (up until the present day), para los pueblos aborígenes del norte, the sled dogs were always universal animals: they were shooting animals, they were used also as food, and their skins were used for the manufacture of clothing and the rituals of worship. Times, the dogs were sacrificed and were used for religious ceremonies.

Muchos descubrimientos geográficos en el Ártico fueron posibles, with the sled dogs. The two poles of the Earth were discovered with the help of these dogs, in 1907, F. Cook and 1909 R. Piry reached the North Pole. In 1911, Amundsen was a Norwegian flag at the South Pole, in hostile climatic conditions, made 2.980 miles in 99 días con perros de trineo.

Yakutian Laika
Yakutian Laika

Until 1960 sleds pulled by dogs teams were important and, a veces la única forma disponible de transporte de invierno en las regiones del norte de Rusia. They were used not only by the local population, but also by government agencies, including troops from the border, el servicio postal y expediciones científicas. According to data from file, at the end of the 50 years of 20th century, in Northern Uluses of Yakutia, el número total de perros fue de 33 000. La disminución de trineos tirados por perros en Rusia se inició durante los últimos treinta años del siglo XX, When appeared on the market the snowmobiles, This led to a decline of fur and the local fishing industry, that little by little led to the extinction of the use of sledge dogs

“Give me the winter and a team of dogs, and take all” they are words of the famous traveller from North Knut Rasmussen, who made the trip longer on sledges pulled by dogs. This phrase describes the importance that have had these dogs to the length and breadth of history, and that in turn, demuestra que sin ellos mucho de lo que hoy conocemos pertenecería a nuestra ignorancia.

The first written record of the dogs in the Yakutian territory dates of 1633. In the documents of the time, el río Olenek, el río Yana y el río Kolyma se denominabanRíos de Perros”. In Siberia, los ríos se dividen enríos de perro” and “ríos de venado”. En los ríos ricos en peces, It was easy to capture and store enough fish (dry fish – yukola) para alimentar a los perros y por eso se les llamaba los ríos perro. When there are fish no, era difícil de usar perros para el transporte y los renos fueron utilizados, que son los ríos de renos. La travesía a lo largo de los “ríos de perros” era más difícil, due to the continued need for fishing and hunting to obtain enough food for dogs.

In 1843, published the “Manual de Geografía del Imperio Ruso” from Ivan Yakovlevich Pavlovsky, in this book, described the Yakutian Laika as a special race, as “a domesticated animal used to pull sleds and hunting”.

Physical characteristics

Yakutian Laika
Yakutian Laika

The Yakutian Laika, is an excellent hunting companion, they are not usually very large, its height is of 50 a 60 cm., and the reason of its size due to food, given the hostile climate, Sometimes food was really poor, However in other areas in which the race has developed, its size increases significantly. La expresión de la cara nos deja un aire de astucia mezclado con melancolía.
Vladimir Ilyich Mikhelson was the first to describe the breed Yakutian Laika and differentiated her from other dogs in Northeast Asia.

The Yakutian Laika is a robust, built proportionally, a little tall and slim, the dog of medium size and with highly developed layers of hair, lo cual es suficiente para sobrevivir bajo las duras condiciones del Ártico. The Yakutian Laika is an active dog, the agile, curious, with a friendly and obedient nature, very sociable and nothing aggressive.

Its main purpose is to pull the sled and hunting. It is robust, con huesos y músculos bien desarrollados.
The Yakutian Laika is bold, outgoing, Active, friendly and sociable, an excellent companion but needs freedom, espacio y es muy feliz el climas fríos.

Character and skills

Los perros Yakutian Laika, they live outdoors all year round, in the summer cavan pits in the Earth to keep fresh, or looking for the water trying to get rid of mosquitoes. In winter, They also tend to dig, they seek shelter, hiding under the snow.

Good nutrition and training of Yakutian Laika for transport has always been a main activity of the fishing population.

They are very smart dogs, with a prodigious sense of smell and an exaggerated sense of direction, que sustituye a una brújula, un oído y vista prodigiosos.

All those added to his highly developed survival instinct, they are that they are able to travel in a snow storm, mist, on dark nights and foggy, and find the nearest shelter, If they have been once, enough to register it in your memory. And we think that we are talking about a desert snow, sin puntos de referencia…

Exercises with “Yakutian Laika”

The Yakutian Laika it is a sled dog with a well defined prey. The breed thrives on regular exercise and sufficient training. Con un nivel de energía medio-alto, they love to run alongside a bicycle, do sled or tackle races, or play pickup in the yard. They play well with other dogs they are familiar with., pero desconfían de los perros y las personas extrañas. Usually, heat up quickly, but supervision is a good idea in new situations. The Yakutian Laika they are not suitable for people who cannot spend time with their dogs.

Training “Yakutian Laika”

Train him Yakutian Laika It is quite a pleasant and easy task thanks to his docile nature and sharp intelligence. This dog has a strong penchant for independent thinking, por lo que no seguirá las órdenes del adiestrador a menos que confíe plenamente en él. Pulling a sled is an innate talent of this breed, and does not need much training in this regard.

The Yakutian Laika busca el liderazgo y la guía humana, but does not respond well to corrective training techniques. Work more enthusiastically if the learning process is based on positive reinforcement and tasty treats. Like any other dog, the Yakutian Laika must learn certain rules and norms of decent behavior in human society, so elemental obedience training is imperative.

Grooming

The Yakutian Laika experiences a seasonal shedding that can get out of control if not brushed regularly. Usually, should be brushed weekly to avoid tangles and matting. When a lot comes off, es una buena idea cepillarlo todos los días para evitar que el pelo se pegue a todo. Use un cepillo de púas y un peine de metal cuando se cepille. A tousler or detangler can make your job a little easier too. Since the Yakutian Laika he's a working dog, no need to over-trim their fur. Trim between your foot pads to prevent snow, ice and other debris build up and cause irritation. Their fur naturally repels dirt and is odorless, así que el baño sólo debe hacerse dos o tres veces al año. Trim your nails when necessary, usually every two to three weeks. Limpie sus oídos cada semana como parte de su rutina de aseo.

Videos "Yakutian Laika"

www.YouTube.com/watch?v=Wpz_2UE_OzU
THE YAKUTIAN LAIKA DOG – EARTH’S COLDEST SUPERMODEL

www.YouTube.com/watch?v=jhYMOzm-3WA

YAKUTIAN LAIKA DOG – RUSSIA’S SUPER SLED DOGS

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
  • AKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs


FCI breed standard "Yakutian Laika"

FCIFCI - Yakutian Laika
Laïka

Alternative names:

    1. Yakut Laika, Yakustkaya Laika, Kolyma-Indigirka Laika, Laïka de Iakoutie, Chien de Traîneau de Yakutie, Laika de Yakutia, Kolyma Husky (English).
    2. Yakutian Laika (French).
    3. Kolyma-Indigirka Laika (German).
    4. Laika da Iacútia, (em russo: Якутская лайка) (Portuguese).
    5. Yakut Laika (español).

Siberian Husky
Estados Unidos FCI 270 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

Husky Siberiano

The Siberian Husky is a highly specialized working dog. Running is his passion.

Content

History

Where does he come from Siberian Husky originally?

La historia del Huskys Siberiano está inseparablemente conectada con la vida de la gente del Círculo Polar Ártico. Only with their dogs, that pulled the sleds, they helped in the hunt, provided reliable GPS, los protegían de los osos polares y finalmente los calentaban en las noches frías, la gente de allí se las arreglaba para sobrevivir. However, the Siberian Husky as a modern dog breed it is quite young. Its history began around 1910, and in Alaska the huskies they were bigger and stronger, comparable to current MALAMUTE.

At the sled races a Siberian fur trader appeared with his thin dogs. They were called “Husky“, at that time an expletive for the eskimos. But these dogs won race after race. The polar explorer Roald Amundsen noticed them. Norwegian Leonard Seppala began to reproduce them. His breakthrough came in 1925 when a diphtheria epidemic broke out in the remote city of Name in the middle of the polar winter. En la nieve extremadamente pesada no había manera de pasar. Adults and children died. Así que valientes mushers under Seppala's leadership they decided to bring the salivary serum to more than 1000 kilometers with their sleds of huskies. They gave it their all and the people were saved. A monument was erected on the Central Park in New York in honor of Husky. Incluso hoy en día laGreat Iditarod Sled Race” is still celebrated every year in Name.

The Husky Siberian began his triumphal procession with the people of the sled dogs. He benefited from the fact that mushers querían perros rápidos para distancias cortas, While the inuit dependían de la resistencia y las largas distancias. Hay muchas razas de perros de trineo que varían según la necesidad, as the Husky de Alaska. But only the Siberian Husky is recognized as a breed of dog.

In 1932 se aprobó el estándar que lo define como un perro de trineo de trabajo según la “form for function”. In the USA., breeders started around 1970 to create a Husky para el público en general. Se desarrollaron dos líneas, the Showdog and the Siberian Husky employee.

Popular mixes

Mixes with Siberian Husky they are not rare. But due to the highly specialized nature of this sled dog it is not infrequently problematic.. So it's not uncommon for nervous dogs to emerge, that can also bite.

Physical characteristics

¿Cómo es un “Siberian Husky”?

The Siberian Husky, call Husky To abreviate, it is one of the most original dog breeds. Has an unmistakable appearance. One Husky embodies wildlife, he immediately remembers his father the wolf. In fact, it is one of the dog breeds most closely genetically related to the wolf. Y esto, even though he has been working as a sled dog for over 10.000 años y no ha habido ningún cruce significativo con lobos desde entonces, as shown by genetic investigations from 2020. El estándar oficial de la FCI todavía define al Siberian Husky as:

Medium size working dog, fast, light feet… extremely capable of performing its original task as a sled dog and pulling light loads at moderate speed over long distances.

All colors from black to white are allowed. Lo característico es la estructura de su pelaje con una capa interna muy densa y una capa superior parecida a la piel. As a whole, the Husky reminds of a wolf in appearance, complexion and sometimes in his coat.

One Husky moves with light feet. His walk is unmistakable. It is a special pleasure to see your elegance and power in space while running. However, only one legend says that a black eye belongs to the Husky. Although it is allowed by the rule, still a genetic defect. Inuit have avoided blue eyes, because they reduce your vision in the polar sun.

¿Qué tamaño tiene un “Siberian Husky”?

The height at the withers is between 50 and 60 cm with a weight between 20 and 28 kg.

Características y rasgos

The Husky is a highly specialized working dog. Running is his passion, especially pulling sleds. If you are interested in a Husky, deberías visitar las carreras de perros de trineo en invierno. It is deeply impressive and fascinating. You can feel the extreme tension of the dogs much earlier. When you go to the exit, there is hardly a stop. Like in an explosion, this tension dissolves in the rapid acceleration of the sled, which can then be dragged over dozens of kilometers in a stretch. The Siberian Husky loves this job and needs it too. Esto es un desafío a su postura.

The Husky it is a modern and archaic dog. In his character there is much wolf life although – purely genetically speaking – is not more closely related to him than other dogs. The huskies they are quiet but excellent observers and can, for example, steal a piece of sausage from your plate in an instant and with great precision. They don't make much of a fuss about their actions. A lo sumo antes de una excursión común el temperamento los atraviesa. The huskies they are excellent hunters. To their humans they are friendly and gentle. The Husky he is not a guard dog but is willing to defend his family effectively.

Cuidado, health and diseases

¿Cuánto cuidado necesita un “Siberian Husky”?

The Siberian Husky needs regular grooming, at least weekly. Coat changes, twice a year, they are particularly intense. Then your house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair, even if you brush it daily.

Enfermedades típicas de la raza

The Siberian Husky es una raza muy saludable siempre y cuando no se críe en condiciones extremas. One extreme is the racing huskies, that are only optimized for the sporting success of mushers. Aquí vemos muchas deformaciones de la marcha, thermal balance, the entire cardiovascular system and even the psyche. Partially bad in both directions, lo que se hace de estos perros primitivos extremadamente robustos hoy en día.

¿Qué comida es mejor para un “Siberian Husky”?

The Siberian Husky is often a very picky eater. That is why their diet is often demanding. Of course, this always depends a little on each dog. The mushers tienen recetas secretas con golosinas para proveer a sus perros con suficiente energía antes de las carreras.

Activities

¿Cuánto ejercicio necesita nuestro “Siberian Husky”?

The Siberian Husky de hoy en día se divide en dos tipos como se describe. In both, However, the Husky
authentic still alive. The huskies they want to run. This doesn't just mean an extensive nature walk. Can you feel the essence of a Husky when you experience it at sled dog races. You can only keep one Siberian Husky in a species-appropriate way, if you do a sled sport or its variants for training without snow. Otherwise, you have to give it a lot of activity, all days.

Considerations before purchase

¿Dónde puedes comprar un “Siberian Husky”?

If you are interested in a Siberian Husky, lo primero que debes hacer es comprobar si quieres y puedes pasar al menos los próximos diez años de una vida deportiva común con estos perros. Entonces deberías buscar un criador local de confianza, or in an animal shelter.

Education and maintenance

¿Me conviene un “Siberian Husky”?

The Siberian Husky a dog is not for beginners. You have high demands on your attitude, stemming from your destiny as a sled dog. All of our routines must be tailored to your needs. Esto se aplica especialmente a los perros de las líneas de trabajo. En el caso de las líneas de exhibición destinadas a perros familiares, these requirements are only valid up to a point. Aquí a veces incluso se pueden ver directamente perros acostumbrados a vivir en un apartamento. ¿Pero siguen siendo huskies?

The real Siberian Husky necesita el desafío frente al trineo física y mentalmente. Aquí hay muchas posibilidades incluso sin nieve. We see a kind of sled on wheels like a tricycle or a training car with four tires. Canicross is the name of the discipline in which huskies they pull a runner by the lap belt. In bikejöring they pull a mountain bike, in scooterjöring of a special scooter, in skijöring of a skier. This type of dog sport has something very special. It allows you to experience a deep unity between the man-dog and nature in a way that is otherwise almost impossible..

Ride with a sleigh of Huskies through a snowy landscape in winter is one of the greatest experiences of all. Of course it is also good for your health.

Sporting success should never be sought at the expense of dogs. The Siberian Husky not a dog for an apartment. Lo ideal sería una casa con jardín. The Husky it is one of the few dog breeds that can be kept in a kennel with several dogs. He likes to sleep outside and curls his head under his tail during the heaviest snowfall and enjoys his peace and quiet. El jardín, where to Huskies they like to stay, no debe ser considerado como un jardín ornamental.

The Siberian Husky can be well trained by an experienced dog owner. He is open and honest and likes to work alongside his master or carer, although his “will to please” be limited. No es un socio para ningún tipo de trucos. Only when it comes to pulling a sled are you with all your senses and all your will to do so. Quickly learn to follow the orders of the musher. In daily contact he is trouble free and frugal. Must be used to other pets, especially cats or rabbits, from the puppy, otherwise it sees them as prey.

Breeders list "Siberian Husky"

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Characteristics "Siberian Husky"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Siberian Husky" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


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friendly dog ​​ⓘ


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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

Surveillance ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

joy ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”one”]

Images "Siberian Husky"

[nggallery id=616 template=caption]

Photos:

1 – A black-and-white Siberian Husky with blue eyes by Flickr user Pamela Carls (IrisDragon) / CC BY-SA
2 – Siberian Huskies by Делфина / CC BY-SA
3 – A “Sable”-coloured Siberian Husky by Original photo taken by Flickr user Sue and Marty. Edited by User:Pharaoh Hound / CC BY-SA
4 – Husky Siberiano in Mont-Tremblant, Canada by Ellie Lord ellie_lord / CC0
5 – Five year old female Siberian Husky named Luna by Biowk / CC BY-SA
6 – A head of 3-months old Siberian Husky by MrPanyGoff / CC BY-SA

Videos "Siberian Husky"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
  • AKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • ANKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • CKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • ​KC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • NZKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • UKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs


FCI breed standard "Siberian Husky"

FCIFCI - Siberian Husky
Husky

Alternative names:

    1. Chukcha, Husky, Sibe (English).
    2. Husky sibérien, Husky (French).
    3. Husky (German).
    4. Husky (Portuguese).
    5. Siberian husky, Husky siberiano, Chukcha, Shusha, Keshia, Siberiano (español).

Canadian Eskimo Dog
Canadá FCI 211 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

Esquimal Canadiense

The dog Canadian Eskimo Dog it's a sled dog, the North of Canada natural. Posiblemente este sea uno de los perros más tolerante al frío.

Content

History

Similar to the Hotocho (or Mongolian sheepdog), the Canadian Eskimo (or Qimmiq en inuktitut) it is a very old canine breed, perhaps one of the first to accompany man to this part of the globe, almost ago 4.000 years. Faithful companion of the Inuit people of Thule, was bred and trained to become a tough working dog, able to travel long distances at a steady pace. What's more, your complexion, their excellent sense of smell and intelligence were used to locate the breathing holes of seals for hunting and to protect families from musk oxen and polar bears..

In the Decade of 1920, el esquimal canadiense seguía estrechamente asociado a la cultura inuit, With almost 20.000 Eskimos working alongside men in the northern territories. However, this golden age was not going to last. In effect, the arrival of the snowmobile in the years 60, the massive and systematic killing of Inuit dogs by the Canadian government (officially, por razones de salud pública – unofficially, say some, to intimidate and forcibly assimilate Inuit peoples, eliminando su principal herramienta de trabajo y un símbolo de su cultura), the introduction of new breeds of sled dogs such as the Siberian Husky, así como una cierta vulnerabilidad a las enfermedades que traen estos últimos, are literally decimating purebred Canadian Eskimo populations. In 1963, sólo había un Canadian Eskimo Dog registrado en el libro de cría del Canadian Kennel Club, which then declared the race extinct.

This statement proved premature. However, it did not count on the tenacity of William Carpenter, Bill Thompson, John McGrath (founders of the Research Foundation of the Canadian Eskimo Dog) and Brian Ladoon (breeder and musher, that is to say, sled driver). With government support to preserve Inuit cultural heritage, el cuarteto emprendió una expedición a las regiones más remotas del Ártico canadiense con el objetivo de encontrar ejemplares esquimales canadienses de pura raza. Their efforts paid off and, thanks to the specimens unearthed in the Inuit villages, se puso en marcha un programa de cría. Pocos años después, in 1970, había nada menos que 200 animals. Today, this figure reaches the 300 individuals around the world.

Although the United Kennel Club American recognized the Canadian Eskimo as a race in its own right in 1996, was not up 2018, year in which the breed was recognized by the International Cynological Federationand (FCI) and Central Canine Society, cuando la raza pasó realmente a la primera línea del mundo canino y el público en general y los aficionados ilustrados conocieron no solo las cualidades de este perro, but also the precariousness of its existence.

However, although some specimens have crossed the Atlantic to the United Kingdom, the spread of the breed remains for the time being essentially limited to Canada and the United States, e incluso allí, the breeders of Canadian Eskimo Dog they are still scarce.

Physical characteristics

At first sight, it is clear why the Canadian Eskimo has helped the Inuit people for so long. Strength, power, resistencia y vigor son los primeros adjetivos que vienen a la mente al describir a este perro capaz de realizar un esfuerzo constante en condiciones ambientales difíciles.

The Canadian Eskimo is of medium build, with a strong neck and chest, but with legs of medium height. Con sus huesos y músculos bien definidos, su físico poderoso y majestuoso refleja que es principalmente un perro muy resistente, not very fast. It should be noted in passing that females are slightly smaller and less muscular than males.

It is also interesting to note that the Canadian Eskimo is quickly big enough to work: although it does not reach full maturity until around the 3 years of age, it is capable of transporting loads from the 7 months. Puppies are often described as miniature adults, with the ears upright and upright on the skull and the tail coiled from the third week.

Like most of the Spitz, the head of the Canadian Eskimo is angular and elevated, with straight, thick ears. The eyes are placed at an angle and give the animal a serious attitude. The bushy tail is carried high or curled on the back.

The coat of the Canadian Eskimo It is thick, with a smooth top layer and a dense and uniform wool bottom layer, providing optimal thermal insulation for adverse weather conditions. Esto los convierte en una de las razas de perros más adaptadas al frío. Males also have a long mane that covers the neck and shoulders. Females usually have the shortest upper layer, which contributes to give the impression of a finer animal.

The breed standard does not allow smooth fur. Therefore, the Canadian Eskimo must always have a coat with a combination of colors, without the distribution of one color taking precedence over the others:

  • Completely white fur with pigmentation around the eyes, on the nose and lips (is not an albino);
  • white coat with only a very small amount of red, buff (including cinnamon shading), gray or black around the ears and eyes;
  • white coat with red markings, beige, cinnamon, gray or black around the ears and eyes, or the head completely marked with these colors, sometimes with small spots of the same color on the body, usually around the hips or on the flank;
  • Red and white, or buff and white, or cinnamon and white, or black and white, with a distribution to 50% of each of the two colors in the different parts of the body;
  • red or beige or cinnamon, with white on the chest and/or on the legs and lower part of the body;
  • Sabre body or black or dark gray, with white on the chest and/or on the legs, under the body, occasionally extended to the neck like a gola;
  • silvery grey or greyish white fur;

Brown bottom layer and black top layer.

The white mask shaded around the eyes and/or around the nose, with or without dots above the eyes, es una característica física común en los perros con un color bien definido en la cabeza. Very rarely, the dots above the eyes, así como las marcas de las mejillas, can be buff-colored, adding a third color to a normally bicolored dog.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 58 a 70 cm.
▷ female size: 50 a 60 cm.
▷ Male weight: 30-40 kg
▷ female weight: 18-30 kg

Character and skills

The character of Canadian Eskimo reflects the harsh environmental conditions in which he lives and the work that dots his daily life. Therefore, it is closer to the wild animal domesticated by the tribal peoples in a logic of labor collaboration than to a real pet overflowing with affection for its master. Intelligent, brave, but always on guard, so sometimes it may seem distant.

This does not prevent this dog from being gentle and affectionate with his family, or express a friendly curiosity towards strangers your family welcomes. But moderation remains the key word for him.. The Canadian Eskimo rarely celebrates his master, although he does not hesitate to ask for a caress as a sign of recognition. As a pack dog, is fiercely loyal to his master, al que considera el líder del clan, and is less distant with it. Cuidado con quien muestre signos de animosidad hacia este líder: the Canadian Eskimo it will quickly remind you of the meaning of the word respect, with many grunts.

The herds of Canadian Eskimo have a reputation for being very organized. From time to time some fights and scratches may occur, pero no es un signo de lucha seria o de rebelión contra el líder establecido.

What's more, unlike many recent dog breeds, the Canadian Eskimo has retained a very sharp hunting instinct. El más mínimo estímulo, either the food, the start of a game or a fight, gives rise to a quick and very enthusiastic response by this dog. In fact, this dog is more suitable for a family of adults and should never be left with children, ya que esto podría provocar lesiones involuntarias. You can live with dogs that do not belong to your herd, but with some reservations, since he tends to regard any animal smaller than him as a prey to devour rather than as a companion with whom to live. The cats, rodents and small dogs will be tested if they have to cohabit with it.

Last, as an outdoor dog par excellence, que aprecia las temperaturas frías y prefiere dormir al aire libre si se le da la oportunidad, the Canadian Eskimo is not at all a breed of dog adapted to a floor. Necesitan pasar muchas horas al aire libre cada día para mantener su forma física y mental. Sporty and hyperactive dog, used to pulling sleds, the ideal for him is to have a master as tough as him. In other words, it is a perfect companion for those who want to practice cani-rando, cani-mountain biking, ski jöering, canikart… Sin una actividad física a la altura de sus capacidades, becomes a destructive and/or aggressive dog.

Last, being a very intelligent dog, is the king of escapes and mischief. There is no delicate plant or reinforced fence that resists it. If you have decided to be a runaway dog, será muy difícil detenerlo.

Health

The Canadian Eskimo tiene unas excelentes disposiciones físicas que lo hacen resistente a muchas de las enfermedades genéticas que suelen darse en perros de razas similares.

However, although they are a force of nature in their natural environment, are more susceptible to parasites and skin diseases that develop in warmer temperatures. Thus, it's important not to forget dog vaccine reminders, and give regular preventive treatment against ticks and fleas.

What's more, like many Nordic dogs, has predisposition to the following diseases:

– Hip Dysplasia
– waterfalls
– Arthritis;
Torsión gástrica;
– entropion.

Life expectancy

10 – 15 years

Characteristics "Canadian Eskimo Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Canadian Eskimo Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


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friendly dog ​​ⓘ


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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
  • CKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs


FCI breed standard "Canadian Eskimo Dog"

FCIFCI - Canadian Eskimo Dog
Esquimal

Alternative names:

    1. Canadian Inuit Dog, Qimmiq, Canadian Husky (English).
    2. Inuit canadien, Qimmiq (French).
    3. Canadian Eskimo Dog (German).
    4. (em inglês: Canadian Eskimo Dog), Qimmiq (Portuguese).
    5. (español).

Alaskan Husky
Estados UnidosNot recognized by the FCI . Nordic Sledge Dogs

Alaskan Husky

Alaskan - Autor de la foto: siva_lovehorses (flickr).

The Alaskan Husky is an athletic and generally healthy dog., specializes in sledding.

Content

Characteristics "Alaskan Husky"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Alaskan Husky" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ


[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

friendly dog ​​ⓘ


[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

hair loss ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”four”]

Affection level ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”five”]

Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

[site_reviews_summary hide=bars,rating category=”three”]

Alaskan Husky history

Catalogado no tanto como raza canina como un tipo o categoría de perro. No existen características fijas de pedigrí, but rather for the purpose, it is to be a very efficient sled dog.

The origin of this dog is Alaska and Canada. These fully domesticated dogs came thousands of years ago. Today, the Alaskan sled dogs They can be crossed, type Husky, or a combination of several. También varían en tamaño y constitución en función del uso del perro, to compete or work.

Sled drivers usually distinguish between Alaskan Husky and crossbreeding, in an informal way, así que es posible que este tipo de perro tenga un grado de apariencia de perro del norte.

Most of the Alaskan Husky have pointed ears, qualifying, in fact, as spitz type dogs.

There are some specializations within this type, as the Mackenzie River Husky or the MALAMUTE, the Alaskan of Sprint as the Eurohound, or distance.

It must be borne in mind that in sledge racing championships, These dogs can come with loaded sledges to the 30 km/h y que se corre durante tres días a razón de entre 30 a 50 km daily.

The Alaskan They are valued for their toughness and resistance. They earn an average speed of 31 km/h.

Características físicas Alaskan Husky

This type of dogs, at least those that are used to speed racing, are of moderate size, with an average 21 a 25 kg for the males and 17 a 19 kg for the females.

The eyes They can be any color, many are blue. The eyes blues are not considered an essential feature of this race. The fur It has two layers, short hair and of medium length, Although not much, and usually less dense than pure breed of the North, the length of the shortest layer is governed by the need for an effective heat dissipation during races.

Athletic and generally, healthy. Its Life expectancy is usually between 10 a 15 years.

Character and skills

They tend to vary greatly in personality both in colour and appearance. However, in general terms, They are very affectionate dogs, to live with other dogs and humans.

These dogs they are not suited to a lifestyle of urban apartments, that they need a constant source of exercise, y debido a su resistencia increíble, It seems that they never tire. It is an adventurous and tends to be very quiet in the car rides. These dogs are happy to live outside or inside the home of its owners, But if he leaves out, no es recomendable si tienen un césped perfecto…, are amateur digging wells

His hair tends to be self-cleaned just like a Mally or a Siberian Husky, which is why they need less frequent baths, In addition, they do not usually smell. They have a season of hair shedding in the spring and, Unlike in the Siberians, Malamutes or German shepherds, they may not leave large quantities of hair around the House all year round.

Nothing is impossible obstacles to this type of dogs, that they tend to go up to almost two metres away the sitting position. Si bien la natación no es su fuerte, they tend to show any resistance or fear of the water and you can train and motivate them to make them good swimmers. Usually very good vision and sense of smell, which it makes them very good hunters.

Imágenes Alaskan Husky

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Vídeos Alaskan Husky

Type and recognitions:

  • Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • They are not recognized by the AKC, nor by the FCI

Alternative names

    1. Alaskan Husky (English).
    2. Alaskan Husky, Alaskan (French).
    3. Alaskan Husky (German).
    4. Alaskan Husky (Portuguese).
    5. Alaskan Husky (español).