Rusia FCI 212 . Nordic Sledge Dogs


The Samoyed, Although it may seem a teddy, It is a true athlete who needs exercise daily.



Where does he come from Samoyed originally?

The Samoyed is the archetype of a dog from the far north. It belongs to the archetypes of the dog in general. The Samoyed it is one of the oldest dog breeds. Type dogs Samoyed have accompanied the peoples of Siberia for thousands of years. The Samoyeds (or nenets) son varios pueblos indígenas que han vivido durante miles de años en toda Siberia hasta el Océano Ártico. La mayoría viven como nómadas y siguen las manadas de renos salvajes o semisalvajes. Their dogs have different tasks. They pull the sleds with the household goods or with the hunters for the hunt. They pull the boats over the snow into open water. They help with the reindeer herds. They guard and protect people as if they were herds.

They defied death even when facing the polar bear, the world's largest land predator. The Samoyeds provide an excellent navigation system that makes its way through icy deserts even in fog or snow storms, avoiding cracks and ice holes. They often sleep in the tents of the Samoyedos. They keep each other warm. Así que no es sorprendente que los pueblos Samoyeds tengan una relación extremadamente íntima con sus perros, and not only because their existence in the far north depends on these dogs.

The Countess Aga von Hagen reports in his book on dog breeds from 1933 that the “Samoyed Spitz” was treated as a sacred dog in his homeland and that no family Samoyed voluntarily separated from his dogs. On the other hand, the Countess explains that the Samoyed Spitz, through this close connection, show a “alto desarrollo de las características mentales a pesar de su ferocidad”. Was not up 2017 that a report by Russian archaeologists was published, que habían encontrado restos de 9000 años de antigüedad de diez perros en Siberia. En el permafrost estos estaban tan bien conservados que podían ser examinados de cerca y clasificados como perros de trineo.

Only in 1889 el inglés Ernest Kilburn-Scott managed to import the first Samoyeds from Siberia. Así que estos perros entraron en la cría moderna de perros con pedigrí. Immediately one turned to their outer appearances. El color blanco se elevó como una característica de un Samoyed basically arbitrarily to standard. At that moment, like today, se and take Samoyed original in many colors, only rarely in pure white. To impose the pure white color, la endogamia se llevó a cabo de acuerdo con este dudoso criterio y así se perdió gran parte del carácter real y la extrema robustez del Samoyed. What's more, la base de cría ya era muy pequeña de todos modos, porque los pueblos siberianos eran reacios a renunciar a sus perros para la cría en Inglaterra.

Finally, en la década de 1950 they also crossed the original line, these being very different in character and, if you look closely, also in appearance. Although the Samoyed actual de la cría europea ha perdido gran parte del carácter original del verdadero perro de Siberia, still an original breed. The most exciting thing about him is that he shows at the same time a close connection with humans. Not without reason, the Samoyed is one of the founders of other breeds of dogs such as the Eurasian. The first standard for Samoyed it was created in 1909, in 1913 was recognized in England. The FCI, Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized her in 1959.

Physical characteristics

Males tend to have more size females usually weigh between 20 and 32,5 kg, while females usually weigh between 17 and 25 kg.

The eyes of the Samoyed they are usually black or brown, and slanting. The nose or truffle must be well developed and preferably black. En algunas épocas del año puede aclararse dando lugar a la comúnmente llamada “nose in winter”. Some other factors such as age or climate can clarify it, but it is important to always keep the edges of black. Por lo contrario significaría una obligada visita veterinaria.

The ears they should be thick and completely covered with hair, form triangular, and upright. En la mayoría de los casos son blancas, but occasionally they can be Brown clear (known as color “cookie”).

The tail of the Samoyed it is one of the most distinctive features of this breed. As the Mally, the tail hanging hook-shaped on his back; However, and unlike the Malamute, the tail of Samoyed touches back and leans over, slightly, on one side and must not be a very closed hook or in the form of “flag”.

En climas fríos, some Samoyed sleep with their tails over their noses to provide additional protection. Most of the Samoyed, They allow the tail to fall when they are relaxed, but they back to its original position when they are alert.

The Samoyed, they have a dense double coat of hair. The top layer has a dense, straight and thick hair, It seems the white but it has some dyes of silver. This top layer keeps the Undercoat relatively clean and free of debris. The bottom layer is a soft, dense and short hair that keeps the dog warm.

The bottom layer is changed from one to two times a year, process known as shedding of hair. This in no way means that they move hair only on these occasions, year-round fine hair it is moved and replaced, el cual –habitualmente- sticking it on your clothes or simply air fleet.

The Samoyed standard can have a mix of color White and biscuit, Although dogs completely white or completely color cookie are not rare. Males are generally longer than females fur.

The Samoyed, son buenos aseándose a sí mismos, not too many baths still needed. La suciedad por lo general cae fácilmente de las capas exteriores de pelo, making the dog show clean.

The hair of the puppies is more porous, so it is easier to you manche with the grass and mud if they are long time outdoors. El aspecto del cepillado es más difícil, that by their thick fur in some areas like the back of the ears tend to tangle is if not brushes weekly.

The Samoyed will require that, cut the hair that grows between their feet bearing, pero con esta excepción el resto puede permanecer así, course.

Except for reasons medical or hair is extremely entangled, it is not recommended that the Samoyed be shaved, ya que su pelo actúa como un aislante tanto del frío como del calor moderado, in addition to protecting fair skin from Samoyed before burns by the rays of the sun.

Una característica importante de esta raza es que casi no presentan el olor característico a perro, making them good dogs live indoors. The lack of dander, as well, makes them hypoallergenic.

The thick layer of hair can make you feel uncomfortable in the summer in locations where the climate is warm, donde prefieren los interiores pues el aire es más frío. Su pelo también actúa como un repelente natural contra piojos y garrapatas.

When moving the hair, la mayoría de la capa exterior cae y es reemplazada, the old man can fall into large bundles, leaving hollow spaces in extreme cases. You can brush the hair, with a metal comb, with which we can speed up the process of moving and help the Samoyed to regain your appearance more quickly. Brushing frequently help him is not enrede.

Give a bath to Samoyed it's a long process, pues el pelo es casi “a prueba de agua”, por lo que tomará tiempo que esté completamente húmedo y luego completamente mojado. The hair Samoyed debe secarse con aire forzado y frío (using a hair dryer), pues el agua puede quedar atrapada en la capa inferior de pelo espeso haciendo difícil que se evapore.

It is important that you rinse well, ya que el champú o jabón remanente puede llevar a una infección por hongos, de difícil eliminación sin tener que rapar el área afectada. To keep the hair from Samoyed Radiant, brushing and a healthy diet may not be disparaged.

¿Qué tamaño tiene un “Samoyed”?

The samoyed have a height at the withers of about 57 centímetros en los machos y 53 centímetros en las hembras. Weight is not prescribed by the standard, but it is usually between 18 and 30 kg.

¿Cuanto puede vivir un “Samoyed”?

One Samoyed healthy can reach the 12 years and more, y esto con una buena condición física.

Character and skills

The provision of play of the Samoyed makes it a dog not recommended as a guardian; a Samoyed aggressive is very rare. However, con su tendencia a ladrar pueden ser perros vigías diligentemente, barking when something or someone approaches their territory.

The Samoyed, they are one excelente compañía, especially for small children or even other dogs, remaining also playful until advanced age. The Samoyed, as well, they are known to be somewhat fools en ocasiones y difíciles de entrenar por su falta de diligencia y no por falta de inteligencia, so it must be persuaded obey orders which are given.

His inheritance by pulling sleds, the Samoyed, has no problems to pull objects, and Samoyed who has not been trained has no problem with dragging his owner on the leash when they take him out for a walk instead of walking beside him.

Running is a special passion of the samoyed, more precisely: pull sleds. If you are interested in a Samoyed, definitivamente deberías visitar las carreras de perros de trineo en invierno. It is deeply impressive and fascinating.

You can feel the extreme tension of the dogs much earlier in the field of Musher. When you go to the exit, there is hardly a stop. Like in an explosion, this tension of these rather heavy looking dogs dissolves in the acceleration of the sled. The strength of Samoyed it's not your speed, but its unusual resistance.

Instintivamente actúan como perros de pastoreo, so when playing, especially with children, they tend to try to guide them.

This breed is characterized by its expression alert and smiling, What has earned him the nickname of “smile of “Samoyed”” or “smiling dog“. They have great vitality, which is why, bien cuidados retienen su juventud y ese espíritu jovial hasta su vejez. Their average lifespan is of 12 a 18 years, Although some can live a little longer.

As a working breed, they have an excellent resistance and without daily exercise, they become bored and/or depressed they, that can lead to it barking excessively, destroyed or have a worthy of a master of escape behavior. While they are healthy dogs they have tendency to certain diseases.

Cuidado, health and diseases

The Samoyed para la cría de exhibición se ve afectado por numerosas enfermedades hereditarias debido a la cría unilateral en apariencia exterior y la muy pequeña base de cría de hoy en día. You should avoid parenting, that values ​​the exhibition championships.

¿Cuánto cuidado necesita un “Samoyed”?

The lush double coat of the Samoyed needs regular care. Especially during the coat change in spring and summer, his house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair even though our Samoyed brush daily.

¿Qué comida es mejor para un “Samoyed”?
The Samoyed you have no special requirements in your diet. Como a la mayoría de los perros le gusta un hueso de carne de vacuno carnoso y carne fresca. The Samoyed it is very suitable for barbecues.

Activities with your “Samoyed”

¿Cuánto ejercicio necesita un Samoyed?

With a Samoyed you can do winter sports very well, ideally as a sled dog. The Samoyed needs an appropriate workload for each species.

Considerations before purchase

¿Dónde puedes comprar un “Samoyed”?

If you are interested in a Samoyed, the first thing you should do is visit some sled dog races. Aquí puedes experimentar el corazón de estos perros en vivo. Entonces debería obtener información de un criador local que no cría Samoyed plush for exhibition. El criador debería haber examinado a sus perros por los riesgos especiales de enfermedades hereditarias. This is a natural in serious parenting.. What's more, there should be no inbreeding, que se puede estimar mirando el pedigrí, si no aparece ningún nombre allí dos veces. The breeder must have his litter well documented by photo. Deberías poder ver la camada junto con la madre perra, after the fix, in the place. Please, no compre Samoyedos by Internet, because there is a high risk that the puppy comes from a seller or breeder of dogs, normally well camouflaged.

Education and maintenance of a “Samoyed”

The Samoyed easy to train and guide, but it is not a dog for beginners. You have high demands on your attitude, derived from its destiny as an original working and sled dog. Así que necesita mucha ocupación y actividades, ideally in the sport of sledding.

If you don't exercise and are even left alone without a deep connection to your family, can become a nervous and upset dog, que incluso puede destrozar el apartamento o el jardín.

The Samoyed not a dog for a flat or the big city. Lo ideal sería una casa con jardín. To the Samoyed they like to sleep outside and roll their head under their tail even in the biggest snowstorm. El jardín, where do these dogs stay, no debe ser un jardín ornamental.

The luxurious coat of the Samoyed needs regular care. Especially during the change of layer in spring and summer an intensive grooming is indicated. Then the house, the car and clothes will be full of her long hair even if you brush it daily. Aquí no hay que ser quisquilloso. In the car, it is best to transport it in a box from a specialized store.

The Samoyed can be trained very well by an experienced owner. You have to accept the challenge, It even has to motivate you to fight mentally with this original and confident race. They will gladly accept their masters or caregivers, will be loyal to them, but they have to demonstrate leadership qualities combined with a lot of knowledge of the breed. Tienes que estar completamente involucrado en la experiencia con estos típicos perros nórdicos, rústicos.

Through a gentle but disciplined upbringing, a Samoyed must be aware of its position in the ranking as early as puppy age. There should be no question who determines the rules of the house.

Characteristics "Samoyed"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Samoyed" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images “Samoyed”

Videos “Samoyed”

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
  • AKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • ANKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • CKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • ​KC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • NZKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
  • UKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs

FCI breed standard "Samoyed"

FCIFCI - Samoyed

Alternative names:

    1. Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya, Sobaka, Smiley, Sammy (English).
    2. SAMOYEDE (French).
    3. Samojedenhund, Samojedenspitz (German).
    4. Samoieda, Samoiedo (Portuguese).
    5. Samoiedskaya Sobaka, Nenetskaya Laika, Samoiedskaïa Sabaka (español).
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