Samoyed
Rusia FCI 212 . Nordic Sledge Dogs

Samoyedo

The Samoyed, Although it may seem a teddy, It is a true athlete who needs exercise daily.

Content

History

Where does he come from Samoyed originally?

The Samoyed is the archetype of a dog from the far north. It belongs to the archetypes of the dog in general. The Samoyed it is one of the oldest dog breeds. Type dogs Samoyed have accompanied the peoples of Siberia for thousands of years. The Samoyeds (or nenets) are various indigenous peoples who have lived for thousands of years throughout Siberia to the Arctic Ocean. Most live as nomads and follow the herds of wild or semi-wild reindeer. Their dogs have different tasks. They pull the sleds with the household goods or with the hunters for the hunt. They pull the boats over the snow into open water. They help with the reindeer herds. They guard and protect people as if they were herds.

They defied death even when facing the polar bear, the world's largest land predator. The Samoyeds provide an excellent navigation system that makes its way through icy deserts even in fog or snow storms, avoiding cracks and ice holes. They often sleep in the tents of the Samoyedos. They keep each other warm. So it is not surprising that peoples Samoyeds have an extremely intimate relationship with their dogs, and not only because their existence in the far north depends on these dogs.

The Countess Aga von Hagen reports in his book on dog breeds from 1933 that the “Samoyed Spitz” was treated as a sacred dog in his homeland and that no family Samoyed voluntarily separated from his dogs. On the other hand, the Countess explains that the Samoyed Spitz, through this close connection, show a “high development of mental characteristics despite their ferocity”. Was not up 2017 that a report by Russian archaeologists was published, who had found remains of 9000 years old ten dogs in Siberia. In the permafrost these were so well preserved that they could be closely examined and classified as sled dogs.

Only in 1889 English Ernest Kilburn-Scott managed to import the first Samoyeds from Siberia. So these dogs entered modern pedigree dog breeding. Immediately one turned to their outer appearances. The white color rose as a characteristic of a Samoyed basically arbitrarily to standard. At that time, like today, se and take Samoyed original in many colors, only rarely in pure white. To impose the pure white color, inbreeding was carried out according to this dubious criterion and thus much of the real character and extreme robustness of the Samoyed. In addition, the breeding base was already very small anyway, because Siberian peoples were reluctant to give up their dogs for breeding in England.

At last, in the Decade of 1950 they also crossed the original line, these being very different in character and, if you look closely, also in appearance. Although the Samoyed current European breeding has lost much of the original character of the true Siberian dog, still an original breed. The most exciting thing about him is that he shows at the same time a close connection with humans. Not without reason, the Samoyed is one of the founders of other breeds of dogs such as the Eurasian. The first standard for Samoyed it was created in 1909, in 1913 was recognized in England. The FCI, Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized her in 1959.

Physical characteristics

Males tend to have more size females usually weigh between 20 and 32,5 kg, while females usually weigh between 17 and 25 kg.

The eyes samoyeds are usually black or brown, and slanting. The nose or truffle must be well developed and preferably black. At some times of the year you can clarify giving rise to the commonly call “nose in winter”. Some other factors such as age or climate can clarify it, but it is important to always keep the edges of black. On the contrary it would mean a veterinary visit.

The ears they should be thick and completely covered with hair, form triangular, and upright. In most cases they are white, but occasionally they can be Brown clear (known as color “cookie”).

The tail the samoyed is one of the traits most distinctive of this breed. As the Mally, the tail hanging hook-shaped on his back; However, and unlike the Malamute, the Samoyed tail touches the back and tilts, slightly, on one side and must not be a very closed hook or in the form of “flag”.

In cold climates, some Samoyed sleep with their tails on the nose to provide additional protection. The majority of the Samoyed, They allow the tail to fall when they are relaxed, but they back to its original position when they are alert.

The Samoyed, they have a dense double coat of hair. The top layer has a dense, straight and thick hair, It seems the white but it has some dyes of silver. This top layer keeps the Undercoat relatively clean and free of debris. The bottom layer is a soft, dense and short hair that keeps the dog warm.

The bottom layer is changed from one to two times a year, process known as shedding of hair. This in no way means that they move hair only on these occasions, year-round fine hair it is moved and replaced, which - usually- sticking it on your clothes or simply air fleet.

The standard Samoyed may have a mixture of color White and biscuit, Although dogs completely white or completely color cookie are not rare. Males are generally longer than females fur.

The Samoyed, they are good to aseando themselves, not too many baths still needed. Dirt typically falls easily from the outer layers of hair, making the dog show clean.

The hair of the puppies is more porous, so it is easier to you manche with the grass and mud if they are long time outdoors. The aspect of brushing is more difficult, that by their thick fur in some areas like the back of the ears tend to tangle is if not brushes weekly.

The Samoyed will require that, cut the hair that grows between their feet bearing, but with this exception the rest can stay so, course.

Except for reasons medical or hair is extremely entangled, It is not recommended that the Samoyed is shaved, If your hair acts as both the cold and moderate heat insulation, In addition to that protects the skin of the Samoyed Burns by the rays of the Sun.

An important feature of this breed is hardly to present the characteristic odor to dog, making them good dogs live indoors. The lack of dander, also, makes them hypoallergenic.

The thick layer of hair can make you feel uncomfortable in the summer in locations where the climate is warm, where prefer the Interior because the air is colder. The coat also acts as a natural repellent against lice and ticks.

When moving the hair, most of the outer layer falls and is replaced, the old man can fall into large bundles, leaving hollow spaces in extreme cases. You can brush the hair, with a metal comb, so we can accelerate the process of molting and help the Samoyed to regain its appearance more quickly. Brushing frequently help him is not enrede.

Take a bath to the Samoyed is a long process, because the hair is almost "water proof", so it will take time that is completely wet and then completely wet. Samoyed hair should be dry with forced and cold air (using a hair dryer), because the water can become trapped in the bottom layer of hair thick making it difficult to evaporate.

It is important that you rinse well, Since shampoo or SOAP remnant can lead to infection by fungi, difficult removal without having to shave the affected area. To keep the hair of the radiant Samoyed, brushing and a healthy diet may not be disparaged.

How big is a Samoyed?

The samoyed have a height at the withers of about 57 cm in males and 53 centimeters in females. Weight is not prescribed by the standard, but it is usually between 18 and 30 kg.

How long can a Samoyed live?

A healthy Samoyed can reach 12 years and more, and this with a good physical condition.

Character and skills

The provision of play the Samoyed does a not recommended dog as guardian; an aggressive Samoyed is rare. However, with their tendency to bark can be dog watches diligently, barking when something or someone approaches their territory.

The Samoyed, they are one excellent company, especially for small children or even other dogs, remaining also playful until advanced age. The Samoyed, also, they are known to be somewhat fools sometimes difficult to train due to their lack of diligence and not for lack of intelligence, so it must be persuaded obey orders which are given.

His inheritance by pulling sleds, the Samoyed, has no problems to pull objects, and a Samoyed that has not been trained has no problems drag its owner with the wrist strap when you get to ride instead of walk at your side.

Running is a special passion of the samoyed, more precisely: pull sleds. If you are interested in a Samoyed, you should definitely visit the sled dog races in winter. It is deeply impressive and fascinating.

You can feel the extreme tension of the dogs much earlier in the field of Musher. When you go to the exit, there is hardly a stop. Like in an explosion, this tension of these rather heavy looking dogs dissolves in the acceleration of the sled. The strength of the Samoyeds is not their speed, but its unusual resistance.

Instinctively act as herding dogs, so when playing, especially with children, they tend to try to guide them.

This breed is characterized by its expression alert and smiling, What has earned him the nickname of “Samoyed smile” or “smiling dog“. They have great vitality, which is why, well care retain her youth and that youthful spirit until his old age. Their average lifespan is of 12 a 18 years, Although some can live a little longer.

As a working breed, they have an excellent resistance and without daily exercise, they become bored and/or depressed they, that can lead to it barking excessively, destroyed or have a worthy of a master of escape behavior. While they are healthy dogs they have tendency to certain diseases.

Care, health and diseases

The Samoyed for show breeding is affected by numerous hereditary diseases due to one-sided breeding in outward appearance and today's very small breeding base. You should avoid parenting, that values ​​the exhibition championships.

How much care does a Samoyed need?

The Samoyed's lush double coat needs regular grooming. Especially during the coat change in spring and summer, his house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair even though our Samoyed brush daily.

What food is better for a Samoyed?
The Samoyed does not have any special requirements in its diet. How most dogs like a meaty beef bone and fresh meat. The Samoyed is very suitable for barbecues.

Activities with your Samoyed

How much exercise does a samoyed?

With a Samoyed you can do winter sports very well, ideally as a sled dog. The Samoyed needs an appropriate workload for each species.

Considerations before purchase

Where can you buy a Samoyed?

If you are interested in a Samoyed, the first thing you should do is visit some sled dog races. Here you can experience the heart of these dogs live. Then you should get information from a local breeder who does not breed stuffed Samoyeds for show.. The breeder should have examined their dogs for special risks of inherited diseases. This is a natural in serious parenting.. In addition, there should be no inbreeding, that can be estimated by looking at the pedigree, if no name appears there twice. The breeder must have his litter well documented by photo. You should be able to see the litter together with the mother bitch, after the fix, in the place. Please, Do not buy Samoyedos by Internet, because there is a high risk that the puppy comes from a seller or breeder of dogs, normally well camouflaged.

Education and maintenance of a Samoyed

The Samoyed easy to train and guide, but it is not a dog for beginners. You have high demands on your attitude, derived from its destiny as an original working and sled dog. So you need a lot of occupation and activities, ideally in the sport of sledding.

If you don't exercise and are even left alone without a deep connection to your family, can become a nervous and upset dog, that can even destroy the apartment or the garden.

The Samoyed not a dog for a flat or the big city. The ideal would be a house with a garden. To the samoyed they like to sleep outside and roll their head under their tail even in the biggest snowstorm. The garden, where do these dogs stay, should not be an ornamental garden.

The luxurious coat of the samoyed needs regular care. Especially during the change of layer in spring and summer an intensive grooming is indicated. Then the house, the car and clothes will be full of her long hair even if you brush it daily. You don't have to be picky here. In the car, it is best to transport it in a box from a specialized store.

The Samoyed can be trained very well by an experienced owner. You have to accept the challenge, It even has to motivate you to fight mentally with this original and confident race. They will gladly accept their masters or caregivers, will be loyal to them, but they have to demonstrate leadership qualities combined with a lot of knowledge of the breed. You have to be fully involved in the experience with these typical Nordic dogs, rustic.

Through a gentle but disciplined upbringing, a samoyed must be aware of its position in the ranking as early as puppy age. There should be no question who determines the rules of the house.

Ratings of the Samoyed

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Samoyed” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Samoyed pictures

Videos of the Samoyed

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • ANKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • CKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • ​KC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • NZKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • UKC – Nordic Sledge Dogs

    FCI standard of the Samoyed breed

    Samoyed FCI Samoyed FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya, Sobaka, Smiley, Sammy (English).
      2. SAMOYEDE (French).
      3. Samojedenhund, Samojedenspitz (German).
      4. Samoieda, Samoiedo (Portuguese).
      5. Samoiedskaya Sobaka, Nenetskaya Laika, Samoiedskaïa Sabaka (Spanish).

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