Pyrenean Mountain Dog
Francia España FCI 137 - Molossoid . Mountain

Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean mountain dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims.

Content

History

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is an ancient watchdog of the mountainous world of the Pyrenees. There it is officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées. The people of the Pyrenees call him the cute little one Patou. The pyrenees, like a vast, deserted and rugged, previously inaccessible mountain range, form the natural border between France and Spain. Here there were and there are wolves and bears, with the consequent problem for ranchers. In addition, sheep used to be one of the few livelihoods of the people here. While in Germany and other Central European countries people mourn the return of the wolf and complain about the damage caused to hunting and herds of sheep, in the Pyrenees dogs such as the Patou from time immemorial. And there are no complaints. Guard dogs are an integral part of every flock of sheep in the Pyrenees mountains.

On the French side, they are officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées or Pyrenäenberghund, on the Spanish side Perro de montaña de los Pirineos or Gran Pirineo. In addition to protecting herds against thieves, wolves and bears, also protected the great properties. His powerful figure, his determination and ability to attack in an emergency were not without effect. The impression must have been so long-lasting that his work was already documented in writings of antiquity and the Middle Ages. Dogs reportedly would have recognized people from afar for their clothing. In 1391 it is said that the Count of Foix did a test. If he came dressed as a tramp, the dogs attacked him from afar without hesitation. If he came dressed as an earl, he wasn't bothered.

The Patou was not a uniform race in the past. In the very remote valleys there were often local races, genetically isolated, optimized for your job task naturally, but in the end the same dogs came out with a very similar appearance and character, although they could have been genetically separated for generations. Extremely harsh living conditions obviously outweighed the disadvantages of inbreeding. Modern pedigree dog breeding became interested in these impressive dogs very soon. Already at the first dog show in France, in 1863, a separate class was established for the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.

An attempt was made to establish the Patou also outside the Pyrenees as a watchdog and protection. In 1907 the first standard was established in France. However, due to the two world wars and the associated famine, the population of Patou outside the mountains suffered serious setbacks. In 1955 obtained the official recognition of the FCI – Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

Physical characteristics

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a big dog, imposing, powerful and at the same time athletic and agile. Doesn't seem clumsy or massive, but rather elegant piecework. It has a medium length coat, very dense and flexible, which can be slightly wavy. The bottom layer is also very dense. To the colors that the official standard says:

White or white with gray spots (badger gray or wolf gray), pale yellow or orange (rusty) in the head, ears and base of tail, sometimes also in the body.

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it has a majestic height at the withers 70 and 80 centimeters in males and of 65 to 75 in females. The weight must be between 60 and 70 kg. The measurements are quite similar to those taken by the Conde de Bylandt when he first described the breed in 1897, when he just called the dogs “Chien des Pyréneés“. The head of the Patou remember the contours of a molosser. Shows a very alert and attentive facial expression. It is a dog that rests on itself, who first of all observes everything, seemingly listless. This is underlined by his eyes, they're supposed to be sweet and dreamy, with its dark amber color.

Character and skills

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims. He looks cute and calm looking, sublime and imposing almost like a blank teddy bear, but you must not be wrong. It has a strong character combined with a very own but clear idea of ​​how it should behave – and the others in their domain. This idea is naturally shaped by its use throughout the centuries, where he had to defend his flock to life or death as a guard without the presence of the shepherd and, therefore, had to make decisions independently. The official standard classifies his character qualities as follows:

Since the dog was used exclusively to protect herds against attacks by predators, his selection for breeding was based on his suitability as a keeper, their respectable appearance and also their relationship with the herd. The resulting characteristics are strength and agility, as well as the sweetness and attachment to their protégés. This watchdog has a tendency to independence and initiative, which requires some authority from his master.

A Pyrenean Mountain Dog should only be held by an experienced and mentally strong person. First of all, not a family dog. However, it can become so if you have extremely competent guidance from your master or caretaker and if the external conditions are right. Only then can he be a good family dog ​​and lovingly protect all members of the family., including other four-legged friends. In addition, is a good guardian and extremely reliable protector of the house and all those who, in your opinion -which should be clarified-, belong to it. Towards strangers he is suspicious.

Attitude

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it is extremely undemanding in its maintenance – if one ignores the aforementioned restrictions due to its nature as a watchdog. It is undemanding in its nutrition as well as in its accommodation. You can spend the whole year outside without problems – as long as you have a suitable hiding place and “suitable” does not mean neither kennel nor chain, because he must be able to move in his territory. This large, self-confident dog is quite sensitive and attaches great importance to a close emotional bond with his human family.. You need a trusting relationship with your master or caregiver.

Thanks to modern pedigree dog breeding, the Patou is better prepared for a big city life than other herd protection dog breeds like the Kangal or the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. So if you have a large, well-fenced property in the country, if you have joy, fun, experience and the possibility of getting involved with these dogs, you can experience a particularly impressive and beautiful facet of the human-dog association.

Pyrenean Mountain Dog Education

The education of Pyrenean Mountain Dog belongs to the hands of a teacher or lover with deep experience and canine knowledge. Like any other race, Pyrenean mountain dogs must be well socialized and educated since they are puppies. It would be irresponsible to want to keep a dog as well as a beginner.

Care and health of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Absolutely easy to care for and undemanding. The Pyrenean Mountain Dog generally enjoys very robust health. Some health problems may include hip dysplasia; heart problems like dysplasia of the tricuspid valve; cancers like osteosarcoma (bone cancer); eye problems such as persistent pupil membranes, progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts; dissecting osteochondritis (an orthopedic problem), patellar dislocation (dislocation of the patella) and swelling.

Nutrition / Food

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog he has no problem with his diet.

Life expectancy of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog have a very high life expectancy of 12 and sometimes more years relative to its size.

Evaluations of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed“Pyrenean Mountain Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Pictures of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Photos:

1 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/774692
2 – Pyrenees Mountain Dog, XI International Dog Show in Kraków by I, Lilly M / CC BY-SA
3 – Great Pyrenees Mountain Dog by HeartSpoon / CC BY-SA
4 – Pyrenees mountain dog by Arnaud 25 / CC BY-SA
5 – Pasture of Anterne, Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval, Pyrenean Mountain Dog among the sheeps by Jérôme Bon from Paris, France / CC BY
6 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by Emma.Martinet / CC0
7 – Pyrenees mountain dog by I, Beninho / CC BY-SA

Pyrenean Mountain Dog Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 137
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – Working dogs
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
  • ​KC – Sheepdogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Guard dog

FCI Standard Pyrenean Mountain Dog breed

PYRENEAN MOUNTAIN DOG FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Great Pyrenees, Patou, Montañés del Pirineo, Perro de Montaña de los Pirineos, Can de Montaña de os Perinés, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Pyr, GP, PMD, Gentle Giant (English).
    2. montagne des Pyrénées, pastou, patou (French).
    3. Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Patou (German).
    4. Chien de Montagne des Pirénées (Portuguese).
    5. Gran Pirineo, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Gigante de los Pirineos, Gran Pirineu, Muntanya dels Pirineus, Patou (Spanish).

Slovak Cuvac
Eslovaquia FCI 142 - Sheepdogs.

Slovak Cuvac

The Slovak Cuvac is a good watchdog, faithful and very brave, always ready to fight intruders, even if it's bears or wolves.

Content

History

The white mountain dog breed group is derived from arctic-type wolves, whose survivors remained from the pre-glacial era in the mountainous areas of Europe, as far as freezing limits reached. These areas are the mountainous slopes of the North Caucasus, the balkans, especially the Rodope mountains, the Carpathians, especially the Tatra, the slopes to the north of Abruzzo and finally the Pyrenees. In these cold and humid regions the mountain dog was introduced, also accompanied by ancient flora and fauna, which were still discovered by the Swedish researcher Wahlenberg in Scandinavia.. We can find a similar relationship with Nordic pets, for example, in Tatra regions in the Carpathians where the Huzul horse has as its predecessor the Gudbrandstal horse; in the same way, the Slovak Cuvac has an analogy with the pomeranian sheepdog. Slovak alpine cowboy activity has a very old tradition.

The Slovak Cuvac along with the mountain sheep, the Huzul horse and the typical mountain inhabitants constitute the basic economic conditions to take advantage of the pastures in cattle breeding. The Slovak mountains mostly belonged to the free people who were not subject to the servitudes of the Middle Ages; the people protected the country's borders and their task was only to make sheep cheeses. His institution was called ″ Wallach Alliance ″ (Vallasky belt), based in Kaschau until the abolition of easements. The members of this military and pastoral group carried out their services in the pastures, always accompanied by the typical surveillance dog. Tatra that also appear in many images. The Slovak Cuvac has shown his skills as a good caregiver, guardian and companion, as well as guide the flocks of sheep, to the care of the cattle and also in the pastures of turkeys and other domestic animals, as well as guarding various objects. Also the clients of the thermal stations who visited the alpine cowboys and who came to buy cheeses and other products, they looked with pleasure at these puppies covered in dense hair and bought them, taking this breed to lower places where it was often considered a luxury breed for its unique appearance.

In the Polish Tatra region, where there is a similar breed of mountain dog called goral dog, exceptionally strong specimens were commonly called "Liptauer", indicating its Slovak origin. In this way, It is also limited from the topographical point of view the region of the breeding of the Slovak Cuvac white. The genealogical record of the Slovak Cuvac was started in Czechoslovakia more than 30 years by Professor Anton Hruza of the Veterinary Faculty of Brünn. The initial material came from the Liptovska Luzna region, kokava, Vychodna from Tatrach and the surrounding area of ​​Rachovo in the Carpathians. The first hatchery was named ″ Ze zlaté studny ″ (from the golden well) and it was founded in Svitavy u Brna.

The calf in the Carpathians was called ″ z Hoverly ″ (the Hoverla). Since then, the Breeders Club of Slovak Cuvac is based in Bratislava where exact registrations are made and exhibitions are organized, judgments and powers that extend throughout the country. Other original bloodlines come from the Liptovské Hole regions, Velky Choc, buried, Martin, Jedlova and Jeseniky. The lines that have been extended further are Topas, career, Simba, Hrdos, Ibro, Cuvo, Ass, Dinar, Samko, Bojar, Olaf and others. Genetically the Slovak Cuvac can be characterized as a leuzistic mountain dog with a black muzzle, and to a lesser extent as a flavistico white dog with brown snout and lighter eyes. From the combination of the mentioned genetic types, in which the first is dominant, some variations in color tonality originate, pigmentation of the eyes, of the eyelids, of the muzzle, lips and mucosa. By means of a strict selection in the direction of the first type, judges and breeders achieved the rate required for the current standard and its stabilization within the hatchery area. The number of club members with bred and kennel dogs has reached as many as 200 in the last times. Since then, we have 800 live and registered dogs throughout the Republic. The quality of our upbringing of Slovak Cuvac it reflects, among other things, in the favorable judgment made in international exhibitions (Prague, Brno, Liberec, Bratislava, Leipzig among others) with intense foreign competition.

Physical characteristics

Shows the typical solid and solid appearance of mountain dogs. The bone is solid, the lively and vigilant temperament, fearless and attentive. The eyes are dark brown and oval. Ears are high and very mobile, of moderate length, hanging and almost attached to the head. The tail has a low implant and at rest descends to the hock. When the dog moves, he wears it curled on his back.

  • Hair: except for the head and limbs, where is shorter, the mantle constitutes a dense continuous covering without tufts in the tail and the haunches. The Mache have a marked mane. The subpelo, fine thick, it is completely covered by the hair and is less dense in summer.
  • Color: white. A yellowish blur at the end of the ears is supported but not desirable.
  • Size: males, of 62 to 70 cm.; females, of 59 to 65 cm..

Observations and tips

According to the tradition, only white individuals are selected to distinguish them at night from wild animals.

Character and skills

He is extremely faithful and brave and is always ready to face any harmful animal, still to wolves and bears. In order to differentiate it during the night from the wild beasts of the field, it is only bred in white color, this being an ancient tradition.

He is very affectionate with his owner.

Images of the Slovak Cuvac

Videos of the Slovak Cuvac

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • FCI 142
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • Slovak Cuvac breed FCI standard
  • SLOVAKIAN CHUVACH FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Slovak Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac, Slovak tschuvatsch (English).
      2. Slovenský čuvač, cuvac (French).
      3. Slovenský Cuvac (German).
      4. Cuvac (Portuguese).
      5. Cuvac eslovaco (Spanish).

    Source:

    1 – fci

    Photos:

    1 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1323780
    2 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1323780
    3 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1424979
    4 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/898976
    5 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1233682

    Saarloos wolfdog
    Holanda FCI 311 - Sheepdogs.

    Saarloos wolfdog

    The Dutch Society of Saarloos wolfdog, is the only organism that can supply puppies.

    Content

    History

    The Sr. Leendert Saarloos (1884-1969) loved nature and also dogs. He realized that the dogs had become too humanized and he intended, as a lover of the German Shepherd, of recovering the natural qualities of this breed to produce a better working dog. For this reason he crossed a male German Shepherd, Gerard van der Fransenum, a dog of the classic Prussian style, with Flowers, a female wolf that originated from the Siberian branch of the European type (1932). Breeding based on the father gave him a basic population of animals with a quarter of wolf blood. During the course of the next experimental phase with strict selection, a new race, the ″ European Wolf Dog ″ had evolved. Select animals of this breed provided good service as guide dogs, and at the beginning they were considered suitable for this task.

    Due to the increase in the proportion of wolf blood, usable skill, inherited from the original predecessor, Gerard, gradually lost and it became obvious that the breed was not suitable for use as a working or guide dog. Leendert Saarloos Legacy, not a working dog, but a dog with attributes more attached to nature, was recognized as a breed in 1975. At that time, the breed was named ″Saarloos Wolfdog″ In honor of its founder: Honor for whom honor deserves.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog type lupoide with powerful but light skeleton, with long limbs. The eyes, medium-sized, macaroons, are slightly oblique and preferably yellow in color. The expression is attentive and reserved time, but without a trace of fear. The ears, medium-sized, they have a fairly wide insertion and are pointed, fleshy and hairy. The tail is implanted quite low and at rest it takes the form of a saber, not too mobile. Can carry it high when active or intimidating.

    The differences in secondary sexual characteristics are pronounced between males and females.

    • Hair: hard and straight.
    • Color: from black with light blends to dark black (Grey Wolf), from brown with light blends to dark brown and from very light cream to white.
    • Size: males, of 65 to 75 cm.; females of 60 to 70 cm..

    Character and skills

    Strongly hierarchical, he is very close to his owner and distrusts strangers. It is a dog to enjoy and study (better as a couple or in a group) especially by fans of ethology, but it is not recommended to use it for guard and defense, because he tends to run away from man. Your reservation and your way of avoiding unknown situations, just like a wolf, are typical characteristics of the Saarloos Wolfdog.

    Saarloos Wolfdog Images

    Saarloos Wolfdog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 311
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • Saarloos Wolfdog breed FCI standard
  • SAARLOOS WOLFHOND FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Saarloos wolfhond (English).
      2. Saarloos (French).
      3. Saarlooswolfhond (German).
      4. Saarlooswolfhond (Portuguese).
      5. Perro lobo Holandés (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Saarloos wolfdog from the Czech region by @Hippie_Saarloos / CC BY-SA
    2 – Saarloos by Wolfdog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1389361
    3 – Saarloos Wolfhond – Merlin v.d. Schattenwaldwoelfen by Boot Juliaan / CC BY-SA
    4 – Saarloos Wolfhound by Corinne Benavides
    5 – Saarloos Wolfhound by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1127277

    Czechoslovakian Wolfdog
    Eslovaquia FCI 332

    Czechoslovakian Wolf Dog

    Not a dog fit for everyone.

    Content

    History

    The origin of the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog stands in the year 1955. Karel Hartl, considered the father of the race, crossed a biological test a German Shepherd with a wolf of the Carpathians.

    After some attempts he managed to create a new well-established hybrid breed, who was raised from 1965. In 1982 and after some vicissitudes, The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog was recognized as a national breed by the National Committee of Cynophilic Associations of the Soviet Union.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog of strong constitution, medium-sized and rectangular in structure. It is similar to the wolf in constitution, movement, colors, cloak and mask. The head, symmetrical and well muscled, is shaped like a truncated wedge. the eyes are small, macaroons, amber, with well-attached eyelids.
    Ears are erect, thin, triangular and short. The tail is implanted high, but it hangs straight. When the dog is excited, lifts it up in a sickle.

    Hair: The coat is straight and adherent. In winter it has a very dense undercoat.
    Color: From yellowish gray to silver gray, with the characteristic white mask.
    Size: Males are at least 65 cm.. the females, minimum 60 cm..

    Character and skills

    It is a versatile utility dog ​​with a lot of temperament, very active, resistant, disciplined, of quick reactions, fearless and brave. Very hierarchical, is intensely attached to its owner, but he is extremely suspicious of everything he does not know, for this reason he needs a great socialization from puppy.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial.
    • FCI 332
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , UKC
    • FCI standard of the breed Czechoslovakian Wolfdog
    • CZECHOSLOVAKIAN WOLFDOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Czechoslovak Vlcak (English).
      2. Československý vlčiak (French).
      3. tschechisch československý vlčák, slowakisch československý vlčiak (German).
      4. Československý vlčák (Portuguese).
      5. Československý vlčák, PLC (Spanish).

    Photo:
    Czechoslovakian Wolfdog by UsernameNotInUse / CC BY-SA

    Chihuahua
    México FCI 263

    Chihuahua

    This little dog has a personality sassy large.

    Content

    History

    The Chihuahua It is considered the smallest breed in the world; called the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua), where it is assumed that lived in the wild and was captured and domesticated by the Indians during the era of civilization “Tolteca”; pigmy figures of a dog called “Techichi”, who lived in Tula, They were included in the decoration of its architecture which were very similar to the current Chihuahua.

    There is a belief in some countries that the dog gave the name to the state of Chihuahua since the word "Chihuahua" means "dry and sandy place" in rarámuri, language of the Tarahumara people. Although it is known as Chihuahua, the official name of the race is Chihuahueño, Chihuahua is the name adopted in United States for the race.

    Some experts say dogs were among the first native dogs of the Americas, others were brought to the New World after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Others believe that small dogs may have originated as miniaturized versions of pariah dogs, undefined brown dogs with pointed ears that result when allowed to raise dogs on their own without color selection or other specific characteristics. In any case, race takes its name from the state of Chihuahua, where American tourists at the end of the nineteenth century first found tiny canines.

    Chihuahuas were brought to United States by American visitors who visited the North of Mexico and, later, presented at trade fairs Canófilas where they became known to worldwide.

    The Chihuahua we know today was developed by American breeders. The first Chihuahua recorded by the American Kennel Club, in 1904, It was called Midget. Chihuahua Club of America was formed in 1923. Today, Chihuahua occupies the 13th place among the breeds registered by the AKC.

    Physical characteristics

    The AKC (American Kennel Club) It recognizes two varieties of Chihuahua: long hair and short hair. Many short-haired Chihuahua have very fine hair, but others have a very dense and thick hair. Standards of breeding this dog not generally specify a height, only a weight and a description of its overall proportions. As a result, the height varies more than in any other race.

    Generally, the height range is between 15 and 25 cm to the cross. However, some dogs grow up the 30 to 38 cm.. AKC show dogs should weigh no more than 2,7 kg; the FCI standards mark dogs must weigh between 1,5 and 3 kg, Although most small dogs are acceptable in the show.

    However, the quality pet Chihuahua (that is, those bred or purchased as companions rather than show dogs) can, and they achieve greater weight, until 4,5 kg or more if they have a skeletal structure that allows them to being overweight. This does not mean they are not purebred Chihuahuas, It only means that the requirements do not have to enter a display. Oversize Chihuahuas are seen equally in the best and worst bloodlines.

    His teeth is commonly double, This demonstrates the purity of the breed.

    Chihuahuas can have many colors, from solid black to white solid, spotted, or in a range of colors including Fawn (coffee), chocolate, blue (grey), Silver, tricolor (chocolate, blue, black or white with Brown and white markings), with lines, and speckled. Each of these colors vary in shades and intensities, coffee may be a term to describe a dog from a cream very pale to dark brown (almost Red), or any key within this range of colours.

    Character and skills

    The Chihuahua They are prized for their devotion and personality. Its state of alert, intelligence and size make them adaptable to a variety of environments, including the city and small departments, and usually live fifteen years or more. While often it considered the chihuahua as weak and fragile, proper training and socialization can result in an excellent pet.

    The Chihuahua also have a reputation for being spoiled and impregnable, but that is often because people no effort to train. Chihuahuas are like any other dog I: They need consistent rules and structure if they will learn effectively.

    Many chihuahua focus their devotion on one person, putting too jealous of human relationships of this person, This can be mitigated through proper socialization. The Chihuahua tend to have a nature of clans, preferring the company of other dogs Chihuahua on other.

    Also, important to take into account, These toddlers, They seem to have no concept of its size, and they may face other larger animals, What can generate damage and injuries to our mascota…

    Health

    Many chihuahua are sensitive to the cold due to their small body size. Chihuahua owners generally dress their dogs with coats in cold climates, but for this, There is to get them, because if you do not, do not leave place fabrics above.

    This breed requires a veterinary expert in areas such as development and care dental care. Chihuahua tend to have genetic abnormalities, usually neurological, as Epilepsy, strokes. Like other Toy breeds, They also tend to have dislocation of knee.

    Another genetic abnormality in chihuahua and other breeds Toy is hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. This condition appears in young puppies and usually results in the death of the puppy, as much, six months of age. It is thought that this disease is diagnosed because the puppy has an abnormally large head during the first months of life, but other symptoms are notable (Since "a large head" is a very vague description). Chihuahua puppies showing hydrocephalus They have patched skulls plates rather than solid bone, they are typically lethargic and do not grow at the same pace as his brothers. A true case of Hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, Although the prognosis is grim.

    However some chihuahua may have what is called 'Mollera the fontanelle', and it is completely natural and accepted for race, which is a small hole in the head where they do not have bone, only skin and hair. The Chihuahua is the only breed of dog that is born with an incomplete skull. The fontanelle It closes with age, but it requires great care during the first six months until the skull is fully formed.

    Chihuahua tend to ocular infections, due to its large, round, protruding eyes and its relative proximity to the ground.

    Chihuahuas can also be born with a defect in the liver known as portosystemic shunt, in which blood is diverted from the liver. This can cause a buildup of toxins in the body of the dog, Stunting and can be fatal if not corrected with surgery.

    The speckled chihuahua coloring, or parents with such coloration descendants tend to a number of additional complications of health. The mottled coloration is a carrier of other possible and severe ocular conditions and blindness, deafness, Hemophilia, sterility, and other medical conditions. Buyers who own or want to buy a speckled chihuahua should do some research on possible health conditions of this coloration.

    The pregnancy of a Chihuahua, hard 2 months and the young grow to between 3 cm to 5 cm..

    Chihuahua are omnivores, and you must be careful in providing an adequate and balanced nutrition. At the same time, be careful in not supercharge this small breed. Chihuahua overweight tend to have problems with ligaments, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortening of life expectancy.

    Some potential buyers looking for extremely small animals; very small dogs, in any way, are false. You can be sick, or malnourished, or, If you are healthy, they may experience short periods of life and health due to extreme dwarfism problems. They are not normally used for breeding, and may require special care. Some breeders chihuahua, they try to intentionally raise very small animals, and they increase the prices of smaller dogs, or they specifically advertised very small animals. Most reputable breeders disapprove such practices, pointing out that it is difficult to predict the adult size of a puppy, and citing other problems discussed earlier.

    In practice there has been an increase in people wanting to have a Chihuahua Pocket rejecting the common size, This has changed the traditional pattern of raising this breed start doing that through the selection of specimens to breed chihuahua focusing on the size and eliminate the problems of a puppy that was born visibly smaller than others, many breeders reject this practice but it is a fact that the popularity of the "Chihuahua Pocket" It is here to stay ...

    The tiny mouths often mean that there is no room for proper development of teeth. It is essential that a veterinary chihuahua receive regular dental care, and you may need to draw him some teeth to make room for proper development of the rest of the teeth in the mouth.

    The Chihuahueño “Deer head” is the original Mexican Chihuahua, He was abroad where changed his appearance through crossing with other breeds, That's when you start to change your overall appearance now head more prominent and more stocky and abroad is precisely where racial establishing the standard race set this type of Chihuahua modified as “standard” When is the original the type “Deer” and even went beyond the damage to the original race to disqualify the type “Deer” and qualify as one “abnormality”.

    This “abnormality” is more popular than any Canófila Federation would like to accept.

    “Deer” or “Deer head” These are terms that are used sometimes to describe copies of Chihuahua that does not have the standard appearance of the “Apple head” of the race. These terms are not official.

    The Deer heads They are not admitted for competition, they are disqualified, they are not for sale.

    The “Nano Chihuahua” term used in the United States are chihuahua that are described with head up, and a very long nose, is not something natural, they are so because they suffered deformation in bone by malnutrition, These terms are not official, and prohibited the sale of the “Nano Chihuahua”. Those that are accepted are Chihuahua “Apple heads”

    The life of the chihuahua usually up to 15 years of age. The more small are dogs more life they have. Their life expectancy depends first of all of their food (It is necessary, good quality and which have no obesity). Example: Not offer cookies, fat, chocolates, sweet, bread, pork and, much less, chicken bones to chew it becomes small needles, and they stuck in its body until his death. Not to give anything of great food, simply their respective croquettes or latitas for small breeds.

    Reproduction

    The sexual cycle of the dog is, in comparison with the rest of the domestic animals, is unique in many aspects, now that the time lag between periods of estrus (5-7 months) It is very long in proportion to the time of gestation (62 days), and ovulation occurs only once (but in several days) by zeal.

    The sexual cycle is divided in 4 stages:

    PROESTRO: have an average duration of 3-15 days. External manifestations are increasing the volume of the vulva, blood loss vulvar and attraction of male. At this stage the dog does not support mounting of the male.

    ESTRO: popularly known as period of ZEAL. It has a duration of 3 to 10 days. The vulva is enlarged, There is a reduction of losses vulvar and attraction of male: It is at this time when ovulation occurs, mounting of the male and gestation.

    DIESTRO: (of 110 to 140 days): This period includes the gestation, childbirth and lactation if occurred fertilization and the regression to normal tissues if not occurred.

    ANESTRO (of 150 to 250 days): now there are no external signs and is the ideal for all kinds of interventions (ovary hysterectomy).

    Thus, ovulation takes place during the mating season and it's a spontaneous ovulation. Most frequently it is between the day 10 and 14 the beginning of zeal, Although in less of 1 minute can be confirmed with a vaginal smear performed by a veterinarian.

    Pregnancy in the bitch has a duration of 58 to 63 days. The normal delivery period varies between 5 and 24 hours, and alghourscasos, mainly if they are first-time, the time may be extended until 36 hours.

    The delivery mechanism is divided into three phases:

    • The first phase corresponds to the openness and relaxation of the neck of the uterus to the exit of the puppies. The female trembles, Pant and may vomit. The vulvar lips will thicken and escapes by the lower corner a blanco-amarillento viscous liquid. You can see uterine contractions, but always of weak intensity. Walk in circles, recuesta in soil, and does not want to eat or drink (Although some females show a voracious appetite).
    • The dog chooses a quiet, dark place, and he prepares his paridera breaking rags and materials; It is desirable to provide elements so that you can make this work, more usual is the role of journal. Nothing should bother to her around.

    • The second phase is the expulsion of the puppies. The female is lying in position on one side, with the face directed towards your abdomen and contractions begin each 2 or 3 minutes, with great effort.

    Grooming

    Chihuahuas have two types of hair:

    • smooth and long. The Chihuahuas smooth They carry a velvety coat, bright and tight and have a collar – an area hair thicker and longer – around the neck. Coverage have little hair on the head and ears. The tail should be hairy, not naked. Brush them weekly with a rubber glove or soft brush to remove dead hair and maintain healthy skin and coat.
    • The Long haired chihuahua It is the product of a recessive gene, which means that a puppy must have the gene from both parents to express long hair, so it is not seen in litters as often as smooth. The long, soft fur is flat or slightly curly, and the dog has a collar around the neck, fringed ears, feathers on the legs and a tail plumed. Hair from the rest of the body is almost as soft as soft straight hair Chihuahua. The long-haired Chihuahua are beautiful, and they are easy to comb, but the hair falls are seasonal.

    Long robe brushing with soft bristle brush once or twice a week. Use a stainless steel comb to remove tangles of hair ears, legs and tail.

    If brush to the faithful chihuahua, You should not need frequent bathing. However, If you spend much time on your couch or in bed, there is nothing wrong with bathing as often as twice a week. Use a mild shampoo made for dogs and dry it well so not cool. Never let it sit and dry to the outdoors.

    Keep clean your big ears chihuahua with a solution recommended by your veterinarian. Do not use cotton swabs within the ear; They can push dirt deeper. Laa orejaa clean with a cotton ball, I never deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.

    Cut off nails regularly, usually every two weeks. They should never be so long that hear smacking on the floor.

    Ratings Chihuahua

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Chihuahua” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Chihuahua”

    credits:

    1. triplet chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
    2. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/animal-chihuahua-mascota-ojos-50718/
    3. Chihuahua by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/60641
    4. Blue merle chihuahua by Nuclearblitz12 / CC BY-SA
    5. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-tan-chihuahua-1048236/
    6. A Chihuahua protecting its bone by David Shankbone / CC BY
    7. standard chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
    8. Buddy the Chihuahua by Jean G – HTTPS://www.flickr.com/photos/whatjeanlikes/
    9. Chihuahua by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xzmeb

    Videos “Chihuahua”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 9 –> Companion and Toy Dogs. . / Section 6 –> Chihuahueño. Without working trial.
    • FCI 218
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • Standard FCI breed Chihuahua
    • CHIHUAHUA FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Chi, Chi-chi, Hua-Hua, Chihuahueño (English).
      2. Chihuahueño, aussi chihuahua (French).
      3. Chihuahua (German).
      4. Chihuahueño (Portuguese).
      5. Chihuahua (Spanish).

    Chesapeake Bay Retriever
    USA FCI 263

    Chesapeake Bay Retriever

    The Chesapeake is a hunting dog, pure and simple.

    Content

    History

    When a British brig was wrecked off the coast of Maryland 1807, part of the load was rescued included two dogs Newfoundland. Called Sailor and Canton, It was found to have excellent skills as reclaimers. The locals raised them with local dogs, and they became the ancestors of the “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”. Other breeds that may have contributed to the composition of the Chesapeake were “Flat-coated Retriever” and the “Curly-coated Retriever”.

    The result was a tough retriever that was ready and willing to put up with the hard and icy Chesapeake Bay being able to recover from 100 to 200 ducks day. The first dogs came only in dark brown, but now any shade of brown, sedge or dead grass is acceptable.

    The American Kennel Club registered its first Chessie, called Sunday, in 1878. The Chesapeake is ranked 48 breeds registered by the AKC, under the 41 a decade.

    Physical characteristics

    Distinctive features include eyes very clear, yellow or amber, rear quarters as high or slightly higher than the shoulders, and a double layer which tends to wave on shoulders, the neck, back and loins.

    The Raincoats feels slightly oily and often is associated with a slight musky odor. three basic colors are usually seen on race: Brown, which it includes all shades from light brown to a deep dark brown; sedge, ranging from reddish yellow to bright red and brown shades; and dead grass in all shades, ranging from a dull tan to a straw color off.

    The breed standard states that the target may also appear, but it should be limited to the chest, the belly, the toes or back of feet. The head is round and wide with an average stop and muzzle. The lips are thin, and ears are small and medium leather. The Forelegs should be straight with good bone. The hindquarters are especially strong and webbed fingers and an excellent ability to swim is important for Chesapeake.

    This breed is also known for its large and powerful chest, icebreakers used when immersed in cold water while hunting ducks.

    Character and skills

    The “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” It is prized for its awake and cheerful disposition, his intelligence, his calm demeanor and his affectionate nature and protective. The value, the willingness to work, vivacity, good sense of smell, the intelligence, the enjoyment of the water and especially the general quality and the provisions should take priority when selecting and raising the “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”. Extreme shyness or aggression are not desirable in this breed, whether the animal is used as a hunting dog or pet.

    In the countryside, Chesapeake is a serious worker and has even been called neurotic in their quest to find birds falls. It is not out there to play. The Chesapeake are known for their excellent vision and memories when it comes to see where the birds fall and remember where to pick them up. His favorite activity is hunting for ducks.

    When you train, respects their learning ability. Continue training him not long after it is clear that knows what to do. The perfect Chesapeake is not prepared by the breeder. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, detestable levels can develop barking, excavation and other undesirable behavior if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised.

    Did You Know?

    The Chessie is not designed to be a companion, is a hunting dog, pure and simple. And not just any old hunting dog… is an aquatic bird dog and lives to get wet in pursuit of its prey feather.

    Health “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

    According to a survey conducted in 2005 by the American Chesapeake Club, the most common health problems seen in the breed are hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy and other eye problems, cancer, Degenerative myelopathy and hypothyroidism. This breed can also be prone to a bleeding disorder called von Willebrand disease.

    Looking for a breeder who use the new genetic test available for degenerative myelopathy, a form of progressive weakness and paralysis of the limbs. Although DM is rare, It is incurable and crippling. Not all dogs that test positive in the test of DM develop the disease, but farmers who try their race for this condition are probably the most conscientious. The test can be used to determine whether a puppy's parents are clean, they are carriers or are at risk; a puppy whose parents are clean – neither carriers nor at risk – also will be. A puppy two carrier parents will be at risk, and a puppy parent with a carrier may be at risk. Even dogs who undergo the test of having two copies of the gene never show symptoms of the disease, but the status of the parents of your puppy, and his own dog, It can help you be aware of the early warning signs.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking copies, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you're going to have a puppy, Ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs of their lines and why they died.

    Remember that after hosting a new puppy home ut, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” with a suitable weight it is one of the easiest ways to prolong life. Advantage to the maximum their preventive abilities to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Grooming “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

    The Chesapeake has an oily and hard outer layer on a dense undercoat, fine and wooly. The dirt and debris are easily removed with a rubber brush. The undercoat is very clear in spring, so be prepared to brush the dog more often during this time to prevent loose hair from accumulating on clothing and furniture.

    Give the Chessie Fresh water rinse after it has been in salt water or has swum in the mud of a pond or lake, but to keep the resistance of the coat to water, avoid bathing unless absolutely necessary. That can be as little as twice a year.

    The rest are basic care. Keep ears clean and dry so they do not infect, and trim nails as needed, usually every two weeks. Brush teeth for general good health and fresh breath.

    Ratings of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Chesapeake Bay Retriever” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

    credits:

    1. A Chesapeake Bay Retriever by Keith Rousseau at en.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
    2. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by Nevilley / CC BY-SA
    3. Male, Chesapeake Bay Retriever competing in the conformation ring by George Makatura / Public domain
    4. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1407301
    5. Chesapeaker Bay retriever by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perros-mascotas-el-agua-1582148/
    6. Chesapeake Bay Retriever by Diane – HTTPS://flic.kr/p/6k1uFQ
    7. chesapeake bay retriever by https://www.peakpx.com/611264/chesapeake-bay-retriever
    8. Brown Chesapeake Bay Retriever in the snow, carrying a plant part in its snout by Will Thomas / CC BY

    Videos “Chesapeake Bay Retriever”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 8 –> Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water dogs. / Section 1 –> Retrievers. With working trial.
    • FCI 263
    • FCI standard of the breed Chesapeake Bay Retriever
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • CHESAPEAKE BAY RETRIEVER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Chessie, CBR, Chesapeake (English).
      2. Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Chesapeake (French).
      3. Chesapeake Bay Retriever (German).
      4. Chesapeake bay retriever (Portuguese).
      5. Chessie, CBR, Chesapeake (Spanish).

    Rough Collie
    Gran Bretañaa FCI 156

    It is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

    Content

    History

    The Rough Collie is one of the Collie breeds medium-sized and long-haired who was born in Scotland in the early 1800.

    Both the Long-haired Collie and the Smooth Collie , they are descended from a variety of grazing dogs from Scotland and Wales.

    • The variety of Scotland, It is characterized for being a strong dog, large, aggressive, raised to care for flocks of sheep in the Highlands, an all terreno…
    • The variety of Wales, However, was a small dog, Agile, home and cuddlier, and also pastor of goats.

    These two varieties of dogs crosses shepherds are born the precious Collie that we call today Rough Collie and Smooth Collie.

    After the industrial revolution, owning a dog became fashionable, people began to acquire copies and began to expand and cross with other breeds. Y, there is a theory that says those first Collie, were crossed with a Borzoi (Russian Greyhound) in order to obtain a more "noble" head (finest), What is today one of the true characteristics of the Rough Collie. But in reality, is not known conclusively if it crosses with the Borzoi It took place on the main stream of the race.

    But trends are changing according to blowing the wind... Like for example, When the Queen Victoria acquired a Border Collie, After seeing one in the Balmoral Castle, the Collie is transformed into something like an article of fashion.

    The issue is that, the Collie they were distributed around the map and continuous reproduction in order to improve the breed for exhibitions, He carried that drastically changed the appearance of the dogs, in the Decade of 1960, the Collie was much higher than today.

    At the first dawn of the breed the dogs were more robust and resistant, they could travel long distances during the whole day and retained energy...

    While many theories attempt to explain them, Unfortunately, the exact origins of the Collie have a dark veil. The race has been the subject of much research and speculation. The origin of the word “Collie” It is as uncertain as the origin of the breed information. In the century 18, the natural home of the Long Haired Collie was on the Highlands of Scotland lands, where had it been used for centuries as a herding dog. Dogs were bred with great care in order to assist their masters in grazing and the monitoring of their flocks.

    In the UK the Longhair Collie is no longer used for grazing cattle, After having been replaced by the Border Collie. Although in United States and several European countries, there has been a revival in the use of Collie like a working and performance dog, already not are seen as old.

    The Club Collie of America was founded the 26 in August of 1886, What makes it one of the oldest clubs in the race. The objective of the original club was "the promotion and the improvement of the breed of Border Collie". From there the first official breed standard was carved Collie. The celebration of the centenary of the club took place in 1986. Y, Although much time has passed and many things cambiado… the objective of the Club is still the same. The Collie Club in England dates of 1881 (Although officially, is oldest club americano…).

    The Collie's long hair was exhibited for the first time in 1860 in the Birmingham, England, in the dogshow “Scotch Shee-pdog“. In 1879 the first hair long Collie was imported to England. And from there are the pillars of the breed.

    With the turn of the century, this breed was already in a state of continuous development. This dog continued to flourish in England. As a result of imports, the race progressed rapidly between the years 1900 to 1920. These dogs built the foundation on which the Rough Collie of today and paved the way for the emergence of large and famous American dog kennels in the years 1920 and 1930.

    One of them and perhaps the one that catapulted the Rough Collie, He was the author Albert Payson Terhune devoted almost all his life to these dogs. Albert Payson Terhune (21 December 1872 until 18 February 1942) was an American author, Collie dog breeder, and journalist. The public is known both for his novels relating the adventures of his beloved Collie, "as for its famous breeding sites"Sunnybank”, from which the bloodlines of specimens of Rough Collie who live among us today.

    Physical characteristics

    One of the characteristic features of the Collie's long hair is his head and delicately pointed snout. It resembles a wedge decline gently from the ears until the black nose. The snout is rounded and never square. The eyes are of medium size and Pacific way. The ears are supposed to be semi-erectas, folded in the upper third. In appearance they are very similar to the Shetland Shepherd Dog, but larger.

    Regarding the coat of hair of the Rough Collie, the admitted colors are:

    • Sable color: Where sable or grey goes from Pale to mahogany.
    • Blackbird: the blue Merle, It is a mottled grey.
    • Tricolor: It is mainly Tan.

    All have white areas, in the neck, the back of the legs, and usually the tip of the tail. Some may have white fringes on the face. The American Kennel Club supports white, where is the dog predominantly white with spots of the sable color, Tricolor and blue Merle, in the head and patches in the body as a.

    It has dual layer, the woolly, dense subpelo, It is covered by a layer of hair is long and rough exterior with a remarkable necklace around the neck, feathers on the legs, a skirt in the abdomen, and a steering wheel in the rear quarters.

    The outer layer needs brushing frequent, careful to keep it free from spikes and thorns, He has long hair and it seems a velcro… Shearing it is something very harmful to the skin and some not again them grow a significant amount of hair after having been shaved.

    The desired size and weight vary between the standards of the breed of dog clubs, but trying to balance the medidas… a long hair male Collie measured 55,8 to 66 cm in height to the cross, females tend to be a 5 lowest centimeters. Males weigh in 20 to 34 Kg and females are generally lighter (of 2 to 5 fewer kilos).

    Character and skills

    The Rough Collie it is a dog that never shows nervousness or aggression, and they are generally good with children and other animals. However, They must be well socialized to prevent shyness. Although they are medium-sized to large dogs, It adapts very well to life in small apartments, because of his quiet nature.

    Like many dogs grazing, the Rough Collie can be very vocal (ladrador…), and in some cases it is difficult to correct them. They are very loyal and excellent with children, provided have been well socialized and trained. They are always eager to learn and respond better to a gentle hand. They enjoy human company and home heat.

    For yeah "The character of"Lassie"created by the British author Eric Knight was a Collie of long hair", It is probably the most famous dog in the world, fictional character that appeared in various films, TV series and books for years.

    "That character inspired screenwriter Hugo Butler in the film"Lassie Come Home”, under the direction of Fred M. Wilcox, in the year 1943. Film that definitely launched to fame to the beautiful long hair Collie.

    Collie Health

    All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines. Collie is prone to a host of health problems. Here is a brief summary of what you should know.

    Collies can be affected by a number of genetic health problems, including multiple drug sensitivities to a mutation in the multi-drug resistance gene (MDR1). Dogs with this mutation can have serious or fatal reactions to a number of common drugs., such as preventive ivermectin against heartworm and loperamide, a human antidiarrheal agent that is sometimes used in dogs. Detecting these diseases not only in the parents of your puppy, but also in your dog, it's a life-saving need. The test is simple and only requires a cheek smear.; information on how to test your dog can be found here.

    Eye problems are also a serious concern in the breed. One of the most intractable is progressive retinal atrophy (ARP), but luckily the gene for detection was recently identified and a genetic screening test will be available as soon as this year, after which all breeders should have ARP authorizations on all their breeding dogs.

    Collie eye abnormality is a group of eye disorders that range from mild to severe. They are present at birth, and can be detected in puppies between five and eight weeks of age. Your puppy's breeder should examine the eyes of all dogs in the litter before selling them.. Have a Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist regularly examine your Collie's eyes. Reputable Collie breeders don't just check their breeders' eyes, but also those of all puppies offered for sale. Do not buy a Collie from a breeder who has not examined puppies' eyes or does not offer a certificate of their eye status.

    Unfortunately, Collies can also be affected by a number of health conditions for which there are no screening tests. These include epilepsy, as well as a condition called bloating, in which the stomach expands with air. This can become the most serious condition, gastric torsion, if the stomach twists on itself, cutting off blood flow. Gastric torsion suddenly hits, and a dog that was fine a minute can die a few hours later. Watch for symptoms like restlessness and step, babeo, pale gums and lip licking, try to vomit but without bringing out anything, and signs of pain. Gastric torsion requires immediate veterinary surgery, and most dogs that have swollen once will swell again. This means that it is prudent to opt for the procedure known as “gastric torsion”, which will prevent the stomach from twisting in the future.

    Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and raise healthier copies only and best looking, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Collie at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Collie grooming

    Both varieties of Collie have double layer, which means they have a thicker, softer inner layer and a thinner, flatter outer layer. The Rough Collie has a beautiful and voluminous coat that seems to need a lot of care, but it's not like that. Thorough brushing every one to two weeks will keep the coat healthy and tangle free. The Smooth Collie’s coat is a piece of cake to care for. Brush it weekly with a rubber brush or soft brush to remove dead hair. Your Collie should not need a bath more than once a month.

    Rough Collie go through a heavy molt twice a year, floating dumb call. During this time, brush daily to keep all hair down under control. The Smooth Collie doesn’t blow his coat, but throughout the year it loses more hair than the Rough Collie.

    The rest are basic care. Cut nails as needed, usually every few weeks. It shouldn't take so long for the click to be heard on the floor. Brush your teeth daily to improve overall health and breath.

    Rough Collie Characteristics

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rough Collie” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Shepherd Dogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss boyeros). / Section 1 –> Shepherd Dogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 156
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • FCI Standard of the Rough Collie breed
    • COLLIE ROUGH FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, “Lassie” dog (English).
      2. Colley à poil long, berger écossais (French).
      3. Rough Collie, LANGHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
      4. Rough collie (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor escocés de pelo largo (Spanish).

    Smooth Collie
    Escocia FCI 296

    Content

    The Smooth Collie It is a breed of dog developed originally for herding. It is a variety of the Border Collie. Some canine organizations, copies of soft hair and wire-haired, classified them as variations of the same race.

    History

    The early history of the Collie's short hair, like many breeds of dogs, It is largely a matter of speculation. The most common view of the race is that they are descendants of a population of shepherds dogs brought to Scotland by the Romans in the 5th century ("See more information about the race"Collie”).

    The modern history of both Collie, soft layer and rough layer, It began in the reign of Queen Victoria, He turned his attention in the dogs of the shepherds and ordered that they bring to their Balmoral Castle in Scotland, some specimens. In 1860 years. At that time, the interest of the Queen, It became fashionable breed Collie of short hair. Thus began the transformation of the breed of dog of farm, similar to the modern Border Collie, Pet highlighting its aesthetics and preparation for dog competitions, sample, for example.

    The Collie's short hair, today is considered a variety of Border Collie in countries such as United States and Canada, which means that they can sit and statistical records, register as "Collie" without specifying if it is 'Rough (rough)’ o ‘Smooth (soft)’.

    In other countries, such as United Kingdom and Australia, they are classified as separate breeds, but for a very short time, the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom allowed the crossing of the two varieties until 1993.

    Physical characteristics

    Smooth Collie is a dog of medium size pulling big, the females measure of 56 to 61 cm. to the cross and the males of 61 to 66 cm.. Y, they weigh in 20 to 34 kg. The standard size of the breed varies by country, is the far larger in the range United States and Canada, and the smallest elsewhere.

    The Collie's short hair is slightly longer than high, with a straight back and a deep chest. The characteristics of the head, especially of expression “sweet”, are considered very important in the ring. The breed has long snout, the flat skull and semi-erectas ears.

    The layer is two-fold, one is soft and dense stuck to the body, and the outer layer is smooth and hard for a length of 2,54 centimeters, with the most dense hair around the neck forming a collar, and in the back of the thighs. The coat requires a weekly brushing. Unlike other Collie, It presents non bangs…, the hair is short.

    The Smooth Collie coat can be of the following colors:

    • Sand: the colour of the famous Lassie, that it goes golden light to dark mahogany. With white areas on the chest, neck, feet, legs, and the tail.
    • Tricolor: black, with spots of color fire and white. With white areas on the chest, neck, feet, legs, and the tail.
    • Blue Merle: that color is a gray marble silver black with spots of color fire. With white areas on the chest, neck, feet, legs, and the tail.

    Character and skills

    The Smooth Collie is generally a sociable dog, easy to train family. Although it is not an aggressive breed, It is always alert and barking when he noticed something unusual, It is therefore a great watchdog.

    Collie dogs - General- they are agile dogs, assets and need regular exercise. It is easy to train, due to their high intelligence and eagerness to please their owners. The formation of this breed requires exclusive dedication and patience, they are sensitive to correction and hide if they feel badly treated or it sobre required.

    They get along well with children, they tend to harmonize well with other animals that live in the House, they usually mix well with other dogs.

    The Smooth Collie is - mainly- a family pet, You can compete in obedience, agility, grazing trials, and other canine sports. Some are still used as working dogs in tasks of grazing (but less and less). They are also very useful as assistance dogs for people with disabilities.

    It has a life expectancy of 12 to 14 years.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> / Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 296
    • Federations:
      • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
      • AKC – PASTORAGE
      • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
      • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
      • ​KC – Pastoral
      • NZKC – Working dog
      • UKC – Herding dogs
  • FCI Standard Smooth Collie breed
  • COLLIE SMOOTH FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Collie, Smooth Coat (English).
      2. Colley (French).
      3. Smooth Collie, KURZHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
      4. Collie de pelo curto, Smooth collie (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor escocés de pelo corto (Spanish).

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