Romagna Water Dog
Italia FCI 298 . Water Dogs

Romagna Water Dog

The Romagna Water Dog not suitable for sedentary people or living in the city.

Content

History

The Lagotto Romagnolo, or “Romagna Water Dog”, descended from the Italian dogs that were used to recover game from the water. In fact, your name means “Dog of the lakes of Romagna” in Italian, reflecting its original use and the northern Italian region from which it came, the Romaña.

It was used at least since the Italian Renaissance for this task, especially in the swamps and lagoons present in his native region. In addition to keeping their masters company and watching over their homes, he was also very good at recovering dead ducks that were in the water. They are the Italian equivalent of the Spanish Spaniel and the Irish Spaniel.. Many specialists believe that Romagna Water Dog is the oldest breed of Retrievers and that it is the distant ancestor of many more recent races, as the Golden Retriever, the Portuguese Water Dog and the Poodle. It is also believed to be one of the oldest Italian dog breeds.

The first trace of a similar animal dates back to the 15th century, and more specifically to 1474, in a fresco called Parete dell’Incontro, painted by italian Andrea Mantegna. It was also described by the philosopher Erasmus (1466 – 1536) and appeared in some works of the engraver Marcantonio Raimondi (1480 – 1534).

Later, in the XVIII century, the famous naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778) described a Mediterranean spaniel that looked very much like the Romagna Water Dog.

Towards the end of the 19th century, much of the marshes in the area were drained into farmland, leaving the Romagna Water Dog jobless. However, farmers and other owners soon discovered that he had a great talent for finding truffles, highly appreciated in the world of gastronomy. In fact, this dog's excellent sense of smell, combined with his thick fur that protected him from the branches, brambles and other weeds, made it very efficient. This change of use also implied certain changes in the traits of the breed: his primitive hunting instinct weakened, while he developed an iron concentration very useful in the search for truffles. These two facts were combined so that you would not be distracted by the game when you were working.

However, the number of people hunting for truffles was much less than the number of people hunting. As a result, the breed's population decreased dramatically, so that by the middle of the 20th century there were only a few Romagna Water Dog. In addition, truffle hunters weren't really interested in developing a breed in their own right: as long as the dog was good at his task, it seemed good to them. As a result, at the beginning of the 20th century there was a certain decrease in interest in the selection of this dog and several poorly thought-out crosses were made with other breeds.

The rescue and diffusion of the breed in the 20th century

Over the years 70, some thought that the Lagotto Romagnolo had completely disappeared. However, there were still some left in Italy, and some passionate breeders took important steps to preserve them. The group was led by Quintino Toschi, breeder and judge of Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI), the main canine organization in the country. With the support of the veterinarian Antonio Marsiano and from another lover of the Lagotto, Lodovico Babini, a selection program was launched to save the dog from extinction that loomed over him. In 1988, they founded a breed club, the Club Italiano Lagotto, and they did a great job to get the breed to develop again in good condition.

The work carried out by this group was a success and allowed the Lagotto Romagnolo was recognized by the ENCI in 1992.

Then it began to be known and spread abroad, particularly in Europe (France, Switzerland, Germany, Finland, Great Britain…), but also much beyond, as in Australia and the United States. Although in some of these countries truffles are not as abundant as in Romagna, the Lagotto found its place in families as a watchdog and companion dog. It is also possible to find them - although much more rarely- in the water courses, as hunting retrievers.

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally in 1995. Ten years later, in 2005, granted him full recognition.

In 1997, was founded the Unione Mondiale dei Club Lagotto Romagnolo (Lagotto Romagnolo Club World Union), in view of the worldwide expansion of the breed. Chaired by the Dr. Giovanni Morsiani, allowed to preserve the original traits of the breed and coordinate quality breeding programs around the world.

That same year a breed club was founded in the United States., the Lagotto Club of America.

In 2001, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to enroll the Lagotto in its Foundation Stock Service, a prerequisite for full recognition that occurred in 2015. The other reference organization in the United States, the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognized her in 2006.

In canada, the Lagotto Romagnolo debuted in 1999. The first specimen imported into the country came from a famous Italian kennel called Farnie. That same year a first calf was created in Alberta. Others followed him in 2000 and 2004, respectively in Ontario and Nova Scotia. Although these pioneer hatcheries no longer exist today, contributed greatly to the spread of the breed in the Canadian territory. The breed was provisionally recognized in 2012 by the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), and then definitely in 2016.

At last, en el Reino Unido, the romanian spaniel was accepted by the prestigious Kennel Club in the year 2000.

Photo: “Lagotto romagnolo” of 6 meses by XTY78, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Distribution and popularity

After having been on the verge of extinction half a century ago, the Romagna Water Dog seems to be as popular today in its home country as it was at times in its history, and it is even more and more successful.

Like this, while the number of annual registrations in the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI) was around the 1.500 early in the decade 2010, reached the 2.000 in 2014 and even approached the 2.500 at the end of the decade.

In France, the Romagna Water Dog has quickly conquered hearts. At the beginning of the 21st century, the number of dogs registered each year in the LOF (French Origins Book) you could count on the fingers of one hand. A midyear 2000 he was already in his fifties, and then shot up to exceed 300 at the end of the decade. The success of Lagotto did not stop in the decade of 2010, quite the contrary: they ended up with some 500 births per year.

In Switzerland, the Lagotto is also well represented. According to statistics from the official Amicus database, in 2017 it was the 28th most represented breed in the country, at around 3.500 animals.

On the other hand, in the UK it is much more discreet, although it seems that it begins to break through. Since the decade of 2000 until early next, there was no more than 20 or 30 births per year registered in the Kennel Club. However, this figure reached about 50 in the mid 2010, and then tripled in no time, to the point of ending the decade with more than 150 by year.

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is also small in the United States. The Lagotto Romagnolo is in the middle of the breed ranking based on the number of annual AKC registrations, around the post 100.

However, the breed has spread around the world in recent decades, with a success in some countries that was not easy to imagine. This is the case of Australia, where the first records in the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) go back to the year 2000. Just fifteen years later, in the middle of the Decade of 2010, the organization already counted between 300 and 400 annual births.

Physical characteristics

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a small to medium sized dog, solid build and rather square profile. In fact, its length should be approximately equal to its height at the withers. They give an overall impression of robustness and strength.

The back is straight and muscular, with a strong and slightly convex loin. The chest is well developed and reaches to the elbows.

The tail is covered with stiff, woolly hair. It is not too high or too low and reaches the level of the hocks.

The front legs are well muscled with a fine but robust bone structure. Their feet are rounded and compact, with clenched fingers. As for the hind legs, they are very powerful, while still being well proportioned. The feet are a little more oval than the front ones, with slightly less arched fingers. On all legs, the pads are very resistant, the claws well curved and solid.

The skull is quite wide and slightly convex when viewed from the side. Neck is strong, muscular and much more massive in males than in females.

The ears are medium-sized and triangular in shape, but rather rounded at the tips. They are hanging and reach the level of the dog's jaws.

The eyes are round, large and quite far apart. Its color can be ocher, dark brown or hazelnut. Then already Romagna Water Dog a very attentive and lively expression.

The muzzle is quite wide and slightly shorter than the skull. Finish off with a nose that can range from flesh-colored to dark brown., it is quite large and has large nostrils.

The lips are rather thin and covered with long and somewhat bristly whiskers.. They cover powerful scissor-shaped jaws.

The skin is quite fine and pigmented. Goes from very light to dark brown, According to the color of the fur.

The coat consists, first, in a highly water resistant underlayer. It is covered by a very dense top layer, curly and woolly. The tight curls give the impression that the dog is disheveled all over the body. The curls are a little looser on the head, showing the beard, the mustache and bushy eyebrows.

The coat can be whitish, white with brown or orange highlights, orange red, brownish red or completely brown (in any shade of this color). Tan markings are also allowed in all shades, regardless of the dog's coat color.

It is worth mentioning that the fur of the Lagotto Romagnolo takes time to acquire its characteristic appearance, since it is not until 2 or 3 years of age. In effect, her curls form only very gradually; when it is still a puppy, its fur is very soft.

Last but not least, the breed is characterized by a certain sexual dimorphism. In addition to having a more solid neck than the female, the male is usually taller and more massive than the female.

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 43 – 48 cm.
    ▷ Female size: 41 – 46 cm..
    ▷ Male weight: 13 – 16 kg
    ▷ Female weight: 11 – 14 kg

Character and skills

The Lagotto Romagnolo is smart and lively, but he is also close to his family, with which he enjoys.

This is especially true of the very young., which makes it a very good dog breed choice for children. Their high energy level allows you to spend hours playing with them without tiring. However, as with any of his peers, should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision. This is all the more true since it has a relatively high energy level and could, for example, unintentionally pushing or even knocking down your young partner.

The Romagna Water Dog he also gets along very well with other dogs, whether they live in the same house or just pass each other on a walk. Having largely lost the strong hunting instinct of a few centuries ago, they can also get along with other animals such as cats, rodents and birds. If you have to share your home with one of them, coexistence is so much easier as it is established as soon as you get home. In any case, it is important to socialize him well from an early age and get him used to meeting representatives of other species: this way you will have less desire to chase them throughout your life. In any case, if he is not well socialized and his hunting instinct tends to prevail, or if you do not respond perfectly to the call for attention, it may be preferable to walk it on a leash than in freedom.

The sense of smell is not the only one that is very acute in this dog. In fact, he also has excellent hearing, that allows you to hear from afar anyone who approaches you. In addition, fully fulfills the role of alert dog, barking and warning his owner as soon as an unknown person approaches his house. However, your role ends there: as it is not one of those who threaten or impress, not really a good watchdog.

The Lagotto Romagnolo tends to keep some distance from strangers at first, even if they are invited by their master and the introductions are done correctly: it may take a while before they trust. However, once well socialized and educated, he ends up getting used to their presence and is very friendly with them. In fact, some of the breed representatives are open enough to be used as psychological support dogs, visiting hospitals, schools or even prisons, and bringing comfort wherever they go.

To accept new people, you have to be comfortable in your own home, as well as on its paws. To do this, you should be physically active for at least one hour a day, for example, through walks, Games, puzzles or dog sports like agility or flyball. His physical abilities and stamina also allow him to happily accompany the sportsmen in their careers., mountain bike rides or hikes. However, it can also be a good match for retired people, as long as they stay active enough and can get enough of it every day. In any case, how you tend to get bored easily, It is convenient to offer you varied activities and regularly change the places of your walk.

Swimming is also a great way to get your dog to exercise.. In fact, the centuries that it has spent being used as a waterfowl retriever explain that it is a dog that loves water. Loves swimming and enjoys every moment spent in a lake or river. One of his favorite games is to go to find and recover the objects that his master throws into the water..

If you are not given enough opportunity to exercise and get bored, or if it suffers a lack of attention from its owners (either because they are absent too often and for too long, or because they neglect him), the Romagna Water Dog is likely to develop a number of undesirable behaviors. In particular, may start barking untimely and become excessively loud. If you have access to a garden, can start digging holes to search for objects or food under the ground. Degrading objects or stealing food are also part of their history. All these behaviors are the sign of a psychological distress that is important to treat, and for which the owner is often responsible.

On the other hand, as long as your needs for attention and physical activity are respected, the Romagna Water Dog he is a very affectionate companion, that he does not stop appreciating the most cuddly moments and that he is very calm.

In addition, as long as I have enough outings and activities, can be fully adapted to life in the city and in an apartment, although the ideal environment for him remains a house with access to a garden. However, it is not a question of relegating it to the bottom of the garden, for example in a kennel: I would hardly tolerate it and separation anxiety symptoms would be very likely to appear.

Last but not least, It should be noted that the female of the Lagotto Romagnolo reaches psychological maturity long before the male.

Education

The Lagatto Romagnolo he is intelligent and devoted: very eager to please, he has in his heart to understand what his owner wants, and meet your expectations. This makes it an easy dog ​​to train and suitable even for a beginner..

The most experienced people can go a long way in their education, because it was selected to quickly understand complex commands. It is not by chance that he often shines in obedience competitions.

Having said that, the practice in which you can excel the most is, of course, truffle hunt, allowing you to exploit your developed sense of smell. This does not require a great effort, since it is very easy to train a truffle dog, as long as you know how to do it.

Whatever your future mission, it is best to base the training of the Romagna Water Dog in playful and varied exercises. In effect, his intelligence and alertness mean that he can get bored quickly if the sessions are repetitive. It is also important not to go for methods that are too strict for your taste.; it is better to bet on positive reinforcement, that motivates you to learn and makes things easier.

In any case, the fact that he is docile and obedient does not exempt you from having clear house rules, and to teach you quickly. As with any dog, You have to decide from the beginning what you can do and what you are not allowed to do., and try to keep it after, namely, be consistent over time. This consistency should also apply from one family member to another.: everyone must enforce the same rules, uniformly. If these conditions are not respected, the child is likely confused, having difficulty understanding what is expected of him, what is and what is not allowed.

Health

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a generally resistant dog: when you are not experiencing any major health problems, can live long enough until 17 years, which is significantly above the average of its congeners that have such a template.

In addition, its thick coat protects it not only from water and humidity, but also from the cold., it can live very well in significantly less accommodating climates than its native Italy., its origins explain that it is not particularly sensitive to high temperatures.

Despite his good general health, It, like all races, particularly susceptible to certain diseases, in this case, is about:

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a disease whose onset may be favored by a hereditary predisposition, which especially affects medium to large sized dogs.This is an abnormal conformation of the hip joint, that can cause pain, lameness and some difficulty moving.It also promotes the formation ofosteoarthritis aAs the animal ages, if the problem is detected early, some surgeries can delay the effects of the disease or relieve symptoms;
  • The Dysplasiadelcodo, a developmental problem of the elbow joint that causes pain or lameness., also leads to the development ofosteoarthritis.Like hip, a hereditary predisposition may increase the likelihood of it occurring Consequences can be limited thanks to surgical intervention, to be done as soon as possible;
  • The juvenile epilepsy, an inherited disease of the nervous system characterized by seizures, generally observable from the first 5 - 9 puppy weeks.In the majority of cases, symptoms go away on their own around the 4 months of age, although some dogs with the disease continue to experience occasional episodes of seizures into adulthood.The gene that originates it is particularly widespread in Lagotto Romagnolo: according to the data provided by the laboratories that carry out the tests to identify the disease (Optigen in the United States, Mydogdna in Germany and Genoscoper in Finland) 46. % of the representatives of the tested breed carry it., only 3% of the total population actually suffer from the symptoms of the disease;
  • The ataxia cerebelosa, a neurological disease causing an inherited movement coordination disorder., it is also a source of involuntary muscle contractures problems.There is no treatment forla ataxia cerebelosa, whose symptoms worsen and lead todog euthanasiaabout two years after its appearance;
  • Abiotrofia cerebelosa, a nerve condition that can be inherited and is caused by the degeneration of certain brain cells Its main symptoms are tremors and inappropriate movements, especially when facing an obstacle.There is no cure for this disease, but it does not cause physical suffering to the dog., as the situation progressively worsens, there comes a time when the disability is too severe, so euthanasia is recommended;
  • Distrofia neuroaxonal, which corresponds to an accumulation of various substances in neurons. It is the particular cause of head tremors, Balance disorders or even falls These symptoms usually appear in the puppy's first month There is no treatment for this potentially inherited disease, which very often leads to the euthanasia of the animal;
  • Lysosomal storage disease, an inherited neurological disorder that often leads to euthanasia., is at the origin of uncoordinated movements and loss of balance, according to a study published in 2015 in the scientific journal PLOS Genetics and entitled “Missense in the ATG4D gene links aberrant autophagy with neurodegenerative vacuolar storage disease“, approximately 12% of the Lagotti are carriers of the genetic mutation at the origin of this disease There is no cure and things are only getting worse;Therefore, an affected subject dies very young or ends up being euthanized.
  • The waterfall, a disease causing progressive loss of vision due to clouding of the lens, sometimes inherited and mainly affecting the elderly, can be cured with a surgical operation;
  • Infections ofear (otitis, etc.), due to the hanging shape of his ears.

In addition, the Romagna Water Dog also poses a risk of being overweight. Not to be taken lightly, since being overweight can lead to various health problems, but also aggravate pathologies already present in the affected animal.

However, Many of the diseases to which the breed is exposed are or may be of hereditary origin., the utmost vigilance is required when choosing acreator of Lagotto Romagnolo.A professional worthy of the name, as well as ensuring that your puppies benefit from good socialization from their first weeks, is committed to maximizing the chances that they will be healthy and stay that way., is in charge of carefully selecting its breeders, making them pass various genetic tests to avoid any transmission to their descendants of a possible hereditary defect., must be able to present the results of such tests, that may also have been done on the little ones themselves., must present a veterinary certificate attesting to the good health of the puppy whose adoption is being considered, as well as your health or vaccination history, the latter in particular confirms that the animal has received the various required vaccinations.

Once the latter returns to his new home, It is worth remembering that a dog is particularly vulnerable during its first few months., inappropriate physical activities (too long and / or too intense) can easily cause injury, but also affect the proper development of bones and joints, with potentially long-lasting consequences., it is better to wait for him to reach adulthood to take him for long walks or hunt for truffles for hours, for example.This is even more true that this breed is particularly prone to some joint problems (Hip Dysplasiaandelbow dysplasia).

From then on, It is not because you are an adult that you should no longer worry about your health., should benefit like any dog ​​from close monitoring, including a visit to the vet once a year, and even more regularly when you are older, this allows the professional to perform a complete check-up of your health, and sometimes detect a problem that a less informed eye like the owner's could not, yet, This is also the perfect time to take any booster dose.

In addition to the diseases against which the latter protect you, it is also necessary to ensure that you are permanently protected against parasites and the risks they imply.Therefore, It is the responsibility of the owner to renew the antiparasitic treatments of his companion throughout the year.This is even more important for people who spend a lot of time outdoors..

Life expectancy

13 years

Food

Feeding a Romagna Water Dog it's not especially difficult: a balanced and good quality industrial feed is perfectly adequate. However, it is important to choose products and establish portions adapted to their age, health and level of physical activity.

The latter can vary significantly during the year, especially in the case of an individual used for truffle hunting during the winter season. It is then necessary to adjust upwards the amount of food that is given each day, so that you benefit from a sufficient energy supply and can work in good conditions. On the other hand, once the period in question has ended, servings should return to normal level, to prevent you from suffering from overweight problems.

When the dog is young, the ration must be adapted to the growth period in which it is. This is especially important because an improper diet could be detrimental to the physical development of the puppy.: if the food is too rich or is given in too large quantities, could grow too fast, which could lead to joint problems. Otherwise, insufficient nutrition could lead to deficiencies and growth problems.

This is especially true because the Lagotto Romagnolo is easily prone to obesity. That is why it is important to pay attention to the evolution of your weight and weigh it twice a month.. If a discrepancy is observed, which is confirmed or even increased in the following measurements, it is necessary to visit the vet. Only a professional can safely determine the cause of weight gain, which may not be related to the dog's diet or activity level, but with a disease or a treatment, for example. Once the cause of the problem has been identified, the vet will be able to advise how to remedy it and return the dog to a healthy weight.

In any case, the fact that the Romagna Water Dog being prone to obesity implies that some caution should be exercised regarding the use of treats, although they can be very useful, especially in the context of training. Ideally, opt for low-calorie products and deduct their caloric intake from your daily ration.

This propensity to be overweight also justifies dividing your daily ration into multiple meals.: even if I have a sweet tooth, less likely to order food when you know another is waiting for you later.

Last but not least, like any dog, the Lagotto Romagnolo a bowl of clean, fresh water should always be available to you.

Grooming

The Lagotto Romagnolo is covered in thick, curly fur that needs a lot of maintenance.

First of all, it is necessary to brush it about twice a week, to avoid knot formation. The longer the coat, more important is to take the opportunity to examine it to remove dirt and other weeds, and undo the knots, especially around the joints: this will prevent injury or irritation caused by rubbing. It is also a good idea to get used to examining their coat after a long period in a humid environment or with very dense vegetation..

On the other hand, sheds very little and has no seasonal shedding periods. If we add to this that he does not drool much, This makes it an especially appreciated companion for people who are very attached to cleanliness., but also for those who suffer from allergies. For this reason, are often presented as a hypoallergenic dog breed, but you have to remember that none of them is 100% hypoallergenic and that the amount of allergens emitted can vary significantly from one individual to another, even within the same race. Therefore, there is nothing to replace a test in real conditions, consisting of spending a few hours in the company of the animal whose adoption is being considered.

Regarding the bathroom, a monthly frequency is adequate to keep the dog's coat clean. Lagotto Romagnolo, without affecting its natural ability to resist water and inclement weather. However, it is important to use a mild shampoo specially designed for dogs, otherwise your skin will be damaged, and do not dry or brush it after bathing, which could damage your beautiful curls.

In addition, their hairs grow quickly and require regular trimming, at the rate of some 3 or 4 times a year. The latter can be done by a professional dog groomer or directly by its owner, if he knows how to do it.

Ears of the Lagotto Romagnolo require rigorous maintenance, since its hanging shape and the hairs that grow around it constitute fertile ground for the development of infections caused by the accumulation of moisture and dirt. Therefore, it is imperative to examine and clean them weekly, as well as after every long outing in nature. This is especially important if the animal has been in a humid environment or has been swimming., and it is important to dry it well. In addition, it is recommended to regularly trim the hair around the ears to prevent wax and dirt from settling there.

You should also check your eyes weekly and clean the area around them if they are dirty.. Hair around the eyes can cause infections to develop there too. If to that we add that they can obstruct the vision of the dog, the interest of cutting them regularly is easily understood.

Regarding the teeth, they must be brushed regularly to avoid the formation of dental plaque, which can itself be the cause of many oral problems. The ideal is daily brushing and, in any case, it is better not to brush less than once a week. In any case, it is advisable to systematically use a toothpaste intended for the canine species.

The claws of the Lagotto Romagnolo they tend to be much less demanding in terms of maintenance, especially if you spend a lot of time outdoors: this usually allows them to file naturally. However, it is convenient to make sure that it really is like this. In fact, if they get too long, can hinder the dog's movements, and even hurt you a lot if they break. If you hear them rubbing against the ground when walking on hard surfaces, It is a sign that you have to cut them manually.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or even claws, take care of a Lagotto Romagnolo requires mastering a series of gestures. If they are not necessarily complex, better make sure you do them correctly, not only for good results, but also and above all so as not to risk hurting your partner, or even injure him. Therefore, the first time it may be wise to make an appointment with the vet or a groomer, to learn from a professional how to proceed. In any case, it is advisable to accustom your pet to this type of manipulation as soon as possible, Since, otherwise, maintenance sessions may be particularly unpleasant for you.

Utility

Originally, the Lagotto Romagnolo used -and selected- to recover the game that fell into the water. This selection explains its particularly waterproof coat and its very pronounced taste for swimming..

Since the end of the 19th century, after the drying up of many swamps in its Romagna natal, is dedicated body and soul to the search for truffles. Today, it is the only breed of dog that is bred specifically for this task. Her highly developed sense of smell and her innate propensity to search by digging holes make her a true expert in this field..

He is also an excellent companion dog today, that is sociable and easy to train. They are suitable for beginners and are especially suited to families, especially those who are quite active. They are especially popular with those allergic to dogs, as they shed very little hair and only release a small amount of allergenic proteins. However, no dog can be considered 100% hypoallergenic, therefore compatibility cannot be guaranteed: there is nothing to replace a trial period of several hours with the person whose adoption is being considered.

Wide awake, the Lagotto Romagnolo It is also an excellent alert dog that does not hesitate to bark when an unfamiliar person approaches its home. On the other hand, can't really take on the role of watchdog, since they are not aggressive or threatening to strangers, and it would be highly unlikely that they would scare them away.

On the other hand, His excellent sense of smell obviously works wonders in crawling competitions and, of course, in the romps. They can also be distinguished in dog sports that highlight their great energy and intelligence, like agility, flyball or obedience.

Last but not least, due to his friendly and always uniform temperament, sometimes used as a therapy dog, for example in hospitals, schools or prisons.

Price

In France and Belgium, the price of a puppy Lagotto Romagnolo ranges between 800 and 1.500 EUR, and the average is about 1.100 EUR.

In its country of origin, Italy, you have to tell about 600 - 1400 EUR. For a person who doesn't live very far, import may be an option to consider, since there are many more farms there, and therefore a greater offer.

In canada, breeders usually ask for an amount that is around 2400 canadian dollars. However, patience is often necessary, since the small number of breeders in the country makes it common to find oneself on a waiting list. This is especially true if you are looking for a puppy of a certain color..

The amount to pay to adopt a puppy from Lagotto Romagnolo in the United States it ranges from 1.800 and 2.500 American dollars.

In the case of an import from abroad, It is advisable to bear in mind that additional costs must be added to the purchase price: administrative expenses, quarantine, transport…

In any case, whatever the country, the price that is asked depends on the prestige of the kennel and the lineage from which the puppy comes, as well as its intrinsic characteristics, particularly on the physical plane, namely, its greater or lesser conformity with the standard. In addition, it is this point that explains why important price differences are sometimes observed within the same litter.

Characteristics “Romagna Water Dog”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Romagna Water Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Romagna Water Dog”

Photos:

1 – “Romagna Water Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/lagotto-romagnolo-perro-cachorro-4272671/
2 – “Romagna Water Dog” at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Romagna Water Dog” La Gottis Campione by Flickr
4 – “Romagna Water Dog” by Rdo01, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Romagna Water Dog” during the dog show in Katowice, Polonia by Lilly M, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Romagna Water Dog” 2½-year-old female by Entheta, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Romagna Water Dog”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 3: Water Dogs
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Romagna Water Dog"

FCIFCI - "Romagna Water Dog"
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Lagotto Romagnolo (English).
    2. Lagotto Romagnolo, Lagotto (French).
    3. Lagotto Romagnolo (German).
    4. Lagotto romagnolo (Portuguese).
    5. Lagotto romagnolo, Lagotto de Romagna, Perro de laguna de Romagna (Spanish).

Stabyhoun
Holanda FCI 222 . Spaniel type

Stabyhoun

The Stabyhoun is very similar to the Dutch Partridge Dog, but smaller. It is practically unknown outside the Netherlands.

Content

History

The Stabyhoun, o Stabijhoun, it is one of the five rarest dog breeds in the world. Created in the 19th century, is recognized as the national treasure of the Netherlands. How could it be otherwise with just 1.000 live specimens? It comes from the forest lands of Friesland. Poor farmers, they couldn't afford more than one dog, they really needed a versatile worker. From hunting to livestock surveillance and protection, it was also able to eliminate rodents. In fact, could do almost anything.

It is possible that it descended from Spaniels imported to the Netherlands by the Spanish and crossed with the Dutch Partridge Dog. He would also have family ties with him Small Münsterländer.

It is very little known outside its country of origin.

Photo: “Stabyhoun” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhounlayingingrass.jpg

Physical characteristics

The Stabyhoun has a robust complexion and beautiful black fur, brown or orange, sometimes with white markings. The straight hair is of medium length, smooth and silky to the touch. They are medium-sized dogs.

Height and weight

    Male size: Of 53 - 53 cm.

    Female size: Of 50 - 50 cm.

    Male weight: Of 15 - 20 kg

    Female weight: Of 14 - 20 kg

Character and skills

If you are lucky enough to meet a Stabyhoun, you will surely appreciate his docile character. Calm and patient, they are intelligent dogs that can sometimes be stubborn. Extremely patient with children and other animals, this breed is, with the proper education, both obedient and loyal to its owner. Although the Stabyhoun has a calm temperament on the inside, requires a lot of exercise and physical activity.

They are distrustful of strangers, but they are not aggressive by nature. His education is easy to work with because he is obedient in nature. However, it must be started from its first months with benevolent and consistent methods.

The Stabyhoun he is a dog very close to his master, making it hard for him to bear loneliness. Periods of loneliness can cause anxiety and lead to behavioral disorders such as destruction or barking. He is also a loud dog that barks regularly., which can lead to neighborhood problems.

With his hunting instinct he can be a fugitive to follow a trail, if your property is not properly fenced.

Health

The Stabyhoun it is a strong and robust dog that is not affected by any particular pathology. However, fear heat and should not stay in a shady spot during a heat wave, as you are at risk of severe heat stroke.

Grooming

The Stabyhoun it is a resistant dog that does not require much maintenance. Its coat should be brushed regularly to avoid knots.

Looking at your eyes and ears, they must be cleaned regularly, especially if it is a dog that lives abroad.

Characteristics “Stabyhoun”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Stabyhoun” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Stabyhoun”

Photos:

1 – “Stabyhoun” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhoun.jpg
2 – 10 month old adolescent Stabij by Molliever, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – A picture of a stabyhoun wetterhoun pup for the stabyhoun wiki page by Daisai Gaming, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Stabijs – world dog show 2010 by MJ Klaver
5 – “Stabyhoun” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Binky_Stabyhoun.jpg
6 – “Stabyhoun” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhoun_with_11_puppies.jpg

Videos “Stabyhoun”

Stabyhoun puppy, mum and Welsh Springer Spaniel playing
Working Stabyhoun

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 222
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • AKCHound
  • FSSFoundation Stock Service
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard “Stabyhoun”

FCIFCI – “Stabyhoun”
Frisian loser FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Stabij, Beike, Stabijhoun, Fryske Stabij (English).
    2. Stabyhoun (French).
    3. Stabijhoun (German).
    4. (em alemão: stabyhoun) (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de muestra frisón, Perro de muestra de Frisia (Spanish).

Hanoverian Scenthound
Germany FCI 213 . Leash (scent) Hounds

Hanoverian Scenthound

The Hanoverian Scenthound He is a dog with a very good sense of smell, specialized in locating injured prey.

Content

History

The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a medium sized hunting dog.

He is a highly developed specialist, but at the same time versatile in hunting. Tracking is the supreme discipline of a hunting dog, that the Hanoverian Scenthound dominates like no other. In the crawl, keep track of injured animals on a hunt. A fast and infallible work of the dog is decisive to reduce the suffering of the injured animal. This task is old, but no less relevant today.

The Hanoverian Scenthound dates back to archaic dog breeds. Bloodhounds are also called “Bracken”. For hunting, which was an important way of life for our ancestors for thousands of years, dogs with a particularly good sense of smell and an intelligent sense of detection were of elementary importance. The scent dogs were also indispensable to hunt criminals. Before the introduction of firearms, hunters had to stalk the game much closer. This is what guide dogs were for. From them emerged the hounds of today. This type of dog is probably over 10.000 years. For the Teutons a good “trail dog” was worth more than a horse. This is attested by a legal text of more than 1000 years old, el Lex Baiuwariorum. In the baroque era, wealthy princes ran the so-called hunting courts. This was a kind of college for hunting with a practical orientation. One of the first was the “Hanover hound”. Here these hounds were systematically bred and trained from 1657.

Breeding according to current standards started in Erfurt in 1894 with the founding of the Hirschmann club, that is still very successful with this breed today. Their breeding has been extremely responsibly organized since time immemorial. Therefore, vital and healthy dogs with great temperament and excellent performance can be reliably bred even today.

The Hanoverian Scenthound is a hunting dog, but also a good family dog ​​and companion in everyday life. It has to be. His controller has to be ready to act with him at any time, for example, if there has been a traffic accident and it is necessary to find an injured deer or wild boar. You don't have to be a hunter or a ranger to get a puppy from a Hirschmann club breeder, but you do have to be a member of this club and take a training course for trainers of the Hanoverian Scenthound. Between 40 and 60 puppies are bred every year under the umbrella of the German Canine Federation – VDH.

Photo: Hanover Hound by TobiasHR, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a strong dog of medium size. By the size of her body, tends to have short legs, as this is advantageous when you must do your nose job close to the ground. Males are larger and heavier than females. Males must have a height at the withers of 50 - 55 centimeters with a weight of 30 - 40 kg. Bitches must have a height at the withers of 48 - 53 centimeters and a weight of 25 - 35 kg. The official standard describes their appearance this way:

The overall look of the powerful Hanoverian Scenthound is that of a medium-sized dog, well proportioned and powerful. Well-positioned and heavily muscled front and rear limbs allow you to work with resistance. Legs too high, especially an oversized right, they impede work with a deep nose and are out of character. The wide and deep chest provides plenty of room for the lungs and allows for long and grueling chases. The slightly wrinkled forehead and the light and dark eye give the Hanoverian Scenthound his typical serious facial expression.

The ears are of medium length and, held high on the head, falls. Its pelage is short, dense, thick. Typical of the breed is the basic reddish color, which can range from light pale red to dark brindle, almost black.

Character and skills

The Hanoverian Scenthound is a thoroughbred hunting dog with alert senses, but without any kind of nervousness. As long as you don't have a smell in your nose, impresses with a thoughtful nature, quiet and extremely gentle, that for us humans radiates pure slowdown. On the way he shows his passion and follows her with loud barks. The FCI standard describes its nature as follows:

Quiet and safe nature, but sensitive towards its controller. Selective and reserved with strangers. High concentration capacity in hunting tracking work with a pronounced herd relationship to the main hunter.

The Hanoverian Scenthound he is a very efficient working dog, who fulfills his tasks conscientiously and with the greatest commitment. Exploring nature together with him and his higher senses is a very special experience and happiness. Its balanced nature, even sovereign, his social qualities and human kindness make him an excellent family dog.

Fitness

A Hanoverian Scenthound not a companion dog for the city. Not an apartment dog, but a passionate hunting assistant who wants and needs the job. Otherwise, his attitude is completely undemanding. Ideally, you should live with your humans in a house on the edge of the forest or in the country with a garden. This already results from your task, which must also be that of your caregiver: the search.

The hunting dog team, composed of the dog and the handler, be prepared at all times to search for injured game animals on behalf of the local hunting community, either after a hunt or a traffic accident. This task should also be shared by the whole family. The challenges are great in all aspects: all kinds of weather, day or night, crawl hard through dense terrain and open terrain, safely in search of an injured and perhaps aggressive animal, think about the boar. The hound must be able to be directed by its handler at all times. These are challenges that are unmatched in dog sports. In everyday life he is sociable and discreet. You can do everything with it.

Education

The Hanoverian Scenthound is a deeply friendly and eager to learn four-legged friend, that makes it easier for your trainer to train and educate you, as well as working with him. Want and need this guide. But it is not a dog that waits for orders from its keeper. You can't teach him, but you can train him excellently based on positive reinforcement and deep emotional confidence.

As dogs have only been allowed to breed for many generations if they have mastered many demanding behavioral tests, its performance level is extremely high. This is at the same time a commitment to the management of this dog.

Care and health

The Hanoverian Scenthound does not require any special care.

Brushing the dog's coat weekly is enough to get rid of the various debris collected during the walk or hunting and to remove dead hairs.

However, it is recommended to regularly inspect your ears. In fact, as in any breed of dog with lop ears, have an increased risk of otitis. Ear wax and accumulated bacteria can cause such infections.

To protect you from dental problems, the dog's teeth should be brushed regularly. Ideally, this should be at least two or three times a week.

In addition, when you return from long walks with your dog or hunting, it is a good idea to check the parts of your body that may be damaged, especially the legs, tail and ears.

You should also regularly check for parasites and make sure your dog receives proper pest control treatment..

At last, the dog's nails should be trimmed if they are too long. This is particularly necessary if the dog does not regularly walk on very hard surfaces such as concrete..

Typical diseases of the breed:

Although the Hanoverian Scenthound do not have a congenital predisposition to any particular pathology, is particularly prone to ear infections in dogs. To prevent these infections, it is advisable to inspect the dog's ears regularly.

It can also be sensitive to anesthetics and pose entropion risks (the edge of the eyelid is turned inward, which makes the eyelashes and skin rub against the eye) the ectropion (the eyelid is turned out, exposing the conjunctiva and possibly causing eye infections).

It also presents a risk of obesity for the dog, if you are overfed and / or lead a too sedentary life.

In addition, the main risks to which it is exposed as a hunting dog are insect bites or stings (of vipers, for example), as well as insolation. To avoid this, it is better to avoid hunting in the hottest hours of the day.

At last, you also run the risk of being injured by hunting (wild boar, Deer…). This risk is particularly important for the Hanoverian Scenthound, who is very stubborn at work and never gives up, even when he's hurt.

Nutrition / Food

The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a hardy dog ​​that is not difficult to feed. Quality industrial dog food is ideal for him, ideally divided into two meals a day.

If you hunt, the dog's diet must be adapted to this activity and its seasonality: one month before opening, it may be necessary to make your dog lose weight if he has gained too much weight during winter. This can be done by reducing your servings or by eating a lower calorie diet..

On the other hand, once hunting season begins, the dietary and energy needs of the dog are increased by its high physical activity, and it is necessary, on the other hand, or increase servings by 10 - 20% or give him a richer diet.

In addition, it is preferable to divide the meals during a hunting day: a small amount of food should be given before departure, and then another at noon, to avoid syncope due to hypoglycemia. This portion is preferably warm and moist so that it is digested faster, so as not to overwhelm you before intense exercise, that could make you sick (vomiting…). The largest portion is given at night.

Life expectancy

This breed of dog has a life expectancy of about 12 years.

Buy a “Hanoverian Scenthound”

If you are interested in a Hanoverian Scenthound, you must contact him Club Hirschmann well in advance of your planned purchase. Puppies are only released to members on a set schedule. Then you should be able and willing to give this species appropriate living conditions for this hunting dog for at least 10 years. A puppy of this breed costs about 850 EUR.

Characteristics “Hanoverian Scenthound”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Hanoverian Scenthound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Hanoverian Scenthound”

Photos:

1 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hs-hannoverscher-schweisshund-macho-5226519/
2 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193568/
3 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/terrier-hannoverscher-schweisshund-4453683/
4 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193562/
5 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193559/
6 – Hanoverian Scenthound by Hirschmann Association, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Hanoverian Scenthound”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 213
  • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
  • Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds.
  • UKCScenthounds

FCI breed standard “Hanoverian Scenthound”

FCIFCI – “Hanoverian Scenthound”
Hannover FCI Tracker

Alternative names:

    1. Hanoverian Hound, Hanoverian Scenthound, Hannover’scher Schweisshund (English).
    2. Chien de rouge du Hanovre (French).
    3. Hannoversche Schweisshunde (German).
    4. (em alemão: hannover’scher schweisshund) (Portuguese).
    5. Sabueso de Hannover (Spanish).

Taiwan Dog
Taiwán FCI 348 . Primitive type - Hunting Dogs

Taiwan Dog

The Taiwan Dog is sponsored by Japan.

Content

History “Taiwan Dog”

In 1980 the breed was the subject of a study by the University of Taiwan, Gifu University of Japan and Nagoya University. The aim of the study was to find out the origins of the Taiwan Dog. To do this, the students examined 29 indigenous dog breeds and concluded that the Taiwan Dog current is a native breed that actually descends from Southeast Asian hunting dogs. This Asian dog breed is now popular throughout the island as a guard and companion dog.. In 2004 was officially recognized by the FCI.

Physical characteristics “Taiwan Dog”

The males of Taiwan Dog reach a withers height of up to 52 cm.. When fully grown they weigh 18 kg, while the females are about 5 cm smaller and 2 kg lighter. Muscular animals characteristically move with very wide strides, but they are fast and agile due to their pronounced musculature. The Taiwan Dog has a very tight coat of about 1,5 - 3 26cm in length. A variety of colors is allowed, including black, striped, yellow, white, black and white or white and brindle. Sponsorship of the breed was taken over by Japan.

Character and skills “Taiwan Dog”

Sociable and loyal hunting companion.
His brave and intrepid character serves the Taiwan Dog in his role as hunting dog. Animals are known for their quick perception and the fact that they are faithful and loyal to their master.. They are also suitable as guard and dressage dogs and are considered extremely sociable.

TAIWAN DOG

They adapt very well to the environment and that is why they were able to live so incredibly well with primitive peoples in the past.. In addition, these dogs can survive in the desert in the middle of the mountains, they can stand out excellently and can cope with almost all situations. All these strong qualities can be traced back to his previous harsh life with the prehistoric peoples of the mountains.. Your skills are also improved by working together with people. This builds trust between the dog and the man., friendships and shared experiences. The Taiwan Dog they are big and simple family dogs. Because of life in the desert, do not have a great demand for food. The Taiwan dogs they can even be used as protection dogs and as police dogs, because they have this unmistakable good sense of smell and are ready to defend themselves.

Until today these dogs are known mainly in the Asian region. In Europe they have not been able to arouse comparable popularity so far.

Health “Taiwan Dog”

The Taiwan Dog are extremely resistant to disease.

Videos “Taiwan Dog”

Taiwan Dog
Perro de montaña de Formosa / Perro de Taiwan / Taiwan Dog – Raza de Perro / Dog Breed

Photos:

1 – Taiwan dog by https://pixabay.com/zh/photos/taiwan-dogs-dog-the-black-dog-4890098/

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 348
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 7: Primitive type – Hunting Dogs. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 7: Primitive type - Hunting Dogs.

FCI breed standard “Taiwan Dog”

Taiwan Dog FCI Taiwan Dog FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Formosan Mountain Dog, Takasago Dog, Taiwan Canis, Taiwanese Dog, Taiwanse Canis (English).
    2. Chien de Taïwan (French).
    3. Taiwan Dog (German).
    4. Cão de taiwan (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de montaña de Formosa (Spanish).

Peruvian Hairless Dog
Perú FCI 310 . Primitive type

Peruvian Hairless Dog

The Peruvian Hairless Dog is a friendly and adaptable companion.

Content

History

The exact origin of the Peruvian Hairless Dog. However, their ancestors seem to be deeply rooted in Peru: Illustrations on the vessels of Moche culture, show hairless dogs already in the 750 AC. Later, these funny animals were reserved for the rich Incas, who took care not to mate them with other native dogs. It was also the Incas who banned the consumption of dog meat in the northern regions of Peru.

When the Spaniards conquered the country, found many naked dogs among the orchids of the Incas, so the Europeans called them “perros de las flores“. During the period of conquest, the breed was almost extinct, but some specimens survived in remote villages where the inhabitants valued them for the partly mythical qualities attributed to them: Because of its special appearance, four-legged creatures were said to have a healing effect on certain diseases, for example, bone and joint diseases.

In 1985, the world's largest dog breeding organization, the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI), recognized the Peruvian Hairless Dog as an independent race. So today there are officially three breeds of naked dogs. Besides of Peruvian Hairless Dog, these are the Mexican Naked Dog, also known by the beautiful name of “Mexican hairless dog“, and the Chinese Crested Dog. The three races are closely related to each other.

Physical characteristics

The name says it all: The most striking thing about most Peruvian Hairless Dog that's what's missing: the coat. However, the standard allows for some locks on the head and tail even in naked dogs without hair. Skin can be light or dark in different shades of color, smooth or white-spotted. However, not all naked dogs are naked, because there's a variant with hair: the so-called “Furry”, that are indispensable for breeding for health reasons. About a third of naked dogs belong to this group.

From 2013 hairy variants can also be seen in canine exhibitions, since they have been added to the standard. Your hair should be short and soft, all colors are allowed. The Peruvian Hairless Dog reminds the greyhounds in their physique. This slender breed of dog has large erect ears that can rest back, an elegantly curved and hanging tail and an athletic complexion.

Naked dog lovers can enjoy three size variations:

– The small version has a shoulder height of 25 - 40 cm..
– The median 40 - 50 cm..
– The Greats Peruvian Hairless Dog have between 50 and 65 height cm.

Weight varies as a result of 4 - 25 kg. Only a few Peruvian Hairless Dog have a full denture, but these usually include all representatives of the furry variant.

Character and skills

The Peruvian Hairless Dog is a friendly and adaptable companion. He prefers to be with his human with the one who has a close relationship. It belongs to very sociable dogs. He likes to integrate into a family and quickly befriends other pets and children. It is said that many Peruvian Hairless Dog protect fervently, especially the women and children of the herd. Here it is important to be careful when visiting the children that the Peruvian interprets offensive situations for his protégé and rushes to help his little two-legged friend without needing.

Vivacious and curious, is a wonderful companion for outdoor activities, but behaves calmly and relaxed inside. He especially likes to get comfortable on his owner's lap and enjoys the closeness and warmth. To strangers he is often distant and alert, but not aggressive.

Education

Like a dog of the original type, the Peruvian Hairless Dog it also provides original behavior in the man-animal relationship. That's why it makes sense in educational matters if you already have any experience with dogs. However, even ambitious beginners can successfully train a Peruvian Hairless Dog. Clear rules and consistency are, as in most dogs, the key to success.

The Peruvian Hairless Dog is a sensitive four-legged friend – hard you'll only get the opposite with it – will retire. Some Peruvian Hairless Dog tend to get scared or fear new situations. Therefore, it is especially important to train this dog extensively and at the right pace to different situations without overloading it.

Your breeder will be able to give you some advice when you buy a puppy. Whether on a train journey, on a trip to the city center or on a visit home, introduce your partner into these everyday situations since you're a puppy. Regular training at a canine school, preferably already with the young puppy in the form of playgroups for puppies, is highly recommended and also reinforces the social side of the Peruvian Hairless Dog.

Raising the “Peruvian Hairless Dog”

As already mentioned, during mating a special health characteristic must be taken into account: During breeding, the furry ones, namely, hairy representatives of the breed, should be crossed regularly. The reason for this is that the dominant allele of hairlessness can only lead to viable embryos in combination with a hair allele, namely, Heterozygosity. Hairless homozygotic embryos are already reabsorbed into the uterus. As pure breeding for lack of hair is therefore not possible, hairless naked dogs also occur over and over again.

The Peruvian Hairless Dog they usually have an incomplete denture, what doesn't usually restrict them. With light-skinned specimens, especially at the beginning of summer, it's important to make sure they get used slowly in the sunlight, then tanning. Sun protection also makes sense, because otherwise dogs can develop severe sunburn, especially when they like to go to sunny places. Also in winter some specimens need climate protection in the form of a dog coat, because if they can't run, cool down quickly during the normal walk. Smaller variants of the breed are more sensitive to this than larger ones.

A Peruvian Hairless Dog can reach an age of up to 15 years.

Care

With the naked representatives of the breed you can leave the comb with confidence. In addition, has the great advantage that it can normally detect parasites in the skin of the Peruvian Hairless Dog immediately and apply the appropriate antidotes – from tick tweezers to flea repellent. However, even the Peruvian Hairless Dog needs regular care. If required – some owners recommend once a week – wash it with a sponge and a gentle dog shampoo. Some Peruvian Hairless Dog tend to have dry skin, which can be remedied with soft moisturizers for fragrance-free babies or with olive or coconut oil. In summer, sunscreen is an indispensable tool for light-colored dogs. Cut the claws of your Peruvian Hairless Dog if they get too long and clean your four-legged friend's ears with a dog ear cleaner if necessary.

Buy a “Peruvian Hairless Dog”

The Peruvian Hairless Dog are rare in Europe and therefore breeders are rare. Find the right umbrella organizations in your country, that can help you in your search. In Germany, for example, club f'r Exotische Rassehunde e.V. has a list of breeders, switzerland has a “Swiss Naked Dog Club of Latin America”, which is dedicated to the promotion of the two breeds of dogs: the Xoloitzcuintle and the Peruvian Hairless Dog. In these clubs and similar ones you can find information and contacts of ambitious breeders. Considering possible adoptions across national borders, consider what to consider when adopting puppies from abroad.

As a fan of naked dogs, you probably know the closely related races, the Xoloitzcuintle and the Chinese Crested Dog – maybe one of these dogs might also be an option for you and you're more likely to be in your region. In addition, openness to the other two races, as well as the crosses, it's usually a good idea if you want to give a home to a naked older dog. This usually requires some research. But in the meantime, keywords such as “naked dogs in distress” on the Internet promise successes that lead naked adult dogs to look for a new place to live. Try to find out as much as possible about the story of your potential new fourth-legged partner.

Characteristics “Peruvian Hairless Dog”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Peruvian Hairless Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

3.9
Rated 3.9 out of 5
3.9 out of 5 stars (based on 22 reviews)
Excellent54%
Very good14%
Average9%
Poor14%
Terrible9%

Suitability of the apartment ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Peruvian Hairless Dog

Photos:

1 – “Peruvian Hairless Dog” by Paradais Sphynx, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Peruvian Hairless Dog” by No machine-readable author provided. Manuel González Olaechea assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Peruvian Hairless Dog” by Carlos Adampol Galindo from DF, Mexico, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Peruvian Hairless Dog” by Marina Alonso Esparré, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Peruvian Hairless Dog” by Carlos Adampol Galindo from DF, Mexico, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Peruvian Hairless Dog” by Carlos Adampol Galindo from DF, Mexico, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
7 – “Peruvian Hairless Dog” by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Peruvian Hairless Dog”

Why the peruvian hairless dog is the mascot of ancient Peru?
THE PERUVIAN HAIRLESS DOG – STRANGE OR CUTE?

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 310
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 6: Primitive type. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 6: Primitive type.

FCI standard of the breed Peruvian Hairless Dog

Peruvian Hairless Dog FCI Peruvian Hairless Dog FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Perro Sin Pelo de Perú, Inca Hairless Dog, Viringo, Peruvian Inca, Orchid, Calato, Peruvian Walking Dead dog, Dielmatian (English).
    2. Chien nu Inca (French).
    3. Peruanischen Nackthund (German).
    4. Perro Sin Pelo del Perú, viram (Portuguese).
    5. Perro calato, Perro chimo, Perro chimoc, Perro chimú, Perro de , orquídea peruano, Perro inca, Perro peruano, Perro peruano sin pelo, Perro pila, Perro sin pelo del Perú, Perro sin pelo peruano
    Viringo
    (Spanish).

Canaan Dog
Israel FCI 273 - Primitive type

Canaan Dog

Suspicious of strangers and very affectionate towards members of his clan

Content

History

The Canaan Dog belong to the group of “pariah dog”, found throughout the Afro-Asian region. They live near human settlements, tolerated by humans, but they are not encouraged or fed. For primitive peoples they are useful as a destroyer of all organic waste. Even today, the Canaan Dog they live in herds in the desert. If Bedouins need a guard dog for their camp or a herding dog for their sheep, They look for a wild female who raises her cubs in a cave, they throw a piece of bread at him every now and then until they have chosen the strongest male cub that will guard their camp in the future.

Cynologically, the “pariah dog” belong to the Spitz family, the oldest family of dogs in the world. Thousands of years old rock paintings show these dogs as hunting helpers. With the time, the original type of Spitz adapted to the situation of its environment. The Canaan Dog is the most developed form of the type Spitz in Israel today. The Canaan dogs still have strong survival instincts, what makes them smart, independent and also very cautious dogs.

The Canaan breed has been domesticated by outcast wild dogs, namely, by Rudolphina Menzel, a canine behaviorist and cynologist who emigrated from Vienna to Palestine in the 1930. He took some of them home and was amazed at how easily they were tamed and trained. They were lively and loving. The teacher Menzel I call them Canaan dogs honoring the biblical land of Canaan and campaigned for them to be recognized as a race.

Physical characteristics Canaan Dog

The height at the withers of these square animals, strong and medium in size is about 50 - 60 cm., while males are usually much larger than females. In general, sex characteristics between male and female dogs are very pronounced. For example, the rather broad skull of the Canaan Dog, that narrows at a point towards the front, is clearly visible, especially in males. The head is always well proportioned. Standing ears, slightly laterally arranged, triangular and wide, as well as his dark almond eyes, give you a very alert and intelligent expression. In fact, nothing escapes the watchman Canaan Dog, even when asleep.

HAIR:
Thick layer, rough and straight, short to medium length. The inner layer is very close and abundant.

COLOR:
Sandy to reddish brown, white, black or mottled, with or without mask. If there is a mask, must be symmetrical. A black mask and white markings are allowed for all colors. A pattern such as the Boston Terrier. Gray colors are not allowed, striped, black and tan or tricolor. The characteristic colors of the desert – sandy, Golden, Red and cream – are particularly typical of the breed.

Character and skills Canaan Dog

The Canaan Dog is lively, sensitive, distrustful of strangers, defensive, but not aggressive by nature. Watcher not only of humans, but also other animals. He is faithful and devoted to his family. The relationship with its owner means for him a partnership, both sides taking and giving. The Canaan Dog you don't have to follow your owner everywhere and submissively read every wish in his eyes. There are times when he shows his love and wants to be caressed. But other times he takes care of his own affairs and only belongs to himself. If one responds to his character, a deep understanding develops between man and animal, which is even more attractive, since one must acquire their trust and affection. This special bond makes it difficult to place Canaan Dog adults in new settings.

Protects their owner's children and shows a lot of tolerance towards the little ones. However, parents should ensure the dog has a chance to withdraw.

The Canaan Dog they are good watchdogs, but they are not attackers by nature. Only when a Canaan Dog you have the impression that he or his family is seriously threatened, will attack. The Canaan Dog barks as a warning, gives a dangerous appearance, and that is usually enough.

The Canaan Dog can react aggressively to other dogs who dare to pass by his property. Aggression between dogs of the same sex is not uncommon among Canaanites. Each Canaan is different. You have to watch it closely to know what collisions – with other dogs on walks – it is better to avoid.

Canaan Dog education

A Canaan Dog he would never do anything that could harm himself. Nor would he comply with his owner's orders without first questioning their meaning.. You can't demand obedience from this dog. However, once you have gained confidence in your human and recognize him as “leader of the pack”, is very cooperative and obedient. Loyalty to his master and his quick understanding make him, despite its independence, an easy-to-handle dog, who can learn the necessary basic obedience without restrictions. However, during training its primitive nature must be taken into account, so it certainly takes some compromises and tricks to convince the Canaan Dog that obedience is worth it. For inexperienced beginners, this self confident breed is not suitable.

Where can I get Canaan Dog?

Today, not only in his homeland Israel, but also in the US. and in several European countries, like germany, Finland, England, Italy or Switzerland, there are breeders who have dedicated themselves to this special and still very rare breed. The addresses of the breeders can be found in the national kennel clubs or, of course, on the Internet. If you are considering buying a Canaan, enough time should be taken to consider your purchase decision thoroughly. This is true of all dogs, but especially for him Canaan Dog, because this original and independent four-legged friend is no ordinary family dog.

Canaan Dog care

The rough coat naturally repels dirt and only needs to be brushed once or twice a week. Only in the phase of the biannual coat change should it come into contact with a brush or comb daily to remove dead hairs from the dense undercoat and reduce the tuft of carpet hairs, the sofa or the blanket.

Canaan Dog nutrition

While the Canaan, as “pariah dog” on freedom, forages for its own food and feeds on whatever organic waste humans leave behind, as a domestic dog it depends on the support of its owner. But what do you give such an original wild dog? In general: Dogs are carnivores by nature, no matter if they are Sheepdogs, Dachshund or even Canaan. This means that the food must be largely meat. (around the 70 per cent). Meat is the most important protein source for the dog. Its entire masticatory and digestive system is oriented to the processing of meat: the strong teeth, the strong chewing muscles, the relatively short intestinal tract and digestive juices that are quite aggressive in contrast to humans.

Canaan Dog health

The race Canaan Dog it is very healthy does not have typical diseases and is considered very clean.

Ratings of the Canaan dog

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Canaan Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Canaan Dog images

Photos:

1 – Canaan dog by Giora Sluzky, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Canaan dog by Canaan Dog, Kennel Samorodok Hanaanahttp://www.ruscanaan.ru, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Canaan dog by Giora Sluzky, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Canaan dog by SamorodokhanaanaCanaan Dogs from "Samorodok" http://www.ruscanaan.ru, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Canaan dog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1503483
6 – Canaan dog by Samorodokhanaanahttp://www.ruscanaan.ru, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
7 – Canaan dog by Arikk, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Canaan dog Videos

Canaan – Top 10 Facts
Canaan Dogs | Breed Judging 2020

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 273
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 6: Primitive type. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 6: Primitive type.
  • AKCHerding
  • ANKC – Group 7 (Nonsporting)
  • CKC – Group 7 (Nonsporting)
  • ​KCUtility
  • NZKCNonsporting
  • UKC – sighthounds and pariah

Canaan Dog breed FCI standard

Canaan Dog FCI Canaan Dog FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Bedouin Sheepdog, Palestinian Pariah Dog (English).
    2. Canaan dog (French).
    3. Canaan Dog, Israel-Spitz (German).
    4. Cão de canaã (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de Canaán, Kelev Kna’aní, kunean alkalb (Spanish).

Finnish Lapphund
Finlandia FCI 189 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

Finnish Lapponian Dog

In southern Europe it has been known for very recently, and is likely to succeed when its qualities are discovered.

Content

History

The Finnish Lapphund is a robust archetype of dog. In his native Finland he is called Suomenlapinkoira, which is also his official name. In Germany his friends call him Lappi To abreviate. He originally comes from herding dogs to the reindeer herds of the samis, Laponia, the settlement area of ​​the Sami, extends over large parts of the northern Scandinavian peninsula. It's no easy task herding the fast and agile reindeer in the rugged landscapes around the Arctic Circle. Like this, over many centuries, an extremely robust and reliable working dog was created. Apart from grazing, the Finnish Lapphund accompanied humans during the hunt. In the fields he guarded and protected the families of the samis, who had lived as nomads for a long time. In the shops he warmed his people at night.

This dog, that we hardly know today, it is one of the oldest dog breeds described in literature. Already the great Swedish naturalist scientist Carl von Linné described the Lapp dog about 1750 with the highest recognition, to mention just one example. Around 1900 the Finnish Lapphund was discovered by Finnish and Swedish dog lovers in the city as a companion dog. It had already gotten really weird then. First was the problem of finding the right dogs to create a kennel based on the ideas of modern pedigree dog breeding.. Because the Finnish Lapphund it was a little different in each tribe sami and as in all ancient races, it was quite diverse in itself.

A first definition of race was made in 1945 by the Finnish Kennel Club. There he was still called the lappish herding dog. In 1955 was officially recognized by the fCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale). In 1967 the name was changed to Lapphund. In 1993 received its current name from Finnish Lapphund. Like the name, also changed the determination of this original and ancient type of dog. Of the herding and hunting dog, modern breeding of purebred dogs made a companion. The appearance was unified and her coat was made considerably longer. However, has remained the herding dog, since he has lived for thousands of years as a companion of samis.

This rustic and very exciting dog is enjoying, with good reason and luck, growing popularity in recent years.

Physical characteristics

The Finnish Lapphund is a medium-sized representative of the original type dogs. It is a classic Nordic dog, which still shows its former role as a reindeer herd herding dog, hunting dog and guard dog. His charisma is breathtakingly sovereign. The Finnish Lapphund currently has a long and robust coat, insensitive to weather. It is a double coat with a rough top coat. It should not be curly. Males also have abundant mane. All coat colors are allowed, but a basic color must be clearly recognizable.

The Finnish Lapphund It has a height at the withers of about 49 cm in males and 44 centimeters in females. It is valid that the type is more important than the size. Weight is not prescribed by the standard. Their ears are usually upright. The tail is of medium length and abundantly provided with long hair.. In movement the tail should be curved over the back or to one side, at rest it can be carried hanging. The official standard describes the current Finnish Lapp in this way:

A little smaller than the average size dog, of strong constitution in relation to its size, whose body length slightly exceeds the height at the withers.

Character and skills

The Finnish Lapphund has remained a typical northern dog in nature. He combines originality and familiarity with his humans in a special way. The Lapp is not a “one man dog”, Although initially reserved with strangers. Usually announced with loud barks . It is a friendly member of the whole family. Has the qualities of a working dog and a family dog ​​at the same time. However, this requires certain storage conditions (see below). The Finnish Lapphund he still has the characteristics that have made him indispensable as a versatile helper of the people sami for thousands of years. Thus it can be understood that this original dog finds its way into the modern world without any problem and is even used successfully as an assistance or therapy dog..

The Finnish Lapphund he is a great companion, simple and docile that radiates a fresh character, rustic and sovereign. It's very peaceful. In general, there is still a lot of hunting instinct alive in Lapps dogs. However, this is pronounced individually very differently. In any case, it should generally be easy to control with a little common sense. The official standard briefly describes its nature as:

“Sparkly, brave, calm and eager to learn. Peaceful and reliable”. The Lapp is a great friend who deserves a much more important role in the world of dogs. The Finnish Lapphund caresses the soul of his master and caretaker.

Attitude

The Finnish Lapphund easy to train and manage. He is very willing and sometimes forgives mistakes. So it is suitable like almost no other Nordic dog also for a committed beginner. The Finnish dog it is not a dog for a flat. The ideal would be a house with a garden. Because at Lapp he likes to stay out, where you want to spend the night or in winter you like to roll up and have it snow. A great experience. The garden should not be thought of as an ornamental garden. To the Lapps they like to dig and dig a little cave.

The Finnish Lapphund they still have the qualities of a herding dog and can still do this job today. However, unlike many other ancient herding dog breeds, is undemanding and does not need constant employment. However, he likes to accept challenges, also in the different disciplines of sport for dogs. To the Lapps they do very well as tracking dogs. The lush fur of the Finnish Lapphund requires intensive grooming, especially during the change of coat in spring and summer. Then, especially your house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair, even if you brush it every day. The Lapps they are very family oriented and very child friendly. They are excellent companions and at the same time bring a piece of wild nature into our lives..

Education

The Finnish Lapphund is very eager to learn and to learn and turns to us humans. So that I can be well trained. However, you have to accept the challenge, even love him, to mentally engage with this original dog, self-confident, to empathize with his character. Not only will you accept your caregiver, it will also be dedicated to him. You have to be fully involved in the experience with this confident breed, typically Nordic herding and guard dogs.

Through a loving but consistent upbringing, you Lappi must be aware of his position in the family from puppyhood. It is ideal if you are active with your Lapp dog in dog sports or follow-up work. In this way, you can experience this wonderful experience of an intimate bond between man and dog, especially when you have a close and intimate relationship with your dog.

Care and health

The lush, double coat of the Finnish Lapphund requires intensive care, especially during the change of coat in spring and summer.

Typical diseases

The Finnish Lapphund it is a robust breed of dog. Due to the very small breeding base, be aware of consanguinity and the results of predisposition tests for inherited diseases. Serious breeders will be happy to provide this data.

Nutrition / Food

The Finnish Lapp he has no problems in his nutrition.

The life expectancy of a Finnish Lapland Dog

The breed has a life expectancy of more than 12 years according to the Kennel Club.

Buying a Finnish Lapland Dog

If you are interested in a Finnish Lapphund, you should get information from a local breeder affiliated with a Nordic Dog club. You should plan here long term, because puppies from serious kennels – and only the ones you should buy – they are hard to come by. A puppy of this breed costs around 1.200 EUR.

Review of the Finnish Lapponian Dog

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Finnish Lapphund” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Finnish Lapponian Dog

Photos:

1 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/721341
2 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/676715
3 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1136704
4 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://flic.kr/p/cuPwW
5 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-perro-de-pastoreo-frontera-1806039/
6 – Finnish Lapland Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/frontera-perro-pastor-brit%C3%A1nico-1913373/

Videos of the Finnish Lapponian Dog

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 189
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..

Finnish Lapland Dog breed FCI standard

Finnish Lapponian Dog FCI Finnish Lapponian Dog FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Finnish Lapphund, Lapinkoira, Suomenlapinkoira (English).
    2. Suomenlapinkoira (French).
    3. Suomenlapinkoira, Lapinkoira (German).
    4. Suomenlapinkoira (Portuguese).
    5. (Spanish).

Icelandic Sheepdog
Islandia FCI 289 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

Icelandic Sheepdog

The muzzle expression of the Icelandic Sheepdog recalls a smile that highlights your cheerful temperament.

Content

History

Where does the Icelandic Shepherd Dog come from?

For many centuries the Icelandic Sheepdog was the “Swiss knife” of the lonely farms and workshops of the great North Atlantic island. In the extremely harsh weather they had to herd sheep, keep small vermin, help in hunting, as well as taking care of the house and the farm and especially the children. On the one hand they are considered as shepherd dogs and on the other hand as Nordic Spitz. In any case, they're extremely smart, Agile, flexible and robust man's aides.

Its existence was in grave danger only recently. Due to the diseases introduced and the mixing with pedigree dogs imported legally and illegally to the island, seemed already extinct. Then the Icelanders recognized the danger surrounding their only native dog and took specific measures against him.

Today, this unique breed of dog seems to be above the hill in its population. The Icelandic Sheepdog enjoys increasing popularity outside Iceland. Genetically speaking, has been able to maintain his Nordic identity. This is confirmed by at least a thorough genetic analysis from 2017 of more than 100 breeds of dogs by a team of geneticists led by Heidi Parker.

The Icelandic dog has become very popular outside of his original home as a friendly, exciting and fascinating companion and family dog. It still retains much of its original acting ability, expressed in his desire to move, to work with friends and to be very alert. In 1972 was officially recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale).

Physical characteristics

The Icelandic Sheepdog of “Islenskur Fjárhundur” it is a very old breed of dog and the only one in Iceland. The Icelandic dog is a medium-sized dog, which is coughy and only at first glance resembles a medium-sized dog. It has a dense fur, weather insensitive and robust. The top layer is medium or long, with a dense, soft sub-hair. There are Icelandic dogs with short and long hair. Different colors are allowed, from tanning to cream, chocolate brown, grey or black. Dogs should always have white markings.

The standard describes its overall appearance in this way:

The Icelandic Sheepdog is a Nordic grazing Spitz; it's a little less than medium-sized and has pointed ears and a screwed tail. Seen on side, has a rectangular format, namely, the length of your body from the tip of your nose to the tip of your buttock exceeds your height to the cross. The depth of the chest box is equal to the length of the front legs.

How big is an Icelandic Sheepdog?

Males must have a height at the cross of some 46 centimeters, the females 42 centimeters. The standard does not give any information about weight.

Longevity of an Icelandic Sheepdog

A Icelandic dog seriously raised must have a life expectancy of 12 years or more.

Character and skills

The Icelandic Sheepdog remains an agile grazing dog and a watchdog at the center of his being. However, outside Iceland, usually only raised as a companion dog. This is not a disadvantage. Rather he finds very well in his current role as family dog and companion. But it's still very agile and needs your workload. He feels comfortable watching and protecting and also likes to bark. At the same time it is a very friendly family dog that turns to people. He is considered very fond of children.

The official rule correctly describes its character as follows:

The Icelandic Sheepdog it's a sturdy grazing dog, agile and noisy and, therefore, extremely useful for grazing and driving cattle in pastures and mountains, as well as for tracking lost sheep. He is alert by nature and welcomes every visitor enthusiastically without being aggressive. His hunting instinct is underdeveloped. The Icelandic Sheepdog is happy, friendly, curious, playful and not afraid.

The Icelandic Sheepdog is definitely suitable for the ambitious beginner.

Care, health and diseases

How much care does an Icelandic Sheepdog need?

An Icelandic dog needs to be roasted during fur change. The top and bottom layer should be brushed intensely.

Is there a typical breed disease in Icelandic dogs?

The Icelandic Sheepdog it's essentially a healthy and robust breed of dog.

What food is best for an Icelandic dog?

The Icelandic Sheepdog is a trouble-free and unre demanding food. Of course, High quality food is good for your health and test. Like most dogs, sometimes he likes a bone of fleshy beef and fresh meat.

Considerations before purchase

Where can you buy an Icelandic dog?

If you are interested in a Icelandic Sheepdog, you should look for a local Icelandic dog breeder who is affiliated with an official Nordic dog club. You should fix this in time., because puppies are rare.

Icelandic Sheepdog Education and Maintenance

Do I want an Icelandic dog?

The Icelandic Shepherd Dog is a friendly and breus dog. He wants to integrate into the family and can fit in without problems. Ideally a house with a garden in the countryside. But that's not an obligation.. You can also keep it in an apartment in the city, whenever you deal with him every day.

The Icelandic Sheepdog is a loving member of the family and a great companion for children. Welcome visitors amicably and stormily. Their cordiality is contagious. If you get too bored, you can spend your energy on furniture or become a thief.

Since the Icelandic Sheepdog has little hunting instinct these days, the excursions with him to nature are quite relaxed. With an Icelandic dog you can go on a trip without problems. In the car – just by the hair – an aluminum transport box is recommended.

A Icelandic Sheepdog needs to be looked after by fur. It is very important that humans and dogs have a common interest in a lot of movement and in exploring nature. Icelandic dog is not a sofa stuffed animal.

He can be trained very well. He is open and honest and likes to work alongside his master or carer. Art lies in finding the right level of consistency and guidance for this very lively and at the same time sensitive and intelligent dog. The decisive basis is always a close emotional bond and mutual trust. Because of their good behavior, you can easily do, a certain amount of work is a basic requirement. A frustrated Icelandic dog won't thank you as an obedient companion. But this is only in the possession of your caregiver. From puppy, you have to keep an eye on your eagerness to report, which is related to the bark of joy. Here you must put the strict reins, if you don't live on a lonely, lonely property. Once again, the Icelandic Sheepdog is more effective than any alarm system.

Icelandic Sheepdog Review

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Icelandic Sheepdog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Icelandic Sheepdog

Photos:

1 – Icelandic Sheepdog, remembering a Corgis by Thomas Quine / CC BY-SA
2 – Icelandic Sheepdog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/237527
3 – Icelandic Sheepdog by Canarian / CC BY-SA
4 – Icelandic Sheepdog by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/237516
5 – Icelandic Sheepdog by Alan Levine / CC BY
6 – Icelandic Sheepdog by Swedish Fair from Sweden / CC BY

Icelandic Sheepdog Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 289
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders..
    • AKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
    • CKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.
    • UKC – Nordic Watchdogs and Herders.

    FCI breed standard Icelandic Sheepdog

    Icelandic Sheepdog FCI Icelandic Sheepdog FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Icelandic Spitz, Iceland Dog, Íslenskur fjárhundur, Islandsk, Fårehund, Friaar Dog, Canis Islandicus (English).
      2. Berger islandais, Berger d’IslandeFrench).
      3. Isländischer Spitz, Isländischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Islenskur fjárhundur (Portuguese).
      5. Íslenskur Fjárhundur (Spanish).
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