Havanese
Cuba FCI 250 . Bichons

Bichón Habanero

Due to their nature, the Havanese is used in therapy with animals

Content

History

Like all kind dogs Bichon, as the Coton de Tulear, the Bolognese or the Maltese, the Havanese has its origins in the western Mediterranean, on the Spanish and Italian coasts.

There are several theories about its appearance. According to some historians, descends from Bichón de Tenerife, that was brought to Cuba in the 18th century, when several settlers began to settle on the island. Others believe that it is descended from Barbet and the Poodle French bred in France before being brought to Cuba by Spanish settlers, also during the 18th century. However, this hypothesis is much less plausible than the first.

In any case, as soon as you get to the island, their ancestors evolved to adapt to the climate, developing a lightweight, insulating coat to better tolerate heat. They also crossed paths with Blanquitos de la Habana, another Bichon-type dog that was already established on the island, but that has disappeared. Other crosses were probably made with Maltese, also imported by the settlers. The result was a more massive dog, rustic and robust.

In addition, Cuba was subject to trade restrictions imposed by Spain at that time, and remained isolated for some time: this facilitated the development of a specifically local breed. During the 18th century, the breed was called Habanera, in reference to the city of Havana, capital of Cuba. They differed from other Bichon-type dogs by their fur, softer and could be other colors in addition to white, and by its morphology. In fact, I was both smaller and bigger than them.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Havanese it had become a very popular pet among Cuban aristocratic families. European travelers also fell under its spell, and some took them to england, Spain and France, which is why they also became fashionable in Europe in the middle of the century. Writer Charles Dickens (1812 – 1870) and queen victoria (1819 – 1901) were some of the celebrities who owned them and who had a special predilection for this breed.

After the Cuban revolution of 1959, the race had a bad time. In fact, their number greatly decreased, to the point of being on the verge of extinction. However, some subjects accompanied people fleeing the chaos and went into exile abroad, especially in the state of Florida, in United States. Diplomatic tensions, sometimes very strong, did not prevent Havanans from becoming known in the country. In fact, the breed probably owes its salvation to the individuals brought to the United States, since the disturbances in their native territory caused a drastic decrease in their numbers. In fact, although the breed continued to be present in Cuba during this period, it was primarily American enthusiasts who took up the breeding torch at this point in history.

Specialists emphasize in particular the importance of 11 specimens born on the island and who accompanied their masters to the United States: served as the basis for the selection made to constitute new lines. In fact, These 11 dogs were commissioned over the years 70 by the Goodales, a couple of American breeders. Enchanted by the intelligence of the race, its affectionate character and its great resistance to the hot and humid climate of Florida, they gave birth to puppies from the ten specimens they owned and developed a breeding program that was decisive. In fact, it is thanks to his work that the habanero had a new life in the United States and that new lines were born there, based on dogs born in Cuba. The first births took place in 1974, and in 1979 a breed club was created, the Havanese Club of America (HCA). Quickly, went from 9 to more than 400 Member, which shows how quickly this dog found an audience.

The recognition of Havanese

Although this country played a decisive role in the survival of the breed, the official recognition of Havanans in the United States came late. In effect, we had to wait until 1991 for the United Kennel Club (UKC) take the step. The other local reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), he did the same 5 years later, in 1996.

El Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) followed him in 1999.

On the other hand, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) distinguished himself by recognizing the Havanese in 1963. This contributed to its spread in Europe., where the breed did not really enjoy the same popularity as in the second half of the 19th century.

In the United Kingdom, was recognized by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club in 1993.

More broadly, the Havanese is now recognized by all major international and national institutions in the world.

The situation of Havanese in Cuba

In Cuba, the flight of a large number of aristocrats (the same ones that constituted the main population of owners of this dog) towards the United States and other places could have raised fear of a disappearance of the breed in the country.

However, this was avoided, since not all the owners of habaneros left, and some hatchlings continued to exist. Even in 1991 the Cuban Club of the Havanese (CCBH) with the aim of promoting the breed, protect it and promote its development. In addition, of course, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC).

Today, the Havanese It is considered the national breed of Cuba – she is the only one from this country). Obviously, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC). Enthusiasts now hope that the resumption of relations between the United States and the island will allow the exchange of dogs to expand the gene pool of Cuban and American bloodlines..

Did You Know?

The Habanero It is the national dog of Cuba. Descend from the already gone Blanquito de la Habana; the Blanquito descends from Bichón Tenerife, too late.

Popularity

In the news, the Havanese is known and distributed all over the world, and is increasingly successful in many countries.

This is the case, in particular, from France, where each year some 800 dogs in the French Book of Origins (LOF). The breed experienced an especially pronounced boom among 2009 and 2014, going from about 250 births per year to more than 700. Prior to that, the number had already doubled in the first decade of the 21st century, starting from a hundred, stable or even slightly inferior to the years 90.

In Switzerland, statistics from the Amicus database show it to be the 20th most common breed in the country, With almost 5.000 registered copies.

The success of Havanese is even more pronounced in Canada, where it is solidly anchored at the Top 10 of the most popular breeds in the country in view of the number of registrations in the CKC, ranking between 5th and 7th position depending on the year. The breed is also on the rise, since at the end of the decade of 2000 ranked 15th.

Its popularity is not denied in the United States either., where the stall is around 25 (about 200) in the breed ranking established by the AKC based on the number of births registered each year in the organization. In the middle of the Decade of 2000, rather occupied the position 40, and around the 30 early in the decade 2010.

The Havanese is also increasingly popular in the UK, for example. In fact, at around 500 specimens registered annually with the KC at the end of 2010, more than double the score at the beginning of the decade, when some 200 births per year.

Physical characteristics

The Havanese is a small vigorous dog low on short legs, long-haired, abundant, soft, preferably wavy. Their movements are alive and elastic.

Its height to the cross is of 21 - 29 cm., with the ideal of breed between 22,9 and 26,7 cm.. Its height is slightly smaller than the length from the shoulder to the hind legs, that should give the appearance of being slightly longer than high. A unique aspect is its back line, straight but not horizontal. Their weight is between the 3,6 and 6,8 kg.

The truffle is black, the eyes are very large, in the form of almond, never round, Brown most obscure. It has a friendly expression. The contour of the eye should be dark brown to black. The ears are medium in length, implemented relatively high, falling along the cheeks forming a fold that elevates them slightly. Its tip is a bit strong tip. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Nor distant as windmill blades, or glued to the cheeks. It takes the high tail, in the form of pastoral staff (with the curved upper limb, in the form of scrolls) or, preferably, wound on the back; It is equipped with a fringe of long silky hairs.

With regard to their coat, the inner layer lanosa, is poorly developed; is often absent altogether. The layer of coverage is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy, and it can be curly, wicks.

There are two varieties of color:

  • Pure completely white, Fawn in different shades of the Griffon clear del habano (wetwood tobacco colour); spots of the mantle in these colors, sometimes slightly carborane.
  • White coat colors, light tawny to Brown, with black spots, black cloak. With the black nose and dark pigment around eyes, except for the chocolate-colored dogs, It can have dark brown pigment around the nose.

Mantle's hair should be long, soft, fluffy, silky and should be brushed frequently so that you do not enrede and form knots.
Many people consider Havanese Bichon a hypoallergenic dog.

Grooming “Havanese”

Provided that carried his dog an aesthetic Center, remind the professional stylist to revise the ears of your dog so that clean excess match, dust and dirt that might be present; as well as remove excess hair that grows in the ear hole. More deep ear cleaning them can do only the veterinary doctor.

It is important that you as owner review ears and ears of your dog at least once a week to avoid more serious problems. See where this is necessary for inspection and care to the veterinary doctor. Professional stylists must inform the owners of pets who care about the possible problems of the ears so that they are cared for properly.

The nails should be cut each 3 - 4 weeks on average, their nails should measure approximately 1 cm., counting the root (You must measure up to half a centimeter). It is recommended that the cutting of nails do the veterinary doctor or the professional stylist. The owners if they don't have the proper experience should ask advice to learn how to cut them; always using the tools in good condition and appropriate. Never cut the nails of your dog if you don't have special healing powder to control accidental bleeding that might be present. It is important that the dog is confident, post which tends to be aggressive in defending their legs.

The hair is very thin and fine. It is recommended to consistently styling each 2 or 3 days to avoid forming knots or lint. In addition, the hair helps to get rid of the unhealthy hairs. The breed standard provides for a cut of hair around their feet to avoid that look like a round pie and a small cut around the eyes for hygienic reasons, but no more court to participate in canine competitions.

The hair of the Cubs is different from adult dogs, for this reason the agreement differently may be necessary. Check with your professional stylist. Remember your stylist to clean the anal glands of your dog as part of the routine of aesthetics; a veterinarian can also and recommend him to you each time this procedure must be your dog. The problems of anal glands are risky and uncomfortable.

Character and skills

They are very playful and good dogs with older people, rather than with the children. They love to jump on the furniture and are of the smaller breeds of company that exist.

The Havanese is exceptionally awake, It's easy to educate as alarm dog. Affectionate, cheerful nature, is nice, warm, funny, playful and even a little jester. He wants his entire family, including parents and children, and play endlessly with them. Rarely behaves aggressively, It is user-friendly and is rarely shy or nervous with people, but it's still distrustful with strangers.

Ready and active, the Havanese has a light and elastic walk (physically given by your body), enough showy and agile as to emphasize their nature happy, also tends to be proud and conceited. It has movement free the forelimbs which move straight forward and the rear giving thrust in a straight line. It would always seek care through tricks as running from one room to another as fast as possible. You don't need too much exercise. This is a very people-oriented variety; They also have the habit of persecuting people without being possessive and play without attack.

The key word of this race is natural. The standard of the American Kennel Club speaks of one playful character rather than decorative and should reflect a Toy by its size and by playing with children and do tricks, not to be lying on a Silk Pillow.

Due to their nature, These dogs are used in therapy with animals, as for the deaf and in detection of termite among other assistance dog.

Price

The price of a puppy Havanese round the 1200 euros on average. However, this amount hides great disparities, since the price range goes from 700 - 2500 EUR.

Whatever the country, the amount required depends on several criteria, as the quality of the lineage from which the animal comes, the prestige of the kennel, as well as, and above all, the intrinsic characteristics of the puppy, particularly on the physical plane, namely, its greater or lesser approximation to the breed standard.

Characteristics “Havanese”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Havanese” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Exercise Needs ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Havanese”

Videos “Havanese”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 250
  • Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs.
  • Section 1: Companion and Toy Dogs. Without working trial..

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKC – Toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Havanese"

FCIFCI - "Havanese"
Bichon

Alternative names:

    1. Havanese dog, Havanese Cuban Bichon (English).
    2. Bichon havanais (French).
    3. Havaneser (German).
    4. Bichon havanês, Havanese (Portuguese).
    5. Bichón Habanero, Habanés (Spanish).
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