Havanese
Cuba FCI 250 . Bichons

Thanks to its nature, the Havanese is used in therapy with animals

Bichón Habanero

Content

Characteristics "Havanese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Havanese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

Like all kind dogs Bichon, as the Coton de Tulear, the Bolognese or the Maltese, the Havanese tiene sus orígenes en el Mediterráneo occidental, on the Spanish and Italian coasts.

Existen varias teorías sobre su aparición. Según algunos historiadores, descends from Bichón de Tenerife, que fue traído a Cuba en el siglo XVIII, when several settlers began to settle on the island. Others believe that it is descended from Barbet and the Poodle French bred in France before being brought to Cuba by Spanish settlers, also during the 18th century. However, this hypothesis is much less plausible than the first.

In any case, as soon as you get to the island, their ancestors evolved to adapt to the climate, developing a lightweight, insulating coat to better tolerate heat. They also crossed paths with Blanquitos de la Habana, another Bichon-type dog that was already established on the island, but that has disappeared. Other crosses were probably made with Maltese, also imported by the settlers. The result was a more massive dog, rústico y robusto.

What's more, Cuba was subject to trade restrictions imposed by Spain at that time, y permaneció aislada durante algún tiempo: esto facilitó el desarrollo de una raza específicamente local. During the 18th century, the breed was called Habanera, in reference to the city of Havana, capital of Cuba. They differed from other Bichon-type dogs by their fur, más suave y que podía ser de otros colores además del blanco, y por su morfología. In fact, I was both smaller and bigger than them.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Havanese se había convertido en una mascota muy popular entre las familias aristocráticas cubanas. European travelers also fell under its spell, and some took them to england, Spain and France, which is why they also became fashionable in Europe in the middle of the century. Writer Charles Dickens (1812 – 1870) and queen victoria (1819 – 1901) fueron algunas de las celebridades que los poseyeron y que tenían especial predilección por esta raza.

After the Cuban revolution of 1959, the race had a bad time. In fact, su número disminuyó enormemente, to the point of being on the verge of extinction. However, algunos súbditos acompañaron a las personas que huían del caos y se exiliaron en el extranjero, especially in the state of Florida, in United States. Diplomatic tensions, sometimes very strong, no impidieron que los habaneros empezaran a ser conocidos en el país. In fact, the breed probably owes its salvation to the individuals brought to the United States, ya que los disturbios en su territorio nativo provocaron un drástico descenso de su número. In fact, aunque la raza siguió estando presente en Cuba durante este período, fueron principalmente los entusiastas estadounidenses quienes tomaron la antorcha de la cría en este momento de la historia.

Specialists emphasize in particular the importance of 11 specimens born on the island and who accompanied their masters to the United States: sirvieron de base para la selección realizada para constituir nuevas líneas. In fact, These 11 dogs were commissioned over the years 70 by the Goodales, a couple of American breeders. Enchanted by the intelligence of the race, su carácter afectuoso y su gran resistencia al clima cálido y húmedo de Florida, hicieron nacer cachorros de la decena de ejemplares que poseían y desarrollaron un programa de cría que resultó decisivo. In fact, es gracias a su trabajo que el habanero tuvo una nueva vida en Estados Unidos y que allí nacieron nuevas líneas, based on dogs born in Cuba. The first births took place in 1974, and in 1979 a breed club was created, the Havanese Club of America (HCA). Quickly, went from 9 to more than 400 Member, lo que demuestra lo rápido que este perro encontró un público.

The recognition of Havanese

Aunque este país desempeñó un papel decisivo en la supervivencia de la raza, the official recognition of Havanans in the United States came late. In effect, we had to wait until 1991 for the United Kennel Club (UKC) take the step. The other local reference organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), he did the same 5 years later, in 1996.

El Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) followed him in 1999.

On the other hand, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) distinguished himself by recognizing the Havanese in 1963. This contributed to its spread in Europe., where the breed did not really enjoy the same popularity as in the second half of the 19th century.

In the United Kingdom, was recognized by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club in 1993.

More broadly, the Havanese is now recognized by all major international and national institutions in the world.

The situation of Havanese in Cuba

In Cuba, la huida de un gran número de aristócratas (los mismos que constituían la principal población de propietarios de este perro) hacia Estados Unidos y otros lugares podría haber hecho temer una desaparición de la raza en el país.

However, this was avoided, since not all the owners of habaneros left, y algunas crías siguieron existiendo. Even in 1991 the Cuban Club of the Havanese (CCBH) with the aim of promoting the breed, protect it and promote its development. What's more, of course, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC).

Today, the Havanese It is considered the national breed of Cuba – es la única originaria de este país). Obviously, is recognized by the national canine organization, the Cynological Federation of Cuba (FCC). Los entusiastas esperan ahora que la reanudación de las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y la isla permita el intercambio de perros para ampliar el acervo genético de las líneas de sangre cubanas y estadounidenses.

Did you know??

The Habanero It is the national dog of Cuba. Descend from the already gone Blanquito de la Habana; the Blanquito descends from Bichón Tenerife, too late.

Popularity

In the news, the Havanese is known and distributed all over the world, y tiene un éxito creciente en muchos países.

This is the case, in particular, from France, where each year some 800 perros en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF). The breed experienced an especially pronounced boom among 2009 and 2014, going from about 250 births per year to more than 700. Prior to that, el número ya se había duplicado en la primera década del siglo XXI, starting from a hundred, stable or even slightly inferior to the years 90.

In Switzerland, las estadísticas de la base de datos Amicus muestran que es la vigésima raza más común en el país, With almost 5.000 registered copies.

The success of Havanese es aún más pronunciado en Canadá, where it is solidly anchored at the Top 10 de las razas más populares del país a la vista del número de registros en el CKC, situándose entre la 5ª y 7ª posición según el año. The breed is also on the rise, since at the end of the decade of 2000 ocupaba el 15º lugar.

Its popularity is not denied in the United States either., where the stall is around 25 (about 200) en el ranking de razas establecido por el AKC en función del número de nacimientos registrados cada año en la organización. In the middle of the Decade of 2000, rather occupied the position 40, and around the 30 early in the decade 2010.

The Havanese is also increasingly popular in the UK, for example. In fact, at around 500 specimens registered annually with the KC at the end of 2010, more than double the score at the beginning of the decade, when some 200 births per year.

Physical characteristics

The Havanese is a small vigorous dog low on short legs, longhair, abundant, soft, preferably wavy. Their movements are alive and elastic.

Its height to the cross is of 21 a 29 cm., with the ideal of breed between 22,9 and 26,7 cm.. Its height is slightly smaller than the length from the shoulder to the hind legs, lo que debería dar el aspecto de ser ligeramente más largo que alto. Un aspecto único es la línea de su lomo, straight but not horizontal. Their weight is between the 3,6 and 6,8 kg.

The truffle is black, the eyes are very large, in the form of almond, never round, Brown most obscure. It has a friendly expression. The contour of the eye should be dark brown to black. The ears are medium in length, implemented relatively high, falling along the cheeks forming a fold that elevates them slightly. Its tip is a bit strong tip. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Nor distant as windmill blades, or glued to the cheeks. It takes the high tail, in the form of pastoral staff (with the curved upper limb, in the form of scrolls) or, preferably, wound on the back; It is equipped with a fringe of long silky hairs.

With regard to their coat, the inner layer lanosa, is poorly developed; is often absent altogether. The layer of coverage is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy, and it can be curly, wicks.

There are two varieties of color:

  • Pure completely white, Fawn in different shades of the Griffon clear del habano (wetwood tobacco colour); spots of the mantle in these colors, sometimes slightly carborane.
  • White coat colors, light tawny to Brown, with black spots, black cloak. With the black nose and dark pigment around eyes, except for the chocolate-colored dogs, It can have dark brown pigment around the nose.

Mantle's hair should be long, soft, fluffy, silky and should be brushed frequently so that you do not enrede and form knots.
Many people consider Havanese Bichon a hypoallergenic dog.

Grooming “Havanese”

Provided that carried his dog an aesthetic Center, remind the professional stylist to revise the ears of your dog so that clean excess match, dust and dirt that might be present; así como eliminar el exceso de pelo que crece en el orificio auditivo. Limpiezas de oído más profundas solo las podrá hacer el médico veterinario.

Es importante que usted como propietario revise las orejas y oídos de su perro por lo menos una vez a la semana para evitar problemas más serios. See where this is necessary for inspection and care to the veterinary doctor. Los estilistas profesionales deberán informar a los propietarios de las mascotas que atienden sobre los posibles problemas de los oídos para que estos sean atendidos adecuadamente.

The nails should be cut each 3 a 4 weeks on average, their nails should measure approximately 1 cm., contando la raíz (que debe medir hasta medio centímetro). It is recommended that the cutting of nails do the veterinary doctor or the professional stylist. Los propietarios si no tienen la adecuada experiencia deben pedir asesoría para aprender a cortarlas; always using the tools in good condition and appropriate. Never cut the nails of your dog if you don't have special healing powder to control accidental bleeding that might be present. It is important that the dog is confident, post which tends to be aggressive in defending their legs.

The hair is very thin and fine. It is recommended to consistently styling each 2 or 3 días para evitar que se formen nudos o pelusas. What's more, the hair helps to get rid of the unhealthy hairs. The breed standard provides for a cut of hair around their feet to avoid that look like a round pie and a small cut around the eyes for hygienic reasons, pero ningún corte más para participar en concursos caninos.

The hair of the Cubs is different from adult dogs, for this reason the agreement differently may be necessary. Check with your professional stylist. Remember your stylist to clean the anal glands of your dog as part of the routine of aesthetics; a veterinarian can also and recommend him to you each time this procedure must be your dog. The problems of anal glands are risky and uncomfortable.

Character and skills

They are very playful and good dogs with older people, rather than with the children. Les encanta subirse a los muebles y son de las razas de compañía más pequeñas que existen.

The Havanese is exceptionally awake, It's easy to educate as alarm dog. Affectionate, cheerful nature, is nice, warm, funny, playful and even a little jester. He wants his entire family, including parents and children, and play endlessly with them. Rarely behaves aggressively, es amigable y raramente es tímido o nervioso con la gente, pero aún así es desconfiado con los extraños.

Ready and active, the Havanese has a light and elastic walk (dado físicamente por su cuerpo), enough showy and agile as to emphasize their nature happy, also tends to be proud and conceited. Tiene movimientos libres de los miembros delanteros los cuales se mueven rectos adelante y los traseros dando el empuje en línea recta. It would always seek care through tricks as running from one room to another as fast as possible. You don't need too much exercise. This is a very people-oriented variety; They also have the habit of persecuting people without being possessive and play without attack.

The key word of this race is natural. The standard of the American Kennel Club speaks of one playful character rather than decorative and should reflect a Toy by its size and by playing with children and do tricks, not to be lying on a Silk Pillow.

Thanks to its nature, These dogs are used in therapy with animals, as for the deaf and in detection of termite among other assistance dog.

Price

The price of a puppy Havanese round the 1200 euros on average. However, this amount hides great disparities, since the price range goes from 700 a 2500 EUR.

whatever the country, the amount required depends on several criteria, as the quality of the lineage from which the animal comes, the prestige of the kennel, as well as, and above all, las características intrínsecas del cachorro, en particular en el plano físico, that is to say, its greater or lesser approximation to the breed standard.

Images “Havanese”

Videos “Havanese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION: 250
  • Group 9: Perros de compañía.
  • Section 1: Perros de compañía.. Without working trial..

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKC – Toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Havanese"

FCIFCI - Havanese
Bichon

Alternative names:

    1. Havanese dog, Havanese Cuban Bichon (English).
    2. Bichon havanais (French).
    3. Havaneser (German).
    4. Bichon havanês, Havanese (Portuguese).
    5. Bichón Habanero, Habanés (español).
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2 thoughts on "Havanese”

  1. Hello, I have a rza Havanese dog and am interested in crossing it with a male of the same breed.
    My dog will comply 2 years and is identical to the picture. Thank you contact me to mail that indicates if you have reports. Greetings.

    Reply
    • Fabiola Hello!!!

      I have a Havanese and want to cross it with a female of their same race.
      I leave my facebook: Turca Poggi and my twitter: @Turcapoggi
      so if you are interested in, contact us.

      Greetings!

      Reply

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